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plasmacytoid dendritic cells

Daniel Gehlbach, Prasad Koduru, George John, Franklin Fuda, Arthur E Frankel, Weina Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Ming Sheng Lim, Anoop K Enjeti, Karla Lemmert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Shuaihantian Luo, Yunuo Wang, Ming Zhao, Qianjin Lu
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a severe autoimmune disease that causes multiple-organ dysfunction mainly affecting women in their childbearing years. Type I IFN synthesis is usually triggered by viruses, and its production is tightly regulated and limited in time in health individuals. However, many patients with systemic autoimmune diseases including SLE have signs of aberrant production of type I interferon (IFN) and display an increased expression of IFN-inducible genes. Continuous type I IFNs derived from activated plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) by interferogenic immune complexes (ICs) and migration of these cells to tissues both break immune tolerance and promote an on-going autoimmune reaction in human body...
October 18, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Catharina C Gross, Diana Ahmetspahic, Tobias Ruck, Andreas Schulte-Mecklenbeck, Kathrin Schwarte, Silke Jörgens, Stefanie Scheu, Susanne Windhagen, Bettina Graefe, Nico Melzer, Luisa Klotz, Volker Arolt, Heinz Wiendl, Sven G Meuth, Judith Alferink
OBJECTIVE: To characterize changes in myeloid and lymphoid innate immune cells in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) during a 6-month follow-up after alemtuzumab treatment. METHODS: Circulating innate immune cells including myeloid cells and innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) were analyzed before and 6 and 12 months after onset of alemtuzumab treatment. Furthermore, a potential effect on granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin (IL)-23 production by myeloid cells and natural killer (NK) cell cytolytic activity was determined...
December 2016: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
Daniela Damasceno, Martín Pérez Andrés, Wouter Bl van den Bossche, Juan Flores-Montero, Sandra de Bruin, Cristina Teodosio, Jacques Jm van Dongen, Alberto Orfao, Julia Almeida
Although major steps have been recently made in understanding the role of the distinct subsets of dendritic cells (DC)/antigen-presenting cells (APC), further studies are required to unravel their precise role, including in-depth immunophenotypic characterisation of these cells. Here, we used eight-colour flow cytometry to investigate the reactivity of a panel of 72 monoclonal antibodies (including those clustered in seven new Cluster of Differentiation, CD) on different subsets of APC in peripheral blood (PB) samples from five healthy adults...
September 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
Kun Taek Park, Mahmoud M ElNaggar, Gaber S Abdellrazeq, John P Bannantine, Victoria Mack, Lindsay M Fry, William C Davis
Phylogenic comparisons of the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) of humans and mice demonstrate phenotypic divergence of dendritic cell (DC) subsets that play similar roles in innate and adaptive immunity. Although differing in phenotype, DC can be classified into four groups according to ontogeny and function: conventional DC (cDC1 and cDC2), plasmacytoid DC (pDC), and monocyte derived DC (MoDC). DC of Artiodactyla (pigs and ruminants) can also be sub-classified using this system, allowing direct functional and phenotypic comparison of MoDC and other DC subsets trafficking in blood (bDC)...
2016: PloS One
Franz Puttur, Marcela Francozo, Gülhas Solmaz, Carlos Bueno, Marc Lindenberg, Melanie Gohmert, Maxine Swallow, Dejene Tufa, Roland Jacobs, Stefan Lienenklaus, Anja A Kühl, Lisa Borkner, Luka Cicin-Sain, Bernard Holzmann, Hermann Wagner, Luciana Berod, Tim Sparwasser
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an opportunistic virus severely infecting immunocompromised individuals. In mice, endosomal Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) and downstream myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) are central to activating innate immune responses against mouse CMV (MCMV). In this respect, the cell-specific contribution of these pathways in initiating anti-MCMV immunity remains unclear. Using transgenic mice, we demonstrate that TLR9/MyD88 signaling selectively in CD11c(+) dendritic cells (DCs) strongly enhances MCMV clearance by boosting natural killer (NK) cell CD69 expression and IFN-γ production...
October 18, 2016: Cell Reports
Hirotsugu Nagase, Tomohira Takeoka, Shinya Urakawa, Akiko Morimoto-Okazawa, Atsunari Kawashima, Kota Iwahori, Shuji Takiguchi, Hiroyoshi Nishikawa, Eiichi Sato, Shimon Sakaguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki, Hisashi Wada
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have an immunosuppressive role in the tumor microenvironment. Since effector Tregs (eTregs), which have highly suppressive functions, are located in a subpopulation of Foxp3(+) CD4(+) Tregs, the TCR-inducible costimulatory receptor (ICOS) was applied as a marker of eTregs that infiltrated gastric cancer tissue and the induction pathway of ICOS(+) Foxp3(+) cells was analyzed by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. In tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), ICOS(+) Foxp3(+) CD4(+) T cells were abundantly observed in the late stages of gastric cancer...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Charles Nicaise, Laura Weischelbaum, Liliane Schandene, Valérie Gangji, Florence Dehavay, Joanna Bouchat, Benoît Balau, Thomas Vogl, Muhammad S Soyfoo
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of S100A8/A9 in the pathogenesis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: The serum levels of S100A8/A9 were determined in pSS patients and healthy controls by ELISA. The expression of S100A8/A9 in salivary glands was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The phenotype of S100A8+ and S100A9+ cells was identified using double immunofluorescence. The effects of S100A8/A9 on cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from pSS patients were determined in vitro by flow cytometry...
October 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Tomohiro Watanabe, Kouhei Yamashita, Masatoshi Kudo
An increased number of clinicopathological studies on autoimmune pancreatitis, cholangitis, and sialoadenitis have led to the recognition of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) as a novel disorder, characterized by elevated levels of serum IgG4 and infiltration of IgG4-expressing plasma cells in the affected organs. Although the immunological background associated with the development of IgG4-RD remains poorly understood, recent studies have suggested involvement of the innate immune response in its pathogenesis...
October 16, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
L Mascarell, S Airouche, N Berjont, C Gary, C Gueguen, G Fourcade, B Bellier, D Togbe, B Ryffel, D Klatzmann, V Baron-Bodo, P Moingeon
The complement subunit C1q was recently identified as a marker for monocyte-derived regulatory dendritic cells supporting the differentiation of interleukin (IL)-10-secreting CD4(+) T cells with a suppressive activity. Furthermore, C1q expression is upregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of allergic patients in the course of successful allergen immunotherapy. Herein, we investigated a potential direct role of C1q in downregulating allergic inflammation. In mice with ovalbumin (OVA) or birch pollen (BP)-induced allergic asthma, C1q is as efficacious as dexamethasone to reduce both airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), eosinophil, and ILC2 infiltrates in bronchoalveolar lavages, as well as allergen-specific T helper 2 cells in the lungs...
October 12, 2016: Mucosal Immunology
John W Upham, Yang Xi
Dendritic cells (DC) are potent antigen presenting cells. Because of their particular ability to initiate and regulate cell mediated and humoral immune responses, there is considerable interest in the role that DC play in the pathogenesis of various lung diseases, especially those in which there is an excessive immune response to specific antigens (as in asthma) or a deficient immune response (as in lung cancer). A number of DC subpopulations have been defined in the lungs including myeloid or conventional DC that initiate T-cell immunity and antibody production, and plasmacytoid DC that have an important role in anti-viral immunity and immune tolerance...
October 8, 2016: Chest
Susanne Mommert, Lisanne Ratz, Kira Herwig, Maren Rost, Ralf Gutzmer, Thomas Werfel
Environmental triggers and genetic factors are supposed to lead to complex gene expression changes in psoriasis and interact in the manifestation of the disease. The histamine H4 receptor (HRH4) is functionally expressed on Th17 cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) which play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. On pDCs a higher basal expression level of the HRH4 in psoriasis patients compared to healthy controls has been detected. The functional relationship between predisposing genetic variations in the HRH4 gene and psoriasis is yet not known...
October 7, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Martine Cordeau, Assila Belounis, Martin Lelaidier, Paulo Cordeiro, Hervé Sartelet, Sabine Herblot, Michel Duval
High-risk neuroblastoma (NB) remains a major therapeutic challenge despite the recent advent of disialoganglioside (GD2)-antibody treatment combined with interleukin (IL)-2 and granulocyte monocyte-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Indeed, more than one third of the patients still die from this disease. Here, we developed a novel approach to improve the current anti-GD2 immunotherapy based on NK cell stimulation using toll-like receptor (TLR)-activated plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). We demonstrated that this strategy led to the efficient killing of NB cells...
2016: PloS One
Adam Ceroi, David Masson, Anne Roggy, Christophe Roumier, Cécile Chagué, Thierry Gauthier, Laure Philippe, Baptiste Lamarthée, Fanny Angelot-Delettre, Francis Bonnefoy, Sylvain Perruche, Sabeha Biichle, Claude Preudhomme, Elisabeth Macintyre, Laurent Lagrost, Francine Garnache-Ottou, Philippe Saas
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive hematological malignancy with a poor prognosis that derives from plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC). No consensus for optimal treatment modalities is available today and the full characterization of this leukemia is still emerging. We identified here a BPDCN-specific transcriptomic profile when compared to those of acute myeloid leukemia and T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia, as well as the transcriptomic signature of primary PDC. This BPDCN gene signature identified a dysregulation of genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis, some of them being liver X receptor (LXR) target genes...
October 4, 2016: Blood
Shereen Oon, Huy Huynh, Tsin Yee Tai, Milica Ng, Katherine Monaghan, Mark Biondo, Gino Vairo, Eugene Maraskovsky, Andrew D Nash, Ian P Wicks, Nicholas J Wilson
To date, the major target of biologic therapeutics in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been the B cell, which produces pathogenic autoantibodies. Recently, targeting type I IFN, which is elaborated by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) in response to endosomal TLR7 and TLR9 stimulation by SLE immune complexes, has shown promising results. pDCs express high levels of the IL-3Rα chain (CD123), suggesting an alternative potential targeting strategy. We have developed an anti-CD123 monoclonal antibody, CSL362, and show here that it affects key cell types and cytokines that contribute to SLE...
May 5, 2016: JCI Insight
Musheng Bao, York Wang, Ying Liu, Peiqing Shi, Hongbo Lu, Wenwen Sha, Leiyun Weng, Shino Hanabuchi, Jun Qin, Joel Plumas, Laurence Chaperot, Zhiqiang Zhang, Yong-Jun Liu
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) rapidly produce large amounts of type 1 interferon (IFN) after Toll-like receptor 7 and 9 engagements. This specialized function of type 1 IFN production is directly linked to the constitutive expression of IRF7, the master transcription factor for type 1 IFN production. However, the IRF7 regulatory network in pDCs remains largely unknown. In this study, we identify that the transcription factor NFATC3 specifically binds to IRF7 and enhances IRF7-mediated IFN production. Furthermore, knockout of NFATC3 greatly reduced the CpG DNA-induced nuclear translocation of IRF7, which resulted in impaired type 1 IFN production in vitro and in vivo...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
B Weber, C Schlapbach, M Stuck, H-U Simon, L Borradori, H Beltraminelli, D Simon
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous (CLP) and oral lichen planus (OLP) as the main subtypes of lichen planus (LP) present with different clinical manifestation and disease course, although their histopathologic features such as the band-like lymphocyte infiltrate and keratinocyte apoptosis are similar. So far, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the in situ cellular infiltrates, cytokine expression profiles and apoptosis markers in CLP and OLP...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Marek Lommatzsch, Kai Bratke, Paul Stoll, Norbert Mülleneisen, Friedrich Prall, Andrea Bier, J Christian Virchow
BACKGROUND: The histologic diagnosis of Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is invasive and can cause complications. To confirm the diagnosis of PLCH, guidelines therefore recommend measuring CD1a-positive bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells despite its poor sensitivity and specificity. Thus, an improved diagnostic accuracy of BALF cell analysis would be desirable. METHODS: Using four-colour flow cytometry, plasmacytoid and myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) were analysed in BALF of 10 newly diagnosed, untreated, smoking patients with PLCH, and compared with BALF DCs from 40 asymptomatic smokers and 21 never-smokers...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Sunil Kannanganat, Linda S Wyatt, Sailaja Gangadhara, Venkatesarlu Chamcha, Lynette S Chea, Pamela A Kozlowski, Celia C LaBranche, Lakshmi Chennareddi, Benton Lawson, Pradeep B J Reddy, Tiffany M Styles, Thomas H Vanderford, David C Montefiori, Bernard Moss, Harriet L Robinson, Rama Rao Amara
We tested, in rhesus macaques, the effects of a 500-fold range of an admixed recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) expressing rhesus GM-CSF (MVA/GM-CSF) on the immunogenicity and protection elicited by an MVA/SIV macaque 239 vaccine. High doses of MVA/GM-CSF did not affect the levels of systemic envelope (Env)-specific Ab, but it did decrease the expression of the gut-homing receptor α4β7 on plasmacytoid dendritic cells (p < 0.01) and the magnitudes of Env-specific IgA (p = 0.01) and IgG (p < 0...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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