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interferon lambda

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900038/socs1-is-an-inducible-negative-regulator-of-ifn-lambda-induced-gene-expression-in-vivo
#1
Tanja Blumer, Mairene Coto-Llerena, Francois H T Duong, Markus H Heim
Type I (α and β) and type III (λ) interferons (IFNs) are induced upon viral infection through host sensory pathways that activate IFN regulatory factors (IRFs) and nuclear factor κB. Secreted IFNs induce autocrine and paracrine signalling through the JAK-Stat pathway leading to the transcriptional induction of hundreds of IFN stimulated genes (ISGs), amongst them sensory pathway components such as cGAS, STING, RIG-I, MDA5 and the transcription factor IRF7 that enhance the induction of IFNαs and IFNλss...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878776/interferon-%C3%AE-s-and-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-a-close-relationship
#2
REVIEW
Giulia Finotti, Nicola Tamassia, Marco A Cassatella
Interferon lambdas (IFNλs) are recently discovered cytokines acting not only at the first line of defense against viral infections but also at the mucosal barriers. In fact, a peculiar feature of the IFNλ system is the restricted expression of the functional IFNλR, which is known to be limited to epithelial cells and discrete leukocyte subsets, including the plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). In the latter case, current data, discussed in this minireview, indicate that IFNλs positively regulate various pDC functions, including pDC expression of interferon-dependent gene (ISG) mRNAs, production of cytokines, survival, and phenotype...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874741/a-functional-ifn-%C3%AE-4-generating-dna-polymorphism-could-protect-older-asthmatic-women-from-aeroallergen-sensitization-and-associate-with-clinical-features-of-asthma
#3
Sreedhar Chinnaswamy, Aleksandra Wardzynska, Malgorzata Pawelczyk, Joanna Makowska, Tea Skaaby, Josep M Mercader, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Niels Grarup, Marta Guindo-Martinez, Hans Bisgaard, David Torrents, Allan Linneberg, Klaus Bønnelykke, Marek L Kowalski
Lambda interferons (IFNLs) have immunomodulatory functions at epithelial barrier surfaces. IFN-λ4, a recent member of this family is expressed only in a subset of the population due to a frameshift-causing DNA polymorphism rs368234815. We examined the association of this polymorphism with atopy (aeroallergen sensitization) and asthma in a Polish hospital-based case-control cohort comprising of well-characterized adult asthmatics (n = 326) and healthy controls (n = 111). In the combined cohort, we saw no association of the polymorphism with asthma and/or atopy...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871936/xanthoma-like-skin-changes-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-normal-lipid-profile
#4
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797039/impact-of-pnpla3-and-ifnl3-polymorphisms-on-hepatic-steatosis-in-asian-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#5
Chao-Min Huang, Kuo-Chin Chang, Chao-Hung Hung, King-Wah Chiu, Sheng-Nan Lu, Jing-Houng Wang, Chien-Hung Chen, Kwong-Ming Kee, Yuan-Hung Kuo, Ming-Chao Tsai, Po-Lin Tseng, Ming-Tsung Lin, Cheng-Kun Wu, Tsung-Hui Hu, Chung-Lung Cho, Yi-Hao Yen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A recent meta-analysis revealed that the genotype PNPLA3 rs738409 GG is associated with a higher risk of hepatic steatosis (HS) in Caucasian patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, controversial results were found regarding Asian populations. Furthermore, previous studies have shown a negative association between interferon lambda 3 (IFNL3) rs12979860 CC and HS in Caucasian CHC patients, but there have been no reports indicating any such association in Asian populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750037/generation-and-characterization-of-interferon-lambda-1-resistant-h1n1-influenza-a-viruses
#6
Natalia A Ilyushina, Vladimir Y Lugovtsev, Anastasia P Samsonova, Faruk G Sheikh, Nicolai V Bovin, Raymond P Donnelly
Influenza A viruses pose a constant potential threat to human health. In view of the innate antiviral activity of interferons (IFNs) and their potential use as anti-influenza agents, it is important to know whether viral resistance to these antiviral proteins can arise. To examine the likelihood of emergence of IFN-λ1-resistant H1N1 variants, we serially passaged the A/California/04/09 (H1N1) strain in a human lung epithelial cell line (Calu-3) in the presence of increasing concentrations of recombinant IFN-λ1 protein...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739427/the-impact-of-genetic-variation-in-il28b-ifnl4-and-hla-genes-on-treatment-responses-against-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#7
Fatemeh Sakhaee, Morteza Ghazanfari, Farzam Vaziri, Fatemeh Rahimi Jamnani, Mehdi Davari, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Roohollah Fateh, Farid Abdolrahimi, Shahin Pourazar Dizaji, Abolfazl Fateh, Seyed Davar Siadat
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the interleukin-28B (IL28B), interferon lambda 4 (IFNL4) and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) gene are associated with treatment responses in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) virus infection treated with pegylated interferon-α and ribavirin (pegIFN-α/RBV). We compared the role of IL28B SNPs (rs12979860, rs12980275, and rs8099917), IFNL4 ss469415590 and HLA rs4273729 with treatment outcomes in patients with CHC virus. A total of 520 Iranian patients with CHC infection were enrolled...
July 21, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732143/ifnl4-rs368234815-and-rs117648444-variants-predict-off-treatment-hbsag-seroclearance-in-ifn-treated-hbeag-negative-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients
#8
Enrico Galmozzi, Floriana Facchetti, Glenda Grossi, Alessandro Loglio, Mauro Viganò, Giovanna Lunghi, Massimo Colombo, Pietro Lampertico
BACKGROUND & AIM: Robust baseline predictors of interferon (IFN) response in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients are not currently available. The recently described rs368234815 TT/ΔG dinucleotide and rs117648444 nonsynonymous P70S polymorphisms in IFN lambda 4 (IFNL4) gene, which are strongly associated with response to IFN in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, could be also useful in IFN-treated CHB patients. Here we assessed whether IFNL4 rs368234815 and rs117648444 polymorphisms predict IFN-induced HBsAg clearance in CHB patients...
July 21, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727946/confounding-by-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs117648444-p70s-affects-the-association-of-interferon-lambda-locus-variants-with-response-to-interferon-%C3%AE-ribavirin-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-genotype-3-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#9
Anand Bhushan, Sumona Ghosh, Samsiddhi Bhattacharjee, Sreedhar Chinnaswamy
Genome-wide association studies discovered interferon lambda (IFNL or IFN-λ) locus on chromosome 19 to be involved in clearance of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients following interferon-α-ribavirin (IFN-RBV) therapy. Subsequent studies established a dinucleotide polymorphism rs368234815, as the prime causal variant behind this association. The ΔG allele of this variant gives rise to a new IFNL gene, IFNL4, coding for IFN-λ4 whose activity paradoxically associates with lesser viral clearance rates...
August 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713375/interferon-lambda-a-potent-regulator-of-intestinal-viral-infections
#10
REVIEW
Sanghyun Lee, Megan T Baldridge
Interferon-lambda (IFN-λ) is a recently described cytokine found to be of critical importance in innate immune regulation of intestinal viruses. Endogenous IFN-λ has potent antiviral effects and has been shown to control multiple intestinal viruses and may represent a factor that contributes to human variability in response to infection. Importantly, recombinant IFN-λ has therapeutic potential against enteric viral infections, many of which lack other effective treatments. In this mini-review, we describe recent advances regarding IFN-λ-mediated regulation of enteric viruses with important clinical relevance including rotavirus, reovirus, and norovirus...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704535/interferon-related-genetic-markers-of-necroinflammatory-activity-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#11
Rosario López-Rodríguez, Ángel Hernández-Bartolomé, María Jesús Borque, Yolanda Rodríguez-Muñoz, Samuel Martín-Vílchez, Luisa García-Buey, Leticia González-Moreno, Yolanda Real-Martínez, Paloma Muñoz de Rueda, Javier Salmerón, José Ramón Vidal-Castiñeira, Carlos López-Larrea, Luis Rodrigo, Ricardo Moreno-Otero, Paloma Sanz-Cameno
INTRODUCTION: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is a major cause of liver disease worldwide which often leads to progressive liver inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). CHC displays heterogeneous progression depending on a broad set of factors, some of them intrinsic to each individual such as the patient's genetic profile. This study aims to evaluate the contribution of certain genetic variants of crucial interferon alpha and lambda signaling pathways to the hepatic necroinflammatory activity (NIA) grade of CHC patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703131/egfr-rs11506105-and-ifnl3-snps-but-not-rs8099917-are-strongly-associated-with-treatment-responses-in-iranian-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#12
M Asnavandi, M Zargar, F Vaziri, F R Jamnani, S Gharibzadeh, A Fateh, S D Siadat
Interferon lambda 3 (IFNL3) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may play a key role in the spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and treatment responses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of IFNL3 SNPs and EGFR rs11506105 on treatment outcomes in patients with chronic HCV (CHC). IFNL3 SNPs and EGFR rs11506105 were genotyped by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism and PCR-sequencing, respectively, in 235 naïve patients with CHC infection...
July 13, 2017: Genes and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681817/the-evaluation-of-interferon-lambda-4-rs368234815-as-a-predictor-factor-in-treated-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-1a-infection
#13
Shahram Jalilian, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Manoochehr Makvandi, Ali Teimoori, Azarakhsh Azaran, Mehdi Parsanahad, Gholamabas Kayedani
CONTEXT: Host factors including single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in or near interferon lambda (IFNL) gene are the important factors in predicting response to treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC). AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and association of IFNL4 rs368234815 with IFNL3 SNPs rs12979860, rs8099917 and other factors including cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, fibrosis, viral load, age and body mass index in genotype 1a treated CHC patients, to achieve rapid virologic response (RVR) and sustained virologic response (SVR)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678686/cross-species-antiviral-activity-of-goose-interferon-lambda-against-duck-plague-virus-is-related-to-its-positive-self-regulatory-feedback-loop
#14
Shun Chen, Wei Zhang, Qin Zhou, Anqi Wang, Lipei Sun, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Kunfeng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Xiaoyue Chen, Anchun Cheng
Duck plague virus (DPV) is a virus of the Herpesviridae family that leads to acute disease with a high mortality rate in ducks. Control of the disease contributes to the development of poultry breeding. Type III IFN family (IFN-λs) is a novel member of the IFN family, and goose IFN-λ (goIFN-λ) is a newly identified gene whose antiviral function has only been investigated to a limited extent. Here, the cross-species antiviral activity of goIFN-λ against DPV in duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs) was studied. We found that pre-treatment with goIFN-λ greatly increased the expression of IFN-λ in both heterologous DEFs and homologous goose embryo fibroblasts (GEFs), while differentially inducing IFNα- and IFN-stimulated genes...
June 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671606/the-central-conserved-region-ccr-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-g-protein-modulates-host-mirna-expression-and-alters-the-cellular-response-to-infection
#15
Abhijeet A Bakre, Jennifer L Harcourt, Lia M Haynes, Larry J Anderson, Ralph A Tripp
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infects respiratory epithelial cells and deregulates host gene expression by many mechanisms including expression of RSV G protein (RSV G). RSV G protein encodes a central conserved region (CCR) containing a CX3C motif that functions as a fractalkine mimic. Disruption of the CX3C motif (a.a. 182-186) located in the CCR of the G protein has been shown to affect G protein function in vitro and the severity of RSV disease pathogenesis in vivo. We show that infection of polarized Calu3 respiratory cells with recombinant RSV having point mutations in Cys173 and 176 (C173/176S) (rA2-GC12), or Cys186 (C186S) (rA2-GC4) is associated with a decline in the integrity of polarized Calu-3 cultures and decreased virus production...
July 3, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623917/the-dynamic-changes-of-interferon-lambdas-related-genes-and-proteins-in-jak-stat-pathway-in-both-acute-and-chronic-hiv-1-infected-patients
#16
Guoxian Zhao, Lifeng Liu, Bin Su, Tong Zhang, Peng Chen, Wei Li, Hao Wu
BACKGROUND: Host immune responses during acute HIV-1 infection can influence the viral setpoint, which is a predictor of disease progression. Interferon (IFN)-lambdas are newly classified type III interferons, which use JAK-STAT pathway. Currently, the dynamics of IFN-lambdas related genes and proteins expression in the signaling pathway have not been well elaborated, especially in acute HIV-1-infected patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dynamic changes of IFN-lambdas related genes and proteins in JAK/STAT pathway in acute HIV-1-infected patients, and analyze their correlation with CD4 T cell counts and HIV-1 viral loads...
June 17, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623307/both-interferon-alpha-and-lambda-can-reduce-all-intrahepatic-hdv-infection-markers-in-hbv-hdv-infected-humanized-mice
#17
Katja Giersch, Maria Homs, Tassilo Volz, Martina Helbig, Lena Allweiss, Ansgar W Lohse, Jörg Petersen, Maria Buti, Teresa Pollicino, Camille Sureau, Maura Dandri, Marc Lütgehetmann
Co-infection with hepatitis B (HBV) and D virus (HDV) is associated with the most severe course of liver disease. Interferon represents the only treatment currently approved. However, knowledge about the impact of interferons on HDV in human hepatocytes is scant. Aim was to assess the effect of pegylated interferon alpha (peg-IFNα) and lambda (peg-IFNλ), compared to the HBV-polymerase inhibitor entecavir (ETV) on all HDV infection markers using human liver chimeric mice and novel HDV strand-specific qRT-PCR and RNA in situ hybridization assays, which enable intrahepatic detection of HDV RNA species...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611778/peg-interferon-lambda-treatment-induces-robust-innate-and-adaptive-immunity-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients
#18
Sandra Phillips, Sameer Mistry, Antonio Riva, Helen Cooksley, Tanya Hadzhiolova-Lebeau, Slava Plavova, Krum Katzarov, Marieta Simonova, Stephan Zeuzem, Clive Woffendin, Pei-Jer Chen, Cheng-Yuan Peng, Ting-Tsung Chang, Stefan Lueth, Robert De Knegt, Moon-Seok Choi, Heiner Wedemeyer, Michael Dao, Chang-Wook Kim, Heng-Chen Chu, Megan Wind-Rotolo, Roger Williams, Elizabeth Cooney, Shilpa Chokshi
IFN-lambda (IFNλ) is a member of the type III IFN family and is reported to possess anti-pathogen, anti-cancer, and immunomodulatory properties; however, there are limited data regarding its impact on host immune responses in vivo. We performed longitudinal and comprehensive immunosurveillance to assess the ability of pegylated (peg)-IFNλ to augment antiviral host immunity as part of a clinical trial assessing the efficacy of peg-IFNλ in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. These patients were pretreated with directly acting antiviral therapy (entecavir) for 12 weeks with subsequent addition of peg-IFNλ for up to 32 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514692/interferon-%C3%AE-mediates-non-redundant-front-line-antiviral-protection-against-influenza-virus-infection-without-compromising-host-fitness
#19
Ioanna E Galani, Vasiliki Triantafyllia, Evridiki-Evangelia Eleminiadou, Ourania Koltsida, Athanasios Stavropoulos, Maria Manioudaki, Dimitris Thanos, Sean E Doyle, Sergei V Kotenko, Kalliopi Thanopoulou, Evangelos Andreakos
Lambda interferons (IFNλs) or type III IFNs share homology, expression patterns, signaling cascades, and antiviral functions with type I IFNs. This has complicated the unwinding of their unique non-redundant roles. Through the systematic study of influenza virus infection in mice, we herein show that IFNλs are the first IFNs produced that act at the epithelial barrier to suppress initial viral spread without activating inflammation. If infection progresses, type I IFNs come into play to enhance viral resistance and induce pro-inflammatory responses essential for confronting infection but causing immunopathology...
May 16, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513591/zinc-is-a-potent-and-specific-inhibitor-of-ifn-%C3%AE-3-signalling
#20
Scott A Read, Kate S O'Connor, Vijay Suppiah, Chantelle L E Ahlenstiel, Stephanie Obeid, Kristina M Cook, Anthony Cunningham, Mark W Douglas, Philip J Hogg, David Booth, Jacob George, Golo Ahlenstiel
Lambda interferons (IFNL, IFN-λ) are pro-inflammatory cytokines important in acute and chronic viral infection. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs12979860 and rs8099917 within the IFNL gene locus predict hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance, as well as inflammation and fibrosis progression in viral and non-viral liver disease. The underlying mechanism, however, is not defined. Here we show that the rs12979860 CC genotype correlates with increased hepatic metallothionein expression through increased systemic zinc levels...
May 17, 2017: Nature Communications
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