Read by QxMD icon Read


Ngan Thi Kim Pham, Aksara Thongprachum, Quang Duy Trinh, Shoko Okitsu, Shihoko Komine-Aizawa, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Satoshi Hayakawa, Hiroshi Ushijima
Of 972 stool samples collected from infants and children with acute gastroenteritis in six different regions (Hokkaido, Tokyo, Shizuoka, Kyoto, Osaka, and Saga) of Japan during 2-year period from July 2014 to June 2016, 63 samples (6.5%) determined to be positive for enterovirus by multiplex RT-PCR were subjected to genotype determination based on the partial VP1 region using the CODEHOP method. Sixty-two strains were succeeded in genotyping and seventeen EV types were identified. The majority of the studied strains belonged to EV-A (30 of 62; 48...
March 11, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Weihui Gou, Zhen Zhang, Chunfeng Yang, Yumei Li
Macrophage polarization plays a crucial role in regulating myocardial inflammation and injuries of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced viral myocarditis (VM). It has been reported that miR-223 is a potent regulator of inflammatory responses that involved in macrophage polarization. However, the functional roles of miR-223 in CVB3-induced VM still remain unknown. Here, we found that miR-223 expression was significantly down-regulated in heart tissues and heart-infiltrating macrophages of CVB3-infected mice. Up-regulation of miR-223 in vivo protected the mice against CVB3-induced myocardial injuries characterized by the increased body weight and survival, enhanced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), relieved inflammation, depressed creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels, reduced production of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-6 as well as increased IL-10...
March 7, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Fiona Mei Shan Teo, Min Nyo, Anng Anng Wong, Natalie Woon Hui Tan, Mia Tuang Koh, Yoke Fun Chan, Chia Yin Chong, Justin Jang Hann Chu
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a prevalent contagious childhood disease typically associated with fever, oral lesions and limb exanthema. While HFMD is caused by a plethora of serotypes of viruses under the genus Enterovirus within the Picornaviridae family, Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) and Enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) are considered the main etiological agents. In recent years however, other viruses have also been isolated in considerable numbers from infected individuals in many regions, joining the legion commonly associated with HFMD...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhao-Peng Dong, Qian Wang, Zhen-Jie Zhang, Michael J Carr, Dong Li, Wei-Feng Shi
Globally, coxsackievirus B4 (CV-B4) has been continuously isolated and evidence suggests an association with the development of pancreatitis and type I diabetes. In addition, CV-B4 is also associated with myocarditis and severe central nervous system (CNS) complications, which remain poorly studied and understood. In the present study, we established an Institute for Cancer Research (ICR) mouse model of CV-B4 infection and examined whether CV-B4 infection resulted in a predisposition to myocarditis and CNS infection...
January 18, 2018: Zoological Research
Kuo-Liang Chiang, Sung-Hsi Wei, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Yu-Kung Chou, Jyh-Yuan Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Yu Zhou, Chao Zhang, Qingwei Liu, Sitang Gong, Lanlan Geng, Zhong Huang
Coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) has emerged worldwide as one of the main pathogens of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in recent years. However, there is currently no commercial vaccine available to prevent CVA10 infection. Here we report the development of a recombinant virus-like particle (VLP) based candidate vaccine for CVA10. Co-expression of the capsid protein precursor P1 and the protease 3CD of CVA10 in Pichia pastoris resulted in cleavage of P1 into three capsid subunit proteins VP0, VP1, and VP3. These three subunit proteins co-assembled into CVA10 VLPs, which were visualized as spherical particles with a diameter of ∼30 nm under electron microscope...
February 19, 2018: Antiviral Research
Simon Meister, Matthew E Verbyla, Marius Klinger, Tamar Kohn
The susceptibility of waterborne viruses to disinfection is known to vary between viruses and even between closely related strains, yet the extent of this variation is not known. Here, different enteroviruses (six strains of coxsackievirus B5, two strains of coxsackievirus B4 and one strain of coxackievirus B1) were isolated from wastewater and inactivated by UV254 , sunlight, free chlorine (FC), chlorine dioxide (ClO2 ), and heat. Inactivation kinetics of these isolates were compared with those of laboratory enterovirus strains (CVB5 Faulkner and echovirus 11 Gregory) and MS2 bacteriophage...
February 21, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Jiao Huang, Qiaohong Liao, Mong How Ooi, Benjamin J Cowling, Zhaorui Chang, Peng Wu, Fengfeng Liu, Yu Li, Li Luo, Shuanbao Yu, Hongjie Yu, Sheng Wei
Using China's national surveillance data on hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) for 2008-2015, we described the epidemiologic and virologic features of recurrent HFMD. A total of 398,010 patients had HFMD recurrence; 1,767 patients had 1,814 cases of recurrent laboratory-confirmed HFMD: 99 reinfections of enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) with EV-A71, 45 of coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) with CV-A16, 364 of other enteroviruses with other enteroviruses, 383 of EV-A71 with CV-A16 and CV-A16 with EV-A71, and 923 of EV-A71 or CV-A16 with other enteroviruses and other enteroviruses with EV-A71 or CV-A16...
March 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Nannan Zhou, Yan Yue, Sidong Xiong
BACKGROUND: Viral myocarditis is a widespread cardiac disease associated with inflammation and myocardial injury and is predominantly caused by coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection in humans as well as in mice. CVB3-induced myocarditis shows sexually dimorphic sensitivity and is more prevalent in male mice. Our previous studies showed that natural killer (NK) cells played an indispensable role in CVB3-induced myocarditis, and female mice exhibited less pathological cardiac interferon gamma (IFN-γ)+ NK cell infiltration than did male mice...
January 6, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Susan E Howlett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1210/js.2017-00278.].
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Endocrine Society
Jie Song, Yajie Hu, Xi Jiang, Wenbing Zhu, Zhongxiang Wu, Shaozhong Dong
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) are two major etiologic agents associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) worldwide. Despite that they both belong to the Enterovirus genus of the Picornaviridae family, there are many differences in the infection process of these viruses. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Multiple studies indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) can play critical roles in the host-pathogen interaction. Our previous study reported that EV71 and CA16 infection leads to differential expression of miRNAs in human bronchial epithelial (16HBE) cells...
February 12, 2018: Virus Research
Lang Tian, Yeyi Yang, Chunyun Li, Jia Chen, Zhuoying Li, Xin Li, Shentang Li, Fang Wu, Zhangxue Hu, Zuocheng Yang
Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is an important human pathogen linked to cardiac arrhythmias and acute heart failure. CVB3 infection has been reported to induce the formation of autophagosomes that support the viral replication in host cells. Interestingly, our study shows that the accumulation of autophagosomes during CVB3 infection is caused by a blockage of autophagosome-lysosome fusion rather than the induction of autophagosome biogenesis. Moreover, CVB3 decreases the transcription and translation of syntaxin 17 (STX17), a SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor activating protein receptor) protein involved in autophagosome-lysosome fusion...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Yan Wang, Ying Qin, Tianying Wang, Yang Chen, Xiujuan Lang, Jia Zheng, Shuoyang Gao, Sijia Chen, Xiaoyan Zhong, Yusong Mu, Xiaoyu Wu, Fengming Zhang, Wenran Zhao, Zhaohua Zhong
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the primary causative pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), affecting children with severe neurological complications. Pyroptosis is a programmed cell death characterized by cell lysis and inflammatory response. Although proinflammatory response has been implicated to play important roles in EV71-caused diseases, the involvement of pyroptosis in the pathogenesis of EV71 is poorly defined. We show that EV71 infection induced caspase-1 activation. Responding to the activation of caspase-1, the expression and secretion of both IL-1β and IL-18 were increased in EV71-infected cells...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Julienne M Jagdeo, Antoine Dufour, Theo Klein, Nestor Solis, Oded Kleifeld, Jayachandran Kizhakkedathu, Honglin Luo, Christopher M Overall, Eric Jan
Enteroviruses encode proteinases that are essential for processing of the translated viral polyprotein. In addition, viral proteinases also target host proteins to manipulate cellular processes and evade innate antiviral responses to promote replication and infection. Although some host protein substrates of enterovirus proteinases have been identified, the full repertoire of targets remains unknown. We used a novel quantitative in vitro proteomics-based approach, termed<u>t</u>erminal<u>a</u>mine<u>i</u>sotopic<u>l</u>abeling of<u>s</u>ubstrates (TAILS), to identify with high confidence 72 and 34 new host protein targets of poliovirus and coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) 3C proteinases (3C pro ) in HeLa cell and cardiomyocyte HL-1 cell lysates, respectively...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Virology
Kapka Miteva, Kathleen Pappritz, Marzena Sosnowski, Muhammad El-Shafeey, Irene Müller, Fengquan Dong, Konstantinos Savvatis, Jochen Ringe, Carsten Tschöpe, Sophie Van Linthout
Inflammation in myocarditis induces cardiac injury and triggers disease progression to heart failure. NLRP3 inflammasome activation is a newly identified amplifying step in the pathogenesis of myocarditis. We previously have demonstrated that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are cardioprotective in Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis. In this study, MSC markedly inhibited left ventricular (LV) NOD2, NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18 mRNA expression in CVB3-infected mice. ASC protein expression, essential for NLRP3 inflammasome assembly, increased upon CVB3 infection and was abrogated in MSC-treated mice...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mirnalini Sharma, Baijayantimala Mishra, Uma Nahar Saikia, Ajay Bahl, R K Ratho
Background & objectives: Coxsackievirus B (CVB), a member of human Enterovirus group, is the most common cause of viral myocarditis. Coxsackievirus adenovirus receptor (CAR) is identified as a key determinant for the entry of CVB in the target cells. Thus, blockade of receptor by RNA interference (RNAi) may inhibit the entry and pathogenesis of CVB in cardiac cells. The present study was aimed to determine the effect of CAR small dsRNA (siRNA) on coxsackieviral load and CAR expression in coxsackievirus-infected cardiomyocytes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Tsuguto Fujimoto
Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16), and CV-A6 are the major causative agents of Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD). These viruses belong to the species Enterovirus A of the genus Enterovirus of the family Picornaviridae. These viruses can also cause aseptic meningitis (AM), encephalitis and/or paralysis. EV-A71 is one of the main infectious agents related to severe encephalitis. Between 1997 and 2013, East and Southeast Asia experienced large encephalitis outbreaks caused by EV-A71 infections, which ranged from severe to lethal...
February 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
M Wang, Q J Wei, J Li, X Q Jiang, Z J Zhang, Y G Tong, S J Ding, X J Wang, W F Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Teng-Fei Yan, Xin-Na Li, Le Wang, Chen Chen, Su-Xia Duan, Ju-Ju Qi, Li-Xin Li, Xue-Jun Ma
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a serious public health problem, and coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) and coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) are two of the major causative pathogens, in addition to enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16). A simple and rapid reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification assay (RT-RAA) was developed for the detection of CVA10 and CVA6 in this study. The analytical sensitivity for detection of CVA10 and CVA6 at 95% probability by probit regression analysis was 35 copies per reaction and 38 copies per reaction, respectively, with 100% specificity...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Virology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"