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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441604/digital-quantitative-analysis-of-microrna-in-single-cell-based-on-ligation-depended-polymerase-colony-polony
#1
Hui Wang, Honghong Wang, Xinrui Duan, Chenghui Liu, Zhengping Li
The ability to dissect cell-to-cell variations of microRNA (miRNA) expression with single-cell resolution has become a powerful tool to investigate the regulatory function of miRNAs in biological processes and the pathogenesis of miRNA-related diseases. Herein, we have developed a novel scheme for digital detection of miRNA in single cell by using the ligation-depended DNA polymerase colony (polony). Firstly, two simply designed target-specific DNA probes were ligated by using individual miRNA as the template...
April 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437377/microrna-21-is-required-for-local-and-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-multiple-organ-protection-against-sepsis
#2
Ping Jia, Xiaoli Wu, Yan Dai, Jie Teng, Yi Fang, Jiachang Hu, Jianzhou Zou, Mingyu Liang, Xiaoqiang Ding
OBJECTIVE: Sepsis, triggered by microbial infection, is a common and life-threatening systemic illness, often leads to impaired function of vital organs. Ischemic preconditioning induced by transient brief episodes of ischemia is a powerful innate mechanism of organ protection. We have reported that a 15-minute renal ischemic preconditioning substantially attenuated subsequent renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here, we investigate whether a brief ischemia and reperfusion in kidney can provide protection at local and remote sites against sepsis-induced organ injury, and whether this protection is microRNA-21 dependent...
April 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430789/mir-9-3p-augments-apoptosis-induced-by-h2o2-through-down-regulation-of-herpud1-in-glioma
#3
Ling Yang, Yongping Mu, Hongwei Cui, Yabing Liang, Xiulan Su
MicroRNAs are short, single-stranded non-coding RNA molecules that function as regulators of tumor progression in various cancers, including glioma. The present study sought to investigate the biological functions of miR-9-3p in glioma progression. The results of a microRNA microarray indicated that microRNA-9-3p (miR-9-3p, miR-9*) is down-regulated in high-grade (grades III and IV) gliomas compared with non-tumor tissues. These results were confirmed with real-time PCR. The miR-9-3p expression level was associated with age and tumor grade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426731/effect-of-genetic-variation-in-microrna-binding-site-in-wnt1-inducible-signaling-pathway-protein-1-gene-on-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-susceptibility
#4
Hon-Kit Lau, Edie-Rosmin Wu, Mu-Kuan Chen, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Shun-Fa Yang, Lyu-Yao Wang, Ying-Erh Chou
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which is the most common head and neck cancer, accounts for 1%-2% of all human malignancies and is characterized by poor prognosis and reduced survival rates. WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1), a cysteine-rich protein belonging to the Cyr61, CTGF, Nov (CCN) family of matricellular proteins, has many developmental functions and may be involved in carcinogenesis. This study investigated WISP1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to elucidate OSCC susceptibility and clinicopathologic characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423324/resolving-subcellular-mirna-trafficking-and-turnover-at-single-molecule-resolution
#5
Sethuramasundaram Pitchiaya, Laurie A Heinicke, Jun I Park, Elizabeth L Cameron, Nils G Walter
Regulation of microRNA (miRNA) localization and stability is critical for their extensive cytoplasmic RNA silencing activity and emerging nuclear functions. Here, we have developed single-molecule fluorescence-based tools to assess the subcellular trafficking, integrity, and activity of miRNAs. We find that seed-matched RNA targets protect miRNAs against degradation and enhance their nuclear retention. While target-stabilized, functional, cytoplasmic miRNAs reside in high-molecular-weight complexes, nuclear miRNAs, as well as cytoplasmic miRNAs targeted by complementary anti-miRNAs, are sequestered stably within significantly lower-molecular-weight complexes and rendered repression incompetent...
April 18, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421078/genetic-association-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-outcome-beyond-histocompatibility-genes
#6
REVIEW
Rihab Gam, Pranali Shah, Rachel E Crossland, Jean Norden, Anne M Dickinson, Ralf Dressel
The outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is controlled by genetic factors among which the leukocyte antigen human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching is most important. In addition, minor histocompatibility antigens and non-HLA gene polymorphisms in genes controlling immune responses are known to contribute to the risks associated with HSCT. Besides single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in protein coding genes, SNPs in regulatory elements such as microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to these genetic risks...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394117/in-situ-hot-spot-assembly-as-a-general-strategy-for-probing-single-biomolecules
#7
Huiqiao Liu, Qiang Li, Mingmin Li, Sisi Ma, Dingbin Liu
Single-molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has attracted increasing attention in chemical and biomedical analysis. However, it remains a major challenge to probe single biomolecules by means of SERS hot spots owing to the small volume of hot spots and their random distribution on substrates. We here report an in-situ hot-spot assembly method as a general strategy for probing single biomolecules. As a proof-of-concept, this proposed strategy was successfully used for the detection of single microRNA-21 (miRNA-21, a potential cancer biomarker) at the single-cell level, showing great capability in differentiating the expression of miRNA-21 in single cancer cells from normal cells...
April 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386324/mirna-21-promotes-proliferation-and-invasion-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells-through-targeting-pten
#8
Hong Fang, Jiping Xie, Min Zhang, Ziwei Zhao, Yi Wan, Yongqiang Yao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small single-stranded RNAs that bind to the 3'UTR of the mRNAs of target genes. They can target multiple genes and regulate translation or degradation of the mRNA. miRNAs target genes in a tissue-specific manner, and the role of a particular miRNA varies according to tumor origin or even subtype within the same cancer. This study evaluated the effect of miR-21 expression in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) tissues and MDA-MB-468, a cell line derived from TNBC tissues. miR-21 was consistently upregulated in TNBC and MDA-MB-468 cells compared to normal tissues...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381865/detection-of-dietetically-absorbed-maize-derived-micrornas-in-pigs
#9
Yi Luo, Pengjun Wang, Xun Wang, Yuhao Wang, Zhiping Mu, Qingzhi Li, Yuhua Fu, Juan Xiao, Guojun Li, Yao Ma, Yiren Gu, Long Jin, Jideng Ma, Qianzi Tang, Anan Jiang, Xuewei Li, Mingzhou Li
MicroRNAs are a class of small RNAs that are important in post-transcriptional gene regulation in animals and plants. These single-stranded molecules are widely distributed in organisms and influence fundamental biological processes. Interestingly, recent studies have reported that diet-derived plant miRNAs could regulate mammalian gene expression, and these studies have broadened our view of cross-kingdom communication. In the present study, we evaluated miRNA levels in cooked maize-containing chow diets, and found that plant miRNAs were resistant to the harsh cooking conditions to a certain extent...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371285/a-two-stage-dissociation-system-for-multilayer-imaging-of-cancer-biomarker-synergic-networks-in-single-cells
#10
Ruo-Can Qian, Yue Cao, Li-Jun Zhao, Zhen Gu, Yi-Tao Long
The monitoring of cancer biomarkers is crucial to the early detection of cancer. However, a limiting factor in biomarker analysis is the ability to obtain the multilayered information of various biomarker molecules located at different parts of cells from the plasma membrane to the cytoplasm. A two-stage dissociation nanoparticle system based on multifunctionalized polydopamine-coated gold nanoparticles (Au@PDA NPs) is reported, which allows for the two-stage imaging of cancer biomarkers in single cells. We demonstrate the feasibility of this strategy on sialic acids (SAs), p53 protein, and microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) in MCF-7 breast cancer cells by two custom-built probes...
March 28, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365400/mirna-29b-suppresses-tumor-growth-through-simultaneously-inhibiting-angiogenesis-and-tumorigenesis-by-targeting-akt3
#11
Yan Li, Bolei Cai, Liangliang Shen, Yan Dong, Qun Lu, Shukai Sun, Shiyu Liu, Shufang Ma, Peter X Ma, Jihua Chen
The traditional anti-angiogenic cancer therapy could trigger hypoxia induced factor (HIF) response, leading to "reactive resistance" to chemotherapy. Simultaneously inhibiting both angiogenesis and tumorigenesis would be ideal to overcome this limitation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly explored as new agents for cancer therapy. In the present study, we identified a microRNA (miR-29b) with the ability of simultaneously inhibiting angiogenesis and tumorigenesis. Ectopic expression of miR-29b inhibits HUVECs formed three-dimensional capillary-like tubular structures, tumor cell proliferation, migration and tumor formation...
March 29, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364128/snps-in-bone-related-mirnas-are-associated-with-the-osteoporotic-phenotype
#12
Laura De-Ugarte, Enrique Caro-Molina, Maria Rodríguez-Sanz, Miguel Angel García-Pérez, José M Olmos, Manuel Sosa-Henríquez, Ramón Pérez-Cano, Carlos Gómez-Alonso, Luis Del Rio, Jesús Mateo-Agudo, José Antonio Blázquez-Cabrera, Jesús González-Macías, Javier Del Pino-Montes, Manuel Muñoz-Torres, Manuel Diaz-Curiel, Jorge Malouf, Antonio Cano, José Luis Pérez-Castrillon, Xavier Nogues, Natalia Garcia-Giralt, Adolfo Diez-Perez
Biogenesis and function of microRNAs can be influenced by genetic variants in the pri-miRNA sequences leading to phenotypic variability. This study aims to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affecting the expression levels of bone-related mature microRNAs and thus, triggering an osteoporotic phenotype. An association analysis of SNPs located in pri-miRNA sequences with bone mineral density (BMD) was performed in the OSTEOMED2 cohort (n = 2183). Functional studies were performed for assessing the role of BMD-associated miRNAs in bone cells...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362341/the-role-of-micrornas-in-myocardial-infarction-from-molecular-mechanism-to-clinical-application
#13
REVIEW
Teng Sun, Yan-Han Dong, Wei Du, Chun-Ying Shi, Kun Wang, Muhammad-Akram Tariq, Jian-Xun Wang, Pei-Feng Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small single-stranded and highly conserved non-coding RNAs, which are closely linked to cardiac disorders such as myocardial infarction (MI), cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and heart failure. A growing number of studies have demonstrated that miRNAs determine the fate of the heart by regulating cardiac cell death and regeneration after MI. A deep understanding of the pathophysiology of miRNA dependent regulatory pathways in these processes is required. The role of miRNAs as diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic targets also needs to be explored in order to utilize them in clinical settings...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355077/isothermal-amplification-for-microrna-detection-from-the-test-tube-to-the-cell
#14
Ruijie Deng, Kaixiang Zhang, Jinghong Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that act as pivotal post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, thus involving in many fundamental cellular processes such as cell proliferation, migration, and canceration. The detection of miRNAs has attracted significant interest, as abnormal miRNA expression is identified to contribute to serious human diseases such as cancers. Particularly, miRNAs in peripheral blood have recently been recognized as important biomarkers potential for liquid biopsy...
March 29, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350988/micrornas-establish-uniform-traits-during-the-architecture-of-vertebrate-embryos
#15
Dionna M Kasper, Albertomaria Moro, Emma Ristori, Anand Narayanan, Guillermina Hill-Teran, Elizabeth Fleming, Miguel Moreno-Mateos, Charles E Vejnar, Jing Zhang, Donghoon Lee, Mengting Gu, Mark Gerstein, Antonio Giraldez, Stefania Nicoli
Proper functioning of an organism requires cells and tissues to behave in uniform, well-organized ways. How this optimum of phenotypes is achieved during the development of vertebrates is unclear. Here, we carried out a multi-faceted and single-cell resolution screen of zebrafish embryonic blood vessels upon mutagenesis of single and multi-gene microRNA (miRNA) families. We found that embryos lacking particular miRNA-dependent signaling pathways develop a vascular trait similar to wild-type, but with a profound increase in phenotypic heterogeneity...
March 27, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347238/the-predicted-target-gene-validation-function-and-prognosis-studies-of-mirna-22-in-colorectal-cancer-tissue
#16
Bo Li, Bai Li, Hongyan Sun, Haishan Zhang
MicroRNAs are known as small, non-coding, and single-stranded RNAs which can regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis and involve in the development of tumors. In this study, colorectal cancer tissue morphological change in different prognosis in patients was observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Thereafter, differentially expressed miR-22 and TIAM1 gene were detected using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot in different colorectal cancer tissues. Meanwhile, luciferase reporter gene system was used to verify the relationship between miR-22 and TIAM1...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347154/-circulating-micrornas-in-the-diagnostics-of-endocrine-neoplasms
#17
Ábel Decmann, Pál Perge, Zoltán Nagy, Henriett Butz, Attila Patócs, Péter Igaz
MicroRNAs (miRNA, miR) are short - 19-25 nucleotide long - single stranded (in their mature form), non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression mostly at the posttranscriptional level. microRNAs are involved in the regulation of various physiological processes such as cell differentiation and proliferation, development, haematopoesis, cell death, while their aberrant expression is observed in numerous diseases, like autoimmune disorders, inflammations, vascular diseases or tumorigenesis. microRNAs are expressed in a tissue specific fashion...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340487/microrna-4739-regulates-osteogenic-and-adipocytic-differentiation-of-immortalized-human-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-via-targeting-lrp3
#18
Mona Elsafadi, Muthurangan Manikandan, Nehad M Alajez, Rimi Hamam, Raed Abu Dawud, Abdullah Aldahmash, Zafar Iqbal, Musaad Alfayez, Moustapha Kassem, Amer Mahmood
Understanding the regulatory networks underlying lineage differentiation and fate determination of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSC) is a prerequisite for their therapeutic use. The goal of the current study was to unravel the novel role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 3 (LRP3) in regulating the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of immortalized hBMSCs. Gene expression profiling revealed significantly higher LRP3 levels in the highly osteogenic hBMSC clone imCL1 than in the less osteogenic clone imCL2, as well as a significant upregulation of LRP3 during the osteogenic induction of the imCL1 clone...
April 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327787/overexpression-of-mir-484-and-mir-744-in-vero-cells-alters-dengue-virus-replication
#19
Juan Camilo Castrillón-Betancur, Silvio Urcuqui-Inchima
BACKGROUND: Dengue is considered one of the world's most important mosquito-borne diseases. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding single-stranded RNAs that play an important role in the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Although miRNAs possess antiviral activity against many mammalian-infecting viruses, their involvement in Dengue virus (DENV) replication remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of miR-484 and miR-744 in DENV infection and to examine whether DENV infection alters the expression of both miRNAs...
April 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327113/low-cell-number-single-tube-amplification-sta-of-total-rna-revealed-transcriptome-changes-from-pluripotency-to-endothelium
#20
Yi-Hsuan Lee, Ya-Wen Hsueh, Yao-Hung Peng, Kung-Chao Chang, Kuen-Jer Tsai, H Sunny Sun, Ih-Jen Su, Po-Min Chiang
BACKGROUND: In addition to messenger RNA (mRNA), noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are essential components in cellular machineries for translation and splicing. Besides their housekeeping functions, ncRNAs are involved in cell type-specific regulation of translation, mRNA stability, genome structure, and accessibility. To have a comprehensive understanding of the identities and functions of different cell types, a method to comprehensively quantify both mRNA and ncRNA in a sensitive manner is highly desirable...
March 21, 2017: BMC Biology
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