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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922126/viral-and-bacterial-co-infection-in-severe-pneumonia-triggers-innate-immune-responses-and-specifically-enhances-ip-10-a-translational-study
#1
Jonathan Hoffmann, Daniela Machado, Olivier Terrier, Stephane Pouzol, Mélina Messaoudi, Wilma Basualdo, Emilio E Espínola, Rosa M Guillen, Manuel Rosa-Calatrava, Valentina Picot, Thomas Bénet, Hubert Endtz, Graciela Russomando, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà
Mixed viral and bacterial infections are widely described in community-acquired pneumonia; however, the clinical implications of co-infection on the associated immunopathology remain poorly studied. In this study, microRNA, mRNA and cytokine/chemokine secretion profiling were investigated for human monocyte-derived macrophages infected in-vitro with Influenza virus A/H1N1 and/or Streptococcus pneumoniae. We observed that the in-vitro co-infection synergistically increased interferon-γ-induced protein-10 (CXCL10, IP-10) expression compared to the singly-infected cells conditions...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919232/microrna-27a-rs895819-is-associated-with-obesity-in-hiv-infected-preeclamptic-black-south-african-women-on-haart
#2
Niren Ray Maharaj, Prithiksha Ramkaran, Siddharthiya Pillay, Anil Amichund Chuturgoon
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) and HIV/AIDS present a major health challenge globally. South Africa has the highest disease burden of both HIV/AIDS and PE in the world. Despite extensive research, the pathophysiology of these conditions is not completely understood, however a genetic predisposition in women may affect susceptibility. MiRNA-27a regulates adipogenesis and glucose metabolism. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in miRNA-27a (rs895819T > C) has shown to have disparate effects in various populations...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909218/erythrocyte-survival-is-controlled-by-microrna-142
#3
Natalia Rivkin, Elik Chapnik, Alexander Mildner, Gregory Barshtein, Ziv Porat, Elena Kartvelishvily, Tali Dadosh, Yehudit Birger, Gail Amir, Saul Yedgar, Shai Izraeli, Steffen Jung, Eran Hornstein
Hematopoietic-specific miR-142 is critical regulator of various blood cell lineages, but its role in erythrocytes is unexplored. Here, we characterize miR-142 impact on erythrocyte physiology and molecular cell biology, using a mouse loss of function allele. We report that miR-142 is required for maintaining the typical erythrocyte biconcave shape and structural resilience, for normal metabolism of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and for overall lifespan. miR-142 further controls actin filament homeostasis and membrane skeleton organization...
December 1, 2016: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906134/tumour-suppressor-micrornas-regulate-ovarian-cancer-cell-physical-properties-and-invasive-behaviour
#4
Clara K Chan, Yinghong Pan, Kendra Nyberg, Marco A Marra, Emilia L Lim, Steven J M Jones, Dianna Maar, Ewan A Gibb, Preethi H Gunaratne, A Gordon Robertson, Amy C Rowat
The activities of pathways that regulate malignant transformation can be influenced by microRNAs (miRs). Recently, we showed that increased expression of five tumour-suppressor miRs, miR-508-3p, miR-508-5p, miR-509-3p, miR-509-5p and miR-130b-3p, correlate with improved clinical outcomes in human ovarian cancer patients, and that miR-509-3p attenuates invasion of ovarian cancer cell lines. Here, we investigate the mechanism underlying this reduced invasive potential by assessing the impact of these five miRs on the physical properties of cells...
November 2016: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904930/micrornas-in-bone-diseases
#5
REVIEW
L Gennari, S Bianciardi, D Merlotti
MicroRNAs are small, noncoding single-stranded RNAs that have emerged as important posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression, with an essential role in vertebrate development and different biological processes. This review highlights the recent advances in the function of miRNAs and their roles in bone remodeling and bone diseases. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small (∼22 nt), noncoding single-stranded RNAs that have emerged as important posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression. They are essential for vertebrate development and play critical roles in different biological processes related to cell differentiation, activity, metabolism, and apoptosis...
November 30, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897113/strong-association-of-lipid-metabolism-related-microrna-binding-sites-polymorphisms-with-the-risk-of-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Lin Tan, Da-Long Zhao, Fu-Rong Sun, Meng-Shan Tan, Yu Wan, Chen-Chen Tan, Wei Zhang, Dan Miao, Jin-Tai Yu, Lan Tan
Although altered lipid metabolism has been extensively implicated in the pathogenesis of late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) through cell biological and epidemiological studies, genetic studies linking lipid metabolism and LOAD are still not well understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) exert post-transcriptional down-regulation and their target sequence on the 3' untranslated regions (3'UTR) may be altered by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We therefore explore whether the six loci in Clusterin gene (CLU) (rs9331949), Lipoprotein lipase gene (LPL) (rs1059507, rs3200218, rs3208305, rs3735964) and Low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 6 (LRP6) (rs2160525) could modulate LOAD risk through the alteration of miRNA binding sites...
October 27, 2016: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889393/triple-amirna-vegfrs-inhibition-in-pancreatic-cancer-improves-the-efficacy-of-chemotherapy-through-emt-regulation
#7
Jianfei Huang, Haijun Mei, Zhiyuan Tang, Jieying Li, Xiaojing Zhang, Yixiang Lu, Fang Huang, Qin Jin, Zhiwei Wang
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating disease with dismal outcome. Both novel prognostic markers and therapeutic targets are needed to improve the overall outcome of patients. Although single or double VEGFRs have been studied in PDAC, little is known about the role of triple combination of VEGFRs (VEGFR1, 2, and 3) in prognosis and therapy. We determined VEGFRs protein expression in 241 pancreatic tissues by tissue microarray immunohistochemistry (TMA-IHC), and correlated with patients' clinical characteristics and overall survival...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880937/prognostic-relevance-of-mirna-155-methylation-in-anaplastic-glioma
#8
Maximilian Georg Schliesser, Rainer Claus, Thomas Hielscher, Christiane Grimm, Dieter Weichenhan, Jonas Blaes, Benedikt Wiestler, Peter Hau, Johannes Schramm, Felix Sahm, Elisa K Weiß, Markus Weiler, Constance Baer, Friederike Schmidt-Graf, Gabriele Schackert, Manfred Westphal, Anne Hertenstein, Patrick Roth, Norbert Galldiks, Christian Hartmann, Torsten Pietsch, Joerg Felsberg, Guido Reifenberger, Michael Christoph Sabel, Frank Winkler, Andreas von Deimling, Christoph Meisner, Peter Vajkoczy, Michael Platten, Michael Weller, Christoph Plass, Wolfgang Wick
The outcome of patients with anaplastic gliomas varies considerably depending on single molecular markers, such as mutations of the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) genes, as well as molecular classifications based on epigenetic or genetic profiles. Remarkably, 98% of the RNA within a cell is not translated into proteins. Of those, especially microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown not only to have a major influence on physiologic processes but also to be deregulated and prognostic in malignancies.To find novel survival markers and treatment options we performed unbiased DNA methylation screens that revealed 12 putative miRNA promoter regions with differential DNA methylation in anaplastic gliomas...
November 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880868/origin-and-evolution-of-the-metazoan-non-coding-regulatory-genome
#9
REVIEW
Federico Gaiti, Andrew D Calcino, Miloš Tanurdžić, Bernard M Degnan
Animals rely on genomic regulatory systems to direct the dynamic spatiotemporal and cell-type specific gene expression that is essential for the development and maintenance of a multicellular lifestyle. Although it is widely appreciated that these systems ultimately evolved from genomic regulatory mechanisms present in single-celled stem metazoans, it remains unclear how this occurred. Here, we focus on the contribution of the non-coding portion of the genome to the evolution of animal gene regulation, specifically on recent insights from non-bilaterian metazoan lineages, and unicellular and colonial holozoan sister taxa...
November 20, 2016: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867363/a-comparative-review-of-microrna-expression-patterns-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Steven D Hicks, Frank A Middleton
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a wide spectrum of deficits in social interaction, communication, and behavior. There is a significant genetic component to ASD, yet no single gene variant accounts for >1% of incidence. Posttranscriptional mechanisms such as microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression without altering the genetic code. They are abundant in the developing brain and are dysregulated in children with ASD. Patterns of miRNA expression are altered in the brain, blood, saliva, and olfactory precursor cells of ASD subjects...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853382/genetic-variation-rs7930-in-the-mir-4273-5p-target-site-is-associated-with-a-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#11
Ah-Reum Lee, Jongkeun Park, Keum Ji Jung, Sun Ha Jee, Sungjoo Kim-Yoon
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs that play roles as tumor suppressors or oncogenes by regulating the expression of target genes via binding to seed-match sequences. Polymorphisms in the miRNA-binding site of a target gene can alter miRNA binding and potentially affect the risk of cancer. The objective of this study was to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNA-binding sites and assess their involvement in the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SNPs in the 3' untranslated regions of genes were selected and assessed for their effects on CRC risk in Korean population using participants in Korean Cancer Prevention Study-II...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833853/mouse-specific-up-regulation-of-ccnb1-expression-by-mir-199a-5p-in-keratinocyte
#12
Bong-Kyu Kim, Injung Kim, Ah-Reum Lee, Hye-In Yoo, Sungjoo Kim Yoon
MicroRNA (miRNA) are a class of single-stranded, small non-coding RNA that regulate various biological processes, including skin and hair cycle regulation, by modulating the expression of specific genes at the post-transcriptional level. Recently, several studies reported that miRNA directly or indirectly up-regulate target genes. Previously, we performed microarray analysis to identify the target genes of miR-199a-5p in a mouse skin keratinocyte cell line and detected more than 200 genes whose expression was significantly increased by miR-199a-5p overexpression (> 1...
November 2016: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826931/guidelines-on-designing-microrna-sponges-from-construction-to-stable-cell-line
#13
Manoela Marques Ortega, Hakim Bouamar
Single microRNA (miRNA) can be inhibited using antagomiR which efficiently knockdown a specific miRNA. However, the effect is transient and often results in subtle phenotype. Here we report a guideline on designing miRNA sponge inhibiting a miRNA family. As a model system, we targeted miR-30 family, known as tumor suppressor miRNAs in multiple tumors. To achieve an efficient knockdown, we generated perfect and bulged-matched miRNA binding sites (MBS) and introduced multiple copies of MBS. The protocol here demonstrates the miRNA sponge as a useful tool to examine the functional impact of inhibition miRNAs...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826142/mirna-expression-profiles-in-the-brains-of-mice-infected-with-scrapie-agents-139a-me7-and-s15
#14
Chen Gao, Jing Wei, Bao-Yun Zhang, Qiang Shi, Cao Chen, Jing Wang, Qi Shi, Xiao-Ping Dong
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a class of non-coding endogenous small-molecule single-stranded RNA that regulates complementary mRNA through degradation or translation of the mRNA targets. Usually, miRNAs show remarkable cell and tissues specificity. Recently, alterations in a set of miRNAs in the brains of patients with certain neurodegenerative diseases, including prion diseases, have been reported. In this study, using deep sequencing technology, miRNA expression profiles in the brains of mice infected with scrapie agents 139A, ME7 and S15 at a terminal stage were comparatively analysed...
November 9, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825117/genetic-variants-in-micrornas-predict-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-prognosis-in-chinese-female-population-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Xia Lingzi, Yin Zhihua, Li Xuelian, Ren Yangwu, Zhang Haibo, Zhao Yuxia, Zhou Baosen
To investigate the prognostic effect of microRNA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, 658 female participants from northeast China were enrolled in our prospective cohort study and followed up from 2010 to 2015. C-containing genotypes of miR-149 rs2292832 were associated with better overall survival (OS). The joint effect of miR-149 and miR-196a2 and the joint effect of miR-149 and miR-608 were also observed in our study. To verify the function of miR-149 rs2292832, A549 cell lines were stably transfected with lenti-virus containing miR-149-C vector, miR-149-T vector and empty vector...
November 4, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819521/microrna-326-sensitizes-human-glioblastoma-cells-to-curcumin-via-the-shh-gli1-signaling-pathway
#16
Shi Yin, Wenzhong Du, Feng Wang, Bo Han, Yuqiong Cui, Dongbo Yang, Hui Chen, Daming Liu, Xing Liu, Chuanlu Jiang
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant and common brain tumor in adults and is characterized by poor survival and high resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Among the new chemotherapy drugs, curcumin, a popular dietary supplement, has proven to have a potent anticancer effect on a variety of cancer cell types; however, it remains difficult to achieve a satisfactory therapeutic effect with curcumin using the traditional single-drug treatment. In this study, we found that expression of miR-326, a tumor suppressor microRNA in various tumor types, resulted in a marked increase of curcumin-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis and a decrease of proliferation and migration in glioma cells...
November 7, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815534/biological-roles-of-micrornas-in-the-control-of-insulin-secretion-and-action
#17
Sophie Calderari, Malika Diawara, Alois Garaud, Dominique Gauguier
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are intracellular and circulating molecular components contributing to genome expression control through binding mRNA targets, which generally results in downregulated mRNA expression. One miRNA can target several mRNAs and one transcript can be targeted by several miRNAs, resulting in complex fine tuning of regulation of gene networks and signaling pathways. miRNAs regulate metabolism, adipocyte differentiation, pancreatic development, β-cell mass, insulin biosynthesis, secretion and signaling and their role in diabetes and obesity is emerging...
November 4, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813669/micrornas-and-the-evolution-of-insect-metamorphosis
#18
Xavier Belles
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of a number of processes associated with metamorphosis, either in the less modified hemimetabolan mode or in the more modified holometabolan mode. The miR-100/let-7/miR-125 cluster has been studied extensively, especially in relation to wing morphogenesis in both hemimetabolan and holometabolan species. Other miRNAs also participate in wing morphogenesis, as well as in programmed cell and tissue death, neuromaturation, neuromuscular junction formation, and neuron cell fate determination, typically during the pupal stage of holometabolan species...
October 28, 2016: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813602/association-of-mir-196a2-mir-27a-and-mir-499-polymorphisms-with-isolated-congenital-heart-disease-in-a-chinese-population
#19
K Yu, Y Ji, H Wang, Q K Xuan, B B Li, J J Xiao, W Sun, X Q Kong
We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in certain microRNAs contribute to congenital heart disease (CHD) phenotypes. Five hundred and seventy-three subjects were enrolled in this study. DNA extracted from peripheral blood cells was used for SNP genotyping of miR-196a2 (rs11614913), miR-27a (rs11671784, rs895819), and miR-499 (rs3746444). Allele and genotype association analyses were performed to evaluate the correlation between certain microRNA SNPs and three phenotypes of isolated CHD: atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812928/identification-of-mirnas-as-non-invasive-biomarkers-for-early-diagnosis-of-lung-cancers
#20
Wenzhe Wang, Weili Li, Mingjian Ding, Haining Yuan, Jian Yang, Wen Meng, Er Jin, Xiaoju Wang, Shenglin Ma
Current clinical diagnostic methods lack the specificity in detecting lung cancer patients. The issue is particularly critical for stage I and II patients. Considerable evidence showed microRNA plays a very important role in lung carcinogenesis. Here, we identified a panel of 41 miRNAs significantly elevated in patients with lung cancer, of which eight miRNAs were further validated in an independent sample cohort. Classification analysis using the panel of eight miRNAs generated a discriminatory power of 93...
November 3, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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