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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777456/distal-bowel-re-feeding-in-patients-with-proximal-jejunostomy
#1
Anand Nagar, Siddharth Mehrotra, Amitabh Yadav, Vivek Mangla, Shailendra Lalwani, Naimish Mehta, Samiran Nundy
BACKGROUND: Patients who have a proximal jejunostomy are difficult to manage because of their high stoma output which results in fluid and electrolyte imbalance with repeated hospital admissions and the necessity for expensive parenteral nutrition (PN). There are few reports on the use of re-feeding of the proximal effluents in this situation. METHODS: We here relate our experience with this manoeuvre in 35 patients between Jan 2010 and Feb 2016 who had stomas less than 120 cm away from the duodenojejunal flexure...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777268/defunctioning-stomas-result-in-significantly-more-short-term-complications-following-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#2
Andrew Emmanuel, Ezzat Chohda, Christo Lapa, Andrew Miles, Amyn Haji, Joe Ellul
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that defunctioning stomas reduce the rate of anastomotic leakage and urgent reoperations after anterior resection. Although the magnitude of benefit appears to be limited, there has been a trend in recent years towards routinely creating defunctioning stomas. However, little is known about post-operative complication rates in patients with and without a defunctioning stoma. We compared overall short-term post-operative complications after low anterior resection in patients managed with a defunctioning stoma to those managed without a stoma...
May 17, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775491/effects-of-a-home-care-mobile-app-on-the-outcomes-of-discharged-patients-with-a-stoma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Qing-Qing Wang, Jing Zhao, Xiao-Rong Huo, Ling Wu, Li-Fang Yang, Ju-Yun Li, Jie Wang
AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore the effects of a home care mobile app on the outcomes of stoma patients who discharged from hospital. BACKGROUND: Patients with a newly formed stoma experience many difficulties after surgery. Mobile application (app) has the potential to help patients self-manage their diseases and adjust to the changes in their lives and is a convenient way to ensure the continuity of care. However, there is a lack of studies about the effects of a mobile app on the transitional care for improving discharged stoma-related health outcomes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774941/-meta-analysis-of-gastric-stump-cancer-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#4
Yongbai Li, Zhidong Gao, Xuesong Zhao, Bo Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Shan Wang, Kewei Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric stump cancer (GSC) following subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, to compare the clinicopathologic differences between narrow GSC and generalized GSC, and to compare the prognosis between GSC and primary proximal gastric cancer (PPGC) after radical resection. METHODS: Literatures of GSC-associated clinical study were searched by computer from the Cochrane Library, Medline, PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases, and the retrieval period was from the establishment of database to December 31, 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774937/-application-of-robotic-surgery-to-treat-carcinoma-in-the-remnant-stomach
#5
Feng Qian, Jiajia Liu, Junyan Liu, Junyan Fan, Yongliang Zhao, Yan Shi, Yingxue Hao, Peiwu Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical techniques and feasibility of robotic surgery for carcinoma in the remnant stomach(CRS). METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 20 CRS patients undergoing robotic surgery at the Minimally Invasive Center for Gastrointestinal Surgery, Army Medical University Southwest Hospital from November 2012 to October 2017 were retrospectively collected. The surgical methods, procedures, main difficulties, and key techniques were analyzed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771797/measuring-in-hospital-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery-within-a-well-established-enhanced-recovery-pathway-a-comparison-between-hospital-length-of-stay-and-time-to-readiness-for-discharge
#6
Saba Balvardi, Nicolò Pecorelli, Tanya Castelino, Petru Niculiseanu, A Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Barry Stein, Franco Carli, Nancy E Mayo, Liane S Feldman, Julio F Fiore
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay is often used as a measure of in-hospital recovery but may be confounded by organizational factors. Time to readiness for discharge may provide a superior index of recovery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to contribute evidence for the construct validity of time to readiness for discharge and length of stay as measures of in-hospital recovery after colorectal surgery in the context of a well-established enhanced recovery pathway...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765592/an-unusual-cause-for-small-bowel-obstruction-as-a-complication-of-an-ileostomy-formation
#7
Noel Ramdwar, Daniel Cox, Thair Aldujaili
Ileostomy formation is a fundamental component in the surgical management of many gastrointestinal diseases and like all intra-abdominal surgeries, small bowel obstruction is a recognized complication. In this paper we discuss a case of a 44-year-old female who previously had a loop ileostomy for slow bowel transit in the presence of spinal bifida. She presented for subsequent total colectomy because of ongoing pain due to chronic colonic dilation. At surgery, the stoma was not revised and the efferent loop was divided at the peritoneal level of the anterior abdominal wall...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761152/the-challenging-acute-buried-bumper-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Juliana Pinho, Diogo Libânio, Pedro Pimentel-Nunes, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred route of feeding and nutritional support in patients requiring long-term enteral nutrition. Major complications related to the procedure are rare. Buried bumper syndrome is a late major complication, occurring in 0.3-2.4% of patients. Although considered a late complication, it can rarely occur in an acute setting early after the procedure. We present the case of an early buried bumper syndrome, presenting 1 week after PEG tube placement, with local stoma infection associated with an infected cavity within the abdominal wall with feeding content, successfully managed with antibiotic therapy and PEG tube repositioning through the original track...
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756013/colonic-stent-versus-emergency-surgery-as-treatment-of-malignant-colonic-obstruction-in-the-palliative-setting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Igor Braga Ribeiro, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Bruno da Costa Martins, Diogo Touriani Hourneau de Moura, Elisa Ryoka Baba, Iatagan Rocha Josino, Nelson Tomio Miyahima, Martin Andrés Coronel Cordero, Thiago Arantes de Carvalho Visconti, Edson Ide, Paulo Sakai, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneau de Moura
Background and study aims : Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy and the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Malignant colonic obstruction (MCO) due to CRC occurs in 8 % to 29 % of patients.The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs comparing colonic SEMS versus emergency surgery (ES) for MCO in palliative patients. This was the first systematic review that included only randomized controlled trials in the palliative setting...
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755707/decolonization-of-intestinal-carriage-of-mdr-xdr-gram-negative-bacteria-with-oral-colistin-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Igor Stoma, Igor Karpov, Igor Iskrov, Svetlana Krivenko, Anatoly Uss, Svetlana Vlasenkova, Irina Lendina, Veronika Cherniak, Dmitrii Suvorov
Background: Intestinal colonization by MDR/XDR gram-negative bacteria leads to an increased risk of subsequent bloodstream infections (BSI) in patients receiving chemotherapy as a treatment for hematologic malignancies. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral colistin in eradicating the intestinal carriage of MDR/XDR Gram-negative bacteria in patients with hematological malignancies. Methods: In a tertiary hematology center, adult patients with intestinal colonization by MDR/XDR Gram-negative bacteria were included in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) during a period from November 2016 to October 2017...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755692/defunctioning-ileostomy-reduces-leakage-rate-in-rectal-cancer-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Magdalena Pisarska, Natalia Gajewska, Piotr Małczak, Michał Wysocki, Jan Witowski, Grzegorz Torbicz, Piotr Major, Magdalena Mizera, Marcin Dembiński, Marcin Migaczewski, Andrzej Budzyński, Michał Pędziwiatr
Objectives: The role of a defunctioning ileostomy in every anterior rectal resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to review the current literature to determine the impact of ileostomy creation on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing anterior rectal resection with TME. Methods: MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies. We analyzed data up to October 2017. Eligible studies had to compare patients with vs...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754623/surgical-management-of-parastomal-hernias
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Colvin, Steven Rosenblatt
Parastomal hernias are a common complication after ostomy formation that can require surgical repair when they become symptomatic. Operative planning and a thorough understanding of the anatomy of the abdominal wall are important. Simple fascial repair is associated with an unacceptably high recurrence rate and should be used as a temporary measure only. Stoma relocation has a high recurrence rate. Prophylactic mesh can and should be used. At this time, the use of mesh is considered the standard of care in the repair of parastomal hernias...
June 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754617/role-of-prophylactic-mesh-placement-for-laparotomy-and-stoma-creation
#13
REVIEW
Irfan A Rhemtulla, Charles A Messa, Fabiola A Enriquez, William W Hope, John P Fischer
Incisional and parastomal hernias are a cause of significant morbidity and have a substantial effect on quality of life and economic costs for patients and hospital systems. Although many aspects of abdominal hernias are understood, prevention is a feature that is still being realized. This article reviews the current literature and determines the utility of prophylactic mesh placement in prevention of incisional and parastomal hernias.
June 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751360/intact-intraoperative-fluorescence-angiography-ifa-to-prevent-anastomotic-leak-in-rectal-cancer-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
G Armstrong, J Croft, N Corrigan, J M Brown, V Goh, P Quirke, C Hulme, D Tolan, A Kirby, R Cahill, R O'Connell, D Miskovic, M Coleman, D G Jayne
PURPOSE: Anastomotic leak (AL) is a major complication of rectal cancer surgery. Despite advances in surgical practice, rates of AL have remained static at around 10-15%. The aetiology of AL is multifactorial, but one of the most crucial risk factors, which is mostly under the control of the surgeon, is blood supply to the anastomosis. The MRC/NIHR IntAct study will determine whether assessment of anastomotic perfusion using a fluorescent dye (Indocyanine Green) and near-infrared laparoscopy can minimise the rate of anastomotic leak as compared to conventional white light laparoscopy...
May 11, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747054/a-modification-of-the-bjork-flap-in-tracheostomies-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#15
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Leo Stassen
The etymology of the word tracheotomy derives from two Ancient Greek words: the word trachea (Greek τραχɛία tracheía) and the word stoma (Greek στóμα stóma) meaning "mouth," and refers to the making of an opening. It is believed that an early tracheostomy was performed by the Greek physician Asclepiades of Bithynia, in order to treat upper airway obstruction. A secure airway in the intraoperative and early postoperative period is of paramount importance for a number patients undergoing head and neck cancer surgery...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743841/intraoperative-inspection-alone-is-a-reliable-guide-to-the-choice-of-surgical-procedure-for-enteroenteric-fistulas-in-crohn-s-disease
#16
Zhen Guo, Xingchen Cai, Ruiqing Liu, Jianfeng Gong, Yi Li, Lei Cao, Weiming Zhu
Background/Aims: Resection of the diseased segment and suture of the victim segment is recommended for enteroenteric fistula in Crohn's disease (CD). The main difficulty in this procedure remains reliable diagnosis of the victim segment, especially for fistulas found intraoperatively and inaccessible on endoscopic examination. We aimed to explore whether intraoperative inspection alone is reliable. Methods: Patients undergoing conservative surgery between 2011 and 2016 for enteroenteric fistulas complicating CD were identified from a prospectively maintained database...
April 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743830/predicting-outcomes-to-optimize-disease-management-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-japan-their-differences-and-similarities-to-western-countries
#17
REVIEW
Taku Kobayashi, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Yasuo Suzuki, Haruhiko Ogata, Akira Andoh, Toshimitsu Araki, Ryota Hokari, Hideki Iijima, Hiroki Ikeuchi, Yoh Ishiguro, Shingo Kato, Reiko Kunisaki, Takayuki Matsumoto, Satoshi Motoya, Masakazu Nagahori, Shiro Nakamura, Hiroshi Nakase, Tomoyuki Tsujikawa, Makoto Sasaki, Kaoru Yokoyama, Naoki Yoshimura, Kenji Watanabe, Miiko Katafuchi, Mamoru Watanabe, Toshifumi Hibi
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, with increasing prevalence worldwide. IBD Ahead is an international educational program that aims to explore questions commonly raised by clinicians about various areas of IBD care and to consolidate available published evidence and expert opinion into a consensus for the optimization of IBD management. Given differences in the epidemiology, clinical and genetic characteristics, management, and prognosis of IBD between patients in Japan and the rest of the world, this statement was formulated as the result of literature reviews and discussions among Japanese experts as part of the IBD Ahead program to consolidate statements of factors for disease prognosis in IBD...
April 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742862/trephine-transverse-colostomy-is-effective-for-patients-who-have-previously-undergone-rectal-surgery
#18
Seung-Seop Yeom, Chan Wook Kim, Sung Woo Jung, Se Heon Oh, Jong Lyul Lee, Yong Sik Yoon, In Ja Park, Seok-Byung Lim, Chang Sik Yu, Jin Cheon Kim
PURPOSE: Colostomy creation is an essential procedure for colorectal surgeons, but the preferred method of colostomy varies by surgeon. We compared the outcomes of trephine colostomy creation with open those for the (laparotomy) and laparoscopic methods and evaluated appropriate indications for a trephine colostomy and the advantages of the technique. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 263 patients who had undergone colostomy creation by trephine, open and laparoscopic approaches between April 2006 and March 2016...
April 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741977/laparoscopic-pelvic-exenteration-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-technique-and-short-term-outcomes
#19
Ashish Pokharkar, Praveen Kammar, Ashwin D'souza, Rahul Bhamre, Pavan Sugoor, Avanish Saklani
BACKGROUND: Since last two decades minimally invasive techniques have revolutionized surgical field. In 2003 Pomel first described laparoscopic pelvic exenteration, since then very few reports have described minimally invasive approaches for total pelvic exenteration. METHODS: We report the 10 cases of locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma which were operated between the periods from March 1, 2017 to November 11, 2017 at the Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai. All male patients had lower rectal cancer with prostate involvement on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738710/mute-directly-orchestrates-cell-state-switch-and-the-single-symmetric-division-to-create-stomata
#20
Soon-Ki Han, Xingyun Qi, Kei Sugihara, Jonathan H Dang, Takaho A Endo, Kristen L Miller, Eun-Deok Kim, Takashi Miura, Keiko U Torii
Precise cell division control is critical for developmental patterning. For the differentiation of a functional stoma, a cellular valve for efficient gas exchange, the single symmetric division of an immediate precursor is absolutely essential. Yet, the mechanism governing this event remains unclear. Here we report comprehensive inventories of gene expression by the Arabidopsis bHLH protein MUTE, a potent inducer of stomatal differentiation. MUTE switches the gene expression program initiated by SPEECHLESS...
May 7, 2018: Developmental Cell
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