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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749596/climate-change-climate-justice-and-environmental-health-implications-for-the-nursing-profession
#1
Patrice K Nicholas, Suellen Breakey
PURPOSE: Climate change is an emerging challenge linked to negative outcomes for the environment and human health. Since the 1960s, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address climate change and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions implicated in the warming of our planet. There are also deleterious health outcomes linked to complex climate changes that are emerging in the 21st century. This article addresses the social justice issues associated with climate change and human health and discussion of climate justice...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749453/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-improves-patient-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-in-cirrhosis
#2
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Michael Ellwood, Timothy Ainger, Thomas Burroughs, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Douglas M Heuman, Michael Fuchs, Binu John, James B Wade
OBJECTIVES: Patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are impaired in cirrhosis due to under-treated mood and sleep disorders, which can adversely impact their caregivers. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can improve patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in non-cirrhotic patients but their impact in cirrhosis is unclear. To evaluate the effect of MBSR and supportive group therapy on mood, sleep and HRQOL in cirrhotic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Cirrhotic outpatients with mild depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)>14) on screening with an adult caregiver were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749441/stages-of-behavioral-change-for-reducing-sodium-intake-in-korean-consumers-comparison-of-characteristics-based-on-social-cognitive-theory
#3
So-Hyun Ahn, Jong Sook Kwon, Kyungmin Kim, Hye-Kyeong Kim
High sodium intake increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Given the importance of behavioral changes to reducing sodium intake, this study aims to investigate the stages of change and the differences in cognitive and behavioral characteristics by stage in Korean consumers. Adult participants (N = 3892) completed a questionnaire on the stages of behavioral change, recognition of social efforts, outcome expectancy, barriers to practice, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors, and self-efficiency related to reduced sodium intake...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749421/dsm-5-changes-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-implications-for-comorbid-sleep-issues
#4
REVIEW
Ujjwal P Ramtekkar
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. Despite significant comorbidity, the previous diagnostic criteria prohibited the simultaneous diagnosis of both disorders. Sleep problems are highly prevalent in both disorders; however, these have been studied independently for ADHD and ASD. In the context of revised criteria in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) that allows combined diagnosis of ADHD and ASD, this short review presents an overview of relationship between sleep problems, ADHD and ASD, as well as conceptualizing the shared pathophysiology...
July 27, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749371/probing-dimensionality-using-a-simplified-4-probe-method
#5
Snorre Braathen Kjeldby Braathen Kjeldby, Otto Magnus Evenstad, Simon Phillip Cooil, Justin William Wells
4-probe electrical measurements have been in existence for many decades. One of the most useful aspects of the 4-probe method is that it is not only possible to find the resistivity of a sample (independently of the contact resistances), but that it is also possible to probe the dimensionality of the sample. In theory, this is straightforward to achieve, by measuring the 4-probe resistance as a function of probe separation. In practice, it is challenging to move all four probes with sufficient precision over the necessary range...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749248/update-in-perioperative-medicine-practice-changing-evidence-published-in-2016
#6
Dennis W Regan, Deanne Kashiwagi, Brian Dougan, Karna Sundsted, Karen Mauck
This summary reviews 18 key articles published in 2016 which have significant practice implications for the perioperative medical care of surgical patients. Due to the multi-disciplinary nature of the practice of perioperative medicine, important new evidence is published in journals representing a variety of medical and surgical specialties. Keeping current with the evidence that drives best practice in perioperative medicine is therefore challenging. We set out to identify, critically review, and summarize key evidence which has the most potential for practice change...
July 27, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749247/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-hygiene-promotion-program-in-a-rural-salvadoran-setting
#7
Elizabeth L Andrade, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Mark C Edberg, Kathryn L Zoerhoff, Emily M Putzer
There has been considerable progress in the reduction of diarrheal disease among children under five through health and nutrition interventions. However, diarrheal disease is still the second leading cause of child death worldwide. There is growing recognition that comprehensive hygiene behavior improvements should be integral to prevention efforts, but the effectiveness of different approaches for hygiene promotion is still being established. Hygiene risk practices vary across settings, suggesting that prevention strategies should be adapted to local contexts using community-based approaches...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749148/death-narratives-and-cervical-cancer-impact-of-character-death-on-narrative-processing-and-hpv-vaccination
#8
Melinda Krakow, Robert N Yale, Debora Perez Torres, Katheryn Christy, Jakob D Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Narratives hold promise as an effective public health message strategy for health behavior change, yet research on what types of narratives are most persuasive is still in the formative stage. Narrative persuasion research has identified 2 promising features of such messages that could influence behavior: whether characters live or die, and whether characters encounter key barriers. This study investigated the effects of these 2 narrative message features on young women's HPV vaccination intentions and examined mediating psychological processes of narrative persuasion in the context of cervical cancer messages...
July 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748995/-effects-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-in-chilean-high-schoolers
#9
Álvaro I Langer, Carlos Schmidt, José Manuel Aguilar-Parra, Cristian Cid, Antonella Magni
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been conceptualized as paying attention to present moment experience in a non-judgmental manner, and the practice of developing that skill. AIM: To determine the impact of a mindfulness-based intervention on negative emotional states of anxiety, stress, and depression in Chilean high schoolers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-eight teenagers aged 13 ± 0.6 years (46 females) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness group or a control (41 and 47, respectively)...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748919/changing-concepts-in-hypertension-management
#10
REVIEW
P S Gudsoorkar, S W Tobe
Hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death, and lowering blood pressure with anti-hypertensive drugs reduces target organ damage and prevents cardiovascular disease outcomes. The recent trials SPRINT and HOPE-3 will lead to changes in the way we manage hypertension and impact on clinical practice guidelines. These studies also demonstrate the shift toward automated blood pressure measurements. We have reviewed these studies and others to put them in context with the guidelines that have come before and to describe how they will impact on hypertension treatment thresholds and targets, the treatment of hypertension in the elderly, and changing approaches to the management of hypertension including resistant hypertension...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748762/post-cardiovascular-surgery-atrial-fibrillation-biomarkers-determining-prognosis
#11
Olivia Manfrini, Edina Cenko, Beatrice Ricci, Raffaele Bugiardini
New onset of atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiovascular surgery is associated with increased risk of complications and length of hospital stay. Identification of patients at high risk of post cardiovascular surgery AF may help to act with preventive strategies having clinical and economic relevance. Many factors such as cardiac remodelling, changes in atrial pressure, surgery trauma, inflammation, oxidative stress, and sympathetic/parasympathetic activation have been implicated in the development of post cardiovascular surgery...
July 27, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748738/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-disease-self-management-among-older-adults-residing-in-subsidized-housing
#12
Katherine Petroka, Rania Campbell-Bussiere, Dan K Dychtwald, Brandy-Joe Milliron
BACKGROUND: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing. AIM: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748723/applying-positive-deviance-for-improving-compliance-to-adolescent-anemia-control-program-in-tribal-communities-of-india
#13
Vani Sethi, Monique Sternin, Deepika Sharma, Arti Bhanot, Saba Mebrahtu
BACKGROUND: Positive deviance (PD) is an asset-based social and behavior change communication strategy, utilizing successful outliers within a specific context. It has been applied to tackling major public health problems but not adolescent anemia. OBJECTIVE: The study, first of its kind, used PD to improve compliance to adolescent anemia control program in Jharkhand, India, where anemia prevalence in adolescent girls is 70%, and program compliance is low. METHODS: With leadership of state government, the study was designed and implemented by a multidisciplinary 42 member PD team, in Khunti district, in 2014...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748598/an-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-therapy-in-reducing-general-psychological-distress-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-conditions-and-comorbid-mental-health-problems
#14
Sarah H Blainey, Freya Rumball, Louise Mercer, Lauren Jayne Evans, Alison Beck
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of psychological therapy in reducing psychological distress for adults with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) and co-morbid mental health conditions in routine clinical practice. To explore the effect of individual characteristics and service factors on change in general distress. METHOD: In a specialist psychological therapies service for adults with ASC, the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) self-report questionnaire of psychological distress is completed by clients at start and end of therapy...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748587/from-risk-and-harm-reduction-to-decriminalizing-abortion-the-uruguayan-model-for-women-s-rights
#15
Leonel Briozzo
OBJECTIVE: To describe public policies, social actions, particularly those of obstetricians/gynecologists, and changes in abortion-related legislation in the different historical periods between 1990 and 2015, and to analyze temporal correlations with a reduction in maternal mortality. METHODS: The 1990-2015 period was divided into three different stages to permit evaluation of the legislation, health regulations, healthcare system, and professional practices related to the care provided in cases of unsafe abortion: 1990-2001, characterized by illegality and the healthcare system's denial of abortion; 2001-2012, when the model for reducing the risk and harm of unsafe abortions was developed; and 2012-2015, when abortion was finally decriminalized...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748468/nmr-and-ms-methods-for-metabolomics
#16
Alexander Amberg, Björn Riefke, Götz Schlotterbeck, Alfred Ross, Hans Senn, Frank Dieterle, Matthias Keck
Metabolomics, also often referred as "metabolic profiling," is the systematic profiling of metabolites in biofluids or tissues of organisms and their temporal changes. In the last decade, metabolomics has become more and more popular in drug development, molecular medicine, and other biotechnology fields, since it profiles directly the phenotype and changes thereof in contrast to other "-omics" technologies. The increasing popularity of metabolomics has been possible only due to the enormous development in the technology and bioinformatics fields...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748386/effect-of-denosumab-on-trabecular-bone-score-in-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis
#17
M R McClung, K Lippuner, M L Brandi, J R Zanchetta, H G Bone, R Chapurlat, D Hans, A Wang, C Zapalowski, C Libanati
Trabecular bone score (TBS) assesses bone quality in the lumbar spine using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, denosumab significantly improved TBS independently of bone mineral density (BMD). This practical technique may have a role in managing patients with osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: TBS, a gray-level texture index determined from lumbar spine DXA scans, correlates with bone microarchitecture and enhances assessment of vertebral fracture risk independently of BMD...
July 26, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748256/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-in-interventional-neuroradiology
#18
Anil Arat, Ergun Daglioglu, Ilkay Akmangit, Ahmet Peker, Murat Arsava, Mehmet Akif Topcuoglu, Deniz Belen
PURPOSE: Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) have changed practice patterns in cardiology. These resorbable stents have not yet been utilized in the cerebrovascular circulation. We report the initial experiences with these devices in interventional neuroradiology. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical presentations, imaging findings and follow-up results of all patients treated using a BVS by our neurovascular team was carried out using hospital electronic charts and the hospital radiographic archive system...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748124/practice-makes-efficient-cortical-alpha-oscillations-are-associated-with-improved-golf-putting-performance
#19
Germano Gallicchio, Andrew Cooke, Christopher Ring
Practice of a motor skill results in improved performance and decreased movement awareness. The psychomotor efficiency hypothesis proposes that the development of motor expertise through practice is accompanied by physiological refinements whereby irrelevant processes are suppressed and relevant processes are enhanced. The present study employed a test-retest design to evaluate the presence of greater neurophysiological efficiency with practice and mediation analyses to identify the factors accounting for performance improvements, in a golf putting task...
February 2017: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748106/a-feasibility-study-of-a-theory-based-intervention-to-improve-appropriate-polypharmacy-for-older-people-in-primary-care
#20
Cathal A Cadogan, Cristín Ryan, Gerard J Gormley, Jill J Francis, Peter Passmore, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M Hughes
BACKGROUND: A general practitioner (GP)-targeted intervention aimed at improving the prescribing of appropriate polypharmacy for older people was previously developed using a systematic, theory-based approach based on the UK Medical Research Council's complex intervention framework. The primary intervention component comprised a video demonstration of a GP prescribing appropriate polypharmacy during a consultation with an older patient. The video was delivered to GPs online and included feedback emphasising the positive outcomes of performing the behaviour...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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