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empathy and medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716384/a-review-of-empathy-its-importance-and-its-teaching-in-surgical-training
#1
Jing L Han, Theodore N Pappas
BACKGROUND: There has been much discussion in the medical literature about the importance of empathy and physician communication style in medical practice. Empathy has been shown to have a very real positive effect on patient outcomes. Most of the existing literature speaks to its role in medical education, with relatively little empiric study about empathy in the surgical setting. OBJECTIVE: Review of empathy and its importance as it pertains to the surgeon-patient relationship and improving patient outcomes, and the need for increased education in empathy during surgical training...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707631/-in-our-own-words-defining-medical-professionalism-from-a-latin-american-perspective
#2
Klaus Puschel, Paula Repetto, Margarita Bernales, Jorge Barros, Ivan Perez, Linda Snell
BACKGROUND: Latin America has experienced a tremendous growth in a number of medical schools, and there are concerns about their quality of training in critical areas such as professionalism. Medical professionalism is a cultural construct. The aim of the study was to compare published definitions of medical professionalism from Latin American and non-Latin American regions and to design an original and culturally sound definition. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used with three phases...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704203/nurturing-virtues-of-the-medical-profession-does-it-enhance-medical-students-empathy
#3
Marcelo Schweller, Diego Lima Ribeiro, Eloisa Valer Celeri, Marco Antonio de Carvalho-Filho
Objectives: To examine if the empathy levels of first-year medical students are amenable to didactic interventions idealized to promote values inherent to medical professional identity. Methods: This is a pretest-posttest study designed to assess the empathy levels of first-year medical students (n=166) comprising two consecutive classes of a Brazilian medical school, performed before and after a didactic intervention. Students attended a course based on values and virtues related to medical professional identity once a week over four months...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700021/nursing-management-practicum-impact-to-the-team-in-medical-surgical-units
#4
Clarice Maria Dall'Agnol, Andréia Peres de Oliveira, Adriana Serdotte Freitas Cardoso
Objective: Learn the perceptions of nursing professionals of a university hospital regarding the interactive process with nursing management practicum students. Methods: A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive study was conducted by means of 11 semi-structured interviews with nurses, nursing technicians and nursing aides in medical-surgical units. The information, collected between December 2013 and January 2014, was submitted to a thematic analysis and discussed according to Pichon-Rivière...
July 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657557/enhancing-student-empathetic-engagement-history-taking-and-communication-skills-during-electronic-medical-record-use-in-patient-care
#5
Alisa Alfonsi LoSasso, Courtney E Lamberton, Mary Sammon, Katherine T Berg, John W Caruso, Jonathan Cass, Mohammadreza Hojat
PURPOSE: To examine whether an intervention on proper use of electronic medical records (EMRs) in patient care could help improve medical students' empathic engagement, and to test the hypothesis that the training would reduce communication hurdles in clinical encounters. METHOD: Seventy third-year medical students from the Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University were randomly divided into intervention and control groups during their six-week pediatric clerkship in 2012-2013...
July 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645236/a-quantitative-study-of-empathy-in-pakistani-medical-students-a-multicentered-approach
#6
Nabia Tariq, Tariq Rasheed, Mohsen Tavakol
OBJECTIVE: To examine the empathy level of undergraduate medical students in Pakistan. Three hypotheses are developed based on the literature review. (1) Female medical students have a higher level of empathy than do male students. (2) Empathy scores vary during the medical school years in Pakistani students. (3) Medical students interested in people-oriented specialties would score higher than the students interested in technology-oriented specialties. METHODS: This is a quantitative inquiry approach using a cross-sectional design of 1453 students from 8 Pakistani medical schools, both private and state...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#7
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614041/effect-of-short-term-research-training-programs-on-medical-students-attitudes-toward-aging
#8
Dilip V Jeste, Julie Avanzino, Colin A Depp, Maja Gawronska, Xin Tu, Daniel D Sewell, Steven F Huege
Strategies to build a larger workforce of physicians dedicated to research on aging are needed. One method to address this shortage of physician scientists in geriatrics is short-term training in aging research for early-stage medical students. The authors examined the effects of two summer research training programs, funded by the National Institutes of Health, on medical students' attitudes toward aging, using the Carolina Opinions on Care of Older Adults (COCOA). The programs combined mentored research, didactics, and some clinical exposure...
June 14, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602567/medical-students-reflections-on-emotions-concerning-breaking-bad-news
#9
Asta Kristiina Toivonen, Sari Lindblom-Ylänne, Pekka Louhiala, Eeva Pyörälä
OBJECTIVES: To gain a deeper understanding of fourth year medical students' reflections on emotions in the context of breaking bad news (BBN). METHODS: During the years 2010-2012, students reflected on their emotions concerning BBN in a learning assignment at the end of the communications skills course. The students were asked to write a description of how they felt about a BBN case. The reflections were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: 351 students agreed to participate in the study...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601262/medical-students-communication-skills-in-clinical-education-results-from-a-cohort-study
#10
Cadja Bachmann, Silke Roschlaub, Sigrid Harendza, Rebecca Keim, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: To assess students' communication skills during clinical medical education and at graduation. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study from 2007 to 2011 with 26 voluntary undergraduate medical students at Hamburg University based on video-taped consultations in year four and at graduation. 176 consultations were analyzed quantitatively with validated and non-validated context-independent communication observation instruments (interrater reliability ≥0...
May 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581642/improving-visual-observation-skills-through-the-arts-to-aid-radiographic-interpretation-in-veterinary-practice-a-pilot-study
#11
Cathy Beck, Heather Gaunt, Neville Chiavaroli
Radiographic interpretation is a perceptual and cognitive skill. Recently core veterinary radiology textbooks have focused on the cognitive (i.e., the clinical aspects of radiographic interpretation) rather than the features of visual observation that improve identification of abnormalities. As a result, the skill of visual observation is underemphasized and thus often underdeveloped by trainees. The study of the arts in medical education has been used to train and improve visual observation and empathy. The use of the arts to improve visual observation skills in Veterinary Science has not been previously described...
June 5, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571167/gap-between-the-expectations-and-perceptions-of-students-regarding-the-educational-services-offered-in-a-school-of-nursing-and-midwifery
#12
Fariba Asefi, Masoumeh Delaram, Fatemeh Deris
INTRODUCTION: Awareness of students' opinions about the various aspects of training provided is an essential factor to evaluate the quality of education. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the gap between the students' expectations and perceptions from the educational services provided to them in the School of Nursing and Midwifery in Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 320 students were selected by stratified random sampling method and data were collected by SERVQUAL questionnaire to examine the areas of assurance, responsiveness, empathy, tangibles and confidence...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557952/measuring-medical-students-empathy-exploring-the-underlying-constructs-of-and-associations-between-two-widely-used-self-report-instruments-in-five-countries
#13
Patrício Costa, Marco Antonio de Carvalho-Filho, Marcelo Schweller, Pia Thiemann, Ana Salgueira, John Benson, Manuel João Costa, Thelma Quince
PURPOSE: Understanding medical student empathy is important to future patient care; however, the definition and development of clinical empathy remain unclear. The authors sought to examine the underlying constructs of two of the most widely used self-report instruments-Davis's Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy version for medical students (JSE-S)-plus, the distinctions and associations between these instruments. METHOD: Between 2007 and 2014, the authors administered the IRI and JSE-S in three separate studies in five countries, (Brazil, Ireland, New Zealand, Portugal, and the United Kingdom)...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557942/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#14
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557931/what-matters-more-about-the-interpersonal-reactivity-index-and-the-jefferson-scale-of-empathy-their-underlying-constructs-or-their-relationships-with-pertinent-measures-of-clinical-competence-and-patient-outcomes
#15
Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
In their study published in this issue of Academic Medicine, Costa and colleagues confirmed the underlying constructs of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) in medical students. The authors of this Commentary propose that in comparing two instruments that both purport to measure empathy, researchers or test users must pay close attention to the target populations, the conceptualizations of empathy, and the validity evidence in relation to pertinent criterion measures...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555115/long-term-results-from-the-empowering-a-multimodal-pathway-toward-healthy-youth-program-a-multimodal-school-based-approach-show-marked-reductions-in-suicidality-depression-and-anxiety-in-6-227-students-in-grades-6-12-aged-11-18
#16
Peter H Silverstone, Marni Bercov, Victoria Y M Suen, Andrea Allen, Ivor Cribben, Jodi Goodrick, Stu Henry, Catherine Pryce, Pieter Langstraat, Katherine Rittenbach, Samprita Chakraborty, Rutger C Engles, Christopher McCabe
Here, we report on findings from a 15-month follow-up of a school-based program called Empowering a Multimodal Pathway Toward Healthy Youth (EMPATHY). This was primarily intended to reduce suicidal thinking in pre-teens, adolescents, and youth students aged 11-18 in middle schools (Grades 6-8) and high SCHOOLS (Grades 9-12). It also aimed to reduce depression and anxiety. The EMPATHY multimodal program consisted of repeated data collection, identification of a high-risk group, a rapid intervention for this high-risk group including offering supervised online cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program, a universal CBT intervention for those in Grades 6-8, a variety of interactions with trained staff ("Resiliency Coaches"), and referral to external medical and psychiatric services where appropriate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#17
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493618/pondering-practice-enhancing-the-art-of-reflection
#18
Carolyn Hayes, Debra Jackson, Patricia M Davidson, John Daly, Tamara Power
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the effect that immersive simulation experiences and guided reflection can have on the undergraduate nurses' understanding of how stressful environments impact their emotions, performance and ability to implement safe administration of medications. BACKGROUND: Patient safety can be jeopardised if nurses are unsure of how to appropriately manage and respond to interruptions. Medication administration errors are a major patient safety issue and often occur as a consequence of ineffective interruption management...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490362/different-perceptions-of-narrative-medicine-between-western-and-chinese-medicine-students
#19
Chien-Da Huang, Kuo-Chen Liao, Fu-Tsai Chung, Hsu-Min Tseng, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Chung Lii, Han-Pin Kuo, San-Jou Yeh, Shih-Tseng Lee
BACKGROUND: Western medicine is an evidence-based science, whereas Chinese medicine is more of a healing art. To date, there has been no research that has examined whether students of Western and Chinese medicine differentially engage in, or benefit from, educational activities for narrative medicine. This study fills a gap in current literature with the aim of evaluating and comparing Western and Chinese Medicine students' perceptions of narrative medicine as an approach to learning empathy and professionalism...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487117/teaching-medical-students-to-express-empathy-by-exploring-patient-emotions-and-experiences-in-standardized-medical-encounters
#20
Roger Ruiz-Moral, Luis Pérula de Torres, Diana Monge, Cristina García Leonardo, Fernando Caballero
OBJECTIVES: To increase medical students' ability to detect contextual and emotional cues and to respond empathetically to patients. METHODS: a training course in communication skills and patient-centered care with different teaching activities (didactic, reflective and interactive: workshops and encounters with simulated patients) was delivered to third-year medical students just before their clerkships. The program was evaluated by an external observer (OE) and simulated patients (SP) in 2 or 3 videotaped encounters...
April 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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