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empathy and medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928348/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-jefferson-scale-of-empathy-health-professions-students-version-an-experience-with-developing-the-tamil-translation
#1
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Soundappan Kathirvel, Muthu K Prathibha
BACKGROUND: Empathy is a key cognitive attribute among healthcare professionals that fosters better patient- healthcare provider relationships. The Jefferson scale of empathy (JSE) measures self-rated empathy among various groups of healthcare professionals-health professionals, medical students and health professions students (HPS). The authors present the experience in translating the JSE-HPS version into an Indian regional language with insights into the issues faced in every step...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892175/-almost-forgetting-to-care-an-unanticipated-source-of-empathy-loss-in-clerkship
#2
Cheryl L Holmes, Harry Miller, Glenn Regehr
CONTEXT: The erosion of empathy in medical students is well documented. Both the hidden curriculum associated with poor role modelling and a sense of burnout have been proposed as key factors, but the precise mechanisms by which this loss of empathy occurs have not been elaborated. OBJECTIVES: In the context of a course designed to help students manage the hidden curriculum, we collected data that raised questions about current conceptualisations of the aspects of medical training that lead to loss of empathy...
July 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884471/the-complexity-of-empathy-during-medical-school-training-evidence-for-positive-changes
#3
Karen E Smith, Greg J Norman, Jean Decety
CONTEXT: Empathy is an essential aspect of clinical care, associated with improved patient satisfaction, increased adherence to treatment, and fewer malpractice complaints. Previous studies suggest that empathy declines during medical training. However, past research relied on a single narrowly operationalised, self-report measure of empathy. As empathy is a complex socio-emotional construct, it is critical to assess changes across its distinct components using multiple measures in order to better understand how it is influenced by medical training...
September 7, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883780/intended-career-choice-in-family-medicine-in-slovenia-an-issue-of-gender-family-background-or-empathic-attitudes-in-final-year-medical-students
#4
Marija Petek Ster, Polona Selic
BACKGROUND: Among a variety of complex factors affecting a decision to take family medicine as a future specialisation, this study focused on demographic characteristics and assessed empathic attitudes in final year medical students. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was employed in two consecutive academic years of final year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in May 2014 and May 2015. A modified version of the 16-item Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Student Version (JSE-S) was administered to examine self-reported empathic attitudes...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870022/playing-to-our-human-strengths-to-prepare-medical-students-for-the-future
#5
Julie Chen
We are living in an age where artificial intelligence and astounding technological advances are bringing truly remarkable change to healthcare. Medical knowledge and skills which form the core responsibility of doctors such as making diagnoses may increasingly be delivered by robots. Machines are gradually acquiring human abilities such as deep learning and empathy. What, then is the role of doctors in future healthcare? And what direction should medical schools be taking to prepare their graduates? This article will give an overview of the evolving technological landscape of healthcare and examine the issues undergraduate medical education may have to address...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870019/the-mediating-effect-of-calling-on-the-relationship-between-medical-school-students-academic-burnout-and-empathy
#6
Su Jin Chae, So Mi Jeong, Yoon-Sok Chung
PURPOSE: This study is aimed at identifying the relationships between medical school students' academic burnout, empathy, and calling, and determining whether their calling has a mediating effect on the relationship between academic burnout and empathy. METHODS: A mixed method study was conducted. One hundred twenty-seven medical students completed a survey. Scales measuring academic burnout, medical students' empathy, and calling were utilized. For statistical analysis, correlation analysis, descriptive statistics analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861884/cross-cultural-differences-in-mental-health-quality-of-life-empathy-and-burnout-between-us-and-brazilian-medical-students
#7
Giancarlo Lucchetti, Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, J Kevin Dorsey
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare mental health, quality of life, empathy, and burnout in medical students from a medical institution in the USA and another one in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-cultural study included students enrolled in the first and second years of their undergraduate medical training. We evaluated depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS 21), empathy, openness to spirituality, and wellness (ESWIM), burnout (Oldenburg), and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) and compared them between schools...
August 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861707/the-impact-of-a-required-longitudinal-stress-management-and-resilience-training-course-for-first-year-medical-students
#8
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Tait D Shanafelt, Ling Werner, Amit Sood, Daniel Satele, Alexandra P Wolanskyj
BACKGROUND: Although psychological distress is common among medical students, little remains known about effective interventions. One promising individual-focused approach is mindfulness-based stress management interventions; however, studies to date have relied on volunteers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a required longitudinal stress management and resilience course improves well-being among first-year medical students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study...
August 31, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839311/measuring-empathy-of-medical-students-studying-different-curricula-a-causal-comparative-study
#9
Ayesha Ayub, Rehan Ahmed Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in empathy level of undergraduate medical students studying two different curricula. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Independent Medical College of Faisalabad and Islamic International Medical Collegeof Islamabad, both in Pakistan, from July to September 2016. The two medical colleges had two different types of curriculum systems; the integrated modular system and the discipline-based curriculum. The Toronto empathy questionnaire was used to calculate empathy scores...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#10
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813524/medical-student-nursing-student-and-non-health-care-respondents-implicit-attitudes-toward-doctors-and-patients-development-and-a-pilot-study-of-a-new-implicit-attitudes-test-iat
#11
Alan Schwartz, Abdelhamid Mazouni
INTRODUCTION: Medical educators have been concerned that medical students may decline in empathy for patients during the course of their training, based on studies measuring clinical empathy using psychometrically strong self-report measures. Clinical empathy is a complex construct, incorporating attitudes toward patients but also other components, such as professional detachment. Triangulation of extant measures with instruments based on nonreactive methods could provide a better understanding of whether and how physician attitudes toward patients may be changing during training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805316/promoting-empathy-using-video-based-teaching
#12
Kieran Sweeney, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Empathy is fundamental to patient-centred care. It has been shown to improve patient satisfaction and therapeutic outcomes. The success of educational interventions in enhancing students' empathy has been mixed, however, and a consensus on the most effective approach is lacking. METHODS: Patients were videoed discussing their hospital experiences and interactions with clinicians. These videos were shown to groups of medical students, who then took part in a facilitated discussion around themes of health care communication and patient experience...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803221/reflective-student-narratives-honing-professionalism-and-empathy
#13
Upreet Dhaliwal, Satendra Singh, Navjeevan Singh
The affective domain is not explicitly targeted during medical studies and poor skills in this domain may lead to conflict when dealing with patients. Reflective narratives are said to promote humanitarianism and professional development. We aimed to examine reflective narratives written by medical students in our institution for content relating to ethical and professional Attitude and Behaviour, Communication, respect for Diversity and Disability, and Empathy (the ABCDE paradigm). We were also interested in understanding how far the students enjoyed learning through the writing of narratives and in determining their perceived learning from the exercise...
July 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765129/medical-school-selection-criteria-as-predictors-of-medical-student-empathy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-students-ireland
#14
Donnchadh M O'Sullivan, Joseph Moran, Paul Corcoran, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh, Aoife M O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether performance in any of the Health Professions Admissions Test (HPAT) sections, most specifically the interpersonal understanding section, correlates with self-reported empathy levels in medical students. SETTING: The study was conducted in University College Cork, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 290 students participated in the study. Matching HPAT scores were available for 263 students. All male and female undergraduate students were invited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760685/-leadership-and-management-courses-for-clinicians
#15
Daniel Wichelhaus, Peter Fischer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians, specifically which leadership and management contents are beneficial to their daily clinical work and whether these contents support their individual career. METHOD: E-mail invitations to participate in the study were sent to all 543 medical doctors of the University Hospital Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in one of the leadership and management courses offered between June 2005 and June 2015...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759092/clinical-preceptors-perceptions-of-empathy-the-empathy-in-osteopathic-training-and-education-emote-study
#16
Glenn Elbert Davis, Walter Carl Hartwig, Adam J McTighe
Context: Physician empathy influences rapport with patients and improves outcomes, but it is not well understood as an outcome of osteopathic medical education. Objective: To determine how clerkship preceptors at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA (TUCOM) in Vallejo define empathy and how they compare observed empathetic behavior of TUCOM students with that of other medical students. Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a survey of TUCOM clinical preceptors comparing TUCOM students with other medical students on 10 behaviors...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749198/empathy-training-in-medical-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
M Wündrich, C Schwartz, B Feige, D Lemper, C Nissen, U Voderholzer
AIM: Empathy is a core element in the doctor-patient relationship. This study examined whether empathy in medical students can be improved by specific training. METHODS: 158 medical students were randomized into two groups. The intervention group participated in an empathy skills training with simulated patients (SPs). The control group participated in a history course. After the intervention, empathy was assessed by blinded SPs and experts in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
July 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716384/a-review-of-empathy-its-importance-and-its-teaching-in-surgical-training
#18
Jing L Han, Theodore N Pappas
BACKGROUND: There has been much discussion in the medical literature about the importance of empathy and physician communication style in medical practice. Empathy has been shown to have a very real positive effect on patient outcomes. Most of the existing literature speaks to its role in medical education, with relatively little empiric study about empathy in the surgical setting. OBJECTIVE: Review of empathy and its importance as it pertains to the surgeon-patient relationship and improving patient outcomes, and the need for increased education in empathy during surgical training...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707631/-in-our-own-words-defining-medical-professionalism-from-a-latin-american-perspective
#19
Klaus Puschel, Paula Repetto, Margarita Bernales, Jorge Barros, Ivan Perez, Linda Snell
BACKGROUND: Latin America has experienced a tremendous growth in a number of medical schools, and there are concerns about their quality of training in critical areas such as professionalism. Medical professionalism is a cultural construct. The aim of the study was to compare published definitions of medical professionalism from Latin American and non-Latin American regions and to design an original and culturally sound definition. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used with three phases...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704203/nurturing-virtues-of-the-medical-profession-does-it-enhance-medical-students-empathy
#20
Marcelo Schweller, Diego Lima Ribeiro, Eloisa Valer Celeri, Marco Antonio de Carvalho-Filho
Objectives: To examine if the empathy levels of first-year medical students are amenable to didactic interventions idealized to promote values inherent to medical professional identity. Methods: This is a pretest-posttest study designed to assess the empathy levels of first-year medical students (n=166) comprising two consecutive classes of a Brazilian medical school, performed before and after a didactic intervention. Students attended a course based on values and virtues related to medical professional identity once a week over four months...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
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