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empathy and medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#1
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493618/pondering-practice-enhancing-the-art-of-reflection
#2
Carolyn Hayes, Debra Jackson, Patricia M Davidson, John Daly, Tamara Power
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the effect that immersive simulation experiences and guided reflection can have on the undergraduate nurses' understanding of how stressful environments impact their emotions, performance and ability to implement safe administration of medications. BACKGROUND: Patient safety can be jeopardised if nurses are unsure of how to appropriately manage and respond to interruptions. Medication administration errors are a major patient safety issue and often occur as a consequence of ineffective interruption management...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490362/different-perceptions-of-narrative-medicine-between-western-and-chinese-medicine-students
#3
Chien-Da Huang, Kuo-Chen Liao, Fu-Tsai Chung, Hsu-Min Tseng, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Chung Lii, Han-Pin Kuo, San-Jou Yeh, Shih-Tseng Lee
BACKGROUND: Western medicine is an evidence-based science, whereas Chinese medicine is more of a healing art. To date, there has been no research that has examined whether students of Western and Chinese medicine differentially engage in, or benefit from, educational activities for narrative medicine. This study fills a gap in current literature with the aim of evaluating and comparing Western and Chinese Medicine students' perceptions of narrative medicine as an approach to learning empathy and professionalism...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487117/teaching-medical-students-to-express-empathy-by-exploring-patient-emotions-and-experiences-in-standardized-medical-encounters
#4
Roger Ruiz-Moral, Luis Pérula de Torres, Diana Monge, Cristina García Leonardo, Fernando Caballero
OBJECTIVES: To increase medical students' ability to detect contextual and emotional cues and to respond empathetically to patients. METHODS: a training course in communication skills and patient-centered care with different teaching activities (didactic, reflective and interactive: workshops and encounters with simulated patients) was delivered to third-year medical students just before their clerkships. The program was evaluated by an external observer (OE) and simulated patients (SP) in 2 or 3 videotaped encounters...
April 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484971/video-modeling-of-sbirt-for-alcohol-use-disorders-increases-student-empathy-in-standardized-patient-encounters
#5
Anthony Crisafio, Victoria Anderson, Julia Frank
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of adding video models of brief alcohol assessment and counseling to a standardized patient (SP) curriculum that covers and tests acquisition of this skill. METHODS: The authors conducted a single-center, retrospective cohort study of third- and fourth-year medical students between 2013 and 2015. All students completed a standardized patient (SP) encounter illustrating the diagnosis of alcohol use disorder, followed by an SP exam on the same topic...
May 8, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464857/communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-the-osce-gender-specific-differences-in-a-longitudinal-trend-study
#6
Joachim Graf, Robert Smolka, Elisabeth Simoes, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne, Friederike Holderried, Annette Wosnik, Anne M Doherty, Karina Menzel, Anne Herrmann-Werner
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are essential in a patient-centred health service and therefore in medical teaching. Although significant differences in communication behaviour of male and female students are known, gender differences in the performance of students are still under-reported. The aim of this study was to analyse gender differences in communication skills of medical students in the context of an OSCE exam (OSCE = Objective Structured Clinical Examination). METHODS: In a longitudinal trend study based on seven semester-cohorts, it was analysed if there are gender differences in medical students' communication skills...
May 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#7
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421020/social-dominance-orientation-dispositional-empathy-and-need-for-cognitive-closure-moderate-the-impact-of-empathy-skills-training-but-not-patient-contact-on-medical-students-negative-attitudes-toward-higher-weight-patients
#8
Angela Meadows, Suzanne Higgs, Sara E Burke, John F Dovidio, Michelle van Ryn, Sean M Phelan
Anti-fat bias in healthcare providers and medical students has serious implications for quality of care of higher-weight patients. Studies of interventions aimed at reducing anti-fat attitudes in medical students have generally been disappointing, with little enduring effect. It is possible that some students may be more receptive to prejudice-reducing influences than others, due to underlying differences in their personal characteristics. It is also possible that attitudes toward patients, specifically, may differ from anti-fat attitudes in general, and prejudice-reduction effectiveness on patient-specific attitudes has not yet been evaluated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406102/strong-correlations-between-empathy-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-traits-among-podiatric-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Kurtis Bertram, John Randazzo, Nathaniel Alabi, Jack Levenson, John T Doucette, Peter Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of health-care providers to demonstrate empathy toward their patients results in a number of positive outcomes improving the quality of care. In addition, a provider's level of emotional intelligence (EI) can further the doctor-patient relationship, stimulating a more personalized and comprehensive manner of treating patients. Furthermore, personality traits of a clinician may positively or negatively influence that relationship, as well as clinical outcomes. This study was designed to evaluate empathy levels in podiatric medical students in a 4-year doctoral program...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395570/long-term-benefits-by-a-mind-body-medicine-skills-course-on-perceived-stress-and-empathy-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#10
Marja van Vliet, Mats Jong, Miek C Jong
BACKGROUND: A significant number of medical students suffer from burnout symptoms and reduced empathy. This controlled, quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate whether a mind-body medicine (MBM) skills course could reduce perceived stress and increase empathy and self-reflection in medical and nursing students. METHODS: The MBM course (consisting of experiential sessions of mind-body techniques and group reflections) was piloted among Dutch medical students and Swedish nursing students...
April 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367463/fourth-year-medical-students-reflective-writing-on-death-of-ivan-ilych-a-qualitative-study
#11
Mahshid Zohouri, Mitra Amini, Mohammad Mehdi Sagheb
INTRODUCTION: Medical students should be familiar with the end of life ethical issues and its considerations. For teaching end of life care to medical students, literature is a source of excellent narratives of patients with experiences of terminally ill condition in their journey through suffering and one of the most favourite bioethics literature readings has been the death of Ivan Ilych by Tolstoy. We used this novel to show medical students end of life events and suffering and asked them to write a reflective essay on it...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365604/patients-perceptions-of-dental-students-empathic-person-centered-care-in-a-dental-school-clinic-in-malaysia
#12
Muneer Gohar Babar, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Wong Mei Yong, Shahid Mitha, Haider Abdulameer Al-Waeli
Empathy has been identified as a crucial foundation in building an effective dentist-patient relationship. The aim of this study was to assess patients' perceptions of dental students' empathic care in the primary oral health care clinic at International Medical University in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in May-October 2014. The study also assessed the validity and reliability of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) Measure in this setting; the association between number of encounters and students' CARE Measure scores; and the association between students' empathy (measured by the Toronto Empathy Questionnaire) and CARE Measure scores...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347193/placebo-prescription-and-empathy-of-the-physician-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
João Braga-Simões, Patrício Soares Costa, John Yaphe
BACKGROUND: Empathy in the patient-physician relationship is a major component in an effective placebo treatment, as in every medical treatment. Understanding the role of empathy of the physician in the placebo effect may help dissect some of the context variables responsible for the effectiveness of the placebo. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of placebo prescription, doctors' beliefs, motivation, and attitudes to placebos in general practice in northern Portugal and to test the association between placebo prescription and physician empathy...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318319/medical-student-perceptions-of-the-learning-environment-in-medical-school-change-as-students-transition-to-clinical-training-in-undergraduate-medical-school
#14
Lisette Dunham, Michael Dekhtyar, Gregory Gruener, Eileen CichoskiKelly, Jennifer Deitz, Donna Elliott, Margaret L Stuber, Susan E Skochelak
Phenomenon: The learning environment is the physical, social, and psychological context in which a student learns. A supportive learning environment contributes to student well-being and enhances student empathy, professionalism, and academic success, whereas an unsupportive learning environment may lead to burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism. Student perceptions of the medical school learning environment may change over time and be associated with students' year of training and may differ significantly depending on the student's gender or race/ethnicity...
March 20, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266183/capturing-the-art-of-emergency-medicine-does-film-foster-reflection-in-medical-students
#15
Gabrielle Brand, Steve Wise, Zarrin S Siddiqui, Antonio Celenza, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: Integrating arts and humanities-based pedagogy into curricula is of growing interest among medical educators, particularly how it promotes reflection and empathy. Our aim was to explore whether a 2.50 min film titled 'The Art of the ED' stimulated reflective learning processes in a group of first year medical students. METHODS: The film was shown prior to their first clinical placement in an ED. Student participation was voluntary and not assessable...
March 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245718/-what-causes-the-decrease-in-empathy-among-medical-students-during-their-university-training
#16
Tamara Seitz, Beate Gruber, Ingrid Preusche, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243160/being-a-patient-a-medical-student-s-perspective
#17
EDITORIAL
Dara Rasasingam, Georgina Kerry, Shyam Gokani, Alexander Zargaran, Javier Ash, Aaina Mittal
Medical education follows the clinical drive toward patient-centered care and, therefore, puts strong emphasis on the development of empathy by medical students. It has, however, been found that there is a decline in empathy throughout a student's education. Students' participation in role-play as the doctor has been proved to improve patient care in a clinical capacity. Here, it is proposed that patient role-play can enhance patient care holistically, by enhancing key communication skills and student's empathy...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237408/why-teaching-empathy-is-important-for-the-medical-degree
#18
N Díez-Goñi, M C Rodríguez-Díez
Empathy is a basic skill in the exercise of medicine and increases patient and physician satisfaction and improves clinical results. However, the teaching of empathy is poorly covered in the teaching plans. A number of studies have observed a reduction in empathy during the final training courses. The reasons for this decline include, the students' excessive academic workload, the prioritisation of acquiring medical expertise over humanistic knowledge, the patient load in hospitals and health centres and the physicians' need to distance themselves from their patients...
February 23, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228573/grace-under-pressure-a-drama-based-approach-to-tackling-mistreatment-of-medical-students
#19
Karen M Scott, Špela Berlec, Louise Nash, Claire Hooker, Paul Dwyer, Paul Macneill, Jo River, Kimberley Ivory
A positive and respectful learning environment is fundamental to the development of professional identities in healthcare. Yet medical students report poor behaviour from healthcare professionals that contradict professionalism teaching. An interdisciplinary group designed and implemented a drama-based workshop series, based on applied theatre techniques, to help students develop positive professional qualities and interpersonal skills to deal with challenges in the healthcare setting. We piloted the workshops at the University of Sydney in 2015...
March 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225464/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#20
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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