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empathy and medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140917/medical-trainees-experiences-of-treating-people-with-chronic-pain-a-lost-opportunity-for-medical-education
#1
Kathleen Rice, Jae Eun Ryu, Cynthia Whitehead, Joel Katz, Fiona Webster
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that physicians' opinions about chronic pain patients become progressively negative over the course of medical training, leading to a decline in empathy for these patients. Few qualitative studies have focused on this issue and thus the experiences shaping this process remain unexplored. This study addressed how medical trainees learn about chronic pain management through informal and formal curricula. METHOD: This study adopted a descriptive qualitative interview-based approach informed by the theoretical lens of the hidden curriculum...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126410/more-than-visual-literacy-art-and-the-enhancement-of-tolerance-for-ambiguity-and-empathy
#2
Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Peter Gilbey
BACKGROUND: Comfort with ambiguity, mostly associated with the acceptance of multiple meanings, is a core characteristic of successful clinicians. Yet past studies indicate that medical students and junior physicians feel uncomfortable with ambiguity. Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) is a pedagogic approach involving discussions of art works and deciphering the different possible meanings entailed in them. However, the contribution of art to the possible enhancement of the tolerance for ambiguity among medical students has not yet been adequately investigated...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124715/the-relationship-between-psychological-distress-and-perception-of-emotional-support-in-medical-students-and-residents-and-implications-for-educational-institutions
#3
Alan McLuckie, Katherine M Matheson, Ashley L Landers, Jeff Landine, Jason Novick, Tessa Barrett, Gina Dimitropoulos
OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is pervasive among medical students and residents (MSR) and is associated with academic under-performance, decreased empathy, burnout, and suicidal ideation. To date, there has been little examination of how demographic and socioeconomic factors influence trainee's psychological distress levels, despite suggestion that financial concerns are a common source of stress. Recent Canadian studies examining the prevalence of distress, burnout, and resilience in MSR are limited...
November 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065755/improving-empathy-in-medical-students-the-role-of-patient-tutors
#4
Sian Narie Davies, Jonathan Maurice Durbin, Ahmed Elhussein, Raphael Paul Rifkin-Zybutz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059072/teaching-medical-students-to-communicate-with-empathy-and-clarity-using-improvisation
#5
Evonne Kaplan-Liss, Valeri Lantz-Gefroh, Elizabeth Bass, Deirdre Killebrew, Nicholas M Ponzio, Christine Savi, Christine O'Connell
PROBLEM: Medical educators widely accept that health care providers need strong communication skills. The authors sought to develop a course incorporating improvisation to teach health professions students communication skills and build empathy. APPROACH: Teaching health care professionals to communicate more effectively with patients, the public, and each other is a goal of the Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science at Stony Brook University. The authors designed an interprofessional elective for medical, nursing, and dental students that differed in several respects from traditional communication training...
October 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028421/medical-student-reflections-on-geriatrics-moral-distress-empathy-ethics-and-end-of-life
#6
Mary E Camp, Haekyung Jeon-Slaughter, Anne E Johnson, John Z Sadler
Medical students' early clinical encounters may influence their perceptions of geriatrics. This study examines reflective essays written by 3(rd)-year medical students on required clinical rotations. Using content analysis, the authors analyzed the essays' thematic content. The authors then used chi-squared analysis to compare themes with geriatric patients (age 60+) to themes with other age groups. One hundred twenty out of 802 essays described a geriatric patient. The most common geriatric themes were (1) death and dying, (2) decision making, (3) meaningful physician-patient interactions, (4) quality of care, and (5) professional development...
October 13, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984504/comment-on-long-term-benefits-by-a-mind-body-medicine-skills-course-on-perceived-stress-and-empathy-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#7
Alexander Hunt, George Sismey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962567/holistic-feedback-approach-with-video-and-peer-discussion-under-teacher-supervision
#8
Agra Dilshani Hunukumbure, Susan F Smith, Saroj Das
BACKGROUND: High quality feedback is vital to learning in medical education but many students and teachers have expressed dissatisfaction on current feedback practices. Lack of teachers' insight into students' feedback requirements may be a key, which might be addressed by giving control to the students with student led feedback practices. The conceptual framework was built on three dimensions of learning theory by Illeris and Vygotsky's zone of proximal development and scaffolding. We introduced a feedback session with self-reflection and peer feedback in the form of open discussion on video-recorded student performances under teacher's guidance...
September 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956195/qualitative-analysis-of-mmi-raters-scorings-of-medical-school-candidates-a-matter-of-taste
#9
Mette K Christensen, Eva Lykkegaard, Ole Lund, Lotte D O'Neill
Recent years have seen leading medical educationalists repeatedly call for a paradigm shift in the way we view, value and use subjectivity in assessment. The argument is that subjective expert raters generally bring desired quality, not just noise, to performance evaluations. While several reviews document the psychometric qualities of the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI), we currently lack qualitative studies examining what we can learn from MMI raters' subjectivity. The present qualitative study therefore investigates rater subjectivity or taste in MMI selection interview...
September 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954529/the-impact-of-empathy-on-burnout-in-medical-students-new-findings
#10
Heidi von Harscher, Nathaly Desmarais, Robert Dollinger, Seth Grossman, Scarlett Aldana
INTRODUCTION: Research on medical students has shown they are at a higher risk for burnout and that this burnout may become more prevalent as they advance in medical school. The literature, thus far, has not explored the construct of ,emotional empathy and whether this can impact burnout in medical students. Objective: To understand the relationship  between empathy (Empathic Concern [EC] and Personal Distress [PD]) and burnout in medical students. METHOD: Five successive classes of medical students enrolled at a new medical school were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Davis' Interpersonal Reactivity Index  over the course of three successive  years (n = 353)...
September 28, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953564/medical-students-empathy-for-vulnerable-groups-results-from-a-survey-and-reflective-writing-assignment
#11
Caroline Wellbery, Pamela A Saunders, Sarah Kureshi, Adam Visconti
PURPOSE: As medical education curricula increasingly acknowledge the contributions of the social determinants of health to individual health, new methods of engaging students in the care of vulnerable groups are needed. Empathy is one way to connect students with patients, but little is known about how to nurture students' empathy on behalf of populations. This study examined the relationship between individual and social empathy as groundwork for cultivating students' empathy for vulnerable groups...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928348/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-jefferson-scale-of-empathy-health-professions-students-version-an-experience-with-developing-the-tamil-translation
#12
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Soundappan Kathirvel, Muthu K Prathibha
BACKGROUND: Empathy is a key cognitive attribute among healthcare professionals that fosters better patient- healthcare provider relationships. The Jefferson scale of empathy (JSE) measures self-rated empathy among various groups of healthcare professionals-health professionals, medical students and health professions students (HPS). The authors present the experience in translating the JSE-HPS version into an Indian regional language with insights into the issues faced in every step...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892175/-almost-forgetting-to-care-an-unanticipated-source-of-empathy-loss-in-clerkship
#13
Cheryl L Holmes, Harry Miller, Glenn Regehr
CONTEXT: The erosion of empathy in medical students is well documented. Both the hidden curriculum associated with poor role modelling and a sense of burnout have been proposed as key factors, but the precise mechanisms by which this loss of empathy occurs have not been elaborated. OBJECTIVES: In the context of a course designed to help students manage the hidden curriculum, we collected data that raised questions about current conceptualisations of the aspects of medical training that lead to loss of empathy...
July 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884471/the-complexity-of-empathy-during-medical-school-training-evidence-for-positive-changes
#14
Karen E Smith, Greg J Norman, Jean Decety
CONTEXT: Empathy is an essential aspect of clinical care, associated with improved patient satisfaction, increased adherence to treatment, and fewer malpractice complaints. Previous studies suggest that empathy declines during medical training. However, past research relied on a single narrowly operationalised, self-report measure of empathy. As empathy is a complex socio-emotional construct, it is critical to assess changes across its distinct components using multiple measures in order to better understand how it is influenced by medical training...
November 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883780/intended-career-choice-in-family-medicine-in-slovenia-an-issue-of-gender-family-background-or-empathic-attitudes-in-final-year-medical-students
#15
Marija Petek Ster, Polona Selic
BACKGROUND: Among a variety of complex factors affecting a decision to take family medicine as a future specialisation, this study focused on demographic characteristics and assessed empathic attitudes in final year medical students. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was employed in two consecutive academic years of final year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in May 2014 and May 2015. A modified version of the 16-item Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Student Version (JSE-S) was administered to examine self-reported empathic attitudes...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870022/playing-to-our-human-strengths-to-prepare-medical-students-for-the-future
#16
Julie Chen
We are living in an age where artificial intelligence and astounding technological advances are bringing truly remarkable change to healthcare. Medical knowledge and skills which form the core responsibility of doctors such as making diagnoses may increasingly be delivered by robots. Machines are gradually acquiring human abilities such as deep learning and empathy. What, then is the role of doctors in future healthcare? And what direction should medical schools be taking to prepare their graduates? This article will give an overview of the evolving technological landscape of healthcare and examine the issues undergraduate medical education may have to address...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870019/the-mediating-effect-of-calling-on-the-relationship-between-medical-school-students-academic-burnout-and-empathy
#17
Su Jin Chae, So Mi Jeong, Yoon-Sok Chung
PURPOSE: This study is aimed at identifying the relationships between medical school students' academic burnout, empathy, and calling, and determining whether their calling has a mediating effect on the relationship between academic burnout and empathy. METHODS: A mixed method study was conducted. One hundred twenty-seven medical students completed a survey. Scales measuring academic burnout, medical students' empathy, and calling were utilized. For statistical analysis, correlation analysis, descriptive statistics analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861884/cross-cultural-differences-in-mental-health-quality-of-life-empathy-and-burnout-between-us-and-brazilian-medical-students
#18
Giancarlo Lucchetti, Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, J Kevin Dorsey
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare mental health, quality of life, empathy, and burnout in medical students from a medical institution in the USA and another one in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-cultural study included students enrolled in the first and second years of their undergraduate medical training. We evaluated depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS 21), empathy, openness to spirituality, and wellness (ESWIM), burnout (Oldenburg), and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) and compared them between schools...
August 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861707/the-impact-of-a-required-longitudinal-stress-management-and-resilience-training-course-for-first-year-medical-students
#19
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Tait D Shanafelt, Ling Werner, Amit Sood, Daniel Satele, Alexandra P Wolanskyj
BACKGROUND: Although psychological distress is common among medical students, little remains known about effective interventions. One promising individual-focused approach is mindfulness-based stress management interventions; however, studies to date have relied on volunteers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a required longitudinal stress management and resilience course improves well-being among first-year medical students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study...
August 31, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839311/measuring-empathy-of-medical-students-studying-different-curricula-a-causal-comparative-study
#20
Ayesha Ayub, Rehan Ahmed Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in empathy level of undergraduate medical students studying two different curricula. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Independent Medical College of Faisalabad and Islamic International Medical Collegeof Islamabad, both in Pakistan, from July to September 2016. The two medical colleges had two different types of curriculum systems; the integrated modular system and the discipline-based curriculum. The Toronto empathy questionnaire was used to calculate empathy scores...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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