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empathy and medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103729/strategies-to-promote-resilience-empathy-and-well-being-in-the-health-professions-insights-from-the-2015-centile-conference
#1
Aviad Haramati, Sian Cotton, Jamie S Padmore, Hedy S Wald, Peggy A Weissinger
The high prevalence of physician burnout is of great concern and may begin with observed declines in empathy and increases in stress and burnout in medical and health professions students. While underlying causes have been described, there is less certainty on how to create effective interventions in curricula and workplace. In October 2015, The Center for Innovation and Leadership in Education (CENTILE) at Georgetown University, together with MedStar Health, Georgetown's clinical partner, and six academic institutions sponsored a conference in Washington, DC...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097902/mistreatment-of-medical-students-in-the-third-year-may-not-be-the-problem
#2
Stuart J Slavin, John T Chibnall
Mistreatment and abuse of medical students has been recognized as a significant problem in medical schools. We believe, however, that the problem of mistreatment has been viewed incorrectly. This misperception of mistreatment exists in two primary ways. First, mistreatment has tended to be viewed as a "diagnosis" of unprofessionalism of the perpetrator when it may be more appropriately viewed as a symptom with a range of possible underlying causes. The second misconception that appears to be prevalent is the belief that the link between mistreatment and student well-being, distress, and falling empathy is clear...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033737/evaluating-the-relationship-between-participation-in-student-run-free-clinics-and-changes-in-empathy-in-medical-students
#3
Anita Modi, Michele Fascelli, Zachary Daitch, Mohammadreza Hojat
PURPOSE: We explored differences in changes in medical student empathy in the third year of medical school between volunteers at JeffHOPE, a multisite medical student-run free clinic of Sidney Kimmel Medical College (SKMC), and nonvolunteers. METHOD: Volunteerism and leadership experience at JeffHOPE were documented for medical students in the Class of 2015 (n = 272) across their medical educations. Students completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy at the beginning of medical school and at the end of the third year...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997222/empathy-in-medical-students-is-moderated-by-openness-to-spirituality
#4
Rodolfo F Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Giancarlo Lucchetti, J Kevin Dorsey
THEORY: Empathy is one component of medical student education that may be important to nurture, but there are many potential psychological barriers to empathy, such as student depression, burnout, and low quality of life or wellness behaviors. However, few studies have addressed how positive behaviors such as wellness and spirituality, in combination with these barriers, might affect empathy. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized a negative relationship between psychological distress and empathy, and a positive relationship between empathy and wellness behaviors...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968846/factors-associated-with-professionalism-in-chinese-medical-students-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#5
Angela P Fan, Russell O Kosik, Guo-Tong Xu, Qiaoling Cai, Selina Lien, Lei Huang, Xudong Zhao, Xiaojie Zhang, Yuhwa Wang, Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Professionalism is a central part of medical practice, and medical organisations worldwide have mandated training on this topic for future medical doctors. In China, national guidelines were developed to make explicit expectations that were once implicit. Medical education reform over the past decade has emphasised topics such as medical humanities, life-long learning, and patient-centered learning in an effort to increase the professionalism of future physicians. Although the importance of teaching professionalism has been well recognised, few studies have evaluated its implementation at Chinese medical schools...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929576/empathy-can-it-be-taught
#6
D Jeffrey, R Downie
There is now a societal and cultural expectation that doctors and nurses should feel, and display, empathy for their patients. Many commentators argue that medical and nursing students should be taught empathy. Empathy, however, is difficult to define: it is not the same as kindness, as it implies a degree of psychological insight into what the patient is thinking or feeling. Empathy is seen by some as a form of emotional intelligence that can be systematically developed through teaching and positive role models...
June 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914993/-solid-paediatricians-in-fluid-times-reviving-professionalism
#7
Carmen Martínez González, María Tasso Cereceda, Marta Sánchez Jacob, Isolina Riaño Galán
Professionalism is rarely taught formally. It is learned by osmosis through the hidden curriculum: a set of attitudes that each one of us transmits unconsciously to students, medical residents, and colleagues. All of us are a model or counter-model of professionalism through a series of values that have been the pillars of our profession since Hippocrates. Values that do not seem to be strong enough to pass our time. There are specific factors of the 21st century such as the financial crisis, the highly technical nature of medicine, bureaucratisation or trivialisation of the medical process that could explain, but not justify, the decline in the values of our profession: Empathy, integrity, solidarity, the altruism, or confidentiality...
November 30, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#8
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889445/mindfulness-training-for-health-profession-students-the-effect-of-mindfulness-training-on-psychological-well-being-learning-and-clinical-performance-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Janet McConville, Rachael McAleer, Andrew Hahne
BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness training in medical and other health professional student population groups and to compare the effectiveness of the different mindfulness-based programs...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882523/simulation-in-undergraduate-psychiatry-exploring-the-depth-of-learner-engagement
#10
REVIEW
Petal S Abdool, Latika Nirula, Sarah Bonato, Tarek K Rajji, Ivan L Silver
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based methodologies are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education to expand students' exposure to complex clinical scenarios. Engagement of students in these simulation-based methodologies is a key determinant of their success in learning. Thus, the authors conducted a systematic review to (1) identify simulation methods in use within the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum and (2) assess learner engagement using these methods. METHODS: Following a PRISMA methodology, the authors searched MEDLINE, ERIC, and PsychINFO databases from 1977 to 2015...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868176/-mindfulness-training-for-psychiatrists-in-residency-a-pilot-study
#11
H J R Hoenders, S H Booij, H Knegtering, H van den Brink
Medical students and psychiatrists in residency run a high risk for burnout. Furthermore, while at medical school, students seem to experience a reduction in empathy; this seems to be linked to a high level of stress. Interventions based on mindfulness training appear to reduce stress and increase empathy in medical students. Trainees in psychiatric residency might also benefit from mindfulness training.<br/> AIM: To assess the effects that a mindfulness course has on perceived stress and empathy in psychiatrists in residency...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856065/associations-of-medical-student-empathy-with-clinical-competence
#12
Rachel S Casas, Ziming Xuan, Angela H Jackson, Lorraine E Stanfield, Nanette C Harvey, Daniel C Chen
OBJECTIVE: Empathy is a crucial skill for medical students that can be difficult to evaluate. We examined if self-reported empathy in medical students was associated with clinical competence. METHODS: This study combined cross-sectional data from four consecutive years of medical students (N=590) from the Boston University School of Medicine. We used regression analysis to evaluate if self-reported empathy (Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE)) predicted scores in clinical clerkships, United States Medical Licensing Examinations, and OBJECTIVE: Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs)...
November 10, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805956/measuring-medical-students-empathy-exploring-the-underlying-constructs-of-and-associations-between-two-widely-used-self-report-instruments-in-five-countries
#13
Patrício Costa, Marco Antonio de Carvalho-Filho, Marcelo Schweller, Pia Thiemann, Ana Salgueira, John Benson, Manuel João Costa, Thelma Quince
PURPOSE: Understanding medical student empathy is important to future patient care; however, the definition and development of clinical empathy remain unclear. The authors sought to examine the underlying constructs of two of the most widely used self-report instruments-Davis's Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy version for medical students (JSE-S)-plus, the distinctions and associations between these instruments. METHOD: Between 2007 and 2014, the authors administered the IRI and JSE-S in three separate studies in five countries, (Brazil, Ireland, New Zealand, Portugal, and the United Kingdom)...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796726/empathizing-with-patients-the-role-of-interaction-and-narratives-in-providing-better-patient-care
#14
EDITORIAL
Carter Hardy
Recent studies have revealed a drop in the ability of physicians to empathize with their patients. It is argued that empathy training needs to be provided to both medical students and physicians in order to improve patient care. While it may be true that empathy would lead to better patient care, it is important that the right theory of empathy is being encouraged. This paper examines and critiques the prominent explanation of empathy being used in medicine. Focusing on the component of empathy that allows us to understand others, it is argued that this understanding is accomplished through a simulation...
October 28, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783262/empathy-is-associated-with-meaning-of-life-and-mental-health-treatment-but-not-religiosity-among-brazilian-medical-students
#15
Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Luciana Maria de Andrade Ribeiro, Amanda Guedes Dos Santos, Barbara Almeida da Silva, Giancarlo Lucchetti
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of spirituality, religiosity, personal beliefs, and previous contact with health issues on the level of empathy in medical students. Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Student Version, WHOQOL-Spirituality, Religiousness and Personal Beliefs, and Duke University Religion Index were applied to 285 Brazilian medical students. The findings suggest that meaning of life and previous mental health treatment but not Religiosity were positively related to empathy. We suggest that more attention should be given for prevention and treatment of mental health issues, and further studies are needed to understand and replicate these findings...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779510/individual-and-institutional-components-of-the-medical-school-educational-environment
#16
Larry D Gruppen, R Brent Stansfield
PURPOSE: To examine, using a systems framework, the relative influence of individual-level and institution-level factors on student perceptions of the medical school educational environment. METHOD: A series of hierarchical linear models were fit to a large, 18-school longitudinal dataset of student perceptions of the educational environment, various demographics, and student empathy, tolerance of ambiguity, coping, and patient-provider orientation. Separate models were evaluated for individual-level factors alone, institution-level factors alone, and the combination of individual- and institution-level factors...
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762611/gift-giving-in-the-podiatric-medical-student-patient-relationship
#17
Daniel López López, Paula Torreiro Pazo, Marta E Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
We sought to explore the relationship between the podiatric medical student and the patient as it relates to the act of gift-giving as a sign of gratefulness for the services provided. This article presents the clinical case of a man who visited a podiatric medical student because of pain in his feet and subsequently presented the student with several gifts. Philanthropy, empathy, a positive attitude, treatment instructions, and the time devoted to the patient are some of the reasons why patients offer gifts to podiatric medical students...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761735/can-we-still-stop-the-migration-of-physicians-from-austria-an-evaluation-of-clinical-internships-by-students-of-the-medical-university-of%C3%A2-vienna
#18
Tamara Seitz, Bela R Turk, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
The increasing emigration of graduates of the Medical University of Vienna presents a serious problem. This study examined students' evaluation of clinical rotations, their self-rated performance, and where they felt the most deficits exist. Medical students answered an online questionnaire surveying the following aspects: an evaluation of their internship; supervision; integration in the team and improvement of field-specific knowledge; the qualities of taking a patient's medical history by empathy; patient-centeredness; structure; target orientation; and the ability to integrate field-specific knowledge into anamnesis...
October 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759705/what-matters-more-about-the-interpersonal-reactivity-index-and-the-jefferson-scale-of-empathy-their-underlying-constructs-or-their-relationships-with-pertinent-measures-of-clinical-competence-and-patient-outcomes
#19
Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
In their study published in this issue of Academic Medicine, Costa and colleagues confirmed the underlying constructs of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) in medical students. The authors of this Commentary propose that in comparing two instruments that both purport to measure empathy, researchers or test users must pay close attention to the target populations, the conceptualizations of empathy, and the validity evidence in relation to pertinent criterion measures...
October 18, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756379/a-longitudinal-study-of-empathy-in-pre-clinical-and-clinical-medical-students-and-clinical-supervisors
#20
Sarah Mahoney, Ruth M Sladek, Tim Neild
BACKGROUND: Although appropriate empathy in health professionals is essential, a loss of empathy can occur during medical education. The structure of clinical learning may be one factor that is implicated in a loss of empathy. This study examines student and doctor empathy, and possible associations between empathy and the structure of clinical learning. METHODS: There were three groups of participants: medical students (n = 281), who completed a longitudinal survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and an open question about empathy at the beginning and end of the 2013 academic year; private doctors (medical practitioners) in South Australia (n = 78) who completed a survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and an open question about empathy at the end of the students' academic year; and doctors (medical practitioners) from public teaching hospitals (n = 72) in southern Adelaide, South Australia who completed a survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy at the end of the students' academic year ...
October 18, 2016: BMC Medical Education
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