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empathy and medical students

Daniel López López, Paula Torreiro Pazo, Marta E Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo
We sought to explore the relationship between the podiatric medical student and the patient as it relates to the act of gift-giving as a sign of gratefulness for the services provided. This article presents the clinical case of a man who visited a podiatric medical student because of pain in his feet and subsequently presented the student with several gifts. Philanthropy, empathy, a positive attitude, treatment instructions, and the time devoted to the patient are some of the reasons why patients offer gifts to podiatric medical students...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Tamara Seitz, Bela R Turk, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
The increasing emigration of graduates of the Medical University of Vienna presents a serious problem. This study examined students' evaluation of clinical rotations, their self-rated performance, and where they felt the most deficits exist. Medical students answered an online questionnaire surveying the following aspects: an evaluation of their internship; supervision; integration in the team and improvement of field-specific knowledge; the qualities of taking a patient's medical history by empathy; patient-centeredness; structure; target orientation; and the ability to integrate field-specific knowledge into anamnesis...
October 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
In their study published in this issue of Academic Medicine, Costa and colleagues confirmed the underlying constructs of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) in medical students. The authors of this Commentary propose that in comparing two instruments that both purport to measure empathy, researchers or test users must pay close attention to the target populations, the conceptualizations of empathy, and the validity evidence in relation to pertinent criterion measures...
October 18, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Sarah Mahoney, Ruth M Sladek, Tim Neild
BACKGROUND: Although appropriate empathy in health professionals is essential, a loss of empathy can occur during medical education. The structure of clinical learning may be one factor that is implicated in a loss of empathy. This study examines student and doctor empathy, and possible associations between empathy and the structure of clinical learning. METHODS: There were three groups of participants: medical students (n = 281), who completed a longitudinal survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and an open question about empathy at the beginning and end of the 2013 academic year; private doctors (medical practitioners) in South Australia (n = 78) who completed a survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and an open question about empathy at the end of the students' academic year; and doctors (medical practitioners) from public teaching hospitals (n = 72) in southern Adelaide, South Australia who completed a survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy at the end of the students' academic year ...
October 18, 2016: BMC Medical Education
James Alexander MacLeod Biggins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Medical Teacher
R K MacKenzie, J Dowell, D Ayansina, J A Cleland
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: ). We examined the predictive validity of these non-cognitive traits with performance during and on exit from medical school. We sampled all students graduating in 2013 from the 30 UKCAT consortium medical schools...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Adam J McTighe, Robert A DiTomasso, Stephanie Felgoise, Mohammadreza Hojat
CONTEXT: Empathy is an integral component of the patient-physician relationship and involves a cognitive ability to connect with others in a meaningful fashion. Multiple longitudinal studies have shown that self-reported allopathic medical student empathy declines significantly during year 3. However, to date, only 4 cross-sectional studies have been published on osteopathic medical students' empathy. Whereas studies of allopathic medical students reported a decline in empathy, similar results were not found in osteopathic studies...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Tami Hendriksz
CONTEXT: At the author's institution, patient perspective sessions were added to the preclinical curricula, in which actual patients present their medical stories and experiences to large groups of first- and second-year medical students. This curricular approach was designed to help address concerns about limited patient interaction during these years, which could lead to empathy erosion, academic burnout, and poor memory retention. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patient perspective sessions conducted in the first and second years of medical school had an effect on students' empathy toward patients and perceived retention of material...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Adam J McTighe, Robert A DiTomasso, Stephanie Felgoise, Mohammadreza Hojat
CONTEXT: The use of standardized patients (SPs) promotes and enhances interpersonal skill sets of medical students and provides a critical opportunity for students to display their relational competence during simulated patient encounters. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether SPs' ratings of osteopathic medical students' empathy and interpersonal skills correlate with students' self-rated empathy. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional quantitative design...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Faye Gishen, Sophia Whitman, Deborah Gill, Rhiannon Barker, Steven Walker
BACKGROUND: Training to be a doctor and caring for patients are recognized as being stressful and demanding. The wellbeing of healthcare professionals impacts upon the wellbeing and care of patients. Schwartz Centre Rounds (SCRs), multidisciplinary meetings led by a trained facilitator and designed for hospital staff, were introduced to enhance communication and compassion, and have since been widely adopted as a way of fostering compassion. The continuum of education suggests that medical students need to develop these attributes in conjunction with resilience and maintaining empathy...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Marija Petek Šter, Polona Selič
INTRODUCTION: Self-reported scales, such as the Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Student version (JSE-S), had been recognised to measure the empathic disposition rather than behavioural expression. This study aimed to re-validate the JSE-S and its factor structure prior further research on empathy in medical students. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was employed in two consecutive academic years, in 2012/13 and 2013/14, at the Faculty of Medicine in Ljubljana, Slovenia; first and final year students participated voluntarily...
December 2015: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Alexandra Ferreira-Valente, Patrício Costa, Marta Elorduy, Montserrat Virumbrales, Manuel J Costa, Jorge Palés
BACKGROUND: Empathy is a key aspect of the physician-patient interactions. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) is one of the most used empathy measures of medical students. The development of cross-cultural empathy studies depends on valid and reliable translations of the JSE. This study sought to: (1) adapt and assess the psychometric properties in Spanish students of the Spanish JSE validated in Mexican students; (2) test a second order latent factor model. METHODS: The Spanish JSE was adapted from the Spanish JSE-S, resulting in a final version of the measure...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Beth Walker, Deirdre Wallace, Zaheer Mangera, Deborah Gill
BACKGROUND: A small number of medical students elect to work as health care assistants (HCAs) during or prior to their undergraduate training. There is a significant body of evidence in the literature regarding the impact of HCA experience on student nurses; however, little research has examined the effects of such experience on medical students. METHODS: All fourth-year medical students with self-declared experience as HCAs from a single UK medical school were invited to participate in focus groups to explore their experiences and perceptions...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Hung-Chang Liao, Ya-Huei Wang
BACKGROUND: To facilitate interdisciplinary collaboration and to make connections between patients' diseases and their social/cultural contexts, the study examined whether the use of heterogeneous cluster grouping in reflective writing for medical humanities literature acquisition could have positive effects on medical university students in terms of empathy, critical thinking, and reflective writing. METHODS: A 15-week quasi-experimental design was conducted to investigate the learning outcomes...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Andrew Perrella
Empathy - cultivated through lived experiences - finds itself at the foundation of patient-centered care. Through establishing rapport, medical students learn to acquire unique perspectives of their patients during their training years. Given its basis in cognition, it is generally agreed that empathy is a skill amenable to nurturing, and can thus be evaluated. Unfortunately, when empathy, compassion, and perspective-taking are put under the scrutiny of a standardized examination (e.g. OSCEs - objective structured clinical exams), students find themselves feigning a substandard level of empathy in order to appease their evaluators' criteria...
August 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
Jeremy Graham, Lauren M Benson, Judy Swanson, Darryl Potyk, Kenn Daratha, Ken Roberts
PURPOSE: The primary focus of the study was to determine whether coursework in the medical humanities would ameliorate students' loss of and failure to develop empathy, a problem known to be common during medical education. METHODS: Students were offered an elective course in the Medical Humanities for academic credit. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy Student Version (JSE-S) was administered at the beginning and end of an academic year in which humanities courses were offered...
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Adaya Meirovich, Rosalie Ber, Michael Moore, Avi Rotschild
BACKGROUND: Curriculum planners and medical teachers attempt to enhance medical students' empathy and patient-centeredness. Despite educational efforts, there is stability in medical students' empathy and patient-centered medicine during the preclinical stage and a decline in both of them throughout the clinical years. Student-tutor relationship plays a key role in students' learning. This study tests the effect of learner-centered tutoring on students' empathy, patient-centeredness, and behavior...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
David Jeffrey
BACKGROUND: Quantitative research suggests that medical students' empathy declines during their training. This meta-ethnography asks: What new understanding may be gained by a synthesis of interview-based qualitative research on medical students' views and experiences of empathy? How can such a synthesis be undertaken? METHODOLOGY: A meta-ethnography synthesizes individual qualitative studies to generate knowledge increasing understanding and informing debate. A literature search yielded eight qualitative studies which met the inclusion criteria...
August 23, 2016: Medical Teacher
Thelma Quince, Pia Thiemann, John Benson, Sarah Hyde
Empathy is important to patient care. It enhances patients' satisfaction, comfort, self-efficacy, and trust which in turn may facilitate better diagnosis, shared decision making, and therapy adherence. Empathetic doctors experience greater job satisfaction and psychological well-being. Understanding the development of empathy of tomorrow's health care professionals is important. However, clinical empathy is poorly defined and difficult to measure, while ways to enhance it remain unclear. This review examines empathy among undergraduate medical students, focusing upon three main questions: How is empathy measured? This section discusses the problems of assessing empathy and outlines the utility of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Student Version and Davis's Interpersonal Reactivity Index...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Pamela Tsao, Catherine H Yu
BACKGROUND: Physician empathy is associated with improved diabetes outcomes. However, empathy declines throughout medical school training. This study seeks to describe how comics on diabetes affect learning processes for empathy in medical students. METHODS: All first- or second-year students at a Canadian medical school were invited to provide written reflections on two comics regarding diabetes and participate in a focus group. Responses were analyzed qualitatively for emergent themes...
2016: BMC Medical Education
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