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empathy and medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762797/contrasting-incoming-medical-students-attitudes-dual-degree-vs-traditional-tracks
#1
Kristina A Monteiro, Karl Dietrich, Jeffrey Borkan, Luba Dumenco, Allan R Tunkel, Richard Dollase, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (AMS) recently implemented a novel dual degree MD-ScM program in primary care and population medicine (PC-PM) that enrolls up to 24 of its nearly 144 yearly matriculants. The overarching goal of this track is to train medical students to become physician leaders who focus on issues in population medicine within primary care. METHODS: We conducted a baseline assessment of the students enrolled in this parallel track in comparison to our traditional students to identify characteristics of and group differences between students in the PC-PM program and traditional students...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731450/are-alexithymia-and-empathy-predicting-factors-of-the-resilience-of-medical-residents-in-france
#2
Audrey Morice-Ramat, Lionel Goronflot, Gilles Guihard
Objectives: To explore resilience, resilience predicting factors and resilience distribution in French medical residents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which general practice residents (n = 380) were asked to answer the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale. One hundred thirty-seven (137) responses were collected. The scores of the different scales have been calculated. The score differences were examined using the Student's t-test or analysis of variance...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724213/the-ability-of-non-cognitive-traits-to-predict-undergraduate-performance-in-medical-schools-a-national-linkage-study
#3
Gabrielle M Finn, Lazaro Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: In addition to the evaluation of educational attainment and intellectual ability there has been interest in the potential to select medical school applicants on non-academic qualities. Consequently, a battery of self-report measures concerned with assessing 'non-cognitive' traits was piloted as part of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) administration to evaluate their potential to be used in selection. METHODS: The four non-cognitive instruments piloted were: 1) the Libertarian-communitarian scale, (2) The NACE (narcissism, aloofness, confidence and empathy, (3) the MEARS (Managing emotions and resilience scale; self-esteem, optimism, control, self-discipline, emotional-nondefensiveness and faking, and (4) an abridged version of instruments (1) and (2) combined...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710268/insights-on-the-nationwide-project-in-osteopathic-medical-education-and-empathy-pomee
#4
Bruce W Newton
Initial data from the first phase of a nationwide study of cognitive empathy, the Project in Osteopathic Medical Education and Empathy (POMEE), have been gathered. At the beginning of their first year of medical school, more than 6000 osteopathic medical students filled out the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. The POMEE principal investigator and co-investigators-Mohammadreza Hojat, PhD; Leonard H. Calabrese, DO; and Stephen C. Shannon, DO-responded to a series of questions posed by the author pertaining to the importance of POMEE and the impact the findings will have on educating osteopathic medical students...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704195/a-four-week-reflective-writing-program-in-the-psychiatry-clerkship-testing-effects-on-reflective-capacity
#5
Charles A Whitmore, Joseph Sakai, Susan K Mikulich-Gilbertson, Robert D Davies
OBJECTIVE: Reflective capacity is the ability to review and reconstruct the importance, emotional impact, and outcomes of an experience to give it added meaning and context. In medicine, greater reflective capacity is associated with greater empathy and diagnostic accuracy. This project implemented a four-week reflective writing curriculum for third-year medical students during their psychiatric clerkship. METHODS: A single class of medical students participated in a pilot reflective writing program during their four-week Psychiatry Care Block...
April 27, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692437/using-a-polypharmacy-simulation-exercise-to-increase-empathy-in-pharmacy-students
#6
Amie Taggart Blaszczyk, Rebecca J Mahan, Jamie McCarrell, Rebecca B Sleeper
Objective. To assess whether the Jellybean Polypharmacy Simulation Exercise (JPSE) improved empathy in pharmacy students. Methods. The JPSE was given to all third-professional year pharmacy students in a required Special Populations course with pre- and post-scores on the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale (KCES) assessed, and open-ended questions on lessons learned from the exercise. Results. Pharmacy students showed a statistically significant increase in KCES scores after completing the JPSE. Open-ended question responses reflected personal growth and appreciation for patients managing difficult medication regimens...
April 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684180/benchmarking-the-physical-therapist-academic-environment-to-understand-the-student-experience
#7
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Kelly J Sass, Marcie Becker
Background: Identifying excellence in physical therapist academic environments is complicated by the lack of nationally available benchmarking data. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare a physical therapist academic environment to another health care profession (medicine) academic environment using the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) survey. Design: The design consisted of longitudinal benchmarking...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683011/can-communication-skills-training-improve-empathy-a-six-year-longitudinal-study-of-medical-students-in-japan
#8
Hitomi Kataoka, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Sabina Mahmood, Masaru Sato, Jennifer DeSantis, Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important component of overall clinical competence; thus, enhancing empathy in medical education is essential for quality patient care. AIM: This longitudinal study was designed to address the following questions: 1. Can a targeted educational program in communication skills training enhance empathy in medical students? and 2. Can such a program have a sustained effect? METHODS: Study participants included 116 students who entered Okayama University Medical School in 2011...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671134/communication-skills-training-and-the-conceptual-structure-of-empathy-among-medical-students
#9
Daisuke Son, Ikuo Shimizu, Hirono Ishikawa, Muneyoshi Aomatsu, Jimmie Leppink
INTRODUCTION: Medical and healthcare professionals' empathy for patients is crucially important for patient care. Some studies have suggested that a significant decline in empathy occurs during clinical training years in medical school as documented by self-assessed empathy scales. Moreover, a recent study provided qualitative evidence that communication skills training in an examination context, such as in an objective structured clinical examination, might stimulate perspective taking but inhibit the development of compassionate care...
April 18, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653460/-doctor-patient-communication-training-in-simulated-situations-emotions-and-perceptions-of-simulated-patients-during-patient-centered-conversations
#10
Maria Asisa Butollo, Anita Holzinger, Michaela Wagner-Menghin
INTRODUCTION: The use of simulated patients (SPs) for doctor-patient communication training has been established in medical curricula as an important didactic method. The study addresses the question, if patients' emotions and perceptions are represented adequately in patient-centered communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 22 of 37 SPs of the Medical University of Vienna (12 women, 10 men) were asked openly about their feelings after having acted as an SP in a semi-structured interview, which employed the Critical Incident Technique...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650497/quality-of-medical-education-is-our-health-in-safe-hands
#11
Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan, Neelam Dehal
The medical profession, once considered a "noble profession" has been under the scanner for deterioration in services. This decline is generally attributed to commercialisation of services, waning human values, and a lack of empathy and communication skills. At a time when discussions are focused on devising approaches to test medical students for attributes such as empathy, communication skills and concern for the less privileged, developing nations like India are suffering from the "problem of too many"...
March 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628735/chilean-dentistry-students-levels-of-empathy-and-empathic-erosion-necessary-evaluation-before-a-planned-intervention-levels-of-empathy-evaluation-and-intervention
#12
Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez, Ana Cristina Amezaga-Avitia, Pablo Alexander Sarabia-Alvarez, Macarena Lagos-Elgueta, Monserrat Saavedra-Madrid, Pablo Silva-Reyes, Mariela Padilla, María Paz Rodríguez-Hopp
Objectives: To estimate the general empathy levels and the potential for empathic growth in Dentistry students and demonstrate that the empathic erosion model is not med. Material and methods: Exploratory and cross-sectional study. Population: First- to fifth-year Dentistry students at Universidad San Sebastián, Santiago Campus (Chile). The total student population (N) was 800. The participants completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy in its Spanish version for medical students, validated and adapted in Chile...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623465/does-medical-students-personality-have-an-impact-on-their-intention-to-show-empathic-behavior
#13
Tamara Seitz, Angelika S Längle, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between specific personal traits and empathy. However, it is not clear if persons with certain personality traits lack the intent to show empathic behavior or if other factors independent of their intent are affecting their empathic behavior. To answer this question, we asked 132 medical students to fill out questionnaires evaluating the General Intention to Show Empathic Behavior (GISEB) and the five personality traits measured by NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615175/differences-in-empathy-levels-of-medical-students-based-on-gender-year-of-medical-school-and-career-choice
#14
Nabia Tariq, Ali Tayyab, Tara Jaffery
OBJECTIVE: To measure mean empathy scores of Pakistani medical students and to explore any association of empathy scores with gender, medical school year and future career choice. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Shifa College of Medicine, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, during the academic year 2015-2016. METHODOLOGY: The student version of Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) was distributed to the students electronically via the student portal...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605082/can-non-clinical-community-placements-enhance-medical-students-understanding-of-the-social-determinants-of-ill-health
#15
G Ratcliffe, S Spitzer-Shohat, L Stroud, J Essa-Hadad, M Rudolf
OBJECTIVES: Teaching the social determinants of health using classroom methods and medical settings is not effectual, yet few institutions require students to undertake placements in non-clinical settings. We sought to understand through qualitative investigation how non-clinical community placements contributed to students' understanding of health disparities. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative methods. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with eight purposively selected students and a focus group were conducted by an independent, non-medical and non-religiously affiliated researcher...
March 28, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600570/medical-communication-the-views-of-simulated-patients
#16
William Laughey, Nora Sangvik Grandal, Gabrielle M Finn
CONTEXT: Simulated patients (SPs) are extensively used in the teaching of medical communication, both for students and doctors. They occupy a unique middle ground between patients and physicians: although free from the prejudices that medical training brings, they work closely with clinical tutors to promote the principles of patient-centred consulting. Despite this, there is relatively little research around their views on what makes for good communication practice. This study aims to address this gap in the literature through a qualitative analysis of SPs' opinions, especially in the context of medical student communication...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587725/associations-between-emotional-intelligence-empathy-and-personality-in-japanese-medical-students
#17
Keiko Abe, Masayuki Niwa, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: It is known that empathic communication is important for physicians to achieve higher patient satisfaction and health outcomes. Emotional intelligence (EI), empathy and personality in medical students predict students' individual disposition and their emotional and empathic perceptions. This study aimed to investigate: 1) The association between empathy, EI and personality, and 2) Gender differences in the association between empathy, EI and personality. METHOD: Participants were 357 1st year medical students from 2008 to 2011 at one medical school in Japan...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575964/further-considerations-when-addressing-empathy-in-medical-students
#18
Lisa Amani, Rabia Warraich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569136/how-to-clarify-the-aims-of-empathy-in-medicine
#19
Riana J Betzler
This paper argues that enthusiasm for empathy has grown to the point at which empathy has taken on the status of an "ideal" in modern medicine. We need to pause and scrutinize this ideal before moving forward with empathy training programs for medical students. Taking empathy as an ideal obscures the distinction between the multiple aims that calls for empathy seek to achieve. While these aims may work together, they also come apart and yield different recommendations about the sort of behavior physicians should cultivate in a given situation...
March 22, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540874/cross-sectional-study-on-lifelong-learning-s-determinants-among-medical-students-in-rak-medical-health-sciences-university-uae
#20
Mustafa Afifi
OBJECTIVE: To find the association of Empathy, Self-Efficacy, and/or Hope with readiness for lifelong learning among medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2016 at Ras Al-Khaimah Medical and Health Sciences University in the United Arab Emirates, and comprised medical students from all five years. A self-reporting questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data .Standard scales and analysis of variance test were used to compare the mean scores of different variables for different groups...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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