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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438399/type-2-myocardial-infarction-due-to-supply-demand-mismatch
#1
REVIEW
Nino Mihatov, James L Januzzi, Hanna K Gaggin
The best-accepted definition of myocardial infarction (MI) is provided by statements from the Universal Definition of MI Global Task force. This article, now in its third iteration, defines MI as myocardial cell death due to prolonged myocardial ischemia. It further delineates an increasingly incident subclassification of MI known as type 2 MI (T2MI). T2MI identifies instances of myocardial necrosis in which an imbalance between myocardial oxygen supply and/or demand occurs for reasons other than atherosclerotic plaque disruption...
March 11, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436491/extratropical-forcing-triggered-the-2015-madden-julian-oscillation-el-ni%C3%A3-o-event
#2
Chi-Cherng Hong, Huang-Hsiung Hsu, Wan-Ling Tseng, Ming-Ying Lee, Chun-Hoe Chow, Li-Chiang Jiang
In this paper, we report the triggering effect of extratropical perturbation on the onset of an atypical Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and onset of the 2015-16 El Niño in March 2015. The MJO exhibited several unique characteristics: the effect of extratropical forcing, atypical genesis location and timing in the equatorial western Pacific, and the extremity of amplitudes in many aspects. The southward-penetrating northerly associated with the extratropical disturbances in the extratropical western North Pacific contributed to triggering the deep convection and westerly wind burst (WWB) and onset of the MJO over the anomalously warm tropical western Pacific in early March...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433355/the-no-touch-saphenous-vein-graft-in-elderly-coronary-bypass-patients-with-multiple-comorbidities-is-a-promising-conduit-to-substitute-the-left-internal-thoracic-artery
#3
Ninos Samano, Håkan Geijer, Lennart Bodin, Mikael Arbeus, John D Mannion, Michael Dashwood, Domingos Souza
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the patency rates of no-touch saphenous vein grafts anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery compared with the left internal thoracic artery. Further, we compared the patency of no-touch vein grafts to the left anterior descending artery with the patency of no-touch vein grafts to other coronary arteries. METHODS: Of 2635 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting between 2003 and 2008, 168 (6.3%) were given at least a saphenous vein graft to the left anterior descending artery to avoid harvesting complications in high-risk patients or in response to a left internal thoracic artery injury...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432965/spatiotemporal-description-of-btex-volatile-organic-compounds-in-a-middle-eastern-megacity-tehran-study-of-exposure-prediction-for-environmental-health-research-tehran-sepehr
#4
Heresh Amini, Vahid Hosseini, Christian Schindler, Hossein Hassankhany, Masud Yunesian, Sarah B Henderson, Nino Künzli
The spatiotemporal variability of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Tehran, Iran, is not well understood. Here we present the design, methods, and results of the Tehran Study of Exposure Prediction for Environmental Health Research (Tehran SEPEHR) on ambient concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, m-xylene, o-xylene (BTEX), and total BTEX. To date, this is the largest study of its kind in a low- and middle-income country and one of the largest globally. We measured BTEX concentrations at five reference sites and 174 distributed sites identified by a cluster analytic method...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428123/transvaginal-ultrasound-guided-embryo-transfer-in-ivf
#5
Lionel Larue, Gwenola Keromnes, Anne Massari, Clémence Roche, Julie Moulin, Héloïse Gronier, Dominique Bouret, Nino Guy Cassuto, Jean Philippe Ayel
OBJECTIVES: to determine whether transvaginal ultrasound-guided embryo transfer is a technique that can be used routinely, whether it improves IVF outcomes and whether it makes difficult transfers easier and more successful. MATERIAL AND METHOD: non-randomised retrospective study conducted between 2012 and 2016 in the Fertility Centre of the Diaconesses-Croix St Simon Hospital Group. The outcomes of 3910 transfers performed by 5 senior operators under transabdominal ultrasound guidance are compared with those of 800 transfers performed by 1 senior operator under transvaginal ultrasound guidance...
April 17, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426092/correction-high-precision-localized-proton-gradients-and-fluxes-generated-by-a-microelectrode-device-induce-differential-growth-behaviors-of-pollen-tubes
#6
Chengzhi Hu, Hannes Vogler, Marianne Aellen, Naveen Shamsudhin, Bumjin Jang, Jan T Burri, Nino Läubli, Ueli Grossniklaus, Salvador Pané, Bradley J Nelson
Correction for 'High precision, localized proton gradients and fluxes generated by a microelectrode device induce differential growth behaviors of pollen tubes' by Chengzhi Hu et al., Lab Chip, 2017, 17, 671-680.
April 20, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423109/effects-of-climatic-and-social-factors-on-dengue-incidence-in-mexican-municipalities-in-the-state-of-veracruz
#7
Grea Litai Moreno-Banda, Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Magali Hurtado-Díaz, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Stephen Joel Rothenberg
Objective: To assess links between the social variables and longer-term El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) related weather conditions as they relate to the week-to-week changes in dengue incidence at a regional level. Materials and methods: We collected data from 10 municipalities of the Olmeca region in México, over a 10 year period (January 1995 to December 2005). Negative binomial models with distributed lags were adjusted to look for associations between changes in the weekly incidence rate of dengue fever and climate variability...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421809/ingestas-de-energ%C3%A3-a-y-nutrientes-recomendadas-en-la-uni%C3%A3-n-europea-2008-2016
#8
Antoni García Gabarra, Marta Castellà Soley, Alicia Calleja Fernández
Esta revisión tiene por objeto reflejar los cambios producidos en la legislación de la Unión Europea y los dictámenes de la Autoridad Europea de Seguridad Alimentaria en relación al etiquetado nutricional de los alimentos, a los valores de referencia de energía, macronutrientes y micronutrientes, y a los niveles máximos de ingesta tolerable. La vigente legislación europea utiliza los valores de referencia para el etiquetado establecidos por el Comité Científico de la Alimentación Humana en 2003. Sería aconsejable una actualización de los mismos a partir de los valores de referencia establecidos por dicha autoridad europea para vitaminas y minerales...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421808/insatisfacci%C3%A3-n-con-la-imagen-corporal-en-ni%C3%A3-os-y-adolescentes-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#9
Paloma Jiménez Flores, Arturo Jiménez Cruz, Montserrat Bacardi Gascón
Introducción: la diferencia de la percepción entre la silueta percibida y la deseada se ha definido como insatisfacción con la imagen corporal (IMCO).Objetivo: evaluar los métodos utilizados para medir la IMCO y la frecuencia de la IMCO en niños y adolescentes.Metodología: se buscaron artículos registrados en las bases de datos de PubMed, EBSCOhost y Scielo, de estudios transversales en inglés y español, que valoraran la IMCO en niños y adolescentes publicados de abril de 2010 al mes de abril de 2015...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421801/actitudes-de-escolares-chilenos-de-distinto-nivel-socioecon%C3%A3-mico-al-inicio-de-la-implementaci%C3%A3-n-de-la-ley-que-regula-la-venta-y-publicidad-de-alimentos-altos-en-nutrientes-cr%C3%A3-ticos
#10
Sonia Olivares Cortes, Jacqueline Araneda Flores, Gladys Morales Illanes, Bárbara Leyton Dinamarca, Nelly Bustos Zapata, María Angélica Hernández Moreno, María Teresa Oyarzún Macchiavello
Introducción: el 27 de junio de 2016 se implementó en Chile la Ley sobre Composición Nutricional de los Alimentos y su Publicidad, que implica rotular el envase de los alimentos procesados, altos en calorías, grasas saturadas, azúcares y sodio.Objetivo: determinar las actitudes de escolares de 8 a 12 años, de distinto nivel socioeconómico (NSE) y estado nutricional, ante el nuevo etiquetado de los alimentos.Métodos: se aplicó una encuesta validada previamente, agregando preguntas sobre los nuevos sellos en los envases de alimentos y bebidas...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421800/prevalencia-y-factores-asociados-al-consumo-de-bebidas-azucaradas-en-escolares-de-9-a-17-a%C3%A3-os-de-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-estudio-fuprecol
#11
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Juan Camilo Fuerte-Celis, Javier Martínez-Torres, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al consumo de bebidas azucaradas en una población escolar de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al Estudio FUPRECOL.Métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal, realizado en 8.136 niños y adolescentes en edad escolar entre 9 y 17 años de Bogotá, Colombia. El peso, la estatura, el índice de masa corporal (IMC), la circunferencia de cintura y el porcentaje de grasa se recogieron como marcadores antropométricos y de composición corporal. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas (bebidas carbonatadas, jugos ultra-procesados y/o té), y los factores asociados (sexo, edad, obesidad abdominal, clasificación del IMC, grado de estudios de la madre/padre, y nivel nutricional por cuestionario "Krece plus" indicador de adherencia a la dieta mediterránea), se recogieron por encuesta estructurada...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421270/climate-variability-impacts-on-rainfed-cereal-yields-in-west-and-northwest-iran
#12
Milad Nouri, Mehdi Homaee, Mohammad Bannayan
In order to assess the response of wheat and barley to climate variability, the correlation between variations of yields with local and global climate variables was investigated in west and northwest Iran over 1982-2013. The global climate variables were the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Arctic Oscillation (AO), and North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) signals. Further, minimum (T min), maximum (T max), and mean (T mean) temperature, diurnal temperature range (DTR), precipitation, and reference evapotranspiration (ET0) was used as local weather factors...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418083/inter-annual-variation-in-methane-emissions-from-tropical-wetlands-triggered-by-repeated-el-ni%C3%A3-o-southern-oscillation
#13
Qiuan Zhu, Changhui Peng, Philippe Ciais, Hong Jiang, Jinxun Liu, Philippe Bousquet, Shiqin Li, Jie Chang, Xiuqin Fang, Xiaolu Zhou, Huai Chen, Shirong Liu, Guanghui Lin, Peng Gong, Meng Wang, Han Wang, Wenhua Xiang, Jing Chen
Methane (CH4 ) emissions from tropical wetlands contribute 60-80% of global natural wetland CH4 emissions. Decreased wetland CH4 emissions can act as a negative feedback mechanism for future climate warming and vice versa. The impact of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on CH4 emissions from wetlands remains poorly quantified at both regional and global scales, and El Niño events are expected to become more severe based on climate models projections. We use a process-based model of global wetland CH4 emissions to investigate the impacts of the ENSO on CH4 emissions in tropical wetlands for the period from 1950 to 2012...
April 18, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417138/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-traffic-noise-and-incident-hypertension-in-seven-cohorts-of-the-european-study-of-cohorts-for-air-pollution-effects-escape
#14
Kateryna B Fuks, Gudrun Weinmayr, Xavier Basagaña, Olena Gruzieva, Regina Hampel, Bente Oftedal, Mette Sørensen, Kathrin Wolf, Geir Aamodt, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Inmaculada Aguilera, Thomas Becker, Rob Beelen, Bert Brunekreef, Barbara Caracciolo, Josef Cyrys, Roberto Elosua, Kirsten Thorup Eriksen, Maria Foraster, Laura Fratiglioni, Agneta Hilding, Danny Houthuijs, Michal Korek, Nino Künzli, Jaume Marrugat, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Johanna Penell, Göran Pershagen, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Wim J R Swart, Annette Peters, Barbara Hoffmann
Aims: We investigated whether traffic-related air pollution and noise are associated with incident hypertension in European cohorts. Methods and results: We included seven cohorts of the European study of cohorts for air pollution effects (ESCAPE). We modelled concentrations of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5), ≤10 µm (PM10), >2.5, and ≤10 µm (PMcoarse), soot (PM2.5 absorbance), and nitrogen oxides at the addresses of participants with land use regression...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413732/calcification-and-growth-rate-recovery-of-the-reef-building-pocillopora-species-in-the-northeast-tropical-pacific-following-an-enso-disturbance
#15
Jose de Jesús A Tortolero-Langarica, Alma P Rodríguez-Troncoso, Amílcar L Cupul-Magaña, Juan P Carricart-Ganivet
Pocilloporids are one of the major reef-building corals in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) and also the most affected by thermal stress events, mainly those associated with El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) periods. To date, coral growth parameters have been poorly reported in Pocillopora species in the northeastern region of the tropical Pacific. Monthly and annual growth rates of the three most abundant morphospecies (P. cf. verrucosa, P. cf. capitata, and P. cf. damicornis) were evaluated during two annual periods at a site on the Pacific coast of Mexico...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411064/health-benefits-of-a-reduction-of-pm10-and-no2-exposure-after-implementing-a-clean-air-plan-in-the-agglomeration-lausanne-morges
#16
Alberto Castro, Nino Künzli, Thomas Götschi
Exposure to urban air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on cardio-vascular and respiratory health, both short and long term. Consequently, governments have applied policies to reduce air pollution. Quantitative health impact assessments of hypothetic changes in air pollution have been conducted at national and global level, but assessments of observed air pollution changes associated with specific clean air policies at a local or regional scale remain scarce. This study estimates health impacts attributable to a decrease in PM10 and NO2 exposure in the Agglomeration of Lausanne-Morges (ALM), Switzerland, between 2005 and 2015, corresponding to the implementation period of a supra-municipal plan of measures to reduce air pollution in different sectors such as transport, energy, and industry (called Plan OPair 05)...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408712/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-surgery-using-transversus-abdominis-plane-block
#17
Dean Markić, Božidar Vujičić, Mladen Ivanovski, Kristian Krpina, Antun Gršković, Dražen Rahelić, Nino Rubinić, Željko Župan, Hrvoje Lasić, Mauro Materljan, Sanjin Rački
♦Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter surgery can be performed using regional anesthesia. We present our PD catheter placement and extraction experience using ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. ♦ Methods: In the present study, we analyzed 74 patients from our center with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent PD catheter placement (60 patients) and removal (14 patients) using a TAP block between June 2011 and December 2015. ♦ Results: The TAP block was successful for 55/60 (91...
April 13, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405943/myocardial-oxidative-stress-correlates-with-left-ventricular-dysfunction-on-strain-echocardiography-in-a-rodent-model-of-sepsis
#18
Bereketeab Haileselassie, Erik Su, Iraklis Pozios, Diego F Niño, Hongyun Liu, Dai-Yin Lu, Ioannis Ventoulis, William B Fulton, Chhinder P Sodhi, David Hackam, Brian O'Rourke, Theodore Abraham
BACKGROUND: Recognition of cardiomyopathy in sepsis can be challenging due to the limitations of conventional measures such as ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) in the context of variable preload and afterload conditions. This study correlates myocardial function using strain echocardiography (SE) with cardiomyocyte oxidative stress in a murine model of sepsis. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were randomized into control (n = 10), sham (n = 25), and a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) (n = 33) model of sepsis...
December 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403586/urethroplasty-with-dorsal-buccal-mucosa-graft-is-it-still-the-method-of-choice-in-long-term-urethral-stenosis
#19
Carlo Pavone, Dario Fontana, Ninfa Giacalone, Nino Dispensa, Marco Vella, Alchiede Simonato
The aim of our work was to evaluate the long-term changes in symptoms (median 42 months) and to analyze data for any negative predictive factors for the application of the procedure, in patients who underwent to urethroplasty with dorsal buccal mucosa graft. During the period from 2010 to 2015 27 patients were examined. Than they underwent urethroplasty using dorsal buccal mucosa graft (graft of 4 x 2.5 cm). The evaluation of symptoms has been addressed through the application of the IPSS Quality of Life Questionnaire (International Prostatic Symptoms Score) and the evaluation of urinary flow has been carried out by a comparative analysis between the pre- and post-operative uroflowmetry...
March 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403226/function-of-translationally-controlled-tumor-protein-tctp-in-eudrilus-eugeniae-regeneration
#20
Elaiya Raja Subramanian, Nino Gopi Daisy, Dinesh Kumar Sudalaimani, Kalidas Ramamoorthy, Subburathinam Balakrishnan, Jackson Durairaj Selvan Christyraj, Vaithilingaraja Arumugaswami, Sudhakar Sivasubramaniam
TCTP (Translationally Controlled Tumour Protein) is a multifunctional protein that plays a role in the development, immune system, tumour reversion, and maintenance of stem cells. The mRNA of the Tpt1 gene is over-expressed during liver regeneration. But, the function of the protein in regeneration is not known. To study the role of the protein in regeneration, the earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae was chosen. First, the full length cDNA of the Tpt1 gene was sequenced. The size of the cDNA is 504 bp and the protein has 167 amino acids...
2017: PloS One
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