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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923266/brief-practical-screeners-in-english-and-spanish-for-acute-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children
#1
Nancy Kassam-Adams, Meghan L Marsac
With millions of children experiencing acute traumatic events, validated screening tools are needed in both research and service contexts. We aimed to identify and evaluate short forms of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children in English (ASC-Kids) and Spanish (Cuestionario de Estrés Agudo-Niños [CEA-N]), using data from 4 samples (Ns of 254, 225, 176, and 80) of children with recent acute trauma. Confirmatory factor analyses of the full checklist in the largest sample guided item selection for 6-item and 3-item short forms...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917936/robust-contribution-of-decadal-anomalies-to-the-frequency-of-central-pacific-el-ni%C3%A3-o
#2
Arnold Sullivan, Jing-Jia Luo, Anthony C Hirst, Daohua Bi, Wenju Cai, Jinhai He
During year-to-year El Niño events in recent decades, major sea surface warming has occurred frequently in the central Pacific. This is distinct from the eastern Pacific warming pattern during canonical El Niño events. Accordingly, the central-Pacific El Niño exerts distinct impacts on ecosystems, climate and hurricanes worldwide. The increased frequency of the new type of El Niño presents a challenge not only for the understanding of El Niño dynamics and its change but also for the prediction of El Niño and its global impacts at present and future climate...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912900/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-fabry-disease
#3
Alberto Ortiz, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910868/relationship-between-nanotopographical-alignment-and-stem-cell-fate-with-live-imaging-and-shape-analysis
#4
Peter Newman, Jorge Luis Galenano-Niño, Pamela Graney, Joselito M Razal, Andrew I Minett, João Ribas, Raquel Ovalle-Robles, Maté Biro, Hala Zreiqat
The topography of a biomaterial regulates cellular interactions and determine stem cell fate. A complete understanding of how topographical properties affect cell behavior will allow the rational design of material surfaces that elicit specified biological functions once placed in the body. To this end, we fabricate substrates with aligned or randomly organized fibrous nanostructured topographies. Culturing adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), we explore the dynamic relationship between the alignment of topography, cell shape and cell differentiation to osteogenic and myogenic lineages...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909150/validity-of-the-georgian-montreal-cognitive-assessment-for-the-screening-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#5
Marina Janelidze, Nina Mikeladze, Nazibrola Bochorishvili, Ann Dzagnidze, Mariam Kapianidze, Nino Mikava, Irene Khatiashvili, Darejan Kakhiani, Ekaterina Mirvelashvili, Nino Shiukashvili, Zurab Nadareishvili
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test has been shown to be a reliable tool to detect mild cognitive impairment (MCI), however, no Georgian language version exists. The goal of this study is to determine the validity, reliability, and accuracy of Georgian version of MoCA in the evaluation of amnestic MCI (aMCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Montreal Cognitive Assessment was translated into Georgian language and was administered to healthy participants (HP) and patients with aMCI and AD. We studied 46 HS, 20 patients with aMCI, and 20 patients with AD...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902371/mapping-b-lymphocytes-as-major-reservoirs-of-naturally-occurring-latent-equine-herpesvirus-5-infection
#6
Zelalem Mekuria, Charles El Hage, Nino P Ficorilli, Elizabeth A Washington, James R Gilkerson, Carol Hartley
Equine herpesvirus 5 (EHV5) is a commonly detected gammaherpesvirus which, along with the closely related EHV2, constitute the only two known Percaviruses that infect horses. Apart from detection in horse populations worldwide and the recent publication of the whole genome, there is little known about the biology and pathogenesis of this virus, with many assumptions made by parallels with EHV2. The long-term survival of gammaherpesviruses within infected hosts involves the establishment and maintenance of latency in selected cell and tissues types, particularly lymphocytes...
November 30, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901052/pacific-ocean-decadal-forcing-of-long-term-changes-in-the-western-pacific-subtropical-high
#7
Shinji Matsumura, Takeshi Horinouchi
The western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) has a significant effect on droughts, heat waves, and tropical cyclone tracks over East Asia and the northwest Pacific. The WPSH has intensified during the past three decades, but its causes are not yet well understood. Here we show that the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is responsible for the long-term changes in the WPSH through the meridional shift of the subtropical jet, based on comprehensive data analysis and model results. El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the leading forcing of WPSH variability over interannual timescales, whereas the PDO accounts for its low-frequency variability, resulting in it being independent of ENSO with regard to WPSH variability...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899111/plasmodium-malariae-in-the-colombian-amazon-region-you-don-t-diagnose-what-you-don-t-suspect
#8
Carlos Hernando Niño, Juan Ricardo Cubides, Paola Andrea Camargo-Ayala, Carlos Arturo Rodríguez-Celis, Teódulo Quiñones, Moisés Tomás Cortés-Castillo, Lizeth Sánchez-Suárez, Ricardo Sánchez, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a worldwide public health problem; parasites from the genus Plasmodium spp. are the aetiological agent of this disease. The parasite is mainly diagnosed by microscope-based techniques. However, these have limited sensitivity. Many asymptomatic infections are sub-microscopic and can only be detected by molecular methods. This study was aimed at comparing nested PCR results to those obtained by microscope for diagnosing malaria and to present epidemiological data regarding malaria in Colombia's Amazon department...
November 29, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894798/does-drought-in-china-show-a-significant-decreasing-trend-from-1961-to-2009
#9
Zhaoli Wang, Jun Li, Chengguang Lai, Zhaoyang Zeng, Ruida Zhong, Xiaohong Chen, Xiaowen Zhou, Mingyuan Wang
In recent decades, the occurrence and severity of drought in China has had devastating impact on social and economic development. The increase in drought has been attributed to global warming. We used the high-accuracy self-calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index (scPDSI) to investigate the variation in drought in China between 1961 and 2009 using the Mann-Kendall (MK), continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and the rotated empirical orthogonal function (REOF) methods. We also analyzed the relationship between the rotated principal component time series (RPCs) and 74 circulation indices...
November 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894320/successful-malaria-elimination-in-the-ecuador-peru-border-region-epidemiology-and-lessons-learned
#10
Lyndsay K Krisher, Jesse Krisher, Mariano Ambuludi, Ana Arichabala, Efrain Beltrán-Ayala, Patricia Navarrete, Tania Ordoñez, Mark E Polhemus, Fernando Quintana, Rosemary Rochford, Mercy Silva, Juan Bazo, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, malaria (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) has been successfully controlled in the Ecuador-Peru coastal border region. The aim of this study was to document this control effort and to identify the best practices and lessons learned that are applicable to malaria control and to other vector-borne diseases. A proximal outcome evaluation was conducted of the robust elimination programme in El Oro Province, Ecuador, and the Tumbes Region, Peru. Data collection efforts included a series of workshops with local public health experts who played central roles in the elimination effort, review of epidemiological records from Ministries of Health, and a review of national policy documents...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#11
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891187/mass-spectrometry-of-analytical-derivatives-2-ortho-and-para-effects-in-electron-ionization-mass-spectra-of-derivatives-of-hydroxy-mercapto-and-amino-benzoic-acids
#12
Nino G Todua, Anzor I Mikaia
Derivatives requiring either anhydrous or aqueous reaction conditions were prepared for robust and reliable gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) characterization of hydroxyl, mercapto, and amino benzoic acids Methylation and trialkylsilytation are employed for blocking the acidic function. Alkyl, trimethylsilyl, acetyl, perfluoroacyl and alkoxycarbonyl derivatization groups are introduced to hydroxyl, mercapto and amino functions. The electron ionization induced fragmentation characteristics of corresponding derivatives are explained by comparing the MS(1) spectra of unlabeled compounds to their (2)H and (13)C labeled analogs, and analysis of collision-induced dissociation data from MS(2) spectra...
2016: Mass Spektrom
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880756/sub-ice-shelf-sediments-record-history-of-twentieth-century-retreat-of-pine-island-glacier
#13
J A Smith, T J Andersen, M Shortt, A M Gaffney, M Truffer, T P Stanton, R Bindschadler, P Dutrieux, A Jenkins, C-D Hillenbrand, W Ehrmann, H F J Corr, N Farley, S Crowhurst, D G Vaughan
The West Antarctic Ice Sheet is one of the largest potential sources of rising sea levels. Over the past 40 years, glaciers flowing into the Amundsen Sea sector of the ice sheet have thinned at an accelerating rate, and several numerical models suggest that unstable and irreversible retreat of the grounding line-which marks the boundary between grounded ice and floating ice shelf-is underway. Understanding this recent retreat requires a detailed knowledge of grounding-line history, but the locations of the grounding line before the advent of satellite monitoring in the 1990s are poorly dated...
November 23, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879642/curcumin-and-boswellia-serrata-modulate-the-glyco-oxidative-status-and-lipo-oxidation-in-master-athletes
#14
Nino Cristiano Chilelli, Eugenio Ragazzi, Romina Valentini, Chiara Cosma, Stefania Ferraresso, Annunziata Lapolla, Giovanni Sartore
BACKGROUND: Chronic intensive exercise is associated with a greater induction of oxidative stress and with an excess of endogenous advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). Curcumin can reduce the accumulation of AGEs in vitro and in animal models. We examined whether supplementation with curcumin and Boswellia serrata (BSE) gum resin for 3 months could affect plasma levels of markers of oxidative stress, inflammation, and glycation in healthy master cyclists. METHODS: Forty-seven healthy male athletes were randomly assigned to Group 1, consisting of 22 subjects given a Mediterranean diet (MD) alone (MD group), and Group 2 consisted of 25 subjects given a MD plus curcumin and BSE (curcumin/BSE group)...
November 21, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876871/enso-s-far-reaching-connection-to-indian-cold-waves
#15
J V Ratnam, Swadhin K Behera, H Annamalai, Satyaban B Ratna, M Rajeevan, Toshio Yamagata
During boreal winters, cold waves over India are primarily due to transport of cold air from higher latitudes. However, the processes associated with these cold waves are not yet clearly understood. Here by diagnosing a suite of datasets, we explore the mechanisms leading to the development and maintenance of these cold waves. Two types of cold waves are identified based on observed minimum surface temperature and statistical analysis. The first type (TYPE1), also the dominant one, depicts colder than normal temperatures covering most parts of the country while the second type (TYPE2) is more regional, with significant cold temperatures only noticeable over northwest India...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875581/statistical-models-for-tornado-climatology-long-and-short-term-views
#16
James B Elsner, Thomas H Jagger, Tyler Fricker
This paper estimates regional tornado risk from records of past events using statistical models. First, a spatial model is fit to the tornado counts aggregated in counties with terms that control for changes in observational practices over time. Results provide a long-term view of risk that delineates the main tornado corridors in the United States where the expected annual rate exceeds two tornadoes per 10,000 square km. A few counties in the Texas Panhandle and central Kansas have annual rates that exceed four tornadoes per 10,000 square km...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870283/corrigendum-synergistic-effects-of-metals-in-a-promising-ru-ii-pt-ii-assembly-for-a-combined-anticancer-approach-theoretical-exploration-of-the-photophysical-properties
#17
Marta E Alberto, Nino Russo, Carlo Adamo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868075/novel-mutation-of-interferon-%C3%AE-receptor-1-gene-presenting-as-early-life-mycobacterial-bronchial-disease
#18
Maria J Gutierrez, Neelu Kalra, Alexandra Horwitz, Gustavo Nino
Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial diseases (MSMD) are a spectrum of inherited disorders characterized by localized or disseminated infections caused by atypical mycobacteria. Interferon-γ receptor 1 (IFNGR1) deficiency was the first identified genetic disorder recognized as MSMD. Mutations in the genes encoding IFNGR1 can be recessive or dominant and cause complete or partial receptor deficiency. We present the case of a 2½-year-old boy with a history of recurrent wheezing, diagnosed with endobronchial mycobacterial infection...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867787/interannual-variation-of-springtime-biomass-burning-in-indochina-regional-differences-associated-atmospheric-dynamical-changes-and-downwind-impacts
#19
Wan-Ru Huang, Sheng-Hsiang Wang, Ming-Cheng Yen, Neng-Huei Lin, Parichart Promchote
During March and April, widespread burning occurs across farmlands in Indochina in preparation for planting at the monsoon onset. The resultant aerosols impact the air quality downwind. In this study, we investigate the climatic aspect of the interannual variation of springtime biomass burning in Indochina and its correlation with air quality at Mt. Lulin in Taiwan using long-term (2005-2015) satellite and global reanalysis data. Based on empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, we find that the biomass burning activities vary with two geographical regions: northern Indochina (the primary EOF mode) and southern Indochina (the secondary EOF mode)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres: JGR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855214/a-straightforward-access-to-new-families-of-lipophilic-polyphenols-by-using-lipolytic-bacteria
#20
Leyre Sánchez-Barrionuevo, Alejandro González-Benjumea, Almudena Escobar-Niño, María Teresa García, Óscar López, Inés Maya, José G Fernández-Bolaños, David Cánovas, Encarnación Mellado
The chemical synthesis of new lipophilic polyphenols with improved properties presents technical difficulties. Here we describe the selection, isolation and identification of lipolytic bacteria from food-processing industrial wastes, and their use for tailoring a new set of compounds with great interest in the food industry. These bacteria were employed to produce lipolytic supernatants, which were applied without further purification as biocatalysts in the chemoselective and regioselective synthesis of lipophilic partially acetylated phenolic compounds derived from olive polyphenols...
2016: PloS One
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