keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Niño

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088548/soil-carbon-dioxide-emissions-from-a-rubber-plantation-on-tropical-peat
#1
Nur Wakhid, Takashi Hirano, Yosuke Okimoto, Siti Nurzakiah, Dedi Nursyamsi
Land-use change in tropical peatland potentially results in a large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions owing to drainage, which lowers groundwater level (GWL) and consequently enhances oxidative peat decomposition. However, field information on carbon balance is lacking for rubber plantations, which are expanding into Indonesia's peatlands. To assess soil CO2 emissions from an eight-year-old rubber plantation established on peat after compaction, soil CO2 efflux was measured monthly using a closed chamber system from December 2014 to December 2015, in which a strong El Niño event occurred, and consequently GWL lowered deeply...
January 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079692/keratoconus-and-bowman-layer-transplantation
#2
Virgilio Galvis, Alejandro Tello, Néstor I Carreño, Rubén D Berrospi, Camilo A Niño, Félix Leiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077473/a-joint-ers-ats-policy-statement-what-constitutes-an-adverse-health-effect-of-air-pollution-an-analytical-framework
#3
George D Thurston, Howard Kipen, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, John Balmes, Robert D Brook, Kevin Cromar, Sara De Matteis, Francesco Forastiere, Bertil Forsberg, Mark W Frampton, Jonathan Grigg, Dick Heederik, Frank J Kelly, Nino Kuenzli, Robert Laumbach, Annette Peters, Sanjay T Rajagopalan, David Rich, Beate Ritz, Jonathan M Samet, Thomas Sandstrom, Torben Sigsgaard, Jordi Sunyer, Bert Brunekreef
The American Thoracic Society has previously published statements on what constitutes an adverse effect on health of air pollution in 1985 and 2000. We set out to update and broaden these past statements that focused primarily on effects on the respiratory system. Since then, many studies have documented effects of air pollution on other organ systems, such as on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. In addition, many new biomarkers of effects have been developed and applied in air pollution studies...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069959/climatic-regulation-of-the-neurotoxin-domoic-acid
#4
S Morgaine McKibben, William Peterson, A Michelle Wood, Vera L Trainer, Matthew Hunter, Angelicque E White
Domoic acid is a potent neurotoxin produced by certain marine microalgae that can accumulate in the foodweb, posing a health threat to human seafood consumers and wildlife in coastal regions worldwide. Evidence of climatic regulation of domoic acid in shellfish over the past 20 y in the Northern California Current regime is shown. The timing of elevated domoic acid is strongly related to warm phases of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the Oceanic Niño Index, an indicator of El Niño events. Ocean conditions in the northeast Pacific that are associated with warm phases of these indices, including changes in prevailing currents and advection of anomalously warm water masses onto the continental shelf, are hypothesized to contribute to increases in this toxin...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067954/elemental-variability-in-the-coralline-alga-lithophyllum-yemenense-as-an-archive-of-past-climate-in-the-gulf-of-aden-nw-indian-ocean
#5
Annalisa Caragnano, Daniela Basso, David Storz, Dorrit E Jacob, Federica Ragazzola, Francesca Benzoni, Eric Dutrieux
This study presents the first algal thallus (skeleton) archive of Asian monsoon strength and Red Sea influence in the Gulf of Aden. Mg/Ca, Li/Ca, Ba/Ca were measured on Lithophyllum yemenense from Balhaf (Gulf of Aden) using Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), and Mg/Ca ratio oscillation was used to reconstruct the chronology (34 years). Oscillations of element rates corresponding to the algal growth between 1974 and 2008 were compared with recorded climate and oceanographic variability...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060743/2017-update-on-the-relationship-between-diabetes-and-colorectal-cancer-epidemiology-potential-molecular-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-implications
#6
REVIEW
Nieves González, Isabel Prieto, Laura Del Puerto-Nevado, Sergio Portal-Nuñez, Juan Antonio Ardura, Marta Corton, Beatriz Fernández-Fernández, Oscar Aguilera, Carmen Gomez-Guerrero, Sebastián Mas, Juan Antonio Moreno, Marta Ruiz-Ortega, Ana Belen Sanz, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño, Federico Rojo, Fernando Vivanco, Pedro Esbrit, Carmen Ayuso, Gloria Alvarez-Llamas, Jesús Egido, Jesús García-Foncillas, Alberto Ortiz, Diabetes Cancer Connect Consortium
Worldwide deaths from diabetes mellitus (DM) and colorectal cancer increased by 90% and 57%, respectively, over the past 20 years. The risk of colorectal cancer was estimated to be 27% higher in patients with type 2 DM than in non-diabetic controls. However, there are potential confounders, information from lower income countries is scarce, across the globe there is no correlation between DM prevalence and colorectal cancer incidence and the association has evolved over time, suggesting the impact of additional environmental factors...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056166/nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-infants-born-at-or-near-term
#7
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte, Gabriel Altit
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is a major endogenous regulator of vascular tone. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) gas has been investigated as treatment for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment of hypoxaemic term and near-term newborn infants with iNO improves oxygenation and reduces rate of death and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or affects long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to January 2016), Embase (1980 to January 2016) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; 1982 to January 2016)...
January 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053046/properties-of-human-disease-genes-and-the-role-of-genes-linked-to-mendelian-disorders-in-complex-disease-aetiology
#8
Nino Spataro, Juan Antonio Rodríguez, Arcadi Navarro, Elena Bosch
Do genes presenting variation that has been linked to human disease have different biological properties than genes that have never been related to disease? What is the relationship between disease and fitness? Are the evolutionary pressures that affect genes linked to Mendelian diseases the same to those acting on genes whose variation contributes to complex disorders? The answers to these questions could shed light on the architecture of human genetic disorders and may have relevant implications when designing mapping strategies in future genetic studies...
January 4, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040753/graft-patency-is-associated-with-higher-health-related-quality-of-life-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#9
Ninos Samano, Lennart Bodin, Jan Karlsson, Håkan Geijer, Mikael Arbeus, Domingos Souza
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate whether graft patency was associated with higher health-related quality of life in coronary artery bypass grafting patients and to compare this study with the general Swedish population. METHODS: Patients were included from 3 randomized trials and 1 prospective cohort trial. The generic health-related quality of life instrument, EQ-5D (VAS and index) was used. Graft patency was assessed with computed tomography angiography...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040271/effects-of-climate-change-on-the-occurrence-and-distribution-of-livestock-diseases
#10
B Bett, P Kiunga, J Gachohi, C Sindato, D Mbotha, T Robinson, J Lindahl, D Grace
The planet's mean air and ocean temperatures have been rising over the last century because of increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These changes have substantial effects on the epidemiology of infectious diseases. We describe direct and indirect processes linking climate change and infectious diseases in livestock with reference to specific case studies. Some of the studies are used to show a positive association between temperature and expansion of the geographical ranges of arthropod vectors (e.g. Culicoides imicola, which transmits bluetongue virus) while others are used to illustrate an opposite trend (e...
December 14, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040267/separation-of-enantiomers-of-chiral-weak-acids-with-polysaccharide-based-chiral-columns-and-aqueous-organic-mobile-phases-in-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-typical-reversed-phase-behavior
#11
Iza Matarashvili, Darejan Ghughunishvili, Lali Chankvetadze, Nino Takaishvili, Tamar Khatiashvili, Maia Tsintsadze, Tivadar Farkas, Bezhan Chankvetadze
When polysaccharide-based chiral columns are used in combination with aqueous-organic mobile phases for the separation of enantiomers in high-performance liquid chromatography the separation mode is commonly called "reversed-phase" in analogy to achiral separations. In several earlier and recent studies on neutral and basic chiral analytes it was shown by our and other groups that due to multiple type of interactions involved in selector-selectand binding and enantioselective recognition with polysaccharide derivatives, the above mentioned separation system may not always behave like a reversed-phase system...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038386/cognitive-functions-in-children-exposed-to-antiepileptic-drugs-in-utero-study-in-georgia
#12
Sofia Kasradze, Nino Gogatishvili, Giorgi Lomidze, Tamar Ediberidze, Marine Lazariashvili, Ketevan Khomeriki, Shorena Mamukadze, Mariam Metreveli, Tamar Gagoshidze, Nino Tatishvili, Torbjörn Tomson
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive teratogenicity of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) has gained increasing attention in the last decade. The objective of the current study was to assess the effects of AED fetal exposure on the cognitive development of children of mothers with epilepsy from Georgia in a controlled study taking into consideration major confounding factors. METHODS: A prospective cohort group was formed from children and mothers registered in the Georgian National AED-Pregnancy Registry...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035469/tree-ring-based-reconstruction-of-streamflow-for-the-zaqu-river-in-the-lancang-river-source-region-china-over-the-past-419%C3%A2-years
#13
Dingmu Xiao, Xuemei Shao, Ningsheng Qin, Xiaomei Huang
Tree-ring width standard chronologies were created from juniperus przewalskii Kom data collected in the Lancang River Headwaters region. Statistical analysis results showed high correlation (r = 0.69) between the composite tree-ring chronology and instrumental streamflow records at the Xiangda Hydrological Station during the annual September-August interval. Streamflow of the Zaqu River in the Lancang river source region was reconstructed for the past 419 years. The model was stable and revealed 14 extremely dry years and 6 extremely wet years...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032877/cuestionarios-de-actividad-f%C3%A3-sica-para-ni%C3%A3-os-y-adolescentes-espa%C3%A3-oles-una-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#14
I Martínez-Lemos, C Ayán Pérez, A Sánchez Lastra, J M Cancela Carral, R Valcarce Sánchez
Los cuestionarios de valoración de la prevalencia de actividad física son herramientas muy empleadas por los profesionales de la salud. Es importante poner en su conocimiento la calidad y características de los mismos. Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo identificar y analizar las características y propiedades psicométricas de este tipo de cuestionarios cuando han sido aplicados a niños y adolescentes españoles. Se encontraron un total de 14 cuestionarios, obteniéndose valores de validez adecuados en dos de ellos...
November 21, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032870/factores-perinatales-y-su-influencia-en-la-obesidad-infantil-estudio-de-casos-y-controles
#15
S Solano Nortes, T Lacruz Gascón, M Blanco Hurtado, T Moreno Ortega, B Real, M Graell Berna, A R Sepúlveda García
Fundamento. La etiología de la obesidad infantil es compleja y se encuentra implicada la interacción de factores genéticos y ambientales. Las complicaciones obstétricas se han asociado al desarrollo de trastornos mentales y médicos, incluida la obesidad. El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar la asociación entre las complicaciones durante el embarazo y el parto y el desarrollo de obesidad infantil.Participantes y método. Se presentan los datos de un estudio de casos y controles compuesto por 60 madres de niños con obesidad comparado con 92 madres de niños controles con normopeso y con edades comprendidas entre los 8 y 12 años...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029484/cities-influence-on-spatial-epidemics-comment-on-pattern-transitions-in-spatial-epidemics-mechanisms-and-emergent-properties-by-gui-quan-sun-et-al
#16
Boris Podobnik, Tomislav Lipic, Iva Bojic, Nino Antulov-Fantulin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028966/glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-gsk-3%C3%AE-and-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nfkb-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#17
Cristian Fabian Layton Tovar, Hugo Mendieta Zerón, Maria Del Socorro Camarillo Romero, Yanko V Fabila Sánchez, Isidoro Tejocote Romero
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is the most common hematologic malignancy in early childhood. In children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the activity of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3β) has been associated with changes in the transcriptional activity and expression of nuclear factor kappa beta (NFKB) in the mononuclear cells of bone marrow. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the possible role of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3β) and nuclear factor kappa beta (NFKB) as prognostic variables in pediatric patients with ALL...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028593/quantification-of-dimethylsulfoniopropionate-dmsp-in-acropora-spp-of-reef-building-coral-using-mass-spectrometry-with-deuterated-internal-standard
#18
Hilton B Swan, Elisabeth S M Deschaseaux, Graham B Jones, Bradley D Eyre
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) in scleractinian coral is usually analysed indirectly as dimethylsulfide (DMS) using gas chromatography (GC) with a sulfur-specific detector. We developed a headspace GC method for mass spectral analysis of DMSP in branching coral where hexa-deuterated DMSP (d 6 -DMSP) was added to samples and standards to optimise the analytical precision and quantitative accuracy. Using this indirect HS-GC-MS method, we show that common coral sample handling techniques did not alter DMSP concentrations in Acropora aspera and that endogenous DMS was insignificant compared to the store of DMSP in A...
December 27, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010767/enhanced-yield-of-ethylene-glycol-production-from-d-xylose-by-pathway-optimization-in-escherichia-coli
#19
Rhudith B Cabulong, Kris Niño G Valdehuesa, Kristine Rose M Ramos, Grace M Nisola, Won-Keun Lee, Chang Ro Lee, Wook-Jin Chung
The microbial production of renewable ethylene glycol (EG) has been gaining attention recently due to its growing importance in chemical and polymer industries. EG has been successfully produced biosynthetically from d-xylose through several novel pathways. The first report on EG biosynthesis employed the Dahms pathway in Escherichia coli wherein 71% of the theoretical yield was achieved. This report further improved the EG yield by implementing metabolic engineering strategies. First, d-xylonic acid accumulation was reduced by employing a weak promoter which provided a tighter control over Xdh expression...
February 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009169/photophysical-properties-of-s-se-and-te-substituted-deoxyguanosines-insight-into-their-ability-to-act-as-chemotherapeutic-agents
#20
Jenny Pirillo, Gloria Mazzone, Nino Russo, Luca Bertini
Guanine and guanosine derivatives have long been in use as anticancer drugs and recently have been proposed also as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy. By means of density functional theory and its time-dependent formulation, the potential power as UVA chemotherapeutic agents has been investigated computing the photophysical properties (absorption spectra, excitation energies, and spin-orbit matrix elements) of sulfur, selenium, and tellurium-substituted deoxyguanosines. Different pathways for the population of the lowest triplet state have been considered...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
keyword
keyword
30845
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"