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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244892/alterations-in-the-masticatory-system-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#1
Nina Riera-Punet, Jordi Martinez-Gomis, Andrés Paipa, Monica Povedano, Maria Peraire
AIMS: To determine the effect of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) on aspects of masticatory function and to assess the relationship between ALS and the prevalence of traumatic mucosal lesions caused by oral self-injury. METHODS: A total of 153 ALS patients and 23 control subjects participated in this cross-sectional study. Clinical characteristics including site of onset, medication, type of feeding, and use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation were recorded...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244538/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-quality-of-life-changes-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-colocare-study
#2
Biljana Gigic, Heiner Boeing, Reka Toth, Jürgen Böhm, Nina Habermann, Dominique Scherer, Petra Schrotz-King, Clare Abbenhardt-Martin, Stephanie Skender, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Karen Syrjala, Paul B Jacobsen, Martin Schneider, Alexis Ulrich, Cornelia M Ulrich
Quality of life (QoL) is an important clinical outcome in cancer patients. We investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The study included 192 CRC patients with available EORTC QLQ-C30 data before and 12 months post-surgery and food frequency questionnaire data at 12 months post-surgery. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Multivariate regression models assessed associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes over time...
December 15, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244078/patterns-of-plasma-glucagon-dynamics-do-not-match-metabolic-phenotypes-in-young-women
#3
Christina Gar, Marietta Rottenkolber, Vanessa Sacco, Sarah Moschko, Friederike Banning, Nina Hesse, Daniel Popp, Christoph Hübener, Jochen Seissler, Andreas Lechner
Context: The role of hyperglucagonemia in type 2 diabetes is still debated. Objective: We analyzed glucagon dynamics during oral glucose tolerance testing (oGTT) in young women with 1 out of 3 metabolic phenotypes: healthy control (normoglycemic after a normoglycemic pregnancy); normoglycemic high-risk (normoglycemic after a pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes); and prediabetes/screening-diagnosed T2D. We asked if glucagon patterns were homogeneous within the metabolic phenotypes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243567/building-hopeful-leaders
#4
Nina Fekaris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243211/manganese-concentrations-in-tissues-and-skin-of-three-dolphin-species-stranded-in-the-croatian-waters-of-the-adriatic-sea-from-1995-to-2013
#5
Maja Đokić, Nina Bilandžić, Marija Sedak, Martina Đuras, Tomislav Gomerčić, Miroslav Benić, Tomislav Bolanča
Manganese concentrations were determined in muscle, kidney, liver, spleen, lung and fat tissues and skin of three cetacean species, the bottlenose (Tursiops truncatus), striped (Stenella coeruleoalba) and Risso's (Grampus griseus) dolphins, stranded along the Croatian Adriatic coast between 1995 and 2013. Mean ranges determined in tissues were (mg/kg, ww): muscle 0.23-0.27, liver 2.87-4.00, kidney 0.66-1.26, spleen 0.37-0.79, lung 0.18-0.57, skin 0.11-0.97, fat 0.06-0.42. The highest Mn mean levels in tissues were measured in species (mg/kg, ww): T...
December 14, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243197/dimensional-latent-structure-of-early-disruptive-behavior-disorders-a-taxometric-analysis-in-preschoolers
#6
Sören Kliem, Nina Heinrichs, Anna Lohmann, Regina Bussing, Gudrun Schwarzer, Wolfgang Briegel
Although disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) are used as a distinct categorical diagnosis in clinical practice, they have repeatedly been described as having a dimensional structure in taxometric analyses. In the current study the authors analyzed the latent status of disruptive behaviors (DB) in a large sample (N = 2,808) of German preschool children (2-6 years old, mean age 53.7 months, SD = 13.5, 48.4% girls). The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) as well as the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were used to compile indicators of the DB core dimensions (Temper Loss, Aggression, Noncompliance, and Low Concern for others)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243115/activity-of-taurolidine-gels-on-ex-vivo-periodontal-biofilm
#7
Luca Pirracchio, Aline Joos, Nina Luder, Anton Sculean, Sigrun Eick
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the activity of two different taurolidine (TAU) gels in comparison with a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gel on an ex vivo subgingival biofilm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subgingival including supragingival biofilm samples from periodontitis patients were cultured for 10 days, before TAU 1% and TAU 3% gels and CHX gel were applied for 10 min and thereafter diluted with nutrient media to 10% for 50 min. One third of the samples were analyzed for bacterial counts, biofilm quantity, and biofilm metabolic activity...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243007/comparison-of-telephone-and-televideo-modes-for-delivery-of-genetic-counseling-a-randomized-trial
#8
Corrine I Voils, Vickie L Venne, Hollis Weidenbacher, Nina Sperber, Santanu Datta
Telephone and televideo have yielded equivalent patient satisfaction and psychosocial outcomes when compared to in-person genetic counseling, yet little is known about how they compare to one another. In this randomized controlled trial, veterans received genetic counseling via telephone or traveled to a clinic to participate via encrypted televideo. Knowledge and visit satisfaction were assessed 2 weeks later. Travel time, mileage, and out-of-pocket costs were calculated for videoconferencing. Qualitative interviews were conducted with patients and counselors to assess acceptability...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242111/autologous-transplantation-in-follicular-lymphoma-with-early-therapy-failure-a-nlcs-and-cibmtr-analysis
#9
Carla Casulo, Jonathan W Friedberg, Kwang Woo Ahn, Christopher Flowers, Alyssa DiGilio, Sonali M Smith, Sairah Ahmed, David Inwards, Mahmoud Aljurf, Andy I Chen, Hannah Choe, Jonathon Cohen, Edward Copelan, Umar Farooq, Timothy S Fenske, Cesar Freytes, Sameh Gaballa, Siddhartha Ganguly, Yogesh Jethava, Rammurti T Kamble, Vaishalee P Kenkre, Hillard Lazarus, Aleksandr Lazaryan, Richard F Olsson, Andrew R Rezvani, David Rizzieri, Sachiko Seo, Gunjan L Shah, Nina Shah, Melham Solh, Anna Sureda, Basem William, Aaron Cumpston, Andrew D Zelenetz, Brian K Link, Mehdi Hamadani
Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) experiencing early therapy failure (ETF) within two years of frontline chemoimmunotherapy have poor overall survival (OS). We analyzed data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) and the National LymphoCare Study (NLCS) to determine whether autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (autoHCT) can improve outcomes in this high-risk FL subgroup.ETF was defined as failure to achieve at least partial response after frontline chemoimmunotherapy or lymphoma progression within two years of frontline chemoimmunotherapy...
December 11, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240971/functional-limitation-of-the-masticatory-system-in-patients-with-bulbar-involvement-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#10
Nina Riera-Punet, Jordi Martinez-Gomis, Eva Willaert, Monica Povedano, Maria Peraire
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with bulbar dysfunction affects the motor neurons responsible for controlling the muscles in the jaw, face, soft palate, pharynx, larynx, and tongue. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the functional limitation of the jaw in patients with ALS and bulbar dysfunction who had upper motor neurons (UMN), lower motor neurons (LMN) or balanced involvement. One hundred and fifty three patients with ALS and 23 controls were included. All participants answered using the eight-item Jaw Functional Limitation Scale (JFLS-8)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238996/quality-management-of-a-massive-transfusion-protocol
#11
John R Hess, Patrick J Ramos, Nina E Sen, Virginia G Cruz-Cody, Erin E Tuott, Max J Louzon, Eileen M Bulger, Saman Arbabi, Monica B Pagano, Ryan A Metcalf
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion is a response to massive uncontrolled hemorrhage. To be effective, it must be timely and address the patient's needs for blood volume, oxygen transport, and hemostasis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A review was performed on all activations of the massive transfusion protocol (MTP) in a hospital with large emergency medicine, trauma, and vascular surgery programs. Indications, transfused amounts, and outcomes were determined for each MTP event to determine appropriateness of MTP use...
December 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238531/the-saturniidae-of-barro-colorado-island-panama-a-model-taxon-for-studying-the-long-term-effects-of-climate-change
#12
Yves Basset, Greg P A Lamarre, Tom Ratz, Simon T Segar, Thibaud Decaëns, Rodolphe Rougerie, Scott E Miller, Filonila Perez, Ricardo Bobadilla, Yacksecari Lopez, José Alejandro Ramirez, Annette Aiello, Héctor Barrios
We have little knowledge of the response of invertebrate assemblages to climate change in tropical ecosystems, and few studies have compiled long-term data on invertebrates from tropical rainforests. We provide an updated list of the 72 species of Saturniidae moths collected on Barro Colorado Island (BCI), Panama, during the period 1958-2016. This list will serve as baseline data for assessing long-term changes of saturniids on BCI in the future, as 81% of the species can be identified by their unique DNA Barcode Index Number, including four cryptic species not yet formally described...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238417/the-effect-of-music-intervention-on-dental-anxiety-during-dental-extraction-procedure
#13
Tantry Maulina, Nina Djustiana, M Nurhalim Shahib
Background: In order to minimize the possibility of unsuccessful dental extraction procedure due to dental anxiety, there are several approaches that can be used, including music intervention. Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of classical and religious Islamic music on reducing dental anxiety. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty-five muslim participants (105 males, 120 females) were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to three groups: classical music group, religious Islamic music group, and the group with no music intervention, equally in numbers...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238310/parameter-based-evaluation-of-attentional-impairments-in-schizophrenia-and-their-modulation-by-prefrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation
#14
Nadine Gögler, Irina Papazova, Tatiana Oviedo-Salcedo, Nina Filipova, Wolfgang Strube, Johanna Funk, Hermann J Müller, Kathrin Finke, Alkomiet Hasan
Background: Attentional dysfunctions constitute core cognitive symptoms in schizophrenia, but the precise underlying neurocognitive mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study, we applied, for the first time, a theoretically grounded modeling approach based on Bundesen's Theory of Visual Attention (TVA) to (i) identify specific visual attentional parameters affected in schizophrenia and (ii) assess, as a proof of concept, the potential of single-dose anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS; 20 min, 2 mA) to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex to modulate these attentional parameters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238274/hormetic-response-by-silver-nanoparticles-on-in-vitro-multiplication-of-sugarcane-saccharum-spp-cv-mex-69-290-using-a-temporary-immersion-system
#15
Jericó J Bello-Bello, Rocío A Chavez-Santoscoy, Carlos A Lecona-Guzmán, Nina Bogdanchikova, Josafhat Salinas-Ruíz, Fernando Carlos Gómez-Merino, Alexey Pestryakov
Background: Hormesis is considered a dose-response phenomenon characterized by growth stimulation at low doses and inhibition at high doses. The hormetic response by silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on in vitro multiplication of sugarcane was evaluated using a temporary immersion system. Methods: Sugarcane shoots were used as explants cultured in Murashige and Skoog medium with AgNPs at concentrations of 0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/L. Shoot multiplication rate and length were used to determine hormetic response...
October 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237817/an-arf6-and-caveolae-dependent-pathway-links-hemidesmosome-remodeling-and-mechanoresponse
#16
Naël Osmani, Julien Pontabry, Jordi Comelles, Nina Fekonja, Jacky G Goetz, Daniel Riveline, Elisabeth Georges-Labouesse, Michel Labouesse
Hemidesmosomes (HDs) are epithelial-specific cell-matrix adhesions, which stably anchor the intracellular keratin network to the extracellular matrix. Although their main role is to protect the epithelial sheet from external mechanical strain, how HDs respond to mechanical stress remains poorly understood. Here we identify a pathway essential for HD remodeling, and outline its role with respect to α6β4 integrin recycling. We find that α6β4 integrin chains localize to the plasma membrane, caveolae and Arf6+ endocytic compartments...
December 13, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237796/csf-neurofilament-light-concentration-is-increased-in-presymptomatic-chmp2b-mutation-carriers
#17
Nina Rostgaard, Peter Roos, Erik Portelius, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Anja H Simonsen, Jørgen E Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: A rare cause of familial frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a mutation in the CHMP2B gene on chromosome 3 (FTD-3), described in a Danish family. Here we examine whether CSF biomarkers change in the preclinical phase of the disease. METHODS: In this cross-sectional explorative study, we analyzed CSF samples from 16 mutation carriers and 14 noncarriers from the Danish FTD-3 family. CSF biomarkers included total tau (t-tau) and neurofilament light chain (NfL) as a marker for neurodegeneration, phosphorylated tau (p-tau) as a marker for tau pathology, β-amyloid (Aβ) 38, 40, and 42 (Aβ38, Aβ40, and Aβ42) to monitor Aβ metabolism, and YKL-40 as a marker of neuroinflammation...
December 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237740/grhl2-is-required-for-collecting-duct-epithelial-barrier-function-and-renal-osmoregulation
#18
Christian Hinze, Janett Ruffert, Katharina Walentin, Nina Himmerkus, Elham Nikpey, Olav Tenstad, Helge Wiig, Kerim Mutig, Zeliha Yesim Yurtdas, Janet D Klein, Jeff M Sands, Federica Branchi, Michael Schumann, Sebastian Bachmann, Markus Bleich, Kai M Schmidt-Ott
Collecting ducts make up the distal-most tubular segments of the kidney, extending from the cortex, where they connect to the nephron proper, into the medulla, where they release urine into the renal pelvis. During water deprivation, body water preservation is ensured by the selective transepithelial reabsorption of water into the hypertonic medullary interstitium mediated by collecting ducts. The collecting duct epithelium forms tight junctions composed of barrier-enforcing claudins and exhibits a higher transepithelial resistance than other segments of the renal tubule exhibit...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237516/utility-of-cardiac-mri-in-paediatric-myocarditis
#19
Alice Hales-Kharazmi, Nina Hirsch, Michael Kelleman, Timothy Slesnick, Shriprasad R Deshpande
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic role of cardiac MRI in myocarditis is evolving, however with extremely limited data in paediatrics. The goal of this study was to assess the utility of cardiac MRI in paediatric myocarditis and present a new prognostic score for risk stratification. METHOD: The present study is a retrospective investigation of children with a clinical diagnosis of myocarditis, including analysis of demographics, clinical presentation, diagnostic studies, including cardiac MRI, and outcomes...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237163/postoperative-adjuvante-therapie-mit-einem-mistelextrakt-viscum-album-ssp-album-bei-h%C3%A3-ndinnen-mit-mammatumoren
#20
Ulrike Biegel, Nina Stratmann, Yvonne Knauf, Katja Ruess, Marcus Reif, Axel Wehrend
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
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