Read by QxMD icon Read

lower back

Z B Pi, J K Zhang, Y Peng, Y Jin, H Lin
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided spinal nerve posterior ramus pulsed radiofrequency treatment of lower back post-herpetic neuralgia. Methods: One hundred and twenty-eight cases of lower back or anterior abdominal wall acute post-herpetic neuralgia patients were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two groups. Group A: oral treatment only with gabapentin+ celecoxib+ amitriptyline. Group B: while taking these drugs, patients were treated with radiofrequency pulses using a portable ultrasound device and the paravertebral puncture technique...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Cui Feng, Di Zhu, Xianlun Zou, Anqin Li, Xuemei Hu, Zhen Li, Daoyu Hu
To investigate the subjective and quantitative image quality and radiation exposure of CT enterography (CTE) examination performed at low tube voltage and low concentration of contrast agent with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) algorithm, compared with conventional CTE.One hundred thirty-seven patients with suspected or proved gastrointestinal diseases underwent contrast enhanced CTE in a multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scanner. All cases were assigned to 2 groups. Group A (n = 79) underwent CT with low tube voltage based on patient body mass index (BMI) (BMI < 23 kg/m, 80 kVp; BMI ≥ 23 kg/m, 100 kVp) and low concentration of contrast agent (270 mg I/mL), the images were reconstructed with standard filtered back projection (FBP) algorithm and 50% ASIR algorithm...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jacob Dodd, Kara Hoverson, Leonard C Sperling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Jacob Dodd, Kara Hoverson, Leonard C Sperling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Xi Zhou, Tingjun Zhang, Zhongqin Li, Yan Tao, Feiteng Wang, Xin Zhang, Chunhai Xu, Shan Ma, Ju Huang
Airborne pollutant characteristics, potential sources, and variation trends of cause are investigated based on the hourly air concentrations of gaseous pollutants and particulate matter from 2013 to 2016 in Lanzhou. The mean concentration of SO2 , NO2 , CO, 8-hO3 , PM2.5 , and PM10 was 25.2 ± 16.0 μg m-3 , 46.5 ± 21.1 μg m-3 , 1.3 ± 0.7 mg m-3 , 77.8 ± 45.5 μg m-3 , 58.7 ± 32.9 μg m-3 , and 131.1 ± 86.2 μg m-3 , respectively. The concentrations of SO2 , PM10 , and PM2...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Wayne West, Doreen Brady-West, Keon P West
Purpose: To compare the relationship between obesity markers Body Mass Index (BMI) and Back Fat Thickness (BFT) and oedema in the lumbo-sacral subcutaneous adipose tissue. Patients and methods: A retrospective study was performed of consecutive Magnetic Resonance Imaging examinations on 149 adults (95 females and 54 males) scanned at 1.5T between October 1 and December 31, 2010. The extent of oedema was graded from 1 to 8 based on the number of involved anatomical segments on the Fat Sat sequence...
January 2018: Heliyon
Min Kyung Shin, Hee Seung Yang, Hea-Eun Yang, Dae Hyun Kim, Bo Ram Ahn, Hyup Kwon, Ju Hwan Lee, Suk Jung, Hyun Chul Choi, Sun Keaung Yun, Dong Young Ahn, Woo Sob Sim
Objective: To analyze the effect of lumbar strengthening exercise in lower-limb amputees with chronic low back pain. Methods: We included in this prospective study 19 lower-limb amputees who had experienced low back pain for longer than 6 months. Participants were treated with 30-minute lumbar strengthening exercises, twice weekly, for 8 weeks. We used the visual analog scale (VAS), and Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire, and measured parameters such as iliopsoas length, abdominal muscle strength, back extensor strength, and back extensor endurance...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Eric A Woodcock, Chaitali Anand, Dalal Khatib, Vaibhav A Diwadkar, Jeffrey A Stanley
Glutamate is involved in excitatory neurotransmission and metabolic processes related to brain function. Previous studies using proton functional magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H fMRS) have demonstrated elevated cortical glutamate levels by 2-4% during visual and motor stimulation, relative to periods of no stimulation. Here, we extended this approach to working memory cognitive task performance, which has been consistently associated with dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) activation. Sixteen healthy adult volunteers completed a continuous visual fixation "rest" task followed by a letter 2-back working memory task during1 H fMRS acquisition of the left dlPFC, which encompassed Brodmann areas 45 and 46 over a 4...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Takaaki Kobayashi, Nitzy Munoz Casablanca, Matthew Harrington
We present a case of pyeloduodenal fistula in an 89-year-old woman with history of nephrolithiasis and recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) who presented to the emergency department with back pain. CT revealed a malrotated right kidney with a large renal stone and possible fistulous connection between the second portion of the duodenum and the right renal collecting system. Technetium-99m scintigraphy confirmed presence of the fistula. The patient declined intervention and was discharged from the hospital with oral antibiotic suppressive therapy...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Benjamin T Pollard, Anthony N Turner, Robin Eager, Daniel J Cunningham, Christian J Cook, Patrick Hogben, Liam P Kilduff
OBJECTIVES: Rugby union is a high intensity intermittent sport, typically analysed via set time periods or rolling average methods. This study reports the demands of international rugby union via global positioning system (GPS) metrics expressed as mean ball in play (BiP), maximum BiP (max BiP), and whole match outputs. DESIGN: Single cohort cross sectional study involving 22 international players, categorised as forwards and backs. METHODS: A total of 88 GPS files from eight international test matches were collected during 2016...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Xiaopeng Zhou, Jingkai Wang, Weijing Fang, Yiqing Tao, Tengfei Zhao, Kaishun Xia, Chengzhen Liang, Jianming Hua, Fangcai Li, Qixin Chen
Nucleus pulposus (NP) degeneration is usually the origin of intervertebral disc degeneration and consequent lower back pain. Although adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC)-based therapy is regarded to be promising for the treatment of degenerated NP, there is a lack of viable cell carriers to transplant ADSCs into the NP while maintaining cell function. In this study, we developed a type II collagen/chondroitin sulfate (CS) composite hydrogel-like ADSC (CCSA) delivery system with genipin as the cross-linking agent...
March 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Nicolas Noël, Béatrice Jacquelin, Nicolas Huot, Cécile Goujard, Olivier Lambotte, Michaela Müller-Trutwin
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) induces a persistent and incurable infection. However, the combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) has markedly changed the evolution of the infection and transformed a deadly disease into a manageable chronic infection. Withdrawal of cART generally leads though to resumption of the viral replication. The eradication of the virus from its cellular and anatomical reservoirs remains a goal-to-achieve for a cure. In this context, developing novel therapies contributing to this aim are an important field of research...
March 9, 2018: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
Hugo Placido da Silva
With the advent of low-cost computing platforms, such as Arduino ( and Raspberry Pi (, it has become clear that lowering the cost barrier and shortening the learning curve, with the backing of a motivated community, would play a transformational role in the way people learn, experiment, and create imaginative solutions to outstanding problems that can benefit from embedded systems.
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
László Márk, Mária Nagy, Győző Dani, Csaba Baranyai, Marianna Borbély, András Katona, Zoltán Jambrik
INTRODUCTION: The actual guidelines of cardiovascular prevention lay special emphasis on the lipid-lowering therapy of patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome (ACS). AIM: To evaluate the occurrence of high-intensity statin therapy, recommended by guidelines, at discharge in a Hungarian county hospital with hemodynamic laboratory in patients who underwent percutaneous intervention, furthermore the LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and goal attainment rate in the first year...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Purva V Sharma, Michael Witteman, Swethika Sundaravel, Tulisa Larocca, Yuanming Zhang, Harry Goldsztajn
Adult T cell lymphoma (ATL), is a peripheral T cell neoplasm associated with infection by human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV). This is a case of a 28-year-old lady who presented with back pain for the past month and recent onset weakness in her lower extremities bilaterally. She has a history of T-cell lymphoma secondary to HTLV-1 under remission since 2014 and systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by lupus nephritis. On physical examination patient had hyper-reflexia in both knees, ankle clonus bilaterally and spasticity in both her lower extremities...
February 2018: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Oliver J S Tallowin, Karin Tamar, Shai Meiri, Allen Allison, Fred Kraus, Stephen J Richards, Paul M Oliver
Regions with complex geological histories present a major challenge for scientists studying the processes that have shaped their biotas. The history of the vast and biologically rich tropical island of New Guinea is particularly complex and poorly resolved. Competing geological models propose New Guinea emerged as a substantial landmass either during the Mid-Miocene or as recently as the Pliocene. Likewise, the estimated timing for the uplift of the high Central Cordillera, spanning the length of the island, differs across models...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Christine M Wickens, Rosely Flam-Zalcman, Gina Stoduto, Chloe Docherty, Rita K Thomas, Tara Marie Watson, Justin Matheson, Kamna Mehra, Robert E Mann
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been increasing attention to "lower BAC" drinking drivers, typically those whose blood alcohol content (BAC) is under the legal limits defined in criminal law. In 2009, legislation was enacted in Ontario, Canada that enabled police to issue roadside license suspensions to individuals caught driving with BAC between 0.05% and 0.08%, known as the "warn range". Multiple warn range (MWR) offenders are required to attend the Back on Track (BOT) remedial measures program...
March 15, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Cynthia L Miltenburg, Todd F Duffield, Dorothee Bienzle, Elizabeth L Scholtz, Stephen J LeBlanc
The determinants of metabolic and reproductive health disorders in the peripartum period and the degree to which feeding and lying space and management can influence health are only partially understood. The objective of this randomized controlled study was to determine whether providing noncompetitive feeding and lying access in the close-up dry period improves health and immune function. Forty-eight Holstein cows of all parities were randomly assigned to a treatment group of 6 to 10 cows in 1 pen with either 80% cows to stalls and 90 cm of feeding space per cow (understocked) or 120% stocking density and 45 cm of feeding space per cow (overstocked) for 3 wk before expected calving...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Lindsay M Fox, Mikiko Murakami, Houman Danesh, Alex F Manini
INTRODUCTION: Battlefield acupuncture (BFA) is an ear acupuncture protocol used by the military for immediate pain relief. This is a pilot feasibility study of BFA as a treatment for acute low back pain (LBP) in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Thirty acute LBP patients that presented to ED were randomized to standard care plus BFA or standard care alone. In the BFA group, outcomes were assessed at the time of randomization, 5 min after intervention, and again within 1 h after intervention...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Erebouni Arakelian, Emma Laurssen, Caisa Öster
PURPOSE: To examine anxiety and what older patients worry about related to anesthesia and colorectal surgery, and their perceptions regarding nurses' ability to ease preoperative worry. DESIGN: Qualitative individual face-to-face interviews. METHODS: The study included 18 patients aged between 62 and 91 years with lower abdominal tumors. The study was conducted in two day-surgery wards in Sweden. Interview data were analyzed with Malterud's systematic text condensation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"