keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Midthigh

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722271/beyond-glycemic-control-a-cross-over-double-blind-24-week-intervention-with-liraglutide-in-type-1-diabetes
#1
M-C Dubé, M D'Amours, S J Weisnagel
AIMS: To investigate the effects of 24 weeks of treatment with liraglutide added to basal/bolus insulin on anthropometric and metabolic parameters in overweight participants with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a double-blind cross-over fashion, 15 participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive placebo (saline solution) or liraglutide for 24 weeks including a one-month titration period from 0.6 mg to 1.2 mg to 1.8 mg, in addition to their insulin. The treatment was followed by a 1 month wash-out period...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638294/persistent-sciatic-artery-a-favorable-anatomic-variant-in-a-setting-of-trauma
#2
William Shaffer, Mary Maher, Michael Maristany, Bahri Ustunsoz, Bradley Spieler
BACKGROUND: Persistent sciatic artery (PSA) is a rare congenital anomaly of the circulation of the lower limb that results from the persistence of an artery that normally regresses early in embryonic development. PSA is usually an incidental finding and is exceedingly rare to find bilaterally. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a rare presentation of PSA that resulted in a favorable outcome for a patient who sustained a gunshot wound to his midthigh and discuss the history, embryology, anatomy, classification schema, imaging evaluation, complications, diagnosis, and management of PSA...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316309/high-resolution-ct-angiogram-for-lower-extremity-vein-mapping
#3
Mark P Wright, Matthew R Smeds, Lonnie Wright, Ahsan T Ali
High-resolution CT angiogram (CTA) has replaced traditional diagnostic angiography as the main preoperative imaging modality for vascular surgery patients. Although the use of CTA is increasing for arterial imaging, it has not been used routinely for vein mapping. The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of CTA for venous anatomy and compare it to a standard venous duplex ultrasound (DUS). When the vein was used for bypass, the quality and size of the vein were evaluated in the operating room. As part of a preoperative workup before lower extremity revascularization, 16 patients underwent a CTA followed by a DUS...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284885/predictors-of-recanalization-for-incompetent-great-saphenous-veins-treated-with-cyanoacrylate-glue
#4
Yiu Che Chan, Yuk Law, Grace C Cheung, Stephen W Cheng
PURPOSE: To determine predictors of recanalization in patients treated with endovenous cyanoacrylate. METHODS: Follow-up by serial clinical and duplex examinations was performed at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months of 108 legs in 55 patients (21 men, median age 65 y) with primary varicose veins treated with endovenous cyanoacrylate. Cox regression analysis was used to examine venous characteristics before the procedure: diameter of great saphenous vein (GSV), treatment length of GSV, presence of incompetent perforators, clinical severity of varicose vein, and experience of operator as predictors of recanalization...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272998/assessing-fat-mass-of-adolescent-swimmers-using-anthropometric-equations-a-dxa-validation-study
#5
Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Cristina Julián-Almárcegui, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Alejandro González-Agüero, José A Casajús, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to determine which of the published anthropometric equations is the most appropriate to estimate body-fat percentage (BF%) in adolescent swimmers. METHOD: Eighty-eight swimmers (45 boys, 43 girls) participated in this study. Following the recommendations of the International Society of the Advancement of Kinanthropometry, biceps, triceps, subscapular, iliac-crest, supraspinale, front-thigh, and medial calf skinfold thicknesses were measured...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245668/first-human-experience-with-autologous-schwann-cells-to-supplement-sciatic-nerve-repair-report-of-2-cases-with-long-term-follow-up
#6
Zachary C Gersey, S Shelby Burks, Kim D Anderson, Marine Dididze, Aisha Khan, W Dalton Dietrich, Allan D Levi
OBJECTIVE Long-segment injuries to large peripheral nerves present a challenge to surgeons because insufficient donor tissue limits repair. Multiple supplemental approaches have been investigated, including the use of Schwann cells (SCs). The authors present the first 2 cases using autologous SCs to supplement a peripheral nerve graft repair in humans with long-term follow-up data. METHODS Two patients were enrolled in an FDA-approved trial to assess the safety of using expanded populations of autologous SCs to supplement the repair of long-segment injuries to the sciatic nerve...
March 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129234/inflammation-relates-to-resistance-training-induced-hypertrophy-in-elderly-patients
#7
Kristoffer Larsen Norheim, Christopher Kjaer Cullum, Jesper Loevind Andersen, Michael Kjaer, Anders Karlsen
PURPOSE: Aging is associated with a gradual loss of muscle mass, which some have suggested to be accelerated by short periods of muscle disuse due to medical illness. We investigated the effect of hospitalization on skeletal muscle mass in acutely ill geriatric patients with focus on the relationship between systemic inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) and changes in muscle mass, as well as the influence of resistance training upon muscle mass. METHOD: Unilateral leg press resistance exercise was conducted daily during the hospital period...
January 26, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707556/adductor-canal-block-and-lateral-approach-of-sciatic-nerve-block-at-the-midthigh-level
#8
Yasuhiro Morimoto, Tatsunori Haruoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104941/physeal-separation-and-complete-resorption-of-femoral-head-associated-with-chronic-osteomyelitis-of-femoral-diaphysis-in-a-young-child-rare-case-report
#9
Praveen K Pandey, Inder Pawar, Jyoti Gupta
We report the case of a two and a half-year-old girl who presented with injury to the right thigh along with a discharging sinus in the midthigh region following a nonorthopaedic surgical procedure. Radiographs of the thigh indicated osteomyelitis of the femoral diaphysis with pathological fracture. During follow-up examination, shortening was observed in the affected limb, along with complete separation of the femoral epiphysis with partial resorption of the femoral head. A few cases of physeal separation of the femoral head following osteomyelitis of the femoral diaphysis have been reported in the published literature, but still it may go undiagnosed until late stages because of the lack of awareness among orthopaedicians about this entity...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053783/effects-of-irrigation-fluid-in-shoulder-arthroscopy
#10
Surbhi Gupta, M Manjuladevi, K S Vasudeva Upadhyaya, A M Kutappa, Rajkumar Amaravathi, J Arpana
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Extravasation of irrigation fluid used in shoulder arthroscopy can lead to life-threatening airway and systemic complications. This study was conducted to assess the effect of irrigation fluid absorption on measurable anthropometric parameters and to identify whether these parameters predict airway/respiratory compromise. METHODS: Thirty six American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status one or two patients aged 15-60 years undergoing shoulder arthroscopy under general anaesthesia were recruited...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003451/the-effects-of-attentional-focusing-instructions-on-force-production-during-the-isometric-midthigh-pull
#11
Israel Halperin, Kym J Williams, David T Martin, Dale W Chapman
Verbal instructions play a key role in motor learning and performance. Whereas directing one's attention toward bodily movements or muscles (internal focus) tends to hinder performance, instructing persons to focus on the movement outcome, or an external object related to the performed task (external focus) enhances performance. The study's purpose was to examine whether focus of attention affects maximal force production during an isometric midthigh pull (IMTP) among 18 trained athletes (8F & 10M). Athletes performed 3 IMTP trials a day for 3 consecutive days...
April 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994780/psoas-muscle-cross-sectional-area-as-a-measure%C3%A2-of-whole-body-lean-muscle-mass-in%C3%A2-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Glen R Morrell, Talat A Ikizler, Xiaorui Chen, Marta E Heilbrun, Guo Wei, Robert Boucher, Srinivasan Beddhu
OBJECTIVE: We investigate whether psoas or paraspinous muscle area measured on a single L4-L5 image is a useful measure of whole lean body mass (LBM) compared to dedicated midthigh magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Outpatient dialysis units and a research clinic. SUBJECTS: One hundred five adult participants on maintenance hemodialysis. No control group was used. INTERVENTION: Psoas muscle area, paraspinous muscle area, and midthigh muscle area (MTMA) were measured by magnetic resonance imaging...
July 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345641/relation-between-systemic-inflammatory-markers-peripheral-muscle-mass-and-strength-in-limb-muscles-in-stable-copd-patients
#13
Renata Ferrari, Laura M O Caram, Marcia M Faganello, Fernanda F Sanchez, Suzana E Tanni, Irma Godoy
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between systemic inflammatory mediators and peripheral muscle mass and strength in COPD patients. Fifty-five patients (69% male; age: 64±9 years) with mild/very severe COPD (defined as forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1] =54%±23%) were evaluated. We evaluated serum concentrations of IL-8, CRP, and TNF-α. Peripheral muscle mass was evaluated by computerized tomography (CT); midthigh cross-sectional muscle area (MTCSA) and midarm cross-sectional muscle area (MACSA) were obtained...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187197/muscle-volume-is-related-to-trabecular-and-cortical-bone-architecture-in-typically-developing-children
#14
Deepti Bajaj, Brianne M Allerton, Joshua T Kirby, Freeman Miller, David A Rowe, Ryan T Pohlig, Christopher M Modlesky
INTRODUCTION: Muscle is strongly related to cortical bone architecture in children; however, the relationship between muscle volume and trabecular bone architecture is poorly studied. The aim of this study was to determine if muscle volume is related to trabecular bone architecture in children and if the relationship is different than the relationship between muscle volume and cortical bone architecture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty typically developing children (20 boys and 20 girls; 6 to 12y) were included in the study...
December 2015: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26016860/what-is-the-best-reference-site-for-a-single-mri-slice-to-assess-whole-body-skeletal-muscle-and-adipose-tissue-volumes-in-healthy-adults
#15
Lisa Schweitzer, Corinna Geisler, Maryam Pourhassan, Wiebke Braun, Claus-Christian Glüer, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Manfred J Müller
BACKGROUND: Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for the assessment of skeletal muscle (SM) and adipose tissue volumes. It is unclear whether single-slice estimates can replace whole-body data. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the accuracy of the best single lumbar and midthigh MRI slice to assess whole-body SM, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). DESIGN: Whole-body MRI was performed in 142 healthy adults aged 19-65 y [mean ± SD age: 37...
July 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25969469/asymmetry-in-ct-scan-measures-of-thigh-muscle-2-months-after-hip-fracture-the-baltimore-hip-studies
#16
Ram R Miller, Marty Eastlack, Gregory E Hicks, Dawn E Alley, Michelle D Shardell, Denise L Orwig, Bret H Goodpaster, Peter J Chomentowski, William G Hawkes, Marc C Hochberg, Luigi Ferrucci, Jay Magaziner
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is an important problem for older adults with significant functional consequences. After hip fracture, reduced muscle loading can result in muscle atrophy. METHODS: We compared thigh muscle characteristics in the fractured leg to those in the nonfractured leg in participants from the Baltimore Hip Studies 7th cohort using computed tomography scan imaging. RESULTS: At 2 months postfracture, a single 10mm axial computed tomography scan was obtained at the midthigh level in 43 participants (23 men, 20 women) with a mean age of 79...
October 2015: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25958401/asymmetry-in-ct-scan-measures-of-thigh-muscle-2-months-after-hip-fracture-the-baltimore-hip-studies
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ram R Miller, Marty Eastlack, Gregory E Hicks, Dawn E Alley, Michelle D Shardell, Denise L Orwig, Bret H Goodpaster, Peter J Chomentowski, William G Hawkes, Marc C Hochberg, Luigi Ferrucci, Jay Magaziner
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is an important problem for older adults with significant functional consequences. After hip fracture, reduced muscle loading can result in muscle atrophy. METHODS: We compared thigh muscle characteristics in the fractured leg with those in the nonfractured leg in participants from the Baltimore Hip Studies 7th cohort using computed tomography (CT) scan imaging. RESULTS: At 2 months postfracture, a single 10-mm axial CT scan was obtained at the midthigh level in 47 participants (26 men and 21 women) with a mean age of 80...
June 2015: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25816355/development-of-a-rabbit-model-of-radiation-induced-sciatic-nerve-injury-in-vivo-evaluation-using-t2-relaxation-time-measurements
#18
Qi Wan, Qian Zeng, Xinchun Li, Chongpeng Sun, Jiaxuan Zhou, Qiao Zou, Yingshi Deng, Daoli Niu
OBJECTIVES: To develop a rabbit model of radiation-induced sciatic nerve injury (RISNI), using computed tomography (CT)-guided stereotactic radiosurgery, and assess the value of T2 measurements of injured nerves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into A (n = 5) and B (n = 15) groups. Group A rabbits underwent CT and magnetic resonance scan and were then killed for comparison of images and anatomy of sciatic nerves. One side of the sciatic nerve of group B rabbits received irradiation doses of 35, 50, or 70 Gy (n = 5 per group)...
July 2015: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25748031/muscle-quality-and-muscle-fat-infiltration-in-relation-to-incident-mobility-disability-and-gait-speed-decline-the-age-gene-environment-susceptibility-reykjavik-study
#19
Ilse Reinders, Rachel A Murphy, Annemarie Koster, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Melissa E Garcia, Lenore J Launer, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Palmi V Jonsson, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with increased risk of reduced mobility. However, data on muscle components in relation to subjective and objective indicators of disability is limited. METHODS: Data were from 2,725 participants (43% men) aged 74.8±4.7 years from the AGES-Reykjavik Study. At baseline, maximal isometric thigh strength (dynamometer chair), and midthigh muscle area and muscle fat infiltration were assessed with computed tomography. Usual 6 m gait speed and mobility disability were assessed at baseline and after 5...
August 2015: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25299525/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-median-and-sciatic-nerves-in-hemiplegic-patients-after-stroke
#20
Fatma Gülçin Uğurlu, Tülay Tiftik, Murat Kara, Canan Türkkan, Murat Ersöz, Selami Akkuş, Levent Özçakar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate morphologically and electrophysiologically the peripheral nerves of hemiplegic patients. DESIGN: Thirty-three (18 women and 15 men) stroke patients were recruited. The mean (SD) age was 55.6 (11.3) yrs, and the mean (SD) disease duration was 14.2 (16.0) mos. Motor nerve conduction study of the median, ulnar, fibular, and tibial nerves as well as sensory nerve conduction study of the median, ulnar, and sural nerves were performed...
June 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
30837
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"