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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640686/prevalence-of-financial-fraud-and-scams-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
David Burnes, Charles R Henderson, Christine Sheppard, Rebecca Zhao, Karl Pillemer, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633401/biomedical-text-mining-for-research-rigor-and-integrity-tasks-challenges-directions
#2
Halil Kilicoglu
An estimated quarter of a trillion US dollars is invested in the biomedical research enterprise annually. There is growing alarm that a significant portion of this investment is wasted because of problems in reproducibility of research findings and in the rigor and integrity of research conduct and reporting. Recent years have seen a flurry of activities focusing on standardization and guideline development to enhance the reproducibility and rigor of biomedical research. Research activity is primarily communicated via textual artifacts, ranging from grant applications to journal publications...
June 13, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630096/china-vows-to-clamp-down-on-academic-fraud-amid-medical-journal-scandal
#3
Jane Parry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624673/a-geographical-analysis-of-trafficking-on-a-popular-darknet-market
#4
Julian Broséus, Damien Rhumorbarbe, Marie Morelato, Ludovic Staehli, Quentin Rossy
Cryptomarkets are online marketplaces, located on the darknet, that facilitate the trading of a variety of illegal goods, mostly drugs. While the literature essentially focus on drugs, various other goods and products related to financial or identity fraud, firearms, counterfeit goods, as well as doping products are also offered on these marketplaces. Through the analysis of relevant data collected on a popular marketplace in 2014-2015, Evolution, this research provides an analysis of the structure of trafficking (types and proportions of products, number of vendors and shipping countries)...
June 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621556/exposure-to-sexual-stimuli-induces-greater-discounting-leading-to-increased-involvement-in-cyber-delinquency-among-men
#5
Wen Cheng, Wen-Bin Chiou
People frequently encounter sexual stimuli during Internet use. Research has shown that stimuli inducing sexual motivation can lead to greater impulsivity in men, as manifested in greater temporal discounting (i.e., a tendency to prefer smaller, immediate gains to larger, future ones). Extant findings in crime research suggest that delinquents tend to focus on short-term gains while failing to adequately think through the longer-term consequences of delinquent behavior. We experimentally tested the possibility that exposure to sexual stimuli is associated with the tendency to engage in cyber delinquency among men, as a result of their overly discounting remote consequences...
June 16, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616840/end-of-2016-can-we-save-research-from-predators-in-2017
#6
Aamir Raoof Memon
At the beginning of every year, we expect to see worthwhile improvements on the past. The end of 2016 showcased many important issues in the scientific world, ranging from criticisms of research misconduct and fraud to the introduction of new scientometrics. Despite the scientific community's continuing efforts, predatory journals and publishers are still on the rise, and the Beall's list calls attention to the need to take a firm action across the board. This short opinion piece highlights research conducted by the scholarly community on research publication predators during 2016, and offers suggestions as to how to bring about future improvements...
June 14, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609617/putative-markers-of-adulteration-of-higher-grade-olive-oil-with-less-expensive-pomace-olive-oil-by-gc-combined-with-chemometrics
#7
Hazem Jabeur, Malika Drira, Ahmed Rebai, Mohamed Bouaziz
The present work has been carried out to ascertain that extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) is adulteration free. For this purpose, refined pomace olive oils (RPOO) are commonly used for extra-virgin olive oil adulteration and repassed olive oils (ROO) are used for lampante olive oil (LOO) fraudulent operation. Indeed, fatty acid ethyl esters could be used as a parameter for the detection of EVOO fraud with 2% of RPOO. The addition of more than 10% of RPOO to EVOO would be detected by the amount of erythrodiol, uvaol, waxes and aliphatic alcohols...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600250/rclens-interactive-rare-category-exploration-and-identification
#8
Hanfei Lin, Siyuan Gao, David Gotz, Fan Du, Jingrui He, Nan Cao
Rare category identification is an important task in many application domains, ranging from network security, to financial fraud detection, to personalized medicine. These are all applications which require the discovery and characterization of sets of rare but structurally-similar data entities which are obscured within a larger but structurally different dataset. This paper introduces RCLens, a visual analytics system designed to support user-guided rare category exploration and identification. RCLens adopts a novel active learning-based algorithm to iteratively identify more accurate rare categories in response to user-provided feedback...
June 6, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589537/-political-co-authorships-in-medical-science-journals
#9
Jaspreet Johal, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
The issue of co-author relationships on medical sciences journal publications has become more pronounced as advances in technology have enabled collaboration across countries and institutions to occur much more efficiently. These relationships often have underlying political motivations and outcomes, including career advancement, attempting to increase prestige of a project, and maintaining research grants. Some authors may be listed as senior or honorary authors despite offering little or no contribution to the original research project...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580651/data-fabrication-and-other-reasons-for-non-random-sampling-in-5087-randomised-controlled-trials-in-anaesthetic-and-general-medical-journals
#10
J B Carlisle
Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after publication because of data fabrication and inadequate ethical approval. Fabricated data have included baseline variables, for instance, age, height or weight. Statistical tests can determine the probability of the distribution of means, given their standard deviation and the number of participants in each group. Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after the data distributions have been calculated as improbable. Most retracted trials have been written by anaesthetists and published by specialist anaesthetic journals...
June 4, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579364/false-positive-results-in-pharmacoepidemiology-and-pharmacovigilance
#11
Julien Bezin, Pauline Bosco-Levy, Antoine Pariente
False-positive constitute an important issue in scientific research. In the domain of drug evaluation, it affects all phases of drug development and assessment, from the very early preclinical studies to the late post-marketing evaluations. The core concern associated with this false-positive is the lack of replicability of the results. Aside from fraud or misconducts, false-positive is often envisioned from the statistical angle, which considers them as a price to pay for type I error in statistical testing, and its inflation in the context of multiple testing...
May 8, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534667/commentary-on-the-use-of-96119-in-billing-for-neuropsychological-services
#12
Leslie D Rosenstein
OBJECTIVE: This commentary seeks to outline the problematic issues with the use of 96119 in billing for neuropsychological evaluations. Issues covered include billing for the provider's time when using technicians as well as the use of trainees when billing Medicare. METHOD: Resources from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) were reviewed along with a search of available documentation from regional carriers and the general literature. CONCLUSIONS: There has been much confusion in the professional community regarding billing for neuropsychological evaluation services when utilizing technicians and/or trainees...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513289/detection-of-meat-species-adulteration-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-and-a-proteogenomics-strategy
#13
Alberto Ruiz Orduna, Erik Husby, Charles T Yang, Dipankar Ghosh, Francis Beaudry
Due to the internationalisation of food production and distribution, there has been a significant increase of food fraud in recent years. Food fraud can have serious health implications, and it occurs when food manufacturers implement unethical practices such as making false label claims as well as using additives and fillers within their products to increase profitability. This has been a serious concern. Meat adulteration was examined using a well-defined proteogenomic annotation, carefully selected surrogate tryptic peptides and high-resolution mass spectrometry...
June 20, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511653/processes-and-challenges-of-community-mobilisation-for-latrine-promotion-under-nirmal-bharat-abhiyan-in-rural-odisha-india
#14
Parimita Routray, Belen Torondel, Marion W Jenkins, Thomas Clasen, Wolf-Peter Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to eradicate it, open defecation remains widely practiced in India, especially in rural areas. Between 2013 and 2014, 50 villages in one district of Odisha, India, received a sanitation programme under the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA - "Clean India Campaign"), the successor of India's Total Sanitation Campaign. This paper documents the strategies and processes of NBA community mobilisation for latrine promotion in these villages and assesses the strengths and limitations of the mobilisation activities...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490086/molecular-protocol-for-authentication-of-snappers-lutjanidae-perciformes-based-on-multiplex-pcr
#15
Ivana Veneza, Raimundo da Silva, Iracilda Sampaio, Horacio Schneider, Grazielle Gomes
Fraud involving fish products is regularly reported and investigated using genetic methods. However, no such approach has been applied to snappers, despite the commercial relevance of these fish. This study proposes an authentication protocol with multiplex PCR for three species of snappers (Lutjanus purpureus, L. synagris, and Ocyurus chrysurus). The protocol yielded a distinct triple-banding pattern for L. purpureus, whereas L. synagris and O. chrysurus showed a double banding pattern of different sizes, thereby allowing differentiation of the three species...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489943/reduced-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-panels-for-assigning-atlantic-albacore-and-bay-of-biscay-anchovy-individuals-to-their-geographic-origin-toward-sustainable-fishery-management
#16
Iratxe Montes, Urtzi Laconcha, Mikel Iriondo, Carmen Manzano, Haritz Arrizabalaga, Andone Estonba
There is an increasing trend upon adding a detailed description of the origin of seafood products driven by a general interest in the implementation of sustainable fishery management plans for the conservation of marine ecosystems. North Atlantic albacore ("Bonito del Norte con Eusko Label") and Bay of Biscay anchovy ("Anchoa del Cantábrico") are two commercially important fish populations with high economical value and vulnerable to commercial fraud. This fact, together with the overexploited situation of these two populations, makes it necessary to develop a tool to identify individual origin and to detect commercial fraud...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473459/medicare-s-top-billing-doctor-is-convicted-of-medical-fraud
#17
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460939/a-holistic-approach-to-food-safety-risks-food-fraud-as-an-example
#18
Hans J P Marvin, Yamine Bouzembrak, Esmée M Janssen, H J van der Fels-Klerx, Esther D van Asselt, Gijs A Kleter
Production of sufficient, safe and nutritious food is a global challenge faced by the actors operating in the food production chain. The performance of food-producing systems from farm to fork is directly and indirectly influenced by major changes in, for example, climate, demographics, and the economy. Many of these major trends will also drive the development of food safety risks and thus will have an effect on human health, local societies and economies. It is advocated that a holistic or system approach taking into account the influence of multiple "drivers" on food safety is followed to predict the increased likelihood of occurrence of safety incidents so as to be better prepared to prevent, mitigate and manage associated risks...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450847/the-role-of-cognition-personality-and-trust-in-fraud-victimization-in-older-adults
#19
Rebecca A Judges, Sara N Gallant, Lixia Yang, Kang Lee
Older adults are more at risk to become a victim of consumer fraud than any other type of crime (Carcach et al., 2001) but the research on the psychological profiles of senior fraud victims is lacking. To bridge this significant gap, we surveyed 151 (120 female, 111 Caucasian) community-dwelling older adults in Southern Ontario between 60 and 90 years of age about their experiences with fraud. Participants had not been diagnosed with cognitive impairment or a neurological disorder by their doctor and looked after their own finances...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447556/fraud-resilience-and-food-and-drink-businesses
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
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