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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329818/elder-fraud-and-financial-exploitation-application-of-routine-activity-theory
#1
Marguerite DeLiema
Background and Objectives: Elder financial exploitation, committed by individuals in positions of trust, and elder fraud, committed by predatory strangers, are two forms of financial victimization that target vulnerable older adults. This study analyzes differences between fraud and financial exploitation victims and tests routine activity theory as a contextual model for victimization. Routine activity theory predicts that criminal opportunities arise when a motivated offender and suitable target meet in the absence of capable guardians...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328928/fraudulent-id-using-face-morphs-experiments-on-human-and-automatic-recognition
#2
David J Robertson, Robin S S Kramer, A Mike Burton
Matching unfamiliar faces is known to be difficult, and this can give an opportunity to those engaged in identity fraud. Here we examine a relatively new form of fraud, the use of photo-ID containing a graphical morph between two faces. Such a document may look sufficiently like two people to serve as ID for both. We present two experiments with human viewers, and a third with a smartphone face recognition system. In Experiment 1, viewers were asked to match pairs of faces, without being warned that one of the pair could be a morph...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327255/the-interplay-of-ethics-animal-welfare-and-iacuc-oversight-on-the-reproducibility-of-animal-studies
#3
Stacy L Pritt And Robert E Hammer
Reproducibility in animal studies has been defined as the ability of a result to be replicated through independent experimentswithin the same or among different laboratories. Over the past few years, much has been written and said about the lack of reproducibility of animal studies. Reasons that are commonly cited for this lack of reproducibility include inappropriate study design,errors in conducting the research, and potential fraud. In the quest to understand the basis for this lack of reproducibility, scientists have not fully considered the potential ramifications on ethical constructs for animal research, animal welfare considerations in animal research programs, the regulatory environment, and oversight by IACUCs...
March 21, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318146/allen-newell-s-program-of-research-the-video-game-test
#4
Fernand Gobet
Newell (1973) argued that progress in psychology was slow because research focused on experiments trying to answer binary questions, such as serial versus parallel processing. In addition, not enough attention was paid to the strategies used by participants, and there was a lack of theories implemented as computer models offering sufficient precision for being tested rigorously. He proposed a three-headed research program: to develop computational models able to carry out the task they aimed to explain; to study one complex task in detail, such as chess; and to build computational models that can account for multiple tasks...
March 20, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317751/a-new-real-time-pcr-method-for-rapid-and-specific-detection-of-ling-molva-molva
#5
Ledicia Taboada, Ana Sánchez, Carmen G Sotelo
Seafood fraud - often involving substitution of one species by another - has attracted much attention as it is prevalent worldwide. Whilst DNA analysis has helped to combat this type of fraud some of the methods currently in use are time-consuming and require sophisticated equipment or highly-trained personnel. This work describes the development of a new, real-time PCR TaqMan assay for the detection of ling (Molva molva) in seafood products. For this purpose, specific primers and a minor groove binding (MGB) TaqMan probe were designed to amplify the 81bp region on the cyt b gene...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281156/questionable-objectionable-or-criminal-public-opinion-on-data-fraud-and-selective-reporting-in-science
#6
Justin T Pickett, Sean Patrick Roche
Data fraud and selective reporting both present serious threats to the credibility of science. However, there remains considerable disagreement among scientists about how best to sanction data fraud, and about the ethicality of selective reporting. The public is arguably the largest stakeholder in the reproducibility of science; research is primarily paid for with public funds, and flawed science threatens the public's welfare. Members of the public are able to make meaningful judgments about the morality of different behaviors using moral intuitions...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277174/microscopic-recognition-and-identification-of-fish-meal-in-compound-feeds
#7
L W D van Raamsdonk, T W Prins, N van de Rhee, J J M Vliege, V G Z Pinckaers
Fish meal is an accepted ingredient in compound feed. Unauthorised application is primarily enforced by visual inspection, i.e., microscopy. In order to document the visually available diversity, fragments of bones and scales of 17 teleost fish species belonging to seven different orders were investigated for their diversity in the presence of structural elements: lacunae and canaliculae in bone fragments and type of growth rings and teeth of scale fragments. Despite the classical division into cellular bones and acellular bones of teleost fish, i...
February 22, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274438/detection-of-unexpected-frauds-screening-and-quantification-of-maleic-acid-in-cassava-starch-by-fourier-transform-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#8
Hai-Yan Fu, He-Dong Li, Lu Xu, Qiao-Bo Yin, Tian-Ming Yang, Chuang Ni, Chen-Bo Cai, Ji Yang, Yuan-Bin She
Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy and chemometrics were adopted for the rapid analysis of a toxic additive, maleic acid (MA), which has emerged as a new extraneous adulterant in cassava starch (CS). After developing an untargeted screening method for MA detection in CS using one-class partial least squares (OCPLS), multivariate calibration models were subsequently developed using least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) to quantitatively analyze MA. As a result, the OCPLS model using the second-order derivative (D2) spectra detected 0...
July 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269288/a-feasibility-study-of-using-event-related-potential-as-a-biometrics
#9
Yih-Choung Yu, Sicheng Wang, Lisa A Gabel
The use of an individual's neural response to stimuli (the event-related potential or ERP) has potential as a biometric because it is highly resistant to fraud relative to other conventional authentication systems. P300 is an ERP in human electroencephalography (EEG) that occurs in response to an oddball stimulus when an individual is actively engaged in a target detection task. Because P300 is consistently detectable from almost every subject, it is considered a potential signal for biometric applications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265974/elder-abuse-in-europe-s-most-elderly-city-an-assessment-of-the-phenomenon-and-an-analysis-of-the-data-from-the-penal-court-of-genoa-from-2010-to-2015
#10
Andrea Molinelli, Francesco Ventura, Sara Lo Pinto, Martina Drommi, Francesco De Stefano
INTRODUCTION: In Italy, 5% of the elderly are estimated to have suffered abuse. While the Penal Code refers to generic types of abuse, such as physical and psychological maltreatment, abandonment and financial fraud, it does not specifically protect the elderly as a category. AIMS: To assess the frequency and modalities of elder abuse in Genoa and its Province, and to compare these data with those reported in the literature, in order to provide a picture of the current situation that can be used by the authorities to combat this phenomenon...
March 6, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259392/financial-fraud-and-health-the-case-of-spain
#11
Maria Victoria Zunzunegui, Emmanuelle Belanger, Tarik Benmarhnia, Milena Gobbo, Angel Otero, François Béland, Fernando Zunzunegui, Jose Manuel Ribera-Casado
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether financial fraud is associated with poor health sleeping problems and poor quality of life. METHODS: Pilot study (n=188) conducted in 2015-2016 in Madrid and León (Spain) by recruiting subjects affected by two types of fraud (preferred shares and foreign currency mortgages) using venue-based sampling. Information on the monetary value of each case of fraud; the dates when subjects became aware of being swindled, lodged legal claim and received financial compensation were collected...
March 2, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258939/improving-orthopedic-resident-knowledge-of-documentation-coding-and-medicare-fraud
#12
Matthew A Varacallo, Michael Wolf, Martin J Herman
BACKGROUND: Most residency programs still lack formal education and training on the basic clinical documentation and coding principles. Today's physicians are continuously being held to increasing standards for correct coding and documentation, yet little has changed in the residency training curricula to keep pace with these increasing standards. Although there are many barriers to implementing these topics formally, the main concern has been the lack of time and resources. Thus, simple models may have the best chance for success at widespread implementation...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243563/comparison-of-four-functionalization-methods-of-gold-nanoparticles-for-enhancing-the-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-elisa
#13
Paula Ciaurriz, Fátima Fernández, Edurne Tellechea, Jose F Moran, Aaron C Asensio
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique is based on the specific recognition ability of the molecular structure of an antigen (epitope) by an antibody and is likely the most important diagnostic technique used today in bioscience. With this methodology, it is possible to diagnose illness, allergies, alimentary fraud, and even to detect small molecules such as toxins, pesticides, heavy metals, etc. For this reason, any procedures that improve the detection limit, sensitivity or reduce the analysis time could have an important impact in several fields...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240411/in-situ-electroluminescence-color-tuning-by-thermal-deprotonation-suitable-for-thermal-sensors-and-anti-fraud-labels
#14
Umberto Giovanella, Elena Cariati, Elena Lucenti, Mariacecilia Pasini, Francesco Galeotti, Chiara Botta
A novel and versatile approach to tune photoluminescence and electroluminescence by in situ controlled thermal deprotonation is presented. This methodology, based on a single organic π-conjugated material (pyrene derivative), allows the manufacturing of Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) prototypes by solution methods with controlled tunable emission ranging from the orange (protonated form of the dye) to the blue (pristine or deprotonated form). While several protonation/deprotonation cycles can be performed on thin films, for the devices only one cycle is possible so that their use as anti-fraud labels can be envisaged...
February 27, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231142/a-rapid-colorimetric-method-reveals-fraudulent-substitutions-in-sea-urchin-roe-marketed-in-sardinia-italy
#15
Domenico Meloni, Antonio Spina, Gianluca Satta, Vittorio Chessa
In recent years, besides the consumption of fresh sea urchin specimens, the demand of minimally-processed roe has grown considerably. This product has made frequent consumption in restaurants possible and frauds are becoming widespread with the partial replacement of sea urchin roe with surrogates that are similar in colour. One of the main factors that determines the quality of the roe is its colour and small differences in colour scale cannot be easily discerned by the consumers. In this study we have applied a rapid colorimetric method for reveal the fraudulent partial substitution of semi-solid sea urchin roe with liquid egg yolk...
June 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231093/identification-of-the-geographic-origin-of-parmigiano-reggiano-p-d-o-cheeses-deploying-non-targeted-mass-spectrometry-and-chemometrics
#16
Bert Popping, Emiliano De Dominicis, Mario Dante, Marco Nocetti
Parmigiano Reggiano is an Italian product with a protected designation of origin (P.D.O.). It is an aged hard cheese made from raw milk. P.D.O. products are protected by European regulations. Approximately 3 million wheels are produced each year, and the product attracts a relevant premium price due to its quality and all around the world well known typicity. Due to the high demand that exceeds the production, several fraudulent products can be found on the market. The rate of fraud is estimated between 20% and 40%, the latter predominantly in the grated form...
February 16, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227524/a-feasibility-study-of-using-event-related-potential-as-a-biometrics
#17
Yih-Choung Yu, Sicheng Wang, Lisa A Gabel, Yih-Choung Yu, Sicheng Wang, Lisa A Gabel, Lisa A Gabel, Yih-Choung Yu, Sicheng Wang
The use of an individual's neural response to stimuli (the event-related potential or ERP) has potential as a biometric because it is highly resistant to fraud relative to other conventional authentication systems. P300 is an ERP in human electroencephalography (EEG) that occurs in response to an oddball stimulus when an individual is actively engaged in a target detection task. Because P300 is consistently detectable from almost every subject, it is considered a potential signal for biometric applications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210864/pharmacy-benefit-management-companies-do-they-create-value-in-the-us-healthcare-system
#18
Alan Lyles
Pharmacy benefit management companies (PBMs) perform functions in the US market-based healthcare system that may be performed by public agencies or quasi-public institutions in other nations. By aggregating lives covered under their many individual contracts with payers, PBMs have formidable negotiating power. They influence pharmaceutical insurance coverage, design the terms of coverage in a plan's drug benefit, and create competition among providers for inclusion in a plan's network. PBMs have, through intermediation, the potential to secure lower drug prices and to improve rational prescribing...
February 16, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202567/stopping-the-slide-to-research-fraud
#19
Miriam Shuchman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178913/training-us-health-care-professionals-on-human-trafficking-where-do-we-go-from-here
#20
Clydette Powell, Kirsten Dickins, Hanni Stoklosa
Some 21 million adults and children are labor-trafficked or sex-trafficked through force, fraud, or coercion. In recognition of the interface between trafficking victims and the healthcare setting, over the last 10 years there has been a notable increase in training of health care professionals (HCPs) on human trafficking (HT) and its health implications. Many organizations have developed curricula and offered training in various clinical settings. However, methods and content of this education on trafficking vary widely, and there is little evaluation of the impact of the training...
2017: Medical Education Online
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