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Serena Indelicato, David Bongiorno, Rosa Pitonzo, Vita Di Stefano, Valentina Calabrese, Sergio Indelicato, Giuseppe Avellone
Vegetable oils are a dietary source of lipids that constitute an essential component of a healthy diet. The commonly used vegetable oils differ significantly for their triacylglycerol (TAG) profile. TAGs represent the principal components of oils and may contain different fatty acids (FA) esterified with glycerol leading to several positional isomers. To differentiate individual TAGs species in edible oils, advanced analysis systems and innovative methods are therefore required. TAGs can be considered as good fingerprints for quality control and many studies have been performed to develop rapid and low cost analytical methods to determinate the authenticity, origin and eventually evidence frauds or adulterations...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Jefferson C Brand, Michael J Rossi, James H Lubowitz
Scientific misconduct and, in rare situations, outright fraud are every editor's nightmare. References verify statements or claims made by authors, and proper references mitigate against hyperbole and prevarication. Arthroscopy and Arthroscopy Techniques are not immune to the possibility of scientific misconduct, which is prevalent in the scientific literature, and we are grateful to accountable authors and diligent editors and reviewers who do their best to avoid such disasters.
August 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Jaime A Teixeira da Silva, Aceil Al-Khatib, Vedran Katavić, Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti
Publishing has become, in several respects, more challenging in recent years. Academics are faced with evolving ethics that appear to be more stringent in a bid to reduce scientific fraud, the emergence of science watchdogs that are now scrutinizing the published literature with critical eyes to hold academics, editors and publishers more accountable, and a barrage of checks and balances that are required between when a paper is submitted and eventually accepted, to ensure quality control. Scientists are often under increasing pressure to produce papers in an increasingly stringent publishing environment...
August 3, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
Dennis Normile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Science
Carmela Zannella, Francesca Carucci, Riccardo Aversano, Thomas Prohaska, Simona Vingiani, Domenico Carputo, Paola Adamo
A fingerprinting strategy based on genetic (simple sequence repeat) and geochemical (multielement and (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratio) analysis was tested to prove the geographical origin of high-quality Italian products "White Asparagus from Bassano del Grappa" and "Green Pistachio from Bronte". Genetic analysis generated many polymorphic alleles and different specific amplified fragments in both agriproducts. In addition, a core set of markers was defined. According to variability within production soils and products, potential candidate elements linking asparagus (Zn, P, Cr, Mg, B, K) and pistachio (Mn, P, Cr, Mg, Ti, B, K, Sc, S) to the production areas were identified...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
(no author information available yet)
This document announces the extension of statewide temporary moratoria on the enrollment of new Medicare Part B non-emergency ground ambulance providers and suppliers and Medicare home health agencies, subunits, and branch locations in Florida, Illinois, Michigan, Texas, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, as applicable, to prevent and combat fraud, waste, and abuse. This extension also applies to the enrollment of new non-emergency ground ambulance suppliers and home health agencies, subunits, and branch locations in Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program in those states...
July 28, 2017: Federal Register
Antje Stahl, Uwe Schröder
Fish substitution and fish fraud are widely observed on the global food market. To detect and prevent substitution, DNA-based methods do not always meet the demand of being time- and cost-efficient; therefore, methodology improvements are needed. The use of species-specific protein patterns, as determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry has recently improved species identification of prokaryotes, both time- and cost-wise. We have used the method to establish a database containing protein patterns of common food fish prone to substitution...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Raffaella Boggia, Federica Turrini, Marco Anselmo, Paola Zunin, Dario Donno, Gabriele L Beccaro
Bud extracts, named also "gemmoderivatives", are a new category of natural products, obtained macerating meristematic fresh tissues of trees and plants. In the European Community these botanical remedies are classified as plant food supplements. Nowadays these products are still poorly studied, even if they are widely used and commercialized. Several analytical tools for the quality control of these very expensive supplements are urgently needed in order to avoid mislabelling and frauds. In fact, besides the usual quality controls common to the other botanical dietary supplements, these extracts should be checked in order to quickly detect if the cheaper adult parts of the plants are deceptively used in place of the corresponding buds whose harvest-period and production are extremely limited...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Samara Soares, Wanessa R Melchert, Fábio R P Rocha
The ester content is an important parameter to be monitored in biodiesel for evaluation of the transesterification reaction yield and for assessing the purity of the final product. This is also a relevant quality parameter in diesel/biodiesel blends to avoid frauds, because legislation establishes a minimum amount of biodiesel to be added to diesel. The official method EN14103 requires the addition of an alternative internal standard (methyl nonadecanoate) for analysis of biodiesel from bovine tallow because the methyl heptadecanoate is found in high amounts in this product...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
Carl Heneghan, Kamal R Mahtani, Ben Goldacre, Fiona Godlee, Helen Macdonald, Duncan Jarvies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
David Burnes, Charles R Henderson, Christine Sheppard, Rebecca Zhao, Karl Pillemer, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
A woman who defrauded the NHS of £88,000 by faking her identity to gain three nursing student places has been given a suspended prison sentence.
July 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
Saskia M van Ruth, Daniel Granato
We are pleased to introduce this Special Issue of Foods dedicated to 'Food Identity, Authenticity and Fraud: The Full Spectrum'.[...].
July 6, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Mowafa Househ, Bakheet Aldosari
From the mid-1990s, data mining methods have been used to explore and find patterns and relationships in healthcare data. During the 1990s and early 2000's, data mining was a topic of great interest to healthcare researchers, as data mining showed some promise in the use of its predictive techniques to help model the healthcare system and improve the delivery of healthcare services. However, it was soon discovered that mining healthcare data had many challenges relating to the veracity of healthcare data and limitations around predictive modelling leading to failures of data mining projects...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Sören Brinkmann
For urban Brazil, the First World War triggered a dramatic food crisis that brought with it a massive increase in falsified goods and led to an uproar among the general public. Critics targeted the health authorities, who were evidently unable to suppress these frauds. This text spans the First Republic period and shows that since its proclamation the issue of regulating the food trade was part of health policies, but implementation was repeatedly delayed because of other priorities. This situation only changed with the health reforms of the early 1920s, which allows us to identify the First World War food crisis as a decisive point for the Brazilian state to take responsibility in this area...
April 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Monica T Whitty
The online dating romance scam is an Advance Fee Fraud, typically conducted by international criminal groups via online dating sites and social networking sites. This type of mass-marketing fraud (MMF) is the most frequently reported type of MMF in most Western countries. This study examined the psychological characteristics of romance scam victims by comparing romance scam victims with those who had never been scammed by MMFs. Romance scam victims tend to be middle-aged, well-educated women. Moreover, they tend to be more impulsive (scoring high on urgency and sensation seeking), less kind, more trustworthy, and have an addictive disposition...
June 28, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Steve G A van de Weijer, E Rutger Leukfeldt
The prevalence of cybercrime has increased rapidly over the last decades and has become part of the everyday life of citizens. It is, therefore, of great importance to gain more knowledge on the factors related to an increased or decreased likelihood of becoming a cybercrime victim. The current study adds to the existing body of knowledge using a large representative sample of Dutch individuals (N = 3,648) to study the relationship between cybercrime victimization and the key traits from the Big Five model of personality (i...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
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