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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667494/discovery-of-a-mcr-1-bearing-plasmid-in-commensal-colistin-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-healthy-broilers-in-faisalabad-pakistan
#1
Jiali Lv, Mashkoor Mohsin, Sheng Lei, Swaminath Srinivas, Raja Talish Wiqar, Jingxia Lin, Youjun Feng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666778/psychiatric-morbidity-perceived-stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-parents-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-in-lahore-pakistan
#2
Muhammad H Sheikh, Sania Ashraf, Nazish Imran, Sadia Hussain, Muhammad W Azeem
Background This study assessed anxiety and depression levels among parents of children with intellectual disability (ID) and analyzed their coping strategies. Methods One hundred parents of children with ID were recruited through child psychiatry outpatient services in a tertiary care setting in Lahore, Pakistan. A structured questionnaire including sociodemographic details, the Agha Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale, the Family Stress and Coping Questionnaire, Brief COPE questionnaire, and Support questionnaire were used for data collection...
February 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666141/examining-the-effectiveness-of-consuming-flour-made-from-agronomically-biofortified-wheat-zincol-2016-nr-421-for-improving-zn-status-in-women-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-cross-over-trial-bizifed
#3
Nicola M Lowe, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Martin R Broadley, Munir H Zia, Harry J McArdle, Edward J M Joy, Heather Ohly, Babar Shahzad, Ubaid Ullah, Gul Kabana, Rashid Medhi, Mukhtiar Zaman Afridi
INTRODUCTION: Dietary zinc (Zn) deficiency is a global problem, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries where access to rich, animal-source foods of Zn is limited due to poverty. In Pakistan, Zn deficiency affects over 40% of the adult female population, resulting in suboptimal immune status and increased likelihood of complications during pregnancy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a double-blind, randomised controlled feeding study with cross-over design in a low-resource setting in Pakistan...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663510/differences-in-prevalence-of-diabetes-among-immigrants-to-canada-from-south-asian-countries
#4
A T Banerjee, B R Shah
AIMS: The prevalence of diabetes is high in South Asians migrants. However, most previous research has studied South Asians as a collective whole. The aim of this study was to examine diabetes prevalence among immigrants from five South Asian countries living in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Population-based health care and immigration databases were used to compare crude and adjusted diabetes prevalence on 1 January 2012 between immigrants to Ontario from different South Asians countries and the non-immigrant population...
April 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662728/breastfeeding-and-weaning-practices-in-urban-slums-of-southern-punjab-pakistan
#5
Khalil Ahmed, Muhammad Talha, Zainab Khalid, Mehvish Khurshid, Rizwan Ishtiaq
Objective Proper breastfeeding and weaning practices are effective ways of reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to find out breastfeeding and weaning practices among infants of six months to one year in urban slums of Bahawalpur city. By evaluating the knowledge and attitude of lactating mothers regarding their child feeding habits, modifications and specific interventions can be implemented to improve the breastfeeding and weaning practices of the area. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Shahdrah slums of Bahawalpur City after getting approval from the institutional review board of Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur...
February 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662724/frequency-and-determinants-of-inappropriate-use-of-treadmill-stress-test-for-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Mohammad H Arshad, Altamash A Jaliawala, Iman Farooqui, Amna Minhas, Ahmedullah Hussaini, Arsalan A Khan, Sharjeel Ahmad, Zainab Saleem, Ozair Awan, Noor Us Sabahat, Araib Ayaz, Haania Rizwan
Background In developing countries like Pakistan, treatment is mediated by private and public healthcare setups with a limited budget for health facilities. Moreover, the inappropriate use of treadmill tests imposes a burden on healthcare resources and leads to unwarranted interventions. Our aim is to assess the prevalence and predictors of inappropriate referrals for the exercise tolerance test (ETT) to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD) while taking public and private healthcare settings into consideration...
January 23, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661691/morphological-and-phylogenetic-analyses-of-rhipicephalus-microplus-ticks-from-bangladesh-pakistan-and-myanmar
#7
Babul Chandra Roy, Agustín Estrada-Peña, Jürgen Krücken, Abdul Rehman, Ard Menzo Nijhof
Ticks of the Boophilus subgenus, classified in the genus Rhipicephalus, are widespread in subtropical and tropical regions, but knowledge on their distribution in Asia is fragmentary. The most important representatives belong to the Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus complex, which is composed of species that share many morphological similarities and are therefore difficult to distinguish. In this study, adult Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) ticks from Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan were subjected to phylogenetic and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analyses...
April 12, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661502/unusual-occurrence-reporting-system-sharing-a-ten-years-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-jcia-accredited-university-hospital
#8
A Hussain, Y Khan, N Ali, A Q Jangda, S Siddiqui, W Muhammad, Z Khan, A N Abbasi, L Rehman, A Yousuf
PURPOSE: Identifying a true measure of safety is challenging in radiation oncology. A culture of unusual reporting may however be used as an indirect measure for it. The purpose of this study is to share our experience of unusual occurrence reporting system, established in the Radiation Oncology section since 2006, the first of this nature in Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data is collected over the last ten years. An in-house online reporting system has been developed for reporting unusual events...
April 13, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661124/newcastle-disease-virus-infection-in-quail
#9
Leonardo Susta, Diego Segovia, Timothy L Olivier, Kiril M Dimitrov, Ismaila Shittu, Valerie Marcano, Patti J Miller
Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease of poultry worldwide. The pathogenesis of ND in quail is poorly documented. To characterize the ability of virulent NDV strains to replicate and cause disease in quail, groups of 14 two-week-old Japanese quail ( Coturnix japonica) were experimentally inoculated with 108 EID50 (embryo infectious dose 50%) units of 1 of 4 virulent NDV strains: 2 isolated from quail ( N2, N23) and 2 from chickens ( Israel, Pakistan)...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660723/fluoride-prevalence-in-groundwater-around-a-fluorite-mining-area-in-the-flood-plain-of-the-river-swat-pakistan
#10
Abdur Rashid, Dong-Xing Guan, Abida Farooqi, Sardar Khan, Salman Zahir, Shah Jehan, Seema Anjum Khattak, Muhammad Sufaid Khan, Raees Khan
This study investigated the fluoride (F- ) concentrations and physicochemical parameters of the groundwater in a fluorite mining area of the flood plain region of the River Swat, with particular emphasis on the fate and distribution of F- and the hydrogeochemistry. To better understand the groundwater hydrochemical profile and F- enrichment, groundwater samples (n=53) were collected from shallow (24-40m), mid-depth (48-65m) and deep (85-120m) aquifers, and then analysed using an ion-selective electrode. The lowest F- concentration (0...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658624/review-of-the-nutrition-situation-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#11
REVIEW
Lara Nasreddine, Jennifer J Ayoub, Ayoub Al Jawaldeh
This situation analysis for the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region focuses on specific nutrition indicators, namely low birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, under- and overnutrition (anthropometric indicators) and anaemia. The regional average prevalence of low birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding was estimated at 19.31% and 29.3%, respectively. Stunting, wasting and underweight had an average prevalence of 28%, 8.69% and 18%, respectively. Afghanistan, Djibouti, Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen had the highest burden of stunting (> 30%)...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658622/mpower-needs-and-challenges-trends-in-the-implementation-of-the-who-fctc-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#12
REVIEW
Gholamreza Heydari, Ghazi Zaatari, Jawad A Al-Lawati, Fatimah El-Awa, Heba Fouad
Background: WHO MPOWER aims to help countries prioritize tobacco control measures in line with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Objectives: This paper assessed the progress and challenges in implementing the 6 priority policies of MPOWER in countries of the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region since 2011. Methods: A checklist was developed and scores assigned based on the MPOWER indicators (maximum score 37). MPOWER data for the Region in the 2015 and 2017 tobacco control reports were extracted and scored...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658619/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-noncommunicable-diseases-in-adults-key-findings-from-the-pakistan-steps-survey
#13
Ibrar Rafique, Muhammad A N Saqib, Muhammad A Munir, Huma Qureshi, Rizwanullah, Shahzad A Khan, Heba Fouad
Background: Pakistan lacks data on the prevalence of risk factors for common noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk factors for NCDs among a population-based sample in Punjab and Sindh provinces, Pakistan. Methods: This study was conducted in 2013-2014. The NCD risk factors examined were: current daily smoking, eating fewer than 5 servings of fruits/vegetable a day, low physical activity, overweight and obesity...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657905/knowledge-of-postgraduate-medical-trainees-regarding-epidemiology
#14
Shoaib Shafi, Tayyaba Faisal, Sajida Naseem, Sajida Javed, Haider Ghazanfar
Introduction An understanding of epidemiology is fundamental for designing research and understanding evidence-based medicine (EBM). The purpose of our study was to determine the knowledge of epidemiology among postgraduate medical trainees. Methods We carried out a cross-sectional study from January 2017 to June 2017 at the Regional Centre Islamabad, College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. About 204 postgraduate medical trainee were enrolled in the study after taking written consent. All of the participants were working as a postgraduate medical trainee in different hospitals of Rawalpindi and Islamabad...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657210/refusal-of-hemodialysis-by-hospitalized-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-in-pakistan
#15
Salman Tahir Shafi, Mohammad Saleem, Roshina Anjum, Wajid Abdullah, Tahir Shafi
In Pakistan, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are commonly diagnosed at a late stage. There is little information about the refusal of hemodialysis by hospitalized CKD patients who need hemodialysis (HD) and reasons for acceptance and refusal among these patients. All patients with Stage V CKD who had medical indications to undergo HD and were hospitalized at a tertiary care facility over a six-month period were invited to participate in this study. Patients were surveyed regarding acceptance or refusing of HD and reasons for their decisions...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653091/a-nation-wide-genetic-survey-revealed-a-complex-population-structure-of-bemisia-tabaci-in-pakistan
#16
Waqar Islam, Wenzhong Lin, Muhammad Qasim, Saif Ul Islam, Habib Ali, Muhammad Adnan, Muhammad Arif, Zhenguo Du, Zujian Wu
The whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is a cryptic species complex distributed worldwide. In Pakistan, B. tabaci poses a serious threat to agriculture production. To understand its diversity in Pakistan, a large-scale sampling was conducted from various locations of all four provinces of the country and Mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (mtCOI) gene sequencing was used to determine the whiteflies genetically. The study revealed the presence of five different cryptic species in Pakistan namely Asia II-1, Asia II-5, Asia II-7, Asia II-8 and MEAM-1, respectively...
April 10, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650578/draft-genome-sequences-of-three-ochrobactrum-spp-isolated-from-different-avian-hosts-in-pakistan
#17
Poonam Sharma, Lindsay F Killmaster, Jeremy D Volkening, Stivalis Cardenas-Garcia, Abdul Wajid, Shafqat Fatima Rehmani, Asma Basharat, Patti J Miller, Claudio L Afonso
Here, we present the draft genome sequences of three Ochrobactrum sp. strains with multidrug-resistant properties, isolated in 2015 from a pigeon and two chickens in Pakistan.
April 12, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649903/pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-quetiapine-fumarate-controlled-release-hybrid-hydrogel-a-healthier-treatment-of-schizophrenia
#18
Muhammad Akhlaq, Faiza Maryam, Abdelhamid Elaissari, Hashmat Ullah, Muhammad Adeel, Abid Hussain, Muhammad Ramzan, Obaid Ullah, Muhammad Zeeshan Danish, Shehla Iftikhar, Nighat Aziz
The current study aimed to rationally develop and characterize pH-sensitive controlled release hydrogels by graft polymerization of gelatin (Gel) and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) in the presence of glutaraldehyde (GA) using quetiapine fumarate for the treatment of schizophrenia. The prepared hydrogels discs were subjected to various physicochemical studies including: swelling, diffusion, porosity, sol-gel analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and scanning electron microscopy...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649187/surveillance-to-track-progress-toward-polio-eradication-worldwide-2016-2017
#19
Tracie J Gardner, Ousmane M Diop, Jaume Jorba, Smita Chavan, Jamal Ahmed, Abhijeet Anand
Global efforts to eradicate polio began in 1988, and four of the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions currently have achieved poliofree certification. Within the remaining two regions with endemic poliomyelitis (African and Eastern Mediterranean), Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan have never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV). The primary means of detecting poliovirus transmission is surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) among children aged <15 years, combined with collection and testing of stool specimens for detection of WPV and vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs)* in WHO-accredited laboratories within the Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN) (1,2)...
April 13, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648964/lc-ms-ms-based-determination-of-chloramphenicol-thiamphenicol-florfenicol-and-florfenicol-amine-in-poultry-meat-from-the-punjab-pakistan
#20
Muhammad Imran, Fazal-E- Habib, Saima Majeed, Abdul Tawab, Waqar Rauf, Moazur Rahman, Muhammad Umer, Mazhar Iqbal
A simple, reliable and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry based confirmatory method was redeveloped and validated for the simultaneous determination of chloramphenicol, thiamphenicol, florfenicol and florfenicol amine in chicken muscles. The analytes were extracted from minced chicken muscle with acetonitrile and ammoniated water mixture. A second extraction with ethyl acetate was followed by evaporation and dissolution of the residue in ammoniated methanol before defatting with n-hexane...
April 12, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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