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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231162/phenolic-pro%C3%AF-le-and-antioxidant-activity-of-melon-cucumis-melo-l-seeds-from-pakistan
#1
Alam Zeb
Phenolic composition of different extracts of honeydew melon seeds and their antioxidant activity was determined for the first time. Phenolic compounds were identified using a reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) method. Results showed the identification of five phenolic compounds in water extract namely gallic acid and its derivative, hydroxybenzoic acid and catechin derivatives and caffeic acid.There were nine phenolic compounds identified in methanol-water extract, which are caffeic acid, two vanillic acid derivatives, ellagitanins, quercetin-3-rutinoside, derivatives of syringic acid and ellagic acid...
October 17, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229320/primary-headache-disorders-in-the-adult-general-population-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-nationwide-prevalence-survey
#2
A A Herekar, A Ahmad, U L Uqaili, B Ahmed, J Effendi, S Z Alvi, M A Shahab, U Javed, A D Herekar, Rafiq Khanani, T J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The large geographical gaps in our knowledge of the prevalence and burden of headache disorders include almost all of Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). We report a nationwide population-based study in Pakistan, an EMR country with the sixth largest population in the world, conducted as a project within the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS: We surveyed six locations from the four provinces of Pakistan: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228412/inequality-in-cataract-blindness-and-services-moving-beyond-unidimensional-analyses-of-social-position
#3
Jacqueline Ramke, Anthony B Zwi, Arier C Lee, Ilse Blignault, Clare E Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Inequalities in cataract blindness are well known, but data are rarely disaggregated to explore the combined effects of a range of axes describing social disadvantage. We examined inequalities in cataract blindness and services at the intersection of three social axes. METHODS: Three dichotomous social variables (sex (male/female); place of residence (urban/rural); literacy (literate/illiterate)) from cross-sectional national blindness surveys in Pakistan (2001-2004; n=16 507) and Nigeria (2005-2007; n=13 591) were used to construct eight subgroups, with disadvantaged subgroups selected a priori (ie, women, rural dwellers, illiterate)...
February 22, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225340/pattern-of-first-and-second-line-drug-resistance-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-retreatment-cases-in-pakistan
#4
A Javaid, R Hasan, A Zafar, M A Chaudry, S Qayyum, E Qadeer, Z Shaheen, N Agha, N Rizvi, M Z Afridi, M K Chima, A R Khan, A Ghafoor, S Khan, S R Awan, S Akhtar, K Choudry, Z H Iqbal, M Ansarie, N Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Drug resistance in general, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in particular, threatens global tuberculosis (TB) control efforts. Population-based estimates of drug resistance are needed to develop strategies for controlling drug-resistant TB in Pakistan. OBJECTIVE: To obtain population-based data on Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug resistance in Pakistan. METHODS: To obtain drug resistance data, we conducted a population-based study of TB cases in all provinces of Pakistan...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222721/patient-satisfaction-with-doctor-patient-interactions-a-mixed-methods-study-among-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-pakistan
#5
Aisha Jalil, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction with doctor-patient interactions is an indicator of physicians' competence. The satisfaction of diabetes patients is rarely studied in public diabetes clinics of Pakistan. Thus, this study aims to analyse the association between patient satisfaction and five dimensions of medical interaction: technical expertise, interpersonal aspects, communication, consultation time, and access/availability. METHODS: A cross-sectional mixed methods study was conducted during July and August 2015 in the largest public diabetes outpatient clinic in Punjab province...
February 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221977/dietary-exposure-and-natural-occurrence-of-total-aflatoxins-in-basmati-rice-of-pakistan
#6
Nighat Sultana, Iffat Tahira, Mumtaz Kausar, Syed Mujahid Hassan, Nafeesa Qudsia Hanif
This study presents the assessment of total aflatoxins (TAFs) in basmati rice (brown, 1,081; white, 1,170) collected from different areas of Punjab, Pakistan, during 2010 to 2015. Due to the carcinogenicity of TAFs, daily dietary exposure is also evaluated based on rice consumption survey data. Methodology was standardized by matrix spike recoveries at four fortification levels (0.1, 0.5, 2.5, and 12.5 ng/g) for TAFs (aflatoxins B1 [AFB1], B2 [AFB2], G1 [AFG1], and G2 [AFG2]). The present study reveals that 1,750 samples (77...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221839/a-limited-survey-of-aflatoxins-and-zearalenone-in-feed-and-feed-ingredients-from-pakistan
#7
Shahzad Zafar Iqbal, Muhammad Rafique Asi, Sonia Nisar, Khalid Mahmood Zia, Selamat Jinap, Noeen Malik
This work presents current information on the presence of aflatoxins (AFs) and zearalenone (ZEN) in feed and feed ingredients from Punjab, Pakistan. The 105 samples tested were concentrated feed, i.e., cotton seed meal (18 samples) and soybean meal (14), and feed ingredients, i.e., crushed corn (17), crushed wheat (15), barley (17). and poultry feed (24). Samples were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with a fluorescence detector. Analysis revealed that 69 of 105 samples were contaminated with AFs, and the highest mean concentrations of AFB1 (6...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221127/serologic-evidence-for-mers-cov-infection-in-dromedary-camels-punjab-pakistan-2012-2015
#8
Muhammad Saqib, Andrea Sieberg, Muhammad Hammad Hussain, Muhammad Khalid Mansoor, Ali Zohaib, Erik Lattwein, Marcel Alexander Müller, Christian Drosten, Victor Max Corman
Dromedary camels from Africa and Arabia are an established source for zoonotic Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection among humans. In Pakistan, we found specific neutralizing antibodies in samples from 39.5% of 565 dromedaries, documenting significant expansion of the enzootic range of MERS-CoV to Asia.
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220444/spatial-assessment-of-water-quality-parameters-in-jhelum-city-pakistan
#9
Sadaf Javed, Asad Ali, Saleem Ullah
In this study, we assess the drinking water quality of Jhelum city. Two hundred and ninety-two drinking water samples were randomly collected in the study area. These samples were chemically analyzed for three key toxic (in excess) elements such as pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), and calcium. Geostatistical techniques such as variogram and kriging were used to investigate the spatial variations of these minerals across the city. The spatial structure for each element was found to be anisotropic, and thus, anisotropic variograms were used...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219668/outbreak-of-dengue-virus-type-3-in-malakand-pakistan-2015-a-laboratory-perspective
#10
Muhammad Suleman, Rani Faryal, Muhammad Masroor Alam, Adnan Khurshid, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Mehar Angez, Massab Umair, Mian Muhammad Sufian, Yasir Arshad, Tanveer Inam, Syed Sohail Zahoor Zaidi
An outbreak of dengue fever was reported in Malakand district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province of Pakistan during 2015. Detection of viral RNA by real-time PCR confirmed dengue virus serotype-3 (DENV-3) to be the causative agent causing the outbreak. Phylogenetic analysis based on partial E-NS1 gene sequences showed that the DENV-3 viruses belonged to genotype III with maximum homology with the dengue-3 strains previously reported from Pakistan and India. Our current report provides updated information on molecular epidemiology and phylogenetic analysis of dengue virus serotypes responsible for 2015 outbreak in KP...
February 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217048/radiofrequency-ablation-of-hepatocellular-carcinomas-a-new-spectrum-of-anesthetic-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#11
Faisal Shamim, Ali Asghar, Saman Tauheed, Muhammad Yahya
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive technique of tumor destruction for patients with hepatic cancer who are not candidates for conventional therapy. The therapy required general anesthesia (GA) or sedation to ensure patient safety and comfort. The study is aimed to report and evaluate factors that influenced the periprocedural anesthetic management, drugs used, and complications during and immediately after RFA procedure for hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: For this retrospective study, we included 46 patients who underwent percutaneous RFA under GA or conscious sedation from January 2010 to June 2013 in Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215480/factors-affecting-sustainable-iodine-deficiency-elimination-in-pakistan-a-global-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Rehman Mehmood Khattak, Muhammad Nasir Khan Khattak, Till Ittermann, Henry Völzke
Iodine deficiency remains a considerable challenge worldwide, even after decades of efforts to address the problem. The aim of this review is to present the current situation in historically iodine-deficient Pakistan regarding iodine nutritional status and place it in a global perspective. We collected relevant articles from online bibliographic databases and websites of concerned organizations that addressed prevalence of goiter/iodine deficiency and barriers to sustainable control. We divided the studies into pre- and post-1994, a landmark year when Pakistan formally adopted the universal salt iodization (USI) programme...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213897/laryngo-onycho-cutaneous-like-syndrome-due-to-mutated-plectin
#13
Christine Prodinger, Alfred Klausegger, Anja Diem, Johann W Bauer, Martin Laimer
Laryngo-onycho-cutaneous syndrome (LOC) is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis that has been mainly described in the offspring of consanguineous families with origin in the Punjabi region of Pakistan and India [1]. Founder mutations affecting the LAMA3A gene on chromosome 18q11.2 have been implicated to underlie this syndrome [1,2]. Based on its molecular and clinical features, LOC was recently classified as a subtype of junctional Epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) [1]. This article is protected by copyright...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213766/microelectrophoretic-study-of-environmentally-induced-dna-damage-in-fish-and-its-use-for-early-toxicity-screening-of-freshwater-bodies
#14
Bilal Hussain, Tayyaba Sultana, Salma Sultana, K A Al-Ghanim, Shahreef Masood, Muhammad Ali, Shahid Mahboob
This study investigates the potential of the comet and micronucleus assays of fish DNA as a means of screening the toxicity of aquatic environments. Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala collected from the River Chenab in Pakistan were used as a case study for the application of comet and micronucleus techniques. Comet and micronucleus assays were used to compare DNA damage in C. catla and C. mrigala collected from polluted areas of the River Chenab and farmed fish. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry showed an acute level of toxicity from Cd, Cu, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cr, Sn, and Hg in river water...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210813/a-comprehensive-y-str-portrait-of-yousafzai-s-population
#15
Sadia Tabassum, Muhammad Ilyas, Inam Ullah, Muhammad Israr, Habib Ahmad
In the current study, 17 Y-Chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) included in theAmpFlSTR Y-Filer amplification kit (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, USA) were investigated in 146 unrelated Yousafzai males residing in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. A total of 94 (89.52%) unique haplotypes were observed. Discrimination capacity was 71.92%. Haplotype diversity ranged from 0.354 (DYS456) to 0.663 (DYS458). Both Rst pairwise analysis and multidimensional scaling plot showed that the genetic structure of the Yousafzais is significantly different from neighbouring populations...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210461/the-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-cholera-cases-in-iran-during-2013
#16
Hossein Masoumi-Asl, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Mohammad Rahbar, Roghieh Sabourian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cholera is an endemic diarrheal disease in Iran, caused by Vibrio Cholerae. The epidemiology, transmission route, environmental determinants and antimicrobial resistant pattern of cholera have been changed during recent years. In this study the epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance of cholera in Iran during 2013 outbreak was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out using cholera national surveillance system collected data in 2013...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209706/provider-and-patient-related-determinants-of-diabetes-self-management-among-recent-immigrants-implications-for-systemic-change
#17
Ilene Hyman, Yogendra Shakya, Nathaniel Jembere, Enza Gucciardi, Bilkis Vissandjée
OBJECTIVE: To examine provider- and patient-related factors associated with diabetes self-management among recent immigrants. DESIGN: Demographic and experiential data were collected using an international survey instrument and adapted to the Canadian context. The final questionnaire was pretested and translated into 4 languages: Mandarin, Tamil, Bengali, and Urdu. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 130 recent immigrants with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus who had resided in Canada for 10 years or less...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209167/erratum-to-the-effectiveness-of-the-peer-delivered-thinking-healthy-plus-thpp-programme-for-maternal-depression-and-child-socio-emotional-development-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-three-year-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Elizabeth L Turner, Siham Sikander, Omer Bangash, Ahmed Zaidi, Lisa Bates, John Gallis, Nima Ganga, Karen O'Donnell, Atif Rahman, Joanna Maselko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208605/quantification-of-climate-warming-and-crop-management-impacts-on-cotton-phenology
#19
Shakeel Ahmad, Qaiser Abbas, Ghulam Abbas, Zartash Fatima, Atique-Ur-Rehman, Sahrish Naz, Haseeb Younis, Rana Jahanzeb Khan, Wajid Nasim, Muhammad Habib Ur Rehman, Ashfaq Ahmad, Ghulam Rasul, Muhammad Azam Khan, Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Understanding the impact of the warming trend on phenological stages and phases of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in central and lower Punjab, Pakistan, may assist in optimizing crop management practices to enhance production. This study determined the influence of the thermal trend on cotton phenology from 1980-2015 in 15 selected locations. The results demonstrated that observed phenological stages including sowing (S), emergence (E), anthesis (A) and physiological maturity (M) occurred earlier by, on average, 5...
February 10, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205471/a-rare-case-of-primary-tuberculous-tenosynovitis-in-a-young-patient-with-an-acute-history
#20
Alistair J M Reed, Jeremy N Rodrigues, Sharif Al-Ghazal, Zakir Shariff
We present a rare case of primary tuberculous tenosynovitis in a young patient with an acute history of non-penetrating traumatic injury. The patient had recently visited Pakistan and presented with sudden onset pain at the base of their right fifth digit after trying to catch a cricket ball. A provisional diagnosis of haematoma was made; however, ultrasonography revealed a mass attached to the A2 pulley. Surgical excision followed by histological examination and culture identified Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
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