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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645236/a-quantitative-study-of-empathy-in-pakistani-medical-students-a-multicentered-approach
#1
Nabia Tariq, Tariq Rasheed, Mohsen Tavakol
OBJECTIVE: To examine the empathy level of undergraduate medical students in Pakistan. Three hypotheses are developed based on the literature review. (1) Female medical students have a higher level of empathy than do male students. (2) Empathy scores vary during the medical school years in Pakistani students. (3) Medical students interested in people-oriented specialties would score higher than the students interested in technology-oriented specialties. METHODS: This is a quantitative inquiry approach using a cross-sectional design of 1453 students from 8 Pakistani medical schools, both private and state...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645229/cognitive-function-in-early-psychosis-patients-from-a-lower-middle-income-country
#2
Muhammed Omair Husain, Imran B Chaudhry, Rachel Thomasson, Tayyeba Kiran, Paul Bassett, Muhammad I Husain, Farooq Naeem, Nusrat Husain
OBJECTIVES: To establish evidence of cognitive changes in early psychosis (EP) patients compared to healthy controls (HC) in Pakistan. METHODS: Fifty-one participants with EP were recruited from psychiatric units in Karachi and Rawalpindi, Pakistan and matched with 51 HC. Neurocognitive domains were assessed using standardised neuropsychological tests [the Stroop test, block design, Matrix Reasoning, picture completion, object assembly, oral fluency, memory for design, Coughlan learning task (verbal and visual)]...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640872/correction-management-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-at-a-primary-health-clinic-in-the-high-burden-context-of-karachi-pakistan
#3
Yuely A Capileno, Rafael Van den Bergh, Dmytro Donchuk, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker, Saeed Hamid, Rosa Auat, Gul Ghuttai Khalid, Razia Fatima, Aashifa Yaqoob, Catherine Van Overloop
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175562.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640795/progress-toward-containment-of-poliovirus-type-2-worldwide-2017
#4
Nicoletta Previsani, Harpal Singh, Jeanette St Pierre, Liliane Boualam, Jacqueline Fournier-Caruana, Roland W Sutter, Michel Zaffran
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) continues to make progress toward the eradication target. Only one of the three serotypes, wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 (WPV1), is still circulating, and the numbers of cases and countries with endemic transmission are at record lows. With the certification of wild poliovirus type 2 (WPV2) eradication in 2015 and the global replacement of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) containing Sabin poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 with bivalent OPV containing only Sabin poliovirus types 1 and 3 during April-May 2016, poliovirus type 2 (PV2) is now an eradicated pathogen...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640010/living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-pakistan
#5
Abu Bakar Hafeez Bhatti, Faisal Saud Dar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638585/clinicopathological-study-of-seronegative-celiac-disease-in-adults-in-pakistan-a-pilot-study
#6
Mohammad Hanif Farina, Rajesh Kumar Mandhwani, Nasir Hassan Luck, Zaigham Abbas, Muhammed Mubarak, S Mudassir Laeeq, Abbas Ali Tasneem
BACKGROUND Celiac disease (CD) is usually missed, if the serology is negative. We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of seronegative CD (SNCD) and its response to gluten-free diet (GFD) in adult patients. METHODS This observational study was carried out at the Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan from 2009 to 2015. All consecutive adult patients (≥17 years) with features of marked villous atrophy (Marsh class≥III) on duodenal biopsy, negative tissue transglutaminase IgA and IgG antibodies (anti-tTg IgA and IgG) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ2 or DQ8 serotypes were studied...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637477/determinants-of-intra-household-food-allocation-between-adults-in-south-asia-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Helen Harris-Fry, Niva Shrestha, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions, often delivered at the household level, could increase their efficiency by channelling resources towards pregnant or lactating women, instead of leaving resources to be disproportionately allocated to traditionally favoured men. However, understanding of how to design targeted nutrition programs is limited by a lack of understanding of the factors affecting the intra-household allocation of food. METHODS: We systematically reviewed literature on the factors affecting the allocation of food to adults in South Asian households (in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka) and developed a framework of food allocation determinants...
June 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636447/emerging-viral-infections-in-pakistan-issues-concerns-and-future-prospects
#8
Ali Talha Khalil, Muhammad Ali, Faouzia Tanveer, Muhammad Ovais, Muhammad Idrees, Zabta Khan Shinwari, James E Hollenbeck
Emerging infectious diseases pose a serious threat to public health security; this is especially true in the underdeveloped world because of limited resources to combat them. These emerging pathogens are characterized by a novel mode of pathogenesis and, in some cases, a broad host range. Over the past few decades, Pakistan has suffered a great deal from infectious diseases such as dengue, Crimean-Congo fever, hepatitis, measles, and polio. Changing climate conditions, environmental degradation, global warming, loss of biodiversity, and other ecological determinants have a direct effect on these diseases and result in the emergence and reemergence of infectious entities...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635416/arsenic-and-fluoride-co-contamination-in-shallow-aquifers-from-agricultural-suburbs-and-an-industrial-area-of-punjab-pakistan-spatial-trends-sources-and-human-health-implications
#9
Abida Farooqi, Jawairia Sultana, Noshin Masood
Release of arsenic (As) and fluoride (F(-)) species into groundwater is a serious health concern around the world. The present study was the first systematic baseline study conducted in Rahim Yar Khan district, Punjab, focusing on As and F(-) contamination in groundwater. A total of 51 representative groundwater samples comprising of 44 samples from agricultural suburbs and 7 from an industrial base were analysed. Statistical parameters, principal component analysis-multiple linear regression (PCA-MLR) and health risk assessment model were used to investigate the hydro geochemistry, spatial patterns, interrelation, source contribution and associated health risks of high As and F(-) in groundwater of the study area...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635337/population-based-genetic-study-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-mutations-in-mardan-division-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-pakistan
#10
Raj Muhammad, Muhammad Shakeel, Shoaib U Rehman, Muhammad A Lodhi
β-Thalassemia (β-thal) is the most prevalent hereditary blood disorder in Pakistan with a carrier rate of 5.0-8.0%. The homozygous affected children require frequent blood transfusions for their survival. This autosomal recessive disease can only be prevented through awareness programs, carrier screening, mutation detection, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis (PND). The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of various mutations causing β-thal and also to detect carriers of these mutations in families living in the Mardan Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province, Pakistan...
June 21, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635208/association-of-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-presenting-with-influenza-like-illness-or-severe-acute-respiratory-illness-with-development-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#11
Muhammad Ijaz, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Jawad Khan, Usama Usama
Clinical judgement and suspicion of influenza based on signs and symptoms of influenza-like illness and severe acute respiratory illness are critical for better patient outcome. Whether clinical characteristics of patients are associated with the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome and PCR positivity of samples was the aim of this study. We included all patients (n=37) presenting with influenza like illness (ILI) or severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) to a tertiary care hospital in northwest Pakistan during December 2015 until the end of January 2016...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634581/commentary-surveillance-of-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-in-pakistan
#12
COMMENT
Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Yusra Habib Khan, Nida Tanveer, Amer Hayat Khan, Muhammad Imran Qadir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633226/the-early-days-of-cardiac-surgery-in-south-asia-the-history-and-heritage
#13
Nazmul Hosain
The 1.79 billion people of South Asia share common history and heritage. The fascinating stories of introducing cardiac surgery in this region would inspire the surgeons today. Information was collected for more than a decade from these countries through personal visits, interviews, and searching journals and the Internet. India was first to establish cardiac surgery chronologically, followed by Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Afghanistan. South Asia did not lag far behind the Western world in commencing cardiac surgery...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632003/factor-structure-of-the-urdu-version-of-the-spence-children-s-anxiety-scale-in-pakistan
#14
Farah Qadir, Aneela Maqsood, Najam Us-Sahar, Nadia Bukhtawer, Amna Khalid, Regina Pauli, Catherine Gilvarry, Girmay Medhin, Cecilia A Essau
Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) is one of the most commonly used self-report questionnaires to measure symptoms of anxiety disorders in adolescents. Despite its common use, studies that examine the psychometric properties of SCAS in Pakistan is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Urdu translated version of the SCAS among adolescents in Pakistan. A total of 1277 students (708 boys and 569 girls), aged 13 to17 years, who had been recruited from 13 schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan participated in the study...
March 3, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630806/prevalence-and-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-in-karachi-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-smokers-and-physicians
#15
Aleeza Abbasi, Rabbia Siddiqi, Aatika Owais, Tooba Laeeq, Sara N Ali, Zonaira Mushahid, Syed M Ahsan, Aliya S Jatoi, Aleena Abbasi, Ifrah Butt, Ruba Ali, Maham Abbasi, Syeda Naintara N Jaffri, Mariam Jabir, Hajra Khanani, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Early detection of lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can potentially reduce morbidity and mortality. However, LDCT for lung cancer screening, especially in low income countries, has been underutilized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the potential personal, social, and economic barriers of lung cancer screening using LDCT. METHODS: A total sample of 156 smokers and 200 general physicians was collected during December 2016-February 2017 from community settings in Karachi, Pakistan...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627524/screening-for-mutations-in-two-exons-of-fancg-gene-in-pakistani-population
#16
Ujala Aymun, Saima Iram, Iram Aftab, Saba Khaliq, Ali Nadir, Ahmed Nisar, Shahida Mohsin
BACKGROUND: Fanconi anemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of genetic instability. It is both molecularly and clinically, a heterogeneous disorder. Its incidence is 1 in 129,000 births and relatively high in some ethnic groups. Sixteen genes have been identified among them mutations in FANCG gene are most common after FANCA and FANCC gene mutations. OBJECTIVE: To study mutations in exon 3 and 4 of FANCG gene in Pakistani population. METHODS: Thirty five patients with positive Diepoxybutane test were included in the study...
June 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625957/studies-on-antihyperlipidemic-and-endothelium-modulatory-activities-of-polyherbal-formulation-pol4-and-its-ingredients-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#17
Abdul Malik, Malik Hassan Mehmood, Muhammad Shoaib Akhtar, Ghulam Haider, Anwarul Hassan Gilani
A compound herbal formulation (POL4) is used traditionally in interior parts (Distt. Badin) of Sindh, Pakistan, for the treatment of metabolic disorders like diabetes and hyperlipidemia. This study is aimed to determine the effectiveness of POL4 and its ingredients in hyperlipidemia and associated endothelial dysfunction and hypertension. POL4 is composed of equal proportion of Nigella sativa, Cichorium intybus, Trigonella foenum graecum and Gymnema sylvestre mixed in powdered form. Chronic (6 to 7 weeks) administration of POL4 and its ingredients mixed in diet caused a notable attenuation in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, atherogenic index, C-reactive protein and glucose, while it has increased high density lipoprotein levels...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625116/the-effects-of-immigration-and-media-influence-on-body-image-among-pakistani-men
#18
Sheeba Saghir, Lynda Hyland
This study examined the role of media influence and immigration on body image among Pakistani men. Attitudes toward the body were compared between those living in Pakistan ( n = 56) and those who had immigrated to the United Arab Emirates ( n = 58). Results of a factorial analysis of variance demonstrated a significant main effect of immigrant status. Pakistani men living in the United Arab Emirates displayed poorer body image than those in the Pakistan sample. Results also indicated a second main effect of media influence...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622791/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-haemoparasites-and-their-effects-on-hematological-profile-in-domesticated-chickens-in-district-layyah-punjab-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Ali-Ul-Husnain Naqvi, Muhammad Kasib Khan, Zafar Iqbal, Hafiz Muhammad Rizwan, Muhammad Nisar Khan, Sana Zahra Naqvi, Arsalan Zafar, Zia Ud Din Sindhu, Rao Zahid Abbas, Asghar Abbas
Several haemoparasites commonly infect avian species, including chicken that significantly decline productivity and ultimately lead to high mortality rate. The current study was designed to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of haemoparasites in domesticated chickens in and around District Layyah, Punjab Province, Pakistan. For this purpose, blood samples from a total of 384 backyard chickens were collected from wing vein using sterile insulin syringe. The parasites were identified from Giemsa stained thin blood smears based on morphological features using standard keys...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622101/hepatitis-c-virus-in-pakistan-community-education-is-an-effective-weapon-against-the-killer
#20
Muhammad Sohail Afzal, Muhammad Azhar Iqbal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Viral Immunology
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