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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049943/occurrence-and-profile-of-organophosphorus-compounds-in-fine-and-coarse-particulate-matter-from-two-urban-areas-of-china-and-pakistan
#1
Yasir Faiz, Naila Siddique, Huan He, Cheng Sun, Shahida Waheed
Seven organophosphorus compounds (OPs) were measured in urban fine and coarse particulate matter (PM) collected from two sites of Nanjing (XCNUC), China and Islamabad (APHSP), Pakistan. The fine PM mass at APHSP site was significantly higher (p = 0.005) in the spring (mean 22.5 μg/m(3)) than in the summer (mean 12.7 μg/m(3)). The total concentration, ∑(7)OPs, of samples collected at APHSP was found significantly higher in coarse (range 672-47621 pg/m(3)) than in fine PM (range 1200-15213 pg/m(3)); while ∑(7)OPs from XCNUC in fine (range 1696-15063 pg/m(3)) and coarse PM (range 2053-5379 pg/m(3)) were statistically different in samples during summer, based on two-sample t-test at 0...
October 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048726/trends-in-inequalities-in-child-stunting-in-south-asia
#2
Aditi Krishna, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Mark McGovern, Victor Aguayo, S V Subramanian
We analysed socio-economic inequalities in stunting in South Asia and investigated disparities associated with factors at the individual, caregiver, and household levels (poor dietary diversity, low maternal education, and household poverty). We used time-series analysis of data from 55,459 children ages 6-23 months from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan (1991-2014). Logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, birth order, and place of residency, examined associations between stunting and multiple types of socio-economic disadvantage...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048298/phylogenetic-analysis-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-from-hospitalized-children-pakistan
#3
Hasan Ejaz, Nancy Wang, Jonathan J Wilksch, Andrew J Page, Hanwei Cao, Shruti Gujaran, Jacqueline A Keane, Trevor Lithgow, Ikram Ul-Haq, Gordon Dougan, Richard A Strugnell, Eva Heinz
Klebsiella pneumoniae shows increasing emergence of multidrug-resistant lineages, including strains resistant to all available antimicrobial drugs. We conducted whole-genome sequencing of 178 highly drug-resistant isolates from a tertiary hospital in Lahore, Pakistan. Phylogenetic analyses to place these isolates into global context demonstrate the expansion of multiple independent lineages, including K. quasipneumoniae.
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045672/dynamics-of-evidence-informed-health-policy-making-in-pakistan
#4
Zaeem Haq, Assad Hafeez, Shamsa Zafar, Abdul Ghaffar
Incorporating evidence is fundamental to maintaining the general acceptance and efficiency in public policies. In Pakistan, different actors-local and global-strive to facilitate the development of evidence-informed health policies. Effective involvement however, requires knowledge of the country-context, i.e. knowing the intricacies of how policies are formulated in Pakistan. Obtaining this knowledge is one of the key steps to making interventions impactful. We carried out a qualitative study to explore the environment of evidence-informed health policy in Pakistan...
October 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044806/palyno-morphological-characteristics-of-gymnosperm-flora-of-pakistan-and-its-taxonomic-implications-with-lm-and-sem-methods
#5
Raees Khan, Sheikh Zain Ul Abidin, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Zafar, Jie Liu, Hafiza Amina
The present study is intended to assess gymnosperms pollen flora of Pakistan using Light Microscope (LM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) for its taxonomic significance in identification of gymnosperms. Pollens of 35 gymnosperm species (12 genera and five families) were collected from its various distributional sites of gymnosperms in Pakistan. LM and SEM were used to investigate different palyno-morphological characteristics. Five pollen types (i.e., Inaperturate, Monolete, Monoporate, Vesiculate-bisaccate and Polyplicate) were observed...
October 17, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044007/depressive-symptoms-monoamines-levels-mao-b-activity-and-effect-of-treatment-in-a-subset-of-depressed-individuals-from-government-sector-hospital-at-karachi
#6
Farah Zeb, Sabira Naqvi, Razaur Rahman, Ahsana Dar Farooq
Depression is one of the leading causes of disability in developing countries including Pakistan. This study was designed to assess the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms, monoamines and their metabolite levels, MAO-B activities before and after treatment with antidepressants in a sub-set of Karachi population in Pakistan. Drug naive depressed subjects were evaluated before and after treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Symptoms of depressed mood and anxiety psychic (90%) were more frequent whereas, suicidal thoughts (~50%) and feelings of guilt (~30%) were less common...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044002/irrational-antibiotic-prescribing-practice-among-children-in-critical-care-of-tertiary-hospitals
#7
Mirza Tasawer Baig, Ali Akbar Sial, Ambreen Huma, Maryam Ahmed, Uzma Shahid, Nayel Syed
This study assessed the prescribing pattern of irrational use of antibiotic among children under age of 12 years in public and private sector hospitals in Pakistan. The prospective clinical evaluation of drug utilization pattern of antimicrobials from Patient Bedside File (PBF) of in-patients and Culture Sensitivity Test (CST) reports were evaluated to determine the antibiotic resistance. Two indicators recorded to assess antibiotic prescribing were; dose of prescribed antibiotic (low-dose, rational and high -dose) and Indication (valid or invalid)...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043993/serum-levels-of-leptin-zinc-and-tryptophan-in-obese-subjects-with-sleep-deficits
#8
Noreen Samad, Farzana Yasmin, Suad Naheed, Abu Zeeshan Bari, M Mazhar Ayaz, Aqal Zaman, Atif Akbar, Saima Saeed, Najeeb Ullah
Obesity is an important risk factor for sleep disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the association of leptin, zinc and tryptophan (TRP) in obese subjects with sleep deficits [sleep apnea (SA), insomnia (IN)]. In this cross sectional case control, with the verbal and written consent 206, obese with sleep deficits and 30, non-obese/normal identified from various areas of Karachi, Pakistan. The socio-demographic data including; age, body mass index (BMI), education and residence, of participants was collected...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040728/comments-on-assessment-of-radiation-dose-and-excessive-life-time-cancer-risk-from-the-bunair-granite-northern-pakistan
#9
Munish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040316/rising-trends-and-inequalities-in-cesarean-section-rates-in-pakistan-evidence-from-pakistan-demographic-and-health-surveys-1990-2013
#10
Sarwat Mumtaz, Jinwook Bahk, Young-Ho Khang
Despite global efforts to improve maternal health, many developing countries including Pakistan have failed to achieve the target of a 75% reduction in maternal deaths by 2015. Addressing socioeconomic inequalities in access to emergency obstetric care is crucial for reducing the maternal mortality rate. This study was done to examine the time trends and socioeconomic inequalities in the utilization of cesarean section (C-section) in Pakistan during 1990-2013. We used data from the Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys (PDHS) conducted during 1990 to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039341/the-practice-of-self-medication-among-pakistani-university-students
#11
Mamoona Mushtaq, Saleem Gul, Fauzia Naz
Self-medication refers to the selection and use of medicines without prescription by an individuals' personal responsibility as a cure of self-identified disease. Although its rationale, type and extent may different from culture to culture, it is globally prevalent practice. In Pakistan no research is available on the use of self-medication among university students. The existing study was conducted to investigate the frequency and percentages of branded medicines used by university students, reasons and rationale behind self-medication...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039336/soil-transmitted-helminthiasis-in-different-occupational-groups-in-swat-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#12
Wali Khan, Noorun Nisa, Aly Khan
We investigated the prevalence of geohelminth parasites in farmers, education concerned and shepherd of Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A total of 1041 stool samples were examined from January 2006 to December 2008 using direct smear (Normal saline and Lugol's Iodine solution) the concentration methods and procedures. Seven hundred and sixty three (73.2%) individuals were found infected with one or more than one geohelminth parasites. Four hundred and eighteen (54.7%) were infected with single parasite and three hundred forty five (45...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039321/assessment-of-thyroid-hormone-levels-and-thyroid-disorders-a-case-study-from-gujranwala-pakistan
#13
Narjis Naz, Shakera Khatoon Rizvi, Zubi Sadiq
This case study is conducted to investigate the thyroid hormone levels and relevant disorders including evaluation of dietary conditions in the rural area of Gujranwala and its surrounding districts. Thyroid disorders are clinically prevalent and their manifestation differs considerably with geographical variations. A randomized study of 177 subjects was carried out, with a questionnaire about their dietary habits/life style and acquisition of blood samples for thyroid hormone level assessment using radioimmunoassay technique...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039319/heavy-metals-identification-and-exposure-at-workplace-environment-its-extent-of-accumulation-in-blood-of-iron-and-steel-recycling-foundry-workers-of-lahore-pakistan
#14
Muhammad Ahsan Riaz, Amtul Bari Tabinda Akhtar, Ayesha Riaz, Ghulam Mujtaba, Muhammad Ali, Beenish Ijaz
The determination of heavy metals in blood is an important occupational environmental toxicology screening procedure. The aim of study was to determine the concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cr and Ni in blood samples of iron and steel foundry workplace exposed workers under routine clinical laboratory conditions. The method was employed for the quantitative determination of lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel in workplace environment particulate matter blood samples from iron and steel foundry workers and in unexposed controls...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037005/stroke-epidemiology-in-south-east-and-south-east-asia-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Byung Woo Yoon, Jeyaraj Pandian, Jose C Navarro
Asia, which holds 60% of the world's population, comprises some developing countries which are in economic transition. This paper reviews the epidemiology of stroke in South, East and South-East Asia. Data on the epidemiology of stroke in South, East, and South-East Asia were derived from the Global Burden of Disease study (mortality, disability-adjusted life-years [DALYs] lost because of stroke), World Health Organization (vascular risk factors in the community), and publications in PubMed (incidence, prevalence, subtypes, vascular risk factors among hospitalized stroke patients)...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036009/exchangeable-zinc-pool-size-at-birth-in-pakistani-sga-and-aga-infants-do-not-differ-but-are-lower-than-in-us-infants
#16
Shabina Ariff, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, K Michael Hambidge, Leland V Miller, Arjumand Rizvi, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
OBJECTIVES: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are more susceptible to infectious morbidity and growth faltering compared to their appropriate for gestational age (AGA) counterparts. Zinc supplementation of SGA infants may be beneficial but the underlying susceptibility to zinc deficiency of SGA infants has not been examined. METHODS: In a community-based, observational, longitudinal study in a peri-urban settlement of Karachi, Pakistan, we compared the size of the exchangeable zinc pools (EZP) in term SGA and AGA infants at birth and at 6 months of age, hypothesizing that the EZP would be lower in the SGA group...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035133/genetic-polymorphism-and-bottleneck-analysis-of-balkhi-hashtnagri-and-michni-sheep-populations-using-microsatellite-markers
#17
Muhammad Ibrahim, Sohail Ahmad, Irfan Safdar Durrani, Aqib Iqbal, Iqbal Munir, Zahoor Ahmad Swati
Pakistan is rich in sheep genetic resources. Balkhi, Hashtnagri, and Michni are neighboring sheep populations found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. In this study, we analyzed the genetic structures and bottleneck incidents within these sheep populations using 31 microsatellite DNA markers. Total numbers of 116, 100, and 95 alleles, with average numbers of 3.20, 3.26, and 3.74 alleles per locus were observed, respectively, in Balkhi, Hashtnagri, and Michni population. Mean observed heterozygosity was 0...
October 16, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034593/genetic-diversity-and-comparison-of-diagnostic-tests-for-characterization-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-strains-from-pakistan-2008-2012
#18
Z Ahmed, S J Pauszek, A Ludi, M LaRocco, E-U-H Khan, M Afzal, M J Arshed, U Farooq, J Arzt, M Bertram, B Brito, K Naeem, M Abubakar, L L Rodriguez
We report the laboratory analysis of 125 clinical samples from suspected cases of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in cattle and Asian buffalo collected in Pakistan between 2008 and 2012. Of these samples, 89 were found to contain viral RNA by rRT-PCR, of which 88 were also found to contain infectious FMD virus (FMDV) by virus isolation (VI), with strong correlation between these tests (κ = 0.96). Samples that were VI-positive were serotyped by antigen detection ELISA (Ag-ELISA) and VP1 sequence acquisition and analysis...
October 16, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034228/commentary-outbreak-of-chikungunya-in-pakistan
#19
COMMENT
Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Yusra Habib Khan, Amer Hayat Khan, Nida Tanveer, Omaid Hayat Khan, Raja Ahsan Aftab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033256/acoustic-analysis-of-normal-voice-patterns-in-pakistani-adults
#20
Saira Ambreen, Nazia Bashir, Sharmeen Aslam Tarar, Rukhsana Kausar
This study was designed to find out normative acoustic measures of adults in Pakistan. Age and gender differences in these parameters were also studied. The study variables include fundamental frequency, absolute jitter, relative jitter, relative average perturbation, 5-point period perturbation quotient perturbation quotient, jitter average absolute difference between consecutive periods, divided by the average period, shimmer local, shimmer decibel, three-point amplitude perturbation quotient, five-point amplitude perturbation quotient, average absolute difference of consecutive differences between the consecutive periods' amplitudes, and harmonics-to-noise ratio...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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