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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441062/measles-cases-among-adolescents-in-southern-pakistan-2012-2015-the-case-for-revisiting-vaccination-strategies
#1
Sadia Shakoor, Erum Khan, Muhammad Imran Rajput, Wali Muhammad Rahimoon
AIMS: Surveillance of adult measles in Pakistan is a challenge as it does not enjoy the status of a reportable disease unlike childhood cases and therefore cases remain undetected and unreported or misdiagnosed. Consequently no data or estimates of young adult cases, seroprevalence, or estimates of susceptible preadolescent or young adult population exist. We have presented both laboratory conformed and clinically suspected cases of measles occurring in adolescents and adults in the southern province of Sindh in Pakistan...
April 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436831/gamma-power-in-rural-pakistani-children-links-to-executive-function-and-verbal-ability
#2
Amanda R Tarullo, Jelena Obradović, Brandon Keehn, Muneera A Rasheed, Saima Siyal, Charles A Nelson, Aisha K Yousafzai
Children in low- and middle-income countries are at high risk of cognitive deficits due to environmental deprivation that compromises brain development. Despite the high prevalence of unrealized cognitive potential, very little is known about neural correlates of cognition in this population. We assessed resting EEG power and cognitive ability in 105 highly disadvantaged 48-month-old children in rural Pakistan. An increase in EEG power in gamma frequency bands (21-30Hz and 31-45Hz) was associated with better executive function...
March 31, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436333/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-c-infection-in-pakistan-current-estimate-and-major-risk-factors
#3
Aiman Arshad, Usman Ali Ashfaq
In Pakistan, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major healthcare problem, with acute and chronic infections responsible for liver damage, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Under the Human Development Index of the United Nations, Pakistan is ranked 134th of 174 countries due to its poor educational and health standards. This study was designed to study HCV and its genotype prevalence in different cities and provinces of Pakistan and describe the major routes of HCV transmission. Literature searches were performed in PubMed, Mendeley, and Google Scholar...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435575/outpatient-percutaneous-release-of-trigger-finger-a-cost-effective-and-safe-procedure
#4
Z Marij, Q Aurangzeb, H R Rizwan, R Haroon, M H Pervaiz
INTRODUCTION: Trigger finger is a common cause of pain and disability of the hand. Percutaneous release results in earlier functional recovery and patient satisfaction. This is a rapid and cost-effective method which saves a surgical procedure and results in better functional outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study conducted on fifty-two fingers and thumbs in 52 patients treated from 1st July 2014 till 31st December 2014, in the Orthopaedic Section, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435242/burden-of-asthma-dyspnea-and-chronic-cough-in-south-asia
#5
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough are well-established risk factors of COPD and often associated with exacerbation of the disease, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in South Asian countries. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to, 1) measure the prevalence of asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough, and 2) assess the relationship between these respiratory problems and self-reported health status among South Asians. METHODS: Data for this research came from the World Health Survey (2002-2003) conducted by the World Health Organization...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434249/pulmonary-tuberculosis-is-associated-with-biomass-fuel-use-among-rural-women-in-pakistan-an-age-and-residence-matched-case-control-study
#6
Unaib Rabbani, Ambreen Sahito, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Ambreen Kazi, Zafar Fatmi
Facility-based, age- and residential area-matched case-control study was conducted in Sindh, Pakistan to determine association between biomass fuel use for cooking and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Cases were women with pulmonary TB, and controls were those suffering from other diseases. Current users of biomass fuel were at higher risk of pulmonary TB (adjusted matched odds ratio [mOR] = 3.0; 95% CI = 1.1-4.9) compared with nonusers. In comparison with former biomass users (women not using biomass for >10 years), recent biomass users (women who switched from biomass to nonbiomass ≤10 years ago), and current (lifetime) users were at a higher risk in a dose-response manner (adjusted mOR = 2...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432963/health-hazards-of-child-labor-in-the-leather-products-and-surgical-instrument-manufacturing-industries-of-sialkot-pakistan
#7
Muhammad Junaid, Riffat Naseem Malik, De-Sheng Pei
Child labor is a major challenge in the developing countries and comprehensive health hazard identification studies on this issue are still lacking. Therefore, the current study is an effort to highlight the health concerns of child labor exposed in the key small scale industries of Sialkot, Pakistan. Our findings revealed jolting levels of heavy metals in the urine, blood, serum, saliva, and hair samples collected from the exposed children. For example, in the urine samples, Cd, Cr, Ni, and Pb were measured at the respective concentrations of 39...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431334/one-hundred-injured-patients-a-day-multicenter-emergency-room-surveillance-of-trauma-in-pakistan
#8
A A Hyder, S He, W Zafar, M U Mir, J A Razzak
OBJECTIVES: Injuries increasingly contribute to the global burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. This study presents results from a large-scale surveillance study on injury from several urban emergency departments (EDs) in Pakistan. The objective is to document the burden of injuries that present to the healthcare system in Pakistan and to test the feasibility of an ED-based injury and trauma surveillance system. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted using active surveillance approach...
April 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429250/exploring-geospatial-techniques-for-spatiotemporal-change-detection-in-land-cover-dynamics-along-soan-river-pakistan
#9
Hafsa Bashir, Sheikh Saeed Ahmad
Classification of land cover dynamics via satellite imagery has played indispensible services in developing effective management strategies for evaluation and management of water resources. The present study employed geospatial techniques, i.e., integrated GIS and remote sensing for effectual land change study. Hybrid classification approach was applied using ERDAS Imagine 11 to detect changes in land cover dynamics using satellite imagery of Landsat 4, 5 TM, Landsat 7 ETM, and Landsat 8 OLI for the years of 1992, 2002, and 2015, respectively...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428133/epidemiological-study-of-common-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-camels-in-south-punjab-pakistan
#10
Aneela Zameer Durrani, Zubair Bashir, Imran Rasheed, Noor-Ul-Ain Sarwar
Bacteriological study of mastitis along with common blood protozoan diseases were studied in dromedary camels in Cholistan, Dera Ismail Khan and Rahim Yar Khan districts in South Punjab, Pakistan. For this purpose 300 camels were sampled randomly at different common grazing and watering point. For study of blood parasites clinically suspected and apparently healthy camels, 150 each, were sampled. An overall prevalence of 15%and 5% was recorded for trypanosomiasis and Anaplasmosis respectively. Trypanosoma evansi was identified with 280 bp product on polymerase chain reaction test...
April 17, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427406/latent-membrane-protein-1-lmp1-expression-in-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-its-correlation-with-clinical-and-histologic-parameters
#11
Atif Ali Hashmi, Zubaida Fida Hussain, Kashif Ali Hashmi, Muhammad Irfan Zafar, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Naveen Faridi, Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most prevalent lymphoproliferative disorders in Pakistan; however, no risk factors for this disease have yet to be established in our population. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a well-known risk factor for Hodgkin lymphoma in endemic regions of the world; however, frequency of its association in our population has not been widely studied. Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a surrogate marker of EBV in Hodgkin lymphoma...
April 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427398/euphorbia-dracunculoides-l-abrogates-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-liver-and-dna-damage-in-rats
#12
Riffat Batool, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Muhammad Majid
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of Euphorbia dracunculoides of family Euphorbiaceae during previous studies had established the in vitro antioxidant and in vivo anti-inflammatory activities. The plant is used by the local communities of Pakistan for various disorders including rheumatism and edema. In this investigation we have evaluated the hepatoprotective effects against CCl4 induced toxicity in rat. METHODS: Dry powder of the aerial parts of E. dracunculoides was extracted with 95% methanol to get the extract (EDME)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425873/rapid-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-and-rifampicin-resistance-in-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-and-sputum-smear-negative-pulmonary-suspects-using-xpert-mtb-rif
#13
Irfan Ullah, Arshad Javaid, Haleema Masud, Mazhar Ali, Anila Basit, Waqas Ahmad, Faisal Younis, Rehana Yasmin, Afsar Khan, Abdul Jabbar, Masroor Husain, Zahid Ahmad Butt
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious public health problem in developing countries such as Pakistan. Rapid diagnosis of TB and detection of drug resistance are very important for timely and appropriate management of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic efficacy of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay for rapid diagnosis of TB and detection of rifampicin (RIF) resistance in extrapulmonary and smear-negative pulmonary TB suspects...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425259/analysis-of-fancc-gene-mutations-ivs4-4a-t-del322g-and-r548x-in-patients-with-fanconi-anemia-in-pakistan
#14
Iram Aftab, Saima Iram, Saba Khaliq, Muhammad Israr, Nadir Ali, Shah Jahan, Shabbir Hussain, Shagufta Khaliq, Shahida Mohsin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease determined by mutations in at least 16 genes, with distinct distributions in different populations. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports regarding the molecular basis of the disease in FA patients in Pakistan. The current study aimed to determine the frequency of FANCC gene mutations, i.e. IVS4+4A>T, del322G, and R548X, in FA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genomic DNA was obtained from 36 FA patients...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420938/assessment-of-the-3-d-vision-syndrome-among-the-spectators-of-three-dimensional-3-d-movies-in-karachi-pakistan
#15
Muhammad Wasay Ali Khan, Saiyed Abdullah Abubakar Mohsin Ehsanullah, Nosheen Zehra, Raja Azhar Bilal Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420937/rise-and-stalling-of-public-health-in-pakistan
#16
Inayat Thaver, Mariam Ashraf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420929/perception-of-pathology-as-a-future-career-choice-among-medical-students-from-karachi-pakistan-experience-from-a-private-medical-school
#17
Najia Karim Ghanchi, Raabia Nizamuddin Nizamuddin, Amna Qasim, Zahra Nur Khaled, Ahmed Buksh Raheem, Natasha Ali, Naila Kayani, Mohammad Asim Beg
To determine the perception of pathology as a future career choice among medical students of a private medical school from Karachi, Pakistan. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 201 students participated in this study. All Students were approached randomly to participate. A total of 201 students participant survey forms were evaluated in this study. The overall satisfaction level with pathology was observed in 61.8% of the students. Majority of the students understood subspecialties which were a part of clinical medicine...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420923/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-early-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#18
Ghulam Hussain, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig, Abdul Ghaffar, Sara Zaheer, Hafiz Muhammad Azam Raheel, Sehrish Khalid
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of body mass index on early outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective comparative study was conducted at Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan, and comprised data of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from December 2007 to December 2015. Analysis of variance and chi-square test were used for analysis of groups formed on the basis of body mass index...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420915/paternal-malparenting-and-offspring-personality-disorders-mediating-effect-of-early-maladaptive-schemas
#19
Naila Batool, Humaira Shehzadi, Muhammad Naveed Riaz, Muhammad Akram Riaz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediating role of maladaptive schemas between permissive/authoritarian parenting by fathers and personality disorders, including histrionic, antisocial, narcissistic and depressive attitudes among adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan, and comprised university students. Data was collected by administering the parental authority questionnaire, the young schema questionnaire and the personality diagnostic questionnaire...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420914/simulation-training-using-cadaver-sheep-chest-in-pleuroscopy-a-step-towards-skills-enhancement
#20
Talha Mahmud, Tajwar Nasir, Muhammad Saqib, Muhammad Aasim, Nasir Siddique
OBJECTIVE: For assessing the use of if simulation training on animal cadavers as a useful tool for training in pleuroscopy. METHODS: The email-based cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2014 at Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised respiratory physicians and trainees after their participation in a two-day hands-on training course on pleuroscopy and pleural medical procedures. The responses were analysed and the responses of physicians and trainees were compared...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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