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Addiction crystal meth

Lisa Proebstl, Felicia Kamp, Gabi Koller, Michael Soyka
Methamphetamine use has spread in many European countries and the United States. The current review provides a summary and critical analysis of research on cognitive deficits associated with methamphetamine, also known as "crystal meth." The literature search performed for this review led us to the hypothesis that methamphetamine use is associated with persistent changes in brain metabolism that result in various impairments, such as deficits in memory, attention, and concentration. The dopaminergic system in particular seems to be affected...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
Kim Usher, Debra Jackson, Cindy Woods, Jan Sayers, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary
The crystalline form of methamphetamine, commonly known as crystal meth (crystal methamphetamine) or ICE, is a highly-addictive and powerful stimulant. Users of crystal meth often require emergency care, and are associated with a substantial burden of care by emergency care providers. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore health professionals' experiences of providing care for patients affected by ICE who presented to the emergency department (ED). Nine semistructured interviews were conducted...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
T Výtisková, D Suchá, Z Fučíková
OBJECTIVE: To describe hear-attack on crystal meth addicted pregnant woman. DESIGN: Case report. CONCLUSION: Acute heart-attack during pregnancy means unexpected obstetric complication. The consequences could be fatal for the mother and the fetus. Although good delivery management and treatment could reduce morbidity and mortality to a minimum.
December 0: Ceská Gynekologie
F Betzler, A Heinz, S Köhler
Background: Synthetic drug use and abuse are on the rise. Governmental institutions report a shift in consumption from natural drugs to synthetic drugs, and show an increase in confiscation, particularly of methamphetamine and newly identified psychoactive substances. In addition, the media report an alarming increase in the rate of consumption and casualties resulting from the use of drugs such as "crystal meth" and warn against a flood of this and other designer drugs from eastern European countries. Objectives: The present article gives an overview of current popular and widely used synthetic drugs, both classical substances (amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA) and new psychoactive substances ("designer drugs", "legal highs")...
November 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
Theodore K Gideonse
After being arrested for violating a restraining order against his husband, on November 24, 2013, Yale professor Samuel See died while in lockup at the Union Avenue Detention Center in New Haven, Connecticut. The death received media attention around the world, with readers arguing online about whether See's death was caused by police misconduct, as his friends and colleagues charged in interviews and during a well-publicised march and protest. When an autopsy revealed that he had died from a methamphetamine-induced heart attack, online commentary changed dramatically, with See's many supporters rhetorically abandoning him and others describing him as a stereotype of the gay meth addict who deserved his fate...
February 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Niklas Rommel, Nils H Rohleder, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Roland Härtel-Petri, Frederic Jacob, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Marco R Kesting
OBJECTIVE: The use of methamphetamine (MA), a highly addictive stimulant, is rapidly increasing, with MA being widely abused as the scene drug "Crystal Meth" (CM). CM has been associated with severe oral health effects, resulting in so-called "Meth mouth". This term appeared for the first time in 2005 in the literature and describes the final complex of symptoms including rampant caries, periodontal diseases and excessive tooth wear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic CM abuse on teeth and intraoral tissue with respect to potential symptoms of Meth mouth...
April 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Danya Fast, Thomas Kerr, Evan Wood, Will Small
Transitions into more harmful forms of illicit drug use among youth have been identified as important foci for research and intervention. In settings around the world, the transition to crystal methamphetamine (meth) use among youth is considered a particularly dangerous and growing problem. Epidemiological evidence suggests that, particularly among young, street-involved populations, meth use is associated with numerous sex- and drug-related "risks behaviors" and negative health outcomes. Relatively few studies, however, have documented how youth themselves understand, experience and script meth use over time...
June 2014: Social Science & Medicine
Farai Nyabadza, John B H Njagarah, Robert J Smith
Substance abuse remains a global problem, with immense health and social consequences. Crystal meth, known as 'tik' in South Africa, is a growing problem, and its supply chains have equally grown due to increased numbers of 'tik' users, especially in the Western Cape province of South Africa. We consider a model for 'tik' use that tracks drug-supply chains, and accounts for rehabilitation and amelioration for the addicted. We analyse the model and show that it has a unique drug-free equilibrium. We prove that the drug-free equilibrium is globally stable when the reproduction number is less than one...
January 2013: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
Radha Rajasingham, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jaclyn M White, Megan M Pinkston, Rachel P Baden, Jennifer A Mitty
Men who have sex with men (MSM) have the highest incidence of HIV infection in the United States. One of the contributing factors to HIV spread among this group is the use of crystal methamphetamine ("meth"). The objective was to review the behavioral impact of crystal meth use in HIV-infected MSM and potential treatment options. A systematic review of MEDLINE identified studies that evaluated the clinical effects of crystal meth on the HIV-infected MSM population. Search terms included HIV, methamphetamine, MSM, antiretroviral therapy, adherence, resistance, and treatment...
January 2012: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
M R Lee
Ephedra is a Chinese shrub which has been used in China for medicinal purposes for several thousand years. The pure alkaloid ephedrine was first isolated and characterised by Nagai in 1885. It was then forgotten until it was rediscovered by Chen and Schmidt in the early 1920s. Its actions on the adrenoceptors could be classified into separate alpha and beta effects--a defining moment in the history of autonomic pharmacology. Ephedrine became a highly popular and effective treatment for asthma, particularly because, unlike adrenaline (until then the standard therapy), it can be given by mouth...
March 2011: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Ribhi Hazin, Jean Lud Cadet, Malik Y Kahook, Dunia Saed
Numerous medical sequelae associated with illicit drug use have been reported. Nevertheless, there has been scarce documentation of the effects of these drugs on the eyes. Drug-induced ocular symptoms include decreased visual acuity, disturbances in perception, and even flashbacks. Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly addictive drug whose abuse has spread worldwide during the past two decades. METH abuse is associated with many adverse psychiatric and medical consequences including strokes and psychosis. METH-induced ophthalmic complications are rarely discussed but include retinal vasculitis, episcleritis, panophthalmitis, endophthalmitis, scleritis, retinopathy, corneal ulceration, and transient visual losses...
February 2009: Neurotoxicity Research
Fouad Chiadmi, Joël Schlatter
UNLABELLED: Crystal Meth: is a synthesis drug whose consumption developed with the beginning of the year 2000 in Europe. Crystal can be swallowed, crunched, smoked, injected or inserted by rectal way. Required effects: "crystal" removes tiredness, brings a feeling of power and of self-control, makes trustful, sexy and merry. Clinical effects: by its sympathomimetic action-like, "crystal" causes hypertension and tachycardia. It crosses the placenta and and is excreted in the mother's milk...
January 2009: La Presse Médicale
Stephen J Kish
Crystal meth is a form of the stimulant drug methamphetamine that, when smoked, can rapidly achieve high concentrations in the brain. Methamphetamine causes the release of the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin and activates the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. The levels of dopamine are low in the brain of some drug users, but whether this represents neuronal loss is uncertain. The areas of the brain involved in methamphetamine addiction are unknown but probably include the dopamine-rich striatum and regions that interact with the striatum...
June 17, 2008: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Matthew J Mimiaga, Andrew D Fair, Kenneth H Mayer, Karestan Koenen, Steven Gortmaker, Ashley M Tetu, Jeremy Hobson, Steven A Safren
The prevalence of crystal methamphetamine "meth" use among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been shown to be 20 times that of the general population, and it has been linked to increased sexual risk taking in MSM and others. Although previously seen as a "West Coast" phenomenon, clinical and other reports indicate that it is problematic among MSM regardless of geographic location. To assist in future intervention development, we interviewed 20 HIV-infected MSM who believe they seroconverted in the context of using crystal meth...
February 2008: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2005: TreatmentUpdate
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2005: TreatmentUpdate
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2005: TreatmentUpdate
Eddie Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2005: Positively Aware: the Monthly Journal of the Test Positive Aware Network
S Z Imam, J el-Yazal, G D Newport, Y Itzhak, J L Cadet, W Slikker, S F Ali
Oxidative stress, reactive oxygen (ROS), and nitrogen (RNS) species have been known to be involved in a multitude of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Both ROS and RNS have very short half-lives, thereby making their identification very difficult as a specific cause of neurodegeneration. Recently, we have developed a high performance liquid chromatography/electrochemical detection (HPLC/EC) method to identify 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), an in vitro and in vivo biomarker of peroxynitrite production, in cell cultures and brain to evaluate if an agent-driven neurotoxicity is produced by the generation of peroxynitrite...
June 2001: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
J Glittenberg, C Anderson
A national increase in the use of methamphetamine, a cheap, accessible, and dangerous drug, prompted the National Institute on Drug Addiction to sponsor an ethnographic study in the Tucson-Nogales area. This area has experienced a rapid rise in methamphetamine (also known as meth, speed, crank, smoke, or crystal ice) use during the past 3 years. Mexican and Canadian borders are ports of entry for meth and precursor substances, and home manufacturing has increased substantially. The dual consequences of overdose and addiction result in devastating long-term psychological and physiological problems...
December 1999: Substance Use & Misuse
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