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Bing-You Yang, Chun-Li Yang, Yan Liu, Hai-Xue Kuang
The chemical constituents from the n-butanol fraction of the 70% ethanol extract of Datura metel roots were separated by silica gel and ODS chromatogram columns as well as preparative HPLC. On the basis of spectral data analysis, their structures were elucidated. Twenty-one compounds were obtained and their structures were identified as citroside A (1), coniferin (2), paeoniflorin (3), (6R,7E,9R)-9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one 9-O-[α-L-arabin-opyranosyl-(l→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside] (4), (1R,7R,10R,11R)-12-hydroxyl anhuienosol (5), kaurane acid glycoside A (6), ent-2-oxo-15,16-dihydroxypimar-8(14)-en-16-O-β-glucopyranoside (7), ginsenoside Rg₁(8), ginsenoside Re (9), notoginsenosides R₁(10), N-butyl-O-β-D-fructofuranoside (11), salidroside (12), hexyl β-sophoroside (13), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenol 1-glucoside (14), benzyl-O-β-D-xylopyranoxyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), (Z)-3-hexenyl-O-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), N-[2-(3,4-dihydro-xyphenyl)-2-hydroxyethyl]-3-(4-methoxyphenyl) prop-2-enamide (17), cannabisin D (18), cannabisin E (19), melongenamide B (20), paprazine (21)...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Zhilin Qi, Tuo Tang, Lili Sheng, Yunfei Ma, Yinhua Liu, Liang Yan, Shimei Qi, Liefeng Ling, Yao Zhang
Salidroside, an active ingredient extracted from the Rhodiola rosea plant, has potential anti‑tumor effects. However, the effects of salidroside on gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration remain unclear. In the present study, the inhibitory effects of salidroside on gastric cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion and the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects were investigated. The human gastric cancer cell line, BGC‑823, was treated with different concentrations of salidroside (200, 400 and 600 µg/ml)...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Sahil Kapoor, Rinky Raghuvanshi, Pushpender Bhardwaj, Hemant Sood, Shweta Saxena, Om Prakash Chaurasia
Rhodiola imbricata is a rare medicinal herb well-known for its adaptogenic and antioxidant properties due to the presence of a diverse array of secondary metabolites, including phenylethanoids and phenylpropanoids. These secondary metabolites are generating considerable interest due to their potential applications in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries. The present study investigated the influence of light quality on growth, production of industrially important secondary metabolites and antioxidant activity in callus cultures of Rhodiola imbricata...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Ling Zhao, Hongbin Zhao, Wen Qin, Gen Li, Junjie Tang, Jiuna Wang
To investigate the mechanism of cAMP/Ca 2+ signaling pathway inducing bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into neuronal cells, we cultured the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells D1 cells in the present study. D1 cells were divided into two groups: control group and salidroside inducing groups. Control group was cultured with complete culture solution D/F12, while salidroside inducing groups were induced with 100 mg·L -1 salidroside for different time periods (24, 48 and 72 hours). PCR-array assay was used to detect expression of 84 calcium related mRNA, and significantly different genes were chosen to analyse...
June 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
Tao Li, Yang Feng, Ruixin Yang, Leitao Wu, Ruru Li, Lu Huang, Qian Yang, Jianzong Chen
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the presence of Lewy bodies (LBs) in the surviving SNc neurons. LBs formation is caused by the accumulation of α-synuclein (α-syn) or phosphorylated α-syn at serine-129 (pSer129-α-syn), which is implicated in the pathological progression of PD. Salidroside (Sal), the main active ingredient of the root of Rhodiola rosea L ., has been reported to have potent neuroprotective properties in our previous investigations...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Suryanarayan Biswal, Kalpana Kumari Barhwal, Debashree Das, Richa Dhingra, Nilima Dhingra, Tapas Chanda Nag, Sunil Kumar Hota
Chronic hypoxic stress results in deposition of lipofuscin granules in the CA3 region of hippocampal neurons which contributes to neurodegeneration and accelerated neuronal aging. Oxidative stress and mitophagy during hypoxia are crucial to cause aggregation of these lipofuscin granules in hypoxic neurons. Salidroside, a glucoside derivative of β-Tyrosol, has been reported to protect hypoxic neurons through maintenance of mitochondrial activity. The present study is aimed at investigating the potential of Salidroside in preventing mitophagy during chronic hypoxia and identification of the molecular targets and underlying signaling mechanisms...
April 30, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
Dong-Mei Wu, Xin-Rui Han, Xin Wen, Shan Wang, Shao-Hua Fan, Juan Zhuang, Yong-Jian Wang, Zi-Feng Zhang, Meng-Qiu Li, Bin Hu, Qun Shan, Chun-Hui Sun, Jun Lu, Yuan-Lin Zheng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease, and recent studies suggested that oxidative stress (OS) contributes to the cascade that leads to dopamine cell degeneration in PD. In this study, we hypothesized that salidroside (SDS) offers protection against OS injury in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) unilaterally lesioned rats as well as the underlying mechanism. METHODS: SDS and LiCl (activators of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway) administration alone and in combination with 6-OHDA injection in rats was performed 3 days before modeling for 17 consecutive days to verify the regulatory mechanism by which SDS affects the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway as well as to evaluate the protective effect of SDS on PD in relation to OS in vivo...
April 25, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jian-Hua Shao, Jia Chen, Chun-Chao Zhao, Jie Shen, Wen-Yan Liu, Wen-Yan Gu, Ke-Huan Li
The ethanolic extract of the stems of Viburnum fordiae Hance showed insecticidal and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities and then was fractionated by bioactivity-guided fractionation to obtain a rare C13 -norisoprenoid (1), together with a new phenolic glycoside (2), and seven known compounds, alangionoside C (3), pisumionoside (4), koaburaside (5), 3,5-dimethoxy-benzyl alcohol 4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (6), 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl-β-d-glucopyranoside (7), arbutin (8), and salidroside (9). The previously undescribed compounds were elucidated as (3R,9R)-3-hydroxy-7,8-didehydro-β-ionyl 9-O-α-d-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) and 2-(4-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl)syringylpropane-1,3-diol (2) by spectroscopic data (1 H and 13 C NMR, HSQC, HMBC, 1 H-1 H COSY, HSQC-TOCSY, HRESIMS, IR and ORD) and chemical methods...
April 27, 2018: Natural Product Research
Ying-Hui Kong, Su-Ping Xu
Salidroside (SR) is a main component of Rhodiola rosea L. and exhibits a variety of pharmacologic properties. The present study was carried out to explore the potential effect of SR against skin cancer induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13‑acetate (TPA) in female Institute for Cancer Research (ICR) mice and to reveal the underlying molecular targets regulated by SR. The mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, DMBA/TPA, DMBA/TPA+SR (20 mg/kg) and DMBA/TPA+SR (40 mg/kg)...
April 18, 2018: Oncology Reports
Fei Zhou, Weisu Huang, Maiquan Li, Yongheng Zhong, Mengmeng Wang, Baiyi Lu
Acteoside and salidroside are major phenylethanoid glycosides (PhGs) in Osmanthus fragrans Lour. flowers with extensive pharmacological activities and poor oral bioavailability. The absorption mechanisms of these two compounds remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the bioaccessibility of these compounds using an in vitro gastro-intestinal digestion model, and to examine the absorption and transport mechanisms of PhGs using the Caco-2 cell model. The in vitro digestion model revealed that the bioaccessibility of salidroside (98...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Peng Zhang, Yuanmin Li, Rong Guo, Wangfu Zang
BACKGROUND Salidroside, the major active compound in Rhodiola, has been reported to provide beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases, but its effects on diabetes-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction are less known. Here, we examined the protective effects of salidroside on endothelial function in diabetes and explored the potential underlying mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS First, we assessed the endothelium-dependent relaxation response to acetylcholine, with or without salidroside treatment, in aortas isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats...
April 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Jingjie Jiang, Hua Yin, Shuai Wang, Yibin Zhuang, Shaowei Liu, Tao Liu, Yanhe Ma
Salidroside is an important plant-derived aromatic compound with diverse biological properties. Due to inadequate natural resources, the supply of salidroside is currently limited. In this work, we engineered the production of salidroside in yeast. First, the aromatic aldehyde synthase (AAS) from Petroselinum crispum was overexpressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae when combined with endogenous Ehrlich pathway to produce tyrosol from tyrosine. Glucosyltransferases from different resources were tested for ideal production of salidroside in the yeast...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Maiquan Li, Tao Xu, Fei Zhou, Mengmeng Wang, Huaxin Song, Xing Xiao, Baiyi Lu
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcription factor against oxidative stress and neurodegenerative disorders. Phenylethanoid glycosides (PhGs; salidroside, acteoside, isoacteoside, and echinacoside) exhibit antioxidant and neuroprotective bioactivities. This study was performed to investigate the neuroprotective effect and molecular mechanism of PhGs. PhGs pretreatment significantly suppressed H₂O₂-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells by triggering the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and reversing the downregulated protein expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), glutamate cysteine ligase-catalytic subunit (GCLC), and glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit (GCLM)...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Wei Zuo, Feng Yan, Bo Zhang, Xiaomin Hu, Dan Mei
Cerebral ischemia causes blood-brain barrier (BBB) injury and thus increases the risk of complications secondary to thrombolysis, which limited its clinical application. This study aims to clarify the role and mechanism of salidroside (SALD) in alleviating brain ischemic injury and whether pretreatment of it could improve prognosis of delayed treatment of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). Rats were subjected to 3h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and were intraperitoneally administered with 10, 20 or 40mg/kg SALD before ischemia...
April 4, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Ge Yu, Na Li, Yan Zhao, Wei Wang, Xiao-Ling Feng
Salidroside is one of the most potent compounds extracted from the plant Rhodiola rosea , and its cardiovascular protective effects have been studied extensively. However, the role of salidroside in human ovarian carcinoma remains unknown. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of salidroside on the proliferation and apoptosis of SKOV3 and A2780 cells using MTT assay and acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining. Salidroside activated caspase-3 and upregulated the levels of apoptosis-inducing factor, Bcl-2-associated X and Bcl-2-associated death promoter (Bad) proteins...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
Xia Wang, Xiaoyuan Du, Yang Zhou, Su Wang, Feng Su, Shicui Zhang
One of the most studied and widely accepted conjectures of aging process is the oxidative stress theory. Previous studies have shown that salidroside can protect D-galactose-induced mouse model against aging and a formulation of Rhodiola rosea extracts (SHR-5) containing salidroside increases lifespan of fruit fly. However, direct evidence linking salidroside itself with the observed anti-aging effect in vivo and relevant molecular mechanisms are poorly defined. In this study, we first demonstrated that salidroside exhibited a time-dependent effect, and late-onset long-term salidroside dietary intake extended the lifespan in the annual fish Nothobranchius guentheri ...
March 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Xue Liu, Xiao-Bo Li, Jianlan Jiang, Zhen-Ning Liu, Bin Qiao, Fei-Fei Li, Jing-Sheng Cheng, Xiaocui Sun, Ying-Jin Yuan, Jianjun Qiao, Guang-Rong Zhao
Synthetic microbial coculture to express heterologous biosynthetic pathway for de novo production of medicinal ingredients is an emerging strategy for metabolic engineering and synthetic biology. Here, taking efficient production of salidroside as an example of glycosides, we design and construct a syntrophic Escherichia coli-E. coli coculture composed of the aglycone (AG) strain and the glycoside (GD) strain, which convergently accommodate biosynthetic pathways of tyrosol and salidroside, respectively. To accomplish this the phenylalanine-deficient AG strain was engineered to utilize xylose preferentially and to overproduce precursor tyrosol, while the tyrosine-deficient GD strain was constructed to consume glucose exclusively and to enhance another precursor UDP-glucose availability for synthesis of salidroside...
March 26, 2018: Metabolic Engineering
Peng Zhang, Wenjiong Li, Lu Wang, Hongju Liu, Jing Gong, Fei Wang, Xiaoping Chen
Aim: Salidroside is an active compound extracted from Rhodiola rosea which is used to alleviate fatigue and enhance endurance in high altitude regions. Some studies have demonstrated that salidroside can affect precursor cell differentiation in hematopoietic stem cells, erythrocytes, and osteoblasts. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of salidroside on myoblast differentiation and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms of this effect. Methods: C2C12 myoblast cells were treated with different concentrations of salidroside in differentiation media...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Qingyun Li, Jinhua Wang, Yuwang Li, Xiaolin Xu
Salidroside administration improves memory in different models of learning. However, its influence on models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has not been widely studied. In the present study, the therapeutic effect of salidroside was investigated in an animal model of AD. APPswe/PS1ΔE9 mouse (n=20) were randomly divided into either the AD model group or the salidroside + AD model group (n=10 in each group), and C57BL/6J mouse (n=20) of identical age and genetic background were randomly divided into either the normal control (NC) group or the salidroside + NC group (n=10 in each group)...
May 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hai Li, Chen Chen
The authors of this article [1] would like the funding and acknowledgements to be disregarded.
February 21, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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