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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791474/growth-differentiation-factor-15-levels-and-the-risk-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-retrospective-observation-study
#1
Ling Sun, Xuejun Zhou, Jianguang Jiang, Xuan Zang, Xin Chen, Haiyan Li, Haitao Cao, Qingjie Wang
AIMS: To investigate the association between growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 311 patients with AMI were studied retrospectively. All patients were divided into two groups according to the occurrence of CIN after PCI. Baseline clinical data were compared between two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for CIN...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782650/predicting-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease-using-carotid-ultrasound-parameters-a-nomogram-from-a-large-real-world-clinical-data
#2
Na Wu, Xinghua Chen, Mingyang Li, Xiaolong Qu, Yueli Li, Weijia Xie, Long Wu, Ying Xiang, Yafei Li, Li Zhong
BACKGROUND: Carotid ultrasound is a non-invasive tool for risk assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). There is no consensus on which carotid ultrasound parameter constitutes the best measurement of atherosclerosis. We investigated which model of carotid ultrasound parameters and clinical risk factors (CRF) have the highest predictive value for CAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 2431 consecutive patients who have suspected CAD and underwent coronary angiography and carotid ultrasound with measurements of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), total number of plaques and areas of different types of plaques classified by echogenicity...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779786/apache-ii-score-for-critically-ill-patients-with-a-solid-tumor-a-reclassification-study
#3
F D Martos-Benítez, I Cordero-Escobar, A Soto-García, I Betancourt-Plaza, I González-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To improve the accuracy of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II model for predicting hospital mortality in critically ill cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 522 patients admitted to ICU with a solid tumor. We developed the "APACHE II score for critically ill patients with a solid tumor" (APACHE IICCP score), in which typical variables of critically ill cancer patients were added to general APACHE II score...
May 17, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748513/a-case%C3%A2-control-study-of-socio-economic-and-nutritional-characteristics-as-determinants-of-dental-caries-in-different-age-groups-considered-as-public-health-problem-data-from-nhanes-2013%C3%A2-2014
#4
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Ma Del Carmen Gracia-Cortés, Arturo Moreno-Báez, Jose G Arceo-Olague, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
One of the principal conditions that affects oral health worldwide is dental caries, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This pathology has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused by a series of different demographic, dietary" among others. Based on this problem, in this research a demographic and dietary features analysis is performed for the classification of subjects according to their oral health status based on caries, according to the age group where the population belongs, using as feature selector a technique based on fast backward selection (FBS) approach for the development of three predictive models, one for each age range (group 1: 10⁻19; group 2: 20⁻59; group 3: 60 or more years old)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731758/interspecies-interactions-in-relation-to-root-distribution-across-the-rooting-profile-in-wheat-maize-intercropping-under-different-plant-densities
#5
Yifan Wang, Yazhou Qin, Qiang Chai, Fuxue Feng, Cai Zhao, Aizhong Yu
In wheat-maize intercropping systems, the maize is often disadvantageous over the wheat during the co-growth period. It is unknown whether the impaired growth of maize can be recovered through the enhancement of the belowground interspecies interactions. In this study, we (i) determined the mechanism of the belowground interaction in relation to root growth and distribution under different maize plant densities, and (ii) quantified the "recovery effect" of maize after wheat harvest. The three-year (2014-2016) field experiment was conducted at the Oasis Agriculture Research Station of Gansu Agricultural University, Wuwei, Northwest China...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728717/circulating-amino-acids-and-the-risk-of-macrovascular-microvascular-and-mortality-outcomes-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-advance-trial
#6
Paul Welsh, Naomi Rankin, Qiang Li, Patrick B Mark, Peter Würtz, Mika Ala-Korpela, Michel Marre, Neil Poulter, Pavel Hamet, John Chalmers, Mark Woodward, Naveed Sattar
AIMS/HYPOTHESES: We aimed to quantify the association of individual circulating amino acids with macrovascular disease, microvascular disease and all-cause mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We performed a case-cohort study (N = 3587), including 655 macrovascular events, 342 microvascular events (new or worsening nephropathy or retinopathy) and 632 all-cause mortality events during follow-up, in a secondary analysis of the Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified Release Controlled Evaluation (ADVANCE) study...
May 4, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722220/-the-impact-of-phylogenetic-uncertainty-on-the-metrics-of-community-phylogenetic-structure
#7
Jia Yao Cai, Yuan Yuan Ding, Xin Tong, Ren Ren Wang, Xiao Ling Gong, Xiao Yong Chen, Guo Chun Shen
Phylogeny has been widely used to quantify community phylogenetic structure and to infer the underlying mechanism. Many studies, however, neglected phylogeny uncertainty and its potential impact on community phylogenetic structure. In this study, we explored the potential impact of phylogenetic uncertainty among 150 species in a 20 hm2 plot in Tiantong, Zhejiang. One consensus tree and 999 phylogenetic trees representing the phylogenetic uncertainty were estimated based on two cpDNA fragments (rbcL and matK)...
March 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720115/biomarker-enhanced-risk-prediction-for-development-of-aki-after-cardiac-surgery
#8
Michael L Merchant, Michael E Brier, Mark S Slaughter, Jon B Klein, Kenneth R McLeish
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common post-cardiac surgery complication and influences patient morbidity and prognosis. This study was designed to identify preoperative candidate urine biomarkers in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of adults undergoing cardiac surgery at increased risk for AKI at a single hospital between July 2010 and September 2012 was performed. The primary outcome was the development of AKI, defined as an absolute serum creatinine (SCr) level increase ≥ 0...
May 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702527/comparative-impacts-of-scala-vestibuli-versus-scala-tympani-cochlear-implantation-on-auditory-performances-and-programming-parameters-in-partially-ossified-cochleae
#9
Mathieu Trudel, Mathieu Côté, Daniel Philippon, David Simonyan, Noémie Villemure-Poliquin, Richard Bussières
OBJECTIVE: To compare scala vestibuli versus scala tympani cochlear implantation in terms of postoperative auditory performances and programming parameters in patients with severe scala tympani ossification. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: One hundred three pediatric and adult patients who underwent cochlear implant surgery between 2000 and 2016. Three groups were formed: a scala vestibuli group, a scala tympani with ossification group, and a scala tympani without ossification group...
April 26, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701834/adjustment-of-the-grace-score-by-2-hour-post-load-glucose-improves-prediction-of-long-term-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-patients-without-known-diabetes
#10
Sudipta Chattopadhyay, Anish George, Joseph John, Thozhukat Sathyapalan
Aims: Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score (GRS), a powerful predictor of prognosis after acute coronary event (ACE), does not include a glucometabolic measure. We investigate whether 2 h post-load plasma glucose (2h-PG) could improve GRS based prognostic models in ACE patients without known diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods and results: A retrospective cohort study of 1056 ACE survivors without known DM who had fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2h-PG measured pre-discharge...
April 26, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692051/-biodiversity-of-subalpine-meadow-in-heyeping-of-luya-mountain-china
#11
Jia Ye Bai, Wei Hua Liu, Bing Qing Zhao, Qing Zhang, Dong Gang Guo
In this study, investigation on plant community was conducted in Heyeping subalpine meadow of Luya Mountain in Shanxi Province of China. The importance values of 36 herbaceous species, α diversity index, phylogenetic diversity index, as well as their correlations were investigated. The results showed that the species diversity of the subalpine meadow was uniformly distributed. Species richness was higher in marginal areas, indicating an 'edge effect'. The phylogenetic structure of four plots was convergent and that of 12 plots was dispersive...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685760/preoperative-nutritional-status-assessment-predicts-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-surgically-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Ricard Ramos, Ernest Nadal, Inma Peiró, Cristina Masuet-Aumatell, Ivan Macia, Francisco Rivas, Gabriela Rosado, Pau Rodriguez, Anna Ureña, Susana Padrones, Samantha Aso, Carlos Deniz, Arturo Navarro, Ignacio Escobar
BACKGROUND: As nutritional status plays an important role in outcomes after surgery, this study evaluated the association between preoperative nutritional status (NS) and postoperative outcomes after major resection for lung cancer. METHODS: We identified 219 patients with a diagnosis of cancer who underwent pulmonary resection from 2010 to 2012. Preoperative NS was assessed by anthropometric and biological parameters, body mass index (BMI), and the Nutritional Risk Index (NRI)...
April 11, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680338/a-comparison-of-the-updated-diamond-forrester-cad-consortium-and-confirm-history-based-risk-scores-for-predicting-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-stable-chest-pain-the-scot-heart-coronary-cta-cohort
#13
Lohendran Baskaran, Ibrahim Danad, Heidi Gransar, Bríain Ó Hartaigh, Joshua Schulman-Marcus, Fay Y Lin, Jessica M Peña, Amanda Hunter, David E Newby, Philip D Adamson, James K Min
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the performance of history-based risk scores in predicting obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with stable chest pain from the SCOT-HEART study. BACKGROUND: Risk scores for estimating pre-test probability of CAD are derived from referral-based populations with a high prevalence of disease. The generalizability of these scores to lower prevalence populations in the initial patient encounter for chest pain is uncertain...
April 13, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671040/preoperative-right-heart-hemodynamics-predict-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-after-heart-transplantation
#14
Goksel Guven, Milos Brankovic, Alina A Constantinescu, Jasper J Brugts, Dennis A Hesselink, Sakir Akin, Ard Struijs, Ozcan Birim, Can Ince, Olivier C Manintveld, Kadir Caliskan
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) frequently occurs after heart transplantation (HTx), but its relation to preoperative right heart hemodynamic (RHH) parameters remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to determine their predictive properties for postoperative AKI severity within 30 days after HTx. METHODS: From 1984 to 2016, all consecutive HTx recipients (n = 595) in our tertiary referral center were included and analyzed for the occurrence of postoperative AKI staged by the kidney disease improving global outcome criteria...
April 18, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656784/combined-contribution-of-reduced-functional-mobility-muscle-weakness-and-low-serum-albumin-in-prediction-of-all-cause-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Takahiro Shimoda, Ryota Matsuzawa, Kei Yoneki, Manae Harada, Takaaki Watanabe, Atsushi Yoshida, Yasuo Takeuchi, Atsuhiko Matsunaga
OBJECTIVES: The combined effects of reduced functional mobility, muscle weakness, and low serum albumin on mortality in hemodialysis patients have not been clarified. Here, we examined the associations of reduced functional mobility, muscle weakness, and low serum albumin-both alone and in combination-with all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 490 patients treated between July 2010 and October 2016 were enrolled retrospectively in this study...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655951/acef-score-adapted-to-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-the-acef-stemi-score
#16
Martin Reindl, Sebastian Johannes Reinstadler, Christina Tiller, Markus Kofler, Markus Theurl, Nora Klier, Katherina Fleischmann, Agnes Mayr, Benjamin Henninger, Gert Klug, Bernhard Metzler
BACKGROUND: The age, creatinine and ejection fraction (ACEF) score has originally been developed for risk stratification of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. In patients with stable coronary artery disease treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the prognostic accuracy of ACEF could be further improved by modifying the original scoring system (called "modified ACEF" or "ACEF-MDRD"). We aimed to specifically adapt the ACEF score for risk assessment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650558/low-dose-ct-for-the-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-elderly-patients-a-prospective-interventional-cohort-study
#17
Virginie Prendki, Max Scheffler, Benedikt Huttner, Nicolas Garin, François Herrmann, Jean-Paul Janssens, Christophe Marti, Sebastian Carballo, Xavier Roux, Christine Serratrice, Jacques Serratrice, Thomas Agoritsas, Christoph Becker, Laurent Kaiser, Sarah Rosset-Zufferey, Valérie Soulier, Arnaud Perrier, Jean-Luc Reny, Xavier Montet, Jérôme Stirnemann
The diagnosis of pneumonia is challenging. Our objective was to assess whether a low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) modified the probability of diagnosing pneumonia in elderly patients.We prospectively included patients aged over 65 years, with a suspicion of pneumonia treated with antimicrobial therapy. All patients had a chest radiograph and LDCT within 72 h of inclusion. The treating clinician assessed the probability of pneumonia before and after the LDCT by using a Likert scale. An adjudication committee retrospectively rated the probability of pneumonia and was considered as reference for diagnosis...
April 12, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620793/antidepressants-versus-placebo-for-panic-disorder-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
Irene Bighelli, Mariasole Castellazzi, Andrea Cipriani, Francesca Girlanda, Giuseppe Guaiana, Markus Koesters, Giulia Turrini, Toshi A Furukawa, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder is characterised by repeated, unexpected panic attacks, which represent a discrete period of fear or anxiety that has a rapid onset, reaches a peak within 10 minutes, and in which at least four of 13 characteristic symptoms are experienced, including racing heart, chest pain, sweating, shaking, dizziness, flushing, stomach churning, faintness and breathlessness. It is common in the general population with a lifetime prevalence of 1% to 4%. The treatment of panic disorder includes psychological and pharmacological interventions...
April 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616478/official-control-of-plant-protection-products-in-poland-detection-of-illegal-products
#19
Marek Miszczyk, Marlena Płonka, Tomasz Stobiecki, Dorota Kronenbach-Dylong, Kazimierz Waleczek, Roland Weber
Market presence of illegal and counterfeit pesticides is now a global problem. According to data published in 2012 by the European Crop Protection Association (ECPA), illegal products represent over 10% of the global market of plant protection products. Financial benefits are the main reason for the prevalence of this practice. Counterfeit and illegal pesticides may contain substances that may pose a threat to the environment, crops, animals, and humans, inconsistent with the label and registration dossier...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608256/aging-related-prognosis-analysis-of-definitive-radiotherapy-for-very-elderly-esophageal-cancer
#20
Yong-Chun Zhou, Li-Li Chen, Hong-Bo Xu, Qian Sun, Qi Zhang, Han-Fei Cai, Hao Jiang
Because of the exclusion for the patients more than 75 years (very elderly patients) in many clinical trials of esophageal cancer (EC), there is no consensus on prognosis and treatment for this population. We aim to evaluate the outcomes and aging-related prognostic factors of definitive radiotherapy (RT) for very elderly EC patients. We retrospectively analyzed 149 very elderly EC patients consecutively treated between January 2015 and June 2016 by definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with or without chemotherapy...
April 2, 2018: Cancer Medicine
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