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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922752/abnormal-glucose-metabolism-and-high-energy-expenditure-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#1
Gustavo A Heresi, Steven K Malin, Jarrod W Barnes, Liping Tian, John P Kirwan, Raed A Dweik
RATIONALE: Insulin resistance has emerged as a potential mechanism related to the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). However, direct measurements of insulin and glucose metabolism have not been performed in IPAH patients to date. OBJECTIVES: To perform comprehensive metabolic phenotyping on humans with IPAH. METHODS: We assessed plasma insulin and glucose using an oral glucose tolerance test and estimated insulin resistance and beta-cell function in 14 IPAH patients and 14 controls matched for age, sex, blood pressure, and body mass index (BMI),...
December 6, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913575/lowest-glucose-variability-and-hypoglycemia-are-observed-with-the-combination-of-a-glp-1-receptor-agonist-and-basal-insulin-variation-study
#2
Harpreet S Bajaj, Karri Venn, Chenglin Ye, Avril Patrick, Shivani Kalra, Hasnain Khandwala, Nadeem Aslam, David Twum-Barima, Ronnie Aronson
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of published literature comparing glucose variability (GV) between different insulin regimens in type 2 diabetes. This cohort study compares GV using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes using four common insulin regimens: basal insulin + oral drugs (BO), basal insulin + glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) (BGLP), premixed insulin (PM), and basal-bolus insulin (BB). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Consecutive patients from three endocrinology clinics who met study criteria-type 2 diabetes, age 18 to 80 years, BMI ≤ 45 kg/m(2), stable insulin regimen for a minimum of 6 months, and stable A1C value ≤7...
December 2, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908300/serum-complement-c3-strongly-correlates-with-whole-body-insulin-sensitivity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Francesco Ursini, Salvatore D'Angelo, Emilio Russo, Franco Arturi, Lucia D'Antona, Caterina Bruno, Saverio Naty, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by an excess of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk, attributable to a synergy between under-diagnosed traditional risk factors (i.e. insulin resistance) and inflammatory disease activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between inflammatory measures and insulin sensitivity in RA patients. METHODS: Forty non-diabetic RA patients (19 males) were recruited. All patients underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory evaluation and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
October 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894341/abdominal-obesity-gender-and-the-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-nested-case-control-study
#4
Lotta Ljung, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist
BACKGROUND: The risk of development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) could be affected by immune activation in obesity. Our objective was to evaluate the association between obesity in general, and abdominal obesity, and the risk for subsequent development of RA. METHODS: In two large population-based, prospective cohorts, 557 cases (mean age at RA symptom onset 58, SD 10 years, 68% women) who subsequently developed RA and 1671 matched controls were identified. From a health examination antedating symptom onset (median 5...
November 29, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801338/-the-correlations-of-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-joints-scan-and-bone-metabolic-markers-in-active-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
H Y Gao, X F Li, B N Zhang, M H Ding, D S Zhao
Objective: To explore the correlation between quantitative value of joint bone scan by single photon emission computed tomography(SPECT) and serum bone metabolic markers in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis(RA). Method: Clinical data of 60 newly diagnosed RA patients were retrospectively collected in Department of Rheumatology and Immunology from May 2013 to December 2014, including 28 cases with medical history less than 6 months and 32 from 6 months to 2 years. Serum C-terminal telopeptide of type Ⅰ collgen(CTX-Ⅰ)and N-terminal propeptide of type Ⅰ collagen(PINP)were tested by chemiluminesence...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792120/factors-that-predict-risk-of-cervical-instability-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#6
Myung-Hoon Han, Je Il Ryu, Choong Hyun Kim, Jae Min Kim, Jin Hwan Cheong, Koang Hum Bak, Hyoung Joon Chun, Hyeong-Joong Yi, Jae Bum Jun, Jae Woo Chung
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors affecting the atlantodental interval (ADI), the Ranawat value, and subaxial translation after rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis. In addition, factors predictive for Cervical spine instability (CSI) development after RA diagnosis were examined. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Development of CSI affects the prognosis and mortality of RA patients. Previous studies described that obesity is associated with reduced radiographic joint damage in RA patients...
October 25, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770823/body-mass-index-and-extent-of-mri-detected-inflammation-opposite-effects-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-versus-other-arthritides-and-asymptomatic-persons
#7
Lukas Mangnus, Wouter P Nieuwenhuis, Hanna W van Steenbergen, Tom W J Huizinga, Monique Reijnierse, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil
BACKGROUND: In the population a high body mass index (BMI) has been associated with slightly increased inflammatory markers. Within rheumatoid arthritis (RA), however, a high BMI has been associated with less radiographic progression; this phenomenon is unexplained. We hypothesized that the phenomenon is caused by an inverse relationship between BMI and inflammation in hand and foot joints with RA. To explore this hypothesis, local inflammation was measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in early arthritis patients presenting with RA or other arthritides and in asymptomatic volunteers...
October 22, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749232/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-association-with-disease-activity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-data-from-the-comedra-study
#8
Stella Cecchetti, Zuzana Tatar, Pilar Galan, Bruno Pereira, Céline Lambert, Gael Mouterde, Angela Sutton, Martin Soubrier, Maxime Dougados
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between vitamin D and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity remains controversial. RA is a cardiovascular risk factor. A low level of vitamin D may increase blood pressure (BP) and decrease HDL-cholesterol. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in RA patients compared to controls, and also to investigate the relationship between vitamin D and RA activity, and between vitamin D and cardiovascular risk factors...
September 30, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744324/the-effect-of-obesity-on-survival-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-who-receive-a-radial-artery
#9
Umberto Benedetto, Massimo Caputo, Mustafa Zakkar, Alan Davies, Ben Gibbison, Alan Bryan, Gianni D Angelini
OBJECTIVES: The radial artery (RA) is often used as a second arterial conduit in preference to the right internal thoracic artery in obese patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to minimise the risk of sternal wound complication. However, obesity has been found to promote RA vasoreactivity and early atherosclerotic degeneration, which may compromise graft patency when used in patients having CABG. Therefore, we investigated the effect of the RA as a second conduit compared with the saphenous vein (SV) on long-term survival in obese and non-obese patients undergoing first-time CABG...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744013/use-of-healthcare-resources-and-costs-associated-to-the-start-of-treatment-with-injectable-drugs-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Ruth Navarro-Artieda, Raúl Morano, Lucía Ruíz
OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to assess resource use and costs of starting treatment with insulin or injectable GLP-1 receptor analogues (GLP-1 RAs) in a Spanish population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Treatment adherence and persistence were also determined for both treatment groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, non-interventional, observational study was conducted. Patients aged ≥20 years who started treatment with insulin or GLP-1 RAs in the 2010-2012 period were recruited...
December 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736006/body-mass-index-and-response-to-abatacept-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Anais Gardette, Sébastien Ottaviani, Jérémie Sellam, Francis Berenbaum, Frédéric Lioté, Bruno Fautrel, Elisabeth Palazzo, Alain Meyer, Jean Sibilia, Philippe Dieudé
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that obesity could negatively affect the response to antitumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) agents in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, data are lacking on whether obesity affects the response to abatacept (ABA). We aimed to determine whether body mass index (BMI) affects the response to ABA in RA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter retrospective study, we included RA patients who received ABA. BMI was calculated at the initiation of treatment...
December 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638812/improvement-in-insulin-resistance-is-greater-when-infliximab-is-added-to-methotrexate-during-intensive-treatment-of-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-idea-study
#12
Lesley-Anne Bissell, Elizabeth M A Hensor, Lukasz Kozera, Sarah L Mackie, Agata N Burska, Jacqueline L Nam, Helen Keen, Edith Villeneuve, Helena Donica, Maya H Buch, Philip G Conaghan, Jacqueline Andrews, Paul Emery, Ann W Morgan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the change in established biomarkers of cardiovascular (CV) risk, namely, total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TC/HDL-C), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and insulin resistance (IR) in patients with early RA treated with two different treat-to-target strategies. METHODS: Fasting glucose, lipids, insulin and NT-proBNP were measured at baseline, weeks 26 and 78 in 79 DMARD-naïve RA patients, free of CV disease, as part of a double-blind randomized controlled trial of MTX with either infliximab (IFX) or methylprednisolone as induction therapy...
September 16, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632985/the-relationship-between-focal-and-generalized-bone-loss-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Allen P Anandarajah, Muhammad El-Taha, Cheng Peng
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between focal and systemic bone loss in patients with RA. METHODS: Bone loss is a hallmark finding in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and manifests as localized, periarticular and systemic bone loss. RA patients were selected from the Consortium of Rheumatology Researchers of North America (CORRONA) database. Multiple logistic regression models were constructed to assess the association between the presence or absence of erosions and T-scores at the lumbar spine (LS) and total hips and adjusted for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), medications and disease activity indices...
September 8, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613912/smoking-cessation-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-findings-from-the-first-randomized-cessation-trial-in-a-low-income-country-setting
#14
Ziyad Ben Taleb, Kenneth D Ward, Taghrid Asfar, Rana Jaber, Raed Bahelah, Wasim Maziak
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, quitting cigarette smoking is associated with weight gain, which can reduce motivation to abstain. Whether smoking cessation is associated with weight gain in a low-income country context has never been investigated. We aimed to determine the post-cessation changes in body mass index (BMI) and its predictors among smokers who received a smoking cessation intervention in a low-income country setting. METHODS: We performed post hoc analyses of data from 269 smokers who participated in a two-group, parallel-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial of combined nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and behavioral counseling in primary care clinics in Aleppo, Syria...
September 9, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608794/the-negative-bone-effects-of-the-disease-and-of-chronic-corticosteroid-treatment-in-premenopausal-women-affected-by-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
A Fassio, L Idolazzi, M A Jaber, C Dartizio, O Viapiana, M Rossini, D Gatti
Osteoporosis is a well-known extra-articular complication in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The chronic corticosteroid treatment, the functional impairment associated with RA and the disease itself appear to be the most relevant determinants. Most of the previous studies involved postmenopausal women, in whom the estrogenic deficiency might amplify the negative effect towards bone of both RA and corticosteroid therapy. We decided to evaluate bone health in a cohort of premenopausal RA patients. The study population includes 47 premenopausal women attending our outpatient clinic for RA and twice as many healthy age-matched control women selected from the hospital personnel...
September 9, 2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591827/end-stage-renal-disease-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Sunita Paudyal, Frances M Yang, Christopher Rice, Chen-Chun Chen, Michael Skelton, Monique Bethel, Shilpa Brown, Norris Stanley Nahman, Laura Carbone
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the causes of ESRD, and the treatment of RA in the setting of ESRD. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of RA (N = 3754) and non-RA (N = 326,776) patients in the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) during 2011 (N = 330,530). The epidemiology of ESRD in RA was determined and the etiology of ESRD in patients with and without RA was compared. The frequency of patients with RA with at least one filled prescription for prednisone/prednisolone, a DMARD, and/or a biologic in 2011 was determined...
August 2, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564223/secular-changes-in-clinical-features-at-presentation-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-increase-in-comorbidity-but-improved-inflammatory-states
#17
Elena Nikiphorou, Sam Norton, Lewis Carpenter, Josh Dixey, David Andrew Walsh, Patrick Kiely, Adam Young
OBJECTIVE: To examine secular trends in demographics, clinical manifestations, and comorbidity on first presentation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) prior to disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment. METHODS: A total of 2,701 patients were recruited over 25 years to 2 UK-based RA inception cohorts: the Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Study (9 centers; 1986-2001) and the Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Network (23 centers; 2002-2012). Trends in demographic and baseline clinical/laboratory and radiographic variables and comorbidities were estimated using mixed-effects models, including random effects for recruitment center...
August 26, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526991/sentinel-lymph-node-detection-rates-using-indocyanine-green-in-women-with-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#18
Anna L Beavis, Sergio Salazar-Marioni, Abdulrahman K Sinno, Rebecca L Stone, Amanda N Fader, Antonio Santillan-Gomez, Edward J Tanner
OBJECTIVE: Our study objective was to determine feasibility and mapping rates using indocyanine green (ICG) for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all women who underwent SLN mapping with ICG during primary surgical management of early-stage cervical cancer by robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy (RA-RH) or fertility-sparing surgery. Patients were treated at two high-volume centers from 10/2012 to 02/2016...
August 12, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516077/robotic-assisted-versus-pure-laparoscopic-surgery-of-the-adrenal-glands-a-case-control-study-comparing-surgical-techniques
#19
Luca Morelli, Dario Tartaglia, Jessica Bronzoni, Matteo Palmeri, Simone Guadagni, Gregorio Di Franco, Andrea Gennai, Matteo Bianchini, Luca Bastiani, Andrea Moglia, Vincenzo Ferrari, Enza Fommei, Andrea Pietrabissa, Giulio Di Candio, Franco Mosca
PURPOSE: The role of the da Vinci Robotic System (®) in adrenal gland surgery is not yet well defined. The goal of this study was to compare robotic-assisted surgery with pure laparoscopic surgery in a single center. METHODS: One hundred and 16 patients underwent minimally invasive adrenalectomies in our department between June 1994 and December 2014, 41 of whom were treated with a robotic-assisted approach (robotic adrenalectomy, RA). Patients who underwent RA were matched according to BMI, age, gender, and nodule dimensions, and compared with 41 patients who had undergone laparoscopic adrenalectomies (LA)...
August 12, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515300/factors-predicting-pain-and-early-discontinuation-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-inhibitors-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-british-society-for-rheumatology-biologics-register
#20
Daniel F McWilliams, David A Walsh
BACKGROUND: We examined pain levels in 2 cohorts assembled from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register (BSRBR), and investigated which factors predicted Bodily Pain scores and discontinuation of TNFα-inhibitors. METHOD: Data were retrieved from BSRBR-RA databases for up to 1 year after commencing TNFα-inhibitors (n = 11995) or being treated with non-biologic therapies (n = 3632). Bodily Pain scores were derived from the Short Form-36 (SF36) questionnaire and norm-transformed to allow comparison with UK population averages...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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