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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922322/-vectra-3d-imaging-for-quantitative-volumetric-analysis-of-the-upper-limb-a-feasibility-study-for-tracking-outcomes-of-lymphedema-treatment
#1
Mark J Landau, Jennifer S Kim, Daniel J Gould, Ketan M Patel
BACKGROUND: Secondary lymphedema of the upper limb is a common sequela following lymphadenectomy during oncologic surgery. The gold standard for evaluating treatment outcomes in upper limb lymphedema is limb volume measurement. However, current techniques lack sensitivity to localized changes. In this study, the Vectra 3D imaging system was utilized to accurately and precisely obtain volume measurements of the upper limb in patients with lymphedema. METHODS: A feasibility study was performed in 11 patients with lymphedema and 22 upper extremities; 24 arms were evaluated in total...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922302/resident-knowledge-surgical-skill-and-confidence-in-transobturator-vaginal-tape-placement-the-value-of-a-cadaver-laboratory
#2
Woojin Chong, Keith Downing, Ava Leegant, Erika Banks, Dmitry Fridman, Sherry Downie
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the effect of additional cadaver laboratory use in training obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents on transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) insertion. METHODS: Thirty-four OBGYN residents were randomized into 2 groups (group 1, control; group 2, intervention; 17 in each group). Before and after the interventions, written knowledge and confidence levels were assessed. Both groups received didactic lectures using a bony pelvis and an instructional video on TOT insertion; group 2 participated in a half day cadaver laboratory...
September 15, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920186/investigation-of-cis-trans-isomer-dependent-dermatotoxicokinetics-of-uv-filter-ethylhexyl-methoxycinnamate-through-stratum-corneum-in-vivo
#3
Anežka Sharma, Katarína Bányiová, Branislav Vrana, Ivan Justan, Pavel Čupr
2-Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate (EHMC) is one of the most used ultraviolet filters in personal care products. It undergoes cis/trans isomerization in sunlight, and there is limited toxicological understanding of the effects of the cis-isomer. It is known that two geometric isomers of one compound can have different physico-chemical properties and effects. However, there are no studies focusing on toxicokinetics of EHMC isomerization products to compare their potential difference in dermal exposure to cis-EHMC and trans-EHMC due to the difference in their dermatotoxicokinetics...
September 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919700/construction-and-test-results-of-coil-2-of-a-three-coil-800-mhz-rebco-insert-for-the-1-3-ghz-high-resolution-nmr-magnet
#4
Juan Bascuñán, Philip Michael, Seungyong Hahn, Thibault Lecrevisse, Yukikazu Iwasa
This paper focuses on the construction and test results of Coil 2 that is part of a trio of nested coils composing the REBCO 800 MHz insert. Upon its completion, the REBCO 800 MHz insert will be placed in the bore of a 500 MHz low temperature superconducting (LTS) NMR magnet (L500) to form the MIT 1.3 GHz high-resolution NMR magnet. Coil 2 is a stack of 32 double pancake (DP) coils wound with 6-mm wide REBCO tape using the no-insulation (NI) technique. Each pancake is wound on a stainless steel inner supporting ring to prevent the collapsing of its crossover due to the external pressure exerted by the winding pack...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity: a Publication of the IEEE Superconductivity Committee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918534/do-surgical-helmet-systems-affect-intraoperative-wound-contamination-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Otis C Shirley, Ali Bayan, Mark Zhu, James P Dalton, Siouxsie Wiles, Simon W Young
BACKGROUND: Deep infection following arthroplasty remains a devastating complication. Some registry data suggests that modern positive-pressure surgical helmet systems (SHS) are associated with a paradoxical increase in infection rates, and as such their role in arthroplasty remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SHS increase wound contamination in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and if this contamination can be reduced by placing tape around the gown/glove interface...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918410/-just-like-a-normal-pain-what-do-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-experience-when-having-a-myocardial-infarction-a-qualitative-study-recruited-from-uk-hospitals
#6
Nikita Berman, Melvyn Mark Jones, Daan A De Coster
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the symptoms people with diabetes experience when having a myocardial infarction (MI), their illness narrative and how they present their symptoms to the health service. SETTING: Three London (UK) hospitals (coronary care units and medical wards). PARTICIPANTS: Patients were recruited with diabetes mellitus (DM) (types 1 and 2) with a clinical presentation of MI (ST elevated MI (STEMI), non-ST elevated MI (NSTEMI), acute MI unspecified and cardiac arrest)...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917523/medium-term-effects-of-kinesio-taping-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Amanda Costa Araujo, Patrícia do Carmo Silva Parreira, Luiz Carlos Hespanhol Junior, Tatiane Mota da Silva, Maurício Antônio da Luz Junior, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
BACKGROUND: Kinesio taping is a commonly used intervention for patients with chronic low back pain. However, the medium term effects of kinesio taping in these patients are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of kinesio taping in patients with chronic low back pain after 6 months from randomization. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with a 6 months follow up. One hundred and forty eight participants were randomly assigned to the experimental (kinesio taping with skin convolutions) or control (kinesio taping without convolutions-Sham Taping) group...
December 23, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917324/targeted-anthelmintic-treatment-of-parasitic-gastroenteritis-in-first-grazing-season-dairy-calves-using-daily-live-weight-gain-as-an-indicator
#8
A Jackson, K A Ellis, J McGoldrick, N N Jonsson, M J Stear, A B Forbes
Control of parasitic gastroenteritis in cattle is typically based on group treatments with anthelmintics, complemented by grazing management, where feasible. However, the almost inevitable evolution of resistance in parasitic nematodes to anthelmintics over time necessitates a reappraisal of their use in order to reduce selection pressure. One such approach is targeted selective treatment (TST), in which only individual animals that will most benefit are treated, rather than whole groups of at-risk cattle. This study was designed to assess the feasibility of implementing TST on three commercial farms, two of which were organic...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914793/multi-aperture-shower-design-for-the-improvement-of-the-transverse-uniformity-of-mocvd-derived-gdybco-films
#9
Ruipeng Zhao, Qing Liu, Yudong Xia, Fei Zhang, Yuming Lu, Chuanbing Cai, Bowan Tao, Yanrong Li
A multi-aperture shower design is reported to improve the transverse uniformity of GdYBCO superconducting films on the template of sputtered-LaMnO₃/epitaxial-MgO/IBAD-MgO/solution deposition planarization (SDP)-Y₂O₃-buffered Hastelloy tapes. The GdYBCO films were prepared by the metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) process. The transverse uniformities of structure, morphology, thickness, and performance were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), step profiler, and the standard four-probe method using the criteria of 1 μV/cm, respectively...
September 15, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914436/chinese-and-indian-women-s-experience-with-alternative-medications-for-menopause-related-symptoms-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
Saw Ohn Mar, Fatehpal Singh Malhi, Syed Hamid Syed Rahim, Myint Myint Soe
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's rationalization for using alternative medications, their experience and view on safety of long-term use. METHODS: Two focus group discussions, involving 5 participants each for Chinese and Indian groups, were conducted separately. Participant's personal information was collected anonymously. The discussion covered 5 areas: determinants for taking medications; reason for choosing alternative medications rather than hormone replacement therapy (HRT); how these medications help them; their view on cost-effectiveness and concerns over long-term use...
September 15, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913392/data-on-scaling-up-and-in-vivo-human-study-of-progesterone-lipid-nanoparticles
#11
Elisabetta Esposito, Maddalena Sguizzato, Markus Drechsler, Paolo Mariani, Federica Carducci, Claudio Nastruzzi, Rita Cortesi
Progesterone containing nanoparticles constituted of tristearin or tristearin in association with caprylic-capric triglyceride were produced in a lab scale by ultrasound homogenization and in a pilot scale by high pressure homogenization. A study was conducted to select the pressure to be used in order to obtain homogenously sized nanoparticles. The Dialysis method was performed to mimic subcutaneous administration of lipid nanoparticles. Mathematical analyses of the results were conducted to understand and compare the drug release mechanisms...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913117/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-transobturator-tape-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-using-urodynamics-and-questionnaires
#12
Cihan Aygül, Ramazan Özyurt, Bulat Aytek Şık, Serkan Kumbasar
OBJECTIVE: To measure the efficiency of transobturator tape (TOT) surgery using urodynamics and questionnaires in stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-two patients with stress and mixed urinary incontinency who underwent TOT surgery were selected for the study. We retrospectively examined the patients' urodynamics, ultrasonography, demographic characteristics, incontinency surveys, life quality scores [incontinence impact questionnaire, (IQ-7) and urinary distress inventory (UDI-6)], diagnostic findings, Q-type test, surgical records, and complications...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911799/effects-of-glucocorticoids-on-stratum-corneum-lipids-and-function-in-human-skin-a-detailed-lipidomic-analysis
#13
Mads A Røpke, Cristina Alonso, Sora Jung, Hanne Norsgaard, Claudia Richter, Maxim E Darvin, Thomas Litman, Annika Vogt, Jürgen Lademann, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Topical glucocorticoids (GCs) are known to induce atrophy of human skin including thinning of epidermal and dermal compartments by influencing keratinocyte proliferation and synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins. GCs are also known to reduce skin barrier integrity but little is known about the changes in lipid composition in human skin following topical administration of GCs. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of GCs on stratum corneum (SC) function and lipid profile of human skin in vivo...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911332/-we-are-toothless-and-hanging-but-optimistic-sub-county-managers-experiences-of-rapid-devolution-in-coastal-kenya
#14
Mary M Nyikuri, Benjamin Tsofa, Philip Okoth, Edwine W Barasa, Sassy Molyneux
BACKGROUND: In March 2013, Kenya transitioned from a centralized to a devolved system of governance. Within the health sector, this entailed the transfer of service provision functions to 47 newly formed semi-autonomous counties, while policy and regulatory functions were retained at the national level. The devolution process was rapid rather than progressive. METHODS: We conducted qualitative research within one county to examine the early experiences of devolution in the health sector...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911278/measurement-of-sedentary-behaviors-or-downtime-in-rett-syndrome
#15
Michelle Stahlhut, Kylie Hill, Anne-Marie Bisgaard, Anne Kjersgaard Jensen, Michaela Andersen, Helen Leonard, Jenny Downs
This study aimed to validate measures of sedentary time in individuals with Rett syndrome. Twenty-six individuals (median [IQR] age 16.0 (9.4-20.6) years) wore an activPAL accelerometer during video-taped activities and agreement was determined between sedentary time determined by the activPAL and observation. For 11 individuals (median [IQR] age 14.5 (11.5-25.6) years), linear regression was used to determine the relationship between sedentary time recorded on the modified Bouchard activity record diary card and measured using the activPAL...
October 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906449/facile-preparation-of-a-robust-and-durable-superhydrophobic-coating-using-biodegradable-lignin-coated-cellulose-nanocrystal-particles
#16
Jingda Huang, Siqun Wang, Shaoyi Lyu
It is a challenge for a superhydrophobic coating to overcome the poor robustness and the rough surface structure that is usually built using inorganic particles that are difficult to degrade. In this study, a robust superhydrophobic coating is facilely prepared by using commercial biodegradable lignin-coated cellulose nanocrystal (L-CNC) particles after hydrophobic modification to build rough surface structures, and by choosing two different adhesives (double-sided tape and quick-setting epoxy) to support adhesion between the L-CNC particles and the substrates...
September 14, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906346/time-course-of-changes-in-corticospinal-excitability-after-short-term-forearm-hand-immobilization
#17
Tetsuya Karita, Akihiro Matsuura, Yoshihiro Kondo, Kohta Tomimura, Nao Nakada, Futoshi Mori
The short-term joint immobilization induces a decrease of corticospinal excitability; however, detailed time course of the immobilization-induced central nervous system changes and their extent have not yet been clarified. To evaluate the time course of changes in corticospinal excitability during forearm/hand immobilization for 24 h and investigate the effect on muscle strength, adhesive casting tape was used to immobilize the nondominant forearm/hand. The amplitude of the motor-evoked potential of the flexor pollicis brevis muscle induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation was measured during immobilization and after cast removal...
September 12, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905712/evaluation-of-traditional-and-contemporary-methods-for-detecting-syphacia-obvelata-and-aspiculuris-tetraptera-in-laboratory-mice
#18
Philip M Gerwin, Rodolfo J Ricart Arbona, Elyn R Riedel, Michelle L Lepherd, Ken S Henderson, Neil S Lipman
There is no consensus regarding the best practice for detecting murine pinworm infections. Initially, we evaluated 7 fecal concentration methods by using feces containing Aspiculuris tetraptera (AT) eggs (n = 20 samples per method). Sodium nitrate flotation, sodium nitrate centrifugation, Sheather sugar centrifugation, and zinc sulfate centrifugation detected eggs in 100% of samples; zinc sulfate flotation and water sedimentation detected eggs in 90%. All had better detection rates than Sheather sugar flotation (50%)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905096/comparison-of-suction-blistering-and-tape-stripping-for-analysis-of-epidermal-genes-proteins-and-lipids
#19
Marek Svoboda, Marta Hlobilová, Markéta Marešová, Michaela Sochorová, Andrej Kováčik, Kateřina Vávrová, Iva Dolečková
Analysis of epidermal genes, proteins and lipids is important in the research and diagnosis of skin diseases. Although punch biopsy is the first-choice technique for the skin sampling, it is unnecessarily invasive for obtaining a sample just for the epidermal analysis. Here we compare two less invasive methods, suction blistering (SB) and tape stripping (TS), for the analysis of selected epidermal genes (quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR, qRT-PCR), proteins (western blotting, WB), and lipids in ten healthy volunteers...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904932/a-comparative-study-on-the-results-of-estimating-children-s-weights-based-on-arm-circumference-height-and-body-habitus-against-estimated-weight-broselow-on-2-24-months-children-in-isfahan
#20
Mohammad Nasr-Esfahani, Sirous Nemati, Babak Masoumi, Azam Eshaghiandorche, Ali Akbar Jangjoo
BACKGROUND: Resuscitation of children in different treatment wards is a challenge. Given that the pediatric drug dosing is based on weight and weighing is not practical in emergency situations, it is critical to employ a fast, easy, and reliable technique. Hence, this study attempted to evaluate the real weight children against Broselow estimation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 1500 children of 2-24 months referred to Isfahan urban and rural health centers in 2015...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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