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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644447/new-nci-drug-formulary-cuts-red-tape
#1
Arlene Weintraub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641025/relationship-between-length-and-width-of-the-purple-line-and-foetal-head-descent-in-active-phase-of-labour
#2
Morvarid Irani, Masoumeh Kordi, Habibollah Esmaily
Purple line is one of the non-invasive methods to assess the progress of labour. This longitudinal observational study was performed on 350 women during the active phase of labour. We assessed the relationship between length and width of the purple line and foetal head descent. Women were examined in the lateral position and researcher recorded the presence or absence of the line before each vaginal examination. Where present length and width of the line was measured using a disposable tape measure. The purple line appeared in 75...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640722/stroke-ineffective-tube-securement-reduces-nutrition-and-drug-treatment
#3
Sophie Brazier, Stephen J Taylor, Kaylee Allan, Rowan Clemente, Deirdre Toher
Stroke patients with dysphagia often depend on nutrition, hydration and medication via nasogastric (NG) feeding tubes. Securing tubes using tape is associated with repeated tube loss. In this study, the authors determined cause and effect by auditing tube placement methods, delays incurred, duration and costs. Of 202 NG tube placements in 75 patients, 67 placements occurred in 17 patients over a full course of enteral nutrition (EN) and 40 of these placements were tracked. Tubes were secured by tape in 100%, mittens 31% and special observation 5...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638312/in-silico-signature-prediction-modeling-in-cytolethal-distending-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-strains
#4
Maryam Javadi, Mana Oloomi, Saeid Bouzari
In this study, cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) producer isolates genome were compared with genome of pathogenic and commensal Escherichia coli strains. Conserved genomic signatures among different types of CDT producer E. coli strains were assessed. It was shown that they could be used as biomarkers for research purposes and clinical diagnosis by polymerase chain reaction, or in vaccine development. cdt genes and several other genetic biomarkers were identified as signature sequences in CDT producer strains...
June 2017: Genomics & Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636892/topical-bioavailability-of-diclofenac-from-locally-acting-dermatological-formulations
#5
S F Cordery, A Pensado, W S Chiu, M Z Shehab, A L Bunge, M B Delgado-Charro, R H Guy
Assessment of the bioavailability of topically applied drugs designed to act within or beneath the skin is a challenging objective. A number of different, but potentially complementary, techniques are under evaluation. The objective of this work was to evaluate in vitro skin penetration and stratum corneum tape-stripping in vivo as tools with which to measure topical diclofenac bioavailability from three approved and commercialized products (two gels and one solution). Drug uptake into, and its subsequent clearance from, the stratum corneum of human volunteers was used to estimate the input rate of diclofenac into the viable skin layers...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636186/views-of-general-practice-staff-about-the-use-of-a-patient-oriented-treatment-decision-aid-in-shared-decision-making-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Anita Wildeboer, Esther du Pon, Jan Schuling, Flora M Haaijer-Ruskamp, Petra Denig
BACKGROUND: Decision aids can be used to support shared decision making (SDM). A patient-oriented treatment decision aid (DA) was developed for type 2 diabetes but its use by general practice staff appeared to be limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore views of practice staff towards SDM and the DA. DESIGN: A mixed-methods study within the Dutch PORTDA-diab trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Included were 17 practices with staff members who were responsible for routine diabetes care and had worked with the DA, and 209 of their patients...
June 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633990/cellular-gauge-symmetry-and-the-li-organization-principle-a-mathematical-addendum-quantifying-energetic-dynamics-in-physical-and-biological-systems-through-a-simple-geometric-tool-and-geodetic-curves
#7
REVIEW
Alexander Yurkin, Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Pedro C Marijuán
The present Addendum complements the accompanying paper "Cellular Gauge Symmetry and the Li Organization Principle"; it illustrates a recently-developed geometrical physical model able to assess electronic movements and energetic paths in atomic shells. The model describes a multi-level system of circular, wavy and zigzag paths which can be projected onto a horizontal tape. This model ushers in a visual interpretation of the distribution of atomic electrons' energy levels and the corresponding quantum numbers through rather simple tools, such as compasses, rulers and straightforward calculations...
June 17, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633656/children-s-physical-activity-during-a-segmented-school-week-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention
#8
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Movement integration (MI) into traditional classroom teaching is a promising opportunity for children to increase physical activity (PA). Education outside the classroom (EOtC) can be regarded as MI, and has increased children's PA in case studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EOtC on children's PA by segmenting weekly activity-related behavior into a range of day types and domains. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental design, 33 classes were recruited and participants' PA was objectively measured using accelerometers taped to the lower back...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631090/subclinical-cutaneous-inflammation-remained-after-permeability-barrier-disruption-enhances-uv-sensitivity-by-altering-er-stress-responses-and-topical-pseudoceramide-prevents-them
#9
Sang Eun Lee, Yutaka Takagi, Takahiro Nishizaka, Ji Hwoon Baek, Han Jo Kim, Seung Hun Lee
Stratum corneum forms the UV barrier. The effect of ultraviolet B (UVB) on normal skin was extensively studied; however, its effect on barrier perturbed skin remains undefined. Both barrier perturbation and UVB irradiation induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and unfolded protein response (UPR) in keratinocytes. Mild ER stress activates homeostatic UPR, while severe ER stress leads to abnormal UPR, promoting apoptosis and inflammation. Here, we investigated UV sensitivity and UVB-induced UPR in barrier-disrupted human skin and the effects of pseudoceramide-dominant emollient on UVB-induced skin responses...
June 19, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630786/ophthoselfie-detailed-self-imaging-of-cornea-and-anterior-segment-by-smartphone
#10
Abdullah Kaya
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ophthoselfie, a method by which everyone can take detailed self-images of the cornea and anterior segment with a smartphone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 90-diopter non-contact double aspheric lens was attached to posterior camera of the smartphone by clear tape. Images of one eye on the screen of the smartphone could be seen with the other eye in the mirror and images were taken. RESULTS: Accurate and detailed images of the cornea and anterior segment of the eye could be taken...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630675/how-geometric-frustration-shapes-twisted-fibres-inside-and-out-competing-morphologies-of-chiral-filament-assembly
#11
Douglas M Hall, Gregory M Grason
Chirality frustrates and shapes the assembly of flexible filaments in rope-like, twisted bundles and fibres by introducing gradients of both filament shape (i.e. curvature) and packing throughout the structure. Previous models of chiral filament bundle formation have shown that this frustration gives rise to several distinct morphological responses, including self-limiting bundle widths, anisotropic domain (tape-like) formation and topological defects in the lateral inter-filament order. In this paper, we employ a combination of continuum elasticity theory and discrete filament bundle simulations to explore how these distinct morphological responses compete in the broader phase diagram of chiral filament assembly...
August 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630217/effectiveness-of-conservative-interventions-including-exercise-manual-therapy-and-medical-management-in-adults-with-shoulder-impingement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#12
REVIEW
Ruedi Steuri, Martin Sattelmayer, Simone Elsig, Chloé Kolly, Amir Tal, Jan Taeymans, Roger Hilfiker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions for pain, function and range of motion in adults with shoulder impingement. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase and PEDro were searched from inception to January 2017. STUDY SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials including participants with shoulder impingement and evaluating at least one conservative intervention against sham or other treatments...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629332/an-exploratory-study-of-men-s-companionship-perceptions-and-experiences-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-in-uganda
#13
H Lwanga, L Atuyambe, H Sempewo, A Lumala, R N B Byaruhanga
BACKGROUND: Globally, low involvement of men in maternal health care services remains a problem to health care providers and policy makers. Men's support is essential for making women's world better. There are increasing debates among policymakers and researchers on the role of men in maternal health programs, which is a challenge in patriarchal societies like Uganda. The aim of the study was to assess companionship during delivery; men's perception and experiences during pregnancy and delivery...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629087/a-novel-candidate-for-wound-dressing-transparent-porous-maghemite-cellulose-nanocomposite-membranes-with-controlled-release-of-doxorubicin-from-a-simple-approach
#14
Hao Zhang, Xiaogang Luo, Hu Tang, Mingming Zheng, Fenghong Huang
The aim of this study is to develop transparent maghemite/cellulose nanocomposite membranes with high porosity, high adsorption capacity and controlled release of doxorubicin to be used as a candidate for wound dressing. The membranes were fabricated by a tape casting method through blending a homogeneous dispersion of citrate coated maghemite nanoparticles and cellulose in the NaOH/urea aqueous solution system. The prepared membranes were characterized by Light transmittance measurements, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray Diffractometry (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Tensile tests and Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM)...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626335/2-dimensional-analysis-of-low-limb-taping-methods-on-ambulation-for-stroke-patients
#15
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment on the type of taping applied before proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation treatment. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted on thirty patients diagnosed with stroke. The study subjects were divided into three groups: experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and control group 3. Experimental group 1 applied Kinesio taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique. Experimental group 2 applied McConnell taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique and control group applied only proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626319/short-term-effect-of-spiral-taping-on-the-pain-and-walking-performance-of-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#16
Chae-Gil Lim
[Purpose] This study was designed to investigate the effects of spiral taping (ST) on the pain and walking performance of individual with chronic ankle instability (CAI). [Subjects and Methods] 12 men and 13 women (mean: 21.52 years; range: 20-31 years) with unilateral CAI (Cumberland ankle instability score: ≤24) were included. All the participants received 3 mm-wide ST. The latter was applied in a 3 × 4 cross shape onto the medial malleolus, the lateral malleolus, and the anterior talotibial joint of the unstable ankle...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626316/immediate-effects-of-ankle-eversion-taping-on-dynamic-and-static-balance-of-chronic-stroke-patients-with-foot-drop
#17
Young Jun Shin, So Min Kim, Hyun Sung Kim
[Purpose] This study evaluates the immediate effect of ankle eversion taping on dynamic and static balance of chronic stroke patients with foot drop. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with nine subjects who were diagnosed with stroke. A cross-over randomized design was used. Each subject performed three interventions in a random order. Subjects were randomly assigned to an ankle everion taping, placebo taping, and no taping. For dynamic and static balance, ability was measured using BIO Rescue...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626302/the-immediate-effect-of-diaphragm-taping-with-breathing-exercise-on-muscle-tone-and-stiffness-of-respiratory-muscles-and-spo2-in-stroke-patient
#18
Joong-San Wang, Kyun-Hee Cho, Shin-Jun Park
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the immediate effects of diaphragm taping with breathing exercise on the tone and stiffness in the respiratory muscles of patient with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 28 subjects, 14 in the diaphragm taping with breathing exercise group and 14 in the breathing exercise group, were administered respective intervention methods. Subsequently, the muscle tone and stiffness in upper trapezius, scalene, external oblique abdominal and ractus abdominis muscle of both the respiratory muscles were measured...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625031/inadequate-dietary-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-intake-among-indonesian-pregnant-women-is-associated-with-lower-newborn-weights-in-urban-jakarta
#19
Dudung Angkasa, Victor Tambunan, Helda Khusun, Fiastuti Witjaksono, Rina Agustina
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acid intake during pregnancy has been confirmed to affect newborn birth outcomes in the developed world. However, the association between maternal omega-3 fatty acid intake and birth size is unknown in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of maternal omega-3 fatty acid intake with newborn birth size. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted, involving 282 pregnant women aged 19-40 years who had a gestational age of >32 weeks and received antenatal care at 10 health centres and one referral hospital in East Jakarta, Indonesia...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623944/the-effect-of-combining-manual-therapy-with-exercise-for-mild-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Roger M Engel, Jaxson Wearing, Peter Gonski, Subramanyam Vemulpad
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of disability and hospital admission. Current management strategies have not been successful in altering the loss of lung function typically seen as the disease progresses. A recent systematic review into the use of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in the management of COPD concluded that there was low level evidence to support the view that a combination of SMT and exercise had the potential to improve lung function more than exercise alone in people with moderate to severe COPD...
June 17, 2017: Trials
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