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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925139/association-of-grip-strength-upper-arm-circumference-and-waist-circumference-with-dementia-in-older-adults-of-the-wise-study-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
H L Ong, S H S Chang, E Abdin, J A Vaingankar, A Jeyagurunathan, S Shafie, H Magadi, S A Chong, M Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of handgrip strength, upper arm circumference, and waist circumference with dementia among Singapore older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional epidemiological study. SETTING: Residential homes, day care centres, nursing homes and institutions. PARTICIPANTS: 2,565 men and women aged 60 years and above who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study in 2013. MEASUREMENTS: Socio-demographic correlates, dietary habits, health behaviours, grip strength, upper arm circumference, and waist circumference were collected...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924913/thermal-alternating-polymer-nanocomposite-tapnc-coating-designed-to-prevent-aerodynamic-insect-fouling
#2
Ilker S Bayer, K Ghokulla Krishnan, Robert Robison, Eric Loth, Douglas H Berry, Thomas E Farrell, Jeffrey D Crouch
Insect residue adhesion to moving surfaces such as turbine blades and aircraft not only causes surface contamination problems but also increases drag on these surfaces. Insect fouling during takeoff, climb and landing can result in increased drag and fuel consumption for aircraft with laminar-flow surfaces. Hence, certain topographical and chemical features of non-wettable surfaces need to be designed properly for preventing insect residue accumulation on surfaces. In this work, we developed a superhydrophobic coating that is able to maintain negligible levels of insect residue after 100 high speed (50 m/s) insect impact events produced in a wind tunnel...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923887/reflective-tape-applied-to-bicycle-frame-and-conspicuity-enhancement-at-night
#3
Marco Costa, Leonardo Bonetti, Manuela Bellelli, Claudio Lantieri, Valeria Vignali, Andrea Simone
OBJECTIVE: Four studies were conducted to assess bicyclist conspicuity enhancement at night by the application of reflective tape (ECE/ONU 104) to the bicycle rear frame and to pedal cranks. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have tested the benefits of reflective markings applied to bicyclist clothing. Reflective jackets however need to be available and worn while reflective markings enhance conspicuity without any active behavior by the bicyclist. METHOD: In the first study, reflective tape was applied to the rear frame...
December 6, 2016: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921162/multicentre-randomized-trial-of-the-ajust%C3%A2-single-incision-sling-compared-to-the-align%C3%A2-transobturator-tape-sling
#4
Jordi Sabadell, Marta Palau-Gené, Eva Huguet, Anabel Montero-Armengol, Sabina Salicrú, Jose L Poza
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Tension-free suburethral tapes have become the first-line surgical treatment for female stress urinary incontinence. Single-incision midurethral slings (SIMS) were introduced with the aim of offering similar efficacy with reduced morbidity, particularly postoperative pain. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness and complications of the Ajust™ SIMS and the Align™ transobturator tape sling. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial with a noninferiority design...
December 5, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920912/synthesis-and-crystal-structure-of-calcium-dizinc-iron-iii-tris-orthophosphate-cazn2fe-po4-3
#5
Jamal Khmiyas, Abderrazzak Assani, Mohamed Saadi, Lahcen El Ammari
Single crystals of the title compound, CaZn2Fe(PO4)3, were synthesized by conventional solid-state reaction. In the asymmetric unit, all atoms are located in fully occupied general positions of the P21/c space group. The zinc atoms are located on two crystallographically independent sites with tetra-hedral and distorted triangular-based bipyramidal geometries. Two edge-sharing triangular bipyramidal ZnO5 units form a dimer, which is linked to slightly deformed FeO6 octa-hedra via a common edge. The resulting chains are inter-connected through PO4 tetra-hedra to form a layer perpendicular to the b axis...
September 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918157/necrotic-fasciitis-of-the-lateral-muscle-group-of-the-thigh-following-outside-in-transobturatory-tape-procedure
#6
O Dvořák, D Leško, J Kestřánek
OBJECTIVE: Sling procedures are the preferred surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to their high success rate and low risk of complications. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty of Charles University and Faculty Hospital Hradec Kralove. CASE REPORT: Necrotic fasciitis is a rare infectious complication, the mortality of which varies by age and can reach 73% if untreated...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917509/effect-of-solvents-on-apically-extruded-debris-and-irrigant-during-root-canal-retreatment-using-reciprocating-instruments
#7
C Keskin, E Sariyilmaz, O Sariyilmaz
AIM: To evaluate the effect of several solvents on the weight of apically extruded debris and irrigant during retreatment using a novel agar gel model. METHODS: Orange oil, turpentine oil and chloroform were used as solvents. Eighty single straight rooted extracted human mandibular premolar teeth with a single root canal were divided into four groups (n=20). All specimens were root canal filled and weighed prior to their insertion I a prepared 1.5% agar gel model...
December 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917258/modeling-the-qbo-improvements-resulting-from-higher-model-vertical-resolution
#8
Marvin A Geller, Tiehan Zhou, D Shindell, R Ruedy, I Aleinov, L Nazarenko, N L Tausnev, M Kelley, S Sun, Y Cheng, R D Field, G Faluvegi
Using the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) climate model, it is shown that with proper choice of the gravity wave momentum flux entering the stratosphere and relatively fine vertical layering of at least 500 m in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere (UTLS), a realistic stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) is modeled with the proper period, amplitude, and structure down to tropopause levels. It is furthermore shown that the specified gravity wave momentum flux controls the QBO period whereas the width of the gravity wave momentum flux phase speed spectrum controls the QBO amplitude...
September 2016: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916461/glaucoma-patient-provider-communication-about-vision-quality-of-life
#9
Betsy Sleath, Robyn Sayner, Michelle Vitko, Delesha M Carpenter, Susan J Blalock, Kelly W Muir, Annette L Giangiacomo, Mary Elizabeth Hartnett, Alan L Robin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to: (a) describe the extent to which ophthalmologists and glaucoma patients discuss vision quality-of-life during office visits, and (b) examine the association between patient and ophthalmologist characteristics and provider-patient communication about vision quality-of-life. METHODS: Patients with glaucoma who were newly prescribed or on glaucoma medications were recruited at six ophthalmology clinics. Patients' visits were video-tape recorded and quality-of-life communication variables were coded...
November 22, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916354/accurate-assessment-of-bowel-length-the-method-of-measurement-matters
#10
Eleanor D Muise, John J Tackett, Kevin A Callender, Neeru Gandotra, Michaela C Bamdad, Robert A Cowles
PURPOSE: Small intestinal length has prognostic significance for patients with short bowel syndrome, and accurate measurement of Roux-en-Y limbs is considered important. The flexible elasticity of bowel makes its measurement highly subjective, yet a recommended method for intestinal measurement allowing accurate comparisons between surgeons remains undefined. Measurement of intestinal length has been described, but no comparison of the fidelity of measurement technique has been made. We hypothesized that silk suture and umbilical tape would yield the most consistent measurements...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916214/assessment-of-abdominal-fat-using-high-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-anthropometric-and-biochemical-parameters
#11
Ali Al-Radaideh, Reema Tayyem, Kholoud Al-Fayomi, Nisreen Nimer, Amer Malkawi, Rana Al-Zu Bi, Lana Agraib, Imad Athamneh, Nawal Hijjawi
BACKGROUND: To measure the abdominal subcutaneous fat (SF) and visceral fat (VF) volumes using high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to investigate their association with selected anthropometric and biochemical parameters among obese and nonobese apparently healthy participants. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by recruiting 167 healthy participants. Abdominal scans were acquired at 3T MRI, and the SF and VF were segmented and their volumes were calculated...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915190/gunshot-residue-and-brakepads-compositional-and-morphological-considerations-for-forensic-casework
#12
William Tucker, Nick Lucas, Kelsey E Seyfang, K Paul Kirkbride, Rachel S Popelka-Filcoff
Previous research has raised the possibility that automotive brake pads can produce particles that are both compositionally and morphologically similar to gunshot residue (GSR). These studies, published in the early 2000s, coincided with the reduction or removal of unnecessary sources of lead from the automotive industry. The question therefore arises whether modern brake pads might still be a relevant source of 'GSR-like' particles. In the present study, a total of 75 brake pads taken from a range of cars currently on the road in Adelaide, South Australia, were collected from service centres...
November 23, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914472/the-response-to-receiving-phenotypic-and-genetic-coronary-heart-disease-risk-scores-and-lifestyle-advice-a-qualitative-study
#13
Guy Shefer, Barbora Silarova, Juliet Usher-Smith, Simon Griffin
BACKGROUND: Individuals routinely receive information about their risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) based on traditional risk factors as part of their primary care. We are also able to calculate individual's risk of CHD based on their genetic information and at present genetic testing for common diseases is available to the public. Due to the limitations in previous studies further understanding is needed about the impact of the risk information on individual's well-being and health-behaviour...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910603/investigation-on-quench-initiation-and-propagation-characteristics-of-gdbco-coil-co-wound-with-a-stainless-steel-tape-as-turn-to-turn-metallic-insulation
#14
Y G Kim, J B Song, Y H Choi, D G Yang, S G Kim, H G Lee
This paper investigates the quench initiation and propagation characteristics of a metallic insulation (MI) coil by conducting thermal quench tests for a GdBCO single-pancake coil co-wound with a stainless steel tape as the turn-to-turn MI. The test results confirmed that the MI coil exhibited superior thermal and electrical stabilities compared to the conventional coils co-wound with organic insulation material because the operating current could flow along the radial direction due to the existence of a turn-to-turn contact when a local hot spot was generated...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910460/low-magnetic-johnson-noise-electric-field-plates-for-precision-measurement
#15
I M Rabey, J A Devlin, E A Hinds, B E Sauer
We describe a parallel pair of high voltage electric field plates designed and constructed to minimise magnetic Johnson noise. They are formed by laminating glass substrates with a commercially available polyimide (Kapton) tape, covered with a thin gold film. Tested in vacuum, the outgassing rate is less than 5 × 10(-5) mbar l/s. The plates have been operated at electric fields up to 8.3 kV/cm, when the leakage current is at most a few hundred pA. The design is discussed in the context of a molecular spin precession experiment to measure the permanent electric dipole moment of the electron...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900181/modified-balance-error-scoring-system-m-bess-test-scores-in-athletes-wearing-protective-equipment-and-cleats
#16
Aftab Mohammad Azad, Saad Al Juma, Junaid Ahmad Bhatti, J Scott Delaney
BACKGROUND: Balance testing is an important part of the initial concussion assessment. There is no research on the differences in Modified Balance Error Scoring System (M-BESS) scores when tested in real world as compared to control conditions. OBJECTIVE: To assess the difference in M-BESS scores in athletes wearing their protective equipment and cleats on different surfaces as compared to control conditions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined university North American football and soccer athletes...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897018/-ultrasound-comparison-of-adjustable-single-incision-ajust-and-transobturator-tapes-to-assess-post-operative-fixation-and-function-and-clinical-efficacy
#17
F Farhat, K Švabík, P Hubka, A Martan, J Mašata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare fixation and mobility of adjustable single-incision (Ajust) and standard transobturator midurethral sling (TVT-O) tapes based on postoperative ultrasound monitoring of the position of the tape at rest and at maximal Valsava (tape descent). The hypothesis was that fixation of SIMS Ajust is comparable to that achieved by the standard transobturator midurethral sling. SETTING: Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, GUH and 1st Charles University Prague; Gynecology and Obstetrics Department Masarykova nemocnice Ústí nad Labem...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894283/small-lung-lesions-invisible-under-fluoroscopy-are-located-accurately-by-three-dimensional-localization-technique-on-chest-wall-surface-and-performed-bronchoscopy-procedures-to-increase-diagnostic-yields
#18
Chaosheng Deng, Xiaoming Cao, Dawen Wu, Haibo Ding, Ruixiong You, Qunlin Chen, Linying Chen, Xin Zhang, Qiaoxian Zhang, Yongquan Wu
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, small peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) are frequently detected and the prognosis of lung cancer depends on the early diagnosis. Because of the high fee and requiring specialized training, many advanced techniques are not available in many developing countries and rural districts. METHODS: Three sets of opaque soft copper wires visible under the fluoroscopy (Flu) in the Flu-flexible bronchoscopy (FB) group (n = 24), which determined the three planes of the lesion, were respectively placed firmly on the surface of the chest wall with adhesive tape on the chest wall...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894032/clinical-outcomes-in-women-undergoing-laparoscopic-hysteropexy-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
R Nair, K I Nikolopoulos, L S Claydon
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the current evidence on the anatomic and functional outcomes in women undergoing laparoscopic hysteropexy. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic database search was undertaken (2000-2016). Keywords were: "laparoscopy", "hysteropexy", "cervicopexy", "uterine suspension", "uterosacral plication". References of identified studies as well as abstracts from conferences were considered. We restricted the search to humans, female patients and currently used surgical procedures...
November 20, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891724/establishing-a-canine-superficial-pyoderma-model
#20
Wolfgang Baeumer, Petra Bizikova, Megan Jacob, Keith E Linder
AIMS: Pyoderma, predominantly associated with Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, is a common skin infection of dogs that typically requires long lasting treatments, complicated by increasing antimicrobial resistance. To investigate new treatment strategies, we aimed at establishing a dog model of pyoderma that closely mimics the natural disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We inoculated six laboratory beagles with a methicillin-susceptible strain of S. pseudintermedius. One mL of e10(7) , 10(8) , 10(9) CFU ml(-1) was topically applied onto clipped and tape stripped area of dog skin, which was then treated with a dermaroller (microneedle size: 500 μm) immediately after administration...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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