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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732152/secukinumab-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
M Abrouk, J Gandy, M Nakamura, K Lee, M Brodsky, R Singh, H Zhu, B Farahnik, T Bhutani, J Koo
While there are several commercially available treatment options for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, there remains a large number of individuals who are refractory to current modalities. In the recent past, there has been increasing evidence that interleukin (IL)-17 plays a vital role in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. Preclinical, phase II, and phase III studies of secukinumab (Cosentyx®) targeting IL-17 and its receptor have thus far proved to be promising. We reviewed the results of phase II and phase III clinical trials for secukinumab in the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis...
July 2017: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731923/human-bocavirus-can-it-trigger-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#2
Sevgen Tanir Basaranoglu, Kubra Aykac, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Inci Bajin, Betul Tavil, Fatma Gumruk, Mehmet Ceyhan
With improvements in molecular diagnostic methods, report of Human bocavirus (HBoV) as an etiologic agent in many studies on viral respiratory and gastrointestinal infections has been increasing. Two pediatric patients who presented with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis were examined for etiologic causes, including viruses. Whole bacterial and fungal cultures and viral serological studies were negative. Viral polymerase chain reaction of nasopharyngeal secretions showed HBoV. One was successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulins, whereas the other died with multiorgan failure...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731511/hypothermia-at-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-admission-was-not-associated-with-respiratory-disease-or-death-in-very-preterm-infants
#3
C F Jensen, F Ebbesen, J P Petersen, A Sellmer, C C Bach, T B Henriksen
AIM: This study investigated the association between hypothermia and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death in very preterm infants admitted to a Danish neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: We studied 675 infants born at Aalborg University Hospital before 32 weeks and admitted to the NICU from April 1997 to December 2011. Hypothermia was defined as a core temperature of less than 36.5°C on admission. The primary outcome was severe RDS or death within the first three days of life and the secondary outcome was BPD or death before 36 postmenstrual weeks...
July 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731410/infectious-and-noninfectious-pulmonary-complications-in-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-disorders
#4
REVIEW
R Yazdani, H Abolhassani, M Asgardoon, M Shaghaghi, M Modaresi, G Azizi, A Aghamohammadi
Primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) are caused by 1 or more defects of the immune system. Patients are more likely to experience recurrent and/or severe infections and tend to develop a wide range of complications. Respiratory diseases are the main and initial manifestation in most cases and the most common complication. Pulmonary complications cause significant morbidity and mortality in patients with PIDs. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can prevent or at least slow the development of respiratory complications...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731388/electronic-visits-for-minor-acute-illnesses-analysis-of-patient-demographics-prescription-rates-and-follow-up-care-within-an-asynchronous-text-based-online-visit
#5
Kristine S Penza, Martha A Murray, Jennifer L Pecina, Jane F Myers, Joseph W Furst
INTRODUCTION: Patients can obtain medical advice and treatment from a healthcare provider asynchronously through an electronic visit (eVisit) within a secure online portal. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective record review of Mayo Clinic Rochester primary care empaneled patients who had an eVisit for a minor acute illness and were reviewed for 30-day outcomes of follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 1,009 eVisits analyzed, a total of 340 (34%) had follow-up within 30 days, with a follow-up rate of 154 (20%) when those who were advised to follow-up were excluded...
July 20, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731281/glycaemic-control-and-the-risk-of-hospitalisation-for-infection-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-hong-kong-diabetes-registry
#6
Andrea O Y Luk, Eric S H Lau, Kitty K T Cheung, Alice P Kong, Ronald C W Ma, Risa Ozaki, Francis C C Chow, Wing-Yee So, Juliana C N Chan
BACKGROUND: Infection occurs more commonly in diabetic compared to general population and is an under-recognised but important morbidity in patients with diabetes. We examined the impact of glycaemic control on hospitalisation for infection in a large prospective cohort of Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Between July 1994 and June 2014, 22,846 patients with type 2 diabetes underwent detailed assessment of metabolic control and diabetes complications...
July 21, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731127/pidotimod-exacerbates-allergic-pulmonary-infection-in-an-ova-mouse-model-of-asthma
#7
Luo-Qin Fu, Ya-Li Li, Ai-Kun Fu, Yan-Ping Wu, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Sheng-Lan Hu, Wei-Fen Li
Pidotimod is a synthetic dipeptide with biological and immuno‑modulatory properties. It has been widely used for treatment and prevention of recurrent respiratory infections. However, its impact on the regulation of allergic pulmonary inflammation is still not clear. In the current study, an ovalbumin (OVA)‑induced allergic asthma model was used to investigate the immune‑modulating effects of pidotimod on airway eosinophilia, mucus metaplasia and inflammatory factor expression compared with dexamethasone (positive control)...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730407/venous-thromboembolism-thrombosis-inflammation-and-immunothrombosis-for-clinicians
#8
REVIEW
Eduardo Vazquez-Garza, Carlos Jerjes-Sanchez, Aline Navarrete, Jorge Joya-Harrison, David Rodriguez
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a worldwide disease related with mortality, cardiovascular disability, impaired quality of life and, cause major long-term complications. Clinicians related to the acute and long-term patients care must be involved in the molecular mechanisms of thrombosis. The vessel wall and its inner lining of the endothelium are critical to the maintenance of a patent vasculature. After endothelial disruption, collagen (first line of endothelial defense) and intravascular tissue factor (second line of endothelial defense) are exposed to blood flow, starting the formation of a thrombus...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730222/tuberculosis-and-its-particularities-in-romania-and-worldwide
#9
Floarea Mimi NiŢu, Mihai Olteanu, Costin Teodor Streba, Gabriela Jimborean, Paraschiva Postolache, Milena Adina Man, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Roxana Maria Nemeş, Livia Dragonu, Mădălina Olteanu
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health issue, with a rising incidence since the beginning of this century. It poses a severe mortality risk and also poses a serious economic risk as it reduces the working capacity of an individual in the most productive part of life. Developing countries face widespread tuberculosis infection - up to 95% of all cases and 98% of deaths, respectively. It is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the Koch bacillus) that can be contracted from either humans or animal hosts...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730137/pediatric-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-presenting-with-acute-cholestatic-hepatitis-and-other-extrapulmonary-manifestations-in-the-absence-of-pneumonia
#10
Won Jae Song, Ben Kang, Hwa Pyung Lee, Joongbum Cho, Hae Jeong Lee, Yon Ho Choe
Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections mainly involve respiratory tract; however, also can manifestate other symptoms by site involved. Extrapulmonary manifestations of M. pneumoniae infection are rarely known to occur without pneumonia. Herein we report a case of a 9-year-old boy who presented with acute cholestatic hepatitis in the absence of pneumonia. Rhabdomyolysis, skin rash, and initial laboratory results suspicious of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy were also observed in this patient. M. pneumoniae infection was identified by a 4-fold increase in immunoglobulin G antibodies to M...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729852/towards-better-understanding-of-the-pathogenesis-of-neuronal-respiratory-network-in-sudden-perinatal-death
#11
REVIEW
Riffat Mehboob, Mahvish Kabir, Naseer Ahmed, Fridoon Jawad Ahmad
Sudden perinatal death that includes the victims of sudden infant death syndrome, sudden intrauterine death syndrome, and stillbirth are heartbreaking events in the life of parents. Most of the studies about sudden perinatal death were reported from Italy, highlighting two main etiological factors: prone sleeping position and smoking. Other probable contributory factors are prematurity, male gender, lack of breastfeeding, respiratory tract infections, use of pacifiers, infant botulism, extensive use of pesticides and insecticides, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729347/lethal-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-induces-ataxic-breathing-in-mice-with-apoptosis-of-pre-botzinger-complex-neurons-expressing-neurokinin-1-receptor
#12
Jianguo Zhuang, Na Zang, Chunyan Ye, Fadi Xu
BACKGROUND: Lethal influenza A (H5N1) induces respiratory failure in humans. Although it also causes death at 7 day postinfection (dpi) in mice, the development of the respiratory failure and the viral impact on pre-Botzinger complex (PBC) neurons expressing neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R), the respiratory rhythm-generator, have not been explored. METHODS: Body temperature, weight, ventilation, arterial blood pH and gases were measured at 0, 2, 4, and 6 dpi in control, lethal HK483 and non-lethal HK486 viral infected mice...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729154/tremelimumab-as-second-line-or-third-line-treatment-in-relapsed-malignant-mesothelioma-determine-a-multicentre-international-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2b-trial
#13
Michele Maio, Arnaud Scherpereel, Luana Calabrò, Joachim Aerts, Susana Cedres Perez, Alessandra Bearz, Kristiaan Nackaerts, Dean A Fennell, Dariusz Kowalski, Anne S Tsao, Paul Taylor, Federica Grosso, Scott J Antonia, Anna K Nowak, Maria Taboada, Martina Puglisi, Paul K Stockman, Hedy L Kindler
BACKGROUND: New therapeutic strategies for malignant mesothelioma are urgently needed. In the DETERMINE study, we investigated the effects of the cytotoxic-T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) monoclonal antibody tremelimumab in patients with previously treated advanced malignant mesothelioma. METHODS: DETERMINE was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2b trial done at 105 study centres across 19 countries in patients with unresectable pleural or peritoneal malignant mesothelioma who had progressed after one or two previous systemic treatments for advanced disease...
July 17, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729052/tedizolid-inhibits-muc5ac-production-induced-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells
#14
Kazuaki Takeda, Norihito Kaku, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Kosuke Kosai, Naoki Uno, Yoshifumi Imamura, Hiroo Hasegawa, Taiga Miyazaki, Koichi Izumikawa, Hiroshi Mukae, Katsunori Yanagihara
The innate immune system plays an important role in early immunity against respiratory tract infection. Although airway epithelial cells produce mucus to eliminate pathogens and irritants, hypersecretion of mucus is harmful for the host as it may cause airway obstruction and inhibit influx of antimicrobial agents. It has been reported that several antimicrobial agents have an immunomodulatory effect in vitro and in vivo, but little is known about whether tedizolid, a novel oxazolidinone, can modulate immune responses...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728980/the-role-of-hexon-protein-as-a-molecular-mold-in-patterning-the-protein-ix-organization-in-human-adenoviruses
#15
Vijay S Reddy
Adenoviruses are respiratory, ocular and enteric pathogens that form complex capsids, which are assembled from seven different structural proteins and composed of several core proteins that closely interact with the packaged dsDNA genome. The recent near-atomic resolution structures revealed that the interlacing continuous hexagonal network formed by the protein IX (IX) molecules is conserved among different human adenoviruses (HAdVs), but not in non-human adenoviruses (non-HAdVs). In this report we propose a distinct role for the hexon protein as a "molecular mold" in enabling the formation of such hexagonal IX-network that has been shown to preserve the stability, infectivity of HAdVs...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728926/diagnostic-delays-in-537-symptomatic-cases-of-mers-cov-infection-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Anwar E Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Although the literature indicates the potential outcomes of a patient's delay in seeking medical support is associated with poor clinical outcomes, delays in the diagnosis itself remain poorly understood in patients with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). This study aims to estimate the median time interval of confirmed diagnosis after symptom onset and identify its potential predictors in Saudi Arabian MERS patients. METHODS: A retrospective study involved patients confirmed with MERS who were publicly reported by the World Health Organization (WHO)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728745/early-readmissions-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Chun Shing Kwok, Chun Wai Wong, Hannah Shufflebotham, Luke Brindley, Tamseel Fatima, Adrian Shufflebotham, Diane Barker, Ashish Pawala, Grant Heatlie, Mamas A Mamas
This study aims to evaluate the rate, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions in a single tertiary hospital in the United Kingdom. We conducted a retrospective study of all patients admitted between 2012 and 2014 with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, who were in the Myocardial Infarction National Audit Project register. Data on patient demographics, comorbidities, care received, and in-hospital mortality were collected. Rates of 30-day readmission and causes of readmission were evaluated. Univariate and multiple logistic regressions were used to identify predictors of all-cause, cardiac, and noncardiac readmission...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728589/occurrence-of-strongyloidiasis-in-privately-owned-and-sheltered-dogs-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcome
#18
Paola Paradies, Fabrizio Iarussi, Mariateresa Sasanelli, Antonio Capogna, Riccardo Paolo Lia, Daniele Zucca, Beatrice Greco, Cinzia Cantacessi, Domenico Otranto
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of reports of human infections by Strongyloides stercoralis from a range of European countries over the last 20 years has spurred the interest of the scientific community towards this parasite and, in particular, towards the role that infections of canine hosts may play in the epidemiology of human disease. Data on the epidemiology of canine strongyloidiasis is currently limited, most likely because of the inherent limitations of current diagnostic methods...
July 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728317/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-associated-hepatitis-without-lung-involvement
#19
Han Taek Jeong, Jae Young Oh, Jung Eun Song, Byung Seok Kim, Chang Hyeong Lee
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is a major cause of community acquired respiratory infections. And it also causes a number of extrapulmonary manifestations including cardiovascular, dermatological, musculoskeletal, and hematological systems. But, acute hepatitis without lung involvement is rare in adults. Here, we report a case of 32-year-old man who presented with fever, chilling, myalgia, and headache. Biochemical analysis showed severely impaired liver function and leukopenia. Laboratory tests and liver biopsy demonstrated a hepatocellular pattern of M...
July 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727803/role-of-fomites-in-sars-transmission-during-the-largest-hospital-outbreak-in-hong-kong
#20
Shenglan Xiao, Yuguo Li, Tze-Wai Wong, David S C Hui
The epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had a significant effect on global society in the early 2000s and the potential of its resurgence exists. Studies on the modes of transmission of SARS are limited though a number of outbreak studies have revealed the possible airborne route. To develop more specific and effective control strategies, we conducted a detailed mechanism-based investigation that explored the role of fomite transmission in the well-known Ward 8A outbreak. We considered three hypothetical transmission routes, i...
2017: PloS One
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