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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822010/vitrification-of-human-immature-oocytes-before-and-after-in-vitro-maturation-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Mohammad Ali Khalili, Abbas Shahedi, Sareh Ashourzadeh, Stefania Annarita Nottola, Guido Macchiarelli, Maria Grazia Palmerini
The use of immature oocytes subjected to in vitro maturation (IVM) opens interesting perspectives for fertility preservation where ovarian reserves are damaged by pathologies or therapies, as in PCO/PCOS and cancer patients. Human oocyte cryopreservation may offer some advantages compared to embryo freezing, such as fertility preservation in women at risk of losing fertility due to oncological treatment or chronic disease, egg donation and postponing childbirth. It also eliminates religious and/or other ethical, legal, and moral concerns of embryo freezing...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821837/risk-factors-for-chronic-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-development-one-year-after-vaginal-delivery-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Loïc Sentilhes, Françoise Maillard, Stéphanie Brun, Hugo Madar, Benjamin Merlot, François Goffinet, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
Our study aimed to assess the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth one year after vaginal delivery and to identify characteristics of women and deliveries associated with it. Questionnaires were mailed a year after delivery to 1103 women with prospectively collected delivery and postpartum data, including a question on day 2 assessing their experience of childbirth. PTSD was assessed a year later by the Impact of Event and Traumatic Event Scales; 22 women (4.2%, 95%CI 2.7-6.3%) met the PTSD diagnostic criteria and 30 (5...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819518/-a-rare-case-of-giant-galactocele-associated-with-prolactinoma
#3
Mariam Tayae, Jihad Jamor
Galactocele is a rare cystic formation, a benign breast lesion, occurring when breast duct is blocked and engorged. It generally affects postpartum women, either breastfeeding or not. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature and they were not related to lactation, as in the case of postmenopausal women or of men; moreover, their relationship to the overproduction of prolactin, a growth factor stimulating mammary epithelial cells, is not very well defined at this time. We here report the unusual case of a 30-year old patient with no personal history of childbirth or abortion...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818731/association-between-severities-of-striae-gravidarum-and-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis
#4
Ofra Halperin, Anita Noble, Shosh Balachsan, Ester Klug, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between the severities of Striae Gravidarum (SG) and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) and to measure the symptoms regarding urinary incontinence, fecal/flatus incontinence, and dyspareunia, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. DESIGN: this is a cohort study. SETTING: four university teaching medical centers in Israel, two in the north and two in the center of the country. PARTICIPANTS: women with OASIS were interviewed and assessed for SG...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818270/the-glass-ceiling-a-biological-phenomenon
#5
Tom W J Schulpen
Many brilliant and ambitious young women lose their drive for top careers after childbirth. New maternal impulses are at odds with their original ambitions and for many mothers stress and frustration will be the result as they have to combine child care with workweeks of 60-80h to reach or remain at the top. Pregnancy hormones modify the female's brain as has been demonstrated already for decades in animals. This brain plasticity due to adult neurogenesis in the so called maternal circuitry of the limbic system is long-lasting and perhaps lifelong...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816712/nurses-knowledge-and-teaching-of-possible-postpartum-complications
#6
Patricia D Suplee, Debra Bingham, Lisa Kleppel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess postpartum nurses' knowledge of maternal morbidity and mortality, and information they shared with women before discharge about identifying potential warning signs of postpartum complications. STUDY DESIGN & METHODS: Registered nurses (RNs) who care for women during postpartum (N = 372) completed an electronic survey. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of nurse participants were aware of the current rate of maternal mortality in the United States and 12% accurately reported the correct percentage of deaths that occurred during the postpartum period...
August 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814287/early-onset-coats-disease-initially-treated-as-unilateral-rop-at-39%C3%A2-weeks-postmenstrual-age-a-case-report
#7
Jie Peng, Qi Zhang, Chunli Chen, Qiujing Huang, Yian Li, Peiquan Zhao
BACKGROUND: This is the youngest case of Coats' disease, in terms of postmenstrual age (PMA), to be reported in the literature. This case highlights the remarkable variations in the clinical manifestations and the very early onset of Coats' disease. This case is unusual in both the age of onset and atypical clinical features, which resemble retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a preterm boy born at 31 5/7 weeks gestational age who presented with atypical Coats' disease and was initially diagnosed as having ROP of only one eye at 39 weeks PMA...
August 16, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814285/quality-of-midwife-provided-intrapartum-care-in-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia
#8
Tegbar Yigzaw, Fantu Abebe, Lalem Belay, Yewulsew Assaye, Equlinet Misganaw, Ashebir Kidane, Desalegn Ademie, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg, Young-Mi Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite much progress recently, Ethiopia remains one of the largest contributors to the global burden of maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths. Ethiopia's plan to meet the sustainable development goals for maternal and child health includes unprecedented emphasis on improving quality of care. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of midwifery care during labor, delivery and immediate postpartum period. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using multiple data collection methods and a 2-stage cluster sampling technique was conducted from January 25 to February 14, 2015 in government health facilities of the Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia...
August 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810897/cost-of-hospitalization-for-childbirth-in-india-how-equitable-it-is-in-the-post-nrhm-era
#9
Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Hemant D Shewade, Sanskruti Mishra, A M V Kumar, A D Harries
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Information on out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure during childbirth in public and private health facilities in India is needed to make rational decisions for improving affordability to maternal care services. We undertook this study to evaluate the OOP expenditure due to hospitalization from childbirth and its impact on households. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a nationwide household survey by the National Sample Survey Organization in 2014...
August 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810815/social-selection-in-cohort-studies-and-later-representation-of-childhood-psychiatric-diagnoses-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#10
Kathrine Bang Madsen, Lena Hohwü, Jin Liang Zhu, Jørn Olsen, Carsten Obel
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the relative representation of childhood psychiatric diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) compared to the general population. METHODS: The general population was identified as all childbirths in Denmark during 1998-2002 ( N=344,160). Linking the DNBC ( N=91,442) and the general population to the Danish national health registries, all children were followed until they received an ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis, had a prescription of psychotropic medication or to the end of follow-up in 2013...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810392/first-time-fathers-perception-of-their-childbirth-experiences
#11
Anne M Howarth, Kate M Scott, Nicola R Swain
Birth satisfaction impacts on a man's adjustment to his new role as father. Fathers have been found to have needs similar to those of mothers during pregnancy and childbirth. Research suggests that these needs may not be being met for first-time fathers. In a quantitative survey, fathers' birth satisfaction was similar to mothers. This study then used a phenomenological form of thematic analysis to gain an insight into the birth experiences of 155 first-time New Zealand fathers. Core themes included safety of mother and baby, understanding support role, mother in control and managing pain and care and communication after birth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807713/opioid-drug-use-and-acute-cardiac-events-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states
#12
Hamisu M Salihu, Jason L Salemi, Anjali Aggarwal, Beverly F Steele, Ross C Pepper, Mulubrhan F Mogos, Muktar H Aliyu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of pregnancy-associated deaths in the United States (US). The extent to which increasing opioid use among pregnant women contributes to fatal cardiovascular events is unknown. We examine trends in opioid use among pregnant women over the previous decade, and the association between changes in temporal trends in opioid drug use and the incidence of acute cardiac events among mothers. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis of the Healthcare and Cost Utilization Project (HCUP), we utilized a two-stage stratified cluster sampling of all inpatient hospital discharges from non-federal hospitals between 01/01/2002 through 12/31/2014...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807466/midwives-being-with-woman-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Zoe Bradfield, Ravani Duggan, Yvonne Hauck, Michelle Kelly
BACKGROUND: Midwives being 'with woman' is embedded in professional philosophy, standards of practice and partnerships with women. In light of the centrality of being 'with woman' to the profession of midwifery, it is timely to review the literature to gain a contemporary understanding of this phenomenon. AIM: This review synthesises research and theoretical literature to report on what is known and published about being 'with woman'. METHODS: A five step framework for conducting an integrative literature reviews was employed...
August 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803506/parental-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-increase-the-risk-of-separation-among-parents-with-children-less-than-11-years-of-age-in-sweden
#14
Widarsson Margareta, Nohlert Eva, Öhrvik John, Kerstis Birgitta
AIMS: Parental separations have become more frequent in recent decades. In Western countries, about 25% of children experience parental separation. There is a need to explore the risk factors for separation to give children an optimal childhood. The objective of the present study was to examine parental stress and depressive symptoms during early parenthood and their association with parental separation. METHODS: Four hundred and seven couples completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms for 3 months and parental stress for 18 months after childbirth...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803005/safety-and-feasibility-of-therapeutic-platelet-depletion-with-spectra-optia-in-a-pregnant-woman
#15
Roman Małachowski, Olga Grzybowska-Izydorczyk, Nelly Besson, Anna Szmigielska-Kapłon, Mateusz Nowicki, Agnieszka Wierzbowska
INTRODUCTION: Thrombocytapheresis is an alternative treatment beneficial in rare circumstances, when cytoreductive agents are contraindicated, drug therapy gave no response or the expected response would be too slow. Here we present a case of a pregnant woman who underwent 5 thrombocytaphereses using Spectra Optia device to reduce circulating platelets (PLT) count and prepare for Cesarian section. PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS AND PERFORMED TREATMENT: A 39-year-old woman with diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was treated with interferon because of too high PLT count...
July 27, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799887/the-trauma-of-birth
#16
Cheryl Ann Anderson
The trauma of birth is an international concern for all childbearing women globally. Since changes in 1994 to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) which included childbirth as a potentially traumatic event, several clusters of researchers, particularly representing the Scandinavian countries, the United Kingdom, and Australia, have emerged. Their research findings appear in numerous publications; yet, what is known from these studies is based on a variety of methodological designs and differing measurement tools making it difficult to draw many firm conclusions (Ayers, 2004 ; Ayers, Joseph, Mc-Kenzie-McHarg, Slade, & Wijma, 2008 )...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799164/preconception-care-for-diabetic-women-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#17
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit...
August 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798897/factors-influencing-the-choice-of-child-delivery-location-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-services-and-immunization-clinic-in-southeastern-nigeria
#18
Johnbull Egharevba, Jennifer Pharr, Brian van Wyk, Echezona Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In Nigeria, most deliveries take place at home or with traditional birth attendants (TBAs). This study examined the factors that influenced or determined utilization of healthcare facility delivery services among women who attended antenatal care (ANC) services. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 220 women who registered for ANC at a hospital and delivered within 18 months. Associations between independent variables and choice of healthcare facility delivery were analyzed...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797766/pregnancy-outcomes-after-a-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Brigitte Gerstl, Elizabeth Sullivan, Angela Ives, Christobel Saunders, Handan Wand, Antoinette Anazodo
Improvements in local and systemic treatment, along with earlier diagnoses through breast awareness and screening, have led to increases in survival and a decline in breast cancer (BC) recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, no meta-analysis has yet focused on pregnancy outcomes after BC treatment. Hence, our research group explored the reproductive outcomes (pregnancy, miscarriage, termination of pregnancy, live births) after BC treatment. The Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched. Studies were included that reported on pregnancy and reproductive outcomes after treatment of BC...
July 10, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796681/vasa-previa-diagnosis-clinical-practice-and-outcomes-in-australia
#20
Elizabeth A Sullivan, Nasrin Javid, Gregory Duncombe, Zhuoyang Li, Nadom Safi, Robert Cincotta, Caroline S E Homer, Lesley Halliday, Yinka Oyelese
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of women with vasa previa in Australia and to describe risk factors, timing of diagnosis, clinical practice, and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: A prospective population-based cohort study was undertaken using the Australasian Maternity Outcomes Surveillance System between May 1, 2013, and April 30, 2014, in hospitals in Australia with greater than 50 births per year. Women were included if they were diagnosed with vasa previa during pregnancy or childbirth, confirmed by clinical examination or placental pathology...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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