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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324809/the-internet-as-a-source-of-information-used-by-women-after-childbirth-to-meet-their-need-for-information-a-web-based-survey
#1
J Slomian, O Bruyère, J Y Reginster, P Emonts
OBJECTIVE: the aims of this survey were: (a) to evaluate the need of information after childbirth and what questions do 'new' mothers ask themselves; (b) to assess why and how women use the Internet to meet their need of information; (c) to describe how the respondents evaluate the reliability of the information found; (d) to understand how the information found on the Internet affects women's decision-making; and (e) to appreciate how health professionals react to the information found by the women...
March 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324808/midwives-perceptions-of-partner-presence-in-childbirth-pain-alleviation-in-nigeria-hospitals
#2
Abigail Uchenna Emelonye, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Taina Pitkäaho, Alex Aregbesola
OBJECTIVE: partner presence in the labour room can influence childbirth pain outcomes and maternal well-being. We examined midwives' perception of the use of partner presence in the management of childbirth pain in Nigerian hospitals. DESIGN: a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study. SETTING: maternity units of four hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria, Jun.-Dec., 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 100 midwives selected through convenience sampling...
March 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324224/elective-caesarean-section-on-maternal-request-in-germany-factors-affecting-decision-making-concerning-mode-of-delivery
#3
Paul Philipp Stützer, Sebastian Berlit, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Marc Sütterlin, Benjamin Tuschy
PURPOSE: To investigate sociopsychological factors of women undergoing a caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Twenty-eight women who underwent CSMR and 29 women with vaginal delivery (VD) filled in standardized questionnaires concerning psychological burden (SCL-R 90), fear of childbirth (W-DEQ, STAI), personality structure (HEXACO-Pi-R) and social support (F-SozU) as well as one questionnaire assessing potential factors influencing their mode of delivery...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323893/effect-of-supervised-exercise-training-during-pregnancy-on-neonatal-and-maternal-outcomes-among-overweight-and-obese-women-secondary-analyses-of-the-etip-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Kirsti Krohn Garnæs, Siri Ann Nyrnes, Kjell Åsmund Salvesen, Øyvind Salvesen, Siv Mørkved, Trine Moholdt
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity associates with complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Our aim was to investigate if exercise during pregnancy in overweight/obese women could influence birth weight or other neonatal and maternal outcomes at delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial of exercise training in pregnancy for women with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28 kg/m2. Ninety-one women (31.3 ± 4.3 years, BMI 34...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323860/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-childbirth-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review
#5
Foluso Ishola, Onikepe Owolabi, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Promoting respectful care at childbirth is important to improve quality of care and encourage women to utilize skilled delivery services. However, there has been a relative lack of public health research on this topic in Nigeria. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize current evidence on disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Nigeria in order to understand its nature and extent, contributing factors and consequences, and propose solutions. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched for relevant published studies, and five data sources for additional grey literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318119/rural-hospital-employment-of-physicians-and-use-of-cesareans-and-nonindicated-labor-induction
#6
Shailendra Prasad, Peiyin Hung, Carrie Henning-Smith, Michelle Casey, Katy Kozhimannil
OBJECTIVE: Workforce issues constrain obstetric care services in rural US hospitals, and one strategy hospitals use is to employ physicians to provide obstetric care. However, little is known about the relationship between hospital employment of maternity care physicians and use of obstetric care procedures in rural hospitals. We examined the association between obstetric physician employment and use of cesareans and nonindicated labor induction. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a telephone survey of all 306 rural hospitals providing obstetric care in 9 states from November 2013 to March 2014 and linked the survey data (N = 263, 86% response rate) to all-payer childbirth data on maternity care utilization from 2013 Statewide Inpatient Database (SID) hospital discharge data...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303340/the-influence-of-the-systematic-birth-preparation-program-on-childbirth-satisfaction
#7
Aysu Akca, Aytul Corbacioglu Esmer, Eser Sefik Ozyurek, Arife Aydin, Nazli Korkmaz, Husnu Gorgen, Ozgur Akbayir
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to assess the influence of a systematic multidisciplinary birth preparation program on satisfaction with childbirth experience. A secondary aim was to detect factors that affect the childbirth satisfaction. METHODS: In this prospective study, 77 pregnant women who completed the 4-month birth preparation program (Group 1) and 75 women in the control group (Group 2) were asked to fill out two questionnaires with face-to-face interviews within 48 h after labor...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301335/interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-maternal-mental-health
#8
Nancy Selix, Erin Henshaw, Alinne Barrera, Luba Botcheva, Erin Huie, Gabrielle Kaufman
One out of every five to seven births is affected by postpartum depression, making it the most common maternal health problem in the first year after childbirth. Early identification and treatment are essential, though screening and treatment rates are low. Factors that inhibit effective screening and treatment include lack of uniform screening policies in all maternal health settings, poor coordination of care between primary care and mental health services, coordination of community education efforts and resources, social stigma surrounding mental health treatment, and ineffective application of research and technology in the clinical setting...
March 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298243/the-gender-gap-in-relation-to-happiness-and-preferences-in-married-couples-after-childbirth-evidence-from-a-field-experiment-in-rural-ghana
#9
Yusuke Kamiya, Bright Akpalu, Emmanuel Mahama, Emmanuel Kwesi Ayipah, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Abraham Hodgson, Akira Shibanuma, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: How does the gap in preferences between married couples affect their happiness after childbirth? Are couples that share similar preferences happier? In recent years, gender, marriage, and happiness have been considered to be key issues in public health research. Although much research has examined the happiness status of married couples, practically no study has explored the gender gap in relation to happiness and the preferences of married couples after childbirth. Therefore, our study was conducted to assess the association between the preference gap and the happiness status among married couples in the afterbirth period...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297185/allometry-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-the-human-pelvis
#10
Barbara Fischer, Philipp Mitteroecker
Sexual dimorphism in the human pelvis has evolved in response to several jointly acting selection regimes that result from the pelvis' multiple roles in locomotion and childbirth, among others. Because human males are, on average, taller than females, some aspects of sexual dimorphism in pelvis shape might result from allometry, the association between stature and pelvis shape across individuals. In this study, they aimed to disentangle and quantify the two components contributing to pelvic sex differences: the allometric component, which emerges as a consequence of dimorphism in stature, and the remaining non-allometric sexual dimorphism component...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292721/client-satisfaction-and-transfers-across-care-levels-of-women-with-uncomplicated-pregnancies%C3%A2-at-the-onset-of-labor
#11
Cherelle M V van Stenus, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Erna F G M Kerkhof, Ariana Need
OBJECTIVE: to compare the client satisfaction of women with uncomplicated pregnancies at the onset of labor who were transferred across care levels during childbirth and women who were not transferred across care levels in the Dutch perinatal healthcare system, and-if there are differences-to identify the variables that may explain them. METHODS: the research entailed a population-based study of women with uncomplicated pregnancies at the onset of labor living in the catchment area of a Dutch Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in the eastern part of the Netherlands who gave birth between April 2014 and September 2014...
February 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#12
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287005/effects-of-prenatal-music-stimulation-on-state-trait-anxiety-in-full-term-pregnancy-and-its-influence-on-childbirth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
J García González, M I Ventura Miranda, M Requena Mullor, T Parron Carreño, R Alarcón Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Many researchers have pointed out the strong relationship between maternal psychological well-being and fetal welfare during pregnancy. The impact of music interventions during pregnancy should be examined in depth, as they could have an impact on stress reduction, not only during pregnancy but also during the course of delivery, and furthermore induce fetal awareness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of music on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of music on the birthing process...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286699/rural-women-s-experience-of-living-and-giving-birth-in-relief-camps-in-pakistan
#14
Humaira Maheen, Elizabeth Hoban
BACKGROUND: Women are more vulnerable than men in the same natural disaster setting. Preexisting gender inequality, socio-cultural community dynamics and poverty puts women at significant risk of mortality. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable because of their limited or no access to prenatal and obstetric care during any disaster or humanitarian emergency setting. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 women who gave birth during the 2011 floods in Sindh Province, Pakistan...
January 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285396/pelvic-organ-support-several-years-after-a-first-birth
#15
Caroline W S Ferreira, Ixora K Atan, Andrew Martin, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female pelvic organ prolapse is highly prevalent and childbirth has been shown to be an important risk factor. The study was carried out to observe if pelvic organ support deteriorates over time following a first birth. METHODS: This is a retrospective review using archived data sets of women seen in the context of two prospective perinatal imaging studies. All subjects had undergone a standardised interview, a clinical examination and 4D translabial ultrasound, 3 months and 2-5 years post-partum...
March 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284462/an-observational-study-of-agreement-between-percentage-pain-reduction-calculated-from-visual-analog-or-numerical-rating-scales-versus-that-reported-by-parturients-during-labor-epidural-analgesia
#16
E Pratici, S Nebout, N Merbai, J Filippova, D Hajage, H Keita
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the level of agreement between calculated percentage pain reduction, derived from visual analog or numerical rating scales, and patient-reported percentage pain reduction in patients having labor epidural analgesia. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, parturients were asked to rate their pain intensity on a visual analog scale and numerical rating scale, before and 30min after initiation of epidural analgesia...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283307/obstetric-fistula-and-sociocultural-practices-in-hausa-community-of-northern-nigeria
#17
Oluwakemi C Amodu, Bukola Salami, Solina Richter
BACKGROUND: Obstetric Fistula is a childbirth injury that disproportionately affects women in sub-Saharan Africa. Although poverty plays an important role in perpetuating obstetric fistula, sociocultural practices has a significant influence on susceptibility to the condition. AIM: This paper aims to explore narratives in the literature on obstetric fistula in the context of Hausa ethno-lingual community of Northern Nigeria and the potential role of nurses and midwives in addressing obstetric fistula...
March 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282777/comparing-the-effect-of-e-learning-and-educational-booklet-on-the-childbirth-self-efficacy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Parastoo Abbasi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the effect of e-learning and educational booklet on the childbirth self-efficacy (CBSE). METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 153 pregnant women referred to health centers in the city of Miandoab, Iran in 2015-2016. Participants were assigned into two intervention groups (e-learning and educational booklet) and the control group. A single face-to-face session was held for intervention groups about the management of labor pain in 30-34 weeks of pregnancy and the booklet and software were provided...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279636/presence-and-process-of-fear-of-birth-during-pregnancy-findings-from-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Ingegerd Hildingsson, Helen Haines, Annika Karlström, Astrid Nystedt
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fear of birth has been estimated between 8-30%, but there is considerable heterogeneity in research design, definitions, measurement tools used and populations. There are some inconclusive findings about the stability of childbirth fear. AIM: to assess the prevalence and characteristics of women presenting with scores ≥60 on FOBS-The Fear of Birth Scale, in mid and late pregnancy, and to study change in fear of birth and associated factors...
March 6, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278020/maternal-mind-mindedness-as-a-linking-mechanism-between-childbirth-related-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-parenting-stress
#20
Elena Camisasca, Rossella Procaccia, Sarah Miragoli, Giovanni Giulio Valtolina, Paola Di Blasio
The researchers of this study have two aims: The first one is to verify whether PTS symptoms, evaluated at 87 hours and at 3 months post-partum, are associated with MM and parenting stress, measured at 17 months post-partum. The second purpose is to investigate, at 17 months, the predictive effects of PTS symptoms on the dimensions of parenting stress and to explore whether MM mediates these associations. 41 mother-infant dyads participated in the study. The results show that, at 17 months, hyper-arousal symptoms predicted both MM and parenting stress...
February 19, 2017: Health Care for Women International
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