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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243289/examining-the-content-and-moderators-of-women-s-fears-for-giving-birth-a-meta-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Kayleigh Sheen, Pauline Slade
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This meta-synthesis aimed to identify key elements contributing to FOC derived from women's own reports. BACKGROUND: Fear of childbirth (FOC) encompasses fear or anxiety about giving birth, which can resemble a phobic response. FOC holds implications for women's antenatal and postnatal wellbeing, and decisions made about the birth but a clear definition of the construct does not exist. METHOD: A meta-synthesis was conducted by searching databases (Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, EBSCO, Medline, PsychInfo, and PsychArticles) for qualitative studies describing women's perspectives with respect to fear, anxiety, concerns, phobia or stress about birth...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241699/sterile-water-injections-for-childbirth-pain-an-evidenced-based-guide-to-practice
#2
Lena B Mårtensson, Eileen K Hutton, Nigel Lee, Sue Kildea, Yu Gao, Ingrid Bergh
BACKGROUND: About 30% of women in labour suffer from lower back pain. Studies of sterile water injections for management of low back pain have consistently shown this approach to be effective. The objective of this evidence-based guide is to facilitate the clinical use of sterile water injections to relieve lower back pain in labouring women. METHODS: To identify relevant publications our search strategy was based on computerised literature searches in scientific databases...
December 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241628/-care-of-the-newborn-with-perinatal-asphyxia-candidate-for-therapeutic-hypothermia-during-the-first-six-hours-of-life-in-spain
#3
Juan Arnaez, Alfredo Garcia-Alix, Sara Calvo, Simón Lubián-López
INTRODUCTION: The process of care and assistance from birth to the starting of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is crucial in order to improve its effectiveness and prevent the worsening of hypoxic-ischaemic injury. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study carried out in 2015 by use of a questionnaire sent to all level iii units on the care of the newborn≥35 weeks gestation within the first hours of life after a perinatal asphyxia event. According to clinical practice guidelines, the quality of care was compared between the hospitals that carried out or did not carry out TH, and according to the level of care...
December 11, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241387/predictors-of-emotional-distress-in-pregnant-women-the-mediating-role-of-relationship-intimacy
#4
Eleonora C V Costa, Eva Castanheira, Litícia Moreira, Paulo Correia, Duarte Ribeiro, M Graça Pereira
BACKGROUND: Assessment and treatment of emotional distress during pregnancy show that worries during pregnancy and interpersonal relationships with partners are the important factors determining psychological health. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of worries during pregnancy, relationship intimacy, and marital satisfaction on anxiety, depression, and stress symptoms in pregnant women, as well as to analyse the mediating effect of relationship intimacy between marital satisfaction and emotional distress...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241146/iseeyou-evaluation-of-a-woman-centred-care-pilot-project-in-bachelor-midwifery-education-and-research
#5
Yvonne Fontein-Kuipers, Enja Romeijn
AIM: to evaluate the ISeeYou project that aims to equip first year Bachelor midwifery students to support them in their learning of providing woman-centred care. METHODS: the project has an ethnographic design. First year midwifery students buddied up to one woman throughout her continuum of the childbirth process and accompanied her during her antenatal and postnatal care encounters. Participant-observation was utilised by the students to support their learning...
November 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239794/use-of-hydrotherapy-during-labour-assessment-of-pain-use-of-analgesia-and-neonatal-safety
#6
Laura Mallen-Perez, M Teresa Roé-Justiniano, Núria Colomé Ochoa, Alicia Ferre Colomat, Montse Palacio, Carme Terré-Rull
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of the use of hydrotherapy in pain perception and requesting analgesia in women who use hydrotherapy during childbirth and to identify possible adverse effects in infants born in water. METHOD: A multicentre prospective cohort study was performed between September 2014 and April 2016. A total of 200 pregnant women were selected and assigned to the hydrotherapy group (HG) or the control group (CG) according to desire and availability of use, data collection started at 5cm dilatation...
November 24, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238591/menopausal-hormone-therapy-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-in-women-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#7
Omid Sadr-Azodi, Peter Konings, Nele Brusselaers
Background: The role of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) in the development of pancreatic cancer is inconclusive owing to small studies and lack of proper study design. Methods: This population-based matched cohort study included all Swedish women who used systemic MHT between 1 July 2005 and 31 December 2012. For each user of MHT, three never-users of MHT were randomly selected, matched for childbirth, history of thromboembolic events, and previous hysterectomy, as well as for year of birth, diabetes, obesity, and smoking- or alcohol-related disorders...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238501/the-effect-of-perineal-massage-during-the-second-stage-of-birth-on-nulliparous-women-perineal-a-randomization-clinical-trial
#8
Roonak Shahoei, Farzaneh Zaheri, Lila Hashemi Nasab, Fariba Ranaei
Background: Childbirth and puerperium are of the most important periods in women's lives and can affect different aspects of their lives. Objective: To determine the effect of perineal massage in the second stage of labor on perineal lacerations, episiotomy, and perineal pain in nulliparous women. Methods: This randomization clinical trial was conducted at Be'sat Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran, from 2013 to 2014. A total of 195 nulliparous women were included in the study...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238482/a-historical-review-of-the-concept-of-labor-support-in-technocratic-humanistic-and-holistic-paradigms-of-childbirth
#9
REVIEW
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hossein Ebrahimipour
Background: In the past century, maternal support during childbirth has been changed according to the different approaches suggested by various health care paradigms. Objective: The aim of this review was to argue the maternity supportive care paradigms of the past century and to closely analyze each paradigm. Methods: This is a historical review, in which published articles were retrieved from databases including Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237472/supply-kits-for-antenatal-and-childbirth-care-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Alicia Aleman, Giselle Tomasso, María Luisa Cafferata, Mercedes Colomar, Ana Pilar Betran
INTRODUCTION: It is critical to increase the uptake of interventions proven to be effective to improve maternal and perinatal outcomes. Supply kits have been suggested to be a feasible strategy designed to ensure timely availability and effective follow-up of care. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence on the uptake, effectiveness and safety of supply kits for maternal care. SEARCH STRATEGY: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register, Campbell Collaboration, Lilacs, Embase and unpublished studies were searched...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237011/back-to-bed-from-hospital-to-home-obstetrics-in-the-city-of-chicago
#11
Wendy Kline
This article analyzes the role of doctors and activists in Chicago who successfully redefined the practice and politics of childbirth both locally and ultimately nationwide. It begins with the story of Joseph DeLee's Chicago Maternity Center, responsible for supervising over 100,000 home births between 1932 and 1972. Most of the mothers cared for by the Center were nonwhite, poor, and had little or no access to prenatal care, yet their babies had a far higher survival rate than the nationwide average. Thousands of medical students from all over the Midwest experienced their first deliveries not in hospitals, but in these homes...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236917/a-novel-body-mass-index-reference-range-an-observational-study
#12
Sirlei Siani Morais, Mirena Ide, Andrea Moreno Morgan, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVE: To generate a new body mass index curve of reference values and ranges for body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy and to compare the new curve and weight gain ranges with the currently used references. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with a total of 5,656 weight and body mass index measurements in 641 women with single pregnancy who attended their first prenatal visit before 12 weeks. All the women were over 18 years old and had no medical conditions that would influence body mass index...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236838/birth-plan-compliance-and-its-relation-to-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#13
Pedro Hidalgo-Lopezosa, María Hidalgo-Maestre, Maria Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego
OBJECTIVE: to know the degree of fulfillment of the requests that women reflect in their birth plans and to determine their influence on the main obstetric and neonatal outcomes. METHOD: retrospective, descriptive and analytical study with 178 women with birth plans in third-level hospital. Inclusion criteria: low risk gestation, cephalic presentation, single childbirth, delivered at term. Scheduled and urgent cesareans without labor were excluded. A descriptive and inferential analysis of the variables was performed...
December 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236628/outcomes-of-a-coaching-based-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-program-in-india
#14
Katherine E A Semrau, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Megan Marx Delaney, Vinay P Singh, Rajiv Saurastri, Narender Sharma, Danielle E Tuller, Rebecca Firestone, Stuart Lipsitz, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Bhalachandra S Kodkany, Vishwajeet Kumar, Atul A Gawande
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of facility-based childbirth in low-resource settings has increased dramatically during the past two decades, yet gaps in the quality of care persist and mortality remains high. The World Health Organization (WHO) Safe Childbirth Checklist, a quality-improvement tool, promotes systematic adherence to practices that have been associated with improved childbirth outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a matched-pair, cluster-randomized, controlled trial in 60 pairs of facilities across 24 districts of Uttar Pradesh, India, testing the effect of the BetterBirth program, an 8-month coaching-based implementation of the Safe Childbirth Checklist, on a composite outcome of perinatal death, maternal death, or maternal severe complications within 7 days after delivery...
December 14, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230930/respectful-maternity-care-needs-to-be-the-standard-for-all-women-worldwide
#15
Elaine Denny
The principles of care and respect during childbirth, and of women's rights during childbirth, are universal (McConville, Midwifery, 2014:30(2):154-7). The relationship between women and the doctors, midwives and other birth attendants who care for them is crucial in upholding these principles. However, a WHO statement in 2014 points out that across the world many women experience treatment that is neglectful, abusive and disrespectful, which violates their human rights and their rights to care. This article is protected by copyright...
December 12, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230800/negotiating-quality-standards-for-effective-delivery-of-labor-and-childbirth-care-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#16
Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Musibau A Titiloye, Francis E Alu, Musana O Mambya, Lawal Oyeneyin, Salim Bataale, Adesina Akintan, Olubunmi Alabi, Amos Adebayo, Ola Okike, Hadiza A Idris, Sanni Wilfred, Halima Bello, David Kyaddondo, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Josaphat Byamugisha, Joao Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu
OBJECTIVE: "Negotiated standards" describe a level of quality of care that is acceptable and achievable within a specific health system, based on consensus between key stakeholders. This paper presents the development of negotiated standards for effective labor and childbirth care in selected hospitals and communities in Nigeria and Uganda. METHODS: A four-step development process involving different methodologies. The process included: (1) review and synthesis of internationally recognized intrapartum clinical principles and practices; (2) primary qualitative research to assess values and preferences of women and healthcare providers, and practices that align with these preferences; (3) draft contextualization of effective and ineffective behaviors to reflect values and preferences; and (4) WHO-mediated negotiations between relevant stakeholders, including community members, providers, and administrators...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228926/factors-affecting-the-achievement-of-fertility-intentions-in-urban-nigeria-analysis-of-longitudinal-data
#17
Stella Babalola, Olamide Oyenubi, Ilene S Speizer, Lisa Cobb, Akinsewa Akiode, Mojisola Odeku
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratio in Nigeria is among the highest in the world with an estimated 160 women dying every day of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. In addition to appropriate management of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, preventing unwanted pregnancies is an effective way to reduce maternal deaths. Identifying potentially modifiable factors associated with the achievement of fertility intentions is critical for developing behavior change interventions that will contribute to reducing maternal mortality...
December 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228371/childbirth-history-as-everyone-s-history
#18
Eugene Declercq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227853/joint-effect-of-education-and-age-at-childbirth-on-the-risk-of-caesarean-delivery-findings-from-germany-2008-2015
#19
L Castiglioni, C Schmiedeberg
OBJECTIVES: This article aims at assessing the joint effect of maternal age and education on the risk of having a caesarean delivery. As high maternal education is often associated with lower caesarean-birth rates, but high-educated women tend to postpone motherhood, these effects may offset each other in traditional analyses. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the data from the German Family Panel pairfam. METHODS: The interview-based data refer to 1020 births between 2008 and 2015...
December 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226329/expectations-and-needs-of-ugandan-women-for-improved-quality-of-childbirth-care-in-health-facilities-a-qualitative-study
#20
David Kyaddondo, Kidza Mugerwa, Josaphat Byamugisha, Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences, expectations, and needs of urban Ugandan women in relation to good-quality facility childbirth. METHODS: Women who had given birth in the 12 months prior to the study were purposively sampled and interviewed, or included in focus groups. Thematic analysis was used, and the data were interpreted within the context of an existing quality of care framework. RESULTS: Forty-five in-depth interviews and six focus group discussions were conducted...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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