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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453436/rural-urban-differences-in-access-to-hospital-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-how-far-is-the-closest-one
#1
Peiyin Hung, Michelle M Casey, Katy B Kozhimannil, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Ira S Moscovice
OBJECTIVES: To quantify drive distances to hospital obstetric services and advanced neonatal care and to examine such disparities by residential rurality and insurance type. STUDY DESIGN: Data for all-payer maternal childbirth hospitalizations in 2002 (N = 661,240) and 2013 (N = 634,807) from nine geographically dispersed states were linked with the American Hospital Association annual surveys to identify maternal residence zip codes and the addresses of hospitals with obstetric services or advanced neonatal care...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447358/factors-associated-with-maternal-utilization-of-health-facilities-for-delivery-in-ethiopia
#2
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
Background: As a signatory of the Millennium Development Goals, Ethiopia has made significant achievements towards meeting the maternal mortality related goals since 1990. Despite that, the country is still experiencing unacceptably high maternal mortality rates, and challenges to improving the coverage and utilisation of health facility delivery services which represent a key strategy to combat maternal mortality. Currently, there is limited evidence on the factors associated with health facility delivery in Ethiopia...
February 13, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444583/barriers-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-for-three-to-four-year-old-children-of-australian-born-and-overseas-born-mothers-with-post-gestational-diabetes-an-australian-qualitative-study
#3
Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Christopher J Nolan, Cathy Banwell, Rosemary Young, Lynelle Boisseau, Martha Ingle, Fiona E Lithander
Children of mothers affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at higher risk of long-term cardio-metabolic diseases. We explore the diet and physical activity knowledge and practices of Australian-born and overseas-born mothers with GDM history, for their three- to four-year-old children following antenatal health promotion education at a tertiary hospital. We conducted face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 8 Australian-born and 15 overseas-born mothers with a history of GDM. Findings indicated that mothers of both groups were unaware of the increased health risks of their GDM for their children and could not recall receiving specific dietary or physical activity advice aimed at future child health...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444162/low-serum-levels-of-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-hdl-c-as-an-indicator-for-the-development-of-severe-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#4
Raji Ramachandran Pillai, Anand Babu Wilson, Nancy R Premkumar, Shivanand Kattimani, Haritha Sagili, Soundravally Rajendiran
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a psychiatric complication of childbirth affecting 10-20% of new mothers and has negative impact on both mother and infant. Serum lipid levels have been related to depressive disorders, but very limited literatures are available regarding the lipid levels in women with postpartum depression. The present study is aimed to examine the association of serum lipids with the development of postpartum depressive symptoms. This is a cross sectional study conducted at a tertiary care hospital in South India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443635/race-differences-in-linking-family-formation-transitions-to-women-s-mortality
#5
Adriana M Reyes, Melissa Hardy, Eliza Pavalko
We examine how the timing and sequencing of first marriage and childbirth are related to mortality for a cohort of 4,988 white and black women born between 1922 and 1937 from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women. We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate race differences in the association between family formation transitions and mortality. Although we find no relationships between marital histories and longevity, we do find that having children, the timing of first birth, and the sequencing of childbirth and marriage are associated with mortality...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441503/utilization-of-intergovernmental-funds-to-implement-maternal-and-child-health-plans-of-a-multi-strategy-community-intervention-in-haryana-north-india-a-retrospective-assessment
#6
Madhu Gupta, Federica Angeli, Hans Bosma, Shankar Prinja, Manmeet Kaur, Onno C P van Schayck
INTRODUCTION: A multi-strategy community intervention known as the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was implemented in India from 2005 to 2012 in an attempt to reduce maternal and child mortality. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the extent to which the NRHM's maternal and child health (MCH) sector plans were implemented. We observed trends in how intergovernmental (use of central government funds by state governments) budgets were allocated and used to implement MCH plans in Haryana, India...
December 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440936/contraceptive-use-and-preferences-of-young-married-women-in-kerala-india
#7
Jissa Vinoda Thulaseedharan
Background: As in other states of India, female sterilization is the most widely used contraceptive method in Kerala where women have higher levels of education compared to most other states in India. This paper describes the use and preferences of contraceptive methods among young married women in Trivandrum district, Kerala, India. Subjects and methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among 203 young married women (18-28 years) during January-March 2015 using multistage cluster sampling method...
2018: Open Access Journal of Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439923/less-or-more-maternal-requests-that-go-against-medical-advice
#8
Martine Hollander, Lianne Holten, Annemieke Leusink, Jeroen van Dillen, Esteriek de Miranda
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND: This study explores the experiences of Dutch midwives and gynaecologists with pregnant women who request more, less or no care during pregnancy and/or childbirth. METHODS: All Dutch midwives and (trainee) gynaecologists were invited to fill out a questionnaire specifically designed for the purposes of this study. Holistic midwives were analysed separately from regular community midwives. FINDINGS: Most maternity care providers in the Netherlands receive requests for less care than recommended at least once a year...
February 10, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439080/risk-factors-for-difficult-peripheral-venous-cannulation-in-hospitalised-patients-protocol-for-a-multicentre-case-control-study-in-48-units-of-eight-public-hospitals-in-spain
#9
Miguel Angel Rodriguez-Calero, Ismael Fernandez-Fernandez, Luis Javier Molero-Ballester, Catalina Matamalas-Massanet, Luis Moreno-Mejias, Joan Ernest de Pedro-Gomez, Ian Blanco-Mavillard, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio
INTRODUCTION: Patients with difficult venous access experience undesirable effects during healthcare, such as delayed diagnosis and initiation of treatment, stress and pain related to the technique and reduced satisfaction. This study aims to identify risk factors with which to model the appearance of difficulty in achieving peripheral venous puncture in hospital treatment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Case-control study. We will include adult patients requiring peripheral venous cannulation in eight public hospitals, excluding those in emergency situations and women in childbirth or during puerperium...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438439/mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-brazil-data-from-the-birth-in-brazil-study-a-national-hospital-based-study
#10
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Valeria Saraceni, Maria do Carmo Leal
AIMS: to estimate the mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV among infected pregnant women identified in the "Birth in Brazil" study and to evaluate care practices provided in order to identify missed opportunities at preventing the MTCT of HIV infection in the country. METHODS: Descriptive study using data obtained from the consultation of different databases: the "Birth in Brazil" study database and the Brazilian National Information Systems (NIS) databases...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435767/heat-stable-sublingual-oxytocin-tablets-as-a-potential-needle-free-approach-for-preventing-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-low-resource-settings
#11
Changcheng Zhu, Marcus Estrada, Jessica White, Manjari Lal
Postpartum hemorrhage is a major cause of mortality and morbidity related to childbirth in developing countries. The recommended treatment includes administration of oxytocin; however, oxytocin is a heat-labile protein, and it must be given as an intramuscular injection by skilled health care providers. To address these challenges, we developed a freeze-dried oxytocin fast-dissolving tablet (FDT) for sublingual (SL) needle-free administration. Using methods developed previously, we produced a robust FDT that maintained oxytocin stability at 40 °C, 75% relative humidity for 12 months...
February 12, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435451/umbilical-hernia-repair-and-pregnancy-before-during-after%C3%A2
#12
REVIEW
Hakan Kulacoglu
Umbilical hernias are most common in women than men. Pregnancy may cause herniation or render a preexisting one apparent, because of progressively raised intra-abdominal pressure. The incidence of umbilical hernia among pregnancies is 0.08%. Surgical algorithm for a pregnant woman with a hernia is not thoroughly clear. There is no consensus about the timing of surgery for an umbilical hernia in a woman either who is already pregnant or planning a pregnancy. If the hernia is incarcerated or strangulated at the time of diagnosis, an emergency repair is inevitable...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434475/delays-in-breast-cancer-detection-and-treatment-in-developing-countries
#13
REVIEW
Monica M Rivera-Franco, Eucario Leon-Rodriguez
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in both developed and developing countries and the second most common cancer in the world. Developing countries are increasingly adopting a Western lifestyle, such as changes in diet and delayed first childbirth, lower parity, and shorter periods of breastfeeding, which are important determinants of a higher incidence of breast cancer among those regions. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) represent most of the countries with the highest mortality rates, ranging from 40% to 60%...
2018: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433492/listening-to-their-voices-understanding-rural-women-s-perceptions-of-good-delivery-care-at-the-mibilizi-district-hospital-in-rwanda
#14
Zack Ndirima, Florian Neuhann, Claudia Beiersmann
BACKGROUND: Poor quality maternity care may lead to increased maternal dissatisfaction, and subsequent decreased utilization of health services or both. In a responsive health system, determining suitable delivery care, in the mother's opinion, may lead to an improved quality of services and the mother's satisfaction. In Rwanda, there is still limited knowledge and inadequate research regarding patient satisfaction and preferences, especially for women's perceptions and needs during childbirth...
February 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433368/teaching-childbirth-with-high-fidelity-simulation-is-it-better-observing-the-scenario-during-the-briefing-session
#15
Marcos J Cuerva, Carlos S Piñel, Lourdes Martin, Jose A Espinosa, Octavio J Corral, Nicolás Mendoza
The design of optimal courses for obstetric undergraduate teaching is a relevant question. This study evaluates two different designs of simulator-based learning activity on childbirth with regard to respect to the patient, obstetric manoeuvres, interpretation of cardiotocography tracings (CTG) and infection prevention. This randomised experimental study which differs in the content of their briefing sessions consisted of two groups of undergraduate students, who performed two simulator-based learning activities on childbirth...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430625/hellp-syndrome-risk-factors-in-first-and-second-pregnancy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Ola Malmström, Nils-Halvdan Morken
INTRODUCTION: HELLP syndrome may have specific risk factors and risk factors varying from first to second pregnancy. The aims of the study were to estimate the risk of HELLP syndrome by potential risk factors in first and second pregnancy, respectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population based cohort study including all women in Norway having their first baby (≥22 gestational weeks) during 1999 to 2014, registered in the Medical Birth Registry (n=418 897). A subset of women with at least two births (n=249 070) was used for estimates in second pregnancy...
February 11, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428888/medical-provision-and-urban-rural-differences-in-maternal-mortality-in-late-nineteenth-century-scotland
#17
Alice Reid, Eilidh Garrett
This paper examines the effect of variable reporting and coding practices on the measurement of maternal mortality in urban and rural Scotland, 1861-1901, using recorded causes of death and women who died within six weeks of childbirth. This setting provides data (n = 604 maternal deaths) to compare maternal mortality identified by cause of death with maternal mortality identified by record linkage and to contrast urban and rural settings with different certification practices. We find that underreporting was most significant for indirect causes, and that indirect causes accounted for a high proportion of maternal mortality where the infectious disease load was high...
February 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425896/women-s-satisfaction-with-care-at-the-birthplace-in-austria-evaluation-of-the-babies-born-better-survey-national-dataset
#18
Karolina Luegmair, Christoph Zenzmaier, Claudia Oblasser, Martina König-Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate women's satisfaction with care at the birthplace in Austria and to provide reference data for cross-country comparisons within the international Babies Born Better project. DESIGN: a cross-sectional design was applied. The data were extracted from the Babies Born Better survey as a national sub-dataset that included all participants with Austria as the indicated country of residence. SETTING: an online survey targeting women who had given birth within the last five years and distributed primarily via social media...
January 8, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424426/hormonal-factors-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-in-women-the-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-study
#19
Gustav Andersson, Signe Borgquist, Karin Jirström
The incidence of pancreatic cancer is levelling between sexes. Smoking, high age and heredity are established risk factors, but evidence regarding the influence of hormonal factors is unclear. In this study, we investigated the associations of reproductive factors, use of oral contraceptives (OC) and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with pancreatic cancer risk in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, a prospective, population-based cohort encompassing 17 035 women. Up until December 31 st 2015, 110 women were identified with incident pancreatic cancer through the Swedish Cancer Registry...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423911/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes-and-their-infants
#20
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Valerie Smith, Pauline Meskell, Eugene Dempsey, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) have increased rates of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term, because of increased perinatal mortality during the third trimester of pregnancy.This review replaces a review previously published in 2001 that included "diabetic pregnant women", which has now been split into two reviews. This current review focuses on pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes (Type 1 or Type 2) and a sister review focuses on women with gestational diabetes...
February 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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