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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102501/characteristics-of-social-support-among-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-women-in-canada-an-analysis-of-the-national-longitudinal-survey-of-children-and-youth
#1
Theresa H M Kim, Michael Rotondi, Jennifer Connolly, Hala Tamim
Background Social support is highly valued and beneficial for women, especially after childbirth. The objective was to examine the differences of social support reported among teen, optimal age, and advanced age women, and to identify the characteristics associated with social support separately for each age group. Methods This was a cross-sectional analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Primiparous women with infants were grouped into: teen (15-19 years), optimal age (20-34 years), and advanced age (35 years and older)...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101116/journey-to-motherhood-in-the-first-year-after-child-birth
#2
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri
Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth. Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers' individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101112/effect-of-training-preparation-for-childbirth-on-fear-of-normal-vaginal-delivery-and-choosing-the-type-of-delivery-among-pregnant-women-in-hamadan-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi, Khodayar Oshvandi, Mozhgan Jalali, Ali Esmaeili-Vardanjani, Hossein Rafiei
Objective: To examine effect of an educational program on pregnant women's fear of normal vaginal delivery. Fear of natural childbirth during pregnancy may increase the risk of caesarean section. Educational programs may be effective in reducing women fear of natural childbirth. Materials and methods: This randomized controlled trial conducted from September 2012 to January 2013 in Hamadan, Iran. One hundred fifty eligible women were randomly assigned to group "A" (Intervention group, n = 75) or group "B" (Control group, n = 75)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100456/half-of-women-experience-red-flag-event-during-childbirth-warns-report
#4
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099693/factors-associated-with-maternal-mortality-among-patients-meeting-criteria-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-near-miss
#5
Hesly M P Lima, Francisco Herlânio C Carvalho, Francisco Edson L Feitosa, George C Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with maternal death among women experiencing life-threatening conditions during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data prospectively collected in a Brazilian multicenter cross-sectional study between July 2009 and June 2010 was conducted. Women were identified who delivered at a hospital in Ceará and who had potentially life-threatening conditions. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with maternal death...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095911/mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-and-experiences-of-women-and-healthcare-providers
#6
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Modupe Ogunlade, Agnes A Oyeniran, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Loveth Metiboba, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Global efforts have increased facility-based childbirth, but substantial barriers remain in some settings. In Nigeria, women report that poor provider attitudes influence their use of maternal health services. Evidence also suggests that women in Nigeria may experience mistreatment during childbirth; however, there is limited understanding of how and why mistreatment this occurs. This study uses qualitative methods to explore women and providers' experiences and perceptions of mistreatment during childbirth in two health facilities and catchment areas in Abuja, Nigeria...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095282/active-smoking-and-associated-behavioural-risk-factors-before-and-during-pregnancy-prevalence-and-attitudes-among-newborns-mothers-in-mures-county-romania
#7
Florina Ruta, Calin Avram, Septimiu Voidăzan, Claudiu Mărginean, Vladimir Bacârea, Zoltán Ábrám, Kristie Foley, Andrea Fogarasi-Grenczer, Melinda Pénzes, Monica Tarcea
AIM: Smoking before, during and after pregnancy leads to detrimental outcomes on maternal and foetal health and represents an important public health issue. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of smoking before and during pregnancy in a sample of Romanian women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among mothers (N=1,278) in three maternity hospitals in Tirgu-Mures, Romania, immediately after childbirth, in 2014. We evaluated the prevsalence of smoking before and during pregnancy and used binary logistic regression to assess the influence of socio-demographics and other health behaviour factors in three groups of women: non-smoking pregnant women, women who continued smoking during pregnancy, and smokers who quit during pregnancy...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094117/maternal-weight-after-childbirth-versus-aging-related-weight%C3%A2-changes
#8
Olga Yakusheva, Kandice Kapinos, Marianne Weiss
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy weight gain is believed to contribute to female overweight and obesity. However, most studies do not account for the changes in body weight expected to occur as women age. We examined the long-term weight trajectory of childbearing women relative to weight progression that could be expected in the absence of pregnancy. METHODS: From the hospital records of 32,187 women with two births in Wisconsin during 2006 to 2013, we extracted the maternal weight at pregravid, delivery, and subsequent pregravid...
January 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092814/a-participatory-action-research-study-exploring-women-s-understandings-of-the-concept-of-informed-choice-during-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-ireland
#9
Denise O'Brien, Michelle M Butler, Mary Casey
OBJECTIVE: to explore women's understandings and definitions of the concept of informed choice during pregnancy and childbirth. METHODS: a three-phase action research approach. In the first phase of the study (reported in this paper), fifteen women were interviewed to establish their understandings and experiences of informed choice. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland in a large maternity hospital. PARTICIPANTS: fifteen postnatal women who gave birth to a live healthy infant, women attended obstetric or midwifery-led care...
January 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090347/depressive-symptoms-in-women-s-midlife-in-relation-to-their-body-weight-before-during-and-after-childbearing-years
#10
M Bliddal, A Pottegård, H Kirkegaard, J Olsen, T I A Sørensen, E A Nohr
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine how weight and weight changes related to pregnancy were associated with depressive symptoms 11-16 years after childbirth. METHOD: We followed 16,998 first-time mothers from the Danish National Birth Cohort up till 16 years after birth and estimated associations between depressive symptoms and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) (kg m(-2)), weight changes in different time periods, and BMI-adjusted waist circumference 7 years after birth (WCBMI, cm)...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#11
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086975/a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-health-providers-attitudes-and-acceptability-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea
#12
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Abou Bangoura, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Oumar Sall, Habibata Balde, Aïssatou Sona Niakate, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a key health challenge in Guinea. Anecdotal evidence suggests that women in Guinea are subjected to mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities, but limited research exists on this topic. This study was conducted to better understand the social norms and the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women of reproductive age, midwives, nurses and doctors...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077145/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea-a-qualitative-study-with-women-and-service-providers
#13
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Abou Bangoura, Oumar Sall, Anne Marie Soumah, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Every woman is entitled to respectful care during childbirth; so it is concerning to hear of informal reports of mistreatment during childbirth in Guinea. This study sought to explore the perceptions and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers, and the analysis presents findings according to a typology of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods (in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs)) and was conducted with four groups of participants: women of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073797/physical-and-cultural-determinants-of-postpartum-pelvic-floor-support-and-symptoms-following-vaginal-delivery-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Ingrid E Nygaard, Erin Clark, Lauren Clark, Marlene J Egger, Robert Hitchcock, Yvonne Hsu, Peggy Norton, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Janet Shaw, Xiaoming Sheng, Michael Varner
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), including pelvic organ prolapse (POP), stress and urgency urinary incontinence, and faecal incontinence, are common and arise from loss of pelvic support. Although severe disease often does not occur until women become older, pregnancy and childbirth are major risk factors for PFDs, especially POP. We understand little about modifiable factors that impact pelvic floor function recovery after vaginal birth. This National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Program Project, 'Bridging physical and cultural determinants of postpartum pelvic floor support and symptoms following vaginal delivery', uses mixed-methods research to study the influences of intra-abdominal pressure, physical activity, body habitus and muscle fitness on pelvic floor support and symptoms as well as the cultural context in which women experience those changes...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073629/needs-of-fathers-during-labour-and-childbirth-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Katrijn Eggermont, Dimitri Beeckman, Ann Van Hecke, Ilse Delbaere, Sofie Verhaeghe
Fathers play an important role in the childbearing process, but are sometimes sidelined by midwives. The objectives were: identify fathers' needs during the labor and childbirth process; determine if their needs were met by midwives; and identify variables influencing these needs. The questionnaire was designed based on a systematic literature search and validated by a multistage consensus method. Data were collected during a cross-sectional study in two maternity wards in Belgium, where a medical-led model is used...
January 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069317/unconscious-collusion-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-maternity-care-experiences-of-women-with-obesity-bmi%C3%A2-30kg-m%C3%A2
#16
Sandra Atkinson, Patricia Mannix McNamara
BACKGROUND: obstetric and midwifery literature consctinually emphasise incidence and consequence of obesity in pregnancy. However, they offer less consensus on how best to support women who are obese. Therefore, this study explores in depth the lived experience of women who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥30kg/m². This exploration provides a bio-psycho-social understanding of the lived experience of women to identify how best to support them throughout their childbirth experience. METHODS: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) design was adopted for this qualitative study...
December 16, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068969/factors-associated-with-infant-mortality-in-nepal-a-comparative-analysis-of-nepal-demographic-and-health-surveys-ndhs-2006-and-2011
#17
Reeta Lamichhane, Yun Zhao, Susan Paudel, Emmanuel O Adewuyi
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality is one of the priority public health issues in developing countries like Nepal. The infant mortality rate (IMR) was 48 and 46 per 1000 live births for the year 2006 and 2011, respectively, a slight reduction during the 5 years' period. A comprehensive analysis that has identified and compared key factors associated with infant mortality is limited in Nepal, and, therefore, this study aims to fill the gap. METHODS: Datasets from Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) 2006 and 2011 were used to identify and compare the major factors associated with infant mortality...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068948/women-s-preferences-for-childbirth-experiences-in-the-republic-of-ireland-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Patricia Larkin, Cecily M Begley, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: How women experience childbirth is acknowledged as critical to the postnatal wellbeing of mother and baby. However there is a knowledge deficit in identifying the important elements of these experiences in order to enhance care. This study elicits women's preferences for the most important elements of their childbirth experiences. METHODS: A mixed methods design was used. An initial qualitative phase (reported previously) was followed by a second quantitative one using a discrete choice experiment (DCE), which is reported on here...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#19
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068929/are-freestanding-midwifery-units-a-safe-alternative-to-obstetric-units-for-low-risk-primiparous-childbirth-an-analysis-of-effect-differences-by-parity-in-a-matched-cohort-study
#20
Louise Fischer Christensen, Charlotte Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum complications and the use of obstetric interventions are more common in primiparous childbirth than in multiparous childbirth, leading to concern about out of hospital birth for primiparous women. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the effect of birthplace on perinatal and maternal morbidity and the use of obstetric interventions differed by parity among low-risk women intending to give birth in a freestanding midwifery unit or in an obstetric unit in the North Denmark Region...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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