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arthroscopy and arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632588/survivorship-and-outcomes-10-years-following-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-labral-debridement-compared-with-labral-repair
#1
Travis J Menge, Karen K Briggs, Grant J Dornan, Shannen C McNamara, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated hip arthroscopy to be an effective treatment for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) with associated labral tears. The purposes of this study were to report 10-year outcomes and hip survival following hip arthroscopy for FAI and to compare labral debridement with labral repair. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on patients followed for a minimum of 10 years after hip arthroscopy for FAI with either labral debridement or labral repair performed by a single surgeon were retrospectively analyzed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630715/can-hip-arthroscopy-in-the-presence-of-arthritis-delay-the-need-for-hip-arthroplasty
#2
REVIEW
A Viswanath, V Khanduja
Hip arthroscopy for joint preservation surgery has grown immensely over the last two decades. There is now an increasing trend to try and expand the role of hip arthroscopy to include patients of an older age or perhaps even with signs of arthritis, instead of the established patient group of young adults with mechanical symptoms or serious athletes. But how much of this growth is really justified? Once arthritis is apparent, the arthroscopic procedures needed to try and limit progression of the disease are likely to be different to those needed in young adult non-arthritic hips...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602531/outcomes-of-hip-arthroplasty-after-failed-hip-arthroscopy-a-case-control-study
#3
Simon J M Parker, George Grammatopoulos, Owain L I Davies, Karen Lynch, Tom C B Pollard, Antonio J Andrade
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is increasingly being used in joint preservation surgery with clear benefits in the treatment of prearthritic conditions. A number of patients, however, will still go on to require subsequent hip arthroplasty, and at present, little evidence exists determining the impact that prior hip arthroscopy may have on the outcomes of a subsequent arthroplasty. METHODS: Using prospectively collated data, we identified 35 patients who had a hip arthroplasty (22 total hip arthroplasties and 13 hip resurfacing arthroplasties) after prior ipsilateral hip arthroscopy (cases)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571722/arthroscopic-reconstruction-of-segmental-defects-of-the-hip-labrum-results-in-22-patients-with-mean-2-year-follow-up
#4
Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Nader Darwish, Mary R Close, Parth Lodhia, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To report mean 2-year patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the incidence of revision hip arthroscopy or conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients who had undergone arthroscopic reconstruction of the hip labrum for segmental defects. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed on all patients who had undergone hip arthroscopy from April 2008 to April 2013. All patients who underwent arthroscopic labral reconstruction with either a semitendinosus allograft or a gracilis autograft with mean 2-year follow-up were part of the inclusion criteria...
May 29, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567339/hallux-rigidus-how-do-i-approach-it
#5
REVIEW
Aaron Lam, Jimmy J Chan, Michele F Surace, Ettore Vulcano
Hallux rigidus is a degenerative disease of the first metatarsalphalangeal (MTP) joint and affects 2.5% of people over age 50. Dorsal osteophytes and narrowed joint space leads to debilitating pain and limited range of motion. Altered gait mechanics often ensued as 119% of the body force transmit through the 1(st) MTP joint during gait cycle. Precise etiology remains under debate with trauma being often cited in the literature. Hallux valgus interphalangeus, female gender, inflammatory and metabolic conditions have all been identified as associative factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534472/evidence-for-robots
#6
Ravikiran Shenoy, Dinesh Nathwani
Robots have been successfully used in commercial industry and have enabled humans to perform tasks which are repetitive, dangerous and requiring extreme force. Their role has evolved and now includes many aspects of surgery to improve safety and precision. Orthopaedic surgery is largely performed on bones which are rigid immobile structures which can easily be performed by robots with great precision. Robots have been designed for use in orthopaedic surgery including joint arthroplasty and spine surgery. Experimental studies have been published evaluating the role of robots in arthroscopy and trauma surgery...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483213/simplified-chinese-version-of-university-of-california-at-los-angeles-activity-score-for-arthroplasty-and-arthroscopy-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation
#7
Shiqi Cao, Ning Liu, Lexiang Li, Hua Lv, Yi Chen, Qirong Qian
BACKGROUND: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score into a simplified Chinese version (UCLA-C) and evaluate the reliability and validity of the UCLA-C for patients with both knee arthroscopy and total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the internationally recognized guidelines of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Outcome Committee. A total of 200 participants (100 arthroscopy and 100 total knee arthroplasty) were recruited in this study...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454997/retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-elbow-arthroscopy-used-to-treat-primary-osteoarthritis-with-and-without-release-of-the-posterior-band-of-the-medial-collateral-ligament
#8
Se Jin Kim, Jeong Woo Kim, Sung Hyun Lee, Ji Woong Choi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and functional outcomes of arthroscopic debridement arthroplasty with the release of the posterior band of the medial collateral ligament in patients with primary osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated 43 patients treated with arthroscopic debridement arthroplasty for elbow osteoarthritis from February 2006 to February 2014. In group A (n = 19), the posterior band of the medial collateral ligament was released, and in group B (n = 24), it was not released...
April 25, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412060/minimum-2-year-outcomes-of-arthroscopic-management-of-symptomatic-hip-labrum-tears-in-patients-with-global-acetabular-overcoverage
#9
Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Nader Darwish, Mary R Close, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Parth Lodhia, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To report minimum 2-year patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after hip arthroscopy (HA) for symptomatic labral tears in patients with global acetabular overcoverage. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series of patients who underwent HA from April 2008 to April 2013. The inclusion criteria were patients with global acetabular overcoverage, defined as a lateral center-edge angle greater than 40°, and with coxa profunda, defined radiologically by the ilioischial line lateral to the acetabular floor...
April 12, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397753/hip-arthropathy-in-haemophilia
#10
Christian Carulli, Anna Rosa Rizzo, Massimo Innocenti
Hip arthropathy in haemophilic patients is disabling for hip and other common target joints. Even if bleedings in the hip are not frequent, femoroacetabular alterations may affect the functional ability of patients at a very young age. A haematologic prophylaxis combined with an adequate lifestyle and regular and low-traumatic physical activity are the keys to preventing such arthropathy. In the early stages of arthropathy, anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy may be sufficient to limit its progression...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385936/unsatisfactory-outcomes-following-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-partial-thickness-cartilage-loss-a-medium-term-follow-up
#11
T W Hamilton, H G Pandit, A Inabathula, S J Ostlere, C Jenkins, S J Mellon, C A F Dodd, D W Murray
AIMS: While medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is indicated for patients with full-thickness cartilage loss, it is occasionally used to treat those with partial-thickness loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the five-year outcomes in a consecutive series of UKAs used in patients with partial thickness cartilage loss in the medial compartment of the knee. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, 94 consecutive UKAs were undertaken in 90 patients with partial thickness cartilage loss and followed up independently for a mean of six years (1 to 13)...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343719/thromboprophylaxis-after-knee-arthroscopy-out-of-the-maze
#12
Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin
The use of thromboprophylaxis after knee arthroplasty is heterogeneous among orthopedic surgeons. Two recent studies showed that low molecular weight heparin is not effective for preventing venous thromboembolism, whereas thrombotic episodes may be significantly reduced using direct oral anticoagulants, thus opening an interesting perspective for periprocedural management of knee arthroscopy.
May 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287389/sudden-peroneal-nerve-palsy-in-an-osteoarthritic-knee-a-case-report
#13
Vijay Kumar, Mayur Nayak, Tahir Ansari, Rajesh Malhotra
Peroneal nerve injuries have been reported in association with various causes around the knee such as traumatic varus injury, traumatic dislocation, upper tibial osteotomy, knee arthroscopy and total knee arthroplasty. Two instances of varus arthritic knee associated with a peroneal nerve palsy have been reported so far. One presented with gradual onset peroneal nerve palsy that recovered with time and the other with sudden onset peroneal nerve palsy that did not recover. We describe the case of a 63-year-old man who presented with a symptomatic varus arthritic knee and sudden onset peroneal nerve palsy with synovial cysts over the lateral aspect of the knee...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259588/complication-rates-for-hip-arthroscopy-are-underestimated-a-population-based-study
#14
Jeremy N Truntzer, Daniel J Hoppe, Lauren M Shapiro, Geoffrey D Abrams, Marc Safran
PURPOSE: To identify major and minor complication rates associated with hip arthroscopy from a payer-based national database and compare with the rates reported in the existing literature. METHODS: Patients who underwent hip arthroscopy between 2007 and 2014 were identified using PearlDiver, a publicly available database. Rates of major and minor complications, as well as conversion to total hip arthroscopy (THA), were determined by using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9), codes...
March 1, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249968/defining-modes-of-failure-after-joint-preserving-surgery-of-the-hip
#15
P E Beaulé, H Bleeker, A Singh, J Dobransky
AIMS: Joint-preserving surgery of the hip (JPSH) has evolved considerably and now includes a number of procedures, including arthroscopy, surgical dislocation, and redirectional osteotomies of the femur and acetabulum. There are a number of different factors which lead to failure of JPSH. Consequently, it is of interest to assess the various modes of failure in order to continue to identify best practice and the indications for these procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective observational study design, we reviewed 1013 patients who had undergone JPSH by a single surgeon between 2005 and 2015...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229355/femoral-shaft-osteotomy-for-obligate-outward-rotation-due-to-scfe
#16
Peter M Stevens, Lucas Anderson, Bruce A MacWilliams
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an adolescent disease that leads to retroversion of the femoral neck and shaft, relative to the head. Observing that patients with SCFE must walk with an outward foot progression angle and externally rotate the leg in order to flex the hip, we have been performing a femoral shaft rotational osteotomy wherein we rotate the lower femur 45° inward, relative to the upper femur. By correcting retroversion, our goal is to improve functional hip and knee motion, thereby mitigating the effects of SCFE impingement...
April 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116268/pseudoaneurysm-of-the-posterior-tibial-artery-following-removal-of-tibial-plate-a-rare-case
#17
Salman Ghaffari, Hossein Farsavian, Seyed Mohamad Mehdi Daneshpoor, Masoud Shayesteh
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication reported after any surgery such as ORIF of fracture, plate removal, ankle or knee arthroscopy or arthroplasty. To our knowledge, pseudoaneurysms of the posterior tibial artery after tibial plate removal are a rare phenomenon. We report a case of a 18-year-old male patient who had pseudoaneurysm of posterior tibial artery following plate removal. CASE PRESENTATION: A 18-year-old male was referred to our outpatient clinic because of mass-like lesion in his left calf...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066736/joint-preservation-after-hip-arthroscopy-in-patients-with-fai-prospective-analysis-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-seven-years
#18
Fernando Comba, Carlos Yacuzzi, Pablo J Ali, Gerardo Zanotti, Martin Buttaro, Francisco Piccaluga
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes, radiological degenerative progression and the joint preservation rate in a series of patients with Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) treated with hip arthroscopy at a minimum follow-up of 7 years. The predictive factors for total hip arthroplasty (THA) requirement were analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 2008 and February 2009, 42 consecutive patients treated with hip arthroscopy due to FAI syndrome were included...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925502/implementation-of-an-algorithm-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-deviations-and-problems
#19
Heinrich M L Mühlhofer, Karl-Georg Kanz, Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Florian Lenze, Andreas Toepfer, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Johannes Schauwecker
BACKGROUND: The outcome of revision surgery in arthroplasty is based on a precise diagnosis. In addition, the treatment varies based on whether the prosthetic failure is caused by aseptic or septic loosening. Algorithms can help to identify periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and standardize diagnostic steps, however, algorithms tend to oversimplify the treatment of complex cases. We conducted a process analysis during the implementation of a PJI algorithm to determine problems and deviations associated with the implementation of this algorithm...
February 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798715/descending-geniculate-artery-pseudoaneurysm-following-tibial-plateau-fracture
#20
Charles A Cefalu, Thomas P Royals, Peter C Krause
Pseudoaneurysms are uncommon in patients with trauma, but can cause diagnostic difficulty and result in significant morbidity. Etiologies range from penetrating and nonpenetrating trauma to operative injury during fracture fixation, arthroscopy, total joint arthroplasty, and hardware loosening and removal. Pseudoaneurysms can conspicuously present as a pulsatile mass with an audible bruit, or as a subtly expanding hematoma. In either case, the complications can be serious if diagnosed late. The authors report a case of a pseudoaneurysm arising from the descending geniculate artery following a tibial plateau fracture...
January 1, 2017: Orthopedics
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