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arthroscopy and arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770175/neurologic-complications-in-common-wrist-and-hand-surgical-procedures
#1
Nicole Verdecchia, Julie Johnson, Mark Baratz, Steven Orebaugh
Nerve dysfunction after upper extremity orthopedic surgery is a recognized complication, and may result from a variety of different causes. Hand and wrist surgery require incisions and retraction that necessarily border on small peripheral nerves, which may be difficult to identify and protect with absolute certainty. This article reviews the rates and ranges of reported nerve dysfunction with respect to common surgical interventions for the distal upper extremity, including wrist arthroplasty, wrist arthrodesis, wrist arthroscopy, distal radius open reduction and internal fixation, carpal tunnel release, and thumb carpometacarpal surgery...
March 29, 2018: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730220/assessing-the-outcome-of-hip-arthroscopy-for-labral-tears-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-using-the-minimum-dataset-of-the-british-non-arthroplasty-hip-register-a-single-surgeon-experience
#2
Julian F Maempel, Jason Z Ting, Paul Gaston
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess changes in British Non-arthroplasty Hip Register (NAHR) minimum dataset (MDS) patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and define the relation between these and patient satisfaction. Secondary aims included exploring the impact of patient characteristics (age, sex, and social deprivation status) on MDS PROMs and satisfaction and determining the Net Promoter Score for hip arthroscopy for FAI...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730217/perioperative-opioid-analgesics-and-hip-arthroscopy-trends-risk-factors-for-prolonged-use-and-complications
#3
Victor Anciano Granadillo, Jourdan M Cancienne, F Winston Gwathmey, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to (1) examine trends in preoperative and prolonged postoperative opioid analgesic use in patient undergoing hip arthroscopy, (2) characterize risk factors for prolonged opioid analgesic use following hip arthroscopy, and (3) explore preoperative and prolonged postoperative opioid analgesic use as independent risk factors for complications following hip arthroscopy. METHODS: A private insurance database was queried for patients undergoing hip arthroscopy from 2007 to 2015 with a minimum of 6 months of follow-up...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726692/midterm-outcomes-and-return-to-sports-among-athletes-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy
#4
Itay Perets, Matthew J Craig, Brian H Mu, David R Maldonado, Jody M Litrenta, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is an established surgical treatment for pathologic hip conditions in athletes. There is a paucity in the literature regarding outcomes and return to sport for athletes in the midterm. PURPOSE: To report minimum 5-year outcomes, return to sport, and level of sport among athletic patients who underwent hip arthroscopy. In addition, we compared 2- and 5-year outcomes to evaluate whether there is a deterioration in functional status. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696322/-minimally-invasive-cheilectomy
#5
REVIEW
M Walther, P Chomej, S Kriegelstein, S Altenberger, A Röser
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of hallux rigidus by minimally invasive resection of the dorsal osteophytes, synovectomy and resection of the dorsal part of the metatarsal head. INDICATIONS: Hallux rigidus grades II and III CONTRAINDICATIONS: End-stage osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint with beginning ankylosis. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Osteophytes around the metatarsophalangeal joint are removed using a 1 cm incision dorsomedial, approximately 3 cm proximal of the joint space...
April 25, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685836/narcotics-and-knee-arthroscopy-trends-in-use-and-factors-associated-with-prolonged-use-and-postoperative-complications
#6
Samuel R H Steiner, Jourdan M Cancienne, Brian C Werner
PURPOSE: To (1) examine trends in the prevalence of preoperative and prolonged postoperative narcotic use in patients undergoing knee arthroscopy, (2) characterize factors associated with prolonged narcotic use after knee arthroscopy, and (3) explore the association of preoperative and prolonged postoperative narcotic use with complications after knee arthroscopy. METHODS: The PearlDiver database was reviewed for patients who underwent knee arthroscopy from 2007 to 2015 with a minimum of 6 months' follow up...
April 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580743/surgical-trends-in-arthroscopic-hip-surgery-using-a-large-national-database
#7
Nicholas A Bonazza, Brittany Homcha, Guodong Liu, Douglas L Leslie, Aman Dhawan
PURPOSE: To assess the practice trends in hip arthroscopy, including femoroplasty, acetabuloplasty, and labral repair Current Procedure Terminology, 4th edition (CPT-4), codes that have been implemented since many of the previous studies were published, without concerns for Hawthorne or observer effect as can be seen during a board collection window, and in a larger volume of patients with a more comprehensive database than previous published data. METHODS: The MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database was searched using CPT-4 codes to identify patients who underwent any arthroscopic hip procedure from 2008 to 2013...
March 23, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580593/multimodal-perioperative-analgesia-regimen-to-improve-patient-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-multidisciplinary-quality-improvement-project
#8
Rebecca E Donahue, George R Bradbury, Michael E Zychowicz, Virginia C Muckler
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this quality improvement project was to improve mobilization for patients after total knee arthroscopy by developing and implementing a standardized, evidence-based, multimodal analgesia regimen and patient-educational video. Secondary outcomes included opioid consumption, pain, and length of stay. DESIGN: A pre-post implementation design was used to compare two independent samples. METHODS: Patients were screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria 1-2 weeks before surgery...
April 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544970/the-effect-of-prior-hip-arthroscopy-on-patient-reported-outcomes-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-an-institutional-registry-based-matched-cohort-study
#9
Joseph F Konopka, Robert L Buly, Bryan T Kelly, Edwin P Su, Alexander S McLawhorn
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients who undergo hip arthroscopy will subsequently undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), although limited evidence exists regarding effects of prior hip arthroscopy on the outcomes of these procedures. METHODS: Of 5091 patients who underwent hip arthroscopy, we identified 69 patients who underwent subsequent THA (46) or HRA (23). Patients were matched to patients with no history of hip arthroscopy...
June 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502687/editorial-commentary-are-we-running-out-of-treatments-for-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#10
EDITORIAL
Louis F McIntyre
A considerable body of literature with high-level evidence has been published in the past 15 years calling into question the value of arthroscopic surgery in treating osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK). This, plus recent guidelines advising against the use of conservative treatments such as hyaluronic viscosupplementation, threatens to limit patient access to treatment for a chronic disease state with no known cure. The disease burden of OAK is considerable and represents one of the largest health care dollar expenditures in the United States and the world...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499826/venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-shoulder-surgery
#11
REVIEW
William R Aibinder, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
The incidence of venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) complicating shoulder surgery is difficult to estimate. Case reports, retrospective studies, prospective studies, and systematic reviews vary in terms of separating symptomatic versus asymptomatic VTEs, those occurring in the upper versus lower extremities, and those leading to pulmonary embolism. Reported rates vary between 0.02% and 13%. Arthroplasty is associated with a higher incidence than arthroscopy. Surgery for fracture presents increased risk. Mechanical prophylaxis using compression devices could be considered given its favorable risk-benefit profile...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482861/what-is-the-risk-posed-to-the-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-during-the-use-of-the-anterior-portal-of-supine-hip-arthroscopy-and-the-minimally-invasive-anterior-approach-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Jonathan D Bartlett, John E Lawrence, Vikas Khanduja
PURPOSE: To determine: (1) What is the proximity of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) to the anterior portal (AP) used in supine hip arthroscopy? (2) What is the proximity of the LCFN to the incision in the minimally invasive anterior approach (MIAA) for total hip arthroplasty? (3) What effect does lateralizing the AP have on the likelihood of nerve injury? (4) What branching patterns are observable in the LFCN? METHODS: Forty-five hemipelves were dissected...
February 23, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477605/there-is-a-significant-discrepancy-between-big-data-database-and-original-research-publications-on-hip-arthroscopy-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Kyle R Sochacki, Robert A Jack, Marc R Safran, Shane J Nho, Joshua D Harris
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare (1) major complication, (2) revision, and (3) conversion to arthroplasty rates following hip arthroscopy between database studies and original research peer-reviewed publications. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, SCOPUS, SportDiscus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for studies that investigated major complication (dislocation, femoral neck fracture, avascular necrosis, fluid extravasation, septic arthritis, death), revision, and hip arthroplasty conversion rates following hip arthroscopy...
February 21, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467465/development-and-validation-of-a-clinical-prediction-model-for-patient-reported-pain-and-function-after-primary-total-knee-replacement-surgery
#14
M T Sanchez-Santos, C Garriga, A Judge, R N Batra, A J Price, A D Liddle, M K Javaid, C Cooper, D W Murray, N K Arden
To develop and validate a clinical prediction model of patient-reported pain and function after undergoing total knee replacement (TKR). We used data of 1,649 patients from the Knee Arthroplasty Trial who received primary TKR across 34 centres in the UK. The external validation included 595 patients from Southampton University Hospital, and Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre (Oxford). The outcome was the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) 12-month after TKR. Pre-operative predictors including patient characteristics and clinical factors were considered...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456067/revision-hip-arthroscopy-after-labral-reconstruction-using-iliotibial-band-autograft-surgical-findings-and-comparison-of-outcomes-with-labral-reconstructions-not-requiring-revision
#15
Renato Locks, Ioanna K Bolia, Hajime Utsunomiya, Karen K Briggs, Marc J Philippon
PURPOSE: To determine the causes of revision hip arthroscopy in patients who underwent labral reconstruction and to compare outcomes of these patients with patients who did not require a revision following reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who underwent revision hip arthroscopy after previous labral reconstruction from 2006 to 2014 were included. Patients with less than 2-year follow-up, preoperative joint space of ≤2 mm, or who underwent other reconstructive procedures at the time of labral reconstruction were excluded...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423723/post-operative-extra-spinal-etiologies-of-sciatic-nerve-impingement
#16
REVIEW
Jonathan A Flug, Alissa Burge, Darius Melisaratos, Theodore T Miller, John A Carrino
Sciatica is a highly prevalent cause of morbidity, commonly resulting from intra-spinal pathological processes. Many cases can have extra-spinal etiologies and can be clinically challenging. Certain scenarios should suggest an extra-spinal etiology, particularly total and revision hip arthroplasty, surgical hip dislocation, hip arthroscopy, and surgery in the lithotomy position. We review the post-operative clinical scenarios where sciatic neuropathy may occur, along with the pertinent imaging findings.
February 8, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423254/outcomes-following-arthroscopic-hip-segmental-labral-reconstruction-using-autologous-capsule-tissue-or-indirect-head-of-the-rectus-tendon
#17
Renato Locks, Jorge Chahla, Ioanna K Bolia, Karen K Briggs, Marc J Philippon
The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes following segmental labral reconstruction (labral defects measuring <1 cm) using a segment of capsular tissue or a segment of the indirect head of rectus femoris tendon. Eleven patients (five females and six males) underwent segmental labral reconstruction using a segment of capsule (eight patients) or indirect head of rectus tendon (three patients) by a single surgeon from March 2005 to October 2012. The average age of the patients was 35 years old (range, 20-51 years)...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423252/extracapsular-local-infiltration-analgesia-in-hip-arthroscopy-a-retrospective-study
#18
Matthew T Philippi, Timothy L Kahn, Temitope F Adeyemi, Travis G Maak, Stephen K Aoki
Many hip arthroscopy patients experience significant pain in the immediate postoperative period. Although peripheral nerve blocks have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating some of this pain, they come with significant costs. Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) may be a significantly cheaper and efficacious treatment modality. Although LIA has been well studied in hip and knee arthroplasty, its efficacy in hip arthroscopy is unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study is to determine the efficacy of a single extracapsular injection of bupivacaine-epinephrine during hip arthroscopy in reducing the rate of elective postoperative femoral nerve blocks...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423245/refractory-pain-following-hip-arthroscopy-evaluation-and-management
#19
REVIEW
Jason J Shin, Darren L de Sa, Jeremy M Burnham, Craig S Mauro
With increased knowledge and understanding of hip pathology, hip arthroscopy is rapidly becoming a popular treatment option for young patients with hip pain. Despite improved clinical and radiographic outcomes with arthroscopic treatment, some patients may have ongoing pain and less than satisfactory outcomes. While the reasons leading to failed hip arthroscopy are multifactorial, patient selection, surgical technique and rehabilitation all play a role. Patients with failed hip arthroscopy should undergo a thorough history and physical examination, as well as indicated imaging...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395548/excision-of-labral-amorphous-calcification-as-a-part-of-hip-arthroscopy-clinical-outcomes-in-a-matched-controlled-study
#20
Itay Perets, David E Hartigan, John P Walsh, Austin W Chen, Brian H Mu, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes, demographics, and radiographic findings for patients whose hip arthroscopies involved amorphous calcification (AC) excision and to compare them with a control group with no AC and with the general population regarding diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopy involving surgical excision of AC deposit in the anterosuperior labralcapsular recess between October 2008 and July 2014 were reviewed...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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