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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772489/prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnant-patients-with-a-history-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Alejandro Lazo-Langner, Fatimah Al-Ani, Sarah Weisz, Camilla Rozanski, Martha Louzada, Judy Kovacs, Michael J Kovacs
BACKGROUND: Optimal prophylactic strategies in pregnant women with a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive pregnant patients with a previous VTE history. Patients were followed until 6 weeks postpartum. Patients with a previous unprovoked event (including antepartum VTE) received antenatal prophylaxis, mostly with low dose low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). All patients received prophylaxis for six weeks after delivery...
May 5, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758932/blood-rheology-during-normal-pregnancy
#2
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Barbara Niesigk, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath, Olga Schelkunov, Peter Daragó, Roland Csorba
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have shown increased RBC aggregation and no difference in plasma viscosity in the presence of markedly lower hematocrit in women at term compared to non-pregnant women. Little is known about the outcome of blood rheological parameters and red blood cell (RBC) deformability particularly in the course of normal pregnancy. METHODS: During a 36 months interval 1.913 blood samples were randomly collected from a total of 945 pregnant women in the course of their pregnancy (n = 1...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754970/cessation-of-breastfeeding-in-association-with-oxytocin-administration-and-type-of-birth-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Aurora Fernández-Cañadas Morillo, Modesto Durán Duque, Ana B Hernández López, Cristina Muriel Miguel, Pilar Pérez Riveiro, Angel Salcedo Mariña, Ana Royuela Vicente, María L Casillas Santana, Miguel A Marín Gabriel
BACKGROUND: Some studies have suggested an association between synthetic oxytocin administration and type of birth with the initiation and consolidation of breastfeeding. AIM: This study aimed to test whether oxytocin administration and type of birth are associated with cessation of exclusive breastfeeding at different periods. A second objective was to investigate whether the administered oxytocin dose is associated with cessation of exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study (n=529) in a tertiary hospital...
May 10, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739085/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-with-cerebral-hemorrhage-presenting-with-status-epilepticus-in-early-pregnancy
#4
Xuemin Feng, Teng Zhao, Jingyao Liu, Chunkui Zhou
BACKGROUND: CVST is an important cause of stroke during late pregnancy and in the puerperium, but it is seldom encountered during early pregnancy. We report a case of a 34-year-old woman presenting with convulsive status epilepticus in early pregnancy. METHODS: In this case, the cranial computed tomography detected hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a bilateral hypointense signal involving the frontal lobes and a hyperintense lesion on the right temporal lobe on T1-weighted imaging, and a large bilateral hyperintense area involving the frontal lobes on T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666027/puerperium-related-stroke-due-to-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis
#5
Manuel Chacón-Díaz, Roberto Ruiz-Cordero, Helard Miranda-Aguilar, Josias Rios-Ortega, Fernando Córdova-Gómez, Julio Morón-Castro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662280/effects-of-epidural-labour-analgesia-in-mother-and-foetus
#6
Varsha Laxmikant Deshmukh, Shaswatee S Ghosh, Kanan A Yelikar, Shreeniwas N Gadappa
Objective: Aim of study was to determine effect of epidural analgesia on progress of labour and mode of delivery, to find out its complications in labour and puerperium and to evaluate neonatal outcome in terms of APGAR score. Method: The present study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Government Medical College Aurangabad over period of 2 years from June 2014 to June 2016 after taking approval from institutional ethical board. Hundred low-risk primigravidas were included in the study, 50 women received epidural analgesia for relief of labour pain at 3-4 cm and 50 women served as control...
April 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629564/thrombin-activatable-fibrinolysis-inhibitor-polymorphisms-and-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-mexican-mestizo-patients
#7
Antonio Arauz, Nayelli Argüelles, Aurelio Jara, Jorge Guerrero, Miguel A Barboza
Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) gene polymorphisms have been proposed as a predisposing factor for cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). We analyzed the association between CVT and TAFI single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3742264, rs2146881, and rs1926447) compared to healthy controls. Mexico Mestizo confirmed cases with CVT and age- and sex-matched controls with no history of venous thrombotic events were recruited from July 2006 to July 2015. Demographic, clinical, and imaging information was included in the analysis...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623485/imaging-of-neurovascular-emergencies-in-pregnancy-and-puerperium
#8
Kajari Bhattacharya, Hima Pendharkar
Acute neurovascular events, though rare, can complicate pregnancy and postpartum period. It is important to be aware of these clinical conditions for reducing maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In this review, we present a few important neurovascular emergencies and their imaging manifestations by various imaging modalities-computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and digital subtraction angiography (DSA)-which presented at our institution in the peripartum period.
April 6, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619936/intravenous-iron-treatment-in-the-puerperium
#9
Charlotte Holm
Iron deficiency and anaemia in the puerperium are associated with several important clinical consequences, most prominently physical fatigue. Current treatment practice with oral iron supplementation is associated with gastrointestinal side-effects and subsequent poor compliance. Red blood cell transfusion is also widely used to treat severe postpartum anaemia, though accumulating evidence questions its risk-benefit ratio. Intravenous iron has in previous studies been associated with fast improvement of haemoglobin and iron biochemical markers in the treatment of postpartum anaemia, but there is a lack of studies on patient reported outcomes...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604954/an-intramural-uterine-fibroid-became-submucosal-in-the-puerperium-proposed-probable-mechanism-a-case-report
#10
Elie Nkwabong
BACKGROUND: Vaginal prolapse of a large uterine fibroid is a rare phenomenon in a woman who delivered vaginally recently, given that this fibroid might have obstructed labor. The author presents a case report of a vaginally prolapsed large pedunculated submucosal uterine myoma in a woman with a recent uncomplicated vaginal delivery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old black African woman had four intramural uterine fibroids of diameters 62 to 94 mm diagnosed in April 2013 with standard ultrasound scan...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595872/headaches-through-a-woman-s-life
#11
Elisa T Bushman, Michael W Varner, Kathleen B Digre
Importance: Headaches affect women across their life span, with menses, pregnancy, and menopause being times that pose unique challenges in diagnosis and treatment. The correct diagnosis and treatment of headache can prevent unnecessary interventions, the worsening of chronic headache disorders, and complications of secondary headaches. Objective: The objective of this article is to educate women's health care providers about the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of headache during menses, pregnancy, the puerperium, and menopause to improve the quality of care for women with chronic and acute headache...
March 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575615/spectrum-of-hemostatic-disorders-in-indian-females-presenting-with-bleeding-manifestations
#12
A Gupta, P Mishra, H P Pati, S Tyagi, M Mahapatra, T Seth, R Saxena
INTRODUCTION: Hemostatic disorders are often missed in women with bleeding particularly menorrhagia. Preexisting hemostatic disorders are now known as common risk factor for postpartum hemorrhage and prolonged bleeding in puerperium. Females with bleeding complaints constitute an important population referred to hematology clinic. Hence, we aim to evaluate the type and frequency of hemostatic disorders among females presenting with bleeding in a tertiary care hospital and a basic hemostatic laboratory...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550273/effect-of-exogenous-estradiol-benzoate-on-uterine-blood-flow-in-postpartum-dairy-cows
#13
Mohamed Rawy, Shogo Mido, Hossam El-Sheikh Ali, Derar Derar, Gaber Megahed, Go Kitahara, Takeshi Osawa
The objective of this study was to assess the uterine blood flow following estradiol benzoate administration in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows by trans-rectal color Doppler ultrasonography. Six healthy lactating Holstein-Friesian cows were examined daily for 10 days starting at 4 weeks postpartum. All the cows, which were clinically healthy based on vaginal mucus scoring and endometrial cytology, were examined by trans-rectal Doppler ultrasonography to measure pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI), time average maximum velocity (TAMAX), blood flow volume (BFV) and diameter in the uterine arteries ipsilateral and contralateral to the previously pregnant uterine horn...
March 3, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529476/characterization-of-the-population-with-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-at-risk-of-requiring-intravenous-iron-supplementation
#14
Josep Estadella, Laura Villamarín, Anna Feliu, Josep Perelló, Joaquim Calaf
Iron deficiency anemia is the most frequent cause of anemia world-wide and is a very common disorder in daily medical practice. Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) and pregnancy and delivery can cause significant iron loss leading to severe anemia The aim of the present study was to characterize the population requiring intravenous iron and identify whether gynecological and obstetric iron loss are frequent indications for treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Restrospective, single center study performed in a tertiary level university hospital from January 2014 to December 2016...
May 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528573/the-impact-of-reclassifying-suicides-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-on-maternal-mortality-ratios
#15
K Lommerse, M Knight, M Nair, C Deneux-Tharaux, T van den Akker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475203/venous-thromboembolism-and-route-of-delivery-review-of-the-literature
#16
Matheus Schimidt Evangelista, Karina Slompo, Jorge Rufino Ribas Timi
Venous thromboembolism events are important causes of maternal death during pregnancy and the postpartum period worldwide. A review of the literature with the objective of evaluating venous thromboembolism events in the puerperium according to the route of delivery was performed through a bibliographic survey in the Medline, LILACS and Scielo databases. We observed that patients submitted to cesarean sections present a significantly higher risk of developing venous thromboembolism when compared with those who undergo spontaneous vaginal delivery...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439080/risk-factors-for-difficult-peripheral-venous-cannulation-in-hospitalised-patients-protocol-for-a-multicentre-case-control-study-in-48-units-of-eight-public-hospitals-in-spain
#17
Miguel Angel Rodriguez-Calero, Ismael Fernandez-Fernandez, Luis Javier Molero-Ballester, Catalina Matamalas-Massanet, Luis Moreno-Mejias, Joan Ernest de Pedro-Gomez, Ian Blanco-Mavillard, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio
INTRODUCTION: Patients with difficult venous access experience undesirable effects during healthcare, such as delayed diagnosis and initiation of treatment, stress and pain related to the technique and reduced satisfaction. This study aims to identify risk factors with which to model the appearance of difficulty in achieving peripheral venous puncture in hospital treatment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Case-control study. We will include adult patients requiring peripheral venous cannulation in eight public hospitals, excluding those in emergency situations and women in childbirth or during puerperium...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433369/postpartum-thromboprophylaxis-in-a-multireligious-cohort-a-retrospective-review-of-indications-and-uptake
#18
Hian Yan Voon, Ming Cheng Chai, Ling Yien Hii, Rafaie Amin, Haris Njoo Suharjono
Strategies to prevent mortality from obstetric venous thromboembolism begin with identification, risk stratification and subsequently, implementation of prophylactic measures. We sought to identify the burden of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis in postpartum women, including the main clinical indications and its uptake in a multireligious population, with Islam as the official religion. A total of 2514 deliveries between 1st January to 31st December 2016, across three centres in Malaysia were reviewed retrospectively from hospital-based registries...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419921/the-evolving-contribution-of-non-communicable-diseases-ncds-to-maternal-mortality-in-jamaica-1998-2015-a-population-based-study
#19
Affette M McCaw-Binns, Leroy V Campbell, Simone S Spence
OBJECTIVE: Describe trends in indirect cause-specific pregnancy-related mortality from 1998-2015. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of annual, national cross-sectional database of maternal and late maternal deaths, identified through active surveillance of deaths among women 10-50 years. SETTING: Jamaica, a middle-income Caribbean country. POPULATION: Maternal and late maternal deaths. METHODS: Descriptive trend analyses of demographic and cause-specific maternal and pregnancy-related mortality ratios undertaken comparing the periods 1998-2003, 2004-9 and 2010-15...
February 8, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417043/leukemoid-reaction-in-megaloblastic-anemia-of-the-puerperium-an-unusual-cause
#20
Hans Raj Pahadiya, Manoj Lakhotia, Akanksha Choudhary, Sukhdev Choudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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