Read by QxMD icon Read


Letícia Schwerz Weinert, Angela Jacob Reichelt, Leonardo Rauber Schmitt, Roberta Boff, Maria Lucia Rocha Oppermann, Joiza Lins Camargo, Sandra Pinho Silveiro
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and vitamin D deficiency have been associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes but the consequences of both conditions simultaneously present in pregnancy have not yet been evaluated. Our objective was to study the influence of vitamin D deficiency in neonatal outcomes of pregnancies with GDM. METHODS: 184 pregnant women with GDM referred to specialized prenatal monitoring were included in this cohort and had blood sampled for 25-hydroxyvitamin D measurement...
2016: PloS One
Erik Dosedla, Pavel Calda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the sonographic characteristics of the cesarean section (CS) scar 6 weeks and 6 months after operation. We tested the hypothesis that the dehiscence risk coefficient (DRC) measured 6 weeks and 6 month after CS does not change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 43 primiparous women delivered by CS. The thickness of the myometrium proximal and distal to the CS scar, and the thickness of the CS scar were measured transvaginally...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Zhangmin Tan, Yuzhu Yin, Jin Zhou, Lingling Wu, Chengfang Xu, Hongying Hou
This prospective study evaluated the viability of telbivudine for blocking mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.Pregnant women positive for the hepatitis B surface antigen began telbivudine treatment before 14 weeks of gestation (i.e., early), between 14 and 28 weeks of gestation (late), or not at all (control). In the late-treatment group, 55 women terminated telbivudine therapy within puerperium. All neonates underwent routine hepatitis B immunoglobulin plus vaccination...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andrea G Edlow, Brian L Edlow, Jonathan A Edlow
Acute neurologic symptoms in pregnant and postpartum women may be caused by exacerbation of a preexisting neurologic condition, the initial presentation of a non-pregnancy-related problem, or a new neurologic problem. Pregnant and postpartum patients with headache and neurologic symptoms are often diagnosed with preeclampsia or eclampsia; however, other etiologies must also be considered. A team approach with close communication between emergency physicians, neurologists, maternal-fetal medicine specialists, and radiologists is the key to obtaining best outcomes...
November 2016: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Orkun Cetin, Erbil Karaman, Harun Arslan, Ali Kolusarı, Recep Yıldızhan, Mesut Ozgokce, Abdussamet Batur, Ibrahim Akbudak
PURPOSE: To compare maternal liver elasticity scores by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) elastosonography in healthy and preeclamptic pregnancies and its association with the severity of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two healthy, 33 mild, 33 severe preeclamptic and 28 pregnant women with Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, and Low Platelets (HELLP) syndrome were included into the study. Maternal liver elasticity was measured by ARFI elastosonography at the first day of puerperium...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
X Qi, G Han, X Guo, V De Stefano, K Xu, Z Lu, H Xu, A Mancuso, W Zhang, X Han, D C Valla, D Fan
BACKGROUND: China may have the largest number of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) cases in the world (at least 1914 original papers were published, and at least 20 191 BCS patients were reported). Considering the discrepancy in the clinical profiles and preferred treatment selection of primary BCS between the West and China, understanding its aetiology in these two different regions is very important. AIM: To review the data from large cohort studies and meta-analyses to illustrate the epidemiology of risk factors for BCS in the West and China...
October 13, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Ian Brockington
Donkin psychoses are eclamptic psychoses without seizures. As symptomatic psychoses resulting from cerebral endothelial damage, they may explain the lucid intervals that sometimes occur between eclampsia and the eruption of psychosis. They have the same features as eclamptic psychoses, with onset during pregnancy or the early puerperium, especially in first-time mothers, a short duration and full recovery in most. The clinical picture is usually delirium, but mania is also seen, and some patients have retrograde amnesia or other cognitive defects...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Ava L Liberman, Hooman Kamel, Michael T Mullen, Steven R Messé
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a relatively rare and understudied disease. We sought to determine the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis codes to identify CVT. METHODS: Retrospective chart review using the electronic medical record (EMR) to identify all patients discharged with CVT following admission or emergency department visit from May 1, 2010 to May 1, 2015 at our center. RESULTS: We identified 111 patients with an ICD-9 discharge diagnosis code of 325...
October 2016: Neurohospitalist
Farah H Amro, Hind N Moussa, Olaide A Ashimi, Baha M Sibai
Hypertensive disorders have become increasingly prevalent and complicate an increasing number of pregnancies. Therefore it is essential that the medications used to treat these disorders be well understood. Furthermore the management is complicated by special consideration needed for the physiologic changes of pregnancy as well as the consideration for possible adverse fetal effects. Areas covered: We performed a review of the scientific literature of medications used to treat hypertensive disorders in pregnancy...
October 11, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Florence Mgawadere, Regine Unkels, Adetoro Adegoke, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: Assessing the feasibility of conducting a prospective Reproductive Age Mortality Survey (RAMOS) study in the low-income setting of Mangochi District, Malawi to obtain cotemporaneous estimates of the number, cause of and conditions associated with maternal deaths (MD) in all women of reproductive age (WRA) (n = 207 688). METHODS: MD among all deaths of WRA were identified using the ICD-10 definition. Cause of death and contributing conditions identified by a panel of experts using the classification system for deaths during pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium (ICD-MM)...
September 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
D Xu, S P Cai, J W Xu, C Liang, J He
Objective: To explore the dynamic changes of D-dimers during pregnancy and early puerperium(within 3 days postpartum). Methods: A retrospective study was performed among 8 367 healthy women who had term singleton delivery in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2007 to December 2014. D-dimers concentrations during pregnancy and early puerprium of all the cases were collected. Data of 21 065 D-dimers tests were assigned to 5 groups according to the time of sampling, including early pregnancy(≤12 gestation weeks), middle pregnancy(12-28 gestation weeks), late pregnancy(>28 gestation weeks), 1 postpartum(within 48 hours postpartum)and 2 postpartum(48- 72 hours postpartum)...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Philip Dueppers, Klaus Grabitz, You Li, Hubert Schelzig, Markus Udo Wagenhäuser, Mansur Duran
BACKGROUND: The risk of deep venous thrombosis is elevated during pregnancy and the puerperium. Therapy is usually limited to conservative measures as invasive thrombus removal is feared because of possible complications. However, leg- or life-threatening situations require fast thrombus removal, and the long-term rate of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) may be reduced by venous recanalization. Our center's experience may give support to surgical venous thrombectomy (VT). METHODS: Between 1996 and 2016, all women who received VT for pregnancy-related deep venous thrombosis in our department were included...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Andrea Gerhardt, Rüdiger E Scharf, Ian A Greer, Rainer B Zotz
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of maternal mortality. Few studies have evaluated the individual risk of gestational VTE associated with heritable thrombophilia and current recommendations for antenatal thromboprophylaxis in women with severe thrombophilia such as homozygous factor V Leiden mutation (FVL) depend on a positive family history of VTE. To better stratify thromboprophylaxis in pregnancy, we aimed to estimate the individual probability (absolute risk) of gestational VTE associated with thrombophilia and whether these risk factors are independent of a family history of VTE in first-degree relatives...
September 9, 2016: Blood
Michael F Urban, Leana Olivier, Jacobus G Louw, Chanelle Lombard, Denis L Viljoen, Fiona Scorgie, Matthew F Chersich
BACKGROUND: Mixed ancestry populations in South Africa have amongst the highest rates of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) worldwide. Defining the drinking patterns of women with a FAS child guides FAS preventive interventions. METHODS: Data were drawn from FAS prevalence surveys conducted in three districts: Witzenberg (Cape Winelands), Frances Baard (inland mining town) and Saldanha Bay (coastal towns). 156 mothers and 50 proxy informants of school-entry children diagnosed with FAS and partial-FAS were interviewed, and compared with 55 controls recruited in Saldanha Bay...
September 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Dániel Bereczki, Norbert Szegedi, Zoltán Szakács, István Gubucz, Zsolt May
An estimated 25-40% of ischemic strokes are classified as cryptogenic, which means the cause of the cerebral infarction remains unidentified. One of the potential pathomechanisms - especially among young patients with no cardiovascular risk factors - is paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale. Pregnancy, cesarean delivery and the postpartum period are associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular events. Factors that may contribute to ischemic strokes during gestation and puerperium include classic cardiovascular risk factors, changes in hemostaseology/hemodynamics, and pregnancy-specific disorders such as pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, postpartum cerebral angiopathy or peripartum cardiomyopathy...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Samia Ben Sassi, Nahla Touati, Hela Baccouche, Cyrine Drissi, Neila Ben Romdhane, Fayçal Hentati
OBJECTIVE: Data regarding cerebral venous thrombosis in North Africa are scarce. This study aims to identify the clinical features, risk factors, outcome, and prognosis of cerebral venous thrombosis in Tunisia. METHODS: Data of 160 patients with radiologically confirmed cerebral venous thrombosis, hospitalized in Mongi Ben Hmida National Institute of Neurology (Tunis, Tunisia), were retrospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age was 37...
August 31, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Lalitha Sundararaman, Jennifer Hochman Cohn, J Sudharma Ranasinghe
Maternal complete heart block can pose significant challenges for the anesthesiologist in the antepartum, peripartum, and postpartum periods. Some patients may present for the first time in the puerperium with dizziness, weakness, syncope, or congestive heart failure as a result of the additional hemodynamic burden that accompanies pregnancy. Although there is an increase in permanent pacemaker placement in young symptomatic patients before pregnancy, prophylactic placement of pacemakers in asymptomatic parturients is not always indicated...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Lakha Prasannan, Matthew J Blitz, Jill M Rabin
INTRODUCTION: Acute myocardial infarction (MI) in pregnancy is a rare event, usually occurring late in gestation, either in the third trimester or in the puerperium. It is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Although diagnosis and management of MI in pregnancy has been discussed in the literature, management of pregnancy following an early antepartum MI, which may have more consequences for the fetus, has not received as much attention. CASE: A 38-year-old great grand multiparous woman presented to the emergency department complaining of acute onset chest pain...
July 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
José M Ramos, Héctor Pinargote, Eva M Navarrete-Muñoz, Alejando Salinas, Jaume Santre
Over the last decade, the number of foreign nationals in Spain has increased. Our aim was to report the trends in hospital admissions, differentiating between foreign nationals from high-income countries (HICs) and from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in a public hospital. A retrospective analysis of hospital admissions in patients aged ⩾15years between 2000 and 2012 was performed by means of hospital information systems at a public hospital in the city of Alicante, Spain. During the period of the study, 387,862 patients were admitted: 32,020 (8...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Anca M Panaitescu, Razvan Stoia, Anca M Ciobanu, Mihaela Demetrian, Gheorghe Peltecu
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare but potentially fatal condition. In women with a previous history of TTP there is increased risk of recurrence during pregnancy and the puerperium. There is some evidence that the risk of relapse during pregnancy is increased if the interval between the event and conception is short. We present a case in which pregnancy was achieved a few days after full recovery from an acute episode of severe acquired TTP (ADAMTS13 activity <0.1%) which was successfully treated with four courses of plasma exchange...
August 11, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"