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Caudal epidural

Ji Hee Hong, Jung Hue Oh, Ki Bum Park
BACKGROUND: Thoracic epidural anesthesia is frequently used to maintain intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. Frequently, 3 ml of local anesthetic is used as a test dose, or for intermittent epidural injection. We assessed the extent of the spread of 3 ml of contrast medium in the thoracic epidural space and attempted to identify any correlating factors affecting the epidurography. METHODS: A total of 70 patients were enrolled in the study, and thoracic epidural catheterizations were performed under fluoroscopic guidance...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Yoon-Jung Shon, Jin Huh, Sung-Sik Kang, Seung-Kil Bae, Ryeong-Ah Kang, Duk-Kyung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of saddle, lumbar epidural and caudal blocks on anal sphincter tone using anorectal manometry. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective anorectal surgery with regional anaesthesia were divided randomly into three groups and received a saddle (SD), lumbar epidural (LE), or caudal (CD) block. Anorectal manometry was performed before and 30 min after each regional block. The degree of motor blockade of the anal sphincter was compared using the maximal resting pressure (MRP) and the maximal squeezing pressure (MSP)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
Liza R Smigel, K Dean Reeves, John Lyftogt, David P Rabago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Ritesh Arvind Pandey
INTRODUCTION: Epidural steroid is an important modality in the conservative management of prolapsed lumbar disc and is being used for over 50 years. However, controversy still persists regarding their effectiveness in reducing the pain and improving the function with literature both supporting and opposing them are available. AIM: To study the efficacy of epidural steroid injection in the management of pain due to prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc and to compare the effectiveness between caudal, transforaminal and interlaminar routes of injection...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Yong-Jun Ahn, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Ki Byung Park, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kyung-Min Shin, In-Hyuk Ha
OBJECTIVES: To assess medical care and costs of the 3 highest prevalence lumbar disorders-non-specific low back pain (nLBP), intervertebral disc disorder (IDD) and spinal stenosis (SS)-from national billing data to provide basic information for standards of appropriate management. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of National Health Insurance National Patient Sample data provided by the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA). SETTING: 2011 claims data from all medical institutions which filed billing statements to HIRA...
September 12, 2016: BMJ Open
Taylan Akkaya, Derya Özkan, Hayri Kertmen, Zeki Şekerci
AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare the results of ultrasound- and fluoroscopy-guided caudal epidural steroid injections in postlaminectomy patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Of the 30 postlaminectomy patients who were randomly divided into two groups, Group I (n=15) received ultrasound-guided and Group II (n=15) fluoroscopy-guided caudal epidural local anesthetic and steroid injection, and each patient's time to performed block was recorded. The patients' Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and satisfaction with the therapy during the 3-month follow-up were evaluated...
December 28, 2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Kavita N Manchikanti, Christopher G Gharibo, Alan D Kaye
CONTEXT: Lumbar post-surgery syndrome is common and often results in chronic, persistent pain and disability, which can lead to multiple interventions. After failure of conservative treatment, either surgical treatment or a nonsurgical modality of treatment such as epidural injections, percutaneous adhesiolysis is often contemplated in managing lumbar post surgery syndrome. Recent guidelines and systematic reviews have reached different conclusions about the level of evidence for the efficacy of epidural injections and percutaneous adhesiolysis in managing lumbar post surgery syndrome...
April 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Korgün Ökmen, Burcu Metin Ökmen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Epidural steroid injection is commonly used in patients with chronic low back pain. Applying a mixture of alocal anesthetic (LA) and steroid using the interlaminar (IL), transforaminal (TF), and caudal techniques is a preferred approach. PURPOSE: The present study aims to investigate the efficacy of IL epidural steroid (LES) administration in patients with multi-level lumbar disc pathology (LDP), and to assess the possible correlation of the procedure success with age and body mass index (BMI)...
August 20, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Nitin Sethi, Deepanjali Pant, Amitabh Dutta, Archna Koul, Jayashree Sood, Parul T Chugh
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to compare the efficacy of caudal epidural block (CEB) vs ultrasonography-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for providing postoperative pain relief in children scheduled for lower abdominal surgery. Whereas the primary objective was to compare the duration of postoperative analgesia, the secondary objectives included comparative assessment (TAP vs CEB) of quality of pain relief in the first 24hours postoperatively and rescue analgesia requirements...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Khoa N Nguyen, Heather S Byrd, Jonathan M Tan
AIM: Caudal epidural anesthesia has been shown to reduce stress response and shorten the time to extubation in children after cardiac surgery. Combined with general anesthesia, regional anesthesia has been proven to be safe and efficacious in the pediatric population. It is not known, however, whether the use of caudal anesthesia actually reduces postoperative pain scores and decreases postoperative opioid use. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the charts of 199 children who underwent repair for atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) at a major academic children's hospital between 2010 and 2013...
November 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Mark-Friedrich B Hurdle
As the population ages, more patients are developing degenerative changes of the spine and associated pain. Although interventional procedures for axial and radicular spine pain have been available for decades, common imaging modalities have relied on ionizing radiation for guidance. Over the past decade, ultrasound has become increasingly popular to image both peripheral musculoskeletal and axial structures. This article reviews the use of ultrasound in the guidance of spine procedures, including cervical and lumbar facet injections and medial branch blocks, third occipital nerve blocks, thoracic facet and costotransverse joint injections, sacroiliac joint injections, and caudal and interlaminar epidural injections...
August 2016: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Won Kyoung Kwon, Ah Na Kim, Pil Moo Lee, Cheol Hwan Park, Jae Hun Kim
Background. Caudal epidural steroid injections (CESIs) are an effective treatment for pain. If the injection spreads in a specific pattern depending on the needle position or bevel direction, it would be possible to inject the agent into a specific and desired area. Objectives. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to determine if the needle position and bevel direction have any effect on the epidural spreading pattern in CESI. Methods. Demographic data of the patient were collected. During CESI, the needle position (middle or lateral) and direction (ventral or dorsal) were randomly allocated...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Fukami Nakajima, Satoko Aratani, Hidetoshi Fujita, Kou Nakatani, Koshi Makita, Toshishiro Nakajima
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic pain and tenderness throughout the body. Patients with fibromyalgia are treated with pharmacotherapy and many other therapies. However, because the cause of fibromyalgia is unclear, there is currently no clinically effective treatment method. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a patient who developed fibromyalgia after left femoral neck fracture. After several caudal epidural blocks for lumbar pain, the pain throughout the body and abnormal discomfort in the laryngopharyngeal region reduced...
2016: SpringerPlus
Dae Hyun Kim, Jung Hyun Park, Sang Chul Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to evaluate variations in the sacral hiatus based on ultrasonographic images. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Caudal epidural injection is commonly used for the treatment of lower back pain, but blind injections commonly lead to mistakes made at the injection site due to anatomic variations in the sacral hiatus. METHODS: A total of 339 patients with low back pain or sciatica were studied using a linear-array ultrasound transducer...
July 1, 2016: Spine
Arindam Kumar Hazra, Dipasri Bhattacharya, Sayantan Mukherjee, Santanu Ghosh, Manasij Mitra, Mohanchandra Mandal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Caudal epidural steroid administration is an effective treatment for chronic low back pain (LBP). Fluoroscopy guidance is the gold standard for pain procedures. Ultrasound guidance is recently being used in pain clinic procedures. We compared the fluoroscopy guidance and ultrasound guidance for caudal epidural steroid injection with respect to the time needed for correct placement of the needle and clinical effectiveness in patients with chronic LBP. METHODS: Fifty patients with chronic LBP with radiculopathy, not responding to conventional medical management, were randomly allocated to receive injection depot methyl prednisolone (40 mg) through caudal route either using ultrasound guidance (Group U, n = 25) or fluoroscopy guidance (Group F, n = 25)...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Atsushi Sawada, Yukitoshi Niiyama, Michiaki Yamakage
BACKGROUND: We investigated the efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided caudal epidural block for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy. METHODS: Sixty adult patients (ASA I or II) were enrolled in this study and randomized into two groups: group S receiving spinal block (n = 30) and group C receiving US-guided caudal epidural block (n = 30). We measured systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), and degrees of sensory and motor blockade. Procedural time for regional anesthesia was recorded...
May 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Mustafa Farooque, Michele M Salzman, Zhan Ye
BACKGROUND: As our population ages, neurogenic claudication from central canal stenosis of the lumbar spine is an increasingly common condition. Studies have been done to assess the efficacy of caudal, interlaminar, or unilateral transforaminal epidural injections, but bilateral transforaminal epidural injections have not been evaluated to date. OBJECTIVE: To assess the therapeutic value and long term effects of fluoroscope-guided bilateral transforaminal epidural steroid injections (BTESI) in patients with neurogenic claudication (NC) from degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) of the central spinal canal...
June 9, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Otu Enenyi Etta, Monday Ituen
Bladder exstrophy is a rare congenital malformation. It presents as leakage of urine in the anterior abdominal wall following defects in midline anterior abdominal wall skin and bladder. We report the use of combined general anaesthesia and caudal epidural analgesia in a 4yr old boy for repeat bladder exstrophy repair. Problems of prolonged surgery and the challenges of pain and sedation management in the post operative period are discussed.
September 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Amit Rai, Anjan Trikha, Ashish Kumar, Ravindran Chandran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Neha Baduni, Manoj Kumar Sanwal, Homay Vajifdar, Radhika Agarwala
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Caudal epidural block is the most commonly used neuraxial block in children. Morphine has been used as a caudal additive for more than three decades. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and duration of analgesia of three different doses of caudal epidural morphine (CEM), and to find out the incidence of side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 75 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists grades I and II, aged 2-12 years, undergoing lower abdominal and urogenital surgeries...
April 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
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