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Mid upper arm circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779250/soy-protein-supplement-intake-for-12-months-has-no-effect-on-sexual-maturation-and-may-improve-nutritional-status-in-pre-pubertal-children
#1
Sandra M Duitama, Javier Zurita, Diana Cordoba, Paola Duran, Leopold Ilag, Wilson Mejia
AIM: To evaluate the intake of a soy protein-based supplement (SPS) and its effects on the sexual maturation and nutritional status of prepubertal children who consumed it for a year. METHODS: Healthy children (n = 51) were recruited and randomly assigned to consume the lunch fruit juice with (n = 29) or without (n = 22) addition of 45 g of a commercial soy protein-based supplement (SPS) over 12 months. Nutritional assessment including anthropometry (bodyweight, height, triceps skinfold thickness, mid-upper arm circumference), body mass index (BMI), upper arm muscle area, arm muscle circumference, upper arm area, upper arm fat area data were derived from measures using usual procedures; age and gender-specific percentiles were used as reference...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759796/factors-associated-with-anthropometric-indicators-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-hemodialysis-and-after-kidney-transplant
#2
Julieta García De Alba Verduzco, Erika Fabiola Hurtado López, Consuelo Pontón Vázquez, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Enrique Romero Velarde, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to demonstrate that there are differences in the factors associated with anthropometric indicators of nutritional status, with particular emphasis on arm indicators, in children with end-stage kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and after kidney transplant (KT). METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study of consecutive cases included 130 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease undergoing substitutive treatment: 49 patients who underwent KT, 33 undergoing PD, and 47 undergoing HD...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743327/mid-upper-arm-circumference-calf-circumference-and-mortality-in-chinese-long-term-care-facility-residents-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Chien-Hsiang Weng, Chia-Ping Tien, Chia-Ing Li, Abby L'Heureux, Chiu-Shong Liu, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Shih-Wei Lai, Ming-May Lai, Wen-Yuan Lin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), calf circumference (CC) and all-cause mortality in a Chinese population. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Eight long-term care facilities in central Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 329 residents age 60 years and older (median 79.0 years, range 60-101; 139 men, 190 women) were enrolled. METHODS: Anthropometrics and metabolic parameters were measured at the time of enrolment to the study...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728285/comparison-of-bedside-screening-methods-for-frailty-assessment-in-older-adult-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Sachita P Shah, Kevin Penn, Stephen J Kaplan, Michael Vrablik, Karl Jablonowski, Tam N Pham, May J Reed
BACKGROUND: Frailty is linked to poor outcomes in older patients. We prospectively compared the utility of the picture-based Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS9), clinical assessments, and ultrasound muscle measurements against the reference FRAIL scale in older adult trauma patients in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample of adults 65 yrs. or older with blunt trauma and injury severity scores <9. We queried subjects (or surrogates) on the FRAIL scale, and compared this to: physician-based and subject/surrogate-based CFS9; mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and grip strength; and ultrasound (US) measures of muscle thickness (limbs and abdominal wall)...
April 14, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713463/zinc-as-an-adjunct-therapy-in-the-management-of-severe-pneumonia-among-gambian-children-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stephen Howie, Christian Bottomley, Osaretin Chimah, Readon Ideh, Bernard Ebruke, Uduak Okomo, Charles Onyeama, Simon Donkor, Onike Rodrigues, Mary Tapgun, Marie Janneh, Claire Oluwalana, Bankole Kuti, Godwin Enwere, Pamela Esangbedo, Conor Doherty, Grant Mackenzie, Brian Greenwood, Tumani Corrah, Andrew Prentice, Richard Adegbola, Syed Zaman
Background: The benefit of zinc as an adjunct therapy for severe pneumonia is not established. We assessed the benefit of adjunct zinc therapy for severe pneumonia in children and determined whether the study children were zinc deficient. Methods: This was a randomized, parallel group, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with an allocation ratio of 1:1 conducted in children with severe pneumonia to evaluate the efficacy of daily zinc as an adjunct treatment in preventing 'treatment failure' (presence of any sign of severe pneumonia) on day-5 and day-10 and in reducing the time to resolution of signs of severe pneumonia...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709346/a-link-between-nutritional-and-growth-states-in-pediatric-patients-with-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#6
Katarzyna Pawłowska, Wioleta Umławska, Barbara Iwańczak
OBJECTIVE: To investigate nutritional status and growth status of pediatric patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and to examine the relationship between nutritional status and linear growth in these children. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 102 pediatric patients diagnosed with functional constipation (FC), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or functional abdominal pain (FAP) in years 2013-2015 were subjected to anthropometric measurements. Anthropometry comprised body height, leg and trunk lengths, body weight, mid-upper arm circumference, and 3 skinfold thicknesses...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690916/combined-protocol-for-acute-malnutrition-study-compas-in-rural-south-sudan-and-urban-kenya-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jeanette Bailey, Natasha Lelijveld, Bethany Marron, Pamela Onyoo, Lara S Ho, Mark Manary, André Briend, Charles Opondo, Marko Kerac
BACKGROUND: Acute malnutrition is a continuum condition, but severe and moderate forms are treated separately, with different protocols and therapeutic products, managed by separate United Nations agencies. The Combined Protocol for Acute Malnutrition Study (ComPAS) aims to simplify and unify the treatment of uncomplicated severe and moderate acute malnutrition (SAM and MAM) for children 6-59 months into one protocol in order to improve the global coverage, quality, continuity of care and cost-effectiveness of acute malnutrition treatment in resource-constrained settings...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679223/association-between-lepr-fto-mc4r-and-pparg-2-polymorphisms-with-obesity-traits-and-metabolic-phenotypes-in-school-aged-children
#8
Sílvia M Almeida, José M Furtado, Paulo Mascarenhas, Maria E Ferraz, José C Ferreira, Mariana P Monteiro, Manuel Vilanova, Fernando P Ferraz
PURPOSE: Evaluate the relationship of leptin receptor (LEPR) rs1137101, fat mass obesity-associated (FTO) receptors 9939609, melanocortin-4 receptors (MC4R) rs2229616 and rs17782313, and proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARG) rs1801282 with clinical and metabolic phenotypes in prepubertal children. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the effect of polymorphisms on clinical and metabolic phenotypes in prepubertal children? METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed to evaluate anthropometric features, percentage body fat (%BF), biochemical parameters, and genotype in 773 prepubertal children...
April 20, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673331/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-preterm-birth-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#9
Peter Wagura, Aggrey Wasunna, Ahmed Laving, Dalton Wamalwa, Paul Ng'ang'a
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5-18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About a third of neonatal deaths are directly attributed to prematurity and this has hindered the achievement of Millennium Development Goal-4 target. Locally, few studies have looked at the prevalence of preterm delivery and factors associated with it. This study determined the prevalence of preterm birth and the factors associated with preterm delivery at Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
April 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667569/ethnic-and-age-differences-in-prediction-of-mortality-by-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-children-below-3-years-of-age-in-nepal
#10
Avni Gupta, James M Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C LeClerq, Luke C Mullany, Joanne Katz
OBJECTIVE: To assess ethnicity- and age-modified associations between mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and mortality in Nepalese children and whether sociodemographic factors explain these associations. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of children followed until 3 years of age. Estimated mortality hazard ratios (HR) for MUAC<11·5cm (recommended cut-off for identifying severe acute malnutrition among children ≥6 months old) compared with ≥11·5cm in younger (<6 months) and older children (≥6 months) of Pahadi and Madhesi ethnicity, adjusting for sex, socio-economic status (SES) and mother's education using Cox proportional hazard models...
April 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657713/mid-upper-arm-circumference-based-case-detection-admission-and-discharging-of-under-five-children-in-a-large-scale-community-based-management-of-acute-malnutrition-program-in-nigeria
#11
Stanley Chitekwe, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Assaye Tolla, Mark Myatt
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) threatens the lives of millions of children worldwide particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) is an approach to treating large numbers of cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in a community setting. There is a debate about the use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for admitting and discharging SAM children. This article describes the experience of using MUAC for screening, case-finding, referral, admission, and discharge in a large-scale CMAM program delivered through existing primary health care facilities in Nigeria...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649306/single-camera-multi-view-anthropometric-measurement-of-human-height-and-mid-upper-arm-circumference-using-linear-regression
#12
Yingying Liu, Arcot Sowmya, Heba Khamis
BACKGROUND: Manually measured anthropometric quantities are used in many applications including human malnutrition assessment. Training is required to collect anthropometric measurements manually, which is not ideal in resource-constrained environments. Photogrammetric methods have been gaining attention in recent years, due to the availability and affordability of digital cameras. OBJECTIVE: The primary goal is to demonstrate that height and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC)-indicators of malnutrition-can be accurately estimated by applying linear regression to distance measurements from photographs of participants taken from five views, and determine the optimal view combinations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626015/the-prediction-of-in-hospital-mortality-by-mid-upper-arm-circumference-a-prospective-observational-study-of-the-association-between-mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-the-outcome-of-acutely-ill-medical-patients-admitted-to-a-resource-poor-hospital-in-sub-saharan
#13
Martin Otyek Opio, Teopista Namujwiga, Imaculate Nakitende, John Kellett, Mikkel Brabrand
There are few reports of the association of nutritional status with in-hospital mortality of acutely ill medical patients in sub-Saharan Africa. This is a prospective observational study comparing the predictive value of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) of 899 acutely ill medical patients admitted to a resource-poor sub-Saharan hospital with mental alertness, mobility and vital signs. Mid-upper arm circumference ranged from 15 cm to 42 cm, and 12 (24%) of the 50 patients with a MUAC less than 20 cm died (OR 4...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616236/effects-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-child-development-in-rural-kenya-wash-benefits-kenya-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Christine P Stewart, Patricia Kariger, Lia Fernald, Amy J Pickering, Charles D Arnold, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Holly N Dentz, Audrie Lin, Theodora J Meerkerk, Erin Milner, Jenna Swarthout, John M Colford, Clair Null
Background: Poor nutrition and infectious diseases can prevent children from reaching their developmental potential. We aimed to assess the effects of improvements in water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition on early child development in rural Kenya. Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we enrolled pregnant women in their second or third trimester from three counties (Kakamega, Bungoma, and Vihiga) in Kenya's western region, with an average of 12 households per cluster...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615143/recovery-and-relapse-from-severe-acute-malnutrition-after-treatment-a-prospective-observational-cohort-trial-in-pakistan
#15
Nancy M Dale, Laila Salim, Lindsey Lenters, Salim Sadruddin, Mark Myatt, Stanley H Zlotkin
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in low- and middle- income countries. Much is known about the effectiveness of community treatment programmes (CMAM) but little is known about post-discharge outcomes after successful treatment. The present study aimed to evaluate post-discharge outcomes of children cured of SAM. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study. Children with SAM who were discharged as cured were followed monthly for 6 months or until they experienced relapse to SAM...
April 4, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600354/nutritional-profile-of-patients-with-chronic-inflammatory-diseases-in-the-age-of-biologicals
#16
Gabriela Piovezani Ramos, Thelma Skare, Odery Ramos Junior, Estela Rabito, Elise O Tanaami, Alessandra M Stefani, Renato Nisihara
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) has an important role in the body composition of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Crohn's disease (CD), and spondyloarthritis (SpA). We aimed to assess the nutritional profile of patients with RA, CD, and SpA undergoing remission with multiple therapies comparing to controls and to analyze the effect of anti-TNFα medications in the nutritional parameters of these patients. One hundred thirty-one patients were included: 44 with RA, 43 with CD, and 44 with SpA. Patients receiving anti-TNFα were compared with those receiving non-biological treatment as well as to controls...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579204/dietary-diversity-and-nutritional-status-among-children-in-rural-burkina-faso
#17
Ali Sié, Charlemagne Tapsoba, Clarisse Dah, Lucienne Ouermi, Pascal Zabre, Till Bärnighausen, Ahmed M Arzika, Elodie Lebas, Blake M Snyder, Caitlin Moe, Jeremy D Keenan, Catherine E Oldenburg
Background: Burkina Faso has a seasonal malnutrition pattern, with higher malnutrition prevalence during the rainy season when crop yields are low. We investigated the association between dietary diversity and nutritional status among children aged 6-59 mo during the low crop yield season in rural Burkina Faso to assess the role of dietary diversity during the lean season on childhood nutritional status. Methods: Caregivers reported the dietary diversity of the past 7 d, consisting of 11 food groups, summed into a scale...
March 22, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565146/stunting-wasting-and-mid-upper-arm-circumference-status-among-children-admitted-to-nemazee-teaching-hospital
#18
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Masoomeh Heidary, Naser Honar, Maryam Ataollahi, Homa Ilkanipour, Hossein Moravej
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritional status in children without prior hospital admission or evidence of chronic disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The current study is a cross-sectional and observational study which was conducted for assessing the nutritional status of children. In this study, consecutive sampling was used, with a sample size about 400 children aged 6 months to 18 years at first hospital admission. All subjects were hospitalized consecutively in the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Nemazee Teaching Hospital of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550764/reliability-of-anthropometric-measurements-in-children-with-special-needs
#19
Jane Hardy, Hayley Kuter, Malcolm Campbell, Dexter Canoy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of anthropometric and body composition measurements in children with special needs. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Specialist support schools (primary and secondary) in Manchester, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 53 children with moderate-to-severe learning disability; 30 non-standers (14 boys) and 23 standers (15 boys). Mean ages were 11 years (range 3-20) for non-standers and 12.4 years (range 8-19) for standers...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505479/pneumonia-in-hiv-exposed-and-infected-children-and-association-with-malnutrition
#20
Pui-Ying Iroh Tam, Matthew O Wiens, Jerome Kabakyenga, Julius Kiwanuka, Elias Kumbakumba, Peter P Moschovis
We evaluated the association between HIV exposed-uninfected (HEU) status, malnutrition, and risk of death in Ugandan children hospitalized with pneumonia. Both HIV exposure and infection were associated with lower anthropometric indices on univariate analysis, and mid-upper arm circumference was significantly associated with overall mortality (OR 0.96) in a multivariable model. HIV infection (OR 5.0) but not HEU status was associated with overall mortality. Malnutrition may contribute to poor pneumonia outcomes among HIV-infected and HEU children requiring hospitalization...
March 2, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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