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Mid upper arm circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445440/micronutrient-status-among-pregnant-women-in-zinder-niger-and-risk-factors-associated-with-deficiency
#1
K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Rebecca R Young, M Thierno Faye, Alex Brito, Sonja Y Hess
Anemia and micronutrient (MN) deficiencies in pregnant women are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Niger, 58.6% of pregnant women are anemic; however, MN statuses are unknown. The study objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MN deficiencies among pregnant women in Zinder, Niger and explore associated risk factors. Pregnant women living in randomly selected rural villages (n = 88) were included. Capillary and venous blood samples (n = 770) were analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc (pZn), retinol binding protein (RBP), folate and vitamin B12...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443698/impact-of-maternal-nutritional-supplementation-in-conjunction-with-a-breastfeeding-support-program-on-breastfeeding-performance-birth-and-growth-outcomes-in-a-vietnamese-population
#2
Dieu T T Huynh, Nga T Tran, Lam T Nguyen, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal nutritional supplementation (MNS) in conjunction with a breastfeeding support program on birth outcomes and breastfeeding performance. METHODS: A total of 228 singleton Vietnamese mothers aged 20 to 35 years at 26 to 29 weeks of gestation with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) <25.0 kg/m(2) were randomized to the intervention (n = 114), receiving MNS (252 kcal/day) daily up to 12 weeks postpartum and 4 breastfeeding education and support sessions or to the control (n = 114), receiving standards of care...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441944/effects-of-unconditional-cash-transfers-on-the-outcome-of-treatment-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#3
Emmanuel Grellety, Pélagie Babakazo, Amina Bangana, Gustave Mwamba, Ines Lezama, Noël Marie Zagre, Eric-Alain Ategbo
BACKGROUND: Cash transfer programs (CTPs) aim to strengthen financial security for vulnerable households. This potentially enables improvements in diet, hygiene, health service access and investment in food production or income generation. The effect of CTPs on the outcome of children already severely malnourished is not well delineated. The objective of this study was to test whether CTPs will improve the outcome of children treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over 6 months...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433345/the-effect-of-pre-existing-malnutrition-on-pediatric-burn-mortality-in-a-sub-saharan-african-burn-unit
#4
Joanna Grudziak, Carolyn Snock, Stephen Mjuweni, Jared Gallaher, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status predicts burn outcomes in the developed world, but its effect on burn mortality in the developing world has not been widely studied. In sub Saharan Africa, burn is primarily a disease of children, and the majority of children in sub-Saharan Africa are malnourished. We therefore sought to determine the prevalence and effect of malnutrition on burn mortality at our institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of children aged 0-5, with anthropomorphic measurements available, who were admitted to our burn unit from July 2011 to May 2016...
April 19, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424063/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-early-detection-of-patients-at-nutrition-risk-during-their-hospital-stay-through-the-new-screening-method-cipa-a-study-protocol
#5
José Pablo Suárez-Llanos, Néstor Benítez-Brito, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Irina Delgado-Brito, Adriá Rosat-Rodrigo, Carolina Hernández-Carballo, Yolanda Ramallo-Fariña, Francisca Pereyra-García-Castro, Juan Carlos-Romero, Nieves Felipe-Pérez, Jennifer García-Niebla, Eduardo Mauricio Calderón-Ledezma, Teresa de Jesús González-Melián, Ignacio Llorente-Gómez de Segura, Manuel Ángel Barrera-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in hospitalized patients and results in a worsened clinical course as well as an increased length of stay, mortality, and costs. Therefore, simple nutrition screening systems, such as CIPA (control of food intake, protein, anthropometry), may be implemented to facilitate the patient's recovery process. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of implementing such screening tool in a tertiary hospital, consistent with the lack of similar, published studies on any hospital nutrition screening system...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421784/assessment-of-anthropometric-indicators-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-according-to-the-type-of-motor-dysfunction-and-reference-standard
#6
Jorge Abraham García Iñiguez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Andrea García Contreras, Enrique Romero-Velarde, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán
AIM: The study aimed to demonstrate that the assessment of the anthropomorphic measurements of children with cerebral palsy (CP) varies according to the type of motor dysfunction and references standard used for comparison. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 108 children 2 to 16 years were classified according to the type of motor dysfunction by gender and age group. Weight, mid-upper-arm-circumference (MUAC), and alternative measures for height were performed...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390845/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-adult-patients-previously-treated-with%C3%A2-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
Thibault Brotelle, Richard Lemal, Aurélie Cabrespine, Cécile Combal, Eric Hermet, Aurélie Ravinet, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Corinne Bouteloup
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and is a well-known prognostic factor for survival. The nutritional status of patients in a long term after allo-HSCT is less well documented. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in adult patients who underwent allo-HSCT more than one year ago. Secondary objectives were to assess body composition, muscle strength, and factors associated with malnutrition...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378463/quality-of-care-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-a-rural-area-of-mali
#8
Jose Luis Alvarez Morán, Franck G B Alé, Eleanor Rogers, Saul Guerrero
An alternative Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition model with community health workers (CHWs) delivering treatment for uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) was piloted in Mali. The capacity of the CHWs to evaluate, classify, and treat cases of uncomplicated SAM, to provide nutritional counselling to caretakers of children receiving treatment for SAM, malaria, pneumonia or diarrhoea and to correctly refer cases of complicated SAM, was assessed. This was done using direct observation by trained enumerators of the management of SAM cases using checklists, re-diagnosing the cases admitted for treatment and reviewing admissions cards and registers...
April 5, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374648/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-ready-to-use-supplementary-foods-demonstrates-benefit-of-the-higher-dairy-supplement-for-reduced-wasting-in-mothers-and-differential-impact-in-infants-and-children-associated-with-maternal-supplement-response
#9
Nina Schlossman, Carrie Brown, Payal Batra, Augusto Braima de Sa, Ionela Balan, Adrian Balan, Madeleine G Gamache, Lauren Wood, William Pruzensky, Edward Saltzman, Susan B Roberts, Carlito Balé
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus over best approaches to reliably prevent malnutrition in rural communities in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effectiveness of 2 lipid-based ready-to-use supplementary foods (RUSFs) differing in dairy protein content to improve the nutritional status of mothers and at-risk infants and young children in rural Guinea-Bissau. METHODS: A 3-month cluster-randomized controlled pilot trial of 2 RUSFs was conducted with 692 mothers and 580 mildly or moderately malnourished infants (6-23 months) and children (24-59 months) from 13 villages...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330630/the-prevalence-of-undernutrition-upon-hospitalization-in-children-in-a-developing-country-a-single-hospital-study-from-malaysia
#10
Way-Seah Lee, Zulfadly Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Undernourished children who require hospital care have a longer duration of hospitalization and respond poorly to modern medical therapy. The objective of the present study was to ascertain the nutritional status of children admitted to a pediatric tertiary center in Malaysia and the risk factors leading to undernutrition upon admission. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, hospital-based study, anthropometric measurements [weight, length/height, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness were performed in 285 children aged from 3 months to 15 years who were admitted to University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur in November 2013...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317139/mortality-after-inpatient-treatment-for-severe-pneumonia-in-children-a-cohort-study
#11
Moses M Ngari, Greg Fegan, Martha K Mwangome, Mwanajuma J Ngama, Neema Mturi, John Anthony Gerard Scott, Evasius Bauni, David James Nokes, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Although pneumonia is a leading cause of inpatient mortality, deaths may also occur after discharge from hospital. However, prior studies have been small, in selected groups or did not fully evaluate risk factors, particularly malnutrition and HIV. We determined 1-year post-discharge mortality and risk factors among children diagnosed with severe pneumonia. METHODS: A cohort study of children aged 1-59 months admitted to Kilifi County Hospital with severe pneumonia (2007-12)...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288591/correlates-of-thymus-size-and-changes-during-treatment-of-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-cohort-study
#12
Maren Johanne Heilskov Rytter, Hanifa Namusoke, Christian Ritz, Kim F Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis, Dorthe Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: The impairment of immune functions associated with malnutrition may be one reason for the high mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and thymus atrophy has been proposed as a marker of this immunodeficiency. The aim of this study was to identify nutritional and clinical correlates of thymus size in children with SAM, and predictors of change in thymus size with nutritional rehabilitation. METHODS: In an observational study among children aged 6-59 months admitted with SAM in Uganda, we measured thymus area by ultrasound on hospital admission to treatment with F75 and F100, on hospital discharge and after 8 weeks of nutritional rehabilitation with ready-to-use therapeutic food, as well as in well-nourished healthy children...
March 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287482/comparison-of-mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-weight-for-height-to-diagnose-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-study-in-southern-ethiopia
#13
Amare Worku Tadesse, Elazar Tadesse, Yemane Berhane, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
Weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) are two independent anthropometric indicators for diagnosing and admitting children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for treatment. While severely wasted children are at high risk of mortality, MUAC and WHZ do not always identify the same population of children as having SAM. Understanding how this discrepancy relates to age and sex may provide valuable information for care programmes for children with SAM. Age and sex distribution for differences between children identified as SAM by MUAC and WHZ were examined and the degree of agreement calculated...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240375/assessing-the-growth-of-preterm-infants-using-detailed-anthropometry
#14
James J Ashton, Mark J Johnson, Jenny Pond, Philippa Crowley, Borislav D Dimitrov, Freya Pearson, R Mark Beattie
AIM: Preterm infants display altered body composition compared to term infants, and weight gain is a crude indicator body composition. Childhood mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is a measure of nutritional status. This study investigates MUAC and mid-thigh circumference (MTC) to monitor growth in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants (<30-week gestation) were recruited. MUAC, MTC, weight, length and head circumference (HC) were measured at recruitment and weekly intervals until discharge...
February 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215492/dietary-intake-nutritional-status-and-body-composition-in-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis
#15
Consuelo Pontón-Vázquez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Erika Fabiola Hurtado-López, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Germán Patiño García, Enrique Romero-Velarde
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aimed to demonstrate that dietary intake, anthropometric indicators, and body composition in children with end-stage kidney disease differs between those on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and those on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and consecutive study that included 55 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease who were undergoing replacement therapy (22 PD patients and 33 HD patients). Two 24-hour dietary recall surveys were conducted for each patient...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208962/the-effect-of-nutritional-status-on-outcome-of-hospitalization-in-paediatric-liver-disease-patients
#16
Yasmeen Mansi, Shereen Abdel Ghaffar, Shaymaa Sayed, Hanaa El-Karaksy
INTRODUCTION: Liver is an important organ for metabolism. It has a major role in integrating the various biochemical pathways of metabolism. Thus, children with chronic liver disease are at high risk for developing undernutrition, with important prognostic implications. AIM: To evaluate the nutritional status of hospitalized paediatric liver disease patients and its effect on outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analysed the nutritional status of 59 consecutive patients during their first 24 hours of admission, at the Hepatology Unit, using the following indices: weight/age, height/age, weight/height, Body Mass Index (BMI), arm circumference and triceps skinfold, subcapular skinfold, and mid upper arm circumference...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198916/relationship-between-nutritional-status-and-the-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-and-without-neoplasms-according-to-multiple-correspondence-analysis
#17
Vânia Aparecida Leandro-Merhi, José Luiz Braga de Aquino
BACKGROUND: For many years, many studies have reported undesirable outcomes that may occur during the hospital stay of patients diagnosed with malnutrition or even at some nutritional risk. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between nutritional status and clinical outcomes during hospital stay using the multiple correspondence analysis technique. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 600 patients with and without neoplasms. The following data were collected: subjective global assessment, nutritional indicators, nutritional risk screening, anthropometric data (body mass index (BMI), mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), mid-upper arm muscle circumference (MUAMC), triceps skinfold thickness (TST), recent weight loss (RWL)), and habitual energy intake (HEI/ER <75%)...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191907/anthropometric-parameters-and-the-incidence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-older-people-the-pro-v-a-study
#18
Caterina Trevisan, Stefania Maggi, Chiara Curreri, Giovanni Nante, Marianna Noale, Marina De Rui, Egle Perissinotto, Leonardo Sartori, Sabina Zambon, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been associated with body size and central obesity, but the impact of different anthropometric measures in this relationship has been inadequately investigated. HYPOTHESIS: In this study, we examined the association between baseline anthropometric parameters with the incidence of AF in older people, hypothesizing that body size could impact the onset of AF more than fat distribution. METHODS: Our study included 1764 participants with a mean age of 74...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191881/assessment-of-child-anthropometry-in-a-large-epidemiologic-study
#19
Amy L Louer, Denise N Simon, Karen M Switkowski, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Emily Oken
A high proportion of children have overweight and obesity in the United States and other countries. Accurate assessment of anthropometry is essential to understand health effects of child growth and adiposity. Gold standard methods of measuring adiposity, such as dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), may not be feasible in large field studies. Research staff can, however, complete anthropometric measurements, such as body circumferences and skinfold measurements, using inexpensive portable equipment. In this protocol we detail how to obtain manual anthropometric measurements from children, including standing and sitting height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and subscapular skinfold thickness, and procedures to assess the quality of these measurements...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185414/severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-aged-under-5%C3%A2-years-can-be-successfully-managed-in-a-non-emergency-routine-community-healthcare-setting-in-ghana
#20
Robert Akparibo, Janet Harris, Lindsay Blank, Mike J Campbell, Michelle Holdsworth
This study investigated the performance of community-based management of severe acute malnutrition (CMAM) within routine healthcare services in Ghana. This was a retrospective cohort study of n = 488 children (6-59 months) who had received CMAM. Data for recovery, default, and mortality rates were obtained from enrolment cards in 56 outpatient centres in Upper East region, Ghana. Satisfactory rates of recovery of 71.8% were reported. Children who were enrolled with higher mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) ≥11...
February 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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