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Mid upper arm circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079246/is-total-lymphocyte-count-related-to-nutritional-markers-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#1
Vânia Aparecida Leandro-Merhi, Vitória Negri Bráz, José Luis Braga de Aquino
BACKGROUND: - Older patients are commonly malnourished during hospital stay, and a high prevalence of malnutrition is found in hospitalized patients aged more than 65 years. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate whether total lymphocyte count is related to other nutritional markers in hospitalized older adults. METHODS: - Hospitalized older adults (N=131) were recruited for a cross-sectional study. Their nutritional status was assessed by the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS), anthropometry, and total lymphocyte count...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050422/yoga-practice-for-reducing-the-male-obesity-and-weight-related-psychological-difficulties-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya, Ram Nidhi
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a health disorder and increasing all over the world. It is also a cause for many non-communicable diseases. Yoga practice reduces the stress level which may improve the eating habits and help in weight reduction. AIM: To assess the final outcome of the effects after 3 months of the 14 weeks yoga training on obesity of adult male in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups (Yoga and Control groups) on male obese...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030608/predicting-hospitalised-paediatric-pneumonia-mortality-risk-an-external-validation-of-risc-and-mrisc-and-local-tool-development-risc-malawi-from-malawi
#3
Shubhada Hooli, Tim Colbourn, Norman Lufesi, Anthony Costello, Bejoy Nambiar, Satid Thammasitboon, Charles Makwenda, Charles Mwansambo, Eric D McCollum, Carina King
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of under-5 mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical prediction tools may aide case classification, triage, and allocation of hospital resources. We performed an external validation of two published prediction tools and compared this to a locally developed tool to identify children admitted with pneumonia at increased risk for in-hospital mortality in Malawi. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the performance of the Respiratory Index of Severity in Children (RISC) and modified RISC (mRISC) scores in a child pneumonia dataset prospectively collected during routine care at seven hospitals in Malawi between 2011-2014...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027433/nutritional-status-of-children-with-wilms-tumour-on-admission-to-a-south-african-hospital-and-its-influence-on-outcome
#4
Lauren F Lifson, G P Hadley, Nicola L Wiles, Kirthee Pillay
BACKGROUND: In developing countries up to 77% of children with cancer have been shown to be malnourished on admission. High rates of malnutrition occur due to factors such as poverty and advanced disease. Weight can be an inaccurate parameter for nutritional assessment of children with solid tumours as it is influenced by tumour mass. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition amongst children with Wilms tumour (WT), the level of nutritional support received on admission and the influence of nutritional status on outcome...
December 27, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003040/nutritional-and-microbiological-quality-of-commercial-and-homemade-blenderized-whole-food-enteral-diets-for-home-based-enteral-nutritional-therapy-in-adults
#5
Maricy Machado Cavalca Vieira, Valdirene Francisca Neves Santos, Andrea Bottoni, Tania Beninga Morais
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Serious nutritional and contamination risks may be involved in the preparation of blenderized tube-feeding diets and in the handling of commercial diets. Their nutritional and microbiological quality in home settings is unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional and microbiological quality of commercial enteral and homemade blenderized whole foods diets intended to adult patients in home nutritional therapy. METHODS: In a cross sectional study, 66 samples of commercial (CD) and noncommercial (NCD) enteral diets were collected at the homes of patients in home enteral nutritional therapy, 33 of each type...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999846/comparison-of-nutritional-status-in-the-elderly-according-to-living-situations
#6
O Kucukerdonmez, S Navruz Varli, E Koksal
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of elderly individuals living alone and with their families. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD: The sample of the study included 872 elderly individuals who agreed to participate in the study, were aged 65 or over, and lived in Ankara. The data were gathered from a survey, using face-to-face interviews. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was used in evaluating each individual's nutrition. RESULTS: The rate of malnutrition in the study population was 5% while the malnutrition risk was 67%...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997571/assessing-the-impact-of-u-s-food-assistance-delivery-policies-on-child-mortality-in-northern-kenya
#7
Alex Nikulkov, Christopher B Barrett, Andrew G Mude, Lawrence M Wein
The U.S. is the main country in the world that delivers its food assistance primarily via transoceanic shipments of commodity-based in-kind food. This approach is costlier and less timely than cash-based assistance, which includes cash transfers, food vouchers, and local and regional procurement, where food is bought in or nearby the recipient country. The U.S.'s approach is exacerbated by a requirement that half of its transoceanic food shipments need to be sent on U.S.-flag vessels. We estimate the effect of these U...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941722/serum-zinc-copper-magnesium-phosphorus-level-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam
#8
B Chowdhury, M A Hoque, M A Hossain, A M Chowdhury, M N Islam, M A Khaleque, M A Ali, M R Khan, R K Bhuiyan, M M Hasan, M Akhtaruzzaman, H Akhter
Malnutrition is widely prevalent among hospitalized children in most developing countries including Bangladesh. Though malnutrition accounts for the high rate of under 5 mortality sometimes it is overlooked. Keeping in this in mind A comparative cross sectional study was done in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital from 1st October 2009 to 31st May 2011. Children aged 1-5 years with presence of one or more criteria WHM <70%, WHZ-score <-3SD, Bipedal edema & Mid upper arm circumference <110mm were taken as study group and children aged 1-5 years with normal growth allowable normal range of variation is between 3rd and 97th centile curve or median (50th centile) ±2SD of weight for age growth chart (CDC growth chart, USA, 2000) were taken as reference group...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914849/age-related-variations-of-muscle-mass-strength-and-physical-performance-in-community-dwellers-results-from-the-milan-expo-survey
#9
Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Anna Maria Martone, Domenico Fusco, Alex Sisto, Elena Ortolani, Giulia Savera, Sara Salini, Emanuele Marzetti
OBJECTIVES: Declining muscle mass and function are hallmarks of the aging process. The preservation of muscle trophism may protect against various negative health outcomes. Age- and sex-specific curves of muscle mass, strength, and function, using data from a large sample of community-dwelling people, are necessary. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two surveys (Longevity Check-up and Very Important Protein [VIP]), conducted during EXPO 2015 in Milan, consisted of a population assessment aimed at evaluating the prevalence of specific health metrics in subjects outside of a research setting (n = 3206), with a special focus on muscle mass, strength, and function...
January 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912735/the-effect-of-early-measles-vaccination-at-4-5%C3%A2-months-of-age-on-growth-at-9-and-24%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-a-randomized-trial-in-guinea-bissau
#10
S M Rasmussen, S Biering-Sørensen, S Byberg, A Andersen, M Bjerregaard-Andersen, A Rodrigues, C S Benn, C L Martins, P Aaby
BACKGROUND: Providing an early, additional measles vaccine (MV) at 4.5 months of age has been shown to reduce child mortality in low-income countries. We studied the effects on growth at 9 and 24 months of age. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in Guinea-Bissau from 2003-2007 including 6,648 children. Children were randomized 1:1:1 to receive Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine at 4.5 and 9 months of age (group A), no vaccine at 4.5 months and Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine at 9 months (group B), or no vaccine at 4...
December 3, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908845/design-response-rates-and-population-characteristics-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-zanzibar-tanzania
#11
Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Ali Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
BACKGROUND: Data on nutritional status and correlates of noncommunicable diseases are scarce for resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan countries. With the scope of a project, "Access to Food and Nutrition Status of the Zanzibari Population," data for investigating public health questions were collected using proven measurement and laboratory standards. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at providing a descriptive overview of recruitment approaches, standardization, quality control measures, and data collection, with special attention to the design, responses, and participant characteristics of the overall project...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907834/effects-of-drought-on-child-health-in-marsabit-district-northern-kenya
#12
Jan M Bauer, Samuel Mburu
This study uses five years of panel data (2009-2013) for Northern Kenya's Marsabit district to analyze the levels and extent of malnutrition among children aged five and under in that area. We measure drought based on the standardized normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and assess its effect on child health using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). The results show that approximately 20 percent of the children in the study area are malnourished and a one standard deviation increase in NDVI z-score decreases the probability of child malnourishment by 12-16 percent...
November 17, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906964/undernutrition-vitamin-a-and-iron-deficiency-are-associated-with-impaired-intestinal-mucosal-permeability-in-young-bangladeshi-children-assessed-by-lactulose-mannitol-test
#13
Md Iqbal Hossain, Rashidul Haque, Dinesh Mondal, Mustafa Mahfuz, Am Shamsir Ahmed, M Munirul Islam, Richard L Guerrant, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Lactulose/mannitol (L:M) test has been used as a non-invasive marker of intestinal mucosal -integrity and -permeability (enteropathy). We investigated the association of enteropathy with anthropometrics, micronutrient- status, and morbidity in children. METHODS: The urine and blood samples were collected from 925 children aged 6-24 months residing in Mirpur slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh during November 2009 to April 2013. L:M test and micronutrient status were assessed in the laboratory of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) following standard procedure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895280/effectiveness-of-albendazole-for-hookworm-varies-widely-by-community-and-correlates-with-nutritional-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-school-age-children-in-ghana
#14
Debbie Humphries, Sara Nguyen, Sunny Kumar, Josephine E Quagraine, Joseph Otchere, Lisa M Harrison, Michael Wilson, Michael Cappello
Mass drug administration (MDA) targeting school-age children is recommended by the World Health Organization for the global control of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections. Although considered safe and cost-effective to deliver, benzimidazole anthelminthics are variably effective against the three most common STNs, and widespread use has raised concern about the potential for emerging resistance. To identify factors mediating response to albendazole, we conducted a cross-sectional study of hookworm infection in the Kintampo North Municipality of Ghana in 2011...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892446/assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-rural-nepal
#15
J Chataut, K Khanal
Background Nutritional status of children is one of the major predictors of child survival. However, malnutrition is a major public health problem in most of the developing countries and occurs prominently among under-five children. In context of Nepal, nearly 37% children are suffering from underweight, 41% from stunting and 11% are suffering from wasting. These children are at a substantially greater risk of severe acute malnutrition and death. Objective The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional status of children under five years of age and to find the factors associated with malnutrition...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891357/effect-of-integrated-approach-of-yoga-therapy-on-male-obesity-and-psychological-parameters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing global epidemic and cause of non-communicable diseases. Yoga is one of the effective ways to reduce stress which is one of the causes of obesity. AIM: To assess the effect of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) yoga module on adult male obesity in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) was conducted for 14 weeks on obese male subjects with yoga and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#17
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856693/construction-of-lambda-mu-sigma-values-for-determining-mid-upper-arm-circumference-z-scores-in-u-s-children-aged-2-months-through-18-years
#18
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Charlie Bi, Kristi Thaete
BACKGROUND: Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) has proven highly predictive of morbidity and mortality associated with malnutrition better, in some cases, than other growth indicators, including body mass index (BMI) z scores and weight-for-height z scores. A recent consensus statement recommended the inclusion of MUAC and MUAC z scores in the nutrition assessment of children in the United States; however, the requisite data to permit z score calculations for children aged >5 years have not been published...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836308/targeting-the-underlying-causes-of-undernutrition-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-personalized-intervention-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rachel van der Pols-Vijlbrief, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Judith E Bosmans, Jos W R Twisk, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Undernutrition in old age is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and health care costs. Treatment by caloric supplementation results in weight gain, but compliance is poor in the long run. Few studies targeted underlying causes of undernutrition in community-dwelling older adults. This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a multifactorial personalized intervention focused on eliminating or managing the underlying causes of undernutrition to prevent and reduce undernutrition in comparison with usual care...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831914/mid-upper-arm-circumference-muac-new-applications-for-an-old-measure
#20
EDITORIAL
John J Reilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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