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Mid upper arm circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914169/development-of-an-algorithm-for-determination-of-the-likelihood-of-virological-failure-in-hiv-positive-adults-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-decentralized-care
#1
Anton Reepalu, Taye Tolera Balcha, Sten Skogmar, Per-Erik Isberg, Patrik Medstrand, Per Björkman
BACKGROUND: Early identification of virological failure (VF) limits occurrence and spread of drug-resistant viruses in patients receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART). Viral load (VL) monitoring is therefore recommended, but capacities to comply with this are insufficient in many low-income countries. Clinical algorithms might identify persons at higher likelihood of VF to allocate VL resources. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to construct a VF algorithm (the Viral Load Testing Criteria; VLTC) and compare its performance to the 2013 WHO treatment failure criteria...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871471/impact-of-maternal-nutrition-in-hepatitis-e-infection-in-pregnancy
#2
Ashok Kumar, Sheetal Sharma, Premashish Kar, Sarita Agarwal, Siddhartha Ramji, Syed Akhtar Husain, Sudha Prasad, Shashi Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The basis of host response in hepatitis E virus (HEV)-related liver disease during pregnancy-is still unclear. The study aims to evaluate anthropometric parameters and biochemical nutritional parameters in hepatitis E infection during pregnancy and correlate it with severity of the disease. METHODS: A total of consecutive 267 pregnant women with jaundice were recruited. The jaundiced patients were classified as acute viral hepatitis (AVH) or acute liver failure (ALF)...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869072/mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-powell-tuck-and-hennessy-s-equation-correlate-with-body-mass-index-and-can-be-used-sequentially-in-gastrostomy-fed-patients
#3
Rita Barosa, Lídia Roque Ramos, Carla Adriana Santos, Marta Pereira, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple and widespread method to assess undernutrition. However its use may be limited in bedridden patients. AIMS: 1) compare BMI, Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) and Powell-Tuck and Hennessy's regression equation for BMI (BMIPTH) in gastrostomy fed patients, 2) validate its correlation for sequential use and 3) select the best cut-off of MUAC and BMIPTH to predict risk of undernutrition. METHODS: Prospective study including adult patients who underwent endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854929/transition-from-f-75-to-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-an-observational-study-in-uganda
#4
Betty Lanyero, Hanifa Namusoke, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Benedikte Grenov, Ezekiel Mupere, Kim Fleischer Michaelsen, Christian Mølgaard, Vibeke Brix Christensen, Henrik Friis, André Briend
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization now recommends the transition from F-75 to ready-to-use therapeutic foods (RUTF) in the management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). We described the transition from F-75 to RUTF and identified correlates of failed transition. METHODS: We conducted an observational study among children aged 6-59 months treated for SAM at Mulago hospital, Kampala, Uganda. Therapeutic feeding during transition phase was provided by first offering half of the energy requirements from RUTF and the other half from F-75 and then increasing gradually to RUTF as only energy source...
August 30, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829731/high-prevalence-of-anemia-but-low-level-of-iron-deficiency-in-preschool-children-during-a-low-transmission-period-of-malaria-in-rural-kivu-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#5
Esto Bahizire, Paluku Bahwere, Philippe Donnen, P Lundimu Tugirimana, Serge Balol'ebwami, Michèle Dramaix, Chouchou Nfundiko, Raphaël Chirimwami, Kanigula Mubagwa
Anemia is a worldwide public health concern especially in preschool children in developing countries and iron deficiency (ID) is generally assumed to cause at least 50% of the cases. However, data on this contribution are scarce. To close this gap, we determined in 2013 the contribution of ID in the etiology of anemia and measured others factors associated to noniron deficiency anemia (NIDA) in 900 preschool children randomly selected during a two-stage cluster nutritional survey in the Miti-Murhesa health zone, in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo...
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810666/monitoring-and-discharging-children-being-treated-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-using-mid-upper-arm-circumference-secondary-data-analysis-from-rural-gambia
#6
Alice Burrell, Marko Kerac, Helen Nabwera
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major public health problem. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is widely used to admit children to treatment programmes. However, insufficient data supporting MUAC discharge criterion limits its use as a stand-alone tool. Our aim was to evaluate MUAC for monitoring nutritional recovery and discharge. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of clinical data from children 6-59 months-old treated for SAM from January 2003 to December 2013 at the Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit in rural Gambia...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792500/malaria-malnutrition-and-birthweight-a-meta-analysis-using-individual-participant-data
#7
Jordan E Cates, Holger W Unger, Valerie Briand, Nadine Fievet, Innocent Valea, Halidou Tinto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Sarah H Landis, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kathryn G Dewey, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Meghna Desai, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Julie Gutman, Martina Oneko, Laurence Slutsker, Dianne J Terlouw, Simon Kariuki, John Ayisi, Mwayiwawo Madanitsa, Victor Mwapasa, Per Ashorn, Kenneth Maleta, Ivo Mueller, Danielle Stanisic, Christentze Schmiegelow, John P A Lusingu, Anna Maria van Eijk, Melissa Bauserman, Linda Adair, Stephen R Cole, Daniel Westreich, Steven Meshnick, Stephen Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Four studies previously indicated that the effect of malaria infection during pregnancy on the risk of low birthweight (LBW; <2,500 g) may depend upon maternal nutritional status. We investigated this dependence further using a large, diverse study population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We evaluated the interaction between maternal malaria infection and maternal anthropometric status on the risk of LBW using pooled data from 14,633 pregnancies from 13 studies (6 cohort studies and 7 randomized controlled trials) conducted in Africa and the Western Pacific from 1996-2015...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774873/a-growth-reference-for-mid-upper-arm-circumference-for-age-among-school-age-children-and-adolescents-and-validation-for-mortality-growth-curve-construction-and-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Lazarus Mramba, Moses Ngari, Martha Mwangome, Lilian Muchai, Evasius Bauni, A Sarah Walker, Diana M Gibb, Gregory Fegan, James A Berkley
Objectives To construct growth curves for mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC)-for-age z score for 5-19 year olds that accord with the World Health Organization growth standards, and to evaluate their discriminatory performance for subsequent mortality.Design Growth curve construction and longitudinal cohort study.Setting United States and international growth data, and cohorts in Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.Participants The Health Examination Survey (HES)/National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) US population datasets (age 5-25 years), which were used to construct the 2007 WHO growth reference for body mass index in this age group, were merged with an imputed dataset matching the distribution of the WHO 2006 growth standards age 2-6 years...
August 3, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764745/magnitude-and-associated-factors-of-anemia-among-pregnant-women-in-dera-district-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northwest-ethiopia
#9
Terefe Derso, Zelalem Abera, Amare Tariku
BACKGROUND: Anemia is associated with adverse health and socio-economic consequences among pregnant women. Particularly, severe anemia increases the risk of maternal mortality by 20%. However, literatures are scarce in the northwest Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the magnitude and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Dera District, South Gondar Zone, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Dera District health centers from June 27 to September 2, 2015...
August 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761452/comparison-of-manual-versus-automated-blood-pressure-measurement-in-intensive-care-unit-coronary-care-unit-and-emergency-room
#10
Ahmad Mirdamadi, Mostafa Etebari
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of blood pressure (BP) measurement in clinical settings is one of the most concerns despite of promotion in techniques for the measurement of BP. Our aim was to compare automated versus manual BP measurement in intensive care unit (ICU), coronary care unit (CCU), and emergency room patients. METHODS: Totally, 117 patients in ICU, CCU, and emergency department were registered in the study. Demographic information was recorded. The cardioset heart monitoring device was used for measuring BP and mercury sphygmomanometer with appropriate cuffs was used for manual method...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760007/double-fortified-salt-intervention-improved-iron-intake-but-not-energy-and-other-nutrient-intakes-in-female-tea-plantation-workers-from-west-bengal-india
#11
Sudha Venkatramanan, Grace Marquis, Lynnette Neufeld, Michael Wenger, Laura Murray-Kolb, Gregory Reinhart, Jere Haas
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is a global public health concern and has implications on the health status of women in reproductive age. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that improving iron intake with double fortified salt would improve food intake, resulting in higher energy, nutrient intakes, and weight indicators of female tea plantation workers. METHODS: In this randomized double-masked study, the participants (n = 245) were assigned to receive salt double fortified with iron and iodine (DFS; treatment) or salt fortified with iodine (control) and followed for 7...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723979/outcome-and-nutritional-assessment-of-chronic-liver-disease-patients-using-anthropometry-and-subjective-global-assessment
#12
Gonçalo Nunes, Carla Adriana Santos, Rita Barosa, Cristina Fonseca, Ana Teresa Barata, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Protein-calorie malnutrition is common in chronic liver disease (CLD) but adequate clinical tools for nutritional assessment are not defined. OBJECTIVE: In CLD patients, it was aimed: 1. Characterize protein-calorie malnutrition; 2. Compare several clinical, anthropometric and functional tools; 3. Study the association malnutrition/CLD severity and malnutrition/outcome. METHODS: Observational, prospective study. Consecutive CLD ambulatory/hospitalised patients were recruited from 01-03-2012 to 31-08-2012, studied according with age, gender, etiology, alcohol consumption and CLD severity defined by Child-Turcotte-Pugh...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712113/nutritional-status-is-the-major-factor-affecting-grip-strength-of-african-hiv-patients-before-and-during-antiretroviral-treatment
#13
Suzanne Filteau, G PrayGod, S L Woodd, Henrik Friis, D C Heimburger, J R Koethe, P Kelly, L Kasonka, Andrea M Rehman
OBJECTIVES: Low grip strength is a marker of frailty and a risk factor for mortality among HIV patients and other populations. We investigated factors associated with grip strength in malnourished HIV patients at referral to ART, and at 12 weeks and 2-3 years after starting ART. METHODS: The study involved HIV-infected Zambian and Tanzanian participants recruited to the NUSTART trial when malnourished (body mass index <18.5 kg/m(2) ) and requiring ART. The relationship of grip strength to nutritional, infectious and demographic factors was assessed by multivariable linear regression at referral for ART (n=1742) and after 12 weeks (n=778) and 2-3 years of ART (n=273)...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705254/correlates-of-whole-blood-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-among-young-children-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition
#14
C W Yaméogo, B Cichon, C Fabiansen, M J H Rytter, D Faurholt-Jepsen, K D Stark, A Briend, S Shepherd, A S Traoré, V B Christensen, K F Michaelsen, H Friis, L Lauritzen
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has been associated with low polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, investigations regarding PUFA status and correlates in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) from low-income countries are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe whole-blood PUFA levels in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and to identify correlates of PUFAs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using baseline data from a prospective nutritional intervention trial among 1609 children with MAM aged 6-23 months in Burkina Faso,West Africa...
July 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683834/the-refani-s-study-protocol-a-non-randomised-cluster-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-role-of-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-a-non-food-item-kit-and-free-piped-water-in-reducing-the-risk-of-acute-malnutrition-among-children-aged-6-59%C3%A2-months-living-in-camps-for
#15
Mohamed Jelle, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Sarah King, Cassy L Cox, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Joanna Morrison, Timothy Colbourn, Edward Fottrell, Andrew J Seal
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of acute malnutrition is often high in emergency-affected populations and is associated with elevated mortality risk and long-term health consequences. Increasingly, cash transfer programmes (CTP) are used instead of direct food aid as a nutritional intervention, but there is sparse evidence on their nutritional impact. We aim to understand whether CTP reduces acute malnutrition and its known risk factors. METHODS/DESIGN: A non-randomised, cluster-controlled trial will assess the impact of an unconditional cash transfer of US$84 per month for 5 months, a single non-food items kit, and free piped water on the risk of acute malnutrition in children, aged 6-59 months...
July 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673364/malnutrition-in-patients-admitted-to-the-medical-wards-of-the-douala-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Henry Namme Luma, Servais Albert Fiacre Bagnaka Eloumou, Franklin Ngu Mboligong, Elvis Temfack, Olivier-Tresor Donfack, Marie-Solange Doualla
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in acutely ill patients occurring in 30-50% of hospitalized patients. Awareness and screening for malnutrition is lacking in most health institutions in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed at screening for malnutrition using anthropometric and laboratory indices in patients admitted to the internal medicine wards. METHODS: A cross-sectional study. We screened for malnutrition in 251 consecutive patients admitted from January to March 2013 in the internal medicine wards...
July 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659739/the-effect-of-egg-supplementation-on-growth-parameters-in-children-participating-in-a-school-feeding-program-in-rural-uganda-a-pilot-study
#17
Jamie I Baum, Jefferson D Miller, Brianna L Gaines
Background: School feeding programs have gained popularity in developing countries . Eggs are an inexpensive source of micronutrients and high-quality protein. Therefore, the objective of this study was to gain preliminary data regarding the impact of egg supplementation on growth in primary school students participating in a school feeding program in rural Uganda. Methods: Children (ages 6-9; n = 241) were recruited from three different schools located throughout the Kitgum District of Uganda. All participants in the same school received the same dietary intervention: control (no eggs (0 eggs); n = 56), one egg five days per week (1 egg; n = 89), or two eggs five days per week (2 eggs; n = 96)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649273/high-burden-of-malaria-and-anemia-among-tribal-pregnant-women-in-a-chronic-conflict-corridor-in-india
#18
Gustavo Corrêa, Mrinalini Das, Rama Kovelamudi, Nagendra Jaladi, Charlotte Pignon, Kalyan Vysyaraju, Usha Yedla, Vijya Laxmi, Pavani Vemula, Vijaya Gowthami, Hemant Sharma, Daniel Remartinez, Stobdan Kalon, Kirrily de Polnay, Martin De Smet, Petros Isaakidis
BACKGROUND: With more than 200 million cases a year, malaria is an important global health concern, especially among pregnant women. The forested tribal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Chhattisgarh in India are affected by malaria and by an on-going chronic conflict which seriously limits access to health care. The burden of malaria and anemia among pregnant women in these areas is unknown; moreover there are no specific recommendations for pregnant women in the Indian national malaria policy...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615087/association-between-intestinal-helminth-infections-and-mid-upper-arm-circumference-among-children-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
L S Galgamuwa, D Iddawela, S D Dharmaratne
Intestinal helminth infections constitute a major health problem in low socio-economic communities worldwide. A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged between 12 and 60 months. A structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data and stool samples were subjected to direct smear, stained with Lugol's iodine, and formaldehyde-ether concentration techniques to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections. The circumference of each child's left mid upper arm (MUAC) was measured using standard procedures...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602463/air-displacement-plethysmography-versus-bioelectrical-impedance-to-determine-body-composition-in-pediatric-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Molly Wong Vega, Poyyapakkam R Srivaths
OBJECTIVE: Protein energy wasting is difficult to assess in pediatric hemodialysis (HD) populations because of fluid shifts. Body composition (BC) analysis aids in monitoring nutrition therapy's effects on fat and lean mass. Air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a "practical" gold standard for fat mass (FM) measurements. We aim to compare BC measures in a pediatric HD population via anthropometry, ADP, and bioelectrical impedance (BIA). DESIGN: The study was prospective cohort study and the setting was 1 pediatric HD unit in Houston, Texas...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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