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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#1
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484358/anthropometric-parameters-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Melika Melunovic, Feriha Hadzagic-Catibusic, Vildan Bilalovic, Samra Rahmanovic, Selma Dizdar
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cerebral palsy (CP), besides the basic neurological damage, are also often undernourished. Adequate nutrition for children is very important during the period of intensive growth and development, which is of particular importance in patients with CP. GOAL: To evaluate the nutritional status of patients with CP who are treated at the Pediatric Clinic, Clinical Centre of Sarajevo University and causes of malnutrition in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with CP underwent anthropometric assessment (body weight, body height, body mass index, head circumference, subscapular skinfold thickness, triceps skinfold thickness and mid upper arm muscle circumference)...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484280/paternal-obesity-modifies-the-effect-of-an-antenatal-lifestyle-intervention-in-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-on-newborn-anthropometry
#3
Jodie M Dodd, Lodewyk E Du Plessis, Andrea R Deussen, Rosalie M Grivell, Lisa N Yelland, Jennie Louise, Andrew J Mcphee, Jeffrey S Robinson, Julie A Owens
The contribution of paternal obesity to pregnancy outcomes has been little described. Our aims were to determine whether the effect of an antenatal maternal dietary and lifestyle intervention among women who are overweight or obese on newborn adiposity, was modified by paternal obesity. We conducted a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomised trial. Pregnant women with BMI ≥25 kg/m(2) received either Lifestyle Advice or Standard Care. Paternal anthropometric measures included height, weight, BMI; waist, hip, calf and mid-upper arm circumferences; biceps and calf skinfold thickness measurements (SFTM); and percentage body fat...
May 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482961/low-prevalence-of-malnourishment-among-household-contacts-of-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-guinea-bissau
#4
C B Patsche, F Rudolf, S W Mogensen, A Sifna, V F Gomes, S Byberg, C Wejse
SETTING: An urban demographic surveillance site in Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, West Africa.BACKGROUND We hypothesised that if previous malnutrition plays a part in acquiring active tuberculosis (TB) disease, households of TB cases would have a higher prevalence of malnutrition than those of healthy controls. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing nutritional and socio-economic status of all newly diagnosed patients with TB in 2014 with household contacts (persons residing in the household of TB cases) and random controls...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482934/longevity-in-north-korea-and-south-korea-prevalence-of-centenarians-in-one-the-poorest-and-one-of-the-richest-nations
#5
Daniel Schwekendiek
Over recent decades, economic living conditions have dramatically improved in South Korea, which now represents one of the most developed nations. At the same time, its twin in the North remains one of the poorest countries on earth. Thus, the Korean peninsula represents a unique historical experiment that allows for study of the effects of environment on human development under a variety of ceteris paribus cultural, genetic and climatic conditions. Previous studies comparing the biosocial performances of the two Koreas have focused on indicators such as weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference and age at menarche...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472699/outcomes-of-patients-with-severe-infection-in-uganda-according-to-adherence-to-the-world-health-organization-s-integrated-management-of-adolescent-and-adult-illness-fluid-resuscitation-guidelines
#6
Abdallah Amir, Kacie J Saulters, Rose Muhindo, Christopher C Moore
PURPOSE: We determined outcomes in hospitalized patients in Uganda with World Health Organization's Integrated Management of Adolescent and Adult Illness (IMAI) defined septic shock (IMAI-shock) or severe respiratory distress without shock (IMAI-SRD) based on whether they received recommended fluid resuscitation according to IMAI guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of adult septic patients in Uganda that included the volume of fluids patients received during the first 6h of resuscitation...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468694/vitamin-d-levels-during-pregnancy-and-associations-with-birth-weight-and-body-composition-of-the-newborn-a-longitudinal-multiethnic-population-based-study
#7
Åse R Eggemoen, Anne K Jenum, Ibrahimu Mdala, Kirsten V Knutsen, Per Lagerløv, Line Sletner
We investigated associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in pregnancy and birth weight and other neonatal anthropometric measures. The present study was a population-based, multiethnic cohort study of 719 pregnant women (59 % ethnic minorities) in Oslo, Norway, delivering a singleton neonate at term and with birth weight measurements. In a representative sample, anthropometric measurements were taken. Maternal 25(OH)D was measured at gestational weeks 15 and 28. Women with 25(OH)D <37 nmol/l were recommended vitamin D3 supplementation...
May 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465140/development-and-validation-of-a-novel-paediatric-weight-estimation-equation-in-multinational-cohorts-of-sick-children
#8
Lindsey McVey, David Young, Jessie Hulst, Sarah Bradley, Adrian Raudaschl, Thomais Karagiozoglou, Efstratia Daskalou, Vincent Choudhery, Isobel Macleod, Koen Joosten, Neil Spenceley, Konstantinos Gerasimidis
AIM: In sick children who are unable to be weighed estimation of weight is often required, but the routinely used equations lack accuracy and precision. This study aimed to develop a novel equation (Children's European Estimator of Weight-CEEW) using measurements of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and other predictors in multinational groups of sick children in Europe. METHODS: Weight estimation equations were developed in 2086 children from the UK, Greece and the Netherlands, using a combination of demographics, MUAC and height measurements...
April 29, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460640/physical-performance-and-protein-energy-wasting-in-patients-treated-with-nocturnal-haemodialysis-compared-to-conventional-haemodialysis-protocol-of-the-diaprifit-study
#9
Manouk Dam, Floor Neelemaat, Trudeke Struijk-Wielinga, Peter J Weijs, Brigit C van Jaarsveld
BACKGROUND: Poor physical performance and protein-energy wasting (PEW) are health issues of major concern in haemodialysis patients. The conventional haemodialysis (CHD) regime, three times per week 3-5 h, is subject of discussion because of high morbidity and mortality rates. When patients switch from CHD to longer dialysis sessions, i.e. nocturnal haemodialysis (NHD), improvement in protein intake and increase in body weight is seen. However, it is unclear whether physical performance and more important aspects of PEW, such as body composition, improve as well...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459651/handgrip-strength-and-malnutrition-undernutrition-in-hospitalized-versus-nonhospitalized-children-aged-6-14-years
#10
Kayla Camille Jensen, Sarah Gunnell Bellini, Jennifer Willahan Derrick, Susan Fullmer, Dennis Eggett
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing undernutrition in hospitalized pediatric populations is crucial to provide timely nutrition interventions. Handgrip strength (HGS), a measurement of muscle function, is a reliable indicator of undernutrition. However, limited research exists on HGS in hospitalized pediatric patients. The primary aim of this study was to determine if HGS differed between hospitalized children within 48 hours of admission and nonhospitalized children. A secondary purpose was to describe the association of HGS with height, weight, body mass index (BMI), mid upper arm circumference (MUAC), activity level, disease severity, nutrition risk, and nutrition intervention...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445440/micronutrient-status-among-pregnant-women-in-zinder-niger-and-risk-factors-associated-with-deficiency
#11
K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Rebecca R Young, M Thierno Faye, Alex Brito, Sonja Y Hess
Anemia and micronutrient (MN) deficiencies in pregnant women are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Niger, 58.6% of pregnant women are anemic; however, MN statuses are unknown. The study objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MN deficiencies among pregnant women in Zinder, Niger and explore associated risk factors. Pregnant women living in randomly selected rural villages (n = 88) were included. Capillary and venous blood samples (n = 770) were analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc (pZn), retinol binding protein (RBP), folate and vitamin B12...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443698/impact-of-maternal-nutritional-supplementation-in-conjunction-with-a-breastfeeding-support-program-on-breastfeeding-performance-birth-and-growth-outcomes-in-a-vietnamese-population
#12
Dieu T T Huynh, Nga T Tran, Lam T Nguyen, Yatin Berde, Yen Ling Low
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal nutritional supplementation (MNS) in conjunction with a breastfeeding support program on birth outcomes and breastfeeding performance. METHODS: A total of 228 singleton Vietnamese mothers aged 20 to 35 years at 26 to 29 weeks of gestation with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) <25.0 kg/m(2) were randomized to the intervention (n = 114), receiving MNS (252 kcal/day) daily up to 12 weeks postpartum and 4 breastfeeding education and support sessions or to the control (n = 114), receiving standards of care...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441944/effects-of-unconditional-cash-transfers-on-the-outcome-of-treatment-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#13
Emmanuel Grellety, Pélagie Babakazo, Amina Bangana, Gustave Mwamba, Ines Lezama, Noël Marie Zagre, Eric-Alain Ategbo
BACKGROUND: Cash transfer programs (CTPs) aim to strengthen financial security for vulnerable households. This potentially enables improvements in diet, hygiene, health service access and investment in food production or income generation. The effect of CTPs on the outcome of children already severely malnourished is not well delineated. The objective of this study was to test whether CTPs will improve the outcome of children treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over 6 months...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433345/the-effect-of-pre-existing-malnutrition-on-pediatric-burn-mortality-in-a-sub-saharan-african-burn-unit
#14
Joanna Grudziak, Carolyn Snock, Stephen Mjuweni, Jared Gallaher, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status predicts burn outcomes in the developed world, but its effect on burn mortality in the developing world has not been widely studied. In sub Saharan Africa, burn is primarily a disease of children, and the majority of children in sub-Saharan Africa are malnourished. We therefore sought to determine the prevalence and effect of malnutrition on burn mortality at our institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of children aged 0-5, with anthropomorphic measurements available, who were admitted to our burn unit from July 2011 to May 2016...
April 19, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424063/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-early-detection-of-patients-at-nutrition-risk-during-their-hospital-stay-through-the-new-screening-method-cipa-a-study-protocol
#15
José Pablo Suárez-Llanos, Néstor Benítez-Brito, Laura Vallejo-Torres, Irina Delgado-Brito, Adriá Rosat-Rodrigo, Carolina Hernández-Carballo, Yolanda Ramallo-Fariña, Francisca Pereyra-García-Castro, Juan Carlos-Romero, Nieves Felipe-Pérez, Jennifer García-Niebla, Eduardo Mauricio Calderón-Ledezma, Teresa de Jesús González-Melián, Ignacio Llorente-Gómez de Segura, Manuel Ángel Barrera-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in hospitalized patients and results in a worsened clinical course as well as an increased length of stay, mortality, and costs. Therefore, simple nutrition screening systems, such as CIPA (control of food intake, protein, anthropometry), may be implemented to facilitate the patient's recovery process. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of implementing such screening tool in a tertiary hospital, consistent with the lack of similar, published studies on any hospital nutrition screening system...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421784/assessment-of-anthropometric-indicators-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-according-to-the-type-of-motor-dysfunction-and-reference-standard
#16
Jorge Abraham García Iñiguez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Andrea García Contreras, Enrique Romero-Velarde, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán
AIM: The study aimed to demonstrate that the assessment of the anthropomorphic measurements of children with cerebral palsy (CP) varies according to the type of motor dysfunction and references standard used for comparison. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 108 children 2 to 16 years were classified according to the type of motor dysfunction by gender and age group. Weight, mid-upper-arm-circumference (MUAC), and alternative measures for height were performed...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390845/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-adult-patients-previously-treated-with%C3%A2-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Thibault Brotelle, Richard Lemal, Aurélie Cabrespine, Cécile Combal, Eric Hermet, Aurélie Ravinet, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Corinne Bouteloup
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and is a well-known prognostic factor for survival. The nutritional status of patients in a long term after allo-HSCT is less well documented. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in adult patients who underwent allo-HSCT more than one year ago. Secondary objectives were to assess body composition, muscle strength, and factors associated with malnutrition...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378463/quality-of-care-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-a-rural-area-of-mali
#18
Jose Luis Alvarez Morán, Franck G B Alé, Eleanor Rogers, Saul Guerrero
An alternative Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition model with community health workers (CHWs) delivering treatment for uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) was piloted in Mali. The capacity of the CHWs to evaluate, classify, and treat cases of uncomplicated SAM, to provide nutritional counselling to caretakers of children receiving treatment for SAM, malaria, pneumonia or diarrhoea and to correctly refer cases of complicated SAM, was assessed. This was done using direct observation by trained enumerators of the management of SAM cases using checklists, re-diagnosing the cases admitted for treatment and reviewing admissions cards and registers...
April 5, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374648/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-ready-to-use-supplementary-foods-demonstrates-benefit-of-the-higher-dairy-supplement-for-reduced-wasting-in-mothers-and-differential-impact-in-infants-and-children-associated-with-maternal-supplement-response
#19
Nina Schlossman, Carrie Brown, Payal Batra, Augusto Braima de Sa, Ionela Balan, Adrian Balan, Madeleine G Gamache, Lauren Wood, William Pruzensky, Edward Saltzman, Susan B Roberts, Carlito Balé
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus over best approaches to reliably prevent malnutrition in rural communities in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effectiveness of 2 lipid-based ready-to-use supplementary foods (RUSFs) differing in dairy protein content to improve the nutritional status of mothers and at-risk infants and young children in rural Guinea-Bissau. METHODS: A 3-month cluster-randomized controlled pilot trial of 2 RUSFs was conducted with 692 mothers and 580 mildly or moderately malnourished infants (6-23 months) and children (24-59 months) from 13 villages...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330630/the-prevalence-of-undernutrition-upon-hospitalization-in-children-in-a-developing-country-a-single-hospital-study-from-malaysia
#20
Way-Seah Lee, Zulfadly Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Undernourished children who require hospital care have a longer duration of hospitalization and respond poorly to modern medical therapy. The objective of the present study was to ascertain the nutritional status of children admitted to a pediatric tertiary center in Malaysia and the risk factors leading to undernutrition upon admission. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, hospital-based study, anthropometric measurements [weight, length/height, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness were performed in 285 children aged from 3 months to 15 years who were admitted to University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur in November 2013...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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