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Mid upper arm circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914849/age-related-variations-of-muscle-mass-strength-and-physical-performance-in-community-dwellers-results-from-the-milan-expo-survey
#1
Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Anna Maria Martone, Domenico Fusco, Alex Sisto, Elena Ortolani, Giulia Savera, Sara Salini, Emanuele Marzetti
OBJECTIVES: Declining muscle mass and function are hallmarks of the aging process. The preservation of muscle trophism may protect against various negative health outcomes. Age- and sex-specific curves of muscle mass, strength, and function, using data from a large sample of community-dwelling people, are necessary. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two surveys (Longevity Check-up and Very Important Protein [VIP]), conducted during EXPO 2015 in Milan, consisted of a population assessment aimed at evaluating the prevalence of specific health metrics in subjects outside of a research setting (n = 3206), with a special focus on muscle mass, strength, and function...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912735/the-effect-of-early-measles-vaccination-at-4-5%C3%A2-months-of-age-on-growth-at-9-and-24%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-a-randomized-trial-in-guinea-bissau
#2
S M Rasmussen, S Biering-Sørensen, S Byberg, A Andersen, M Bjerregaard-Andersen, A Rodrigues, C S Benn, C L Martins, P Aaby
BACKGROUND: Providing an early, additional measles vaccine (MV) at 4.5 months of age has been shown to reduce child mortality in low-income countries. We studied the effects on growth at 9 and 24 months of age. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in Guinea-Bissau from 2003-2007 including 6,648 children. Children were randomized 1:1:1 to receive Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine at 4.5 and 9 months of age (group A), no vaccine at 4.5 months and Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine at 9 months (group B), or no vaccine at 4...
December 3, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908845/design-response-rates-and-population-characteristics-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-zanzibar-tanzania
#3
Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Ali Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
BACKGROUND: Data on nutritional status and correlates of noncommunicable diseases are scarce for resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan countries. With the scope of a project, "Access to Food and Nutrition Status of the Zanzibari Population," data for investigating public health questions were collected using proven measurement and laboratory standards. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at providing a descriptive overview of recruitment approaches, standardization, quality control measures, and data collection, with special attention to the design, responses, and participant characteristics of the overall project...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907834/effects-of-drought-on-child-health-in-marsabit-district-northern-kenya
#4
Jan M Bauer, Samuel Mburu
This study uses five years of panel data (2009-2013) for Northern Kenya's Marsabit district to analyze the levels and extent of malnutrition among children aged five and under in that area. We measure drought based on the standardized normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and assess its effect on child health using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). The results show that approximately 20 percent of the children in the study area are malnourished and a one standard deviation increase in NDVI z-score decreases the probability of child malnourishment by 12-16 percent...
November 17, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906964/undernutrition-vitamin-a-and-iron-deficiency-are-associated-with-impaired-intestinal-mucosal-permeability-in-young-bangladeshi-children-assessed-by-lactulose-mannitol-test
#5
Md Iqbal Hossain, Rashidul Haque, Dinesh Mondal, Mustafa Mahfuz, Am Shamsir Ahmed, M Munirul Islam, Richard L Guerrant, William A Petri, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Lactulose/mannitol (L:M) test has been used as a non-invasive marker of intestinal mucosal -integrity and -permeability (enteropathy). We investigated the association of enteropathy with anthropometrics, micronutrient- status, and morbidity in children. METHODS: The urine and blood samples were collected from 925 children aged 6-24 months residing in Mirpur slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh during November 2009 to April 2013. L:M test and micronutrient status were assessed in the laboratory of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) following standard procedure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895280/effectiveness-of-albendazole-for-hookworm-varies-widely-by-community-and-correlates-with-nutritional-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-school-age-children-in-ghana
#6
Debbie Humphries, Sara Nguyen, Sunny Kumar, Josephine E Quagraine, Joseph Otchere, Lisa M Harrison, Michael Wilson, Michael Cappello
Mass drug administration (MDA) targeting school-age children is recommended by the World Health Organization for the global control of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections. Although considered safe and cost-effective to deliver, benzimidazole anthelminthics are variably effective against the three most common STNs, and widespread use has raised concern about the potential for emerging resistance. To identify factors mediating response to albendazole, we conducted a cross-sectional study of hookworm infection in the Kintampo North Municipality of Ghana in 2011...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892446/assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-rural-nepal
#7
J Chataut, K Khanal
Background Nutritional status of children is one of the major predictors of child survival. However, malnutrition is a major public health problem in most of the developing countries and occurs prominently among under-five children. In context of Nepal, nearly 37% children are suffering from underweight, 41% from stunting and 11% are suffering from wasting. These children are at a substantially greater risk of severe acute malnutrition and death. Objective The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional status of children under five years of age and to find the factors associated with malnutrition...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891357/effect-of-integrated-approach-of-yoga-therapy-on-male-obesity-and-psychological-parameters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing global epidemic and cause of non-communicable diseases. Yoga is one of the effective ways to reduce stress which is one of the causes of obesity. AIM: To assess the effect of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) yoga module on adult male obesity in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) was conducted for 14 weeks on obese male subjects with yoga and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#9
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856693/construction-of-lambda-mu-sigma-values-for-determining-mid-upper-arm-circumference-z-scores-in-u-s-children-aged-2-months-through-18-years
#10
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Charlie Bi, Kristi Thaete
BACKGROUND: Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) has proven highly predictive of morbidity and mortality associated with malnutrition better, in some cases, than other growth indicators, including body mass index (BMI) z scores and weight-for-height z scores. A recent consensus statement recommended the inclusion of MUAC and MUAC z scores in the nutrition assessment of children in the United States; however, the requisite data to permit z score calculations for children aged >5 years have not been published...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836308/targeting-the-underlying-causes-of-undernutrition-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-personalized-intervention-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Rachel van der Pols-Vijlbrief, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Judith E Bosmans, Jos W R Twisk, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Undernutrition in old age is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and health care costs. Treatment by caloric supplementation results in weight gain, but compliance is poor in the long run. Few studies targeted underlying causes of undernutrition in community-dwelling older adults. This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a multifactorial personalized intervention focused on eliminating or managing the underlying causes of undernutrition to prevent and reduce undernutrition in comparison with usual care...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831914/mid-upper-arm-circumference-muac-new-applications-for-an-old-measure
#12
EDITORIAL
John J Reilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823596/prognostic-usefulness-of-arm-and-calf-circumference-in-patients-%C3%A2-65%C3%A2-years-of-age-with-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Kentaro Kamiya, Takashi Masuda, Yuya Matsue, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Ryota Matsuzawa, Shinya Tanaka, Kohei Nozaki, Emi Maekawa, Chiharu Noda, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Junya Ako
Current diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia require measurement of muscle function (MF) and muscle mass. Mid upper arm circumference (AC) and calf circumference (CC) are currently used as metrics of muscle mass. This study was performed to compare the prognostic predictive capabilities of AC and CC in older patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The study population consisted of 599 admitted patients aged ≥65 years (74.8 ± 6.3 years, 392 men) with CVD. We measured MF (gait speed and grip strength), AC, and CC before hospital discharge...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805287/nutritional-status-and-feeding-problems-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Norsuhaila Sha'ari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Mahadir Ahmad, Fairuz Nazri Abd Rahman
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) maybe at risk for nutrient deficiencies due to attention demands required to sit through meals. This comparative cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the nutritional status and feeding problems of ADHD children aged 4-12 years. METHOD: Sociodemographic data, anthropometric measurements and a three-day dietary intake were collected from 54 ADHD children and 54 typical development (TD) children...
November 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769191/protocol-of-the-low-birth-weight-south-asia-trial-lbwsat-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-impact-on-birth-weight-and-infant-nutrition-of-participatory-learning-and-action-through-women-s-groups-with-and-without-unconditional-transfers-of-fortified
#15
Naomi M Saville, Bhim P Shrestha, Sarah Style, Helen Harris-Fry, B James Beard, Aman Sengupta, Sonali Jha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Bishnu Bhandari, Rishi Neupane, Joanna Morrison, Lu Gram, Raghbendra Sah, Machhindra Basnet, Jayne Harthan, Dharma S Manandhar, David Osrin, Anthony Costello
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW, < 2500 g) affects one third of newborn infants in rural south Asia and compromises child survival, infant growth, educational performance and economic prospects. We aimed to assess the impact on birth weight and weight-for-age Z-score in children aged 0-16 months of a nutrition Participatory Learning and Action behaviour change strategy (PLA) for pregnant women through women's groups, with or without unconditional transfers of food or cash to pregnant women in two districts of southern Nepal...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765005/beneficial-effect-of-the-nutritional-support-in-children-who-underwent-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#16
Nevra Koç, Mehmet Gündüz, Betül Tavil, M Fatih Azik, Zeynep Coşkun, Hülya Yardımcı, Duygu Uçkan, Bahattin Tunç
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritional status in children who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplant compared with a healthy control group. A secondary aim was to utilize mid-upper arm circumference as a measure of nutritional status in these groups of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study group included 40 children (18 girls, 22 boys) with mean age of 9.2 ± 4.6 years (range, 2-17 y) who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplant...
October 20, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761979/maternal-systemic-or-cord-blood-inflammation-is-associated-with-birth-anthropometry-in-a-tanzanian-prospective-cohort
#17
A L Wilkinson, S H Pedersen, M Urassa, D Michael, A Andreasen, J Todd, S M Kinung'hi, J Changalucha, J M McDermid
OBJECTIVES: HIV infection is associated with chronic systemic inflammation, with or without antiretroviral therapy. Consequences for fetal growth are not understood, particularly in settings where multiple maternal infections and malnutrition are common. The study was designed to examine maternal systemic circulating and umbilical cord blood cytokine concentrations in relation to birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. METHODS: A 9-plex panel of maternal plasma cytokines in HIV-positive (n=44) and HIV-negative (n=70) mothers and the same cytokines in umbilical cord blood collected at delivery was assayed...
October 20, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759980/nutritional-status-and-food-intake-of-hcv-hiv-coinfected-patients
#18
Giselle Souza Pinto, Anelise Fernanda Zanolla, Cristiane Valle Tovo, Catarina Bertaso Andreatta Gottschall, Caroline Buss
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection may cause nutrient deficiency and affect the nutritional status.Objetive: To assess nutritional status, and energy and macronutrient intake in HCV/HIV coinfected patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study on HIV/HCV-coinfected patients treated in a public hospital. Nutritional status was assessed by measurements of weight, height, waist circumference (WC), arm circumference (AC), triceps skinfold thickness (TST), non-dominant hand gripltrength (NDHGS), body mass index (BMI) and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC)...
October 18, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756276/prevalence-and-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-children-attending-the-reproductive-and-child-health-clinic-at-bagamoyo-district-hospital-tanzania
#19
Omar Ali Juma, Zachary Obinna Enumah, Hannah Wheatley, Mohamed Yunus Rafiq, Seif Shekalaghe, Ali Ali, Shishira Mgonia, Salim Abdulla
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition has long been associated with poverty, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and contributes to ill-health, with 50 % of childhood deaths due to underlying undernutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among children under-five seen at Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH) and three rural health facilities ranging between 25 and 55 km from Bagamoyo: Kiwangwa, Fukayosi, and Yombo...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734258/changes-in-prevalence-of-obesity-and-high-waist-circumference-over-four-years-across-european-regions-the-european-male-ageing-study-emas
#20
Thang S Han, Elon Correa, Michael E J Lean, David M Lee, Terrence W O'Neill, György Bartfai, Gianni Forti, Aleksander Giwercman, Krzysztof Kula, Neil Pendleton, Margus Punab, Martin K Rutter, Dirk Vanderschueren, Ilpo T Huhtaniemi, Frederick C W Wu, Felipe F Casanueva
Diversity in lifestyles and socioeconomic status among European populations, and recent socio-political and economic changes in transitional countries, may affect changes in adiposity. We aimed to determine whether change in the prevalence of obesity varies between the socio-politically transitional North-East European (Łódź, Poland; Szeged, Hungary; Tartu, Estonia), and the non-transitional Mediterranean (Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Florence, Italy) and North-West European (Leuven, Belgium; Malmö, Sweden; Manchester, UK) cities...
October 13, 2016: Endocrine
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