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Mid upper arm circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323425/evaluating-mid-upper-arm-circumference-z-score-as-a-determinant-of-nutrition-status
#1
Karen Stephens, April Escobar, Erika Nicole Jennison, Lindsey Vaughn, Rhonda Sullivan, Susan Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) z-score, has recently been listed as an independent indicator for pediatric malnutrition. This investigation examined the relationship between MUAC z-score and the z-scores for conventional indicators (ie, weight-for-length and body mass index) to expand the available evidence for nutrition classification z-score threshold ranges in U.S. practice settings. METHODS: This was a single-center study of children through 18 years of age seen between October 2015 and September 2016...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302547/can-mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-calf-circumference-be-the-proxy-measures-to-detect-undernutrition-among-elderly-findings-of-a-community-based-survey-in-rural-puducherry-india
#2
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, R Jayalakshmy, Arjumand Yousuf, Arvind Kumar Singh, Gomathi Ramaswamy, C Palanivel
Introduction: Major proportion of the elderly with under nutrition is undetected in the community. One of the feasible ways to detect under nutrition among elderly would be screening in the field settings. in this study, we aimed to identify the utility of alternate anthropometric measures such as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), calf circumference, and skin fold thickness in identifying under nutrition among elderly. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was done among elderly in one of the randomly selected subcenters...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302541/anemia-in-pregnancy-and-its-associated-factors-among-primary-care-clients-in-sagamu-southwest-nigeria-a-facility-based-study
#3
Oluwafolahan Olugbenga Sholeye, Victor Jide Animasahun, Tessie O Shorunmu
Introduction: In Nigeria, anemia in pregnancy is one of the leading causes of poor pregnancy outcomes. This study, therefore, determined the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors, among pregnant primary care clients in Sagamu, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 400 pregnant, primary care clients in Sagamu, selected through multi-stage sampling. Data were collected with the aid of an interviewer-administered, semi-structured questionnaire, a stadiometer, measuring tape, and a hemoglobinometer...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274395/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-nutritional-status-in-a-sample-of-nonagenarians
#4
Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Francesco Sofi, Federica Vannetti, Guido Pasquini, Claudio Macchi
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to describe the adherence to Mediterranean diet in a sample of nonagenarians and to analyse its cross-sectional association with anthropometric and bioelectrical parameters. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was employed in this study. The adherence to the Mediterranean diet was measured through the Mediterranean Diet Score (MedDietScore). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of nonagenarian residents in the eight municipalities belonging to Mugello (Florence, Italy)...
December 20, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258337/first-field-test-of-an-innovative-wider-tape-to-measure-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-young-laotian-children
#5
Sonja Y Hess, Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Maxwell A Barffour, Bangone Bounheuang, Charles D Arnold, David Bell, Tola H Marts, Sengchanh Kounnavong
BACKGROUND: Measurements of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) may result in measurement error due to incorrect placement along the arm or tight pulling of tape. To reduce the risk of these measurement errors, a new wider tape was developed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the measurement agreement and precision and the ease of use of the standard and wide MUAC tapes. METHODS: Mid-upper arm circumference was measured in 814 children aged 9 to 32 months with both tapes...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239083/physical-growth-and-diets-of-school-children-trends-from-2001-to-2015-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#6
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess changes in physical growth and diets of school children in rural West Java, Indonesia, between 2001 and 2015, a period of rapid socioeconomic change. METHODS: In 2001 and 2015, anthropometric measurements (height, weight, mid-upper arm circumference, skin-fold thickness), food consumption surveys, and questionnaires on socioeconomic status were completed by fourth-grade school children in a rural village in West Java. RESULTS: Height increments of 5...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198191/diet-and-anthropometry-at-2-years-of-age-following-an-oral-health-promotion-programme-for-australian-aboriginal-children-and-their-carers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Lisa G Smithers, John Lynch, Joanne Hedges, Lisa M Jamieson
There are marked disparities between indigenous and non-indigenous children's diets and oral health. Both diet and oral health are linked to longer-term health problems. We aimed to investigate whether a culturally appropriate multi-faceted oral health promotion intervention reduced Aboriginal children's intake of sugars from discretionary foods at 2 years of age. We conducted a single-blind, parallel-arm randomised controlled trial involving women who were pregnant or had given birth to an Aboriginal child in the previous 6 weeks...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195733/changes-in-body-mass-index-and-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-relation-to-all-cause-mortality-in-older-adults
#8
Laura A Schaap, Tara Quirke, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The assessment of weight loss as an indicator of poor nutritional status in older persons is currently widely applied to establish risk of mortality. Little is known about the relationship between changes in mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and mortality in older individuals. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between 3-year change in MUAC and 20-year mortality in community-dwelling older adults and compare this to the association between body mass index (BMI) change and mortality...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178404/the-impact-of-rickets-on-growth-and-morbidity-during-recovery-among-children-with-complicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-kenya-a-cohort-study
#9
Moses M Ngari, Johnstone Thitiri, Laura Mwalekwa, Molline Timbwa, Per Ole Iversen, Greg W Fegan, James A Berkley
The effects of rickets on children recovery from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are unknown. Rickets may affect both growth and susceptibility to infectious diseases. We investigated the associations of clinically diagnosed rickets with life-threatening events and anthropometric recovery during 1 year following inpatient treatment for complicated SAM. This was a secondary analysis of clinical trial data among non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected Kenyan children with complicated SAM (2-59 months) followed for 1 year posthospital discharge (ClinicalTrials...
November 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140236/impact-of-childhood-nutritional-status-on-pathogen-prevalence-and-severity-of-acute-diarrhea
#10
Kirkby D Tickell, Patricia B Pavlinac, Grace C John-Stewart, Donna M Denno, Barbra A Richardson, Jaqueline M Naulikha, Ronald K Kirera, Brett E Swierczewski, Benson O Singa, Judd L Walson
Children with acute and chronic malnutrition are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality following a diarrheal episode. To compare diarrheal disease severity and pathogen prevalence among children with and without acute and chronic malnutrition, we conducted a cross-sectional study of human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected Kenyan children aged 6-59 months, who presented with acute diarrhea. Children underwent clinical and anthropometric assessments and provided stool for bacterial and protozoal pathogen detection...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115985/use-of-tuberculin-skin-test-for-assessment-of-immune-recovery-among-previously-malnourished-children-in-ethiopia
#11
Paluku Bahwere, Philip James, Alemseged Abdissa, Yesufe Getu, Yilak Getnet, Kate Sadler, Tsinuel Girma
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of immunity in children recovering from severe acute malnutrition (cases) against those of community controls (controls). RESULTS: At baseline children recovering from severe acute malnutrition had lower, mid upper arm circumference (122 mm for cases and 135 mm for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-height Z-score (- 1.0 for cases and - 0.5 for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-age Z-score (- 2.8 for cases and - 1.1 for controls; p < 0...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089206/pre-burn-malnutrition-increases-operative-mortality-in-burn-patients-who-undergo-early-excision-and-grafting-in-a-sub-saharan-african-burn-unit
#12
Joana Grudziak, Carolyn Snock, Tiyamike Zalinga, Wone Banda, Jared Gallaher, Laura Purcell, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: In the developed world, pre-existing malnutrition in the burn population influences operative outcomes. However, studies on pre-existing malnutrition and operative outcomes of burn patients in the developing world are lacking. We therefore sought to characterize the burn injury outcomes following operative intervention based on nutritional status. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of operative patients admitted to our burn unit from July 2011 to May 2016...
October 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083447/animal-derived-protein-consumption-is-associated-with-muscle-mass-and-strength-in-community-dwellers-results-from-the-milan-expo-survey
#13
F Landi, R Calvani, M Tosato, A M Martone, A Picca, E Ortolani, G Savera, S Salini, M Ramaschi, R Bernabei, E Marzetti
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral factors, including protein intake, influence the quantity and quality of skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between animal-derived protein intake and muscle mass and function in a large sample of unselected community-dwellers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The VIP (Very Important Protein) study, conducted during Expo 2015 in Milan, was a population survey aimed at assessing major health metrics in a population outside of the research setting, with a special focus on the relation between animal-derived protein intake and muscle mass and function...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076801/quality-of-care-of-treatment-for-uncomplicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-provided-by-lady-health-workers-in-pakistan
#14
Eleanor Rogers, Muhammad Ali, Shahid Fazal, Deepak Kumar, Saul Guerrero, Imtiaz Hussain, Sajid Soofi, Jose Luis Alvarez Morán
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of care provided by lady health workers (LHW) managing cases of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the community. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quality-of-care study. SETTING: The feasibility of the implementation of screening and treatment for uncomplicated SAM in the community by LHW was tested in Sindh Province, Pakistan. An observational, clinical prospective multicentre cohort study compared the LHW-delivered care with the existing outpatient health facility model...
October 27, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075529/effects-of-nutrient-fortified-milk-based-formula-on-the-nutritional-status-and-psychomotor-skills-of-preschool-children
#15
Mavil May C Cervo, Diane S Mendoza, Erniel B Barrios, Leonora N Panlasigui
This randomized, single-masked, controlled trial examined the effects of nutrient-fortified milk-based formula supplementation on nutritional status, nutrient intake, and psychomotor skills of selected preschool children with mean age of 4.10 ± 0.14 years. The study participants were divided equally into three major groups, normal, underweight, and severely underweight based on WHO-Child Growth Standards, and were further divided into two groups: fortified milk group who was given two glasses of fortified milk (50 g of powdered milk/serving) a day for twelve weeks in addition to their usual diet and the nonintervention group who was not given fortified milk and thus maintained their usual intake...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037091/an-anthropometric-survey-of-u-s-preterm-and-full-term-neonates
#16
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Ian M Paul, Paula Delmore, Laura James, Laura Fearn, Andrew M Atz, Brenda B Poindexter, Amira Al-Uzri, Andrew Lewandowski, Barrie L Harper, P Brian Smith
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric data prove valuable for screening and monitoring various medical conditions. In young infants, however, only weight, length and head circumference are represented in publically accessible databases. AIM: To characterise length and circumferential measures in preterm and full-term infants up to 90 days postnatal age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In eight U.S. medical centres, trained raters recorded humeral, ulnar, femoral, tibial, and fibular lengths along with mid-upper arm, mid-thigh, chest, abdominal, and neck circumference...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025451/mid-upper-arm-circumference-a-surrogate-for-body-mass-index-in-pregnant-women
#17
Ahminah Fakier, Gregory Petro, S Fawcus
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in pregnancy has implications for both mother and fetus, hence the importance of an accurate assessment at the booking visit during antenatal care. The body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) is currently the gold standard for measuring body fatness. However, pregnancy-associated weight gain and oedema, as well as late booking in our population setting, cause concern about the reliability of using the BMI to assess body fat or nutritional status in pregnancy. The mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) has been used for many decades to assess malnutrition in children aged <5 years...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018004/mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-arm-to-height-ratio-to-identify-obesity-in-school-age-children
#18
Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol, Lakkana Rerksuppaphol
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings, anthropometric parameters are evaluated as potential alternatives to the body mass index (BMI) for detecting overweight and obesity in children. To this end, the mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and the mid-upper arm circumference to height ratio (AHtR) were evaluated as proxies to BMI in Thai school-age children. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional study was performed on school-aged children. PARTICIPANTS: Children in grades 1 through 6 at all public elementary schools in the Ongkharak district, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand during May and June 2013 were included...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985403/anthropometric-parameters-of-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-mothers-and-their-premature-infants
#19
Carike Fouché, Evette van Niekerk, Lisanne Monica du Plessis
This study aimed to assess the maternal anthropometric parameters of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers as well as to assess the neonatal anthropometric parameters of premature infants in relation to maternal anthropometric parameters (weight, height and mid-upper-arm circumference), HIV status and anti-retroviral therapy (ART) regimen. Study participants included HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers who gave birth to premature infants. All HIV-infected mothers received ART...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969228/role-of-mid-upper-arm-circumference-for-determining-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Madhur Jaiswal, Rajesh Bansal, Ashok Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity in adolescents and children has risen to alarming levels globally and this has led to serious public health consequences. AIM: To assess the use of Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) in the identification of overweight and obesity in North Indian children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Bareilly district of Uttar Pradesh, India, from October 2014 to November 2015. Anthropometric data (weight, height and MUAC) was collected from a cross-sectional sample of 875 children aged 5-14 year old...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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