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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435573/the-clinical-effectiveness-of-school-screening-programme-for-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-malaysia
#1
A S Deepak, J Y Ong, Dsk Choon, C K Lee, C K Chiu, Cyw Chan, M K Kwan
INTRODUCTION: There is no large population size study on school screening for scoliosis in Malaysia. This study is aimed to determine the prevalence rate and positive predictive value (PPV) of screening programme for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 8966 voluntary school students aged 13-15 years old were recruited for scoliosis screening. Screening was done by measuring the angle of trunk rotation (ATR) on forward bending test (FBT) using a scoliometer...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398852/two-pilot-randomized-trials-to-examine-feasibility-and-impact-of-treated-parents-as-peer-interventionists-in-family-based-pediatric-weight-management
#2
Brian E Saelens, Kelley Scholz, Kelly Walters, Jane M Simoni, Davene R Wright
BACKGROUND: To examine feasibility and initial efficacy of having previously treated parents serve as peer interventionists in family-based behavioral weight management treatment (FBT). METHODS: Children aged 7-11 years with overweight/obesity and parents (n = 59 families) were enrolled in one of two pilot trials, the EPICH (Engaging Parents in Child Health) randomized trial comparing professional versus peer FBT delivery or the Parent Partnership trial, which provided professionally delivered FBT to families (first generation) and then randomly assigned first generation parents to either be or not be peer interventionists for subsequent families (second generation)...
March 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393398/parental-strategies-used-in-the-family-meal-session-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-links-with-treatment-outcomes
#3
Hannah J White, Emma Haycraft, Sloane Madden, Paul Rhodes, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Andrew Wallis, Michael Kohn, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships between parental mealtime strategies used in the family meal session of family-based treatment (FBT) and adolescent outcomes at EOT (session 20). METHOD: Eighteen families with an adolescent receiving FBT-AN participated. Parental strategies during videoed family meals were assessed using a family mealtime coding system. Change scores were calculated for both adolescent %EBW and EDE scores. RESULTS: Increased use of parental direct and non-direct eating prompts during the family meal was associated with greater adolescent weight gain at EOT...
April 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372560/fish-sharing-as-a-risk-factor-for-opisthorchis-viverrini-infection-evidence-from-two-villages-in-north-eastern-thailand
#4
Parichat Saenna, Cameron Hurst, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce A Wilcox, Banchob Sripa
BACKGROUND: Foodborne trematodiasis (FBT) is a significant global health problem, with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, and Clonorchis sinensis contributing to half of the global burden of FBT. North-eastern Thailand where O. viverrini is endemic and un-cooked fish dishes remain an integral part of the food culture has the highest reported incidence of opisthorchiasis, including associated cholangiocarcinoma. Both food sharing and eating practices are potentially important factors in FTB, suggesting an important role for the social ecology of disease transmission in these rural communities...
April 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276681/boosting-up-performance-of-inverted-photovoltaic-cells-from-bis-alkylthien-2-yl-dithieno-2-3-d-2-3-d-benzo-1-2-b-4-5-b-di-thiophene-based-copolymers-by-advantageous-vertical-phase-separation
#5
Pengzhi Guo, Guoping Luo, Qiang Su, Jianfeng Li, Peng Zhang, Junfeng Tong, Chunyan Yang, Yangjun Xia, Hongbin Wu
The photovoltaic cells (PVCs) from conjugated copolymers of PDTBDT-BT and PDTBDT-FBT with 5,10-bis(4,5-didecylthien-2-yl)dithieno[2,3-d:2',3'-d']benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene as electron donor moieties and benzothiadiazole and/or 5,6-difluorobenzothiadiazole as electron acceptor moieties are optimized by employing alcohol-soluble PFN (poly(9,9-bis(3'-(N,N-dimethylamino)propyl)-2,7-fluorene)-alt-2,7-(9,9-dioctylfluorene)) as cathode modification interlayer. The power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of inverted PVCs (i-PVCs) from PDTBDT-BT and PDTBDT-FBT with devices configuration as ITO/PFN/active layer/MoO3/Ag are increased from 4...
March 29, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111431/initial-titration-with-200-%C3%AE-g-fentanyl-buccal-tablets-a-retrospective-safety-analysis-in-korean-cancer-patients
#6
Mi-Young Kwon, Ha-Na Cho, Dong-Hoe Koo, Yun-Gyoo Lee, Sukjoong Oh, Seung-Sei Lee
Background/Aims: Managing breakthrough pain (BTP) is important for many cancer patients because of the rapid onset and unpredictable nature of the pain episodes. Fentanyl buccal tablets (FBTs) are a rapid-onset opioid indicated for BTP management. However, FBT titration is needed to optimize BTP management. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of initiating 200 μg FBTs in Korean cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis of medical records was performed on all advanced cancer patients treated with FBTs for BTP between October 2014 and July 2015...
January 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109088/antioxidant-evaluation-and-composition-analysis-of-extracts-from-fuzhuan-brick-tea-and-its-comparison-with-two-instant-tea-products
#7
Qing-An Zhang, Xiao-Li Zhang, Yan-Ying Yan, Xue-Hui Fan
In this paper, the antioxidant capacities and compositions of two commercialized tea products and extracts from Fuzhuanbrick tea (FBT) were investigated using three HPLC methods comparing the retention times of injected standards. Principal component analysis and DPPH-spiking HPLC analysis were used to analyze correlation between antioxidant capacity and the compounds detected to screen which compounds contribute to antioxidant activity. Results indicated that all samples contained high amounts of polysaccharides, phenols, and flavonoids and had good antioxidant activity and a high level of correlation among them...
January 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917788/effects-of-long-term-training-program-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-young-subjects
#9
Alper Cenk Gürkan, Havva Demirel, Merve Demir, Emine Şeyda Atmaca, Gülnihal Bozöyük, Senol Dane
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a long-term training program of 10 weeks on static and dynamic balance parameters in a young healthy population. METHODS: Participants were 35 young healthy female subjects. Balance measurements were done using the Flamingo Balance Test (FBT) for static balance and the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) for dynamic balance. RESULTS: Dynamic balance points increased and static balance points decreased after a 10 week training protocol compared with before training, indicating improvement in both dynamic and static balance...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766837/vinylene-linked-oligothiophene-difluorobenzothiadiazole-copolymer-for-transistor-applications
#10
Abby Casey, Yang Han, Eliot Gann, Joshua P Green, Christopher R McNeill, Thomas D Anthopoulos, Martin Heeney
The synthesis of the novel donor-acceptor monomer 4,7-bis[(E)-2-(5-bromo-3-dodecylylthiophen-2-yl)ethenyl]-5,6-difluoro-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (FBT-V2T2) is reported. Polymerization with 4,4'-ditetradecyl-5,5'-bistrimethylstannyl-2,2'-bithiophene afforded a highly crystalline polymer that aggregated strongly in solution. Polymer films were well ordered resulting in high performance field-effect transistors with low onset voltages, negligible hysteresis, high channel current on/off ratios, and peak hole mobilities of up to 0...
November 16, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748543/delayed-treatment-of-the-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-early-childhood-increased-the-risk-of-renal-scarring
#11
Kyriaki A Karavanaki, Alexandra Soldatou, Athina Maria Koufadaki, Charalampos Tsentidis, Fotis A Haliotis, Constantinos J Stefanidis
AIM: This study evaluated the controversial relationship between the duration of fever before treatment initiation (FBT) for a febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), with renal scarring based on dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy (DMSA) findings. METHODS: The inpatient records of 148 children under two years of age with a first episode of febrile UTI were analysed. Acute and repeat DMSA findings, and clinical and laboratory parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: Acute DMSA showed that 76 of the 148 children with a febrile UTI had renal lesions: 20 were mild, and 56 were moderate or severe...
January 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722746/optical-properties-and-solvatofluorochromism-of-fluorene-derivatives-bearing-s-s-dioxidized-thiophene
#12
Tatsumoto Nakahama, Daichi Kitagawa, Hikaru Sotome, Syoji Ito, Hiroshi Miyasaka, Seiya Kobatake
We synthesized fluorene derivatives having phenylthiophene (FPT) or benzothiophene (FBT), and their S,S-dioxidized compounds (FPTO2, FPTO4, FBTO2 and FBTO4), which are prepared by oxidation of the thiophene rings in FPT and FBT with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. FPT and FBT exhibited similar optical properties for absorption maximum wavelength, fluorescence maximum wavelength and fluorescence quantum yield. However, the absorption and fluorescence spectra of FPTO2 were largely shifted toward a longer wavelength in comparison with those of FPT, and their fluorescence quantum yields dramatically decreased with oxidation...
October 5, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693898/effendys-fentanyl-buccal-tablet-for-the-relief-of-episodic-breathlessness-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-multicenter-open-label-randomized-morphine-controlled-crossover-phase-ii-trial
#13
Steffen T Simon, Marianne Kloke, Bernd Alt-Epping, Jan Gärtner, Martin Hellmich, Rebecca Hein, Maren Piel, Oliver A Cornely, Friedemann Nauck, Raymond Voltz
CONTEXT: Episodic breathlessness is a frequent and burdensome symptom in cancer patients but pharmacological treatment is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine time to onset, efficacy, feasibility and safety of transmucosal fentanyl in comparison to immediate-release morphine (IRM) for the relief of episodic breathlessness. METHODS: Phase II, investigator initiated, multicenter, open-label, randomized, morphine-controlled, crossover trial with open-label titration of fentanyl buccal tablet (FBT) in inpatients with incurable cancer...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636001/tuning-the-electronic-structure-and-properties-of-perylene-porphyrin-perylene-panchromatic-absorbers
#14
Javad Amanpour, Gongfang Hu, Eric J Alexy, Amit Kumar Mandal, Hyun Suk Kang, Jonathan M Yuen, James R Diers, David F Bocian, Jonathan S Lindsey, Dewey Holten
Light-harvesting architectures that afford strong absorption across the near-ultraviolet to near-infrared region, namely, panchromatic absorptivity, are potentially valuable for capturing the broad spectral distribution of sunlight. One previously reported triad consisting of two perylene monoimides strongly coupled to a free base porphyrin via ethyne linkers (FbT) shows panchromatic absorption together with a porphyrin-like S1 excited state albeit at lower energy than that of a typical monomeric porphyrin...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604330/epidemiology-of-secondary-fluid-bolus-therapy-for-infection-associated-hypotension
#15
Miklos Lipcsey, Ivan Subiakto, Jonathan Chiong, Melissa A Kaufman, Antoine G Schneider, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: Fluid bolus therapy (FBT) is a common therapy for hypotensive sepsis, but no studies have compared primary FBT (in the first 6 hours after presentation to the emergency department [ED]) with secondary FBT (6-24 hours after presentation to the ED). We aimed to describe the patterns of use, physiological sequelae and outcomes of patients with hypotensive sepsis who were treated with primary FBT or combined primary and secondary FBT (secondary FBT). DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: A retrospective observational study of patients with hypotensive sepsis presenting to the ED of a tertiary hospital from 1 January to 31 December 2010...
September 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601189/decreasing-food-fussiness-in-children-with-obesity-leads-to-greater-weight-loss-in-family-based-treatment
#16
Jacqueline F Hayes, Myra Altman, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Jodi Cahill Holland, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Food fussiness (FF), or the frequent rejection of both familiar and unfamiliar foods, is common among children and, given its link to poor diet quality, may contribute to the onset and/or maintenance of childhood obesity. This study examined child FF in association with anthropometric variables and diet in children with overweight/obesity participating in family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT). Change in FF was assessed in relation to FBT outcome, including whether change in diet quality mediated the relation between change in FF and change in child weight...
October 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596129/myeloablative-versus-reduced-intensity-conditioning-in-patients-with-myeloid-malignancies-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Hassan Sibai, Umberto Falcone, Uday Deotare, Fotios V Michelis, Jieun Uhm, Vikas Gupta, John Kuruvilla, Jeffrey H Lipton, Matthew D Seftel, Hans A Messner, Dennis Dong Hwan Kim
Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) has been shown to have similar overall survival (OS) but higher relapse rates compared with myeloablative (MAC) regimens in patients with myeloid malignancies undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis, well-balanced pairs of different variables can be compared effectively. We retrospectively compared allo-HSCT recipients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplasia receiving a RIC regimen (FBT200; fludarabine 30 mg/m(2)/day for 4 days, busulfan 3...
December 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501269/psychosocial-well-being-of-siblings-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Tanja van Langenberg, Susan M Sawyer, Daniel Le Grange, Elizabeth K Hughes
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is often first diagnosed in the adolescent years. The treatment with the greatest evidence during this time is family-based treatment (FBT). In FBT, siblings are expected to attend treatment sessions; however, sibling well-being during this time has not been well researched. This study aimed to explore sibling well-being when the ill child was initially diagnosed with AN and after FBT had been completed. METHOD: Eighty-five parents and 55 siblings of adolescents with AN completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire at diagnosis...
August 8, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455712/formation-of-ordered-4-fluorobenzenethiol-self-assembled-monolayers-on-au-111-from-vapor-phase-deposition
#19
Hungu Kang, Eisuke Ito, Masahiko Hara, Jaegeun Noh
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) were formed by the spontaneous adsorption of 4-fluorobenzenethiol (4-FBT) on Au(111) using both solution and ambient-pressure vapor deposition methods at room temperature. The surface structure and thermal desorption properties of 4-FBT SAMs were examined by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). STM imaging showed that 4-FBT SAMs formed in solution at room temperature mainly contained disordered phase with gold adatom islands, while those formed by ambient-pressure vapor deposition had well-ordered phase, which can be described as a (2 x 2√13)R45 degrees structure...
March 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453082/randomized-clinical-trial-of-parent-focused-treatment%C3%A2-and-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Daniel Le Grange, Elizabeth K Hughes, Andrew Court, Michele Yeo, Ross D Crosby, Susan M Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: There have been few randomized clinical trials (RCTs) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). Most of these posit that involving all family members in treatment supports favorable outcomes. However, at least 2 RCTs suggest that separate parent and adolescent sessions may be just as effective as conjoint treatment. This study compared the relative efficacy of family-based treatment (FBT) and parent-focused treatment (PFT). In PFT, the therapist meets with the parents only, while a nurse monitors the patient...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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