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Abby Casey, Yang Han, Eliot Gann, Joshua P Green, Christopher R McNeill, Thomas D Anthopoulos, Martin Heeney
The synthesis of the novel donor-acceptor monomer 4,7-bis[(E)-2-(5-bromo-3-dodecylylthiophen-2-yl)ethenyl]-5,6-difluoro-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (FBT-V2T2) is reported. Polymerization with 4,4'-ditetradecyl-5,5'-bistrimethylstannyl-2,2'-bithiophene afforded a highly crystalline polymer that aggregated strongly in solution. Polymer films were well ordered resulting in high performance field-effect transistors with low onset voltages, negligible hysteresis, high channel current on/off ratios and peak hole mobilities of up to 0...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kyriaki A Karavanaki, Alexandra Soldatou, Athina Maria Koufadaki, Charalampos Tsentidis, Fotis A Haliotis, Constantinos J Stefanidis
AIM: This study evaluated the controversial relationship between the duration of fever before treatment initiation (FBT) for a febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), with renal scarring based on dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy (DMSA) findings. METHODS: The inpatient records of 148 children under two years of age with a first episode of febrile UTI were analysed. Acute and repeat DMSA findings, clinical and laboratory parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: Acute DMSA showed that 76 of the 148 children with a febrile UTI had renal lesions: 20 were mild and 56 were moderate or severe...
October 17, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Tatsumoto Nakahama, Daichi Kitagawa, Hikaru Sotome, Syoji Ito, Hiroshi Miyasaka, Seiya Kobatake
We synthesized fluorene derivatives having phenylthiophene (FPT) or benzothiophene (FBT), and their S,S-dioxidized compounds (FPTO2, FPTO4, FBTO2 and FBTO4), which are prepared by oxidation of the thiophene rings in FPT and FBT with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. FPT and FBT exhibited similar optical properties for absorption maximum wavelength, fluorescence maximum wavelength and fluorescence quantum yield. However, the absorption and fluorescence spectra of FPTO2 were largely shifted toward a longer wavelength in comparison with those of FPT, and their fluorescence quantum yields dramatically decreased with oxidation...
October 5, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Steffen T Simon, Marianne Kloke, Bernd Alt-Epping, Jan Gärtner, Martin Hellmich, Rebecca Hein, Maren Piel, Oliver A Cornely, Friedemann Nauck, Raymond Voltz
CONTEXT: Episodic breathlessness is a frequent and burdensome symptom in cancer patients but pharmacological treatment is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine time to onset, efficacy, feasibility and safety of transmucosal fentanyl in comparison to immediate-release morphine (IRM) for the relief of episodic breathlessness. METHODS: Phase II, investigator initiated, multicenter, open-label, randomized, morphine-controlled, crossover trial with open-label titration of fentanyl buccal tablet (FBT) in inpatients with incurable cancer...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Javad Amanpour, Gongfang Hu, Eric J Alexy, Amit Kumar Mandal, Hyun Suk Kang, Jonathan M Yuen, James R Diers, David F Bocian, Jonathan S Lindsey, Dewey Holten
Light-harvesting architectures that afford strong absorption across the near-ultraviolet to near-infrared region, namely, panchromatic absorptivity, are potentially valuable for capturing the broad spectral distribution of sunlight. One previously reported triad consisting of two perylene monoimides strongly coupled to a free base porphyrin via ethyne linkers (FbT) shows panchromatic absorption together with a porphyrin-like S1 excited state albeit at lower energy than that of a typical monomeric porphyrin...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Miklos Lipcsey, Ivan Subiakto, Jonathan Chiong, Melissa A Kaufman, Antoine G Schneider, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: Fluid bolus therapy (FBT) is a common therapy for hypotensive sepsis, but no studies have compared primary FBT (in the first 6 hours after presentation to the emergency department [ED]) with secondary FBT (6-24 hours after presentation to the ED). We aimed to describe the patterns of use, physiological sequelae and outcomes of patients with hypotensive sepsis who were treated with primary FBT or combined primary and secondary FBT (secondary FBT). DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: A retrospective observational study of patients with hypotensive sepsis presenting to the ED of a tertiary hospital from 1 January to 31 December 2010...
September 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
Jacqueline F Hayes, Myra Altman, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Jodi Cahill Holland, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Food fussiness (FF), or the frequent rejection of both familiar and unfamiliar foods, is common among children and, given its link to poor diet quality, may contribute to the onset and/or maintenance of childhood obesity. This study examined child FF in association with anthropometric variables and diet in children with overweight/obesity participating in family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT). Change in FF was assessed in relation to FBT outcome, including whether change in diet quality mediated the relation between change in FF and change in child weight...
October 2016: Obesity
Hassan Sibai, Umberto Falcone, Uday Deotare, Fotios V Michelis, Jieun Uhm, Vikas Gupta, John Kuruvilla, Jeffrey H Lipton, Matthew D Seftel, Hans A Messner, Dennis Dong Hwan Kim
Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) has been shown to have similar overall survival (OS) but higher relapse rates compared with myeloablative (MAC) regimens in patients with myeloid malignancies undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis, well-balanced pairs of different variables can be compared effectively. We retrospectively compared allo-HSCT recipients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplasia receiving a RIC regimen (FBT200; fludarabine 30 mg/m(2)/day for 4 days, busulfan 3...
September 3, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Tanja van Langenberg, Susan M Sawyer, Daniel Le Grange, Elizabeth K Hughes
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is often first diagnosed in the adolescent years. The treatment with the greatest evidence during this time is family-based treatment (FBT). In FBT, siblings are expected to attend treatment sessions; however, sibling well-being during this time has not been well researched. This study aimed to explore sibling well-being when the ill child was initially diagnosed with AN and after FBT had been completed. METHOD: Eighty-five parents and 55 siblings of adolescents with AN completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire at diagnosis...
August 8, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Hungu Kang, Eisuke Ito, Masahiko Hara, Jaegeun Noh
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) were formed by the spontaneous adsorption of 4-fluorobenzenethiol (4-FBT) on Au(111) using both solution and ambient-pressure vapor deposition methods at room temperature. The surface structure and thermal desorption properties of 4-FBT SAMs were examined by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). STM imaging showed that 4-FBT SAMs formed in solution at room temperature mainly contained disordered phase with gold adatom islands, while those formed by ambient-pressure vapor deposition had well-ordered phase, which can be described as a (2 x 2√13)R45 degrees structure...
March 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Daniel Le Grange, Elizabeth K Hughes, Andrew Court, Michele Yeo, Ross D Crosby, Susan M Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: There have been few randomized clinical trials (RCTs) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). Most of these posit that involving all family members in treatment supports favorable outcomes. However, at least 2 RCTs suggest that separate parent and adolescent sessions may be just as effective as conjoint treatment. This study compared the relative efficacy of family-based treatment (FBT) and parent-focused treatment (PFT). In PFT, the therapist meets with the parents only, while a nurse monitors the patient...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Emily M Pisetsky, Linsey M Utzinger, Carol B Peterson
Currently, research support is strongest for family-based treatment (FBT) for the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) in adolescents. However, a strong evidence base for treatments for older adolescents and young adults with AN is lacking. Emphasizing social support in the treatment of AN may be beneficial for older adolescents and young adults with AN. This paper provides a brief review of the literature on FBT for adolescent AN and provides a case example of adolescent AN treated with FBT. We then discuss novel treatments that have incorporated social support for older adolescents and young adults with AN, such as modified FBT and couples-based interventions...
August 2016: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
Shailesh Bihari, David J Teubner, Shivesh Prakash, Thomas Beatty, Mark Morphett, Rinaldo Bellomo, Andrew Bersten
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present paper is to study the indications for fluid bolus therapy (FBT) and its associated physiological changes in ED patients. METHODS: Prospective observational study of FBT in a tertiary ED, we recorded indications, number, types and volumes, resuscitation goals and perceived success rates of FBT. Moreover, we studied key physiological variables before, 10 min, 1 h and 2 h after FBT. RESULTS: We studied 500 FBT episodes (750 [500-1250] mL)...
October 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Mandy Goldstein, Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Kathryn Rayner, Jessica Podkowka, Joel E Bateman, Andrew Wallis, Christopher E Thornton
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe psychiatric illness with little evidence supporting treatment in adults. Among adolescents with AN, family-based treatment (FBT) is considered first-line outpatient approach, with a growing evidence base. However, research on FBT has stemmed from specialist services in research/public health settings. This study investigated the effectiveness of FBT in a case series of adolescent AN treated in a private practice setting. METHOD: Thirty-four adolescents with full or partial AN, diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria, participated, and were assessed at pretreatment and post-treatment...
June 8, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Yu Zheng, Xiaojun Wu, Yini Dang, Yan Yang, Jan D Reinhardt, Yingjie Dang
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of idiopathic scoliosis in children aged 6-13 years and the corresponding predictors in China, based on a representative sample from Beitang District, Wuxi. METHODS: A total of 11,024 primary school students aged 6-13 years were enrolled. Students who had an angle of trunk inclination (ATI) ≥ 5° (determined by the forward bending test (FBT) combined with a scoliometer) were referred to our clinic for X-ray examination. Their diagnosis was confirmed by Cobb angles of ≥ 10°...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Zhenguo Wang, Zuojia Li, Jiang Liu, Jun Mei, Kai Li, Ying Li, Qiang Peng
Small molecules containing an oligothiophene backbone are simple but effective donor materials for organic solar cells (OSCs). In this work, we incorporated rigid 2,2'-bithiophene (BT) or fluorinated 2,2'-bithiophene (FBT) as the central unit and synthesized two novel small molecules (TTH-D3TRh and TTF-D3TRh) with an oligothiophene backbone and 3-ethylrhodanine end groups. Both molecules exhibit good thermal stability as well as strong and broad absorption. The fluorination of the BT central unit made TTF-D3TRh possess a relatively lower-lying HOMO energy level, better molecular stacking, and higher mobility in comparison with those of TTH-D3TRh...
May 11, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Airton José de Luna, Douglas Alves Santos
Worldwide, year by year, Fenton's Technologies have been highlighted in both academic and patent scopes, in part due to their proven efficiency as environment-friendly technologies destined to the abatement of organic pollutants, and also by their growing interest to produce industrial applications. Thus, aiming to understand the effective dynamic between two worlds, academy vs patents, the present study performs a comparative analysis about publications on Fenton-based Technologies (FbT). Therefore, in this work, technological foresight techniques were adopted focusing on patent and non-patent databases, employing for this, the Web of Science (WoS) database as a prospecting tool...
April 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
James Lock, W Stewart Agras, S W Bryson, Harry Brandt, Katherine A Halmi, Walter Kaye, Denise Wilfley, Blake Woodside, Sarah Pajarito, Booil Jo
OBJECTIVE: We examined the timing and number of days of hospitalization during the course of treatment, hospitalization effects on outcome, and predictors and moderators of the use of hospitalization in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: Data used in this study were collected from 158 adolescents (ages 12 to 18 years of age) who met DSM-IVTR criteria for AN (exclusive of the amenorrhea criteria) randomized to receive either Family Based Treatment (FBT) or Systemic Family Therapy (SyFT) in a 7 site study...
September 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Eunice Y Chen, Jessica A Weissman, Thomas A Zeffiro, Angelina Yiu, Kalina T Eneva, Jean M Arlt, Michael J Swantek
OBJECTIVE: We examined the preliminary acceptability and efficacy of family-based therapy (FBT) for weight restoration in young adults (FBTY) with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). METHOD: Twenty-two primarily female participants ranging from age 18 to 26, with AN or atypical AN (ICD-10) and their support adults were enrolled in a 6-month open trial of FBTY. Participants were assessed at baseline, after treatment, and at six and 12 month follow-up visits. The primary outcome was BMI and secondary outcomes included eating disorder psychopathology, current eating disorder obsessions, and compulsions, number of other Axis I disorders and global assessment of functioning...
July 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Cantwell G Carson, Jonathan S Levine
The concept of a finite body Dirichlet tessellation has been extended to that of a finite body Delaunay 'triangulation' to provide a more meaningful description of the spatial distribution of nonspherical secondary phase bodies in 2- and 3-dimensional images. A finite body triangulation (FBT) consists of a network of minimum edge-to-edge distances between adjacent objects in a microstructure. From this is also obtained the characteristic object chords formed by the intersection of the object boundary with the finite body tessellation...
September 2016: Journal of Microscopy
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