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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781302/does-continuing-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-improve-outcomes-in-those-not-remitted-after-20-sessions
#1
Andrew Wallis, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Colleen Alford, Paul Rhodes, Stephen Touyz
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the benefit of ongoing family-based treatment (FBT) sessions for adolescent anorexia nervosa if remission criteria were not met at session 20. METHOD: Participants were 69 medically unstable adolescents with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed; DSM-IV) anorexia nervosa from a randomized controlled trial investigating length of hospital admission prior to outpatient FBT. Participants were divided post hoc into those meeting remission criteria at session 20 ( n = 16), those that had not remitted but continued with FBT ( n = 39) and those who ceased FBT undertaking alternative treatments ( n = 14)...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761703/nonfullerene-acceptor-with-donor-acceptor-combined-%C3%AF-bridge-for-organic-photovoltaics-with-large-open-circuit-voltage
#2
Yang Yang, Jiacheng Wang, Han Xu, Xiaowei Zhan, Xingguo Chen
In this work, a kind of "D-A (Donor-Acceptor) combined pi-bridge" based on the regioselective reactivity of monofluoro-substituted benzothiadiazole (FBT) to link a thiophene ring has been designed to construct a new A-pi-D-pi-A type small molecular acceptor (IDT-FBTR) with indacenodithienothiophene (IDT) as a central core (D) and 3-octyl-2-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)rhodanine as an electron-withdrawing terminal group (A). Due to the strong intramolecular push-pull electron effect, IDT-FBTR shows a strong and broad intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) absorption band in the range of 500-750 nm...
May 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743538/which-technology-to-select-for-primary-focal-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-european-section-of-urotechnology-esut-position-statement
#3
REVIEW
Roman Ganzer, Vinodh Kumar Adithyaa Arthanareeswaran, Hashim U Ahmed, Andrea Cestari, Pascal Rischmann, Georg Salomon, Dogu Teber, Evangelos Liatsikos, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Eric Barret
BACKGROUND: With growing interest in focal therapy (FT) of prostate cancer (PCa) there is an increasing armamentarium of treatment modalities including high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), cryotherapy, focal laser ablation (FLA), irreversible electroporation (IRE), vascular targeted photodynamic therapy (VTP), focal brachytherapy (FBT) and stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). Currently there are no clear recommendations as to which of these technologies are appropriate for individual patient characteristics...
May 9, 2018: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730012/evaluation-of-chemical-property-cytotoxicity-and-antioxidant-activity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-of-polysaccharides-from-fuzhuan-brick-teas
#4
Guijie Chen, Mingjia Wang, Minhao Xie, Peng Wan, Dan Chen, Bing Hu, Hong Ye, Xiaoxiong Zeng, Zhonghua Liu
Fuzhuan brick tea (FBT) possesses various health-promoting functions. However, the available information regarding biological activity of polysaccharides from FBT (FBTPS) is still limited. In this work, the chemical property, cytotoxicity and antioxidant activity in vitro and in vivo of FBTPS were evaluated. It was found that FBTPSs were typical acidic heteropolysaccharides mainly composed of Man, Rha, GalA, Glc, Gal and Ara with little molar content of Rib and GlcA. FBTPS showed little toxicity to human hepatic epithelial (L-02) cell...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691947/using-bivariate-latent-basis-growth-curve-analysis-to-better-understand-treatment-outcome-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Catherine E Byrne, Joseph A Wonderlich, Timothy Curby, Sarah Fischer, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between eating-related obsessionality and weight restoration utilizing bivariate latent basis growth curve modelling. Eating-related obsessionality is a moderator of treatment outcome for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). This study examined the degree to which the rate of change in eating-related obsessionality was associated with the rate of change in weight over time in family-based treatment (FBT) and individual therapy for AN. METHOD: Data were drawn from a 2-site randomized controlled trial that compared FBT and adolescent focused therapy for AN...
April 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683775/-they-don-t-really-get-heard-a-qualitative-study-of-sibling-involvement-across-two-forms-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Tanja van Langenberg, Rony E Duncan, J Sabura Allen, Susan M Sawyer, Daniel Le Grange, Elizabeth K Hughes
Little is known about the involvement of siblings in family-based treatment (FBT) for anorexia nervosa (AN). To explore the experience of families, adolescents who had completed FBT, their siblings, and parents were interviewed. Siblings reported that involvement in FBT enhanced their understanding of anorexia and that they supported their family in various ways. While siblings often wished they had attended more sessions, there was no consensus among parents and patients regarding sibling attendance and many were concerned about potential negative impacts on siblings...
April 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676448/together-i-can-joint-attention-boosts-3-to-4-year-olds-performance-in-a-verbal-false-belief-test
#7
Elia Psouni, Andreas Falck, Leni Boström, Martin Persson, Lisa Sidén, Maria Wallin
Effects of joint attention were addressed on 3- to 4-year-olds' performance in a verbal false-Belief Test (FBT), featuring the experimenter as co-watcher rather than narrator. In two experiments, children (N = 183) watched a filmed-FBT jointly with a test leader, disjointed from a test leader, or alone. Children attending jointly with a test leader were more likely to pass the FBT compared with normative data and to spontaneously recall information indicating false-belief understanding, suggesting that joint attention strengthens the plausibility of the FBT and renders plot-critical information more salient...
April 20, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520998/does-respiratory-variation-of-inferior-vena-cava-diameter-predict-fluid-responsiveness-in-spontaneously-ventilating-children-with-sepsis
#8
Elliot Long, Trevor Duke, Ed Oakley, Adam O'Brien, Bennett Sheridan, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: The intent of fluid bolus therapy (FBT) is to increase cardiac output and tissue perfusion, yet only 50% of septic children are fluid responsive. We evaluated respiratory variation of inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter as a predictor of fluid responsiveness. METHODS: A prospective observational study in the ED of The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. Patients were spontaneously ventilating children treated with FBT for sepsis-induced acute circulatory failure...
March 8, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479232/a-shift-to-placing-parents-in-charge-does-it-improve-weight-gain-in-youth-with-anorexia
#9
Joanne L Gusella, Anna G Campbell, Kristin Lalji
Family-based treatment (FBT) has emerged as a promising approach for medically stable youth with anorexia nervosa (AN). While there is evidence that therapists embrace the core principles of FBT, most face barriers in implementing the model with fidelity. Little research has been conducted to determine whether adhering to the core methods of placing parents in charge are sufficient in restoring weight in youth with AN. This study involved a chart review of youth under 16 years of age, treated by a Canadian tertiary care health centre-based eating disorders team (EDT)...
August 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477318/impact-of-scba-size-and-firefighting-work-cycle-on-firefighter-functional-balance
#10
Richard M Kesler, Grace S Deetjen, Faith F Bradley, Michael J Angelini, Matthew N Petrucci, Karl S Rosengren, Gavin P Horn, Elizabeth T Hsiao-Wecksler
Slips, trips and falls are leading causes of fireground injuries. A functional balance test (FBT) was used to investigate the effects of self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) size and design, plus firefighting work cycle. During the FBT, subjects walked along a narrow platform and turned in defined spaces, with and without an overhead obstacle. Thirty firefighters wore three varying-sized standard SCBAs and a low-profile prototype SCBA during three simulated firefighting work/rest cycles. Firefighters were tested pre- and post-firefighting activity (one bout, two bouts with a 5-min break, or back-to-back bouts with no break)...
May 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446174/comorbid-depressive-symptoms-and-self-esteem-improve-after-either-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#11
Fabiola Valenzuela, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange, Cara Bohon
This study examined the effect of family-based treatment for bulimia nervosa (FBT-BN) and cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents (CBT-A) on depressive symptoms and self-esteem in adolescents with BN. Data were collected from 110 adolescents, ages 12-18, who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition, text revision criteria for BN or partial BN. Participants were randomly assigned to FBT-BN or CBT-A and completed measures of depressive symptoms and self-esteem before and after treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-up assessments...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417594/feasibility-of-a-parent-education-and-skills-workshop-for-improving-response-to-family-based-treatment-of-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Maria Ganci, Martin Pradel, Elizabeth K Hughes
OBJECTIVE: Early response to family-based treatment (FBT) is a robust predictor of positive outcomes for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). We introduced a parent education and skills workshop in the first 4 weeks of treatment with the aim of improving changes in parent self-efficacy in FBT and, in turn, patient weight gain. METHOD: Forty-five families who had at least one parent attend the workshop were compared to a matched control of families who did FBT before the workshop was introduced...
April 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413819/caregiver-burden-and-illness-perceptions-in-caregivers-of-medically-hospitalized-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Abigail Matthews, Katrina R Lenz, James Peugh, Emily C Copps, Claire M Peterson
Caregiver burden is common in caregivers of youth with anorexia nervosa (AN) and could impede the successful implementation of family-based therapy (FBT). Thus, it is important to better understand mechanisms by which caregiver burden is developed and maintained. This study aimed to examine the relation between caregiver illness perceptions about AN, symptom severity indicators, and caregiver burden in a sample of medically hospitalized youth with AN. Fifty-one youth with AN (N = 34) or Atypical AN (AAN; N = 17; mean age = 14...
February 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378515/the-effects-of-an-8-week-computerized-cognitive-training-program-in-older-adults-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lisanne F Ten Brinke, John R Best, Rachel A Crockett, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND: Given the world's aging population, it is important to identify strategies that promote healthy cognitive aging and minimize cognitive decline. Currently, no curative pharmaceutical therapy exists for cognitive impairment and dementia. As a result, there is much interest in lifestyle approaches. Specifically, complex mental activity, such as cognitive training, may be a promising method to combat cognitive decline in older adults. As such, the industry of commercial computerized cognitive training (CCT) applications has rapidly grown in the last decade...
January 30, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375633/open-trial-of-family-based-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-for-transition-age-youth
#15
Gina Dimitropoulos, Ashley L Landers, Victoria Freeman, Jason Novick, Andrea Garber, Daniel Le Grange
Objective: This pilot study conducted an open trial of a manualized adaptation to Family-Based Treatment for Transition Age Youth (FBT-TAY) for Anorexia Nervosa (AN). The aims were: (1) determine the acceptability of FBT for TAY; and, (2) establish preliminary effect sizes for the impact of FBT-TAY on eating disorder behaviour and weight restoration. Method: Twenty-six participants across two paediatric and one adult hospital site were recruited to participate. Participants completed the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) at the start of treatment, the end-of-treatment, and three-month follow-up...
January 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345748/kudingcha-and-fuzhuan-brick-tea-prevent-obesity-and-modulate-gut-microbiota-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#16
Guijie Chen, Minhao Xie, Zhuqing Dai, Peng Wan, Hong Ye, Xiaoxiong Zeng, Yi Sun
SCOPE: Kudingcha (KDC) from Ilex kudingcha and Fuzhuan brick tea (FBT) are popular beverages in China, and their preventive and therapeutic roles in metabolic disorders have been reported. However, the relationship between the gut microbiota modulatory effects of KDC and FBT and prevention of obesity is still not clearly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: KDC and FBT were tested individually for their capacities to prevent obesity and modulate the gut microbiota in high-fat diet (HFD) fed C57BL/6J mice...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326761/prevalence-rate-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-of-school-based-screening-in-surabaya-indonesia
#17
I S Komang-Agung, S B Dwi-Purnomo, A Susilowati
Introduction: Scoliosis is a lateral spinal deformity of 10 degrees or more, resulting in a C-shaped or S-shaped curve of the spine. Information about adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) prevalence rate is important not only for paediatric health care planning strategy but also for parent's awareness. This study aims to find the suitable inclination cut-off angle and the prevalence rate of AIS in Surabaya, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in 2010. We performed stratified random sampling of 784 Elementary and Junior High School students in Surabaya between 9-16 years of age...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315853/stirring-up-acceptor-phase-and-controlling-morphology-via-choosing-appropriate-rigid-aryl-rings-as-lever-arms-in-symmetry-breaking-benzodithiophene-for-high-performance-fullerene-and-fullerene-free-polymer-solar-cells
#18
Deyu Liu, Junyi Wang, Chunyang Gu, Yonghai Li, Xichang Bao, Renqiang Yang
Two series of new polymers with medium and wide bandgaps to match fullerene (PC71 BM) and fullerene-free 3,9-bis(2-methylene-(3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-indanone))-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2',3'-d']-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']dithiophene (ITIC) acceptors are designed and synthesized, respectively. For constructing the key donor building blocks, the effective symmetry-breaking strategy is employed. Two common aromatic rings (thiophene and benzene) are chosen as one side substituted groups in the asymmetric benzodithiophene (BDT) monomers...
February 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314160/are-parental-self-efficacy-and-family-flexibility-mediators-of-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Katherine D Arnow, Lilya Osipov, James D Lock, Booil Jo, Sarah Pajarito, Harry Brandt, Elizabeth Dodge, Katherine A Halmi, Craig Johnson, Walter Kaye, Denise Wilfley, W Stewart Agras
OBJECTIVE: Family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN) promotes faster weight restoration when compared to other treatments. However, the mechanisms through which this occurs are not clarified. This study explored the trajectories of parental self-efficacy and perceived family flexibility during FBT and systemic family therapy (SyFT). We also explored whether parental self-efficacy mediates the effects of treatment on weight gain early in treatment. METHOD: 158 adolescents (12-18 years old; 89% girls) and their parents were randomized to FBT or SyFT...
March 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309954/impaired-theory-of-mind-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-with-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy-association-with-behavioral-manifestations-of-executive-dysfunction
#20
Ting Zhang, Lingyan Chen, Yu Wang, Mengmeng Zhang, Lanlan Wang, Xiangjun Xu, Gairong Xiao, Jing Chen, Yeru Shen, Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder with a core feature of cognitive impairments. Previous studies showed that patients with focal epilepsy have deficits in both theory of mind (ToM) and executive function (EF). However, there are few studies of ToM in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), especially in populations with pediatric epilepsy. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of ToM and EF, including some of their subcomponents, and explore the relationship between them in Chinese children with IGE...
February 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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