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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913833/symptom-trajectories-throughout-two-family-therapy-treatments-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Stuart B Murray, Eva Pila, Daniel Le Grange, Susan M Sawyer, Elizabeth K Hughes
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the trajectory of symptom remission and affective functioning throughout the course of two family-based treatments for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN): conjoint family-based treatment (FBT) and parent-focused treatment (PFT). METHOD: Participants were 107 adolescents (Mage  = 15.5 years, SD = 1.5) with a primary diagnosis of AN who participated in a randomized clinical trial comparing FBT (N = 55) and PFT (N = 51)...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886481/identifying-sleep-spindles-with-multichannel-eeg-and-classification-optimization
#2
Ning Mei, Michael D Grossberg, Kenneth Ng, Karen T Navarro, Timothy M Ellmore
Researchers classify critical neural events during sleep called spindles that are related to memory consolidation using the method of scalp electroencephalography (EEG). Manual classification is time consuming and is susceptible to low inter-rater agreement. This could be improved using an automated approach. This study presents an optimized filter based and thresholding (FBT) model to set up a baseline for comparison to evaluate machine learning models using naïve features, such as raw signals, peak frequency, and dominant power...
September 1, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878927/themes-arising-in-clinical-consultation-for-therapists-implementing-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-qualitative-study
#3
J Couturier, J Lock, M Kimber, G McVey, M Barwick, A Niccols, C Webb, S Findlay, T Woodford
BACKGROUND: Our study aims to explore and describe themes arising in sessions of clinical consultation with therapists implementing Family-Based Treatment (FBT) for adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). There is currently no literature describing the content of clinical consultation for FBT. Thus, this knowledge will add to the evidence-base on what therapists need from consultants in ongoing clinical consultation. METHODS: Eight therapists at four sites participated in this study, which spanned a two-year period...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842402/cost-effectiveness-of-family-based-obesity-treatment
#4
Teresa Quattrin, Ying Cao, Rocco A Paluch, James N Roemmich, Michelle A Ecker, Leonard H Epstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We translated family-based behavioral treatment (FBT) to treat children with overweight and obesity and their parents in the patient-centered medical home. We reported greater reductions in child and parent weight at 6 and 24 months compared with an attention-controlled information control (IC) group. This article reports the cost-effectiveness of long-term weight change for FBT compared with IC. METHODS: Ninety-six children 2 to 5 years of age with overweight or obesity and with parents who had a BMI ≥25 were randomly assigned to FBT or IC, and both received diet and activity education (12-month treatment and 12-month follow-up)...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803087/effect-of-prophylactic-fentanyl-buccal-tablet-on-episodic-exertional-dyspnea-a-pilot-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
David Hui, Kelly Kilgore, Susan Frisbee-Hume, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Diwakar D Balachandran, Eduardo Bruera
CONTEXT: Episodic dyspnea is one of the most common, debilitating and difficult-to-treat symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a pilot study to examine the effect of prophylactic FBT on exercise-induced dyspnea. METHODS: In this parallel, double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial, opioid-tolerant patients were asked to complete a 6 minute walk test (6MWT) at baseline, then a second 6MWT 30 minutes after a single dose of FBT (equivalent to 20-50% of their total opioid dose) or matching placebo...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801943/utilizing-telehealth-to-deliver-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Kristen E Anderson, Catherine E Byrne, Ross D Crosby, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and preliminary effect size on the main outcome measure (weight gain) of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and their families delivered via a Telehealth platform (i.e., an HIPAA compliant videoconferencing format). METHOD: Ten adolescents, mean age of 16.08 years (SD = 1.99), meeting DSM-5 criteria for AN or atypical AN, were enrolled in the study and offered FBT via a Telehealth platform...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770090/relational-containment-exploring-the-effect-of-family-based-treatment-for-anorexia-on-familial-relationships
#7
Andrew Wallis, Paul Rhodes, Lisa Dawson, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the process of familial relationship change for adolescents with anorexia nervosa and their parents, who participated in Family-Based Treatment (FBT). METHOD: A Constructionist grounded theory design was employed with purposive sampling. Sixteen young people between 12 and 18 years with a good outcome in FBT and twenty-eight of their parents participated. Young people and their parents took part in separate interviews at the end of treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754548/impact-of-the-outcome-of-fresh-blastocyst-transfer-on-the-subsequent-frozen-thawed-blastocyst-transfer-cycle
#8
Tarek El-Toukhy, Julia Y Kopeika, Yusuf Beebeejaun, Omar El Tokhy, Jyotsna Pundir, Yacoub Khalaf
The objective of this observational study was to assess the influence of the outcome of fresh blastocyst transfer on the success rate of the subsequent sibling frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer (FBT) cycle. In total, 1639 FBT cycles were divided into two groups: Group A (n = 698) cycles in which a positive pregnancy test result was achieved and Group B (n = 941) cycles in which no pregnancy was achieved in the preceding fresh IVF cycle. Mean age at cryopreservation, basal FSH level, number of oocytes retrieved, number of embryos transferred in the fresh cycle and survival rate of the thawed blastocysts in the FBT cycle were comparable between the two groups...
July 13, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648486/focal-brachytherapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer-urinary-toxicity-depends-on-tumor-location
#9
Victor Srougi, Eric Barret, Igor Nunes-Silva, Mohammed Baghdadi, Silvia Garcia-Barreras, Noelle Pierrat, Francois Rozet, Marc Galiano, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Xavier Cathelineau, Jean-Marc Cosset
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether patients with prostate cancer have worse functional urinary recovery with focal brachytherapy (FBT) at the base versus the apex of the prostate. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The functional outcomes of patients treated with FBT at the base of the prostate were compared with those of patients treated with FBT at the apex. Urinary symptoms, continence, and erectile dysfunction were measured using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Continence Score (ICS), and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaires, respectively, at baseline and at 6, 12, and 24 months after treatment...
June 22, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627031/the-influence-of-oxygen-atoms-on-conformation-and-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-stacking-of-ladder-type-donor-based-polymers-and-their-photovoltaic-properties
#10
Tong Qin, Yue Zang, Wei-Yun Bai, Kai Yao, Yun-Xiang Xu
A novel ladder-type donor pyran-bridged indacenodithiophene (IDTP) is developed by introducing two oxygen atoms into indacenodithiophene unit. IDTP possesses a twisted backbone and leads to facially asymmetric arrangement of side chains, resulting in enhanced local π-π stacking of according polymer poly[(5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-octylphenyl)-5,11-dihydrothieno[2',3':5,6]pyrano[3,4-g]thieno[3,2-c]isochromene)-alt-4,7-(5-fluoro-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] (PIDTP)-FBT, which shows extended absorption range. Moreover, oxygen atoms render deeper highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) levels of poly[indacenodithiophene-alt-4,7-(5-fluoro-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] (PIDTP)-FBT compared with PIDT-FBT, therefore bringing a higher open-circuit voltage (Voc )...
August 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615982/family-based-treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-current-insights
#11
REVIEW
Renee D Rienecke
Eating disorders are serious illnesses associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Family-based treatment (FBT) has emerged as an effective intervention for adolescents with anorexia nervosa, and preliminary evidence suggests that it may be efficacious in the treatment of adolescents with bulimia nervosa. Multifamily therapy for anorexia nervosa provides a more intensive experience for families needing additional support. This review outlines the three phases of treatment, key tenets of family-based treatment, and empirical support for FBT...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594629/adverse-effects-of-outcome-monitoring-feedback-in-patients-with-personality-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-day-treatment-and-inpatient-settings
#12
Kim de Jong, Jaap Segaar, Theo Ingenhoven, Jan van Busschbach, Reinier Timman
This study aimed to evaluate the differential effect of outcome monitoring feedback to therapists and to patients on outcomes in cluster B, cluster C, and personality disorder not otherwise specified (PD-NOS) patients. Day treatment patients (n = 112) and inpatients (n = 94) were randomly assigned to a feedback to therapist (FbT), feedback to therapist and patient (FbTP), or no feedback (NFb) condition. Feedback was based on weekly administrations of the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45). In cluster B and PD-NOS patients FbTP resulted in increased OQ-45 scores during the first 6 months of therapy for not on track (NOT) patients...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580715/parental-guided-self-help-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-feasibility-study
#13
James Lock, Alison Darcy, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Molly Vierhile, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit
OBJECTIVE: Family Based Treatment (FBT) is an evidenced based treatment for adolescent Anorexia Nervosa (AN), but many families cannot access it. This study evaluated feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary treatment effects of a parental guided self-help (GSH) version of FBT for adolescent AN. METHOD: This was a case-series design. Parents of medically stable adolescents (11-18 years) with DSM-5 AN were recruited over 12 months. Parents received online training in parental GSH FBT and 12 20-30 min GSH sessions by phone or online over 6 months...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569604/adaptation-and-implementation-of-family-based-treatment-enhanced-with-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-for-anorexia-nervosa-in-community-based-specialist-clinics
#14
Erin C Accurso, Ellen Astrachan-Fletcher, Setareh O'Brien, Susan F McClanahan, Daniel Le Grange
Although family-based therapy (FBT) is a well-established treatment for anorexia nervosa, its implementation and effectiveness in clinical settings has been neglected. A group of seven therapists at a community-based eating disorders clinic were trained in skills-enhanced FBT and provided treatment to 11 youth with anorexia nervosa. Family-based skills training, which borrowed heavily from dialectical behavior therapy, was introduced in four additional sessions and then integrated throughout the remainder of FBT...
June 1, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558104/effect-of-attendance-of-the-child-on-body-weight-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-childhood-obesity-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kerri N Boutelle, Kyung E Rhee, June Liang, Abby Braden, Jennifer Douglas, David Strong, Cheryl L Rock, Denise E Wilfley, Leonard H Epstein, Scott J Crow
Importance: Family-based weight loss treatment (FBT) is considered the gold-standard treatment for childhood obesity and is provided to the parent and child. However, parent-based treatment (PBT), which is provided to the parent without the child, could be similarly effective and easier to disseminate. Objective: To determine whether PBT is similarly effective as FBT on child weight loss over 24 months. Secondary aims evaluated the effect of these 2 treatments on parent weight loss, child and parent dietary intake, child and parent physical activity, parenting style, and parent feeding behaviors...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486889/coming-full-circle-thirty-years-of-paediatric-fluid-resuscitation
#16
N J Glassford, B Gelbart, R Bellomo
Fluid bolus therapy (FBT) is a cornerstone of the management of the septic child, but clinical research in this field is challenging to perform, and hard to interpret. The evidence base for independent benefit from liberal FBT in the developed world is limited, and the Fluid Expansion as Supportive Therapy (FEAST) trial has led to conservative changes in the World Health Organization-recommended approach to FBT in resource-poor settings. Trials in the intensive care unit (ICU) and emergency department settings post-FEAST have continued to explore liberal FBT strategies as the norm, despite a strong signal associating fluid accumulation with pulmonary pathology in the paediatric population...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435573/the-clinical-effectiveness-of-school-screening-programme-for-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-malaysia
#17
A S Deepak, J Y Ong, Dsk Choon, C K Lee, C K Chiu, Cyw Chan, M K Kwan
INTRODUCTION: There is no large population size study on school screening for scoliosis in Malaysia. This study is aimed to determine the prevalence rate and positive predictive value (PPV) of screening programme for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 8966 voluntary school students aged 13-15 years old were recruited for scoliosis screening. Screening was done by measuring the angle of trunk rotation (ATR) on forward bending test (FBT) using a scoliometer...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398852/two-pilot-randomized-trials-to-examine-feasibility-and-impact-of-treated-parents-as-peer-interventionists-in-family-based-pediatric-weight-management
#18
Brian E Saelens, Kelley Scholz, Kelly Walters, Jane M Simoni, Davene R Wright
BACKGROUND: To examine feasibility and initial efficacy of having previously treated parents serve as peer interventionists in family-based behavioral weight management treatment (FBT). METHODS: Children aged 7-11 years with overweight/obesity and parents (n = 59 families) were enrolled in one of two pilot trials, the EPICH (Engaging Parents in Child Health) randomized trial comparing professional versus peer FBT delivery or the Parent Partnership trial, which provided professionally delivered FBT to families (first generation) and then randomly assigned first generation parents to either be or not be peer interventionists for subsequent families (second generation)...
August 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393398/parental-strategies-used-in-the-family-meal-session-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-links-with-treatment-outcomes
#19
Hannah J White, Emma Haycraft, Sloane Madden, Paul Rhodes, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Andrew Wallis, Michael Kohn, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships between parental mealtime strategies used in the family meal session of family-based treatment (FBT) and adolescent outcomes at EOT (session 20). METHOD: Eighteen families with an adolescent receiving FBT-AN participated. Parental strategies during videoed family meals were assessed using a family mealtime coding system. Change scores were calculated for both adolescent %EBW and EDE scores. RESULTS: Increased use of parental direct and non-direct eating prompts during the family meal was associated with greater adolescent weight gain at EOT...
April 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372560/fish-sharing-as-a-risk-factor-for-opisthorchis-viverrini-infection-evidence-from-two-villages-in-north-eastern-thailand
#20
Parichat Saenna, Cameron Hurst, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce A Wilcox, Banchob Sripa
BACKGROUND: Foodborne trematodiasis (FBT) is a significant global health problem, with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, and Clonorchis sinensis contributing to half of the global burden of FBT. North-eastern Thailand where O. viverrini is endemic and un-cooked fish dishes remain an integral part of the food culture has the highest reported incidence of opisthorchiasis, including associated cholangiocarcinoma. Both food sharing and eating practices are potentially important factors in FTB, suggesting an important role for the social ecology of disease transmission in these rural communities...
April 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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