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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627031/the-influence-of-oxygen-atoms-on-conformation-and-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-stacking-of-ladder-type-donor-based-polymers-and-their-photovoltaic-properties
#1
Tong Qin, Yue Zang, Wei-Yun Bai, Kai Yao, Yun-Xiang Xu
A novel ladder-type donor pyran-bridged indacenodithiophene (IDTP) is developed by introducing two oxygen atoms into indacenodithiophene unit. IDTP possesses a twisted backbone and leads to facially asymmetric arrangement of side chains, resulting in enhanced local π-π stacking of according polymer poly[(5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-octylphenyl)-5,11-dihydrothieno[2',3':5,6]pyrano[3,4-g]thieno[3,2-c]isochromene)-alt-4,7-(5-fluoro-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] (PIDTP)-FBT, which shows extended absorption range. Moreover, oxygen atoms render deeper highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) levels of poly[indacenodithiophene-alt-4,7-(5-fluoro-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] (PIDTP)-FBT compared with PIDT-FBT, therefore bringing a higher open-circuit voltage (Voc )...
June 19, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615982/family-based-treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-current-insights
#2
REVIEW
Renee D Rienecke
Eating disorders are serious illnesses associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Family-based treatment (FBT) has emerged as an effective intervention for adolescents with anorexia nervosa, and preliminary evidence suggests that it may be efficacious in the treatment of adolescents with bulimia nervosa. Multifamily therapy for anorexia nervosa provides a more intensive experience for families needing additional support. This review outlines the three phases of treatment, key tenets of family-based treatment, and empirical support for FBT...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594629/adverse-effects-of-outcome-monitoring-feedback-in-patients-with-personality-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-day-treatment-and-inpatient-settings
#3
Kim de Jong, Jaap Segaar, Theo Ingenhoven, Jan van Busschbach, Reinier Timman
This study aimed to evaluate the differential effect of outcome monitoring feedback to therapists and to patients on outcomes in cluster B, cluster C, and personality disorder not otherwise specified (PD-NOS) patients. Day treatment patients (n = 112) and inpatients (n = 94) were randomly assigned to a feedback to therapist (FbT), feedback to therapist and patient (FbTP), or no feedback (NFb) condition. Feedback was based on weekly administrations of the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45). In cluster B and PD-NOS patients FbTP resulted in increased OQ-45 scores during the first 6 months of therapy for not on track (NOT) patients...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580715/parental-guided-self-help-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-feasibility-study
#4
James Lock, Alison Darcy, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Molly Vierhile, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit
OBJECTIVE: Family Based Treatment (FBT) is an evidenced based treatment for adolescent Anorexia Nervosa (AN), but many families cannot access it. This study evaluated feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary treatment effects of a parental guided self-help (GSH) version of FBT for adolescent AN. METHOD: This was a case-series design. Parents of medically stable adolescents (11-18 years) with DSM-5 AN were recruited over 12 months. Parents received online training in parental GSH FBT and 12 20-30 min GSH sessions by phone or online over 6 months...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569604/adaptation-and-implementation-of-family-based-treatment-enhanced-with-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-for-anorexia-nervosa-in-community-based-specialist-clinics
#5
Erin C Accurso, Ellen Astrachan-Fletcher, Setareh O'Brien, Susan F McClanahan, Daniel Le Grange
Although family-based therapy (FBT) is a well-established treatment for anorexia nervosa, its implementation and effectiveness in clinical settings has been neglected. A group of seven therapists at a community-based eating disorders clinic were trained in skills-enhanced FBT and provided treatment to 11 youth with anorexia nervosa. Family-based skills training, which borrowed heavily from dialectical behavior therapy, was introduced in four additional sessions and then integrated throughout the remainder of FBT...
June 1, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558104/effect-of-attendance-of-the-child-on-body-weight-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-childhood-obesity-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Kerri N Boutelle, Kyung E Rhee, June Liang, Abby Braden, Jennifer Douglas, David Strong, Cheryl L Rock, Denise E Wilfley, Leonard H Epstein, Scott J Crow
Importance: Family-based weight loss treatment (FBT) is considered the gold-standard treatment for childhood obesity and is provided to the parent and child. However, parent-based treatment (PBT), which is provided to the parent without the child, could be similarly effective and easier to disseminate. Objective: To determine whether PBT is similarly effective as FBT on child weight loss over 24 months. Secondary aims evaluated the effect of these 2 treatments on parent weight loss, child and parent dietary intake, child and parent physical activity, parenting style, and parent feeding behaviors...
May 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486889/coming-full-circle-thirty-years-of-paediatric-fluid-resuscitation
#7
N J Glassford, B Gelbart, R Bellomo
Fluid bolus therapy (FBT) is a cornerstone of the management of the septic child, but clinical research in this field is challenging to perform, and hard to interpret. The evidence base for independent benefit from liberal FBT in the developed world is limited, and the Fluid Expansion as Supportive Therapy (FEAST) trial has led to conservative changes in the World Health Organization-recommended approach to FBT in resource-poor settings. Trials in the intensive care unit (ICU) and emergency department settings post-FEAST have continued to explore liberal FBT strategies as the norm, despite a strong signal associating fluid accumulation with pulmonary pathology in the paediatric population...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435573/the-clinical-effectiveness-of-school-screening-programme-for-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-malaysia
#8
A S Deepak, J Y Ong, Dsk Choon, C K Lee, C K Chiu, Cyw Chan, M K Kwan
INTRODUCTION: There is no large population size study on school screening for scoliosis in Malaysia. This study is aimed to determine the prevalence rate and positive predictive value (PPV) of screening programme for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 8966 voluntary school students aged 13-15 years old were recruited for scoliosis screening. Screening was done by measuring the angle of trunk rotation (ATR) on forward bending test (FBT) using a scoliometer...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398852/two-pilot-randomized-trials-to-examine-feasibility-and-impact-of-treated-parents-as-peer-interventionists-in-family-based-pediatric-weight-management
#9
Brian E Saelens, Kelley Scholz, Kelly Walters, Jane M Simoni, Davene R Wright
BACKGROUND: To examine feasibility and initial efficacy of having previously treated parents serve as peer interventionists in family-based behavioral weight management treatment (FBT). METHODS: Children aged 7-11 years with overweight/obesity and parents (n = 59 families) were enrolled in one of two pilot trials, the EPICH (Engaging Parents in Child Health) randomized trial comparing professional versus peer FBT delivery or the Parent Partnership trial, which provided professionally delivered FBT to families (first generation) and then randomly assigned first generation parents to either be or not be peer interventionists for subsequent families (second generation)...
March 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393398/parental-strategies-used-in-the-family-meal-session-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-links-with-treatment-outcomes
#10
Hannah J White, Emma Haycraft, Sloane Madden, Paul Rhodes, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Andrew Wallis, Michael Kohn, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships between parental mealtime strategies used in the family meal session of family-based treatment (FBT) and adolescent outcomes at EOT (session 20). METHOD: Eighteen families with an adolescent receiving FBT-AN participated. Parental strategies during videoed family meals were assessed using a family mealtime coding system. Change scores were calculated for both adolescent %EBW and EDE scores. RESULTS: Increased use of parental direct and non-direct eating prompts during the family meal was associated with greater adolescent weight gain at EOT...
April 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372560/fish-sharing-as-a-risk-factor-for-opisthorchis-viverrini-infection-evidence-from-two-villages-in-north-eastern-thailand
#11
Parichat Saenna, Cameron Hurst, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce A Wilcox, Banchob Sripa
BACKGROUND: Foodborne trematodiasis (FBT) is a significant global health problem, with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, and Clonorchis sinensis contributing to half of the global burden of FBT. North-eastern Thailand where O. viverrini is endemic and un-cooked fish dishes remain an integral part of the food culture has the highest reported incidence of opisthorchiasis, including associated cholangiocarcinoma. Both food sharing and eating practices are potentially important factors in FTB, suggesting an important role for the social ecology of disease transmission in these rural communities...
April 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276681/boosting-up-performance-of-inverted-photovoltaic-cells-from-bis-alkylthien-2-yl-dithieno-2-3-d-2-3-d-benzo-1-2-b-4-5-b-di-thiophene-based-copolymers-by-advantageous-vertical-phase-separation
#12
Pengzhi Guo, Guoping Luo, Qiang Su, Jianfeng Li, Peng Zhang, Junfeng Tong, Chunyan Yang, Yangjun Xia, Hongbin Wu
The photovoltaic cells (PVCs) from conjugated copolymers of PDTBDT-BT and PDTBDT-FBT with 5,10-bis(4,5-didecylthien-2-yl)dithieno[2,3-d:2',3'-d']benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene as electron donor moieties and benzothiadiazole and/or 5,6-difluorobenzothiadiazole as electron acceptor moieties are optimized by employing alcohol-soluble PFN (poly(9,9-bis(3'-(N,N-dimethylamino)propyl)-2,7-fluorene)-alt-2,7-(9,9-dioctylfluorene)) as cathode modification interlayer. The power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of inverted PVCs (i-PVCs) from PDTBDT-BT and PDTBDT-FBT with devices configuration as ITO/PFN/active layer/MoO3/Ag are increased from 4...
March 29, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111431/initial-titration-with-200-%C3%AE-g-fentanyl-buccal-tablets-a-retrospective-safety-analysis-in-korean-cancer-patients
#13
Mi-Young Kwon, Ha-Na Cho, Dong-Hoe Koo, Yun-Gyoo Lee, Sukjoong Oh, Seung-Sei Lee
Background/Aims: Managing breakthrough pain (BTP) is important for many cancer patients because of the rapid onset and unpredictable nature of the pain episodes. Fentanyl buccal tablets (FBTs) are a rapid-onset opioid indicated for BTP management. However, FBT titration is needed to optimize BTP management. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of initiating 200 μg FBTs in Korean cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis of medical records was performed on all advanced cancer patients treated with FBTs for BTP between October 2014 and July 2015...
January 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109088/antioxidant-evaluation-and-composition-analysis-of-extracts-from-fuzhuan-brick-tea-and-its-comparison-with-two-instant-tea-products
#14
Qing-An Zhang, Xiao-Li Zhang, Yan-Ying Yan, Xue-Hui Fan
In this paper, the antioxidant capacities and compositions of two commercialized tea products and extracts from Fuzhuan brick tea (FBT) were investigated using three HPLC methods comparing the retention times of injected standards. Principal component analysis and DPPH-spiking HPLC analysis were used to analyze correlation between antioxidant capacity and the compounds detected to screen which compounds contribute to antioxidant activity. Results indicated that all samples contained high amounts of polysaccharides, phenols, and flavonoids and had good antioxidant activity and a high level of correlation among them...
May 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917788/effects-of-long-term-training-program-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-young-subjects
#16
Alper Cenk Gürkan, Havva Demirel, Merve Demir, Emine Şeyda Atmaca, Gülnihal Bozöyük, Senol Dane
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a long-term training program of 10 weeks on static and dynamic balance parameters in a young healthy population. METHODS: Participants were 35 young healthy female subjects. Balance measurements were done using the Flamingo Balance Test (FBT) for static balance and the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) for dynamic balance. RESULTS: Dynamic balance points increased and static balance points decreased after a 10 week training protocol compared with before training, indicating improvement in both dynamic and static balance...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766837/vinylene-linked-oligothiophene-difluorobenzothiadiazole-copolymer-for-transistor-applications
#17
Abby Casey, Yang Han, Eliot Gann, Joshua P Green, Christopher R McNeill, Thomas D Anthopoulos, Martin Heeney
The synthesis of the novel donor-acceptor monomer 4,7-bis[(E)-2-(5-bromo-3-dodecylylthiophen-2-yl)ethenyl]-5,6-difluoro-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (FBT-V2T2) is reported. Polymerization with 4,4'-ditetradecyl-5,5'-bistrimethylstannyl-2,2'-bithiophene afforded a highly crystalline polymer that aggregated strongly in solution. Polymer films were well ordered resulting in high performance field-effect transistors with low onset voltages, negligible hysteresis, high channel current on/off ratios, and peak hole mobilities of up to 0...
November 16, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748543/delayed-treatment-of-the-first-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-in-early-childhood-increased-the-risk-of-renal-scarring
#18
Kyriaki A Karavanaki, Alexandra Soldatou, Athina Maria Koufadaki, Charalampos Tsentidis, Fotis A Haliotis, Constantinos J Stefanidis
AIM: This study evaluated the controversial relationship between the duration of fever before treatment initiation (FBT) for a febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), with renal scarring based on dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy (DMSA) findings. METHODS: The inpatient records of 148 children under two years of age with a first episode of febrile UTI were analysed. Acute and repeat DMSA findings, and clinical and laboratory parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: Acute DMSA showed that 76 of the 148 children with a febrile UTI had renal lesions: 20 were mild, and 56 were moderate or severe...
January 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722746/optical-properties-and-solvatofluorochromism-of-fluorene-derivatives-bearing-s-s-dioxidized-thiophene
#19
Tatsumoto Nakahama, Daichi Kitagawa, Hikaru Sotome, Syoji Ito, Hiroshi Miyasaka, Seiya Kobatake
We synthesized fluorene derivatives having phenylthiophene (FPT) or benzothiophene (FBT), and their S,S-dioxidized compounds (FPTO2, FPTO4, FBTO2 and FBTO4), which are prepared by oxidation of the thiophene rings in FPT and FBT with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. FPT and FBT exhibited similar optical properties for absorption maximum wavelength, fluorescence maximum wavelength and fluorescence quantum yield. However, the absorption and fluorescence spectra of FPTO2 were largely shifted toward a longer wavelength in comparison with those of FPT, and their fluorescence quantum yields dramatically decreased with oxidation...
October 5, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693898/effendys-fentanyl-buccal-tablet-for-the-relief-of-episodic-breathlessness-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-multicenter-open-label-randomized-morphine-controlled-crossover-phase-ii-trial
#20
Steffen T Simon, Marianne Kloke, Bernd Alt-Epping, Jan Gärtner, Martin Hellmich, Rebecca Hein, Maren Piel, Oliver A Cornely, Friedemann Nauck, Raymond Voltz
CONTEXT: Episodic breathlessness is a frequent and burdensome symptom in cancer patients but pharmacological treatment is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine time to onset, efficacy, feasibility and safety of transmucosal fentanyl in comparison to immediate-release morphine (IRM) for the relief of episodic breathlessness. METHODS: Phase II, investigator initiated, multicenter, open-label, randomized, morphine-controlled, crossover trial with open-label titration of fentanyl buccal tablet (FBT) in inpatients with incurable cancer...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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