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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179140/temperature-dependent-growth-feeding-nutritional-condition-and-aerobic-metabolism-of-juvenile-spiny-lobster-sagmariasus-verreauxi
#1
Quinn P Fitzgibbon, Cedric J Simon, Gregory G Smith, Chris G Carter, Stephen C Battaglene
We examined the effects of temperature on the growth, feeding, nutritional condition and aerobic metabolism of juvenile spiny lobster, Sagmariasus verreauxi, in order to determine if temperature acclimated aerobic scope correlates with optimum for growth and to establish the thermal tolerance window for this emerging aquaculture species. Juvenile lobsters (initial weight=10.95±0.47g) were reared (n=7) at temperatures from 11.0 to 28.5°C for 145days. All lobsters survived from 14.5 to 25.0°C while survival was reduced at 11...
February 5, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170420/sustainable-production-of-housefly-musca-domestica-larvae-as-a-protein-rich-feed-ingredient-by-utilizing-cattle-manure
#2
Mahmoud Hussein, Viju V Pillai, Joshua M Goddard, Hui G Park, Kumar S Kothapalli, Deborah A Ross, Quirine M Ketterings, J Thomas Brenna, Mark B Milstein, Helene Marquis, Patricia A Johnson, Jan P Nyrop, Vimal Selvaraj
The common housefly, Musca domestica, is a considerable component of nutrient recycling in the environment. Use of housefly larvae to biodegrade manure presents an opportunity to reduce waste disposal while the rapidly assimilated insect biomass can also be used as a protein rich animal feed. In this study, we examine the biodegradation of dairy cattle manure using housefly larvae, and the nutritional value of the resulting larva meal as a feed ingredient. Our results demonstrated that dairy cattle manure presents a balanced substrate for larval growth, and the spent manure showed reductions in concentration of total nitrogen (24...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138130/physical-inactivity-a-risk-factor-and-target-for-intervention-in-renal-care
#3
REVIEW
Dorien M Zelle, Gerald Klaassen, Edwin van Adrichem, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn, Gerjan Navis
Regular physical activity is associated with an increased quality of life and reduced morbidity and mortality in the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and muscle mass decrease even in the early stages of CKD, and continue to decrease with disease progression; notably, full recovery is generally not achieved with transplantation. The combined effects of uraemia and physical inactivity drive the loss of muscle mass. Regular physical activity benefits cardiometabolic, neuromuscular and cognitive function across all stages of CKD, and therefore provides an approach to address the multimorbidity of the CKD population...
March 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096611/recent-advances-in-role-of-chromium-and-its-antioxidant-combinations-in-poultry-nutrition-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Z Haq, R K Jain, N Khan, M Y Dar, S Ali, M Gupta, T K Varun
Poultry is reared in open side houses in most of the tropical countries, which results in huge temperature variation in shed causing stress resulting in increased demand of antioxidant supplementation. Since cooling of poultry houses or environment control is very expensive, thus methods focused on nutritional modifications appears to be the much logical approach. Stress increases mineral and vitamin mobilization from tissues and their excretion. Effect of some minerals and vitamin supplements such as chromium (Cr) and ascorbic acid to elevate the negative effects of environmental stress is well documented...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088407/far-off-and-close-up-dry-matter-intake-modulate-indicators-of-immunometabolic-adaptations-to-lactation-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-pasture-based-transition-dairy-cows
#5
M Vailati-Riboni, G Farina, F Batistel, A Heiser, M D Mitchell, M A Crookenden, C G Walker, J K Kay, S Meier, J R Roche, J J Loor
The common practice of increasing dietary energy density during the close-up dry period (last ∼3 wk prepartum) has been recently associated with a higher incidence of metabolic disorders after calving. Despite these reports, over-feeding of metabolizable energy (ME) during the far-off, nonlactating period is a common management policy aimed at achieving optimum calving body condition score (BCS) in pasture-based systems, as cows are generally thinner than total mixed ration cows at the end of lactation. Our hypothesis was that both far-off and close-up overfeeding influence the peripartum adipose tissue changes associated with energy balance and inflammatory state...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053581/optimization-of-formulation-and-processing-of-moringa-oleifera-and-spirulina-complex-tablets
#6
Yi Zheng, Fan Zhu, Dan Lin, Jun Wu, Yichao Zhou, Bohn Mark
Objective: To prepare a more comprehensive nutrition, more balanced proportion of natural nutritional supplement tablets with Moringa oleifera leaves and spirulina the two nutrients which have complementary natural food ingredients. Method: On the basis of research M. oleifera leaves with spirulina nutrient composition was determined on M. oleifera leaves and spirulina ratio of raw materials, and the choice of microcrystalline cellulose, sodium salt of caboxy methyl cellulose(CMC),magnesium stearate excipient, through single factor and orthogonal experiment, selecting the best formula tablets prepared by powder direct compression technology, for preparation of M...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053574/evaluation-of-different-commercial-feeds-on-grow-out-silver-black-porgy-sparidentex-hasta-valenciennes-for-optimum-growth-performance-fillet-quality-and-cost-of-production
#7
M A Hossain, K M Al-Abdul-Elah, S El-Dakour
The objective of the study was to find a cost-effective feed from three commercial feeds, namely, Arasco (Saudi Arabia), Skretting (Turkey), and Biomar (Greece) for commercially producing silver black porgy (sobaity bream), Sparidentex hasta in Kuwait. For confidentiality, these feeds were randomly given code names, diets 1, 2, and 3, which were known only to the investigating staffs. The trash fish (diet 4) was used as the control. The experiment was conducted for 28 wk with grow-out sobaity bream (210.0 ± 0...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050856/improved-endoglucanase-production-and-mycelial-biomass-of-some-ericoid-fungi
#8
O R Adeoyo, B I Pletschke, J F Dames
Fungal species associated with ericaceous plant roots produce a number of enzymes and other bio-active metabolites in order to enhance survival of their host plants in natural environments. This study focussed on endoglucanase production from root associated ericoid mycorrhizal and dark septate endophytic fungal isolates. Out of the five fungal isolates screened, Leohumicola sp. (ChemRU330/PPRI 13195) had the highest relative enzyme activity and was tested along with isolates belonging to Hyloscyphaceae (EdRU083/PPRI 17284) and Leotiomycetes (EdRU002/PPRI 17261) for endoglucanase production under different pH and nutritional conditions that included: carbon sources, nitrogen sources and metal ions, at an optimum temperature of 28 °C...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999938/characterization-of-cinnamoyl-esterases-from-different-lactobacilli-and-bifidobacteria
#9
Caroline Fritsch, André Jänsch, Matthias A Ehrmann, Simone Toelstede, Rudi F Vogel
A high variety of plants that are used for food production contain esterified hydroxycinnamic acids. As their free forms display several benefits, like an enhanced absorption in human intestinal tract, anti-oxidative and anti-carcinogenic effects, an improved protein solubility and reduced discoloration, the microbial ability to cleave the ester bond is highly desired. In order to examine potential fermentation strains for this purpose, six different lactic acid bacteria and one bifidobacterial strain were screened for their ability to degrade esterified hydroxycinnamic acids because these strains are commonly used for fermentation of plant-based foods...
February 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995970/yields-and-nutritional-of-greenhouse-tomato-in-response-to-different-soil-aeration-volume-at-two-depths-of-subsurface-drip-irrigation
#10
Yuan Li, Wenquan Niu, Miles Dyck, Jingwei Wang, Xiaoyang Zou
This study investigated the effects of 4 aeration levels (varied by injection of air to the soil through subsurface irrigation lines) at two subsurface irrigation line depths (15 and 40 cm) on plant growth, yield and nutritional quality of greenhouse tomato. In all experiments, fruit number, width and length, yield, vitamin C, lycopene and sugar/acid ratio of tomato markedly increased in response to the aeration treatments. Vitamin C, lycopene, and sugar/acid ratio increased by 41%, 2%, and 43%, respectively, in the 1...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987187/cations-optimization-for-protein-enrichment-in-rice-straw-by-mixed-cultures-of-neurospora-crassa-14-8-and-candida-utilis-using-response-surface-methodology
#11
Jinru Jia, Huayou Chen, Bangguo Wu, Zhong Ni
This study investigated the effect of cation optimization by mixed cultures of Neurospora crassa and Candida utilis on the true protein (TP) content. Firstly, to enhance the nutritional contents of rice straw (RS), two fermentation parameters (effect of inoculation ratio and inoculation time) were optimized. It was found that when C. utilis was inoculated 60 h later than N. crassa with the inoculation ratio of 1:5 (N. crassa to C. utilis), the maximum TP yield was obtained. In order to further optimize TP content, Plackett-Burman design (PBD) and Box-Behnken design (BBD) of response surface methodology (RSM) were adopted...
December 16, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976408/combined-effect-of-carnosol-rosmarinic-acid-and-thymol-on-the-oxidative-stability-of-soybean-oil-using-a-simplex-centroid-mixture-design
#12
Salma Saoudi, Nadia Chammem, Ines Sifaoui, Ignacio A Jiménez, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, José E Piñero, Maha Bouassida-Beji, Moktar Hamdi, Isabel L Bazzocchi
BACKGROUND: Oxidation taking place during the use of oil, leads to the deterioration of both nutritional and sensorial qualities. Natural antioxidants from herbs and plants are rich in phenolic compounds and could be therefore more efficient than synthetic ones to prevent lipid oxidation reactions. This study was aimed at the valorization of Tunisian aromatic plants and their active compounds as new sources of natural antioxidant preventing oil oxidation. RESULTS: Carnosol, rosmarinic acid and thymol were isolated from Rosmarinus officinalis and Thymus capitatus by column chromatography and were analyzed by NMR...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957653/harvesting-of-the-microalga-nannochloropsis-sp-by-bioflocculation-with-mung-bean-protein-extract
#13
Ganesan Kandasamy, Sitti Raehanah Muhamad Shaleh
Harvesting microalgae from medium is a major challenge due to their small size and low concentrations. In an attempt to find a cost-effective and eco-friendly harvesting technique, mung bean (Vigna radiata) protein extract (MBPE) was used for flocculation of Nannochloropsis sp. The effects of parameters such as pH, flocculant dose, algae concentration, and mixing time were used to study the flocculation efficiency (FE) of MBPE. Optimum parameters of MBPE dosage of 20 mL L(-1) and a mixing rate of 300 rpm for 6 min achieved a FE of >92% after 2 h of settling time...
December 12, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938325/enhanced-candicidal-compound-production-by-a-new-soil-isolate-penicillium-verruculosum-mkh7-under-submerged-fermentation
#14
Shruti Talukdar, Madhumita Talukdar, Manorama Buragohain, Archana Yadav, R N S Yadav, T C Bora
BACKGROUND: Microorganisms are a rich source of structurally diverse secondary metabolites that exert a major impact on the control of infectious diseases and other medical conditions. The biosynthesis of these metabolites can be improved by manipulating the nutritional or environmental factors. This work evaluates the effects of fermentation parameters on the production of a lactone compound effective against Candida albicans by Penicillium verruculosum MKH7 under submerged fermentation...
December 9, 2016: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902262/saccharedens-versatilis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-sugar-degrading-member-of-the-burkholderiales-isolated-from-cephalotes-rohweri-ant-guts
#15
Jonathan Y Lin, William J Hobson, John T Wertz
Cephalotes "turtle" ants host a core group of gut-associated symbionts, but their potential contributions to ant nutrition and disease resistance remain uncharacterized in vitro. To gain a better understanding of the metabolic capability of core symbionts belonging to the Burkholderiales, we cultivated and characterized strain CAG32T, isolated from the guts of Cephalotes rohweri ants. Strain CAG32T was rod-shaped, Gram-negative, motile, and formed pale-white colonies on trypticase soy agar. Optimum growth occurred under an atmosphere of 20% O2 supplemented with 1% CO2...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878805/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Usha Rani Somaraju, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Most people with cystic fibrosis (80% to 90%) need pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy to prevent malnutrition. Enzyme preparations need to be taken whenever food is taken, and the dose needs to be adjusted according to the food consumed. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is needed to guide clinical practice, as there is variability between centres with respect to assessment of pancreatic function, time of commencing treatment, dose and choice of supplements...
23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859376/microwave-drying-of-germinated-corn-and-its-effect-on-phytochemical-properties
#17
Oraporn Bualuang, Daniel Iroemeha Onwude, Kwanta Pracha
BACKGROUND: Drying is a preservation method that removes or reduces the moisture content of a product. This process can affect the nutritional properties of agricultural crops. Therefore this research sought to investigate the effect of microwave drying power (100-700 W) on the drying rate, effective diffusivity, β-carotene content (BCC), total flavonoid content (TFC), total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity of sprouted corn, which can be applied as a rich antioxidant source...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829949/exercise-intervention-for-anti-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#18
REVIEW
Ryo Miyazaki, Taro Takeshima, Kazuhiko Kotani
Sarcopenia is an age-related health problem in general communities. Effective exercise programs against sarcopenia remain necessary for community-dwelling older people. In order to summarize the available knowledge on this subject, we collected English articles from a MEDLINE/Pubmed database examining the effects of exercise interventions on sarcopenia-related outcome measures in community-dwelling older people. When nine articles, including eight randomized controlled trials, were reviewed, most studies demonstrated significant improvements in some outcome measures...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793154/in-silico-metabolic-network-analysis-of-arabidopsis-leaves
#19
Veronique Beckers, Lisa Maria Dersch, Katrin Lotz, Guido Melzer, Oliver Ernst Bläsing, Regine Fuchs, Thomas Ehrhardt, Christoph Wittmann
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, we face an increasing interest in superior plants to supply growing demands for human and animal nutrition and for the developing bio-based economy. Presently, our limited understanding of their metabolism and its regulation hampers the targeted development of desired plant phenotypes. In this regard, systems biology, in particular the integration of metabolic and regulatory networks, is promising to broaden our knowledge and to further explore the biotechnological potential of plants...
October 29, 2016: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752941/a-practical-approach-to-glucose-abnormalities-in-cystic-fibrosis
#20
REVIEW
Gregory C Jones, Christopher A R Sainsbury
Cystic fibrosis is a common genetic condition and abnormal glucose handling leading to cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) is a frequent comorbidity. CFRD is mainly thought to be the result of progressive pancreatic damage resulting in beta cell dysfunction and loss of insulin secretion. Whilst Oral Glucose Tolerance Testing is still recommended for diagnosing CFRD, the relationship between glucose abnormalities and adverse outcomes in CF is complex and occurs at stages of dysglycaemia occurring prior to diagnosis of diabetes by World Health Organisation criteria...
December 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
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