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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435189/in-vitro-evaluation-of-total-mixed-ration-supplemented-with-exogenous-fibrolytic-enzymes-for-crossbred-cows
#1
Pravin Mohan Lunagariya, Ram Sharan Gupta, Subhash Parnerkar
AIM: The study was conducted to evaluate the levels of exogenous fibrolytic enzymes (EFE) on in vitro digestibilities of dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM), total gas production (TGP), metabolizable energy (ME) content, and microbial biomass production (MBP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total mixed ration (TMR) was prepared using 30% each of sorghum hay and groundnut straw and 40% compound concentrate mixture to meet nutritional requirement of cow (500 kg) producing 12 kg fat corrected milk...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381001/potential-of-spectral-ratio-indices-derived-from-hyperspectral-lidar-and-laser-induced-chlorophyll-fluorescence-spectra-on-estimating-rice-leaf-nitrogen-contents
#2
Lin Du, Shuo Shi, Jian Yang, Wei Wang, Jia Sun, Biwu Cheng, Zhenbing Zhang, Wei Gong
Accurate estimation of leaf nitrogen contents (LNCs) is essential for nutrition management in monitoring crop growth status. The aim of this study was to compare the potential of hyperspectral LiDAR (HSL) and laser-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (LIF) data in accurately predicting rice LNC. First of all, the intensity values of HSL at 694 and 742 nm and LIF at ~685 and ~740 nm were selected as the characteristic variables to analyze rice LNC using data collected in 2014 and 2015, respectively. Second, spectral indices derived from HSL (only) and LIF (only) were utilized to estimate LNC of rice, respectively...
March 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380594/effects-of-dietary-protein-to-energy-ratio-on-rate-of-growth-protein-deposition-and-tissue-composition-of-pure-iberian-boars-prior-to-extensive-production
#3
M A Aguinaga, R Nieto, L Lara, J F Aguilera
Thirty entire male Iberian (IB) pigs of 12 kg initial BW were used to study the effects of dietary protein-to-energy ratio on performance, body protein accretion, and tissue composition. Two nutritional regimes were supplied at 3 stages of growth (Phase I, from 12 to 30 kg BW; Phase II, from 30 to 45 kg BW; and Phase III, from 45 to 100 kg BW): the first regime (RefP/E) was formulated to provide optimum protein-to-energy ratios for castrated IB pigs at several stages of growth from 10 to 100 kg BW; the second (IncP/E), for which an overall increase of 2...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362352/optimization-of-bromelain-aided-production-of-angiotensin-i-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-hydrolysates-from-stone-fish-using-response-surface-methodology
#4
Shehu Muhammad Auwal, Mohammad Zarei, Azizah Abdul-Hamid, Nazamid Saari
The stone fish is an under-utilized sea cucumber with many nutritional and ethno-medicinal values. This study aimed to establish the conditions for its optimum hydrolysis with bromelain to generate angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory hydrolysates. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on a central composite design was used to model and optimize the degree of hydrolysis (DH) and ACE-inhibitory activity. Process conditions including pH (4-7), temperature (40-70 °C), enzyme/substrate (E/S) ratio (0...
March 31, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352273/biofortification-of-wheat-cultivars-to-combat-zinc-deficiency
#5
Muhammad U Chattha, Muhammad U Hassan, Imran Khan, Muhammad B Chattha, Athar Mahmood, Muhammad U Chattha, Muhammad Nawaz, Muhammad N Subhani, Mina Kharal, Sadia Khan
Zinc (Zn) deficiency caused by inadequate dietary intake is a global nutritional problem, particularly in developing countries. Therefore, zinc biofortification of wheat and other cereal crops is being urgently addressed and highly prioritized as a research topic. A field study was planned to evaluate the influence of zinc application on grain yield, grain zinc content, and grain phytic acid concentrations of wheat cultivars, and the relationships between these parameters. Three wheat cultivars, C1 = Faisalabad-2008, C2 = Punjab-2011, and C3 = Millet-2011 were tested with five different methods of zinc application: T1 = control, T2 = seed priming, T3 = soil application, T4 = foliar application, and T5 = soil + foliar application...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347768/identification-of-a-novel-phospholipase-d-with-high-transphosphatidylation-activity-and-its-application-in-synthesis-of-phosphatidylserine-and-dha-phosphatidylserine
#6
Xiangzhao Mao, Qianqian Liu, Yongqian Qiu, Xiaoqin Fan, Qingqing Han, Yanjun Liu, Lujia Zhang, Changhu Xue
Phosphatidylserine (PS) and docosahexaenoic acid-phosphatidylserine (DHA-PS) have significant nutritional and biological functions, which are extensively used in functional food industries. Phospholipase D (PLD)-mediated transphosphatidylation of phosphatidylcholine (PC) or DHA-PC with l-serine, is an effective method for PS and DHA-PS preparation. However, because of the hydrolysis activity of PLD, PC and DHA-PC would be converted to the undesirable byproduct, phosphatidic acid (PA) and DHA-PA. In this study, a novel phospholipase D (PLDa2) was firstly cloned from Acinetobacter radioresistens a2 with high transphosphatidylation activity and no hydrolysis activity...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337211/nutritional-biophysical-and-physiological-characteristics-of-wild-rocket-genotypes-as-affected-by-soilless-cultivation-system-salinity-level-of-nutrient-solution-and-growing-period
#7
Anna Bonasia, Corrado Lazzizera, Antonio Elia, Giulia Conversa
With the aim of defining the best management of nutrient solution (NS) in a soilless system for obtaining high quality baby-leaf rocket, the present study focuses on two wild rocket genotypes ("Nature" and "Naturelle"), grown in a greenhouse under two Southern Italy growing conditions-autumn-winter (AW) and winter-spring (WS)-using two soilless cultivation systems (SCS)-at two electrical conductivity values (EC) of NS. The SCSs used were the Floating System (FS) and Ebb and Flow System (EFS) and the EC values were 2...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315891/results-with-complementary-food-using-local-food-ingredients
#8
Tahmeed Ahmed, Munirul Islam, Nuzhat Choudhury, Iqbal Hossain, Sayeeda Huq, Mustafa Mahfuz, Shafiqul Alam Sarker
Appropriate complementary food is a must for optimum growth of infants and children. The food should be diverse and be given in sufficient quantities 2-4 times a day depending upon age. Poverty, food insecurity, and lack of awareness regarding the choice of nutritious food ingredients are deterrents to optimum complementary feeding. In Bangladesh, 77% of children do not receive appropriate complementary food and, hence, the high prevalence of childhood malnutrition. We developed ready-to-use complementary foods (RUCFs) using locally available food ingredients, rice/lentil and chickpea, which conform to standard specifications...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315440/optimized-production-and-characterization-of-a-detergent-stable-protease-from-lysinibacillus-fusiformis-c250r
#9
Sondes Mechri, Mouna Kriaa, Mouna Ben Elhoul Berrouina, Maroua Omrane Benmrad, Nadia Zaraî Jaouadi, Hatem Rekik, Khelifa Bouacem, Amel Bouanane-Darenfed, Alif Chebbi, Sami Sayadi, Mohamed Chamkha, Samir Bejar, Bassem Jaouadi
In this study, we aimed to optimize the cultural and nutritional conditions for protease production by Lysinibacillus fusiformis strain C250R in submerged fermentation process using statistical methodology. The most significant factors (gruel, wheat bran, yeast extract, and FeSO4) were identified by Plackett-Burman design. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to determine the optimum levels of the screened factors and their interaction. Under the optimized conditions, protease yield 3100U/mL was 4.5 folds higher than those obtained by the use of the initial conditions (680U/mL)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298273/challenges-and-lessons-learned-in-generating-and-interpreting-nhanes-nutritional-biomarker-data
#10
REVIEW
Christine M Pfeiffer, David A Lacher, Rosemary L Schleicher, Clifford L Johnson, Elizabeth A Yetley
For the past 45 y, the National Center for Health Statistics at the CDC has carried out nutrition surveillance of the US population by collecting anthropometric, dietary intake, and nutritional biomarker data, the latter being the focus of this publication. The earliest biomarker testing assessed iron and vitamin A status. With time, a broad spectrum of water- and fat-soluble vitamins was added and biomarkers for other types of nutrients (e.g., fatty acids) and bioactive dietary compounds (e.g., phytoestrogens) were included in NHANES...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265352/nutritional-quality-and-sensory-acceptability-of-complementary-food-blended-from-maize-zea-mays-roasted-pea-pisum-sativum-and-malted-barley-hordium-vulgare
#11
Obse Fikiru, Geremew Bultosa, Sirawdink Fikreyesus Forsido, Mathewos Temesgen
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of blending ratio of malted barley, maize, and roasted pea flour on complementary food quality and sensory acceptability. D- Optimal mixture design was used to generate 14 formulations. Each ingredient had 55-90% maize, 20-35% pea and 4-12% malted barley. Pretreatments like debranning of maize, roasting of pea and dehusking of malted barley were done. The three component-constrained mixture design was conducted using Design-Expert(®) 6 (Stat-Ease). Ash, protein, fat, fiber, moisture, and carbohydrate contents were found in between range of 1...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240903/flexible-bionanocomposites-from-epoxidized-hemp-seed-oil-thermosetting-resin-reinforced-with-halloysite-nanotubes
#12
Peter S Shuttleworth, Ana M Díez-Pascual, Carlos Marco, Gary Ellis
Hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) oil comprises a variety of beneficial unsaturated triglycerides with well-documented nutritional and health benefits. However, it can become rancid over a relatively short time period, leading to increased industrial costs and waste of a valuable product. The development of sustainable polymers is presented as a strategy, where both the presence of unsaturation and peroxide content could be effectively used to alleviate both the waste and financial burden. After the reaction with peroxyacetic acid, the incorporation of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), and the subsequent thermal curing, without the need for organic solvents or interfacial modifiers, flexible transparent materials with a low glass-transition temperature were developed...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230748/an-increase-in-consuming-adequately-iodized-salt-may-not-be-enough-to-rectify-iodine-deficiency-in-pregnancy-in-an-iodine-sufficient-area-of-china
#13
Zhifang Wang, Wenming Zhu, Zhe Mo, Yuanyang Wang, Guangming Mao, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaoming Lou
Universal salt iodization (USI) has been implemented for two decades in China. It is crucial to periodically monitor iodine status in the most vulnerable population, such as pregnant women. A cross-sectional study was carried out in an evidence-proved iodine-sufficient province to evaluate iodine intake in pregnancy. According to the WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD recommendation criteria of adequate iodine intake in pregnancy (150-249 µg/L), the median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) of the total 8159 recruited pregnant women was 147...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222817/livestock-and-feed-water-productivity-in-the-mixed-crop-livestock-system
#14
M Bekele, A Mengistu, B Tamir
Recently with limited information from intensified grain-based farming systems in developed countries, livestock production is challenged as being huge consumer of freshwater. The smallholder mixed crop-livestock (MCL) system which is predominant in developing countries like Ethiopia, is maintained with considerable contributions of crop residues (CR) to livestock feeding. Inclusion of CR is expected to reduce the water requirement for feed production resulting improvement in livestock water productivity (LWP)...
February 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179140/temperature-dependent-growth-feeding-nutritional-condition-and-aerobic-metabolism-of-juvenile-spiny-lobster-sagmariasus-verreauxi
#15
Quinn P Fitzgibbon, Cedric J Simon, Gregory G Smith, Chris G Carter, Stephen C Battaglene
We examined the effects of temperature on the growth, feeding, nutritional condition and aerobic metabolism of juvenile spiny lobster, Sagmariasus verreauxi, in order to determine if temperature acclimated aerobic scope correlates with optimum for growth and to establish the thermal tolerance window for this emerging aquaculture species. Juvenile lobsters (initial weight=10.95±0.47g) were reared (n=7) at temperatures from 11.0 to 28.5°C for 145days. All lobsters survived from 14.5 to 25.0°C while survival was reduced at 11...
February 5, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170420/sustainable-production-of-housefly-musca-domestica-larvae-as-a-protein-rich-feed-ingredient-by-utilizing-cattle-manure
#16
Mahmoud Hussein, Viju V Pillai, Joshua M Goddard, Hui G Park, Kumar S Kothapalli, Deborah A Ross, Quirine M Ketterings, J Thomas Brenna, Mark B Milstein, Helene Marquis, Patricia A Johnson, Jan P Nyrop, Vimal Selvaraj
The common housefly, Musca domestica, is a considerable component of nutrient recycling in the environment. Use of housefly larvae to biodegrade manure presents an opportunity to reduce waste disposal while the rapidly assimilated insect biomass can also be used as a protein rich animal feed. In this study, we examine the biodegradation of dairy cattle manure using housefly larvae, and the nutritional value of the resulting larva meal as a feed ingredient. Our results demonstrated that dairy cattle manure presents a balanced substrate for larval growth, and the spent manure showed reductions in concentration of total nitrogen (24...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138130/physical-inactivity-a-risk-factor-and-target-for-intervention-in-renal-care
#17
REVIEW
Dorien M Zelle, Gerald Klaassen, Edwin van Adrichem, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn, Gerjan Navis
Regular physical activity is associated with an increased quality of life and reduced morbidity and mortality in the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and muscle mass decrease even in the early stages of CKD, and continue to decrease with disease progression; notably, full recovery is generally not achieved with transplantation. The combined effects of uraemia and physical inactivity drive the loss of muscle mass. Regular physical activity benefits cardiometabolic, neuromuscular and cognitive function across all stages of CKD, and therefore provides an approach to address the multimorbidity of the CKD population...
March 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096611/recent-advances-in-role-of-chromium-and-its-antioxidant-combinations-in-poultry-nutrition-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Z Haq, R K Jain, N Khan, M Y Dar, S Ali, M Gupta, T K Varun
Poultry is reared in open side houses in most of the tropical countries, which results in huge temperature variation in shed causing stress resulting in increased demand of antioxidant supplementation. Since cooling of poultry houses or environment control is very expensive, thus methods focused on nutritional modifications appears to be the much logical approach. Stress increases mineral and vitamin mobilization from tissues and their excretion. Effect of some minerals and vitamin supplements such as chromium (Cr) and ascorbic acid to elevate the negative effects of environmental stress is well documented...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088407/far-off-and-close-up-dry-matter-intake-modulate-indicators-of-immunometabolic-adaptations-to-lactation-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-pasture-based-transition-dairy-cows
#19
M Vailati-Riboni, G Farina, F Batistel, A Heiser, M D Mitchell, M A Crookenden, C G Walker, J K Kay, S Meier, J R Roche, J J Loor
The common practice of increasing dietary energy density during the close-up dry period (last ∼3 wk prepartum) has been recently associated with a higher incidence of metabolic disorders after calving. Despite these reports, over-feeding of metabolizable energy (ME) during the far-off, nonlactating period is a common management policy aimed at achieving optimum calving body condition score (BCS) in pasture-based systems, as cows are generally thinner than total mixed ration cows at the end of lactation. Our hypothesis was that both far-off and close-up overfeeding influence the peripartum adipose tissue changes associated with energy balance and inflammatory state...
March 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053581/optimization-of-formulation-and-processing-of-moringa-oleifera-and-spirulina-complex-tablets
#20
Yi Zheng, Fan Zhu, Dan Lin, Jun Wu, Yichao Zhou, Bohn Mark
Objective: To prepare a more comprehensive nutrition, more balanced proportion of natural nutritional supplement tablets with Moringa oleifera leaves and spirulina the two nutrients which have complementary natural food ingredients. Method: On the basis of research M. oleifera leaves with spirulina nutrient composition was determined on M. oleifera leaves and spirulina ratio of raw materials, and the choice of microcrystalline cellulose, sodium salt of caboxy methyl cellulose(CMC),magnesium stearate excipient, through single factor and orthogonal experiment, selecting the best formula tablets prepared by powder direct compression technology, for preparation of M...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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