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Nutritional balance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786877/morphomic-malnutrition-score-a-standardized-screening-tool-for-severe-malnutrition-in-adults
#1
Christopher Lee, Erica Raymond, Brian A Derstine, Joshua M Glazer, Rebecca Goulson, Avinash Rajasekaran, Jill Cherry-Bukowiec, Grace L Su, Stewart C Wang
BACKGROUND: Granular diagnostic criteria for adult malnutrition are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study uses analytic morphomics to define the Morphomic Malnutrition Score (MMS), a robust screening tool for severe malnutrition. METHODS: The study population (n = 643) consisted of 2 cohorts: 1) 124 emergency department patients diagnosed with severe malnutrition by a registered dietitian (RD) and an available computed tomography (CT) scan within 2 days of RD evaluation, and 2) 519 adult kidney donor candidates to represent a healthy cohort...
May 22, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786832/the-primary-active-components-antioxidant-properties-and-differential-metabolite-profiles-of-radish-sprouts-raphanus-sativus-l-upon-domestic-storage-analysis-of-nutritional-quality
#2
Ru Li, Yi Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the nutritional quality of radish sprouts (Raphanus sativus L.) upon domestic short-term storage. We stored fresh radish sprouts at 25±1°C and at 4±1°C for 12 h, detected phenolic substances, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, vitamin C, and various antioxidant and abiotic stress-related factors. We investigated nutrient-related metabolic differences and associated pathways and postharvest treatment effects on nutritional quality via metabolomics analysis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783220/-the-role-of-social-and-economic-factors-in-the-formation-of-the-somatic-health-level-in-school-aged-children
#3
Veronika K Kozakevych, Larysa S Ziuzina, Liudmyla A Zhuk, Lidiia D Korovina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is devoted to a relevant problem - the state of health in school-aged children. Almost 90 % of school-aged children have deviations in their health, and over 50 % have poor physical fitness. Therefore, the problem of early diagnosis, detection and correction of pre-nosologic conditions is an effective means of preventing diseases and improving the health of children. The aim: The aim of the research was to examine the state of somatic health of school-aged children in Poltava and to identify the risk factors for its disturbances...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782893/quantity-based-analysis-of-household-food-consumption-patterns-and-drivers-the-case-of-israel
#4
Yuval Damari, Meidad Kissinger
The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782843/role-of-nutritional-vitamin-d-in-osteoporosis-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Yi-Chou Hou, Chia-Chao Wu, Min-Tser Liao, Jia-Fwu Shyu, Chi-Feng Hung, Tzung-Hai Yen, Chien-Lin Lu, Kuo-Cheng Lu
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by a decrease in bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue. The World Health Organization has defined osteoporosis as a decrease in bone mass (50%) and bony quality (50%). Vitamin D, a steroid hormone, is crucial for skeletal health and in mineral metabolism. Its direct action on osteoblasts and osteoclasts and interaction with nonskeletal tissues help in maintaining a balance between bone turnover and bone growth. Vitamin D affects the activity of osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes, suggesting that it affects bone formation, bone resorption, and bone quality...
May 18, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777232/maternal-overnutrition-programs-epigenetic-changes-in-the-regulatory-regions-of-hypothalamic-pomc-in-the-offspring-of-rats
#6
Thanuja Gali Ramamoorthy, Tiffany-Jayne Allen, Alison Davies, Erika Harno, Charlotte Sefton, Christopher Murgatroyd, Anne White
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Maternal overnutrition has been implicated in affecting the offspring by programming metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes, by mechanisms that are not clearly understood. This study aimed to determine the long-term impact of maternal high-fat (HF) diet feeding on epigenetic changes in the offspring's hypothalamic Pomc gene, coding a key factor in the control of energy balance. Further, it aimed to study the additional effects of postnatal overnutrition on epigenetic programming by maternal nutrition...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775962/preterm-birth-and-oxidative-stress-effects-of-acute-physical-exercise-and-hypoxia-physiological-responses
#7
Agnès Martin, Camille Faes, Tadej Debevec, Chantal Rytz, Grégoire Millet, Vincent Pialoux
Preterm birth is a global health issue that can induce lifelong medical sequela. Presently, at least one in ten newborns are born prematurely. At birth, preterm newborns exhibit higher levels of oxidative stress (OS) due to the inability to face the oxygen rich environment in which they are born into. Moreover, their immature respiratory, digestive, immune and antioxidant defense systems, as well as the potential numerous medical interventions following a preterm birth, such as oxygen resuscitation, nutrition, phototherapy and blood transfusion further contribute to high levels of OS...
May 1, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767697/perspective-structure-function-claims-on-infant-formula
#8
John C Wallingford
In the context of a food product label, the term "claim" refers to information that attributes value to the product. The term extends to many different types of information, from product identity, descriptors of intended use, and identification of characteristic properties to the physiologic effects in the body of substances in the food, including the reduction of risk of disease. Food labeling, which includes claims, provides information that consumers want and use to improve their diets. Consumers prefer short statements on the front label claims to longer, more detailed information, including ingredients statements and a nutrition panel...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766791/immunometabolic-changes-in-hepatocytes-arising-from-obesity-and-the-practice-of-physical-exercise
#9
Paula Alves Monteiro, Wagner Prado, Thiago Ricardo Dos Santos Tenório, Luciane Magri Tomaz, David H St-Pierre, Fabio Santos Lira
Over the recent years, a particular interest was shown towards understanding the roles of excessive hepatic fat accumulation and the development of obesity-related diseases. While hepatic triacylglycerol accumulation seems to be a response to the systemic increase of insulin release, fatty acid metabolites contribute to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It is widely accepted that NAFLD is a polygenic and multifactorial disease under the influence of critical behavioral factors such as overeating and sedentary lifestyles...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766694/analysis-of-the-choice-of-food-products-and-the-energy-value-of-diets-of-female-middle-and-long-distance-runners-depending-on-the-self-assessment-of-their-nutritional-habits
#10
Dominika Głąbska, Marta Jusińska
Background: Properly balanced diet is especially important in the case of young athletes, as it influences not only their physical development, but also influences results obtained during trainings and competitions. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the choice of food products and the energy value of diets of female middleand long-distance runners, depending on the self-assessment of their nutritional habits. Material and methods: The study was conducted in the group of 40 female middle- and long-distance runners, aged 15-25, who declared average diet (n=15, 37...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766369/nutritional-issues-in-food-allergy
#11
REVIEW
Isabel J Skypala, Rebecca McKenzie
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the development and management of food allergy. The diet of expectant mothers can have an effect on their offspring in terms of allergic outcomes. A host of confounding factors may influence this, with a maternal diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, vitamin D-rich foods associated with a lower risk of allergic disease in their children. More surprisingly, the consumption of milk and butter has also been shown to have a protective effect, especially in a farm environment...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765869/nutritional-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-two-ponies
#12
Luca Lacitignola, Pasquale De Luca, Rossella Santovito, Maria Severa Di Comite, Antonio Crovace
Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism (NSH) is uncommon in horses. Aim of this report is evaluate an alternative therapeutic approach and provide more information on the diagnostic procedures, through detailed microscopic findings of the bone lesions pony with NSH. Administration of tiludronate along with a balanced diet can be used in a treatment protocol for ponies with NSH. This case report suggests that tiludronate can be used to ameliorate the clinical signs of NSH.
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761915/reduction-of-parenteral-nutrition-and-hydration-support-and-safety-with-long-term-teduglutide-treatment-in-patients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-associated-intestinal-failure-steps-3-study
#13
Douglas L Seidner, Ken Fujioka, Joseph I Boullata, Kishore Iyer, Hak-Myung Lee, Thomas R Ziegler
BACKGROUND: Patients with intestinal failure associated with short bowel syndrome (SBS-IF) require parenteral support (PS) to maintain fluid balance or nutrition. Teduglutide (TED) reduced PS requirements in patients with SBS-IF in the randomized, placebo (PBO)-controlled STEPS study (NCT00798967) and its 2-year, open-label extension, STEPS-2 (NCT00930644). METHODS: STEPS-3 (NCT01560403), a 1-year, open-label extension study in patients with SBS-IF who completed STEPS-2, further monitored the safety and efficacy of TED (0...
May 15, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761610/pathways-and-mechanisms-linking-dietary-components-to-cardiometabolic-disease-thinking-beyond-calories
#14
REVIEW
K L Stanhope, M I Goran, A Bosy-Westphal, J C King, L A Schmidt, J-M Schwarz, E Stice, A C Sylvetsky, P J Turnbaugh, G A Bray, C D Gardner, P J Havel, V Malik, A E Mason, E Ravussin, M Rosenbaum, J A Welsh, C Allister-Price, D M Sigala, M R C Greenwood, A Astrup, R M Krauss
Calories from any food have the potential to increase risk for obesity and cardiometabolic disease because all calories can directly contribute to positive energy balance and fat gain. However, various dietary components or patterns may promote obesity and cardiometabolic disease by additional mechanisms that are not mediated solely by caloric content. Researchers explored this topic at the 2017 CrossFit Foundation Academic Conference 'Diet and Cardiometabolic Health - Beyond Calories', and this paper summarizes the presentations and follow-up discussions...
May 14, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756571/the-mechanism-of-dietary-protein-modulation-of-bone-metabolism-via-alterations-in-members-of-the-gh-igf-axis
#15
Chen Lv, Songcai Liu, Jichao Xia, Lei Xu, Yunyun Cheng, Wenyue Li, Yu Zhang, Gang Wang, Wenzhen Wei, Hongyu Shi, Shan Huang, Nan Wang, Linlin Hao
Dietary protein intake as a critical regulatory factor of bone metabolism is a vital element to regulate nutritional status of mammals. Under the action of protease, dietary protein is digested into peptides and free amino acids (FAAs). Then, the metabolites are absorbed by enterocytes and metabolized in various organs of mammals. The dietary protein intake regulates bone metabolism generally via two aspects, dietary itself and signaling transduction. At the dietary level, different kinds of amino acids (AAs) of dietary protein may affect various protein metabolism of bone by regulating proteasome depending on proteolysis and protein synthesis...
May 14, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755482/silicon-improves-chilling-tolerance-during-early-growth-of-maize-by-effects-on-micronutrient-homeostasis-and-hormonal-balances
#16
Narges Moradtalab, Markus Weinmann, Frank Walker, Birgit Höglinger, Uwe Ludewig, Guenter Neumann
Low soil temperature in spring is a major constraint for the cultivation of tropical and subtropical crops in temperate climates, associated with inhibition of root growth and activity, affecting early growth and frequently plant performance and final yield. This study was initiated to investigate the physiological base of cold-protective effects induced by supplementation with silicon (Si), widely recommended as a stress-protective mineral nutrient. Maize was used as a cold-sensitive model plant, exposed to chilling stress and low root-zone temperature (RZT) during early growth in a lab to field approach...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754386/nutritional-deficiencies-in-chinese-patients-undergoing-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-and-predictors
#17
Bingsheng Guan, Jingge Yang, Yanya Chen, Wah Yang, Cunchuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies have been reported in bariatric surgery patients with inconsistent results. However, scarce data exist for Chinese patients. We aimed to assess nutritional deficiencies in Chinese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and to identify predictors of postoperative nutritional status. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted in the patients undergoing RYGB and SG in our hospital between June 2013 and January 2017...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753745/1-%C3%AE-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d-3-potentiates-avian-osteoclast-activation-by-increasing-the-formation-of-zipper-like-structure-via-src-rac1-signaling
#18
Dong Wang, Jian-Hong Gu, Ling-Ling Feng, Xi-Shuai Tong, Rui-Long Song, Hong-Yan Zhao, Jian-Chun Bian, Xue-Zhong Liu, Yan Yuan, Zong-Ping Liu
Avian bone metabolism diseases affect the development and production of chickens, and many of these diseases can be prevented and controlled by balanced nutrition and hormone medicine. The steroid hormone 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 plays a key role in maintaining the balance of avian bone metabolism. Clinically, 1α,25-(OH)2 D3 has been used to treat several bone diseases. Although several previous studies have investigated the effects of 1α,25-(OH)2 D3 on osteoclastogenesis, the mechanisms underpinning osteoclast (OC) activity remain largely unknown...
May 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748126/feeding-the-gut-after-revisional-bariatric-surgery-the-fate-of-126-enteral-access-tubes
#19
Andrew T Strong, Hana Fayazzadeh, Gautam Sharma, Kevin El-Hayek, Matthew Kroh, John Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) is associated with higher complication rates compared with primary bariatric surgery. Feeding tubes (FTs), including gastrostomy and jejunostomy tubes placed during RBS, may serve as a safety net to provide nutrition when oral intake is contraindicated or limited; however, FTs in this setting have not been well investigated. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine complications, use, and duration of FTs placed during RBS...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743107/dietary-selenium-intake-based-on-the-chinese-food-pagoda-the-influence-of-dietary-patterns-on-selenium-intake
#20
Jing Wang, Linsheng Yang, Hairong Li, Yonghua Li, Binggan Wei
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) is essential for humans, with many critical roles in physiological and pathophysiological processes. Fish, eggs and meats are usually the rich food sources of Se. To improve the nutritional status of population, a new version of balanced dietary pattern in the form of the Chinese Food Pagoda (2016) was proclaimed. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of this balanced dietary pattern to daily Se intake, and to assess Se intake status of Chinese residents under this Food Pagoda scenario...
May 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
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