keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutritional balance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231616/a-dedicated-nutritional-care-program-nutricare-to-reduce-malnutrition-in-institutionalized-dysphagic-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Milko Zanini, Annamaria Bagnasco, Gianluca Catania, Giuseppe Aleo, Marina Sartini, Maria Luisa Cristina, Stefania Ripamonti, Fiammetta Monacelli, Patrizio Odetti, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a texture-modified food program for dysphagia on the nutritional, biochemical, and functional profile in a cohort of institutionalized older people in Italy. BACKGROUND: Dysphagic institutionalized older people, often also affected by dementia, are frequently exposed to malnutrition. Malnutrition in older people has negative effects on mortality, days of hospitalization, infection, wound healing, and risk of pressure injuries...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231184/mineral-nutritional-yield-and-nutrient-density-of-locally-adapted-wheat-genotypes-under-organic-production
#2
Sergio Daniel Moreira-Ascarrunz, Hans Larsson, Maria Luisa Prieto-Linde, Eva Johansson
The aim of the present investigation was to investigate the nutritional yield, nutrient density, stability, and adaptability of organically produced wheat for sustainable and nutritional high value food production. This study evaluated the nutritional yield of four minerals (Fe, Zn, Cu, and Mg) in 19 wheat genotypes, selected as being locally adapted under organic agriculture conditions. The new metric of nutritional yield was calculated for each genotype and they were evaluated for stability using the Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) stability analysis and for genotypic value, stability, and adaptability using the Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (BLUP procedure)...
December 20, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#3
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230722/individual-diet-modeling-shows-how-to-balance-the-diet-of-french-adults-with-or-without-excessive-free-sugar-intakes
#4
Anne Lluch, Matthieu Maillot, Rozenn Gazan, Florent Vieux, Fabien Delaere, Sarah Vaudaine, Nicole Darmon
Dietary changes needed to achieve nutritional adequacy for 33 nutrients were determined for 1719 adults from a representative French national dietary survey. For each individual, an iso-energy nutritionally adequate diet was generated using diet modeling, staying as close as possible to the observed diet. The French food composition table was completed with free sugar (FS) content. Results were analyzed separately for individuals with FS intakes in their observed diets ≤10% or >10% of their energy intake (named below FS-ACCEPTABLE and FS-EXCESS, respectively)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226881/adaptive-data-processing-for-real-time-nutrition-monitoring
#5
Anahita Hosseini, Haik Kalantarian, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Anahita Hosseini, Haik Kalantarian, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Haik Kalantarian, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Anahita Hosseini
The issue of time-series segmentation refers to the division of continuous sensor data into discrete windows, each of which are processed individually and assigned a class label. Unlike offline data processing scenarios, segmentation for low-power wearable devices must balance the juxtaposed aims of accuracy and computational efficiency. In this paper, we propose a novel scheme for segmentation of sparse sensor data using an adaptive window size approach. Our results are benchmarked on an audio-based nutrition monitoring dataset, and show a reduction in processing overhead of 68% compared to the baseline with fixed window sizes...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222147/the-desert-gerbil-psammomys-obesus-as-a-model-for-metformin-sensitive-nutritional-type-2-diabetes-to-protect-hepatocellular-metabolic-damage-impact-of-mitochondrial-redox-state
#6
Inès Gouaref, Dominique Detaille, Nicolas Wiernsperger, Naim Akhtar Khan, Xavier Leverve, Elhadj-Ahmed Koceir
INTRODUCTION: While metformin (MET) is the most widely prescribed antidiabetic drug worldwide, its beneficial effects in Psammomys obesus (P. obesus), a rodent model that mimics most of the metabolic features of human diabetes, have not been explored thoroughly. Here, we sought to investigate whether MET might improve insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis, lipid profile as well as cellular redox and energy balance in P. obesus maintained on a high energy diet (HED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218618/brain-nuclear-receptors-and-body-weight-regulation
#7
Yong Xu, Bert W O'Malley, Joel K Elmquist
Neural pathways, especially those in the hypothalamus, integrate multiple nutritional, hormonal, and neural signals, resulting in the coordinated control of body weight balance and glucose homeostasis. Nuclear receptors (NRs) sense changing levels of nutrients and hormones, and therefore play essential roles in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Understanding the role and the underlying mechanisms of NRs in the context of energy balance control may facilitate the identification of novel targets to treat obesity...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#8
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207425/evidence-based-interventions-for-improvement-of-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-low-income-settings-what-s-new
#9
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal and child malnutrition continues to disproportionately affect low and middle-income countries, contributing to high rates of morbidity, mortality, and suboptimal development. This article reviews evidence from recent systematic reviews and studies on the effectiveness of interventions to improve nutritional status in these especially vulnerable populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Macronutrients provided to expectant mothers in the form of balanced protein energy supplements can improve fetal growth and birth outcomes, and new research suggests that lipid nutrient supplements can reduce both stunting and wasting in newborns...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203647/the-potential-of-blue-lupins-as-a-protein-source-in-the-diets-of-laying-hens
#10
Michael R F Lee, Sarah Parkinson, Hannah R Fleming, Vince J Theobald, Dave K Leemans, Tony Burgess
Layers diets typically contain 15-20% soya due to its high crude protein content (ca. 36%). Reliance on soya for protein can result in large increases in cost of feed due to the law of supply and demand as a global commodity. Lupin grains have high protein content (35-40%) but previous experience with white lupins has shown toxic effects in poultry due to high levels alkaloids and poor performance due to anti-nutritional Non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). Here blue lupins either processed or whole were trialled for their potential as a protein source...
December 2016: Veterinary and Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196880/agrp-to-kiss1-neuron-signaling-links-nutritional-state-and-fertility
#11
Stephanie L Padilla, Jian Qiu, Casey C Nestor, Chunguang Zhang, Arik W Smith, Benjamin B Whiddon, Oline K Rønnekleiv, Martin J Kelly, Richard D Palmiter
Mammalian reproductive function depends upon a neuroendocrine circuit that evokes the pulsatile release of gonadotropin hormones (luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone) from the pituitary. This reproductive circuit is sensitive to metabolic perturbations. When challenged with starvation, insufficient energy reserves attenuate gonadotropin release, leading to infertility. The reproductive neuroendocrine circuit is well established, composed of two populations of kisspeptin-expressing neurons (located in the anteroventral periventricular hypothalamus, Kiss1(AVPV), and arcuate hypothalamus, Kiss1(ARH)), which drive the pulsatile activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons...
February 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196327/food-parenting-practices-and-their-association-with-child-nutrition-risk-status-comparing-mothers-and-fathers
#12
Jessica Charlotte Watterworth, Joy Miranda Mackay, Andrea C Buchholz, Gerarda Darlington, Janis A Randall Simpson, David W L Ma, Jess Haines
In Canada, little is known about how food parenting practices are associated with young children's dietary intakes and no studies have examined food parenting practices of Canadian fathers. This study aimed to examine associations between food parenting practices and preschool-age children's nutrition risk. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 31 two-parent families; 31 mothers, 31 fathers and 40 preschool-age children. Parents completed an adapted version of the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire...
February 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193285/the-share-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-the-overall-nutritional-quality-of-diets-in-the-us-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#13
Euridice Martínez Steele, Barry M Popkin, Boyd Swinburn, Carlos A Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Recent population dietary studies indicate that diets rich in ultra-processed foods, increasingly frequent worldwide, are grossly nutritionally unbalanced, suggesting that the dietary contribution of these foods largely determines the overall nutritional quality of contemporaneous diets. Yet, these studies have focused on individual nutrients (one at a time) rather than the overall nutritional quality of the diets. Here we investigate the relationship between the energy contribution of ultra-processed foods in the US diet and its content of critical nutrients, individually and overall...
February 14, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187229/protein-deprivation-decreases-male-survival-and-the-intensity-of-sexual-antagonism-in-southern-field-crickets-gryllus-bimaculatus
#14
Chang S Han, Niels J Dingemanse
Recent theory predicts that the magnitude of sexual antagonism should depend on how well populations are adapted to their environment. We tested this idea experimentally by comparing intersexual genetic correlations for adult survival in pedigreed populations of Southern field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) raised on naturally balanced (free-choice) vs. imbalanced (protein-deprived) diets. We tested for 1) sex differences in nutritional intake and preference, 2) sex-specific effects of protein deprivation on survival and 3) diet-dependence of the level of sexual antagonism...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183054/national-estimation-of-seafood-consumption-in-mexico-implications-for-exposure-to-methylmercury-and-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#15
Alejandra Cantoral, Carolina Batis, Niladri Basu
BACKGROUND: Seafood is a good source of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFA) but also contains the toxic contaminant methylmercury (MeHg). National estimates of exposure to both compounds through seafood intake in Mexico are not known. The objective of the current study was to describe national seafood consumption habits and to estimate seafood-based exposure to ω3-PUFAs and MeHg. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 24-h dietary recall extracted from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey of Mexico (n = 10,096 subjects aged 1y and older)...
January 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182163/which-is-preferable-for-orthostatic-hypotension-diagnosis-in-older-adults-active-standing-test-or-head-up-tilt-table-test
#16
Ali Ekrem Aydin, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik
BACKGROUND: Correct evaluation of orthostatic hypotension (OH) is crucial in geriatric practice, since OH is associated with mortality and morbidity. The study aimed to determine the most appropriate method for measuring blood pressure in transition from supine to upright position in order to diagnose OH in older adults. METHODS: Active standing test (AST) and head-up tilt table (HUT) test as well as comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), including mini-mental state examination or the cognitive state test, mini-nutritional assessment, basic and instrumental activities of daily living, and Tinetti performance-oriented mobility assessment indexes, were performed in 290 geriatric patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178852/young-adults-perceptions-of-calcium-intake-and-health
#17
Michelle L Marcinow, Janis A Randall Simpson, Susan J Whiting, Mary E Jung, Andrea C Buchholz
Many young Canadian adults are not meeting dietary calcium recommendations. This is concerning as adequate calcium is important throughout young adulthood to maximize peak bone mass for osteoporosis prevention. There are limited studies that have explored young adults' perceptions toward calcium and health. Our objectives were to determine young adults' (18-34 years) knowledge of calcium in relation to health, facilitators and barriers to adequate calcium intake, and to explore both their suggestions for individual strategies to increase calcium intake and ways to communicate calcium-related messaging to this population...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#18
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171220/prevention-of-nitrosative-stress-by-a-nutritional-supplement-lavita%C3%A2-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-with-healthy-volunteers
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A common pathomechanism involved in many degenerative manifestations of non-communicable diseases is nitrosative stress, giving rise to a chronic insidious inflammation causing silent inflammation at a cellular level. The release of nitric oxide inhibits multiple enzyme reactions with reduced oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial ATP depletion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We hypothesized that enzyme-inhibition can be alleviated by micronutrient supply, and studied laboratory parameters associated with nitrosative stress (nitrotyrosine, mitochondrial activity) after a micronutrient supplementation (a multivitamin mineral and trace element formulation as verum: LaVita®) and a placebo in healthy volunteers (n=150) for six months...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170420/sustainable-production-of-housefly-musca-domestica-larvae-as-a-protein-rich-feed-ingredient-by-utilizing-cattle-manure
#20
Mahmoud Hussein, Viju V Pillai, Joshua M Goddard, Hui G Park, Kumar S Kothapalli, Deborah A Ross, Quirine M Ketterings, J Thomas Brenna, Mark B Milstein, Helene Marquis, Patricia A Johnson, Jan P Nyrop, Vimal Selvaraj
The common housefly, Musca domestica, is a considerable component of nutrient recycling in the environment. Use of housefly larvae to biodegrade manure presents an opportunity to reduce waste disposal while the rapidly assimilated insect biomass can also be used as a protein rich animal feed. In this study, we examine the biodegradation of dairy cattle manure using housefly larvae, and the nutritional value of the resulting larva meal as a feed ingredient. Our results demonstrated that dairy cattle manure presents a balanced substrate for larval growth, and the spent manure showed reductions in concentration of total nitrogen (24...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
30741
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"