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Posture therapy

L Giangregorio, R El-Kotob
A fracture occurs when the applied load is greater than the bone can withstand. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of osteoporosis include recommendations for exercise; one of the few therapies where the proposed anti-fracture mechanisms that include effects on both bone strength and applied loads, where applied loads can come in the form of a fall, externally applied loads, body weight, or muscle forces. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the clinical evidence pertaining to the potential efficacy of exercise for preventing fractures in older adults, including its direct effects on outcomes along the causal pathway to fractures (e...
October 13, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Nicola Marchili, Eleonora Ortu, Davide Pietropaoli, Ruggero Cattaneo, Annalisa Monaco
Stomatognathic system is strictly correlated to other anatomical regions; many studies investigated relationship between temporomandibular joint and posture, several articles describe cranio-facial pain from dental causes, such as trigger points. Until now less interest has been given to connections between dental occlusion and ophthalmology, even if they are important and involving. Clinical experience in dental practice claims that mandibular latero-deviation is connected both to eye dominance and to defects of ocular convergence...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Tal Shafir
Emotion regulation is a person's active attempt to manage their emotional state by enhancing or decreasing specific feelings. Peripheral theories of emotion argue that the origins of emotions stem from bodily responses. This notion has been reformulated in neurophysiological terms by Damasio, who claimed that emotions are generated by conveying the current state of the body to the brain through interoceptive and proprioceptive afferent input. The resulting brain activation patterns represent unconscious emotions and correlate with conscious feelings...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
M Dieterich, J P Staab, T Brandt
Functional and psychiatric disorders that cause vestibular symptoms (i.e., vertigo, unsteadiness, and dizziness) are common. In fact, they are more common than many well-known structural vestibular disorders. Neurologists and otologists are more likely to encounter patients with vestibular symptoms due to persistent postural-perceptual dizziness or panic disorder than Ménière's disease or bilateral vestibular loss. Successful approaches to identifying functional and psychiatric causes of vestibular symptoms can be incorporated into existing practices without much difficulty...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Evhen Y Strashko, Аnna A Kapustianska, Lyudmyla E Bobyreva
Matters of physical and medical rehabilitation of children with organic lesions of the nervous system, in particular, with cerebral palsy, are actual in countries around the world. Hippotherapy is neurophysiologically oriented therapy using horses. Determine whether a combination of hippotherapy as a method of rehabilitation in the aftermath of outpatient comprehensive impact on MS on a stationary phase; Study of the effect of hippotherapy as securing and preparation method for learning new postures and movements in children with spastic cerebral palsy forms; The study of the possible optimization of psychophysical state, activation motivations of patients; Determination of the optimal timing of hippotherapy sessions, the number of procedures, the study of possible fatigue factor children...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli, Hossein Rouhani, Kei Masani, Mary C Verrier, Milos R Popovic
Balance training in the aquatic environment is often used in rehabilitation practice to improve static and dynamic balance. Although aquatic therapy is widely used in clinical practice, we still lack evidence on how immersion in water actually impacts postural control. We examined how postural sway measured using centre of pressure and trunk acceleration parameters are influenced by the aquatic environment along with the effects of visual information. Our results suggest that the aquatic environment increases postural instability, measured by the centre of pressure parameters in the time-domain...
September 28, 2016: Gait & Posture
Janusz Maciaszek, Natalia Kilan, Michal Bronikowski
BACKGROUND: The goal was to examine the influence of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on one leg standing in children with deficits of the postural stability. METHODS: 28 children 4 - 6 year old that could not stand on one leg for more than 20 seconds were randomly divided into control "C" and experimental "E" groups. Group "C" participated in standard classes in the kindergarten. Group "E" participated in sensory integration therapy (SIT) for 2 weeks, 5 times a week (additionally to the standard classes)...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Irene Torres-Sánchez, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Ana Díz-Pelegrina, Gerald Valenza-Demet, Maria Paz Moreno-Ramírez, Marie Carmen Valenza
BACKGROUND: COPD exacerbations are frequent events that have a negative impact on the lives of patients. The aims of this study were to analyze physical and functional impairment during hospital stay in subjects hospitalized due to COPD exacerbation and to assess the physical and functional impact of hospitalization at a 1-month follow-up in patients with severe COPD. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study on a sample of 52 subjects hospitalized due to COPD exacerbation...
October 4, 2016: Respiratory Care
M E Roerink, J W M Lenders, I C Schmits, A M A Pistorius, J W Smit, H Knoop, J W M van der Meer
BACKGROUND: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is considered a diagnostic marker for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (i) compare POTS prevalence in a CFS cohort with fatigued patients not meeting CFS criteria, and (ii) assess activity, impairment and response to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in CFS patients with POTS (POTS-CFS) and without POTS (non-POTS-CFS). METHODS: Prospective cohort study at the Radboud University Medical Centre in the Netherlands...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
Stephen King, Elizabeth S Roberts, Jonathan N King
BACKGROUND: Few pharmaceuticals are registered in cats for the management of post-operative pain and inflammation. The objective of this study was to assess the field efficacy and safety of an injectable formulation of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug robenacoxib in cats undergoing surgery. The study was a multi-center, prospective, randomized, masked, parallel-group, placebo-controlled clinical trial. A total of 349 cats were enrolled and underwent surgery comprising forelimb onychectomy, as an example of orthopedic surgery, plus either ovariohysterectomy or castration...
September 29, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Matthieu Casteran, Alain Putot, François Pfitzenmeyer, Elizabeth Thomas, Patrick Manckoundia
OBJECTIVE: While previous studies have demonstrated that depressive elderly subjects (DES) experience difficulties in the processing of simultaneous cognitive tasks, few have examined the coupling of cognitive tasks with seemingly 'automatic' tasks, such as standing upright. Current patient management focuses on pharmacological treatments and cognitive-behavioral therapies. METHODS: Healthy elderly (HES) and non-treated DES were included. Postural sway in DES was compared with that in HES while in single-task and dual-task conditions...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Mourad Aderkichi, Fatma Malek
OBJECTIVE: Orthopedic disorders of IMC walking children associated with other disorders of posture and movement get progressively worse with growth causing major deformations that can impede walking from the age of 2 years. The treatments implemented by physiotherapy, botulinum toxin and multi-site surgery significantly improve the functional prognosis of these children. The goal is to evaluate the fate of children who have not benefited from multi-site surgeries that have benefited from physiotherapy, stretching casts botulinum toxin and tenotomy on one or two sites...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Alain Yelnik, Cedric Andriantsifanetra, Peggy Reinert, Mathilde Evrard, Hélène Marneff, Marie Wanepain, Margaux Barbie, Johann Beaudreuil, Jean Pascal Devailly, Eric Vicaut
OBJECTIVE: Active and intensive physical therapy (PT) facilitates motor recovery when provided at a subacute stage after stroke. The efficiency of very early intensive PT (within the 2 first weeks) has been much less investigated. Early intensive rehabilitation might be beneficial for neural plasticity but also detrimental by worsening the cerebral ischemia. The AVERT study (Bernhardt 2015) showed negative effect of high dose of very early mobilisation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients have been recruited in this multicentre randomized controlled trial (9 stroke units with PRM teams) to compare "soft" (20 min/day apart from respiratory needs) versus "intensive" PT (idem+45 minutes of intensive exercises/day), initiated within the 72 first hours after a first hemispheric stroke...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
François Segretin, Guillaume Paris, Sarah Cheriet, Yohann Delarue
OBJECTIVE: The chronic lateral epicondylitis is a common pathology with an economic impact. Actually, many costly therapies are prescribed without evidence of their effectiveness. Physical therapies seem to be neglected. However, they can correct actions at risk and involve the patient in his rehabilitation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a standardized 2 month rehabilitation program composed of: an outpatient group education session, 18 liberal physical therapy sessions with correction of the posture of the trunk and shoulder, eccentric strengthening of the supinator muscles and the wrist extensor muscles, stretching, and some self daily exercises (transverse friction massage and stretching) according to Pernot-Comtet protocol...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Arlene A Schmid, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Jennifer D Portz, Karen E Atler, Christine A Fruhauf
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and benefits of the Merging Yoga and Occupational Therapy (MY-OT) intervention. DESIGN: This is the primary analysis of a non-controlled pretest-posttest pilot study to understand the feasibility and impact of MY-OT on balance, balance self-efficacy, and fall risk factor management in people with chronic stroke. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: People with chronic stroke were included in the study if they: had sustained a fall or had fear of falling, were able to stand, and hand impaired balance and were at risk for falls (≤46 on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS))...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Nitya Shree, Ramesh R Bhonde
It has been established that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from bone marrow enter the peripheral circulation intermittently for possible tissue regeneration, repair and to take care of daily wear and tear. This is evident from the detection of MSCs from peripheral blood. The factors governing this migration remain elusive. These MSCs carry out the work of policing and are supposed to repair the injured tissues. Thus, these cells help in maintaining the tissue and organ homeostasis. Yoga and pranayama originated in India and is now being practiced all over the world for positive health...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Susan E George, Diane F Borello-France
Functional constipation is a common bowel disorder leading to activity restrictions, and reduced health-related quality of life. Typically, this condition is initially managed with prescription of laxatives and/or fiber supplementation. However, these interventions are often ineffective and fail to address the underlying pathophysiology and impairments contributing to this condition. Physical therapists possess knowledge and skills to diagnose and manage a wide range of musculoskeletal and motor coordination impairments that may contribute to functional constipation...
September 15, 2016: Physical Therapy
(no author information available yet)
Ms. L. is a 31-year-old female who presents to Dr. Impf, a neurosurgeon. Ms. L. has a more than 25-year history of iteratively worsening Tourette syndrome, characterized by severe motoric and postural tics and respiratory expression (grunting). Ms. L. is a rather shy, somewhat introverted woman who spends her time with her husband and a small group of friends, mostly watching cooking shows. Although she has been, and is generally, a good student, she describes her academic performance as "not stellar." Following years of unsuccessful attempts at pharmacological therapy, Ms...
October 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Alicia J Spittle, Jennifer L McGinley, Deanne Thompson, Ross Clark, Tara L FitzGerald, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Katherine J Lee, Joy E Olsen, Alice Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Elisha Josev, Bonnie Alexander, Claire E Kelly, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills. These skills form the basis for more complex skills that are required to competently and confidently participate in schooling, sporting and recreational activities...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Nicole L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent issue that engenders enormous social and economic burdens. Recently, kinesio taping (KT) has become of interest in the management of chronic pain. Accordingly, this is the first systematic review to explicitly report the effects of KT on CLBP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to summarize the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of KT on CLBP. METHODS: A search was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORT Discus and Science Direct, up to June 17, 2015, using the following keywords: Kinesiology taping, kinesio taping, chronic low back pain...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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