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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110044/dopaminergic-modulation-of-multi-muscle-synergies-in-postural-tasks-performed-by-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Ali Falaki, Xuemei Huang, Mechelle M Lewis, Mark L Latash
BACKGROUND: Postural instability is one of most disabling motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Indices of multi-muscle synergies are new measurements of postural stability. OBJECTIVES: We explored the effects of dopamine-replacement drugs on multi-muscle synergies stabilizing center of pressure coordinate and their adjustments prior to a self-triggered perturbation in patients with Parkinson's disease. We hypothesized that both synergy indices and synergy adjustments would be improved on dopaminergic drugs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101036/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-hiv-infection
#2
Eunice Patarata, Vera Bernardino, Ana Martins, Rui Pereira, Conceição Loureiro, Maria Francisca Moraes-Fontes
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is a rare condition characterized by emotional and behavioral disturbances, dyskinesias, and extrapyramidal signs. It occurs in young women of reproductive age and is classically described as a paraneoplastic phenomenon. We present a 36-year-old, HIV-positive female who was admitted to the hospital in an acute confusional state, with a stiff posture, periods of motor agitation, and myoclonic jerks of the hands. Her mental state progressively deteriorated...
September 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089225/-effectiveness-of-an-individualised-physiotherapy-program-versus-group-therapy-on-neck-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-acute-and-subacute-mechanical-neck-pain
#3
Leonardo Gregorio Antúnez Sánchez, María de la Casa Almeida, Jesús Rebollo Roldán, Antonio Ramírez Manzano, Rocío Martín Valero, Carmen Suárez Serrano
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy in reducing neck pain and disability in an individualised physiotherapy treatment with group treatment in acute and subacute mechanical neck pain. DESIGN: Randomised clinical trial. LOCATION: Health Area of University Hospital Virgen del Rocío, Seville, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 90 patients diagnosed with mechanical neck pain of up to one month onset, distributed randomly into two groups: (i)individualised treatment; (ii)group treatment...
January 11, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069258/reference-values-for-human-posture-measurements-based-on-computerized-photogrammetry-a-systematic-review
#4
Ana Freire Macedo Ribeiro, Anke Bergmann, Thiago Lemos, Antônio Guilherme Pacheco, Maitê Mello Russo, Laura Alice Santos de Oliveira, Erika de Carvalho Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to review the literature to identify reference values for angles and distances of body segments related to upright posture in healthy adult women with the Postural Assessment Software (PAS/SAPO). METHODS: Electronic databases (BVS, PubMed, SciELO and Scopus) were assessed using the following descriptors: evaluation, posture, photogrammetry, physical therapy, postural alignment, postural assessment, and physiotherapy...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033958/balance-improvement-after-physical-therapy-training-using-specially-developed-serious-games-for-cerebral-palsy-children-preliminary-results
#5
Bruno Bonnechère, Lubos Omelina, Bart Jansen, Serge Van Sint Jan
PURPOSE: Cerebral palsy (CP) leads to various clinical signs mainly induced by muscle spasticity and muscle weakness. Among these ones impaired balance and posture are very common. Traditional physical therapy exercise programs are focusing on this aspect, but it is difficult to motivate patients to regularly perform these exercises, especially at home without therapist supervision. Specially developed serious games (SG) could therefore be an interesting option to motivate children to perform specific exercise for balance improvement...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030470/dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-yielded-higher-treatment-success-rate-for-crps-and-causalgia-at-3-and-12-months-randomized-comparative-trial
#6
Timothy R Deer, Robert M Levy, Jeffrey Kramer, Lawrence Poree, Kasra Amirdelfan, Eric Grigsby, Peter Staats, Allen W Burton, Abram H Burgher, Jon Obray, James Scowcroft, Stan Golovac, Leonardo Kapural, Richard Paicius, Christopher Kim, Jason Pope, Thomas Yearwood, Sam Samuel, W Porter McRoberts, Hazmer Cassim, Mark Netherton, Nathan Miller, Michael Schaufele, Edward Tavel, Timothy Davis, Kristina Davis, Linda Johnson, Nagy Mekhail
Animal and human studies indicate that electrical stimulation of DRG neurons may modulate neuropathic pain signals.ACCURATE, a pivotal, prospective, multi-center, randomized-comparative effectiveness trial, was conducted in 152 subjects diagnosed with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) or causalgia in the lower extremities. Subjects received neurostimulation of the DRG or dorsal column (SCS). The primary endpoint was a composite of safety and efficacy at 3 months and subjects were assessed through 12 months for long term outcomes and adverse events...
December 23, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003774/effectiveness-of-the-multidimensional-ergonomic-intervention-model-to-reduce-musculoskeletal-discomfort-among-street-sweepers-in-chiang-rai-province-thailand
#7
Kanjanar Pintakham, Wattasit Siriwong
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of multidimensional ergonomic intervention (MEI) model to reduce musculoskeletal discomfort (MSD) among street sweepers. A quasi-experimental study was conducted in Chiang Rai Province. The MEI model was designed on the basis of four core components: cognitive behavior therapy, ergonomic education training, stretching exercise, and the foam sleeve broom handle grip. Seventy-five street sweepers volunteered for the screening process on MSD of having level score ≥4 by physiotherapist...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#8
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#9
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977513/short-duration-therapeutic-massage-reduces-postural-upper-trapezius-muscle-activity
#10
Antoinette R Domingo, Melissa Diek, Kathleen M Goble, Katrina S Maluf, Daniel J Goble, Harsimran S Baweja
Massage therapy has historically been used as a therapeutic treatment to help reduce pain and promote relaxation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of therapeutic massage on the upper trapezius muscles, which are commonly associated with increased muscle tension. This was a randomized crossover study. Seventeen healthy individuals (nine women; 24.5±4.0 years) participated in the study. All individuals participated in two sessions that were held 24 h apart. In one of the sessions, the participants received a moderate pressure massage applied to the shoulders and neck...
January 18, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959743/autologous-adipose-stem-cell-therapy-for-autonomic-nervous-system-dysfunction-in-two-young-patients
#11
Mohammed T Numan, Ankur Kamdar, Jane Young, Ian Butler
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome and neurocardiogenic syncope are clinical manifestations of autonomic nervous system dysfunction (dysautonomia) that can lead to impaired daily functions. We report two young patients presenting with dysautonomia and autoimmune disease who both received autologous adipose stem cells (ASCs) infusions. This report will be the first description of ASCs therapy for patients with combined dysautonomia and autoimmune disease. Case1: A 21 year female presented at 12 years of age with escalating severe dysautonomia with weight loss and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms...
December 13, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942122/the-effect-of-the-shoulder-stability-exercise-using-resistant-vibration-stimulus-on-forward-head-posture-and-muscle-activity
#12
Eun-Kyung Kim, Jong Ho Kang, Hyo Taek Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze shoulder stabilization using resistant vibration stimulus during bodyblade exercise followed by forward head posture improvement. [Subjects and Methods] Craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured with 24 patients who were diagnosed with forward head posture. The experimental group conducted bodyblade exercise for 6 weeks and all patients received conventional physical therapy. The craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured using a diagnostic imaging device to measure the change in forward head posture...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942108/effects-of-scapular-stability-exercise-on-shoulder-stability-and-rehabilitative-ultrasound-images-in-office-workers
#13
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To examine the clinical effectiveness of scapular stability exercise on shoulder stability and rehabilitative ultrasound images in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-eight subjects were randomly divided into a scapular stability exercise group (n=19) and a manual therapy group (n=19). Subjects in the scapular stability exercise group performed a scapular stability exercise designed to correct the abnormal location of the scapula, at 40 minutes per session, two times per week, for 6 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932596/infantile-lhermitte-duclos-disease-treated-successfully-with-rapamycin
#14
Megan Zak, Mark Ledbetter, Paul Maertens
Lhermitte-Duclos disease is a rare hamartomatous tumor of the cerebellum resulting from a mutation in the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene: it has been reported in fewer than 10 infants. Rapamycin treatment has not yet been described in Lhermitte-Duclos disease. The infant underwent shunt placement shortly after birth for aqueductal stenosis. Her clinical progression included failure to thrive, seizures, episodes of decerebrate posturing, loss of respiratory drive, and pituitary insufficiency from mass effect...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930554/pulsed-radiofrequency-treatment-of-the-superior-hypogastric-plexus-in-an-interstitial-cystitis-patient-with-chronic-pain-and-symptoms-refractory-to-oral-and-intravesical-medications-and-bladder-hydrodistension-a-case-report
#15
Jong Hae Kim, Eugene Kim, Bong Il Kim
RATIONALE: A variety of therapeutic modalities are available for the treatment of interstitial cystitis. However, among them, the less invasive therapies are usually ineffective, whereas the invasive ones carry potential risks of serious side effects and complications. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment of the superior hypogastric plexus may be an alternative to conventional treatments, as it provides nondestructive neuromodulation to the superior hypogastric plexus, which transmits the majority of pain signals from the pelvic viscera...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927020/development-of-a-measure-of-therapy-provision-for-spasticity-management-in-the-paretic-lower-limb-the-leg-therapy-recording-schedule-legts
#16
Stephen Ashford, Diana Jackson, Lynne Turner-Stokes
PURPOSE: In rehabilitation studies, it is critical to understand the constituents of interventions. First, to enable replication of the work and second, to identify what treatments work best. The development of a tool to describe and quantify therapy interventions in the context of focal spasticity management is presented. METHODS: Potential intervention categories were identified from: (a) retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a cohort of patients (n = 62) receiving physical interventions in the context of botulinum toxin (BoNT) injection for leg spasticity and (b) cognitive de-briefing with Patient and Carer Advisory Group (PCAG) of patient and carer dyads (n = 8)...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918482/fuzzy-computing-model-of-activity-recognition-on-wsn-movement-data-for-ubiquitous-healthcare-measurement
#17
Shu-Yin Chiang, Yao-Chiang Kan, Yun-Shan Chen, Ying-Ching Tu, Hsueh-Chun Lin
Ubiquitous health care (UHC) is beneficial for patients to ensure they complete therapeutic exercises by self-management at home. We designed a fuzzy computing model that enables recognizing assigned movements in UHC with privacy. The movements are measured by the self-developed body motion sensor, which combines both accelerometer and gyroscope chips to make an inertial sensing node compliant with a wireless sensor network (WSN). The fuzzy logic process was studied to calculate the sensor signals that would entail necessary features of static postures and dynamic motions...
December 3, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#18
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905392/-clinical-and-stabilometric-restructuring-of-patients-stability-during-balance-therapy-from-the-first-days-of-ischemic-stroke
#19
E A Plishkina, B N Bein
AIM: To study the process of recovery of postural function during stabilometric training with biofeedback (BFB) in patients with ischemic carotid stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent 10-day stabilometric training from the onset of stroke. Clinical and stabilometric parameters were assessed at 4 points: at baseline, after 5 sessions, after 10 sessions and after 3-4 months in the early recovery stage after discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: There was no correlation between the positive regress of neurologic symptoms and trends of stabilometry indicators...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#20
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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