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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210066/effects-of-interactive-metronome-training-on-postural-stability-and-upper-extremity-function-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-study
#1
Arim Kim, Hye-Sun Lee, Chiang-Soon Song
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interactive metronome training on the postural stability and upper extremity function of an individual with Parkinson's disease. [Subject and Methods] The participant of this case study was a 75-year-old female with Parkinson's disease diagnosed 7 years prior. This study was a single-subject research with an A-B-A design. She received IM training during the treatment phase (B phase) for 40 minutes per session. She was assessed pretest and posttest using the Berg balance scale and Wolf motor function test, and at baseline and the treatment phase using the measured box-and-block test and a Tetrax system...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203475/benefit-from-the-chin-down-maneuver-in-the-swallowing-performance-and-self-perception-of-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#2
Annelise Ayres, Geraldo Pereira Jotz, Carlos R M Rieder, Maira Rozenfeld Olchik
Aims. To verify the effectiveness of the maneuver application in swallowing therapy with PD. Materials and Method. We performed an open-label trial, with three groups compounds by PD individuals: the experimental group, control group, and orientation group. The study included PD patients with dysphagia. A cognitive screening, through a questionnaire about depression and quality of life, was conducted. Swallowing assessment was performed through (1) fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES); (2) clinical evaluation and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS); and (3) assessment of the quality life related to swallowing (SWALQOL)...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202120/-management-of-positional-head-deformity-in-31-infants
#3
Wei-Wei Pan, Xiao-Mei Tong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of postural correction training and helmet therapy in the treatment of moderate-severe positional head deformity defined as asymmetric head shape in infants. METHODS: A total of 31 infants who were diagnosed with moderate-severe plagiocephaly and/or brachiocephaly were enrolled. According to the different treatment methods, the infants were divided into helmet therapy group with 11 infants and postural correction training group with 20 infants...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197849/effect-of-myofascial-techniques-for-treatment-of-upper-limb-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Verlvoesem, Evi Dieltjens, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
PURPOSE: Besides pain, myofascial dysfunctions may contribute to the presence of upper limb impairments such as impaired range of motion, decreased strength, lymphedema, and altered postures and kinematics. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of myofascial therapy in addition to a standard physical therapy program for treatment of upper limb dysfunctions in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Fifty women treated for a unilateral breast cancer with pain and myofascial dysfunctions at the upper limb region...
February 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196632/procedure-selection-and-patient-positioning-influence-spine-kinematics-during-high-velocity-low-amplitude-spinal-manipulation-applied-to-the-low-back
#5
Spencer Bell, Kevin D'Angelo, Gregory N Kawchuk, John J Triano, Samuel J Howarth
OBJECTIVES: This investigation compared indirect 3-dimensional angular kinematics (position, velocity, and acceleration) of the lumbar spine for 2 different high-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) spinal manipulation procedures (lumbar spinous pull or push), and altered initial patient lower limb posture. METHODS: Twenty-four participants underwent 6 HVLA procedures directed toward the presumed L4 vertebra, reflecting each combination of 2 variants of a spinal manipulation application technique (spinous pull and push) and 3 initial hip flexion angles (0°, 45°, and 90°) applied using a right lateral recumbent patient position...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195561/automatic-and-hierarchical-segmentation-of-the-human-skeleton-in-ct-images
#6
Yabo Fu, Shi Liu, Hui Harold Li, Deshan Yang
Accurate segmentation of each bone in human skeleton is useful in many medical disciplines. Results of bone segmentation could facilitate bone disease diagnosis and post-treatment assessment, and support planning and image guidance for many treatment modalities including surgery and radiation therapy. As a medium level medical image processing task, accurate bone segmentation can facilitate automatic internal organ segmentation by providing stable structural reference for inter- or intra-patient registration and internal organ localization...
February 14, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188024/robotic-assisted-gait-training-improves-walking-abilities-in-diplegic-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
L Wallard, G Dietrich, Y Kerlirzin, J Bredin
The robotic-assisted gait training therapy (RAGT), based on intensity and repetition of movement, presents beneficial effects on recovery and improvement of postural and locomotor functions of the patient. This study sought to highlight the effect of this RAGT on the dynamic equilibrium control during walking in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) by analyzing the different postural strategies of the fullbody (upper/lower body) before and after this RAGT in order to generate forward motion while maintaining balance...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185102/effects-of-intermittent-intravenous-saline-infusions-in-patients-with-medication-refractory-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#8
Mohammed Ruzieh, Aaron Baugh, Osama Dasa, Rachel L Parker, Joseph T Perrault, Anas Renno, Beverly L Karabin, Blair Grubb
BACKGROUND: The postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a heterogeneous group of disorders that results in symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. Excess blood pooling has been observed to cause low effective circulating volume in the central vasculature. Consequently, acute volume loading with IV saline has emerged as a potential strategy for clinical intervention. We evaluated the impact of acute volume loading on both the signs and symptoms of patients suffering from POTS. METHODS: Fifty-seven subjects screened from our population of POTS patients and assenting to participation were administered the two surveys by telephone...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167338/dissociation-between-dopaminergic-response-and-motor-behavior-following-intrastriatal-but-not-intravenous-transplant-of-bone-marrow-mononuclear-stem-cells-in-a-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Caroline Calice da Silva, Bárbara Nunes Azevedo, Denise Cantarelli Machado, Eduardo R Zimmer, Leo Anderson Meira Martins, Jaderson Costa da Costa
Parkinson's disease is characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons from the substantia nigra, a process that leads to a dopamine deficiency in the striatum. This deficiency is responsible for the development of motor symptoms, including resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity and postural instability. Based on the observation of substantial neuronal death, alternatives to Parkinson's disease treatment have been studied, including cell-based therapies. The present study aimed to assess the therapeutic potential of intravenous and intrastriatal transplant of bone marrow mononuclear cells in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease...
February 3, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167197/influence-of-treadmill-gait-training-with-additional-load-on-motor-function-postural-instability-and-history-of-falls-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Larissa Coutinho de Lucena Trigueiro, Gabriela Lopes Gama, Tatiana Souza Ribeiro, Louise Gabriella Lopes de Macedo Ferreira, Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão, Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza E Silva, Clécio de Oliveira Godeiro Júnior, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
BACKGROUND: Evaluate the effects of additional load (5% and 10% of body weight) with treadmill gait training on the motor aspects in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Randomized controlled single-blind trial with 30 individuals with PD. The volunteers were divided into three groups (treadmill with 0%, 5% or 10% load), where Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale was applied. Treadmill gait training was conducted over 4 consecutive weeks, with three weekly sessions of 30 min each...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167166/effect-of-exams-period-on-prevalence-of-myofascial-trigger-points-and-head-posture-in-undergraduate-students-repeated-measurements-study
#11
Leonid Kalichman, Natalie Bulanov, Aryeh Friedman
BACKGROUND: Myofascial Trigger points (MTrPs) may be caused or aggravated by many factors, such as mental stress associated with exams and impaired posture. AIM: To compare the prevalence and sensitivity of MTrPs, and forward head position (FHP) during exam period vs. mid-semester among physical therapy students. METHODS: 39 physical therapy students were palpated for MTrPs in neck and shoulder muscles and were photographed laterally for FHP measurement during the academic semester and during the academic examination period...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166701/aligning-yoga-with-its-evolving-role-in-health-care
#12
Avinash R Patwardhan
Evidence is accumulating that suggests that yoga has beneficial effects in mitigating the impact of certain diseases. As a result, efforts are being made to medicalize yoga and use it within integrative medicine as a therapy. However, there are substantial shortcomings in the practice, policy, and research of yoga that undermine its optimal use. Yoga as a modality functions within a context. Therefore, it is important to occasionally step back and examine the entirety of the context from a high vantage to assess whether the tactical and programmatic endeavors are aligned with the strategic intended purpose...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160523/orofacial-functions-in-experimental-models-of-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Diego Cabral Lacerda, Kelli Nogueira Ferraz-Pereira, André Terácio, Bárbara Juacy Rodrigues Costa de Santana, Omar Guzman Quevedo, Raul Manhães-de-Castro, Ana Elisa Toscano
BACKGROUND: Children who suffer from cerebral palsy (CP) often present comorbidities in the form of orofacial dysfunctions. Studies in animals have contributed to elaborate potential therapies aimed at minimizing the chronic disability of the syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the scientific literature regarding the possible effects that experimental models of CP can have on orofacial functions. METHODS: Two independent authors conducted a systematic review in the electronic databases Medline, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science and Lilacs, using Mesh and Decs terms in animal models...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160388/cardiovascular-autonomic-dysfunction-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobile-type
#14
Alan Hakim, Chris O'Callaghan, Inge De Wandele, Lauren Stiles, Alan Pocinki, Peter Rowe
Autonomic dysfunction contributes to health-related impairment of quality of life in the hypermobile type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS). Typical signs and symptoms include tachycardia, hypotension, gastrointestinal dysmotility, and disturbed bladder function and sweating regulation. Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction may present as Orthostatic Intolerance, Orthostatic Hypotension, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, or Neurally Mediated Hypotension. The incidence, prevalence, and natural history of these conditions remain unquantified, but observations from specialist clinics suggest they are frequently seen in hEDS...
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157107/the-cross-sectional-area-of-paraspinal-muscles-predicts-the-efficacy-of-deep-drain-stimulation-for-camptocormia
#15
Waka Sakai, Shunya Nakane, Eiichirou Urasaki, Keisuke Toyoda, Eisaku Sadakata, Akiko Nagaishi, Takayasu Fukudome, Yuzo Yamakawa, Hidenori Matsuo
BACKGROUND: Camptocormia, a disturbance of posture, is a well-described clinical feature of PD and other parkinsonian syndromes. Previous reports have shown that DBS of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) or globus pallidus internus is effective in treating camptocormia. However, the efficacy of DBS for camptocormia varies. OBJECTIVE: To determine a clinical marker for selecting an appropriate therapy for camptocormia, a disabling manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD) that has a variable response to systemic and local therapies...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155825/influence-of-hippotherapy-on-body-balance-in-the-sitting-position-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Ewelina Matusiak-Wieczorek, Monika Małachowska-Sobieska, Marek Synder
BACKGROUND: Cerebrally palsied children demonstrated limited independence while performing various activities of daily living, which is due to disorders of postural control. The best solution to improve postural control is the use of therapies that simultaneously focus on the sense of balance and motor skills. Such possibilities for patients with cerebral palsy are offered, for example, by hippotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of hippotherapy on body balance in the sitting position among children with cerebral palsy...
March 23, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149064/effect-of-a-12-week-yoga-therapy-program-on-mental-health-status-in-elderly-women-inmates-of-a-hospice
#17
Meena Ramanathan, Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Madanmohan Trakroo
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga on the mental health status of elderly women inmates residing in a hospice in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty elderly women were randomly divided into yoga and wait-listed control group. A yoga therapy program of 60 min was given twice a week for 12 weeks. This protocol was specially designed for senior citizens, keeping in mind their health status and physical limitations that included simple warm-up and breath-body movement coordination practices (jathis and kriyas), static stretching postures (asanas), breathing techniques (pranayamas), and relaxation...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146007/effect-of-isokinetic-training-on-muscle-strength-and-postural-balance-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome
#18
Mohamed A Eid, Sobhy M Aly, Mohamed A Huneif, Dina K Ismail
Children with Down's syndrome (DS) often have greater postural sway and delay in motor development. Muscle weakness and hypotonia, particularly of the lower extremities, are theorized to impair their overall physical health and ability to perform daily activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of isokinetic training on muscle strength and postural balance in children with DS. Thirty-one children with DS ranging in age from 9 to 12 years were assigned randomly into two groups...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137928/efficiency-of-physical-therapy-on-postural-imbalance-after-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
A Hugues, J Di Marco, P Janiaud, Y Xue, J Pires, H Khademi, M Cucherat, I Bonan, F Gueyffier, G Rode
INTRODUCTION: Stroke frequently results in balance disorders, leading to lower levels of activity and a diminution in autonomy. Current physical therapies (PT) aiming to reduce postural imbalance have shown a large variety of effects with low levels of evidence. The objectives are to determine the efficiency of PT in recovering from postural imbalance in patients after a stroke and to assess which PT is more effective. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search several databases from inception to October 2015...
January 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128063/tonic-and-rhythmic-spinal-activity-underlying-locomotion
#20
Yury P Ivanenko, Victor S Gurfinkel, Victor A Selionov, Irina A Solopova, Francesca Sylos-Labini, Pierre A Guertin, Francesco Lacquaniti
In recent years, many researches put significant efforts into understanding and assessing the functional state of the spinal locomotor circuits in humans. Various techniques have been developed to stimulate the spinal cord circuitries, which may include both diffuse and quite specific tuning effects. Overall, the findings indicate that tonic and rhythmic spinal activity control are not separate phenomena but are closely integrated to properly initiate and sustain stepping. The spinal cord does not simply transmit information to and from the brain...
January 25, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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