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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027544/long-term-effects-of-exercise-and-physical-therapy-in-people-with-parkinson-disease
#1
REVIEW
Margaret K Mak, Irene S Wong-Yu, Xia Shen, Chloe L Chung
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative movement disorder with symptoms reflecting various impairments and functional limitations, such as postural instability, gait disturbance, immobility and falls. In addition to pharmacological and surgical management of PD, exercise and physical therapy interventions are also being actively researched. This Review provides an overview of the effects of PD on physical activity - including muscle weakness, reduced aerobic capacity, gait impairment, balance disorders and falls...
October 13, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021984/mri-findings-of-early-stage-hyperacute-hemorrhage-causing-extramedullary-compression-of-the-cervical-spinal-cord-in-a-dog-with-suspected-steroid-responsive-meningitis-arteritis
#2
Adriano Wang-Leandro, Enrice-Ina Huenerfauth, Katharina Heissl, Andrea Tipold
A 9-month-old female Weimaraner was presented to the emergency service due to episodes of fever and neck pain. Physical examination revealed a stiff neck posture and elevated body temperature. Shortly after clinical examination was performed, the dog developed peracute onset of non-ambulatory tetraparesis compatible with a C1-C5 spinal cord (SC) lesion. Immediately thereafter (<1 h), MRI of the cervical SC was performed with a 3-T scanner. A left ventrolateral intradural-extramedullary SC compression caused by a round-shaped structure at the level of C3--C4 was evidenced...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018993/dopaminergic-and-non-dopaminergic-gait-components-assessed-by-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Valeria Dibilio, Alessandra Nicoletti, Giovanni Mostile, Simona Toscano, Antonina Luca, Loredana Raciti, Giorgia Sciacca, Rosario Vasta, Calogero Edoardo Cicero, Donatella Contrafatto, Mario Zappia
The timed up and go test (TUG) is a widely used clinical test for the evaluation of balance and mobility. An instrumented version of TUG (iTUG) has been proposed to provide quantitative information on TUG performances. Here, we hypothesized that L-dopa may differently influence gait parameters recorded by a portable inertial sensor. To test this idea, we evaluated iTUG test in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), both in L-dopa OFF and ON state. Twenty-eight PD patients performed the iTUG. Subjects were instructed to perform the task both in practical "OFF" and "ON" state...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990643/-commercial-video-games-in-the-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-pilot-study
#4
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Stroke generates dependence on the patients due to the various impairments associated. The use of low-cost technologies for neurological rehabilitation may be beneficial for the treatment of these patients. AIM: To determine whether combined treatment using a semi-immersive virtual reality protocol to an interdisciplinary rehabilitation approach, improve balance and postural control, functional independence, quality of life, motivation, self-esteem and adherence to intervention in stroke patients in subacute stage...
October 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988262/playing-the-clarinet-influence-of-body-posture-on-muscle-activity-and-sound-quality
#5
V Ae Baadjou, Mdf van Eijsden-Besseling, Jamcf Verbunt, R A de Bie, Rpj Geers, Rjem Smeets, Ham Seelen
Musculoskeletal complaints are highly prevalent in clarinetists and are related to high arm load while playing. It is hypothesized that postural exercise therapy may be used to adapt muscle activity patterns while playing and thus contribute to better sound quality. The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between body posture, muscle activity, and sound quality in clarinetists while playing the instrument in two different postures, their habitual sitting posture (control, CO) vs an experimental sitting posture (EXP) based on Mensendieck postural exercise therapy, method Samama...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984368/autogenic-drainage-for-airway-clearance-in-cystic-fibrosis
#6
REVIEW
Pamela McCormack, Paul Burnham, Kevin W Southern
BACKGROUND: Autogenic drainage is an airway clearance technique that was developed by Jean Chevaillier in 1967. The technique is characterised by breathing control using expiratory airflow to mobilise secretions from smaller to larger airways. Secretions are cleared independently by adjusting the depth and speed of respiration in a sequence of controlled breathing techniques during exhalation. The technique requires training, concentration and effort from the individual. It is important to systematically review the evidence demonstrating that autogenic drainage is an effective intervention for people with cystic fibrosis...
October 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982217/yoga-for-epilepsy
#7
REVIEW
Mariangela Panebianco, Kalpana Sridharan, Sridharan Ramaratnam
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in the Cochrane Library, Issue 5, 2015.Yoga may induce relaxation and stress reduction, and influence the electroencephalogram and the autonomic nervous system, thereby controlling seizures. Yoga would be an attractive therapeutic option for epilepsy if proved effective. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether people with epilepsy treated with yoga:(a) have a greater probability of becoming seizure free;(b) have a significant reduction in the frequency or duration of seizures, or both; and(c) have a better quality of life...
October 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961580/physical-dosimetric-reconstruction-of-a-radiological-accident-at-nanjing-china-for-clinical-treatment-using-thudose
#8
Wei Lu, Zhen Wu, Rui Qiu, Chunyan Li, Bo Yang, Shenshen Gao, Li Ren, Junli Li
A severe radiological accident involving an industrial radiography source containing Ir occurred in China. A worker was seriously exposed, which resulted in acute radiation syndrome. Initial whole-body dose was estimated at 1.51 Gy (95% Confidence Interval: 1.40-1.61 Gy) using biological dosimetry. This work performed a physical dosimetric reconstruction to provide more detailed exposure information for clinical treatment, using sitting and standing posture phantoms constructed by adjusting the Chinese reference adult male polygon surface phantoms to the worker body...
November 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960653/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-as-a-treatment-for-neuropathic-pain-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Conrad Harrison, Sarah Epton, Stana Bojanic, Alexander L Green, James J FitzGerald
OBJECTIVE: Dorsal root ganglion stimulation (DRGS) received its first regulatory approval (CE marking in Europe) in late 2011, and so its use is now almost six years old. Several thousand patients have already been treated, and a landmark trial in lower limb complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and causalgia has recently been published. METHODS: In this review we have summarized the literature to date on the use of DRGS in the treatment of neuropathic pain. RESULTS: The results so far are encouraging, with reports of successful use in treating a wide range of indications including postsurgical pain, CRPS, and phantom pain...
September 28, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960543/pedunculopontine-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-review
#10
REVIEW
Wesley Thevathasan, Bettina Debu, Tipu Aziz, Bastiaan R Bloem, Christian Blahak, Christopher Butson, Virginie Czernecki, Thomas Foltynie, Valerie Fraix, David Grabli, Carole Joint, Andres M Lozano, Michael S Okun, Jill Ostrem, Nicola Pavese, Christoph Schrader, Chun-Hwei Tai, Joachim K Krauss, Elena Moro
Pedunculopontine nucleus region deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a promising but experimental therapy for axial motor deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD), particularly gait freezing and falls. Here, we summarise the clinical application and outcomes reported during the past 10 years. The published dataset is limited, comprising fewer than 100 cases. Furthermore, there is great variability in clinical methodology between and within surgical centers. The most common indication has been severe medication refractory gait freezing (often associated with postural instability)...
September 28, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951719/human-derived-disturbance-estimation-and-compensation-dec-method-lends-itself-to-a-modular-sensorimotor-control-in-a-humanoid-robot
#11
Vittorio Lippi, Thomas Mergner
The high complexity of the human posture and movement control system represents challenges for diagnosis, therapy, and rehabilitation of neurological patients. We envisage that engineering-inspired, model-based approaches will help to deal with the high complexity of the human posture control system. Since the methods of system identification and parameter estimation are limited to systems with only a few DoF, our laboratory proposes a heuristic approach that step-by-step increases complexity when creating a hypothetical human-derived control systems in humanoid robots...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948067/cervical-sensorimotor-control-in-idiopathic-cervical-dystonia-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-study
#12
Joke De Pauw, Rudy Mercelis, Ann Hallemans, Sarah Michiels, Steven Truijen, Patrick Cras, Willem De Hertogh
OBJECTIVES: Patients with idiopathic adult-onset cervical dystonia (CD) experience an abnormal head posture and involuntary muscle contractions. Although the exact areas affected in the central nervous system remain uncertain, impaired functions in systems stabilizing the head and neck are apparent such as the somatosensory and sensorimotor integration systems. The aim of the study is to investigate cervical sensorimotor control dysfunction in patients with CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cervical sensorimotor control was assessed by a head repositioning task in 24 patients with CD and 70 asymptomatic controls...
September 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946545/impact-of-foot-pronation-on-postural-stability-an-observational-study
#13
Ghada Mohamed Koura, Doaa Ayoub Elimy, Hamada Ahmed Hamada, Hossam Eddien Fawaz, Mohamed Hussein Elgendy, Ibtissam M Saab
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of foot pronation on the dynamic balance including overall stability index (OAI), anteroposterior stability index (APSI) and mediolateral stability index (MLSI). METHODS: Forty participants from both sexes were selected from the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, with a mean age of 23.55 ± 1.74 years. Subjects were divided into two groups: group A (8 males and 12 females) with foot pronation, and group B (9 males and 11 females) with normal feet...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946020/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-power-posing-before-public-speaking-exposure-for-social-anxiety-disorder-no-evidence-for-augmentative-effects
#14
Michelle L Davis, Santiago Papini, David Rosenfield, Karin Roelofs, Sarah Kolb, Mark B Powers, Jasper A J Smits
This manuscript details a randomized controlled study designed to test the efficacy of power posing (i.e., briefly holding postures associated with dominance and power) as an augmentative strategy for exposure therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD). Seventy-three individuals diagnosed with SAD were assigned to one of three conditions: power posing, submissive posing, or rest (no posing) prior to participating in an exposure therapy session. Participants were assessed for between-group differences in pre- and post-manipulation salivary hormone levels, within-session subjective experiences of fear, and pre- and 1-week post-treatment SAD severity outcome measures...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939425/kinematic-analysis-of-a-drinking-task-in-chronic-hemiparetic-patients-using-features-analysis-and-statistical-parametric-mapping
#15
Gabriela Lopes Santos, Thiago Luiz Russo, Angela Nieuwenhuys, Davide Monari, Kaat Desloovere
OBJECTIVE: To compare sitting posture and movement strategies between chronic hemiparetic and healthy subjects while performing a drinking task using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) and feature analysis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Department of Physical Therapy of University. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen chronic hemiparetic and thirteen healthy individuals matched for gender and age. INTERVENTION: Not applicable...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938297/new-advancements-in-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-chronic-pain-management
#16
Jijun Xu, Aijun Liu, Jianguo Cheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To update the recent development of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) technology in the management of chronic pain. RECENT FINDINGS: Efficacy of SCS therapy has been significantly improved by the recent development of high frequency (HF-10 kHz) stimulation, burst stimulation, and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation. A few latest SCS modalities are in clinical trial. New approaches to guide lead placement and advances in surgical lead are introduced...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934966/effectiveness-of-an-interactive-telerehabilitation-system-with-home-based-exercise-training-in-patients-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-superiority-no-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sarah Eichler, Sophie Rabe, Annett Salzwedel, Steffen Müller, Josefine Stoll, Nina Tilgner, Michael John, Karl Wegscheider, Frank Mayer, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Total hip or knee replacement is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Physical rehabilitation following total hip or knee replacement is an essential part of the therapy to improve functional outcomes and quality of life. After discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, a subsequent postoperative exercise therapy is needed to maintain functional mobility. Telerehabilitation may be a potential innovative treatment approach. We aim to investigate the superiority of an interactive telerehabilitation intervention for patients after total hip or knee replacement, in comparison to usual care, regarding physical performance, functional mobility, quality of life and pain...
September 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932013/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-therapy-on-perception-thresholds-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-peripheral-neuropathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kyeongjin Lee
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration training on perception thresholds in type 2 diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-nine patients with diabetic neuropathy participated in the study. They were randomly divided into the experimental group (n=29) and the control group (n=30). The experimental group performed whole-body vibration training, whereas the control group performed only lower body training in the same posture without using whole-body vibrator for 6 weeks...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932012/the-effects-of-abdominal-interferential-current-therapy-on-waist-circumference-and-visceral-fat-distance-in-obese-women
#19
Young-Han Park, Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interferential current therapy on the waist circumference and visceral fat length in obese women. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, we selected 30 patients whose body mass index was over 25 kg/m(2). The subjects were randomly assigned to receive interferential current therapy three times a week for four weeks (n=15) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation three times a week for four weeks (n=15). Waist circumference was measured in cm using a tape measure with the participant in an upright posture, and the length of visceral fat was measured using a high-resolution, B-mode ultrasound machine...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928496/dorsal-scapular-nerve-neuropathy-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#20
Brad Muir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to elucidate this little known cause of upper back pain through a narrative review of the literature and to discuss the possible role of the dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) in the etiopathology of other similar diagnoses in this area including cervicogenic dorsalgia (CD), notalgia paresthetica (NP), SICK scapula and a posterolateral arm pain pattern. BACKGROUND: Dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) neuropathy has been a rarely thought of differential diagnosis for mid scapular, upper to mid back and costovertebral pain...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
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