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Posture therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#1
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905392/-clinical-and-stabilometric-restructuring-of-patients-stability-during-balance-therapy-from-the-first-days-of-ischemic-stroke
#2
E A Plishkina, B N Bein
AIM: To study the process of recovery of postural function during stabilometric training with biofeedback (BFB) in patients with ischemic carotid stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent 10-day stabilometric training from the onset of stroke. Clinical and stabilometric parameters were assessed at 4 points: at baseline, after 5 sessions, after 10 sessions and after 3-4 months in the early recovery stage after discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: There was no correlation between the positive regress of neurologic symptoms and trends of stabilometry indicators...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#3
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879959/balance-versus-resistance-training-on-postural-control-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Suhaila M Santos, Rubens A Da Silva, Marcelle B Terra, Isabela A Almeida, Lucio B De Melo, Henrique B Ferraz
BACKGROUND: Evidences have shown that physiotherapy programs may improve the balance of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD); although it is not clear which specific exercise program is better. AIM: Compare the effectiveness of balance versus resistance training on postural control measures in PD patients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: The study was conducted in a physiotherapy outpatient clinic of a university hospital...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876481/physical-effects-of-unilateral-mastectomy-on-spine-deformity
#5
Savaş Serel, Zeynep Yasavur Tuzlalı, Zehra Akkaya, Çağlar Uzun, Burak Kaya, Sancar Bayar
OBJECTIVE: Mastectomy is known to effect body posture after a change in the center of gravity of women due to a missing breast. Although previous studies on short-term postural changes in mastectomy patients using photogrammetry or Moiré topography suggested ipsilateral inclination of the trunk, our clinical observations during breast reconstruction surgeries indicated a contralateral shoulder elevation in women with unilateral mastectomy. Because the change in body posture can affect spinal alignment, we aimed to evaluate the long-term physical effects of unilateral mastectomy on spine deformity by radiographic examination...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867961/cardio-renal-protection-with-empagliflozin
#6
Richard J MacIsaac, George Jerums, Elif I Ekinci
Cardiovascular (CV) and kidney disease are common and significant complications in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). CV disease is the leading cause of death, morbidly and hospitalisations for people with T2DM. Furthermore, diabetic kidney disease is a major risk factor for CV disease and is the main reason why patients need renal replacement therapy. In this perspective, we highlight the results of the recent landmark EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial which has shown that empagliflozin, a member of the sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor class of glucose lowering medications, reduces death from CV causes, hospitalisation for heart failure and progression to end stage kidney disease in patients with T2DM and established CV disease...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861433/understanding-phenotypes-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-applications-in-anesthesia-surgery-and-perioperative-medicine
#7
Yamini Subramani, Mandeep Singh, Jean Wong, Clete A Kushida, Atul Malhotra, Frances Chung
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep-disordered breathing with potential long-term major neurocognitive and cardiovascular sequelae. The pathophysiology of OSA varies between individuals and is composed of different underlying mechanisms. Several components including the upper airway anatomy, effectiveness of the upper airway dilator muscles such as the genioglossus, arousal threshold of the individual, and inherent stability of the respiratory control system determine the pathogenesis of OSA...
November 17, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848124/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-and-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-associated-with-intracranial-hypotension
#9
Katharina Feil, Robert Forbrig, Franziska S Thaler, Julian Conrad, Suzette Heck, Franziska Dorn, Hans-Walter Pfister, Andreas Straube
BACKGROUND: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) are both rare disorders. The pathophysiology of both diseases is not yet fully understood. METHODS: We report the unique case of a 19-year-old comatose woman who was brought to the ER after a series of generalized tonic-clonic seizures 6 days post peridural anesthesia for cesarean section. Vital signs and initial laboratory testing including urine analysis and drug screening were unremarkable...
November 15, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847714/effects-of-plantar-flexor-muscle-static-stretching-alone-and-combined-with-massage-on-postural-balance
#10
Ladan Hemmati, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi, Samaneh Ebrahimi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the effects of stretching and combined therapy (stretching and massage) on postural balance in people aged 50 to 65 years. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects participated in this nonrandomized clinical trial study. Each participant randomly received plantar flexor muscle stretching (3 cycles of 45 seconds with a 30-second recovery period between cycles) alone and in combination with deep stroking massage (an interval of at least 30 minutes separated the two interventions)...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847494/enactive-approach-and-dual-tasks-for-the-treatment-of-severe-behavioral-and-cognitive-impairment-in-a-person-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-case-study
#11
David Martínez-Pernía, David Huepe, Daniela Huepe-Artigas, Rut Correia, Sergio García, María Beitia
One of the most important sequela in persons who suffer from acquired brain injury is a behavioral disorder. To date, the primary approaches for the rehabilitation of this sequela are Applied Behavior Analysis, Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, and Comprehensive-Holistic Rehabilitation Programs. Despite this theoretical plurality, none of these approaches focuses on rehabilitating behavioral disorders considering the relation between affordance and environmental adaptation. To introduce this therapeutic view to neurorehabilitation, we apply the theoretical tenets of the enactive paradigm to the rehabilitation of a woman with severe behavioral and cognitive impairment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846366/wii-based-interactive-video-games-as-a-supplement-to-conventional-therapy-for-rehabilitation-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jane Elizabeth Sajan, Judy Ann John, Pearlin Grace, Sneha Sara Sabu, George Tharion
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interactive video gaming (IVG) with Nintendo Wii (Wii) supplemented to conventional therapy in rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Children with CP; 10 children each in the control and intervention groups. INTERVENTION: IVG using Wii, given as a supplement to conventional therapy, for 45 min per day, 6 days a week for 3 weeks...
November 15, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842562/locomotor-training-through-a-novel-robotic-platform-for-gait-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-population-short-report
#13
C Bayón, S Lerma, O Ramírez, J I Serrano, M D Del Castillo, R Raya, J M Belda-Lois, I Martínez, E Rocon
BACKGROUND: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disorder of posture and movement due to a defect in the immature brain. The use of robotic devices as alternative treatment to improve the gait function in patients with CP has increased. Nevertheless, current gait trainers are focused on controlling complete joint trajectories, avoiding postural control and the adaptation of the therapy to a specific patient. This paper presents the applicability of a new robotic platform called CPWalker in children with spastic diplegia...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814859/the-biomechanical-model-in-manual-therapy-is-there-an-ongoing-crisis-or-just-the-need-to-revise-the-underlying-concept-and-application
#14
Christian Lunghi, Paolo Tozzi, Giampiero Fusco
Different approaches to body biomechanics are based on the classical concept of "ideal posture" which is regarded as the state where body mass is distributed in such a way that ligamentous tensions neutralize the force of gravity and muscles retain their normal tone, as result of the integration of somatic components related to posture and balance mechanisms. When compromised, optimal posture can be restored through the balanced and effective use of musculoskeletal components; however, various research findings and the opinion of experts in this field suggest a move away from the dogmas that have characterized the idea of health dependent on ideal posture, to promote instead dynamic approaches based on the interdependency of the body systems as well as on the full participation of the person in the healing process...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814856/assessment-of-the-posture-of-adolescents-in-everyday-clinical-practice-intra-rater-and-inter-rater-reliability-and-validity-of-a-posture-index
#15
Oliver Ludwig, Annette Hammes, Jens Kelm, Eduard Schmitt
OBJECTIVES: The assessment of the posture of children and adolescents using photometric methods has a long tradition in paediatrics, manual therapy and physiotherapy. It can be well integrated into the clinical routine and enables objective documentation. One-dimensional parameters such as angle sizes are mostly used in the diagnosis of postural defects in children and adolescents by means of photogrammetry. This study examined the posture index, a complex parameter, which evaluates the alignment of several trunk segments in the sagittal plane and is suitable for use as a screening parameter in everyday clinical practice...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814667/assessment-of-relationships-between-joint-motion-quality-and-postural-control-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-joint-instability
#16
Dawid Bączkowicz, Krzysztof Falkowski, Edyta Majorczyk
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross sectional. Background Lateral ankle sprains are among the most common injuries encountered during athletic participation. Following the initial injury there is an alarmingly high risk of re-injury and development of chronic ankle instability (CAI), which is dependent on a combination of factors, including sensorimotor deficits and changes in the biomechanical environment of the ankle joint. Objective To evaluate CAI-related disturbances in arthrokinematic motion quality and postural control and the relationships between them...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814308/dance-therapy-improves-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Edoardo Rosario de Natale, Kai Stephan Paulus, Elena Aiello, Battistina Sanna, Andrea Manca, Giovanni Sotgiu, Paolo Tranquilli Leali, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Dance Therapy (DT) and Traditional Rehabilitation (TR) on both motor and cognitive domains in Parkinson's Disease patients (PD) with postural instability. METHODS: Sixteen PD patients with recent history of falls were divided in two groups (Dance Therapy, DT and Traditional Rehabilitation, TR); nine patients received 1-hour DT classes twice per week, completing 20 lessons within 10 weeks; seven patients received a similar cycle of 20 group sessions of 60 minutes TR...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#18
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797659/-smoking-does-not-go-with-yoga-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-phenomenological-perceptions-during-yoga-and-smoking-cessation
#19
Rochelle K Rosen, Herpreet Thind, Ernestine Jennings, Kate M Guthrie, David M Williams, Beth C Bock
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation is often accompanied by withdrawal symptoms, cigarette craving, increased negative affect, and increased experience of stress. Because yoga has been shown to reduce stress and negative affect, it may be an effective aid to smoking cessation. The objective of this study was to examine women's phenomenological experiences of vinyasa yoga as part of a smoking cessation program. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted post-intervention with women (n = 20) who participated in a pilot randomized controlled trial of yoga as a complementary therapy for smoking cessation...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796189/cervical-traction-for-managing-neck-pain-a-survey-of-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#20
Timothy J Madson, John H Hollman
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Background Systematic reviews provide little support for traction in managing neck pain. While traction usage among physical therapists (PTs) in other countries has been described, usage in the United States has not been examined. Objective To examine how PTs use traction for patients with neck pain, when traction is used, delivery modes and parameters, supplemental interven¬tions, and whether professional demographics influence usage. Methods We surveyed a random sample of 4000 Orthopaedic Section members of the American Physical Therapy Association...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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