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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551037/a-child-with-acute-transverse-myelitis-requiring-permanent-pacemaker-implantation
#1
Masataka Fukuoka, Ichiro Kuki, Asako Horino, Kiyohiro Kim, Yuka Hattori, Hitomi Tsuji, Megumi Nukui, Shin Okazaki, Hisashi Kawawaki, Yoko Yoshida, Jyunichi Ishikawa, Hiroshi Rinka
We diagnosed a 3-year-old girl with acute transverse myelitis (ATM). She presented with weakness of the limbs and developed urination difficulty and respiratory disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a symmetric area of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images involving the lower end of the medulla oblongata to the level of the fourth thoracic vertebra. Anti-aquaporin-4 antibody was negative. She was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy, immunoglobulin therapy, and plasmapheresis; however, her clinical symptoms did not change...
May 24, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550871/gastroesophageal-reflux
#2
Bethany J Slater, Steven S Rothenberg
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very common condition and affects approximately 7-20% of the pediatric population. Symptoms from pathological GERD include regurgitation, irritability when feeding, respiratory problems, and substernal pain. Treatment typically starts with dietary modifications and postural changes. Antireflux medications may then be added. Indications for operative management in the pediatric population include failure of medical therapy with poor weight gain or failure to thrive, continued respiratory symptoms, and complications such as esophagitis...
April 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539066/water-versus-land-based-treatment-for-postural-control-in-postmenopausal-osteoporotic-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
M Chaves Aveiro, M Arias Avila, V Santos Pereira-Baldon, A Santa Barbara Ceccatto Oliveira, K Gramani-Say, J Oishi, P Driusso
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of water-based and land-based physical therapy on postural control of older women with osteoporosis. METHODS: Thirty-six postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were allocated into two groups: land-based or water-based. Volunteers received 12 weeks of a supervised land-based or water-based physical therapy treatment. The outcome measure was postural control of the body during quiet standing on upright stance (eyes opened and closed), tandem and one-limb stance on a force plate...
May 25, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533612/should-high-power-posing-be-integrated-in-physical-therapy
#4
Weiqing Ge, Teale K Bennett, Jeremy C Oller
[Purpose] Postural assessment and correction is a common approach in patient management to decrease symptoms and improve function for patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high-power posing on muscle strength and pain threshold. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-one subjects, 16 females and 15 males, mean age 28.9 (SD 10.8) years old, were recruited through a convenience sampling on the university campus. The research design was a randomized controlled trial. In the experimental group, the subjects were instructed to stand in a high-power posture...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532871/stabilometric-analysis-of-the-effect-of-postural-insoles-on-static-balance-in-patients-with-hemiparesis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Luiz Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Manuela Galli, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Verônica Cimolin, Claudia Santos Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the main causes of disability among adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of postural insoles on static balance in individuals with stroke. METHODS: Twenty-four strokes survivors with hemiparesis were recruited from the rehabilitation clinics of the university and randomly allocated to two groups: experimental and control group. The subjects were analyzed for stabilometry, immediately following insole placement and after three months of insole usage, with eyes open and eyes closed...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526222/hemocytometric-measures-predict-the-efficacy-of-oral-rehydration-for-children-with-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#6
Wenxin Lu, Hui Yan, Shu Wu, Wenrui Xu, Hongfang Jin, Junbao Du
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether hemocytometric measures could be qualified predictors for the effect of oral rehydration salts (ORS) in children with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS). STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-five children with POTS and 29 healthy children were enrolled. General information, hemodynamic status, and baseline hemocytometric variables were collected. Children with POTS received ORS therapy and were followed up for 3 months. The independent risk factors of developing POTS were explored...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515706/research-priorities-in-limb-and-task-specific-dystonias
#7
REVIEW
Sarah Pirio Richardson, Eckart Altenmüller, Katharine Alter, Ron L Alterman, Robert Chen, Steven Frucht, Shinichi Furuya, Joseph Jankovic, H A Jinnah, Teresa J Kimberley, Codrin Lungu, Joel S Perlmutter, Cecília N Prudente, Mark Hallett
Dystonia, which causes intermittent or sustained abnormal postures and movements, can present in a focal or a generalized manner. In the limbs, focal dystonia can occur in either the upper or lower limbs and may be task-specific causing abnormal motor performance for only a specific task, such as in writer's cramp, runner's dystonia, or musician's dystonia. Focal limb dystonia can be non-task-specific and may, in some circumstances, be associated with parkinsonian disorders. The true prevalence of focal limb dystonia is not known and is likely currently underestimated, leaving a knowledge gap and an opportunity for future research...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514527/efficacy-and-safety-of-injectable-robenacoxib-for-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-soft-tissue-surgery-in-dogs
#8
G Friton, C Thompson, D Karadzovska, S King, J N King
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used routinely to control pain and inflammation after surgery in dogs. Robenacoxib is a cyclooxygenase-2 selective NSAID. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: Assess the clinical efficacy and safety of an injectable formulation of robenacoxib in dogs undergoing surgery. ANIMALS: Three hundred and seventeen client-owned dogs (N = 159 robenacoxib or N = 158 placebo). METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter, randomized, masked, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study, dogs received a SC injection of either robenacoxib, at a target dose of 2...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511252/diagnosis-and-management-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Arjun Tarakad, Joseph Jankovic
Despite numerous efforts to identify specific and sensitive biomarkers, the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still based on clinical criteria that include the presence of a combination of cardinal motor features (tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability), other motor features (including freezing of gait and abnormal postures), and numerous nonmotor features. In addition, the presence of atypical features may suggest an alternative diagnosis. Levodopa therapy remains the gold standard in the management of motor features of PD...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501623/efficient-direct-conversion-of-human-fibroblasts-into-myogenic-lineage-induced-by-co-transduction-with-mycl-and-myod1
#10
Junko Wakao, Tsunao Kishida, Shigehisa Fumino, Koseki Kimura, Kenta Yamamoto, Shin-Ichiro Kotani, Katsura Mizushima, Yuji Naito, Toshikazu Yoshikawa, Tatsuro Tajiri, Osam Mazda
The skeletal muscle consists of contractile myofibers and plays essential roles for maintenance of body posture, movement, and metabolic regulation. During the development and regeneration of the skeletal muscle tissue, the myoblasts fuse into multinucleated myotubes that subsequently form myofibers. Transplantation of myoblasts may make possible a novel regenerative therapy against defects or dysfunction of the skeletal muscle. It is reported that rodent fibroblasts are converted into myoblast-like cells and fuse to form syncytium after forced expression of exogenous myogenic differentiation 1 (MYOD1) that is a key transcription factor for myoblast differentiation...
May 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480089/atraumatic-acromioclavicular-dislocation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Nasrat Sadeghi, Pieter Stijn Haen, Ron Onstenk
Acromioclavicular dislocation (AC dislocation) is a common injury of the shoulder. In contrast to a traumatic cause, nontraumatic dislocation is very rare. We report on a 17-year-old female that presented with voluntary recurrent dislocation of the right AC joint followed by recurrent pain without instability of the ipsilateral shoulder. Clinical examination showed crepitation as well as palpitation pain and dislocation of the AC joint. There were no symptoms of Marfan or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome as other joint examinations were also negative for hypermobility...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466419/group-based-exercise-at-workplace-short-term-effects-of-neck-and-shoulder-resistance-training-in-video-display-unit-workers-with-work-related-chronic-neck-pain-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#12
Giuseppa M Caputo, Mauro Di Bari, José Naranjo Orellana
Effectiveness of exercise therapy in video display unit (VDU) workers with work-related chronic neck pain (W-RCNP) is unclear. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of group-based neck-shoulder resistance exercises on symptoms and muscular function in VDU workers with W-RCNP. Thirty-five employees with CNP were randomly assigned to neck-shoulder resistance exercise (NSRE) group or to conventional stretching and postural exercise (SPE) group. Participants trained 45 min, twice a week for 7 weeks...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451451/abnormal-haemodynamic-postural-response-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#13
Anne-Sophie G T Bronzwaer, Lysander W J Bogert, Berend E Westerhof, Jan J Piek, Mat J A P Daemen, Johannes J van Lieshout
AIM: The objective was to evaluate in treated heart failure (HF) patients whether multidrug therapy interferes with the cardiovascular autonomic response to postural stress. METHODS AND RESULTS: Blood pressure (BP; Finapres), heart rate (HR), stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance (TPR) responses to standing up were measured in 33 HF patients and 10 healthy age-matched controls. Ten hypertensive (HT) patients treated with a similar combination of drugs but without heart failure served as reference subjects to account for use of medication...
May 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446482/secondary-parkinsonism-in-a-patient-of-psychogenic-polydipsia
#14
Rimesh Pal, Liza Das, Pinaki Dutta, Anil Bhansali
A 44-year-old man presented with history of slurring of speech, slowness in activities, abnormal posturing of the upper limbs and drooling of saliva from the mouth. He had a 5-yearlong history of compulsive water drinking, consuming 12-15 L of water every day. He was earlier evaluated for the same and found to have low serum sodium (126 mEq/L). Presently, he was admitted at a primary care facility with fever and altered sensorium. He was found to have serum sodium of 94 mEq/L. His sensorium improved with hypertonic saline infusion; however, after a lucid interval of 48 hours, he developed florid extrapyramidal symptoms...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441826/-a-childhood-onset-rapid-onset-dystonia-parkinsonism-family-with-atp1a3-gene-mutation-and-literatures-review
#15
C L Zhang, F Yin, F He, N Gai, Z Q Shi, J Peng
Objective: To explore clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of a family with childhood-onset rapid-onset dystonia parkinsonism (RDP) caused by ATP1A3 gene mutation and review literatures. Method: The clinical data of a RDP child, his brother and mother had been analyzed retrospectively. This family was admitted to Xiangya Hospital in January 2016. DNA samples were analyzed by the next-generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Related literature from PubMed, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), CNKI and Wanfang databases to date (up to October 2016) with"Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism"RDP"DYT12" as key words was reviewed...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435631/the-impact-of-kinesio-taping-technique-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
REVIEW
Alireza Shamsoddini, Zabihallah Rasti, Minoo Kalantari, Mohammad Taghi Hollisaz, Vahid Sobhani, Hamid Dalvand, Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh-Bali
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement disorder in children that is associated with life-long disability and multiple impairments. The clinical manifestations of CP vary among children. CP is accompanied by a wide range of problems and has a broad spectrum. Children with CP demonstrate poor fine and dross motor function due to psychomotor disturbances. Early rehabilitation programs are essential for children with CP and should be appropriate for the age and functional condition of the patients. Kinesio taping (KT) technique is a relatively new technique applied in rehabilitation programs of CP...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429690/-our-experience-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-vasovagal-syncope-and-inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia-in-children
#17
Sezen Ugan Atik, Reyhan Dedeoğlu, Aida Koka, Funda Öztunç
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to share our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of patients who presented at our clinic with syncope, pre-syncope, dizziness, and palpitations. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who were treated at pediatric cardiology clinic for complaints of syncope, dizziness, and palpitations between 2014 and 2016 were enrolled in the study. Detailed history of the patients, physical examination findings, laboratory and electrocardiogram results were recorded...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419875/falls-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-prospective-comparison-of-community-and-home-based-falls
#18
Robyn M Lamont, Meg E Morris, Hylton B Menz, Jennifer L McGinley, Sandra G Brauer
BACKGROUND: Falls are common and debilitating in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and restrict participation in daily activities. Understanding circumstances of falls in the community and at home may assist clinicians to target therapy more effectively. OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of community and home fallers and the circumstances that contribute to falls in people living with PD. METHODS: People with mild-moderately severe PD (n=196) used a daily falls diary and telephone hotline to report prospectively the occurrence, location and circumstances of falls over 14 months...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414396/postural-tachycardia-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
Geoffrey L Heyer
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) represents a common form of orthostatic intolerance that disproportionately affects young women from puberty through adulthood. Patients with POTS have day-to-day orthostatic symptoms with the hallmark feature of an excessive, sustained, and symptomatic rise in heart rate during orthostatic testing. Although considerable overlap exists, three subtypes of POTS have been described: neuropathic, hyperadrenergic, and hypovolemic forms. The wide spectrum of symptoms and comorbidities can make treatment particularly challenging...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411322/i-can-hear-my-shunt-audible-noises-associated-with-csf-shunts-in-hydrocephalic-patients
#20
Stefanie Kaestner, Amina Fraij, Wolfgang Deinsberger, Christian Roth
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are life-long implants, and patients have reported anecdotally on noises associated with their shunts. There is, however, a marked lack of information regarding acoustic phenomena related to CSF shunts. METHODS: We identified all patients who had been treated or followed in our neurosurgical department within a 15-year period from January 2000 up to the end of 2014. After approval of the local ethics committee all patients who were cognitively intact were explored by a questionnaire and by personal interview about acoustic phenomena related to their shunts...
June 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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