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Postural rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781783/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-non-surgical-management-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-fracture-dislocations-a-historical-analysis-in-the-era-of-modern-spinal-surgery
#1
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Gregory D Schroeder, Alpesh A Patel, Alexander R Vaccaro
CONTEXT: It is well established that traumatic spinal dislocations (AO Type C injuries) should be surgically treated. However, no recent comparative study of surgical versus non-surgical management of type C injuries was found attesting the superiority of surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of information about the natural history of non-surgical management of type C injuries, we evaluated the outcome of historical conservative treatment of type C injuries...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775954/a-new-methodology-based-on-functional-principal-component-analysis-to-study-postural-stability-post-stroke
#2
M Luz Sánchez-Sánchez, Juan-Manuel Belda-Lois, Silvia Mena-Del Horno, Enrique Viosca-Herrero, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Beatriz Gisbert-Morant
BACKGROUND: A major goal in stroke rehabilitation is the establishment of more effective physical therapy techniques to recover postural stability. Functional Principal Component Analysis provides greater insight into recovery trends. However, when missing values exist, obtaining functional data presents some difficulties. The purpose of this study was to reveal an alternative technique for obtaining the Functional Principal Components without requiring the conversion to functional data beforehand and to investigate this methodology to determine the effect of specific physical therapy techniques in balance recovery trends in elderly subjects with hemiplegia post-stroke...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774765/-staying-safe-a-narrative-review-of-falls-prevention-in-people-with-parkinson-s-pdsafe
#3
Sophia Hulbert, Lynn Rochester, Alice Nieuwboer, Vicki Goodwin, Carolyn Fitton, Kim Chivers-Seymour, Ann Ashburn
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease demonstrates a spectrum of motor and non-motor symptoms. Falling is common and disabling. Current medical management shows minimal impact to reduce falls or fall-related risk factors, such as deficits in gait, strength, and postural instability. Despite evidence supporting rehabilitation in reducing fall risk factors, the most appropriate intervention to reduce overall fall rate remains inconclusive. This article aims to 1) synthesise current evidence and conceptual models of falls rehabilitation in Parkinson's in a narrative review; and based on this evidence, 2) introduce the treatment protocol used in the falls prevention and multi-centre clinical trial "PDSAFE"...
May 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768472/progame-a-process-framework-for-serious-game-development-for-motor-rehabilitation-therapy
#4
Esperança Amengual Alcover, Antoni Jaume-I-Capó, Biel Moyà-Alcover
Serious game development for rehabilitation therapy is becoming increasingly popular because of the motivational advantages that these types of applications provide. Consequently, the need for a common process framework for this category of software development has become increasingly evident. The goal is to guarantee that products are developed and validated by following a coherent and systematic method that leads to high-quality serious games. This paper introduces a new process framework for the development of serious games for motor rehabilitation therapy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765701/subjects-with-cardiovascular-disease-or-high-disease-risk-are-more-sedentary-and-less-active-than-their-healthy-peers
#6
Ville Vasankari, Pauliina Husu, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Jaana Helena Suni, Kari Tokola, Katja Borodulin, Heini Wennman, Jari Halonen, Juha Hartikainen, Harri Sievänen, Tommi Vasankari
Objectives: We investigated differences in objectively measured sedentary behaviour (SB) and physical activity (PA) levels in subjects with cardiovascular disease (CVD) diagnosis or high CVD risk compared with healthy controls. Methods: The present study includes a subsample (n=1398, Health 2011 Study) of participants, who attended health examinations and wore a triaxial accelerometer (≥4 days). Patients with CVD were identified and CVD risk was calculated for others using Framingham Risk Score (FRS)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765190/evaluating-equilibrium-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#7
REVIEW
Forough Ferdowsi, Zahra Sadat Rezaeian
[Purpose] The purpose of this review was to summarize available methods and equipment which are administered to evaluate the balance in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. [Subjects and Methods] A literature search was performed and reviewed using the narrative approach. This study reviewed English articles concerning balance assessment methods in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction subjects from 1985 to 2015 using the following key words: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction, Postural Control, Equilibrium, Balance and Stability...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758954/the-use-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-evaluate-cortical-excitability-of-lower-limb-musculature-challenges-and-opportunities
#8
Trisha M Kesar, James W Stinear, Steven L Wolf
Neuroplasticity is a fundamental yet relatively unexplored process that can impact rehabilitation of lower extremity (LE) movements. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has gained widespread application as a non-invasive brain stimulation technique for evaluating neuroplasticity of the corticospinal pathway. However, a majority of TMS studies have been performed on hand muscles, with a paucity of TMS investigations focused on LE muscles. This perspective review paper proposes that there are unique methodological challenges associated with using TMS to evaluate corticospinal excitability of lower limb muscles...
May 5, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757061/exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-in-athletes-contributory-factors-and-treatment-implications
#9
Liv-Jorunn Kolnes, Trine Stensrud
Otherwise healthy adolescent athletes presenting with respiratory symptoms consistent with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms are often incorrectly considered to result from exercise-induced asthma, and may be wrongly treated as such. Given the potential implications for health and performance if EILO is left untreated, a more comprehensive understanding of contributory mechanisms is essential in order to create appropriate treatment procedures...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755513/motor-imagery-during-action-observation-of-locomotor-tasks-improves-rehabilitation-outcome-in-older-adults-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Uros Marusic, Sidney Grosprêtre, Armin Paravlic, Simon Kovač, Rado Pišot, Wolfgang Taube
This study aimed at determining whether the combination of action observation and motor imagery (AO + MI) of locomotor tasks could positively affect rehabilitation outcome after hip replacement surgery. Of initially 405 screened participants, 21 were randomly split into intervention group ( N = 10; mean age = 64 y; AO + MI of locomotor tasks: 30 min/day in the hospital, then 3×/week in their homes for two months) and control group ( N = 11, mean age = 63 y, active controls). The functional outcomes (Timed Up and Go, TUG; Four Step Square Test, FSST; and single- and dual-task gait and postural control) were measured before (PRE) and 2 months after surgery (POST)...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745627/neurophysiological-and-clinical-effects-of-blinfolded-balance-training-bbt-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-preliminary-study
#11
Sonia Bonnì, Viviana Ponzo, Marco Tramontano, Alex Martino Cinnera, Carlo Caltagirone, Giacomo Koch, Antonella Peppe
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence support the hypothesis that rehabilitative strategies based on sensorimotor stimulation in the neurorehabilitation of Parkinson's Disease (PD) may be useful to improve gait in PD patients. AIM: We supposed that sensorimotor stimulation produce modulation of Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) arising from the supplementary motor area (SMA). We aimed to investigate the clinical and neurophysiological effects of a blindfolded balance training (BBT)...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#12
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740569/kinetic-analysis-of-downward-step-posture-according-to-the-foothold-heights-and-visual-information-blockage-in-cargo-truck
#13
Seung-Hyun Hyun, Che-Cheong Ryew
The study was undertaken to compare and analyze kinetic variables during downward foot-on according to the foothold heights under interrupted-visual information on 25-t cargo truck. Skilled adult male drivers (n=10) engaged in cargo truck driving over 1 year participated in the experiment. The results obtained from cinematographic and ground reaction force data during downward foot-on as follows; First, leg stiffness, peak vertical force (PVF) and loading rate showed significant difference as an increase of foothold heights, that is, interrupted-visual information showed greater impulse force than as was not...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736230/towards-optimal-platform-based-robot-design-for-ankle-rehabilitation-the-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects
#14
REVIEW
Qing Miao, Mingming Zhang, Congzhe Wang, Hongsheng Li
This review aims to compare existing robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques in terms of robot design. Included studies mainly consist of selected papers in two published reviews involving a variety of robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques. A free search was also made in Google Scholar and Scopus by using keywords "ankle∗ ," and "robot∗ ," and ("rehabilitat∗ " or "treat∗ "). The search is limited to English-language articles published between January 1980 and September 2016...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736101/comparative-study-of-two-systems-for-the-assessment-of-static-balance-in-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Azadeh Leland, Kamran Tavakol, Joel Scholten, Simin Bakhshi, Kaveh Kelarestaghi
Background: Traditionally, the diagnosis of postural instability relies on the clinical examination of static balance. In recent years, computerized technologies have provided a new approach for the accurate detection of positional changes during functional balance. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the similarities and differences between two electronic systems, NeuroCom and BioSensics , and their application in the clinical assessment of impaired balance in American veterans...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733699/ankle-positions-potentially-facilitating-greater-maximal-contraction-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Priya Kannan, Stanley Winser, Ravindra Goonetilleke, Gladys Cheing
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of ankle positions on pelvic floor muscles in women. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched from inception-July 2017. Study quality was rated using the grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation system and the "threats to validity tool". RESULTS: Four studies were eligible for inclusion. Meta-analysis revealed significantly greater resting activity of pelvic floor muscles in neutral ankle position (-1...
May 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718002/vertebral-artery-dissection-masquerading-as-concussion-in-an-adolescent
#17
Gogi Kumar, Bryan Ludwig, Vipul V Patel
OBJECTIVE: Educate providers about the clinical presentation and consequences of delaying diagnosis of traumatic vertebral artery dissection with thromboembolic ischemic strokes in the pediatric population. Vertebral artery dissection is often difficult to diagnose and can be a potentially devastating cause of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Review of the chart, peer review/discussion, and imaging interpretation. RESULTS: A 16-year-old boy was admitted with confusion after a head and neck trauma was sustained while wrestling...
May 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706993/instrumental-or-physical-exercise-rehabilitation-of-balance-improves-both-balance-and-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Marica Giardini, Antonio Nardone, Marco Godi, Simone Guglielmetti, Ilaria Arcolin, Fabrizio Pisano, Marco Schieppati
We hypothesised that rehabilitation specifically addressing balance in Parkinson's disease patients might improve not only balance but locomotion as well. Two balance-training protocols (standing on a moving platform and traditional balance exercises) were assessed by assigning patients to two groups (Platform, n = 15, and Exercises, n = 17). The platform moved periodically in the anteroposterior, laterolateral, and oblique direction, with and without vision in different trials. Balance exercises were based on the Otago Exercise Program...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706715/effects-of-visual-cue-and-cognitive-motor-tasks-on-standing-postural-control-following-a-chronic-stroke
#19
Sungkwang Ju, Won-Gyu Yoo, Jae-Seop Oh, Mihyun Kim
[Purpose] The objective of the study was to examine the effects of visual cue and cognitive motor tasks on quiet standing posture center of pressure (COP) and the weight loads to the paretic and non-paretic legs in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty chronic stroke patients were included in the study. COP total distance, sway velocity, and the weight loads to the paretic and non-paretic legs of the participants were measured while they performed a visual cue task, cognitive motor task, and dual task...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704114/ankle-strength-is-not-strongly-associated-with-postural-stability-in-patients-awaiting-surgery-for-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#20
Kyung Rae Ko, Hyobeom Lee, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Sun Sung
PURPOSE: (1) To describe ankle strength and postural stability in patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and (2) to analyse the correlation between deficits in ankle strength and postural stability. METHODS: Results of preoperative isokinetic and balance tests in 203 patients whose contralateral ankle was normal were retrospectively reviewed. Isokinetic peak torque values of eversion and inversion at 2 angular velocities (30°/s and 120°/s) were measured in the injured and normal ankles...
April 27, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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