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Postural rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919792/the-role-of-posturography-in-assessing-the-process-of-rehabilitation-in-poststroke-patients-a-case-study
#1
Witold Rongies, Bartosz Słomka, Angelika Duczek, Włodzimierz Dolecki
Stroke is one of the most common causes of death and disability both in Poland and around the world. Each year, 250 out of 100,000 people in Europe are diagnosed with a disruption of cerebral perfusion in the form of stroke. In Poland, approximately 65,000-70,000 people are affected each year, with the incidence steadily increasing. Stroke survivors suffer from impaired cognitive and motor functions. Moreover, they exhibit severe gait pattern abnormalities, which together with balance disorders, constitute the main factors increasing the risk of falls in this patient group...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914309/unique-approach-to-sensorimotor-training-with-a-new-device-combining-air-cushion-with-stochastic-translations-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Christian Mittermaier, Maximilian Schindler, Benjamin Loader, Thomas Waldhoer, Clemens Ambrozy, Richard Crevenna, Karin Pieber
Sensorimotor training with a wide variety of available devices represents an important component in rehabilitation and prevention of different sports injuries and chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a sensorimotor training with a newly developed device, which consists of an instable platform moving on an air cushion, providing dynamic balance training by tilting and unanticipated stochastic translations on postural control. Seventy-two healthy young subjects were included in this prospective, randomized, controlled, and observer-blinded study...
November 25, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#3
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#4
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900196/muscle-function-is-associated-with-future-patient-reported-outcomes-in-young-adults-with-acl-injury
#5
Vala Flosadottir, Ewa M Roos, Eva Ageberg
BACKGROUND/AIM: Consequences of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury include worse patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and a decrease in activity level. Muscle function can be improved by targeted exercise. Our aims were to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations among lower extremity muscle function and PROs after ACL injury. METHODS: Fifty-four participants (15 women, mean 30 years) with ACL injury or reconstruction, from the Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Nonsurgical versus Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial (ISRCTN84752559), were assessed with hop performance, muscle power and postural orientation 3 years (SD 0...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853055/health-status-assessment-of-workers-during-construction-phase-of-highway-rehabilitation-projects-around-lahore-pakistan
#6
Amina Abrar, Kausar Jamal Cheema, Samia Saif, Asim Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: The study focused on assessment of the health status of workers during construction phase of highway rehabilitation projects at six selected sites of N5 around Lahore, including Kala Shah Kaku, Muridke, Kamuki, Bhaipheru, Pattoki, and Okara. METHODS: The study was based on multi-methods approach involving hazard identification through survey and checklist as well as a questionnaire for health status assessment and measurements of health parameters including peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and audiometric screening of 300 subjects...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848255/prognostic-predictors-for-ambulation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
Orawan Keeratisiroj, Nuanlaor Thawinchai, Wantana Siritaratiwat, Montana Buntragulpoontawee, Chayanin Pratoomsoot
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the prognostic predictors for ambulation in children with cerebral palsy using meta-analysis of observational studies. METHOD: Electronic searches were conducted in PubMed, SCOPUS, CINAHL, ProQuest, Ovid, Wiley InterScience, and ScienceDirect databases from their start dates to December 2015. RESULTS: Of the 1123 identified articles, 12 met the inclusion criteria for qualitative synthesis, eight of which were deemed appropriate for meta-analysis...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847494/enactive-approach-and-dual-tasks-for-the-treatment-of-severe-behavioral-and-cognitive-impairment-in-a-person-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-case-study
#8
David Martínez-Pernía, David Huepe, Daniela Huepe-Artigas, Rut Correia, Sergio García, María Beitia
One of the most important sequela in persons who suffer from acquired brain injury is a behavioral disorder. To date, the primary approaches for the rehabilitation of this sequela are Applied Behavior Analysis, Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, and Comprehensive-Holistic Rehabilitation Programs. Despite this theoretical plurality, none of these approaches focuses on rehabilitating behavioral disorders considering the relation between affordance and environmental adaptation. To introduce this therapeutic view to neurorehabilitation, we apply the theoretical tenets of the enactive paradigm to the rehabilitation of a woman with severe behavioral and cognitive impairment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846366/wii-based-interactive-video-games-as-a-supplement-to-conventional-therapy-for-rehabilitation-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jane Elizabeth Sajan, Judy Ann John, Pearlin Grace, Sneha Sara Sabu, George Tharion
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interactive video gaming (IVG) with Nintendo Wii (Wii) supplemented to conventional therapy in rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Children with CP; 10 children each in the control and intervention groups. INTERVENTION: IVG using Wii, given as a supplement to conventional therapy, for 45 min per day, 6 days a week for 3 weeks...
November 15, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842562/locomotor-training-through-a-novel-robotic-platform-for-gait-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-population-short-report
#10
C Bayón, S Lerma, O Ramírez, J I Serrano, M D Del Castillo, R Raya, J M Belda-Lois, I Martínez, E Rocon
BACKGROUND: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disorder of posture and movement due to a defect in the immature brain. The use of robotic devices as alternative treatment to improve the gait function in patients with CP has increased. Nevertheless, current gait trainers are focused on controlling complete joint trajectories, avoiding postural control and the adaptation of the therapy to a specific patient. This paper presents the applicability of a new robotic platform called CPWalker in children with spastic diplegia...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842523/does-walking-after-lumbar-spinal-surgery-predict-recovery-of-function-at-six-months-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Sarah Gilmore, Jodie A McClelland, Megan Davidson
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists are commonly involved in the management of patients immediately following lumbar spinal surgery. There is however, very little research to guide physiotherapy intervention in the acute post-operative period, and the advice provided to patients regarding post-operative walking and physical activity has been shown to be highly variable. The primary aim of this research is to establish whether the amount of walking patients perform in the week following lumbar spinal surgery predicts improvement in function at 6 months...
November 14, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830949/motor-control-exercises-of-the-lumbar-pelvic-region-improve-respiratory-function-in-obese-men-a-pilot-study
#12
Emanuela Bezzoli, Dianne Andreotti, Lucia Pianta, Martina Mascheroni, Lorena Piccinno, Luca Puricelli, Veronica Cimolin, Alberto Salvadori, Franco Codecasa, Paolo Capodaglio
PURPOSE: Obese subjects have decreased pulmonary function. The hypothesis of our study was that poor coordination of the lumbar-pelvic musculature secondary to obesity may hinder the synergic activation of the respiratory muscles. The aim of the paper was to evaluate whether specific motor control exercises of the lumbar-pelvic musculature were able to improve respiratory function. METHOD: Twenty obese male patients underwent a rehabilitation program including adapted physical activity and respiratory physiotherapy...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828712/effects-of-t-ai-chi-on-serotonin-nicotine-dependency-depression-and-anger-in-hospitalized-alcohol-dependent-patients
#13
Chung-Uk Oh, Nam-Cho Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of t'ai chi on blood serotonin levels, nicotine dependence, depression, and anger in hospitalized alcohol-dependent patients. METHOD: This study followed an experimental and nonequivalent control group in a non-synchronized design. It was performed in a hospital located in Young Ju city, Korea, from April to August 2013. Thirty-eight patients who were hospitalized with alcohol dependence were included...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821973/abnormal-bias-in-subjective-vertical-perception-in-a-post-stroke-astasia-patient
#14
Keisuke Tani, Akiyoshi Matsugi, Shintaro Uehara, Daisuke Kimura
[Purpose] Post-stroke astasia is an inability to stand without external support despite having sufficient muscle strength. However, the dysfunction underlying astasia is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that astasia is the result of an abnormal bias in vertical perception, especially subjective postural vertical (SPV), mediated by somatosensory inputs. [Subjects and Methods] A patient with a right posterolateral thalamus hemorrhage had a tendency to fall toward the contralesional side during standing after 8 weeks of treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814308/dance-therapy-improves-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Edoardo Rosario de Natale, Kai Stephan Paulus, Elena Aiello, Battistina Sanna, Andrea Manca, Giovanni Sotgiu, Paolo Tranquilli Leali, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Dance Therapy (DT) and Traditional Rehabilitation (TR) on both motor and cognitive domains in Parkinson's Disease patients (PD) with postural instability. METHODS: Sixteen PD patients with recent history of falls were divided in two groups (Dance Therapy, DT and Traditional Rehabilitation, TR); nine patients received 1-hour DT classes twice per week, completing 20 lessons within 10 weeks; seven patients received a similar cycle of 20 group sessions of 60 minutes TR...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#16
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812348/an-attempt-of-early-detection-of-poor-outcome-after-whiplash
#17
Sebastien Laporte, Danping Wang, Jennyfer Lecompte, Sophie Blancho, Baptiste Sandoz, Antoine Feydy, Pavel Lindberg, Julien Adrian, Elodie Chiarovano, Catherine de Waele, Pierre-Paul Vidal
The main concern with whiplash is that a large proportion of whiplash patients experience disabling symptoms or whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) for months if not years following the accident. Therefore, identifying early prognostic factors of WAD development is important as WAD have widespread clinical and economic consequences. In order to tackle that question, our study was specifically aimed at combining several methods of investigation in the same WAD patients at the acute stage and 6 months later...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791207/virtual-reality-reflection-therapy-improves-balance-and-gait-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Taesung In, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song
BACKGROUND Virtual reality reflection therapy (VRRT) is a technically enhanced version of the mirror therapy concept. The aim of this study was to investigate whether VRRT could improve the postural balance and gait ability of patients with chronic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-five patients with chronic stroke were randomly allocated into the VRRT group (n=13) and the control group (n=12). The participants in both groups performed a conventional rehabilitation program for 30 minutes. The VRRT group also performed a VRRT program for 30 minutes, five times a week for 4 weeks...
October 28, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766239/healthy-older-adults-balance-pattern-under-dual-task-conditions-exploring-the-strategy-and-trend
#19
Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Saeed Talebian, Akbar Biglarian, Afsaneh Zeinalzadeh, Salman Nazary-Moghadam, Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad
Background: In line with health promotion plans, early intervention and fall prevention in geriatric population, it is important to study healthy individuals balance mechanisms. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of adding and removing visual input and dual task on elderly balance. Methods: Twenty healthy elderly recruited from four different senior citizen health club centers and from the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (USWR) participated in this analytic cross-sectional study...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741268/static-posturography-and-falls-according-to-pyramidal-sensory-and-cerebellar-functional-systems-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Alon Kalron, Uri Givon, Lior Frid, Mark Dolev, Anat Achiron
Balance impairment is common in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and frequently impacts quality of life by decreasing mobility and increasing the risk of falling. However, there are only scarce data examining the contribution of specific neurological functional systems on balance measures in MS. Therefore, the primary aim of our study was to examine the differences in posturography parameters and fall incidence according to the pyramidal, cerebellar and sensory systems functional systems in PwMS. The study included 342 PwMS, 211 women and mean disease duration of 8...
2016: PloS One
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