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Postural rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737670/motor-control-training-for-the-shoulder-with-smart-garments
#1
Qi Wang, Liesbet De Baets, Annick Timmermans, Wei Chen, Luca Giacolini, Thomas Matheve, Panos Markopoulos
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting...
July 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734171/muscle-synergies-reveal-impaired-trunk-muscle-coordination-strategies-in-individuals-with-thoracic-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Matija Milosevic, Hikaru Yokoyama, Murielle Grangeon, Kei Masani, Milos R Popovic, Kimitaka Nakazawa, Dany H Gagnon
Spinal cord injury (SCI) can result in paralysis of trunk muscles, which can affect sitting balance. The objective of this study was to analyze trunk muscle coordination of individuals with thoracic SCI and compare it to able-body individuals. A total of 27 individuals were recruited and subdivided into: (a) high thoracic SCI; (b) low thoracic SCI; and (c) able-body groups. Participants were seated and asked to lean their trunk in eight directions while trunk muscle activity was recorded. Muscle coordination was assessed using the non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) method to extract muscle modules, which are the synergistic trunk muscle activations, and their directional activation patterns...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723718/three-dimensional-head-mounted-gaming-task-procedure-maximizes-effects-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-unilateral-vestibular-hypofunction-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#3
Alessandro Micarelli, Andrea Viziano, Ivan Augimeri, Domenico Micarelli, Marco Alessandrini
Considering the emerging advantages related to virtual reality implementation in clinical rehabilitation, the aim of the present study was to discover possible (i) improvements achievable in unilateral vestibular hypofunction patients using a self-assessed head-mounted device (HMD)-based gaming procedure when combined with a classical vestibular rehabilitation protocol (HMD group) as compared with a group undergoing only vestibular rehabilitation and (ii) HMD procedure-related side effects. Therefore, 24 vestibular rehabilitation and 23-matched HMD unilateral vestibular hypofunction individuals simultaneously underwent a 4-week rehabilitation protocol...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718273/3d-quantitative-evaluation-of-spine-proprioceptive-perception-motor-control-through-instinctive-self-correction-manoeuvre-in-healthy-young-subjects-posture-an-observational-study
#4
Moreno D'Amico, Edyta Kinel, Piero Roncoletta
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatment in spine deformities and spine related disorders is mainly based on proper individual proprioceptive and motor control training. For these reasons, conservative treatment involves the stimulation of individual capability of perceiving/reducing deformities, blocks and/or improper spine posture by voluntary control. The literature describes that habitually adopted relaxed postures often exacerbate low back pain. Typically, youths can be referred to therapeutic programs aimed at improving the quality of body posture along with fostering the awareness of the importance of correct posture...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716503/effectiveness-of-otolith-repositioning-maneuvers-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-exercises-in-elderly-people-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-systematic-review
#5
Karyna Figueiredo Ribeiro, Bruna Steffeni Oliveira, Raysa V Freitas, Lidiane M Ferreira, Nandini Deshpande, Ricardo O Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is highly prevalent in elderly people. This condition is related to vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, poor balance, gait disturbance, and an increase in risk of falls, leading to postural changes and quality of life decreasing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes obtained by clinical trials on the effectiveness of Otolith Repositioning Maneuver and Vestibular Rehabilitation exercises in the treatment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo in elderly...
June 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713084/evalution-of-the-effectiveness-of-multimodal-approach-to-the-management-of-cervical-vertigo
#6
Olexandr A Jaroshevskyi, Oleksandr S Payenok, Anna V Logvinenko
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is one of the most common complaints among patients consulting neurologists and general practitioners - family medicine. A special form of dizziness is cervical vertigo. However, the presence of chronic vertigo and imbalance in this group of patients makes it possible to include the treatment of vestibular rehabilitation in the program. AIM: Evalution of the effectiveness of multimodal approach to the management of cervical vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 patients aged from 18 to 45 with vertigo together with myofascial pain syndrome of neck and shoulder area were examined...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713080/clinical-and-psychopathological-characteristics-of-the-autoagressive-behavior-in-patients-with-the-first-psychotic-episode-with-considering-circadian-rhythms
#7
Dmytro I Boiko, Lilia V Zhyvotovska, Grigorij T Sonnik, Andrij M Skrypnіkov
INTRODUCTION: The high rate of autoagressive action in patients with psychotic symptoms manifested during the beginning of active psychopharmatherapy, and they are often the reason for psychiatric help. The continuous growth of autoagressive behavior indicates the number of unsolved problems in clinical suicidology. AIM: The aim of this research was to explore the clinical and psychopathological characteristics of the autoagressive behavior in patients with the first psychotic episode with considering circadian rhythms...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712784/effects-of-interventions-with-therapeutic-suits-clothing-on-impairments-and-functional-limitations-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Kênnea M Almeida, Sérgio T Fonseca, Priscilla R P Figueiredo, Amanda A Aquino, Marisa C Mancini
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic suits or clothing whether associated with intensive protocols or not, became popular in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy. Studies have reported positive effects of these suits on children's posture, balance, motor function and gait. A summary of current literature may help guide therapeutic actions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the available evidence on the effects of interventions based on the use of therapeutic suits in the treatment of impairments and functional limitations of children with cerebral palsy...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704193/rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-joint-arthroplasty-late-post-surgery-period-hospital-rehabilitation
#9
Maya S Krastanova, Elena M Ilieva, Danelina E Vacheva
BACKGROUND: Hip joint replacement (endoprosthesis, alloplasty) has become one of the most frequent surgery interventions of the 20th century. AIM: To conduct rehabilitation therapy in the late post-surgery period of hospital rehabilitation (45 days after surgery), to track patients' progress and measure the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two patients with hip joint endoprosthesis were included in the study. All underwent surgery and rehabilitation at the Department of Clinical Rehabilitation of the Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic at Doctor G...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702442/kinematics-and-neuromuscular-recruitment-during-vertical-treadmill-exercise
#10
Alastair R Jordan, Andrew Barnes, David Claxton, Alison Purvis, Mary Fysh
The vertical treadmill (VertiRun) is an unresearched, partial weight-bearing exercise mode for lower limb rehabilitation. The user undertakes a "running-like" action whilst body weight is supported by a bench and the limb is drawn downwards against overhanging resistance cables on a vertically hung nonmotorised treadmill. This study sought to describe the kinematics and neuromuscular recruitment during VertiRun exercise in the supine, 40°, and 70° postures. Twenty-one healthy male participants (age, 25±7 years; stature, 1...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699850/the-effect-of-balance-training-intervention-on-postural-stability-in-children-with-asthma
#11
Zuzana Kovacikova, Katerina Neumannova, Jana Rydlova, Lucia Bizovská, Miroslav Janura
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary rehabilitation is mainly focused on exercise training and breathing retraining in children with asthma. Conversely, balance training is not usually recommended for the treatment, although postural deficits were found in these patients. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of balance training intervention on postural stability in children with asthma. METHODS: Nineteen children with mild intermittent asthma (age 11.1 ± 2.1 years, height 147...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698541/ataxia-telangiectasia-in-siblings-oral-motor-and-swallowing-characterization
#12
Silmara Rondon-Melo, Isabel Junqueira de Almeida, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Daniela Regina Molini-Avejonas
BACKGROUND The body of literature on oral motor and swallowing disorders in patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is limited. CASE REPORT The purpose of this study was to characterize oral motor and swallowing disorders in two siblings with AT, based on oral motor and swallowing assessments. Specific procedures were applied for oral motor and swallowing assessments and both patients underwent videofluoroscopy (VFS). Case 1 presented vocal instability, change in postural control during feeding; food retention in oral cavity; slower oral transit time; and multiple swallowing (signs for solid and liquid)...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687056/the-efficacy-of-treadmill-training-on-balance-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-a-systematic-review
#13
Zachary Tally, Laura Boetefuer, Courtney Kauk, Gabriela Perez, Lorraine Schrand, Jeffrey Hoder
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise interventions are useful in facilitating the functional recovery of those with chronic stroke and, routinely, are gait-specific. While treadmill training has proven useful in gait performance recovery post-stroke, its efficacy on balance dysfunction has not been  systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effect of treadmill training (TT) interventions on balance dysfunction in individuals with chronic stroke...
July 7, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679843/restricted-vision-increases-sensorimotor-cortex-involvement-in-human-walking
#14
Anderson S Oliveira, Bryan R Schlink, William David Hairston, Peter Konig, Daniel Perry Ferris
This study aimed to determine if there are electrocortical evidence of augmented participation of sensory brain areas on walking modulation during walking with eyes closed. Healthy subjects (n=10) walked on a treadmill at 1 m/s while alternating 5 minutes walking with the eyes open or closed while we recorded ground reaction forces (GRF) and high-density scalp electroencephalography (EEG). We applied independent component analysis to parse EEG signals into maximally independent component (IC) processes and then computed equivalent current dipoles for each IC...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676466/brazilian-samba-protocol-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-non-randomized-study
#15
Ana Cristina Tillmann, Alexandro Andrade, Alessandra Swarowsky, Adriana Coutinho De Azevedo Guimarães
BACKGROUND: In the 10 most populated countries in the world, Parkinson's disease (PD) affects more than 5 million individuals. Despite optimal treatment options already developed for the disease, concomitant involvement of other areas of health care plays an important role in complementing the treatment. From this perspective, dancing can be viewed as a non-drug alternative that can reduce falls by improving some motor skills, such as mobility, balance, gait, and posture, and can also improve the overall quality of life...
July 4, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673710/improved-proprioceptive-function-by-application-of-subsensory-electrical-noise-effects-of-aging-and-task-demand
#16
Diana R Toledo, José A Barela, André F Kohn
The application of subsensory noise stimulation over the lower limbs has been shown to improve proprioception and postural control under certain conditions. Whereas the effect specificity seems to depend on several factors, studies are still needed to determine the appropriate method for training and rehabilitation purposes. In the current study, we investigated whether the application of subsensory electrical noise over the legs improves proprioceptive function in young and older adults. We aimed to provide evidence that stronger and age-related differential effects occur in more demanding tasks...
June 30, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665247/the-impact-of-vestibular-status-prior-to-cochlear-implantation-on-postural-control-a-multiple-case-study
#17
Maxime Maheu, Sara Pagé, Andréanne Sharp, Audrey Delcenserie, François Champoux
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to investigate the impact of unilateral cochlear implantation on postural control in relation to the vestibular status before CI surgery. METHODS: We recruited 17 participants (four CI candidates and 13 hearing controls) and performed complete vestibular evaluation (cVEMP, oVEMP, vHIT) and postural evaluation using a force platform, prior and following unilateral cochlear implant surgery. RESULTS: Our study suggests that an increase in postural sway following cochlear implant was present only for the participants that received the implant in the ear with the better vestibular function...
June 30, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660004/management-of-recent-elbow-dislocations-functional-treatment-versus-immobilization-a-prospective-study-about-60-cases
#18
Ndeye Fatou Coulibaly, Niane Mouhamadou Moustapha, Hamadi Hadji Djoumoi, Sarr Lamine, Gueye Alioune Badara, Sane André Daniel
OBJECTIVE: To determine our therapeutic posture trough a comparison of functional treatment results versus immobilization in two different periods. INTRODUCTION: For years, the treatment of recent elbow dislocations consisted of reduction and immobilization during 21 days. Given the frequency of stiffness other methods have been tried out. METHOD: A prospective study was carried out from January 2010 to December 2014. Sixty patients averaging 28...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651530/perspectives-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-a-stroke-rehabilitation-guidelines-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sarah E P Munce, Ian D Graham, Nancy M Salbach, Susan B Jaglal, Carol L Richards, Janice J Eng, Johanne Desrosiers, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Sharon Wood-Dauphinee, Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Nancy E Mayo, Robert W Teasell, Merrick Zwarenstein, Jennifer Mokry, Sandra Black, Mark T Bayley
BACKGROUND: The Stroke Canada Optimization of Rehabilitation by Evidence Implementation Trial (SCORE-IT) was a cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated two knowledge translation (KT) interventions for the promotion of the uptake of best practice recommendations for interventions targeting upper and lower extremity function, postural control, and mobility. Twenty rehabilitation centers across Canada were randomly assigned to either the facilitated or passive KT intervention. The objective of the current study was to understand the factors influencing the implementation of the recommended treatments and KT interventions from the perspective of nurses, occupational therapists and physical therapists, and clinical managers following completion of the trial...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641764/are-static-and-functional-balance-abilities-related-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Massimiliano Pau, Micaela Porta, Giancarlo Coghe, Federica Corona, Giuseppina Pilloni, Lorena Lorefice, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: In people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS), balance assessment is essential in estimating the risk of falls, monitoring disease progression and verifying the effectiveness of rehabilitative treatment. Clinical tools and instrumental techniques are available for testing static and dynamic balance, but the relationship between such abilities is still not clear. Having information about this link would be important in properly planning the type and number of tests to administer...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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