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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921091/the-relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-level-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-iranian-women
#1
Samira Rajaei, Azadeh Akbari Sene, Sara Norouzi, Yasrin Berangi, Sahereh Arabian, Parvaneh Lak, Ali Dabbagh
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is among the most unfavorable problems in women in reproductive age; however its pathophysiology is still not fully confirmed. Vitamin D as an immunomodulator could prevent inflammatory state before and during menstruation. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether there is any relationship between serum vitamin D levels and PMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 82 women participate in this case-control study which was conducted in Shahid Akbar-abadi hospital from November 2013 to March 2015...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919752/bioavailable-25-oh-d-but-not-total-25-oh-d-is-an-independent-determinant-for-bone-mineral-density-in-chinese-postmenopausal-women
#2
Chenguang Li, Peizhan Chen, Xiaohua Duan, Jing Wang, Bing Shu, Xiaoguang Li, Qian Ba, Jingquan Li, Yongjun Wang, Hui Wang
Total 25(OH)D levels were determined to assess bone health in elderly populations; however, the bioavailability of 25(OH)D is regulated by the albumin and vitamin D binding protein (DBP) levels and DBP variations. Whether bioavailable 25(OH)D level is a superior biomarker for vitamin D than total 25(OH)D level regarding the BMD and the bone metabolism were not yet fully understood. With a community based cross-sectional study of 967 postmenopausal women, we found that the variant rs7041, but not rs4588, of DBP was significantly associated with the blood DBP level, which was positively correlated with the total 25(OH)D level but negatively associated with bioavailable 25(OH)D levels...
November 28, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919096/should-we-screen-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#3
Howard Libman, Alan O Malabanan, Gordon J Strewler, Eileen E Reynolds
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently issued guidelines on screening for vitamin D deficiency. The guidelines were based on randomized trials of vitamin D deficiency screening and treatment, as well as on case-control studies nested within the Women's Health Initiative. The USPSTF concluded that current evidence is insufficient to assess the benefits and harms of screening for vitamin D deficiency in asymptomatic adults. Compared with placebo or no treatment, vitamin D was associated with decreased mortality; however, benefits were no longer seen after trials of institutionalized persons were excluded...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916927/vitamin-b12-status-among-pregnant-women-in-the-uk-and-its-association-with-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes
#4
Nithya Sukumar, Hema Venkataraman, Sean Wilson, Ilona Goljan, Selvin Selvamoni, Vinod Patel, Ponnusamy Saravanan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate vitamin B12 and folate status in pregnancy and their relationship with maternal obesity, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and offspring birthweight. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 344 women (143 GDM, 201 no-GDM) attending a district general hospital and that had B12 and folate levels measured in the early 3rd trimester was performed. Maternal history including early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and neonatal data (birthweight, sex, and gestational age) was recorded for all subjects...
December 1, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916904/impact-of-pre-pregnancy-bmi-on-b-vitamin-and-inflammatory-status-in-early-pregnancy-an-observational-cohort-study
#5
Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen, Arve Ulvik, Roy M Nilsen, Øivind Midttun, Christine Roth, Per Magnus, Camilla Stoltenberg, Stein Emil Vollset, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Per Magne Ueland
Maternal nutrition and inflammation have been suggested as mediators in the development of various adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal obesity. We have investigated the relation between pre-pregnancy BMI, B vitamin status, and inflammatory markers in a group of healthy pregnant women. Cobalamin, folate, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, and riboflavin; and the metabolic markers homocysteine, methylmalonic acid, and 3-hydroxykynurenine/xanthurenic acid ratio (HK/XA); and markers of cellular inflammation, neopterin and kynurenine/tryptophan ratio (KTR) were determined in pregnancy week 18 and related to pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), in 2797 women from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916891/comparison-of-site-specific-bone-mineral-densities-between-endurance-runners-and-sprinters-in-adolescent-women
#6
Aoi Ikedo, Aya Ishibashi, Saori Matsumiya, Aya Kaizaki, Kumiko Ebi, Satoshi Fujita
We aimed to compare site-specific bone mineral densities (BMDs) between adolescent endurance runners and sprinters and examine the relationship of fat-free mass (FFM) and nutrient intake on BMD. In this cross-sectional study, 37 adolescent female endurance runners and sprinters (16.1 ± 0.8 years) were recruited. BMD and FFM were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Nutrient intake and menstrual state were evaluated by questionnaires. After adjusting for covariates, spine and total bone less head (TBLH) BMDs were significantly higher in sprinters than endurance runners (TBLH, 1...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916865/associations-of-vitamin-d-with-inter-and-intra-muscular-adipose-tissue-and-insulin-resistance-in-women-with-and-without-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
David Scott, Anju Joham, Helena Teede, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Cheryce Harrison, Samantha Cassar, Samantha Hutchison, Peter R Ebeling, Nigel Stepto, Barbora de Courten
Low vitamin D and insulin resistance are common in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and associated with higher inter- and intra-muscular adipose tissue (IMAT). We investigated associations between vitamin D, IMAT and insulin resistance in a cross-sectional study of 40 women with PCOS and 30 women without PCOS, and pre- and post-exercise in a 12-week intervention in 16 overweight participants (10 with PCOS and six without PCOS). A non-classical body mass index (BMI) threshold was used to differentiate lean and overweight women (BMI ≥ 27 kg/m²)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915435/bone-remodeling-and-regulating-biomarkers-in-women-at-the-time-of-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#8
Song Yao, Yali Zhang, Li Tang, Janise M Roh, Cecile A Laurent, Chi-Chen Hong, Theresa Hahn, Joan C Lo, Christine B Ambrosone, Lawrence H Kushi, Marilyn L Kwan
PURPOSE: The majority of breast cancer patients receive endocrine therapy, including aromatase inhibitors known to cause increased bone resorption. Bone-related biomarkers at the time of breast cancer diagnosis may predict future risk of osteoporosis and fracture after endocrine therapy. METHODS: In a large population of 2,401 female breast cancer patients who later underwent endocrine therapy, we measured two bone remodeling biomarkers, TRAP5b and BAP, and two bone regulating biomarkers, RANKL and OPG, in serum samples collected at the time of breast cancer diagnosis...
December 3, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914905/relationship-between-the-finnish-diabetes-risk-score-findrisc-vitamin-d-levels-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-subjects
#9
Marcos M Lima-Martínez, Carlos Arrau, Saimar Jerez, Mariela Paoli, Juan P González-Rivas, Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Gianluca Iacobellis
AIM: To assess the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] blood concentrations in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) risk according to the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) modified for Latin America (LA-FINDRISC). METHODS: This study was conducted in Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela. Eighty two women and 20 men (53 obese and 49 nonobese), with an average age of 42.6±12.30 years were enrolled. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fasting glucose, basal insulin, plasma lipids, Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and 25(OH)D levels were measured...
November 30, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914610/lack-of-association-between-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-apai-rs7975232-and-bsmi-rs1544410-and-osteoporosis-among-the-han-chinese-population-a-meta-analysis
#10
Meng Yu, Guo-Qiang Chen, Fang Yu
In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and osteoporosis in the Han Chinese population. Articles regarding associations between vitamin D receptor polymorphisms (ApaI rs7975232 and BsmI rs1544410) and osteoporosis were retrieved from databases in November 2014. Eligible studies were tested by the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were analyzed to evaluate the strength of the associations. Pooled effect estimates were derived using a fixed-effect model and a random-effect model according to the heterogeneity of the test results...
December 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914137/is-vitamin-d-an-independent-risk-factor-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-healthy-population
#11
Danbee Park, Hyuktae Kwon, Seung Won Oh, Hee Kyung Joh, Seung Sik Hwang, Jin Ho Park, Jae Moon Yun, Hyejin Lee, Goh Eun Chung, Sangjoon Ze, Jae Hong Park, Yeseul Bae, Arang Lee
The association between vitamin D levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been recognized. However, few studies showed independent associations between vitamin D deficiency and NAFLD after a sex-related adjustment for metabolic factors. We aimed to study whether vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk factor of NAFLD even after controlling for metabolic syndrome and visceral fat in both sexes. In this cross-sectional study, 7,514 Korean adults (5,278 men, 2,236 women) participated in a health check-up program...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910716/persistent-amenorrhea-and-decreased-dheas-to-cortisol-ratio-after-recovery-from-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Alessandra Andrisani, Chiara Sabbadin, Silvia Minardi, Angela Favaro, Gabriella Donà, Luciana Bordin, Guido Ambrosini, Decio Armanini
Persistent amenorrhea is a frequent condition affecting anorexic patients after stable weight recovery. It has been proposed that it could be due to alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis linked with persistent hormonal impairments, such as relative hypercortisolemia and hypoleptinemia, and psychological symptoms related to anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of our study was to evaluate the metabolic and hormonal pattern involved in the persistence of amenorrhea after recovery from AN. Eight weight-recovered anorexic patients with amenorrhea were investigated and matched with 10 healthy eumenorrhoic women, comparable for age and BMI...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908227/improved-infant-hemoglobin-hb-and-blood-glucose-concentrations-the-beneficial-effect-of-maternal-vitamin-a-supplementation-of-malaria-infected-mothers-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria
#13
Michael O Elom, Joseph E Eyo, Fabian C Okafor, Amos Nworie, Victor U Usanga, Gerald N Attamah, Chibueze C Igwe
One hundred and fifty-two malaria-infected pregnant women whose pregnancies had advanced to the 6th month were randomised into two study groups - supplemented and placebo groups, after obtaining their approved consents. Ten thousand international units of vitamin A soft gels were administered to the supplemented group three times per week. Vitamin A soft gels devoid of their active ingredients were administered thrice weekly to the placebo group. Two hundred thousand international units of vitamin A was administered to the supplemented groups within 8 weeks postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906437/vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-as-tool-for-early-screening-of-severe-bone-loss-in-women-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
G Di Spigna, A Del Puente, B Covelli, E Abete, E Varriale, S Salzano, L Postiglione
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that leads to local and systemic arthritis and bone loss. Exploring genetic markers of candidate genes in osteoporosis and inflammatory cytokine genes could be a useful tool for the early identification of bone loss and fracture risk in RA patients. The target of this study is the evaluation and correlation between of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) and possible effects on bone loss in RA...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905982/the-use-of-a-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-methodology-to-assess-and-manage-primary-health-interventions-in-conflict-affected-west-darfur-sudan
#15
Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M Weiss, Alexander Vu
BACKGROUND: Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sampling may be a suitable method of assessing programs in these situations. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of information collected during Medair's routine program management functions. Medair's service area in West Darfur, Sudan was divided into seven supervisory areas...
October 6, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905104/biomarkers-of-folate-and-vitamin-b12-and-breast-cancer-risk-report-from-the-epic-cohort
#16
M Matejcic, J de Batlle, C Ricci, C Biessy, F Perrier, I Huybrechts, E Weiderpass, Boutron-Mc Ruault, C Cadeau, M His, D G Cox, H Boeing, R T Fortner, R Kaaks, P Lagiou, A Trichopoulou, V Benetou, R Tumino, S Panico, S Sieri, D Palli, F Ricceri, H B Bueno-de-Mesquita, G Skeie, P Amiano, M J Sánchez, M D Chirlaque, A Barricarte, J R Quirós, G Buckland, C H van Gils, P H Peeters, T J Key, E Riboli, B Gylling, A Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, M J Gunter, I Romieu, V Chajès
Epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent findings for the association between B vitamins and breast cancer (BC) risk. We investigated the relationship between biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 and the risk of BC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 were determined in 2,491 BC cases individually matched to 2,521 controls among women who provided baseline blood samples. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios by quartiles of either plasma B vitamin...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904630/a-survey-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-vitamin-e-suppositories-on-vaginal-atrophy-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
Aazam Parnan Emamverdikhan, Nahid Golmakani, Sayyed ASajadi Tabassi, Malihe Hassanzadeh, Nooriyeh Sharifi, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri
BACKGROUND: Menopause is associated with various complications such as depression, sleep disorders, and genitourinary atrophy. Vaginal atrophy occurs due to the loss of steroid hormones, and its major symptoms include vaginal dryness, itching, dyspareunia, and bleeding after intercourse. According to the literature, vitamin E plays a key role in estrogen stability. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of vitamin E suppositories and conjugated estrogen vaginal cream on vaginal atrophy...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904621/the-association-between-vitamin-d-and-health-outcomes-in-women-a-review-on-the-related-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Nahid Ramezani Jolfaie, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Shokouh Onvani, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has a wide range of physiological functions in skeletal and nonskeletal tissues which may play a role in many diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recent evidence regarding the effects of Vitamin D on several health outcomes in women including breast cancer, ovarian and endometrial cancers, hypertension, and osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed and Google Scholar databases through March 2016. We included the most current systematic reviews and meta-analyses assessing the associations of Vitamin D intake and/or serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels with the risk of incidence of breast cancer, ovarian and endometrial cancers, hypertension, and osteoporosis...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904548/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-gestational-diabetes-in-high-risk-women-results-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Shole Shahgheibi, Fariba Farhadifar, Bahar Pouya
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnancy, leading to increase in the frequency of preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, neonatal bacterial vaginosis, and gestational diabetes. The current study was designed and implemented to investigate the effect of vitamin D during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy in reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in women who are at high risk [history of GDM, birth macrosomia, family history, and high body mass index (BMI)]...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904508/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-on-severity-of-coronary-artery-atherosclerosis-and-lipid-profile-of-cardiac-patients
#20
Ewelina A Dziedzic, Sebastian Przychodzeń, Marek Dąbrowski
INTRODUCTION: A deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) (the standard biomarker for vitamin D status) can have multiple impacts on the cardiovascular system. The aim of the study was to assess of the influence of 25(OH)D on severity of coronary atherosclerosis and lipid profile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved prospectively 637 patients subject to coronary catheterization. The stage of coronary atherosclerosis was assessed using the Coronary Artery Surgery Study score (CASSS)...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
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