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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212289/the-effects-of-myo-inositol-and-b-and-d-vitamin-supplementation-in-the-db-mouse-model-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Jasmine F Plows, Florence Budin, Rebecka A M Andersson, Valerie J Mills, Katherine Mace, Sandra T Davidge, Mark H Vickers, Philip N Baker, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Joanna L Stanley
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern, affecting an increasing number of pregnant women worldwide. By predisposing both the affected mothers and children to future disease, GDM contributes to an intergenerational cycle of obesity and diabetes. In order to stop this cycle, safe and effective treatments for GDM are required. This study sought to determine the treatment effects of dietary supplementation with myo-inositol (MI) and vitamins B2, B6, B12, and D in a mouse model of GDM (pregnant db/+ dams)...
February 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212284/micronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-athletes-prevalence-of-low-and-high-intakes-in-users-and-non-users-of-nutritional-supplements
#2
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
This study investigated whether athletes meet micronutrient recommendations and whether the adequacy of their intake is related to the use of dietary supplements, sport nutrition products or a combination. Micronutrient intakes of 553 Dutch (sub-) elite athletes were assessed using web-based 24-h dietary recalls with accompanying nutritional supplement questionnaires. In the majority of both users and non-users of dietary supplements, vitamin D intake was below the estimated average requirement (AR) if supplements were not included in the analysis...
February 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210630/scientific-evidence-of-rice-by-products-for-cancer-prevention-chemopreventive-properties-of-waste-products-from-rice-milling-on-carcinogenesis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#3
REVIEW
Bee Ling Tan, Mohd Esa Norhaizan
Cancer is a significant global health concern affecting men and women worldwide. Although current chemopreventive drugs could inhibit the growth of cancer cells, they exert many adverse side effects. Dietary factor plays a crucial role in the management of cancers and has drawn the attention of researchers to be used as an option to combat this disease. Both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that rice and its by-products display encouraging results in the prevention of this disease. The mechanism of anticancer effect is suggested partly through potentiation of bioactive compounds like vitamin E, phytic acid, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), γ-oryzanol, and phenolics...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209604/birth-size-risk-factors-across-life-and-cognition-in-late-life-protocol-of-prospective-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mynah-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-cohort
#4
Murali Krishna, G Mohan Kumar, S R Veena, G V Krishnaveni, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Patsy Coakley, Clive Osmond, John R M Copeland, Giriraj Chandak, Dattatray Bhat, Mathew Varghese, Martin Prince, Caroline Fall
INTRODUCTION: For late-life neurocognitive disorders, as for other late-life chronic diseases, much recent interest has focused on the possible relevance of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Programming by undernutrition in utero, followed by overnutrition in adult life may lead to an increased risk, possibly mediated through cardiovascular and metabolic pathways. This study will specifically examine, if lower birth weight is associated with poorer cognitive functioning in late life in a south Indian population...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208812/relationship-between-self-reported-dietary-nutrient-intake-and-self-reported-sleep-duration-among-japanese-adults
#5
Yoko Komada, Hajime Narisawa, Fumitaka Ueda, Hitomi Saito, Hiroyuki Sakaguchi, Makoto Mitarai, Rina Suzuki, Norihisa Tamura, Shigeru Inoue, Yuichi Inoue
Several studies have reported that short sleep duration is a risk factor for obesity and metabolic disease. Moreover, both sleep duration and sleep timing might independently be associated with dietary nutrient intake. In this study, we investigated the associations between self-reported sleep duration and dietary nutrient intake, with and without adjustments for variations in sleep timing (i.e., the midpoint of sleep). We conducted a questionnaire survey, comprising a validated brief self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ) and the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) among 1902 healthy Japanese adults and found that the dietary intakes of several nutrients correlated with sleep duration among men regardless of adjustment for the midpoint of sleep...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206812/is-diabetes-associated-with-lower-vitamin-c-status-in-pregnant-women-a-prospective-study
#6
Bente Juhl, Finn Friis Lauszus, Jens Lykkesfeldt
Few studies have examined how vitamin C status is affected in diabetic pregnancy and no comparison between normal and diabetic pregnancies has been found. This study evaluated vitamin C status prospectively during pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (n=76), in non-diabetic women (n=60), and in their respective neonates. Vitamin C was lower in diabetic women throughout all trimesters compared to controls (p<0.01). Repeated measurements analysis showed significant differences between diabetic and non-diabetic women; also when adjusted for birth weight ratio and age...
February 16, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205318/risk-of-major-bleeding-and-stroke-associated-with-the-use-of-vkas-noacs-and-aspirin-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-cohort-study
#7
Emilie Gieling, Hendrika A van den Ham, Hein van Onzenoort, Jacqueline Bos, Cornelis Kramers, Anthonius de Boer, Frank de Vries, Andrea M Burden
INTRODUCTION: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are now available for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) as an alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) and aspirin. The comparative effectiveness and safety in daily practice of these different drug classes is still unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of major bleeding and stroke in AF patients using NOACs, VKAs or aspirin. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among AF patients using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (March 2008-October 2014)...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205055/effectiveness-of-calcifediol-in-improving-muscle-function-in-post-menopausal-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Giovanni Iolascon, Antimo Moretti, Alessandro de Sire, Dario Calafiore, Francesca Gimigliano
INTRODUCTION: The role of vitamin D supplementation on muscle function and physical performance is still debated. Calcifediol is an available treatment for hypovitaminosis D, particularly for extra-skeletal effects. Aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the effectiveness of calcifediol on serum levels of 25(OH)D3, appendicular muscle strength, physical performance, and prevention of falls in post-menopausal women. METHODS: We recruited post-menopausal women aged ≥50 years, referring to an outpatient service for the management of osteoporosis over a 18-month period...
February 15, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202638/vitamin-concentrations-in-human-milk-vary-with-time-within-feed-circadian-rhythm-and-single-dose-supplementation
#9
Daniela Hampel, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, M Munirul Islam, Janet M Peerson, Lindsay H Allen
Background: Human milk is the subject of many studies, but procedures for representative sample collection have not been established. Our improved methods for milk micronutrient analysis now enable systematic study of factors that affect its concentrations.Objective: We evaluated the effects of sample collection protocols, variations in circadian rhythms, subject variability, and acute maternal micronutrient supplementation on milk vitamin concentrations.Methods: In the BMQ (Breast-Milk-Quality) study, we recruited 18 healthy women (aged 18-26 y) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, at 2-4 mo of lactation for a 3-d supplementation study...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202637/supplemental-selenium-may-decrease-ovarian-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women
#10
Paul D Terry, Bo Qin, Fabian Camacho, Patricia G Moorman, Anthony J Alberg, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Kristin A Guertin, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Joellen M Schildkraut, Elisa V Bandera
Background: To our knowledge, no previous study has evaluated the associations of antioxidant intake with the risk of ovarian cancer in African-American women, who are known to have high mortality from the disease.Objective: We sought to evaluate these associations among 406 ovarian cancer cases and 632 age- and site-matched controls of African-American descent recruited from AACES (African American Cancer Epidemiology Study), a population-based, case-control study in 11 geographical areas within the United States...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199350/25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-and-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-exert-distinct-effects-on-human-skeletal-muscle-function-and-gene-expression
#11
Zaki K Hassan-Smith, Carl Jenkinson, David J Smith, Ivan Hernandez, Stuart A Morgan, Nicola J Crabtree, Neil J Gittoes, Brian G Keevil, Paul M Stewart, Martin Hewison
Age-associated decline in muscle function represents a significant public health burden. Vitamin D-deficiency is also prevalent in aging subjects, and has been linked to loss of muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia), but the precise role of specific vitamin D metabolites in determining muscle phenotype and function is still unclear. To address this we quantified serum concentrations of multiple vitamin D metabolites, and assessed the impact of these metabolites on body composition/muscle function parameters, and muscle biopsy gene expression in a retrospective study of a cohort of healthy volunteers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194267/retinol-%C3%AE-tocopherol-and-selected-minerals-in-breast-milk-of-lactating-women-with-full-term-infants-in-south-korea
#12
Hyesook Kim, Byung-Mun Jung, Bum-Noh Lee, Yun-Je Kim, Ji A Jung, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to measure fat-soluble vitamins and minerals in breast milk of Korean lactating mothers who exclusively breastfed their babies. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Breast milk samples were collected from 334 mothers. Concentrations of retinol and α-tocopherol were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet spectrometry while concentrations of minerals were measured by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#13
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182348/a-comparison-of-four-methods-immunochemistry-and-hplc-for-determination-of-25-oh-vitamin-d-in-postmenopausal-women
#14
Eva Klapkova, Jana Cepova, Marta Pechova, Katerina Dunovska, Karel Kotaska, Richard Prusa
BACKGROUND: Three immunochemical methods for the determination of 25-(OH)-vitamin D and validated HPLC method for the determination of 25-(OH)-vitamin D3 and 25-(OH)-vitamin D2 were compared. 62 patient samples from postmenopausal women were measured and the results obtained by all these methods were compared. METHODS: We used three chemiluminescent assays for determination of 25-(OH)-vitamin D. 25-(OH)-vitamin D3 and 25-(OH)-vitamin D2 were determined by HPLC with UV detection (Agilent 1200)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179126/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-mothers-neonates-and-children
#15
Deena H Elsori, Majeda S Hammoud
Vitamin D is produced in response to the exposure of skin to sunlight through UV-B synthesis. It can also be obtained from diet and dietary supplements. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones as it helps to absorb calcium from diet. Vitamin D deficiency mainly occurs if strict vegetarian diet is followed as mostly the source of vitamin D is animal based; therefore, exposure to sunlight is restricted or having dark skin color. Low vitamin D levels results in increased possibility of gestational diabetes among pregnant women, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia in infants, and mothers may suffer bone impairment, osteoporosis, hypocalcaemia, and hypertension...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178022/the-impact-of-essential-fatty-acid-b-vitamins-vitamin-c-magnesium-and-zinc-supplementation-on-stress-levels-in-women-a-systematic-review
#16
Delia McCabe, Karolina Lisy, Craig Lockwood, Marc Colbeck
BACKGROUND: Women juggling multiple roles in our complex society are increasingly experiencing psychological stress. Dietary supplementation to manage stress is widespread despite limited supporting evidence. A systematic review of the available literature was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of specific dietary supplements in managing female stress and anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of essential fatty acids (EFAs), B vitamins, vitamin C, magnesium and/or zinc, consumed as dietary supplements to the daily diet, on female stress and anxiety levels...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175978/skeletal-effects-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-among-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#17
J H Lee, J H Kim, A R Hong, S W Kim, C S Shin
: Little is known about the association between vitamin D deficiency and the skeletal phenotypes in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients. A low 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was associated with a low bone mineral density and deteriorated hip geometry in women with PHPT in an Asian population where vitamin D deficiency is prevalent. INTRODUCTION: Few studies have examined the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the bone health of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients...
February 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173916/effect-of-mineral-and-bone-metabolism-on-restless-legs-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Precil D M M Neves, Fabiana G Graciolli, Ivone B Oliveira, Ramaiane A Bridi, Rosa M A Moysés, Rosilene M Elias
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a highly prevalent sleep disease among patients on hemodialysis. The physiopathology is still unclear, and may be multifactorial. Because of the association between iron metabolism and chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD), we hypothesized that both factors would be associated with RLS. METHODS: We have evaluated hemodialysis patients, in a face-to-face interview for the diagnosis and severity of RLS, as measured by the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173883/comparing-intake-estimations-based-on-food-composition-data-with-chemical-analysis-in-malian-women
#19
Yara Koréissi-Dembélé, Esmee L Doets, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Paul Jm Hulshof, Diego Moretti, Inge D Brouwer
OBJECTIVE: Food composition databases are essential for estimating nutrient intakes in food consumption surveys. The present study aimed to evaluate the Mali food composition database (TACAM) for assessing intakes of energy and selected nutrients at population level. DESIGN: Weighed food records and duplicate portions of all foods consumed during one day were collected. Intakes of energy, protein, fat, available carbohydrates, dietary fibre, Ca, Fe, Zn and vitamin A were assessed by: (i) estimating the nutrient intake from weighed food records based on an adjusted TACAM (a-TACAM); and (ii) chemical analysis of the duplicate portions...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169608/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pregnant-ukrainian-women-effects-of-alcohol-consumption-on-vitamin-d-status
#20
Charles R Carlson, Janet Y Uriu-Adams, Christina D Chambers, Lyubov Yevtushok, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Priscilla H Chan, Jordan J Schafer, Wladimir Wertelecki, Carl L Keen
OBJECTIVE: Heavy alcohol consumption can alter vitamin D status; however, the relationships between alcohol consumption and vitamin D concentrations in pregnant women have not been well studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the vitamin D status in a population of alcohol-exposed (N = 180) and low/unexposed control (N = 179) Ukrainian pregnant women. METHODS: Women who attended prenatal care facilities in 2 regions of Ukraine (Rivne and Khmelnytsky) for a routine prenatal visit were screened for the study...
January 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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