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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820448/vitamin-d-status-of-residents-in-taiyuan-china-and-influencing-factors
#1
Xiaoning Yan, Jasmine S Thomson, Ruibao Zhao, Ruifang Zhu, Zhaolin Wang, Na Zhang, Jane Coad
High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has been reported worldwide. Residents of Taiyuan, China, were predicted to be at high risk of vitamin D deficiency due to its high latitude, heavy air pollution, and cultural sun avoidance. This study investigated the vitamin D status of office workers, and explored the potential determinants of capillary 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration as well as the relationship between 25(OH)D and metabolic syndrome. Two hundred participants, aged 20 to 80 years, were recruited...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820406/-results-of-preparation-and-implementation-of-ivf-program-in-patients-with-thrombophilia-and-history-of-failed-ivf
#2
G Abrahamyan
The problem of infertility and reproductive losses maintains its urgency, as well as medical and social significance. Frequency of infertility in overall population, according to the data from different authors, varies from 9 to 18 per cent. Methods of aided reproductive technologies (ART) opened a new era in the field of correction of infertile marriage. As a result, more and more couples choose to solve this problem by means of aided reproductive technologies (ART): in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820082/high-dose-b-vitamin-supplements-and-risk-for-age-related-cataract-a-population-based-prospective-study-of-men-and-women
#3
Jinjin Z Selin, Birgitta E Lindblad, Matteo Bottai, Ralf Morgenstern, Alicja Wolk
Previous studies that have investigated the association between B-vitamin supplement use and risk for cataract yield conflicting results. The aim of this study was to examine the association between use of high-dose B-vitamin supplements (approximately 10 times recommended daily intake) and risk for age-related cataract in a population-based prospective study of 13 757 women from the Swedish Mammography Cohort and 22 823 men from the Cohort of Swedish Men. Dietary supplement use and potential confounders were assessed using a questionnaire at baseline...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819616/maternal-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-in-mexico-a-case-control-study
#4
Emmanuel Angulo-Castro, Luis F Acosta-Alfaro, Alma M Guadron-Llanos, Adrian Canizalez-Román, Fernando Gonzalez-Ibarra, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Joel Murillo-Llanes
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate, the most common developmental deformity, is seen worldwide and the etiology involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case control study at the Women's Hospital in Culiacan, Mexico. Medical records were analyzed, including patients who delivered babies with and without cleft lip and cleft palate from January 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818318/sex-and-gender-differences-in-thromboprophylactic-treatment-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-after-the-introduction-of-non-vitamin-k-oral-anticoagulants
#5
Desirée Loikas, Tomas Forslund, Björn Wettermark, Karin Schenck-Gustafsson, Paul Hjemdahl, Mia von Euler
To examine sex differences in thromboprophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation before and after the introduction of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants, we performed a cross-sectional registry study based on anonymized individual-level patient data of all individuals with a diagnosis of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision code I48) in the region of Stockholm, Sweden (2.2 million inhabitants), in 2011 and 2015, respectively. Thromboprophylaxis improved considerably during the period...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817241/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-heart-failure-risk-in-the-elderly
#6
Catarina Magalhães Porto, Vanessa De Lima Silva, João Soares Brito da Luz, Brivaldo Markman Filho, Vera Magalhães da Silveira
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D deficiency and risk of heart failure in elderly patients of cardiology outpatient clinics. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study with an analytical approach was employed. Clinical data were collected from the elderly from August 2015 to February 2016. The dependent variable was the risk of heart failure; the independent variable was vitamin D deficiency; and intervening factors were age, gender, education, ethnicity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, renal failure, dementia, stroke, dyslipidaemia, depression, smoking, alcoholism, obesity, andropause, and cardiac arrhythmia...
August 17, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815282/correction-of-vitamin-d-status-by-calcidiol-pharmacokinetic-profile-safety-and-biochemical-effects-on-bone-and-mineral-metabolism-of-daily-and-weekly-dosage-regimens
#7
S Minisola, L Cianferotti, P Biondi, C Cipriani, C Fossi, F Franceschelli, F Giusti, G Leoncini, J Pepe, H A Bischoff-Ferrari, M L Brandi
RATIONALE: Calcidiol can be employed to correct vitamin D deficiency. MAIN RESULTS: Calcidiol administered at daily and weekly regimens over a period of 3 months was able to successfully raise 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels without altering other markers related to bone and mineral metabolism. SIGNIFICANCE: Calcidiol supplementation is effective and safe. INTRODUCTION: The correction of vitamin D status is necessary to maintain an optimal mineral and skeletal homeostasis...
August 16, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814531/patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-have-a-low-response-rate-to-vitamin-d-supplementation
#8
Jaividhya Dasarathy, Rony Varghese, Abram Feldman, Amer Khiyami, Arthur J McCullough, Srinivasan Dasarathy
Background: Hypovitaminosis D is associated with an increased severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but reports on the response to cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) supplementation are conflicting.Objective: The objective of this study was to determine if standard vitamin D3 supplementation is effective in NAFLD with hypovitaminosis D.Methods: Sixty-five well-characterized adults [age (mean ± SD): 51.6 ± 12.3 y] with biopsy-proven NAFLD were screened. Forty-two patients (the ratio of men to women was 13:29) had hypovitaminosis D (plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] <30 ng/mL)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814399/modeling-the-dose-effects-of-soybean-oil-in-salad-dressing-on-carotenoid-and-fat-soluble-vitamin-bioavailability-in-salad-vegetables
#9
Wendy S White, Yang Zhou, Agatha Crane, Philip Dixon, Frits Quadt, Leonard M Flendrig
Background: Previously, we showed that vegetable oil is necessary for carotenoid absorption from salad vegetables. Research is needed to better define the dose effect and its interindividual variation for carotenoids and fat-soluble vitamins.Objective: The objective was to model the dose-response relation between the amount of soybean oil in salad dressing and the absorption of 1) carotenoids, phylloquinone, and tocopherols in salad vegetables and 2) retinyl palmitate formed from the provitamin A carotenoids...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814395/fecal-concentrations-of-bacterially-derived-vitamin-k-forms-are-associated-with-gut-microbiota-composition-but-not-plasma-or-fecal-cytokine-concentrations-in-healthy-adults
#10
J Philip Karl, Mohsen Meydani, Junaidah B Barnett, Sally M Vanegas, Kathryn Barger, Xueyan Fu, Barry Goldin, Anne Kane, Helen Rasmussen, Pajau Vangay, Dan Knights, Satya S Jonnalagadda, Edward Saltzman, Susan B Roberts, Simin N Meydani, Sarah L Booth
Background: Emerging evidence suggests novel roles for bacterially derived vitamin K forms known as menaquinones in health and disease, which may be attributable in part to anti-inflammatory effects. However, the relevance of menaquinones produced by gut bacteria to vitamin K requirements and inflammation is undetermined.Objective: This study aimed to quantify fecal menaquinone concentrations and identify associations between fecal menaquinone concentrations and serum vitamin K concentrations, gut microbiota composition, and inflammation...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812579/reproducibility-and-relative-validity-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-estimate-intake-of-dietary-phylloquinone-and-menaquinones
#11
S R Zwakenberg, A I P Engelen, G W Dalmeijer, S L Booth, C Vermeer, J J M M Drijvers, M C Ocke, E J M Feskens, Y T van der Schouw, J W J Beulens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the reproducibility and relative validity of the Dutch food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), to estimate intake of dietary phylloquinone and menaquinones compared with 24-h dietary recalls (24HDRs) and plasma markers of vitamin K status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a cross-sectional study among 63 men and 58 women, the FFQ was completed three times over a 1-year period and the reproducibility was calculated over these measurements...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811787/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-breast-cancer
#12
Noureen Shaukat, Farhat Jaleel, Foad Ali Moosa, Naeem Akhter Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between vitamin D deficiency and breast cancer. METHODS: This case control study included 94 female patients aged 20-75 years of any marital status and parity. Newly diagnosed 42 breast cancer patients who presented to surgical OPD of Dow University Hospital from Jan 2016 to June 2016 were included into the study as "cases" after informed consent. Age-matched 52 females who presented to OPD for complain other than breast pathology were included as the "control group"...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808645/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes
#13
Hatav Ghasemi Tehrani, Fatemeh Mostajeran, Behnaz Banihashemi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was survey of the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on the incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Alzahra and Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, from January, 2013 to January, 2014 on 210 pregnant women referred to gynecology clinics. Serum levels of Vitamin D were measured, and those with lower serum levels of 10 nmol/L randomly divided into two groups of A and B...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808642/burden-of-disease-attributable-to-vitamin-a-deficiency-in-iranian-population-aged-less-than-five-years-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2010
#14
Maryam Bahreynian, Mostafa Qorbani, Shohreh Naderimagham, Sara Nejatinamini, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Farshad Sharifi, Fahad Saqib, Alireza Khajavi, Morteza Mansourian, Ali Asghar Ahmadishokouh, Hamid Asayesh, Omid Safari, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is considered as one of the most serious public health concerns in developing countriesand the leading cause of mortality in under-five-year-old children.A large number of young children and pregnant women especially in low-income, non-industrialized communities are more susceptible to VAD. This study aims to report the burden of disease (BOD) attributable to VAD in Iranian population aged less than 5 years by using data of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2010...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806113/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-the-otap2014-study-v-vitamin-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#15
Erzsébet Schreiberné Molnár, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Barbara Nagy, Márta Bakacs, Orsolya Kis, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey was implemented on a sub-sample of the European Health Interview Survey. In this paper, the authors present the data on the vitamin intake of the Hungarian population. METHOD: The survey represents the vitamin intake of the Hungarian non-institutionalised adult population of 18 years and older. There are significant differences between men's and women's vitamin intake. RESULTS: The intake of all water-soluble vitamins except for vitamin C is higher in men than in women, and the difference between the genders regarding the intake of vitamin E and D is significant...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805552/cyclic-perimenstrual-pain-and-discomfort-and-australian-women-s-associated-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Carole Fisher, Louise Hickman, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal change in Australian women's prevalence of cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort and the association between their symptoms and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). METHOD: Data on endometriosis, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), irregular periods, heavy periods, and severe period pain were collected over a 7-year period from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, for women aged 28 to 33 years in 2006, and at 3-year follow-ups...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802295/food-acceptance-and-anthropometry-in-relation-to-6-n-propylthiouracil-sensitivity-in-japanese-college-women
#17
Ayako Nagai, Masaru Kubota, Kanako Morinaga, Yukie Higashiyama
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Differences in anthropometry and food acceptance among tasters and non-tasters of 6-n-propylthiouracil has been well studied in Western countries. However, reports on this issue from Asian countries are still limited. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Healthy Japanese students attending Nara Women's University (n=153) were recruited and classified into 3 groups based on taste sensitivity to a 0.32 mM 6-npropylthiouracil solution as scored on a labeled magnitude scale...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802294/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-elderly-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-function-in-urban-north-china
#18
Liping Meng, Qingqing Man, Linhong Yuan, Lingxia Shen, Weimin Li, Guiyuan Guo, Lixiang Li, Shanshan Jia, Yixiong Gao, Pengkun Song, Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) with skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and function among the elderly in an urban area in northern China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 912 participants (316 men, 596 women) aged more than 60 years from 4 communities in Beijing were enrolled. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D were measured through radioimmunoassay. SMM was assessed through bioelectrical impendence analysis, whereas skeletal muscle function was assessed through grip strength and 4-m regular gait speed measurements...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800115/intake-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-the-belgian-population-adequacy-and-contribution-of-foods-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#19
Isabelle Moyersoen, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Arnold Dekkers, Karin de Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, John van Camp, Herman van Oyen, Carl Lachat
A key challenge of public health nutrition is to provide the majority of the population with a sufficient level of micronutrients while preventing high-consumers from exceeding the tolerable upper intake level. Data of the 2014 Belgian food consumption survey (n = 3200) were used to assess fat-soluble vitamin (vitamins A, D, E and K) intake from the consumption of foods, fortified foods and supplements. This study revealed inadequate intakes for vitamin A, from all sources, in the entire Belgian population and possible inadequacies for vitamin D...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799181/the-relationship-between-stroke-severity-and-prior-direct-oral-anticoagulant-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-and-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Yuki Sakamoto, Seiji Okubo, Chikako Nito, Satoshi Suda, Noriko Matsumoto, Arata Abe, Junya Aoki, Takashi Shimoyama, Yohei Takayama, Kentaro Suzuki, Masahiro Mishina, Kazumi Kimura
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant treatment with a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) has been reported to reduce stroke severity when patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) suffer acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) therapy also has a potential to reduce the initial severity of AIS. However, the effect of DOAC therapy on the severity of AIS is not well known. The aims of the present study were to investigate the effect of DOACs on initial stroke severity in patients with AIS and non-valvular AF (NVAF)...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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