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Neuropsychological evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355429/the-effects-of-post-traumatic-depression-on-cognition-pain-fatigue-and-headache-after-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-thematic-review
#1
R G Kumar, S Gao, S B Juengst, A K Wagner, A Fabio
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic depression (PTD) is one of the most common secondary complications to develop after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it rarely manifests singularly, and often co-occurs with other common TBI impairments. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this thematic review is to evaluate studies examining the relationships between PTD and cognition, fatigue, pain, and headache among individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI. RESULTS: We reviewed 16 studies examining the relationship between PTD and cognition (five articles), fatigue (five articles), pain (four articles), and headache (two articles)...
January 22, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354568/anatomical-correlates-of-neuropsychological-deficits-among-patients-with-the-cerebellar-stroke
#2
Min A Shin, Oak Tae Park, Joon-Ho Shin
Objective: To investigate the anatomical correlates of the neuropsychological deficits in patients with the cerebellar stroke. Methods: We screened patients who were admitted to the National Rehabilitation Center with the cerebellar stroke between October 2012 and November 2016. The patients with the cerebellar stroke who underwent neuropsychological testing for which the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery (SNSB) or the SNSB-II were enrolled. The neuropsychological function capacities were compared in accordance with the stroke type (hemorrhagic vs...
December 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354219/impact-of-hypertension-severity-on-arterial-stiffness-cerebral-vasoreactivity-and-cognitive-performance
#3
Henrique Cotchi Simbo Muela, Valeria A Costa-Hong, Monica Sanches Yassuda, Michel Ferreira Machado, Ricardo de Carvalho Nogueira, Natalia C Moraes, Claudia Maia Memória, Thiago A Macedo, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu, Ayrton Roberto Massaro, Ricardo Nitrini, Luiz A Bortolotto
Aging, hypertension (HTN), and other cardiovascular risk factors contribute to structural and functional changes of the arterial wall. Objective: To evaluate whether arterial stiffness (AS) is related to cerebral blood flow changes and its association with cognitive function in patients with hypertension. Methods: 211 patients (69 normotensive and 142 hypertensive) were included. Patients with hypertension were divided into 2 stages: HTN stage-1 and HTN stage-2...
October 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353577/episodic-memory-and-the-witness-trump-card
#4
Jeremy Henry, Carl Craver
We accept Mahr & Csibra's (M&C's) causal claim that episodic memory provides humans with the means for evaluating the veracity of reports about non-occurrent events. We reject their evolutionary argument that this is the proper function of episodic memory. We explore three intriguing implications of the causal claim, for cognitive neuropsychology, comparative psychology, and philosophy.
January 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351666/intraoperative-identification-and-preservation-of-verbal-memory-in-diffuse-gliomas-a-matched-pair-cohort-study
#5
Juan Martino, Elsa Gomez, Enrique Marco de Lucas, David Mato, Javier Vázquez-Bourgon
BACKGROUND: Recent glioma surgery series with intraoperative electrical stimulation (IES) language mapping have demonstrated high rates of postoperative memory impairment, raising a question regarding the efficacy of this approach to preserve memory. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if intraoperative identification and preservation of verbal memory sites with IES mapping in diffuse gliomas in eloquent areas consistently protect patients from long-term postoperative decline in short-term memory...
January 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348369/-history-of-researches-on-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#6
Yasuyoshi Watanabe, Hirohiko Kuratsune
Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a disease characterized by chronic, profound, disabling, and unexplained fatigue. The first patient with ME/CFS in Japan was identified and described in 1990 by Prof. Teruo Kitani and Dr. Hirohiko Kuratsune of the Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University. Since then, a variety of studies have been performed to determine the objective biomarkers of the disease. Although it is hypothesized that brain inflammation is involved in the pathophysiology of ME/CFS, there is to date no direct evidence of neuroinflammation in patients with ME/CFS...
January 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348302/tracking-brain-damage-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-a-longitudinal-mri-study
#7
Federica Agosta, Francesca Caso, Milica Ječmenica-Lukić, Igor N Petrović, Paola Valsasina, Alessandro Meani, Massimiliano Copetti, Vladimir S Kostić, Massimo Filippi
OBJECTIVES: In this prospective, longitudinal, multiparametric MRI study, we investigated clinical as well as brain grey matter and white matter (WM) regional changes in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy-Richardson's syndrome (PSP-RS). METHODS: Twenty-one patients with PSP-RS were evaluated at baseline relative to 36 healthy controls and after a mean follow-up of 1.4 years with clinical rating scales, neuropsychological tests and MRI scans. RESULTS: Relative to controls, patients with PSP-RS showed at baseline a typical pattern of brain damage, including midbrain atrophy, frontal cortical thinning and widespread WM involvement of the main infratentorial and supratentorial tracts that exceeded cortical damage...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345214/deciding-to-adopt-revised-and-new-psychological-and-neuropsychological-tests-an-inter-organizational-position-paper
#8
Shane S Bush, Jerry J Sweet, Kevin J Bianchini, Doug Johnson-Greene, Pamela M Dean, Mike R Schoenberg
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests undergo periodic revision intended to improve psychometric properties, normative data, relevance of stimuli, and ease of administration. In addition, new tests are developed to evaluate psychological and neuropsychological constructs, often purporting to improve evaluation effectiveness. However, there is limited professional guidance to neuropsychologists concerning the decision to adopt a revised version of a test and/or replace an older test with a new test purporting to measure the same or overlapping constructs...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345040/assessing-and-addressing-cognitive-impairment-in-bipolar-disorder-the-international-society-for-bipolar-disorders-targeting-cognition-task-force-recommendations-for-clinicians
#9
REVIEW
K W Miskowiak, K E Burdick, A Martinez-Aran, C M Bonnin, C R Bowie, A F Carvalho, P Gallagher, B Lafer, C López-Jaramillo, T Sumiyoshi, R S McIntyre, A Schaffer, R J Porter, S Purdon, I J Torres, L N Yatham, A H Young, L V Kessing, E Vieta
OBJECTIVES: Cognition is a new treatment target to aid functional recovery and enhance quality of life for patients with bipolar disorder. The International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) Targeting Cognition Task Force aimed to develop consensus-based clinical recommendations on whether, when and how to assess and address cognitive impairment. METHODS: The task force, consisting of 19 international experts from nine countries, discussed the challenges and recommendations in a face-to-face meeting, telephone conference call and email exchanges...
January 18, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341892/premature-aging-in-behavior-and-immune-functions-in-tyrosine-hydroxylase-haploinsufficient-female-mice-a-longitudinal-study
#10
A Garrido, J Cruces, N Ceprián, C Hernández-Sánchez, M De la Fuente
Aging is accompanied by impairment in the nervous, immune, and endocrine systems as well as in neuroimmunoendocrine communication. In this context, there is an age-related alteration of the physiological response to acute stress, which is modulated by catecholamine (CA), final products of the sympathetic-adreno-medullary axis. The involvement of CA in essential functions of the nervous system is consistent with the neuropsychological deficits found in mice with haploinsufficiency (hemizygous; HZ) of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) enzyme (TH-HZ)...
January 13, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340965/emotional-and-social-characteristics-of-stroke-patients-with-low-verbal-memory
#11
Ewa Zawadzka, Łucja Domańska
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits, especially problems with memory observed after stroke often coexist with patients' experience of difficulties in everyday life situations. AIMS: The purposes of the study were to explore the relationships between verbal memory, emotional functioning and social competence in stroke patients, and to examine the emotional and social condition of stroke patients with low verbal memory. METHODS: Ninety-five participants were assessed with the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile, and the Social Competency Questionnaire...
January 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337649/neurocognitive-deficits-associated-with-adhd-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#12
Poyrung Poysophon, Ashwin L Rao
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder and is frequently diagnosed in young adults. Emerging studies suggest a relationship between ADHD and concussion. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether athletes with ADHD are at increased risk for neurocognitive deficits related to concussion risk, symptom reporting, and recovery. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search of PubMed, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Library databases was performed...
January 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336125/association-of-chronic-subjective-tinnitus-with-neuro-cognitive-performance
#13
Sunita Gudwani, Sanjay K Munjal, Naresh K Panda, Adarsh Kohli
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subjective tinnitus is associated with cognitive disruptions affecting perception, thinking, language, reasoning, problem solving, memory, visual tasks (reading) and attention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate existence of any association between tinnitus parameters and neuropsychological performance to explain cognitive processing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design was prospective, consisting 25 patients with idiopathic chronic subjective tinnitus and gave informed consent before planning their treatment...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334039/refractory-epilepsy-the-role-of-positron-emission-tomography
#14
Tommy L H Chan, Jonathan Romsa, David A Steven, Jorge G Burneo
RATIONALE: Presurgical localization of the epileptogenic focus is critical to successful surgery. Traditionally, localization of the epileptogenic focus depends on seizure semiology, scalp video-electroencephalography (vEEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), neuropsychological assessment, and, when needed, intracranial EEG (iEEG). We aimed to explore the role of positron emission tomography (PET) in the presurgical evaluation of patients with refractory epilepsy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients from London Health Sciences Centre (London, Ontario) with refractory epilepsy who underwent PET from September of 2011 to April of 2016...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332640/cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-matched-case-control-study
#15
Marco Innamorati, Rossella M Quinto, David Lester, Luca Iani, Dario Graceffa, Claudio Bonifati
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, a few studies have suggested that psoriasis could be associated with the presence of mild cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present matched case-control study was to investigate several cognitive domains (executive functions, verbal memory, attention, and language) in a sample of outpatients with psoriasis. We also investigated whether cognitive impairment was associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with psoriasis...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332045/the-uniform-data-set-czech-version-normative-data-in-older-adults-from-an-international-perspective
#16
Tomas Nikolai, Hana Stepankova, Miloslav Kopecek, Zdenek Sulc, Martin Vyhnalek, Ondrej Bezdicek
BACKGROUND: Outside of the United States, international perspectives on normative data for neuropsychological test performance, within diverse populations, have been scarce. The neuropsychological test battery from the Uniform Data Set (UDS) of the Alzheimer's Disease Centers (ADC) program of the United States National Institute on Aging (NIA) is one of the most sensitive batteries for the evaluation of both normal cognitive aging and pathological cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of the Czech Neuropsychological Test Battery from the Uniform Data Set (UDS-Cz 2...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332036/relationships-between-lower-olfaction-and-brain-white-matter-lesions-in-elderly-subjects-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#17
Juliette Heinrich, Jean-Sébastien Vidal, Axelle Simon, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Olivier Hanon, Jacques Epelbaum, Cecile Viollet, Emmanuelle Duron
BACKGROUND: Olfactory impairment is reported in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is associated with hippocampal atrophy. In elderly people, dementia with AD neuropathology and white matter lesions (WML) is common. In this context, olfactory impairment could also depend on the presence of WML. OBJECTIVE: To assess the cross-sectional relationship between olfaction and WML in elderly subjects with MCI. METHODS: Consecutive subjects, >65 years old, diagnosed as MCI after a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in an expert memory center, with a brain MRI performed within a year and without major depressive state, were included...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331203/have-we-forgotten-about-forgetting-a-critical-review-of-accelerated-long-term-forgetting-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#18
REVIEW
Anneli Cassel, Michael D Kopelman
Forgetting has been researched for over a century. This literature highlighted how forgetting rates can vary dependent on factors in the design and method. Recent interest in forgetting revived with evidence suggesting that seizures experienced almost immediately after matched learning could accelerate forgetting. This was followed by a growth in forgetting studies in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), including a subset of those with transient epileptic amnesia (TEA). These patients have been described as expressing concerns about memory, yet often perform within 'normal' ranges on standard neuropsychological memory assessments...
December 26, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330827/profiling-online-poker-players-are-executive-functions-correlated-with-poker-ability-and-problem-gambling
#19
Mauro Schiavella, Matteo Pelagatti, Jerker Westin, Gabriele Lepore, Paolo Cherubini
Poker playing and responsible gambling both entail the use of the executive functions (EF), which are higher-level cognitive abilities. This study investigated if online poker players of different ability showed different performances in their EF and if so, which functions were the most discriminating for their playing ability. Furthermore, it assessed if the EF performance was correlated to the quality of gambling, according to self-reported questionnaires (PGSI, SOGS, GRCS). Three poker experts evaluated anonymized poker hand history files and, then, a trained professional administered an extensive neuropsychological test battery...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329363/validity-of-teleneuropsychological-assessment-in-older-patients-with-cognitive-disorders
#20
Hannah E Wadsworth, Kaltra Dhima, Kyle B Womack, John Hart, Myron F Weiner, Linda S Hynan, C Munro Cullum
Objective: The feasibility and reliability of neuropsychological assessment at a distance have been demonstrated, but the validity of this testing medium has not been adequately demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of video teleconferencing administration of neuropsychological measures (teleneuropsychology) in discriminating cognitively impaired from non-impaired groups of older adults. It was predicted that measures administered via video teleconference would distinguish groups and that the magnitude of differences between impaired and non-impaired groups would be similar to group differences achieved in traditional administration...
January 10, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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