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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894490/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-non-recovery-after-a-minor-transport-related-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
Stella Samoborec, Rasa Ruseckaite, Darshini Ayton, Sue Evans
BACKGROUND: Globally, road transport accidents contribute significantly to mortality and burden of disability. Up to 50 million people suffer a transport-related non-fatal injury each year, which often leads to long-term disability. A substantial number of people with minor injuries struggle to recover and little is known about the factors leading to poor or non-recovery. The aim of this paper is to present a systematic review of biopsychosocial factors related to poor or non-recovery after a minor transport-related injury...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843581/factors-that-assist-and-hinder-efforts-towards-recovery-from-eating-disorders-a-comparison-of-collegiate-female-athletes-and-non-athletes
#2
Jessyca N Arthur-Cameselle, Jeimi Burgos, Jacqueline Burke, Jessica Cairo, Melissa Colón, Maria Estefania Piña
This study compared female intercollegiate athletes' and non-athletes' experiences of working towards recovery from an eating disorder. Participants (55 athletes, 99 non-athletes) responded to open-ended questions about factors that influenced their progress towards recovery. Both subgroups reported that Supportive Relationships and Cognitive/Emotional Shifts were most helpful. The third most frequent helpful factor for athletes was Sport Performance Concerns, for non-athletes it was Treatment. Athletes' most frequent hindering factors were Negative Emotions/Cognitions, Sport Pressures, and Hurtful Modelling, while non-athletes reported Negative Emotions/Cognitions, Lack of Support, and Hurtful Modelling...
May 29, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792336/evaluation-of-a-national-neurosurgical-formative-examination-the-uk-experience
#3
Ian Anderson, Robert Corns, Simon Thomson
INTRODUCTION: Formative assessment is a key component in medical education and that it is a helpful process for all involved. Until recently there was no national formative examination for neurosurgical trainees. The Neurosurgery Annual in Training Examination (NAiTE) is an annual online, formative assessment that was introduced in 2014. In this paper, we seek to discuss how well NAiTE relates to established educational practice and principles and its fitness for purpose by discussing its rationale, structure and utility...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777044/the-impact-of-sign-glaucoma-guidelines-on-false-positive-referrals-from-community-optometrists-in-central-scotland
#4
Samantha Sii, Ahmad Nasser, Cheng Yi Loo, Catherine Croghan, Alan Rotchford, Pankaj Kumar Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence glaucoma guidelines 2009, the number of referrals from community optometrists to hospital eye services has increased across the UK, resulting in increase in first visit discharge rates (FVDRs). AIM: To assess the impact of Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) 144 on quality of referrals from community optometrists. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study of patient records who attended as new adult glaucoma referrals to clinics in Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion, Edinburgh, and in Greater Glasgow and Clyde, was carried out across October-November 2014 (group 1) and September-October 2016 (group 2), before and after the introduction of SIGN 144...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754014/efficacy-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-autoimmune-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Pablo Cabezudo-García, Natalia Mena-Vázquez, Macarena Villagrán-García, Pedro J Serrano-Castro
OBJECTIVE: Review the evidence of the efficacy of AEDs (antiepileptic drugs) in autoimmune epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature research on Medline and Embase was carried out through January 2018. We included MeSH terms, free text and terms related to "autoimmune epilepsy", "autoimmune encephalitis", "limbic encephalitis", "autoimmune seizures", "antiepileptic drug", "seizure treatment", and "epilepsy treatment"...
May 7, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744960/tepid-massage-for-febrile-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Junghee Lim, Juyoung Kim, Bora Moon, Gaeun Kim
AIM: This study aimed to examine the effect of tepid massage in febrile children comparing with other fever management. METHODS: Experimental studies published in English were included; quasi-experimental research studies were also included in consideration of rare experimental studies in Korean. The search strategy sought to identify published research reports in the English language and covered all major databases up to 2016. The methodological quality of each study was assessed by 2 independent reviewers using a Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network's Methodology Checklist...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739636/factors-predicting-success-in-the-intercollegiate-membership-of-the-royal-college-of-surgeons-mrcs-examination-a-summary-for-omfs
#7
EDITORIAL
D S G Scrimgeour, J Cleland, A J Lee, P A Brennan
The Intercollegiate Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS, parts A and B) is a mandatory examination for entry into higher surgical training in the UK. We investigated which factors predict success in both the written (Part A) and clinical (Part B) parts of the examination, and provide a summary for oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS). All UK graduates who attempted both parts between 2007 and 2016 were included. There was a positive correlation between the scores in parts A and B (r=0.41, p<0...
May 5, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737586/ambient-air-pollution-and-human-performance-contemporaneous-and-acclimatization-effects-of-ozone-exposure-on-athletic-performance
#8
Jamie T Mullins
This paper utilizes a unique dataset of competitive outcomes from intercollegiate track and field competition to identify the relationship between recent ambient pollution exposure histories and human performance among a young and fit population in a diverse range of physically demanding "tasks". I find that higher contemporaneous ozone levels are associated with poorer performances in events that heavily tax the respiratory system. This is the case despite the low exposure levels observed in the studied sample, which are similar to those regularly experienced across the developed world...
May 8, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722052/the-methodological-quality-of-guidelines-for-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
R Ambaras Khan, Z Aziz
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines serve as a framework for physicians to make decisions and to support best practice for optimizing patient care. However, if the guidelines do not address all the important components of optimal care sufficiently, the quality and validity of the guidelines can be reduced. The objectives of this study were to systematically review current guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), evaluate their methodological quality and highlight the similarities and differences in their recommendations for empirical antibiotic and antibiotic de-escalation strategies...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703590/how-effective-is-trauma-simulation-as-an-educational-process-for-healthcare-providers-within-the-trauma-networks-a-systematic-review
#10
Donna Barleycorn, Geraldine A Lee
BACKGROUND: Major trauma is a significant public health problem and a leading cause of death for several age groups. To address this issue, Major Trauma Networks were introduced in the UK from 2010, consisting of Major Trauma Centres (MTCs) and a network of linked Trauma Units (TUs). OBJECTIVE: The aim is to undertake a systematic review to examine how effective is trauma simulation as an educational process for healthcare providers within trauma networks. METHODS: The databases searched included Medline, Embase and Cinahl from 2010 to 2016...
April 25, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701872/management-of-ready-to-use-parenteral-nutrition-in-newborns-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Karen Daniela Romero Mena, Olga Lucia Pinzón Espitia, José Alejandro Daza Vergara
Parenteral support has increased the possibility of neonatal recovery. However, complications associated with its use have been documented. One commercial method developed to decrease the complications of this type of support is the ready-to-use parenteral nutrition (PN), a 3-chamber bag that provides a complete nutrient mix. This systematic review seeks, through the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology, to establish the benefits in newborns. Seven databases and gray literature were used...
April 27, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699529/substance-use-and-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Elsie Breet, Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
BACKGROUND: Understanding relationships between substance use and suicidal ideation and behaviour (SIB) has important public health implications for suicide prevention in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 75% of suicides occur. This systematic review explored the associations between substance use and SIB in LMICs. METHODS: We searched five databases using a combination of keywords for substance use, SIB and LMICs to identify English-written quantitative studies published between January 2006 and February 2016...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685069/the-assessment-and-treatment-of-antipsychotic-induced-akathisia
#13
Tamara Pringsheim, David Gardner, Donald Addington, Davide Martino, Francesca Morgante, Lucia Ricciardi, Norman Poole, Gary Remington, Mark Edwards, Alan Carson, Thomas R E Barnes
Akathisia is a common and distressing neuropsychiatric syndrome associated with antipsychotic medication, characterised by subjective and objective psychomotor restlessness. The goal of this guideline is to provide clinicians with recommendations on the assessment and treatment of akathisia. We performed a systematic review of therapeutic studies assessing the treatment of antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal symptoms. Forty studies on akathisia and 4 systematic reviews evaluating the adverse effects of antipsychotics were used in the formulation of recommendations...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683924/ca-mrsa-infection-rates-and-management-among-student-athletes
#14
Tim Braun, Leamor Kahanov
PURPOSE: Although community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have reduced among inpatient populations, the incidence in athletics continues to range greatly dependent on the sport. Over the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 school years, we assessed the annual CA-MRSA incidence, sport risk, referral practices, and management protocols or interventions among high school and intercollegiate athletics. METHODS: This study targeted high school and intercollegiate athletic programs across the United States...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607719/predictors-of-success-in-the-intercollegiate-membership-of-the-royal-college-of-surgeons-mrcs-examination
#15
Dsg Scrimgeour, J Cleland, A J Lee, P A Brennan
Introduction The Intercollegiate Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS, Parts A and B) is designed to safeguard patients and ensure high standards for trainees wishing to pursue a surgical career. We investigated which factors predict Part A and B success. Methods UK graduates who had attempted both parts of MRCS from September 2007 to February 2016 were included. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to examine the linear relationship between each part of MRCS and logistic regression analysis to identify potential independent predictors of MRCS pass/fail outcome...
April 1, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601822/pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-the-treatment-of-uveitis
#16
Christopher R Henry, Matthias D Becker, Yongsheng Yang, Janet L Davis
PURPOSE: To review and summarize evidence in the medical literature regarding the use of pars plana vitrectomy in the management of uveitis. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted for relevant articles on pars plana vitrectomy for the management of uveitis. Results from the studies were compiled and analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-four articles, published from 2005 through 2014, were included in the final data analysis...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590327/is-scottish-intercollegiate-guidelines-network-guidance-for-gp-management-of-tonsillitis-suitable-a-qualitative-study
#17
Lorraine A McSweeney, Janet A Wilson, Scott Wilkes, Catherine A Haighton
Background: The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) developed guidelines for the management of sore throat and indications for tonsillectomy in 1999 to address concerns of unnecessary surgery. Emergency admissions to hospital for tonsillitis have since increased. Adults experience an average of 27 episodes of tonsillitis before undergoing tonsillectomy. We wished to explore the appropriateness of the guidance and/or its implementation in primary care. Aim: To explore the attitudes of GPs to the referral criteria they use when managing adults presenting with acute tonsillitis...
March 24, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581141/risk-factors-for-and-prevention-of-shoulder-injuries-in-overhead-sports-a-systematic-review-with-best-evidence-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Martin Asker, Hannah L Brooke, Markus Waldén, Ulrika Tranaeus, Fredrik Johansson, Eva Skillgate, Lena W Holm
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for risk factors and prevention measures for shoulder injuries in overhead sports. DESIGN: Systematic review with best-evidence synthesis. DATA SOURCES: Medline (Ovid), PubMed (complementary search), Embase (Elsevier), Cochrane (Wiley), SPORTDiscus (Ebsco) and Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters), from 1 January 1990 to 15 May 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials, cohort studies and case-control studies on risk factors or prevention measures for shoulder injuries in overhead sports...
March 26, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568786/reconsidering-return-to-play-times-a-broader-perspective-on-concussion-recovery
#19
Christopher D'Lauro, Brian R Johnson, Gerald McGinty, C Dain Allred, Darren E Campbell, Jonathan C Jackson
Background: Return-to-play protocols describe stepwise, graduated recoveries for safe return from concussion; however, studies that comprehensively track return-to-play time are expensive to administer and heavily sampled from elite male contact-sport athletes. Purpose: To retrospectively assess probable recovery time for collegiate patients to return to play after concussion, especially for understudied populations, such as women and nonelite athletes. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507945/hemoglobin-a1c-targets-for-glycemic-control-with-pharmacologic-therapy-for-nonpregnant-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-guidance-statement-update-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#20
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Devan Kansagara, Carrie Horwitch, Michael J Barry, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians developed this guidance statement to guide clinicians in selecting targets for pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes. Methods: The National Guideline Clearinghouse and the Guidelines International Network library were searched (May 2017) for national guidelines, published in English, that addressed hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) targets for treating type 2 diabetes in nonpregnant outpatient adults. The authors identified guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and the Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
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