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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405802/the-motivational-climate-and-intrinsic-motivation-in-the-rehabilitation-setting
#1
Rachel E Brinkman-Majewski, Windee M Weiss
CONTEXT: The motivational climate created by the athletic trainer in rehabilitation may be critical in influencing athletes' intrinsic motivation and other psychosocial outcomes in the rehabilitation and the recovery process. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine intercollegiate athletes' perceptions of the motivational climate in the rehabilitation setting. Specifically, examining if perceptions of the motivational climate can predict athletes' levels of intrinsic motivation with rehabilitation as well as the relationship between perceptions of the motivational climate and athlete demographics (gender, starter status, athletic trainer gender, etc)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371112/manipulation-and-mobilization-for-treating-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Ian D Coulter, Cindy Crawford, Eric L Hurwitz, Howard Vernon, Raheleh Khorsan, Marika Suttorp Booth, Patricia M Herman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Mobilization and manipulation therapies are widely used to benefit patients with chronic low back pain. However, questions remain about their efficacy, dosing, safety, as well as how these approaches compare to other therapies. PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of various mobilization and manipulation therapies for treatment of chronic low back pain. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis...
January 22, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370832/children-s-parents-and-other-stakeholders-perspectives-on-early-dietary-self-management-to-delay-disease-progression-of-chronic-disease-in-children-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-studies-systematic-review-with-a-narrative-synthesis
#3
Pearl Pugh, Pippa Hemingway, Martin Christian, Gina Higginbottom
BACKGROUND: Chronic disease of childhood may be delayed by early dietary intervention. The purpose of this systematic review is to provide decision-makers with a perspective on the role of early dietary intervention, as a form of self-management, to delay disease progression in children with early chronic disease, as described by children, parents and other stakeholders. METHODS: The study will systematically review empirical research (qualitative, quantitative and mixed method designs), including grey literature, using a narrative synthesis...
January 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360829/long-term-risks-and-benefits-associated-with-cesarean-delivery-for-mother-baby-and-subsequent-pregnancies-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Oonagh E Keag, Jane E Norman, Sarah J Stock
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth rates continue to rise worldwide with recent (2016) reported rates of 24.5% in Western Europe, 32% in North America, and 41% in South America. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the long-term risks and benefits of cesarean delivery for mother, baby, and subsequent pregnancies. The primary maternal outcome was pelvic floor dysfunction, the primary baby outcome was asthma, and the primary subsequent pregnancy outcome was perinatal death. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were systematically searched for published studies in human subjects (last search 25 May 2017), supplemented by manual searches...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344408/differential-research-impact-in-cancer-practice-guidelines-evidence-base-lessons-from-esmo-nice-and-sign
#5
Elena Pallari, Anthony W Fox, Grant Lewison
Background: This is an appraisal of the impact of cited research evidence underpinning the development of cancer clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) by the professional bodies of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Methods: A total of 101 CPGs were identified from ESMO, NICE and SIGN websites across 13 cancer sites. Their 9486 cited references were downloaded from the Web of Science Clarivate Group database, analysed on Excel (2016) using Visual Basic Application macros and imported onto SPSS (V...
2018: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251535/validation-of-the-professional-identity-and-values-scale-among-an-athletic-trainer-population
#6
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, Laura Burton, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Forming a professional identity is a process by which an individual achieves an awareness of his or her own self-concept in with the context of the profession. Identity in relation to an individual's profession includes the ability to articulate the role as a professional and professional philosophy. Professional identity has been studied extensively in other fields, but currently no professional identity scales have been validated within the athletic training profession...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250342/hip-dysplasia-in-wrestlers-three-lessons-learned
#7
J W Thomas Byrd, John C Clohisy, Young-Jo Kim, F Winston Gwathmey, Kay S Jones, Michael B Millis
Hip problems due to dysplasia are commonly associated with female athletes in sports demanding supraphysiologic motion, such as ballet, gymnastics and figure skating. However, hip problems are rarely mentioned among wrestlers, a male sport in which flexibility is advantageous. Dysplasia may have a mostly unrecognized prevalence among wrestlers that can lead to problems and benefit from reorientation periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). Study design in this research is Level 4 evidence case reports. Three consecutive intercollegiate wrestlers ages 20, 21 and 22 years underwent PAO for dysplasia and are reported...
December 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193357/what-phytotherapy-needs-evidence-based-guidelines-for-better-clinical-practice
#8
REVIEW
Cristiano Colalto
In recent decades, the pharmacological properties of numerous medicinal plants and opportunities in phytotherapy have been explored through research projects, reviews, and monographs. These studies confirm that medicinal plants offer new approaches to tackling diseases. However, improvement of phytotherapy in clinical practice relies on a number of critical factors. In particular, the studies are very heterogeneous, and results and their interpretation by healthcare workers vary greatly, so preventing consistency in clinical practice...
November 28, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187522/surgical-academic-reach-the-higher-degree-effect-quantified
#9
Chris Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Charlotte Thomas, John Pollitt, Wyn G Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Proof of professional specific academic attainment is embedded within the Joint Committee on Surgical Training 2013 general surgery curriculum, mandating that all higher general surgical trainees (HST) obtain three peer-reviewed publications to qualify for Certification of Completion of Training. Yet, Modernising Medical Careers (MMC) has been associated with a trend away from the gold standard postgraduate credentials of higher degrees by research. This study aimed to evaluate the academic achievements of a post-MMC UK Deanery HST cohort to determine what additional benefits higher degree study might confer...
November 29, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182375/multilevel-examination-of-job-satisfaction-and-career-intentions-of-collegiate-athletic-trainers-a-quantitative-approach
#10
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, William A Pitney, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Recent employment data from collegiate athletic training settings have demonstrated departure trends among men and women. These trends have been hypothesized to be related to work-life balance. However, work-life balance is only 1 aspect of a myriad of factors. Due to the complex nature of the work-life interface, a multilevel examination is needed to better understand the precipitators of departure. OBJECTIVE:   To quantitatively examine factors that may influence collegiate athletic trainers' (ATs') job satisfaction and career intentions via a multilevel examination of the work-life interface...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170694/the-relationship-between-athletic-identity-and-academic-major-chosen-by-student-athletes
#11
Sayvon J L Foster, Matt R Huml
This study examines the correlation between athletic identity and academic major selection among intercollegiate student-athletes. A thorough review of literature focusing on academic clustering, athletic identity, and academic development leads to the development of two hypotheses - 1) student-athletes with stronger athletic identity will have a declared major of decreased academic rigor; and 2) student-athletes with stronger athletic identity will be more likely to be undecided on their major. Data were collected through a survey administered to Division I, II, and III student-athletes recording academic major and their Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170692/-i-will-change-the-world-the-intersection-of-social-change-and-male-college-athletes-leadership-perspectives
#12
Rhema D Fuller, C Keith Harrison, S Malia Lawrence, Jeff Eyanson, Danielle McArdle
Historically, men have been characterized as task-oriented leaders who are motivated by desires for autonomy, wealth, and power (17, 33). However, these "masculine" views of leadership might not accurately capture the leadership motivations of Millennial males as the views were developed in previous generations (4). Given the commitment of many Millennials towards socially responsible attitudes and behaviors (18, 25), we utilized a qualitative research design to examine the influence of social change on the leadership motivations of Millennial male intercollegiate athletes...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167223/graduate-training-at-the-interface-of-computational-and-experimental-biology-an-outcome-report-from-a-partnership-of-volunteers-between-a-university-and-a-national-laboratory
#13
Albrecht G von Arnim, Anamika Missra
Leading voices in the biological sciences have called for a transformation in graduate education leading to the PhD degree. One area commonly singled out for growth and innovation is cross-training in computational science. In 1998, the University of Tennessee (UT) founded an intercollegiate graduate program called the UT-ORNL Graduate School of Genome Science and Technology in partnership with the nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Here, we report outcome data that attest to the program's effectiveness in graduating computationally enabled biologists for diverse careers...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150464/testosterone-therapy-in-hypogonadal-men-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#14
Jesse Elliott, Shannon E Kelly, Adam C Millar, Joan Peterson, Li Chen, Amy Johnston, Ahmed Kotb, Becky Skidmore, Zemin Bai, Muhammad Mamdani, George A Wells
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative effects of individual testosterone products among hypogonadal men. DESIGN: Systematic review and network meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, and grey literature (25 May 2017) for randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies (NRS) that involved hypogonadal men given testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) for ≥3 months. Comparators were placebo, another TRT, or the same product at a different dose...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138191/evaluation-of-guidelines-regarding-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-using-the-agree-instrument-a-systematic-review
#15
Xin Lei, Fengtao Liu, Shuying Luo, Ya Sun, Liling Zhu, Fengxi Su, Kai Chen, Shunrong Li
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements (CPGs/consensus statements) have been developed for the surgical treatments for breast cancer. This study aims to evaluate the quality of these CPGs/consensus statements. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases, as well as four guideline repositories, to identify CPGs and consensus statements regarding surgical treatments for breast cancer between January 2009 and December 2016...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134456/european-hernia-society-guidelines-on-prevention-and-treatment-of-parastomal-hernias
#16
REVIEW
S A Antoniou, F Agresta, J M Garcia Alamino, D Berger, F Berrevoet, H-T Brandsma, K Bury, J Conze, D Cuccurullo, U A Dietz, R H Fortelny, C Frei-Lanter, B Hansson, F Helgstrand, A Hotouras, A Jänes, L F Kroese, J R Lambrecht, I Kyle-Leinhase, M López-Cano, L Maggiori, V Mandalà, M Miserez, A Montgomery, S Morales-Conde, M Prudhomme, T Rautio, N Smart, M Śmietański, M Szczepkowski, C Stabilini, F E Muysoms
BACKGROUND: International guidelines on the prevention and treatment of parastomal hernias are lacking. The European Hernia Society therefore implemented a Clinical Practice Guideline development project. METHODS: The guidelines development group consisted of general, hernia and colorectal surgeons, a biostatistician and a biologist, from 14 European countries. These guidelines conformed to the AGREE II standards and the GRADE methodology. The databases of MEDLINE, CINAHL, CENTRAL and the gray literature through OpenGrey were searched...
November 13, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102295/which-factors-predict-success-in-the-mandatory-uk-postgraduate-surgical-exam-the-intercollegiate-membership-of-the-royal-college-of-surgeons-mrcs
#17
D S G Scrimgeour, J Cleland, A J Lee, P A Brennan
BACKGROUND: The Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons examination (MRCS, Parts A and B) is one of the largest postgraduate surgical exams in the world, but little is known about the factors that affect candidate performance. We describe the relationship between both parts of MRCS and several independent predictors of MRCS success. METHODS: Pearson correlation coefficients were used to examine the linear relationship between MRCS Part A and B and logistic regression analysis to identify potential independent predictors of MRCS success...
October 25, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101452/compliance-with-the-62-day-target-does-not-improve-long-term-survival
#18
Ronak Patel, John E Anderson, Claire McKenzie, Mhairi Simpson, Nina Singh, Fredrick Ruzvidzo, Praveen Sharma, Roy Scott, Angus MacDonald
AIMS: Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guidelines require patients with colorectal cancer to wait no longer than 62 days from first referral to initiation of definitive treatment. We previously demonstrated that failure to meet with these guidelines did not appear to lead to poor outcomes in the short term. This study investigates whether this holds true over a longer period. METHODS: The survival status of 1,012 patients treated for colorectal cancer between January 1999 and June 2005 was reviewed...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080067/interventions-targeting-the-prescribing-and-monitoring-of-vancomycin-for-hospitalized-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
REVIEW
Cameron J Phillips, Alice J Wisdom, Ross A McKinnon, Richard J Woodman, David L Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Vancomycin remains one of our essential antibiotics after fifty years of treating serious infections such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Vancomycin, unlike many other antibiotic agents, requires individualized dosing and monitoring of serum drug levels to ensure it is efficacious, to minimize toxicity, and to limit the development of antibiotic resistance. These issues have led to numerous vancomycin clinical practice guidelines being published in recent years including several key national guidelines...
October 27, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064908/the-southampton-consensus-guidelines-for-laparoscopic-liver-surgery-from-indication-to-implementation
#20
Mohammad Abu Hilal, Luca Aldrighetti, Ibrahim Dagher, Bjorn Edwin, Roberto Ivan Troisi, Ruslan Alikhanov, Somaiah Aroori, Giulio Belli, Marc Besselink, Javier Briceno, Brice Gayet, Mathieu D'Hondt, Mickael Lesurtel, Krishna Menon, Peter Lodge, Fernando Rotellar, Julio Santoyo, Olivier Scatton, Olivier Soubrane, Robert Sutcliffe, Ronald Van Dam, Steve White, Mark Christopher Halls, Federica Cipriani, Marcel Van der Poel, Ruben Ciria, Leonid Barkhatov, Yrene Gomez-Luque, Sira Ocana-Garcia, Andrew Cook, Joseph Buell, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Christos Dervenis, Giuseppe Fusai, David Geller, Hauke Lang, John Primrose, Mark Taylor, Thomas Van Gulik, Go Wakabayashi, Horacio Asbun, Daniel Cherqui
OBJECTIVE: The European Guidelines Meeting on Laparoscopic Liver Surgery was held in Southampton on February 10 and 11, 2017 with the aim of presenting and validating clinical practice guidelines for laparoscopic liver surgery. BACKGROUND: The exponential growth of laparoscopic liver surgery in recent years mandates the development of clinical practice guidelines to direct the speciality's continued safe progression and dissemination. METHODS: A unique approach to the development of clinical guidelines was adopted...
October 23, 2017: Annals of Surgery
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