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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072795/treatment-outcomes-for-patients-with-failed-back-surgery
#1
Jae Hwan Cho, Jae Hyup Lee, Kwang Sup Song, Jae-Young Hong, Yoon-Suk Joo, Dong-Ho Lee, Chang Ju Hwang, Choon Sung Lee
BACKGROUND: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a frequently encountered disease entity following lumbar spinal surgery. Although many plausible reasons have been investigated, the exact pathophysiology remains unknown. Various medications, reoperations, interventions such as spinal cord stimulation, epidural adhesiolysis or epidural injection, exercise therapy, and psychotherapy have been suggested treatment options. However, the evidence of the clinical outcome for each treatment has not been clearly determined...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#2
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992281/analysis-of-gauntlet-test-performance-and-injury-risk-in-intercollegiate-division-i-female-soccer-football-players-a-retrospective-study
#3
Brandon M Ness, Kory Zimney, William E Schweinle
CONTEXT: Injury risk factors and relevant assessments have been identified in women's soccer athletes. Other tests assess fitness, e.g. the Gauntlet Test (GT). However, little empirical support exists for the utility of the GT to predict time loss injury. OBJECTIVES: To examine the GT as a predictor of injury in intercollegiate Division I female soccer athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective, non-experimental descriptive cohort study. SETTING: College athletic facilities...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927115/experiences-of-caring-for-infants-with-severe-bronchiolitis
#4
(no author information available yet)
Background Common in children under two years, bronchiolitis is usually caused by respiratory syncytial virus (Jhawar 2003). Symptoms are usually self-limiting although some children develop respiratory distress requiring hospitalisation (Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network 2006). Supplemental oxygen, fluid support and ventilator assistance may also be necessary. In cases of moderately severe bronchiolitis, oxygen can be delivered through a head box, but some hospitals deliver high-flow oxygen therapy with nasal prongs to treat respiratory distress...
December 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926615/coronary-artery-evaluation-by-screening-echocardiogram-in-intercollegiate-athletes
#5
Walter J Hoyt, Peter N Dean, Daniel S Schneider, Mark R Conaway, Christopher M Kramer, Robert W Battle
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery anomalies are the second most common congenital cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young athletes. Some centers have advocated for limited transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) protocols in the screening of college athletes, which may miss important causes of SCD. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ability of screening TTE to determine origin and proximal course of the coronary arteries in intercollegiate athletes...
December 6, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884917/managing-barriers-to-empathy-in-the-clinical-encounter-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-gps
#6
Frans Awm Derksen, Tim C Olde Hartman, Jozien M Bensing, Antoine Lm Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Current daily general practice has become increasingly technical and somatically oriented (where attention to patients' feelings is decreased) due to an increase in protocol-based guidelines. Priorities in GP-patient communication have shifted from a focus on listening and empathy to task-oriented communication. AIM: To explore what barriers GPs experience when applying empathy in daily practice, and how these barriers are managed. DESIGN AND SETTING: Thirty Dutch GPs with sufficient heterogeneity in sex, age, type of practice, and rural or urban setting were interviewed...
2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875057/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-preventing-and-managing-sport-related-dental-and-oral-injuries
#7
Trenton E Gould, Scott G Piland, Shane V Caswell, Dennis Ranalli, Stephen Mills, Michael S Ferrara, Ron Courson
OBJECTIVE: To provide athletic trainers, health care professionals, and all those responsible for the care of athletes with clinical recommendations for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries. BACKGROUND: Participation in competitive sports continues to grow at both the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels. Therefore, exposure to, and the incidence of athletic-related injury, including orofacial injury, will also likely increase. At the time of this writing, the leading governing agencies for interscholastic (National Federation of State High School Associations) and intercollegiate (National Collegiate Athletic Association) sports require only protective orofacial equipment (eg, mouthguards) for 5 and 4, respectively, of their sanctioned sports...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865945/episiotomy-in-vacuum-assisted-delivery-affects-the-risk-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Ninna S Lund, Lisa K G Persson, Hanna Jangö, Ditte Gommesen, Hanne B Westergaard
The risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) is increased in vacuum-assisted delivery. However, it remains unclear whether episiotomy may protect against OASIS in this type of delivery. The objective of this study was to assess whether mediolateral or lateral episiotomy affects the risk of OASIS in vacuum-assisted delivery among primiparous women. Data were found searching The PubMed, Cochrane library and Embase databases electronically. Studies investigating the risk of OASIS in vacuum-assisted delivery with and without the use of mediolateral or lateral episiotomy were considered for inclusion...
December 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834613/patient-outcomes-utilizing-the-mulligan-concept-of-mwm-to-treat-intercollegiate-patients-diagnosed-with-lateral-ankle-sprain-an-a-priori-case-series
#9
James M May, Alan Nasypany, Julie Paolino, Russell Baker, Jeffrey Seegmiller
CONTEXT: While the incidence and re-injury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept MWM while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834507/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-the-supervisor-s-role-in-professional-socialization-part-ii
#10
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT: Many new athletic trainers (ATs) obtain graduate-assistant (GA) positions to gain more experience and professional development while being mentored by a veteran AT; however, GA ATs' perceptions of the supervisor's role in professional development are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the supervisor's role in the professional development of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Phone interviews...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831745/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-professional-socialization-in-the-collegiate-setting-part-i
#11
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT: Many newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) pursue graduate assistantships, which allow them to gain experience while being supervised by an experienced AT. The graduate-assistant (GA) ATs' perception of their socialization process into the collegiate setting is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the professional socialization of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Phone interviews...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822149/increasing-number-of-databases-searched-in-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-between-1994-and-2014
#12
Michael T Lam, Mary McDiarmid
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the number of bibliographic databases used to search the health sciences literature in individual systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) changed over a twenty-year period related to the official 1995 launch of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR). METHODS: Ovid MEDLINE was searched using a modified version of a strategy developed by the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network to identify SRs and MAs...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769215/eye-movements-in-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#13
Britta Kristina Ischebeck, Jurryt de Vries, Jos N Van der Geest, Malou Janssen, Jan Paul Van Wingerden, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Maarten A Frens
BACKGROUND: Many people with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) report problems with vision, some of which may be due to impaired eye movements. Better understanding of such impaired eye movements could improve diagnostics and treatment strategies. This systematic review surveys the current evidence on changes in eye movements of patients with WAD and explains how the oculomotor system is tested. METHODS: Nine electronic data bases were searched for relevant articles from inception until September 2015...
October 21, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737638/severity-and-management-of-psoriasis-within-primary-care
#14
Alan G Wade, Gordon M Crawford, David Young, Joyce Leman, Neil Pumford
BACKGROUND: Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and National Institute of Health and Care Excellence guidelines stress the importance of assessing patients with psoriasis for psoriatic arthritis, comorbidities associated with severe disease and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the primary care management of psoriasis in relation to disease severity and QoL from a patient's perspective. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of adults (≥18 years) with psoriasis managed in primary care was conducted in Scotland over 1-year (2012-2013)...
October 14, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729695/critical-appraisal-of-published-literature
#15
Goneppanavar Umesh, John George Karippacheril, Rahul Magazine
With a large output of medical literature coming out every year, it is impossible for readers to read every article. Critical appraisal of scientific literature is an important skill to be mastered not only by academic medical professionals but also by those involved in clinical practice. Before incorporating changes into the management of their patients, a thorough evaluation of the current or published literature is an important step in clinical practice. It is necessary for assessing the published literature for its scientific validity and generalizability to the specific patient community and reader's work environment...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651907/step-4-stick-or-twist-a-review-of-asthma-therapy
#16
Mariel G Slater, Ian D Pavord, Dominick E Shaw
Many people with asthma do not achieve disease control, despite bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroid therapy. People with uncontrolled asthma are at higher risk of an asthma attack and death, with mortality rates estimated at 1000 deaths/year in England and Wales. The recent National Review of Asthma Deaths (NRAD) report, 'Why asthma still kills', recommended that patients at step 4 or 5 of the British Thoracic Society/Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (BTS/SIGN) guidance must be referred to a specialist asthma service...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646712/predictors-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-infection-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Benhildah N Rumbwere Dube, Tom P Marshall, Ronan P Ryan
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapies for human immunodeficiency virus are more effective if infected individuals are diagnosed early, before they have irreversible immunologic damage. A large proportion of patients that are diagnosed with HIV, in United Kingdom, would have seen a general practitioner (GP) within the previous year. Determining the demographic and clinical characteristics of HIV-infected patients prior to diagnosis of HIV may be useful in identifying patients likely to be HIV positive in primary care...
September 20, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626012/adaptation-of-traumatic-brain-injury-guidelines-in-iran
#18
REVIEW
Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Seyed Mohammad Ghodsi, Jalil Arabkheradmand, Abbas Amirjamshidi, Abdolreza Sheikhrezaei, Masoud Khadivi, Morteza Faghih Jouibari, Seyed Mahmood Tabatabaeifar, Guive Sharifi, Jalal Abbaszadeh Ahranjani, Farhad Motlagh Pirooz, Seyed Fakhredin Tavakoli, Parviz Mohit, Yadollah Alimohammadi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
CONTEXT: The National institute for health and care excellence (NICE) and scottish intercollegiate guidelines network (SIGN) are two well-known sources of clinical guideline development. In the past years, they have developed clinical guidelines for the management of head injury. In this report, we will highlight our modifications to these guidelines according to the domestic situation in a developing country. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The guidelines were appraised using the appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation (AGREE) instrument...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615038/-stimulation-oriented-interventions-for-behavioral-problems-among-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Eun Young Kim, Sung Dong Hwang, Eun Joo Kim
PURPOSE: This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis designed to investigate the effects of stimulation-oriented interventions for behavioral problems among people with dementia. METHODS: Based on the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA), a literature search was conducted using seven electronic databases, gray literature, and other sources. Methodological quality was assessed using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610218/factors-affecting-return-to-work-after-injury-or-illness-best-evidence-synthesis-of-systematic-reviews
#20
REVIEW
Carol Cancelliere, James Donovan, Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Melissa Biscardi, Carlo Ammendolia, Corrie Myburgh, J David Cassidy
BACKGROUND: Work disability is a major personal, financial and public health burden. Predicting future work success is a major focus of research. OBJECTIVES: To identify common prognostic factors for return-to-work across different health and injury conditions and to describe their association with return-to-work outcomes. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, Cinahl, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the grey literature were searched from January 1, 2004 to September 1, 2013...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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