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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144628/overactive-bladder-syndrome-and-bladder-wall-thickness-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#1
Zahide Yilmaz, Bekir Voyvoda, Pinar Bekdik Şirinocak
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the presence of overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome, nocturia, urgency, and urge incontinence in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and measure bladder wall thickness (BWT) in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient group was composed of 38 patients with OSAS. The control group was composed of 15 healthy individuals. All patients were evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS)...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144006/behavioral-outcomes-of-a-novel-pelvic-nerve-damage-rat-model-of-fecal-incontinence
#2
P T J Janssen, S O Breukink, J Melenhorst, L P S Stassen, N D Bouvy, Y Temel, A Jahanshahi
BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence (FI) has a multifactorial pathophysiology with a severe social impact. The most common cause for FI is pudendal nerve damage, which mostly occurs in women during or after labor. A better understanding of the pathophysiology is required to optimize treatment of FI. In this study, we evaluate the use of a novel pelvic nerve damage rat model of FI. METHODS: This new model simulates the forces on the pelvic floor during labor by prolonged transvaginal, retro-uterine intrapelvic balloon distention in female rats...
November 16, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143807/urinary-incontinence-in-women
#3
Yoshitaka Aoki, Heidi W Brown, Linda Brubaker, Jean Nicolas Cornu, J Oliver Daly, Rufus Cartwright
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nrdp.2017.42.
November 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143573/current-treatment-concepts-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#4
Oliver Rautenberg, Irena Zivanovic, Jacek Kociszewski, Andrzej Kuszka, Julia Münst, Lilly Eisele, Nicole Viereck, Claudia Walser, Marianne Gamper, Volker Viereck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141805/treating-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-with-antidepressants-a-brief-review-of-clinical-trials-and-exploration-of-clinical-symptoms-to-guide-treatment-decisions
#5
REVIEW
Nabeela Nathoo, Aaron Mackie
Depression is a common comorbidity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Those with MS and concurrent depression have poorer quality of life and are also less likely to be compliant with disease-modifying treatment, which may ultimately affect their MS disease course. Treating depression in MS with pharmacological agents can improve not only depression, but may also impact the MS disease course. However, no guidelines exist around treating depression in MS. Few randomized-controlled trials using antidepressants in MS exist...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140974/physician-patient-communication-about-overactive-bladder-results-of-an-observational-sociolinguistic-study
#6
Steven R Hahn, Pamela Bradt, Kathleen A Hewett, Daniel B Ng
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder (OAB) and urinary incontinence are common problems that have significant impact on quality of life (QOL). Less than half of sufferers seek help from their physicians; many who do are dissatisfied with treatment and their physicians' understanding of their problems. Little is known about the sociolinguistic characteristics of physician-patient communication about OAB in community practice. METHODS: An IRB-approved observational sociolinguistic study of dialogues between patients with OAB and treating physicians was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140894/incontinence-associated-dermatitis-and-immobility-as-pressure-injury-risk-factors-a-multisite-epidemiologic-analysis
#7
Mikel Gray, Karen K Giuliano
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) among incontinent persons in the acute care setting, characteristics of IAD in this group, and associations among IAD, urinary, fecal, and dual incontinence, immobility, and pressure injury in the sacral area. DESIGN: Descriptive and correlational analysis of data from a large database of IAD, and pressure injuries of sacral area and heels. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The sample comprised 5342 adult patients in acute care facilities in 36 states representing all regions of the United States...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140559/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-solifenacin-5%C3%A2-mg-day-versus-other-oral-antimuscarinic-agents-in-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-literature-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#8
Jameel Nazir, Con Kelleher, Samuel Aballéa, Khaled Maman, Zalmai Hakimi, Colette Mankowski, Isaac Odeyemi
AIMS: To compare efficacy and tolerability of solifenacin 5 mg/day versus other oral antimuscarinic agents for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Literature searches of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were undertaken to identify randomized controlled trials in OAB (2000-2015) for antimuscarinic agents. A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed to estimate efficacy and tolerability outcomes for solifenacin 5 mg/day relative to other antimuscarinics...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140545/neobladder-vaginal-fistula-the-university-of-southern-california-experience
#9
Shilo Rosenberg, Gus Miranda, David A Ginsberg
AIMS: The use of orthotropic neobladder (ONB) construction in women has increased in popularity. With increasing numbers so have complications distinct to this procedure. Neobladder vaginal fistula (NVF) is a rare but challenging complication. We present our experience correcting this problem. METHODS: An IRB approved database of female patients with an ONB was retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a history of NVF were identified and charts reviewed. Our standard technique of radical cystectomy and orthotopic diversion in female patients includes interposition of omentum between the neobladder and anterior vaginal wall and sacrocolpopexy...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139310/pudendal-nerve-injury-impairs-anorectal-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-measures-%C3%A2-2-years-after-3d-conformal-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#10
Eng Eric Yeoh, Rochelle Botten, Addolorata Di Matteo, Marcus Tippett, Jonathon Hutton, Robert Fraser, Phillip G Dinning, David Wattchow
PURPOSE: To compare GI symptoms, measures of generic and disease specific health related quality of life (HRQoL), anorectal and pudendal nerve function and anal sphincter morphology between (i) patients ≥2 years after 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT)±high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for carcinoma of the prostate and aged matched patients before radiotherapy and (ii) symptomatic and asymptomatic patients ≥2 years after 3D-CRT ± HDR brachytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methodology included: (i) modified LENT-SOMA scales for GI symptoms, (ii) EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-PR25 questionnaires for generic and disease specific HRQoL, (iii) anorectal manometry and terminal motor latency for anorectal and pudendal nerve function and (iv) endorectal ultrasound for anal sphincter morphology...
November 15, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138041/attendance-at-prescribed-pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-in-a-diverse-urban-urogynecology-population
#11
M B Shannon, M Genereux, C Brincat, W Adams, L Brubaker, E R Mueller, C M Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) is a common and effective treatment for several pelvic floor disorders, but there is limited knowledge about adherence to the therapy or what factors influence attendance. OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of PFPT attendance (initiation and completion) as well as correlates of PFPT attendance. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Urban outpatient clinics at a tertiary medical center treating women with pelvic floor disorders...
November 11, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137805/duhamel-operation-vs-transanal-endorectal-pull-through-procedure-for-hirschsprung-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yong-Zhong Mao, Shao-Tao Tang, Shuai Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare treatment outcomes in children with Hirschsprung's disease who underwent treatment using the Duhamel or TERPT surgical procedures. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched through December 26, 2016. Search strings included Hirschsprung's disease, fecal incontinence, transanal endorectal pull-through, and Duhamel operation. Randomized controlled studies (RCTs) and retrospective studies that compared the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease in with TERPT or Duhamel surgical procedures in neonates, infants, or children were included...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135810/can-urodynamic-parameters-predict-sling-revision-for-voiding-dysfunction-in-women-undergoing-synthetic-midurethral-sling-placement
#13
Brian J Linder, Emanuel C Trabuco, John B Gebhart, Christopher J Klingele, John A Occhino, Daniel S Elliott, Deborah J Lightner
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the utility of urodynamic studies performed before primary midurethral sling placement for stress urinary incontinence in predicting the need for subsequent sling release for voiding dysfunction. METHODS: The health records of women managed with primary synthetic midurethral sling placement at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN) from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2012, were reviewed. The primary outcome was surgical sling release for postoperative voiding dysfunction (ie, prolonged retention, elevated postvoid residual volumes with new voiding symptoms, or de novo onset or worsening of overactive bladder symptoms)...
November 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135411/costs-analysis-of-surgical-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-a-brazilian-public-hospital-comparing-burch-and-synthetic-sling-techniques
#14
Leo Francisco Limberger, Fernanda Pacheco Faria, Luciana Silveira Campos, Karin Marise Jaeger Anzolch, Alexandre Fornari
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of urinary incontinence progressed significantly with the introduction of synthetic slings. However, in some public Brazilian hospitals, the costs of these materials prevent their routine use. OBJECTIVE: To compare the costs of ambulatory synthetic sling surgery with an historical series of patients submitted to Burch surgery in a Brazilian public hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty nine incontinent patients were selected to synthetic sling surgery...
November 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135146/-laparoscopic-heminephrureterectomy-for-duplex-kidney-in-children
#15
I M Kagantsov, V V Sizonov, V I Dubrov, S G Bon-Darenko, N R Akramov, O S Shmyrov, G I Kuzovleva, N V Markov, D E Sablin, R V Surov, A V Pirogov, A A Logval
INTRODUCTION: Duplication of the upper urinary tract is one of the most common congenital urological anomalies. In patients with critically decreased or lost function of one of the renal segments, heminephrureterectomy is usually the treatment of choice. Until recently, this was an open surgery; in cases of complete removal of the ureter, an additional incision in the iliac region was required. Currently, heminephrureterectomy is increasingly performed laparoscopically. We report the experience in laparoscopic heminephrureterectomy (LHNUE) in 10 clinics in Russia and Belarus...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135136/-structural-morphological-changes-of-the-connective-tissue-of-the-vaginal-mucosa-and-perineal-skin-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#16
V N Pavlov, A G Yashchuk, A A Kazikhinurov, I I Musin, R M Zauinullina, V A Kulavskii, A A Kazikhinurova
AIM: To investigate the morphological and structural changes in the connective tissue of the vaginal mucosa and perineal skin in women with stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2013, 71 patients of reproductive age with stress incontinence were observed. The control group comprised 80 women, who also underwent biopsy of the vaginal mucosa and perineal skin. The sections of specimens were stained by Van Gieson, Mallory and Weigert. In immunohistochemical studies, rabbit antibodies specific for collagen types I, III, and IV were placed on each section...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134243/-implants-for-genital-prolapse-pro-mesh-surgery
#17
REVIEW
J Neymeyer, D-E Moldovan, K Kornienko, K Miller, A Weichert
There has been an overall increase in pelvic organ prolapse due to demographic changes (increased life expectancy). Increasing sociocultural demands of women require treatments that are more effective with methods that are more successful. In the treatment of pelvic floor insufficiency and uterovaginal prolapse, pelvic floor reconstructions with mesh implants have proven to be superior to conventional methods such as the classic colporrhaphy, reconstructions with biomaterial, and native tissue repair in appropriately selected patients and when applying exact operation techniques, especially because of good long-term results and low recurrence rates...
November 13, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133940/stimulators-and-activators-of-soluble-guanylate-cyclase-for-urogenital-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Fabiola Z Mónica, Edson Antunes
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), comprising storage (such as urinary incontinence and urinary frequency), voiding, and postmicturition symptoms, are highly prevalent conditions that affect millions of people worldwide. LUTS have a profound effect on quality of life and are a considerable cost to health care systems. In men specifically, BPH commonly leads to LUTS. Clinical studies also show an association of LUTS with erectile dysfunction (ED). Nitric oxide (NO) has long been recognized as an important nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) transmitter in bladder, urethra, prostate, and corpus cavernosum smooth muscle...
November 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132933/long-term-follow-up-of-the-advance-%C3%A2-advancexp-%C3%A2-sling-what-are-the-surgeons-impressions-what-are-the-patients
#19
A Romero Hoyuela, L Reina Alcaina, E Izquierdo Morejon, A Rosino Sanchez, C Carrillo George, A Rivero Guerra, I Barcelo Bayonas, A Pardo Martinez, V Muñoz Guillermo, B Pietricica, T Fernandez Aparicio, G Hita Villaplana, B Miñana Lopez
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the safety, efficacy and quality of life of patients with male stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy treated with the AdVance(®) and AdvanceXP(®) slings. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The study included 92 patients with stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy treated with the AdVance(®) and AdVanceXP(®) sling between May 2008 and December 2015. A perineal repositioning test was performed in all cases with sphincter coaptation of≥1...
November 10, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132305/associations-between-skin-barrier-characteristics-skin-conditions-and-health-of-aged-nursing-home-residents-a-multi-center-prevalence-and-correlational-study
#20
Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients are affected by a range of skin conditions and dermatological diseases, functional limitations and chronic diseases. Skin problems are highly prevalent in elderly populations. Aim of this study was to investigate possible associations between health, functional and cutaneous variables in aged long-term care residents. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional, descriptive prevalence study was conducted in a random sample of 10 institutional long-term care facilities in Berlin...
November 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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