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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527121/brief-biofeedback-intervention-on-anxious-freshman-university-students
#1
Paulo Chaló, Anabela Pereira, Patrícia Batista, Luis Sancho
The increasing number of mental health disorders on university students represents a growing problem with negative impact on this population. Stress and anxiety issues are two of most predominant problems in this population and most campus health services have limited resources to face them. Research has provided evidence about biofeedback effectiveness. This study aims to verify the impact of a short duration biofeedback programme on freshmen university students with high levels of anxiety. A sample of 50 first-year students, with scores above percentile of 75 on STAI Y-2 were randomly selected and divided into two groups...
May 19, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#2
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526392/susceptibility-to-tobacco-product-use-among-youth-in-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#4
Dennis R Trinidad, John P Pierce, James D Sargent, Martha M White, David R Strong, David B Portnoy, Victoria R Green, Cassandra A Stanton, Kelvin Choi, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Yuyan Shi, Jennifer Pearson, Annette R Kaufman, Nicolette Borek, Blair N Coleman, Andrew Hyland, Charles Carusi, Sheila Kealey, Eric Leas, Madison Noble, Karen Messer
The purpose of this study was to investigate susceptibility and ever use of tobacco products among adolescents and young adults in the US. Cross-sectional analysis of Wave 1(2013-2014) adolescent (12-17year-olds; n=13,651) and young adult (18-24year-olds; n=9112) data from the nationally-representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study was conducted. At 12years, 5% were ever tobacco users and 36% were susceptible to use. Seventy percent were susceptible at age 17years, and the same proportion were ever users at age 22years...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525995/do-socio-cultural-factors-influence-college-students-self-rated-health-status-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study-in-dalian-china
#5
Sainyugu Lolokote, Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Xiaofeng Li
BACKGROUND: An unhealthy lifestyle of college students is an important public health concern, but few studies have been undertaken to examine the role of socio-cultural differences. METHODS: For this cross-sectional comparative study, data on college students' health-promoting lifestyles (HPL), as measured using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) scale, and self-rated health status (SRH) as measured by Sub-Optimal Health Measurement Scale (SHMS V1...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525431/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-prenursing-and-nursing-students-about-sexual-assault
#6
Judith L Strunk
Sexual assault has been identified as a major public health problem in the United States, yet little research has been done regarding nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault. Lack of knowledge, or victim-blaming attitudes held by healthcare providers can be problematic for the care of the sexual assault victim, leaving them feeling upset and distressed after the healthcare encounter. Prenursing and nursing students were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524027/-effect-of-chest-physiotherapy-in-patients-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hui Zeng, Zhen Zhang, Yuan Gong, Miao Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of chest physiotherapy (CPT) on patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Sixty-eight adult patients undergoing invasive MV over 48 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College from December 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into CPT group (n = 37) and control group (n = 31) by random number table...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523045/frequency-of-nutritional-anemia-among-female-medical-students-of-faisalabad
#8
Shireen Jawed, Sundus Tariq, Saba Tariq, Anwar Kamal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anemia is a common health problem worldwide. This problem is most commonly faced by 18 to 25 years of females. Medical students especially female hostelites poses high risk of anemia because of their poor eating habits, breakfast skipping, long schedule in college, burden of medical studies, clinical postings, and extra-curricular activities. Therefore the current study was designed to determine the hemoglobin status in young female medical students. We also elucidate its association with BMI...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521065/eelab-an-innovative-educational-resource-in-occupational-medicine
#9
A Y Zhou, J Dodman, L Hussey, D Sen, C Rayner, N Zarin, R Agius
Background: Postgraduate education, training and clinical governance in occupational medicine (OM) require easily accessible yet rigorous, research and evidence-based tools based on actual clinical practice. Aims: To develop and evaluate an online resource helping physicians develop their OM skills using their own cases of work-related ill-health (WRIH). Methods: WRIH data reported by general practitioners (GPs) to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network were used to identify common OM clinical problems, their reported causes and management...
May 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520804/inpatient-z-drug-use-commonly-exceeds-safe-dosing-recommendations
#10
Todd C Lee, André Bonnici, Robyn Tamblyn, Emily G McDonald
IMPORTANCE: In 2016 recommendations for safer prescribing practices were circulated to all doctors in one of Canada's largest provinces, by the college of physicians, following a coroner's inquest into a vehicular death related to Z-drug use. We sought to determine how frequently Z-drug prescriptions in our institution were not adhering to these recommendations. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: McGill University Health Centre, an 832-bed tertiary care institution in Montréal, Canada...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520490/contextualizing-the-social-determinants-of-health-disparities-in-disability-by-educational-attainment-across-us-states
#11
Jennifer Karas Montez, Anna Zajacova, Mark D Hayward
OBJECTIVES: To examine how disparities in adult disability by educational attainment vary across US states. METHODS: We used the nationally representative data of more than 6 million adults aged 45 to 89 years in the 2010-2014 American Community Survey. We defined disability as difficulty with activities of daily living. We categorized education as low (less than high school), mid (high school or some college), or high (bachelor's or higher). We estimated age-standardized disability prevalence by educational attainment and state...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517941/cognitive-and-affective-factors-predicting-daily-somatic-complaints-in-college-students
#12
Garry L Spink, Randall S Jorgensen, Stephanie Cristiano
Evidence suggests that cumulative somatic complaints predict health care utilization in college students. The symptom perception hypothesis and the response expectancy theory are 2 theories concerning the generation of somatic complaints. The symptom perception hypothesis suggests that negative affect influences daily somatic complaints, whereas the response expectancy theory surmises somatic complaint generation relates to response expectancies. Some evidence suggests that understanding the complex interplay of these factors may enhance prediction of daily somatic complaints...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516733/the-interactive-role-of-eating-regulation-and-stress-in-the-prediction-of-weight-related-outcomes-among-college-students
#13
Dilbur D Arsiwalla, Amanda W Arnold, Karla P Teel, Pamela V Ulrich, Sareen S Gropper
The interactive role of eating regulation and perceived stress on weight-related outcomes was examined among 319 sophomore year college students (110 males and 209 females). Moderated regressions were used to examine interactions between stress and eating regulation on study outcomes including body mass index (BMI) and body fat. Eating regulation moderated associations between stress and BMI and body fat outcomes. Students reporting high perceived stress, high autonomous eating regulation, low controlled regulation, and low amotivation exhibited higher outcomes (BMI and body fat) than those with similar eating regulation but lower perceived stress...
May 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516347/uniting-the-pre-health-humanities-with-the-introductory-composition-course
#14
Amy Rubens
Drawing on my experiences at a teaching-focused university, I show how locating the health humanities in first-year or introductory composition courses improves learning and offers an economical, flexible, and far-reaching approach to bringing a health humanities education to all baccalaureate-level learners, regardless of whether they aspire to careers in the health professions. In terms of improving learning, health humanities composition courses support the disciplinary aims of both fields. Accessible, relevant issues in the health humanities, such as interventions in health debates or representations of illness and healthcare settings, nourish the cognitive and social conditions needed to develop college-level writing skills...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515838/passion-for-academics-and-problematic-health-behaviors
#15
Alexander T Bureau, Selen Razon, Bryan K Saville, Umit Tokac, Lawrence W Judge
According to the Dualistic Model of Passion (39), passion entails valuing, liking, and spending time on an activity. The Dualistic Model also posits two types of passion for activities: harmonious passion (individual voluntarily engages in the activity) and obsessive passion (individual is compelled to engage in the activity). The purpose of the present study was to examine the possible links between college students' passion for academic activities and problematic health behaviors including smoking, excessive drinking, exercise addiction, disordered eating, and sleepiness, which is a possible indicator of sleep deprivation...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515836/college-students-knowledge-of-recovery-beverage-serving-sizes
#16
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515831/the-relationship-of-living-environment-with-behavioral-and-fitness-outcomes-by-sex-an-exploratory-study-in-college-aged-students
#17
Kaelah Shaffer, Melissa Bopp, Zack Papalia, Dangaia Sims, Christopher M Bopp
Although physical activity (PA) is associated with several health benefits, there is a marked decline during college years, which is an influential period for the development of health behaviors. This study examined the relationship of neighborhood and living environment with behavioral (PA and sedentary behavior) and fitness outcomes by sex. Participants were college students that participated in a fitness assessment, followed by a survey that measured self-reported exercise and perception of one's environment (sidewalks, crime, traffic, access to PA resources in their neighborhood and/or apartment complex)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515586/utility-of-supplemental-screening-with-breast-ultrasound-in-asymptomatic-women-with-dense-breast-tissue-who-are-not-at-high-risk-for-breast-cancer
#18
Geetika A Klevos, Fernando Collado-Mesa, Jose M Net, Monica M Yepes
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of an initial round of supplemental screening with hand-held bilateral breast ultrasound following a negative screening mammogram in asymptomatic women with dense breast tissue who are not at high risk for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, Institutional Research Board approved study was performed at a single academic tertiary breast center. Informed consent was waived...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515552/the-influence-of-psychosocial-dysfunctions-in-chronic-schizophrenia-patients-in-remission-a-hospital-based-study
#19
Sarada Prasanna Swain, Sushree Sangita Behura, Manoj Kumar Dash, Anil Kumar Nayak, Saswati Sucharita Pati
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial dysfunctions in the various psychosocial areas in chronic schizophrenic patients predict the long-term course, outcome, and quality of life of these patients, which always varies with years of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To know the influence and compare the level of psychosocial dysfunctions and severity of disability burden in chronic schizophrenic patients who are in remission with duration of 5 and 20 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample was collected from the OPD of Mental Health Institute (COE), S...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512697/utilization-of-genetic-counseling-after-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-findings-from-the-impact-of-personal-genomics-pgen-study
#20
Diane R Koeller, Wendy R Uhlmann, Deanna Alexis Carere, Robert C Green, J Scott Roberts
Direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing (DTC-PGT) results lead some individuals to seek genetic counseling (GC), but little is known about these consumers and why they seek GC services. We analyzed survey data pre- and post-PGT from 1026 23andMe and Pathway Genomics customers. Participants were mostly white (91%), female (60%), and of high socioeconomic status (80% college educated, 43% household income of ≥$100,000). After receiving PGT results, 43 participants (4%) made or planned to schedule an appointment with a genetic counselor; 390 (38%) would have used in-person GC had it been available...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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