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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231492/family-history-density-of-substance-use-problems-among-undergraduate-college-students-associations-with-heavy-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#1
Gregory Powers, Lisa Berger, Daniel Fuhrmann, Michael Fendrich
PURPOSE: A family history of alcoholism has been found associated with problematic alcohol use among college students, but less research has examined the effects of family history density of substance use problems in this population. This study examined the prevalence of family history density of substance use problems and its associations with heavy alcohol use, negative alcohol consequences, and alcohol use disorder in a college sample. METHODS: Based on a secondary analysis of a probability sample, data were analyzed from 606 undergraduate students...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#2
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230451/positive-medication-changes-resulting-from-comprehensive-and-noncomprehensive-medication-reviews-in-a-medicare-part-d-population
#3
Allison Buhl, Jill Augustine, Ann M Taylor, Rose Martin, Terri L Warholak
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations face the challenge of reducing costs while improving health outcomes. Currently, more than 39 million seniors are enrolled in a Medicare Part D prescription benefit plan, many of whom also qualify for medication therapy management (MTM) services. MTM programs provide valuable services designed to prevent or resolve medication-related problems (MRPs). Two core components of all MTM programs include comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) with followup interventions and focused non-CMR interventions...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228115/weight-loss-and-exercise-for-communities-with-arthritis-in-north-carolina-we-can-design-and-rationale-of-a-pragmatic-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Stephen P Messier, Leigh F Callahan, Daniel P Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz, Richard F Loeser, Sara A Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) than either intervention alone. Compared to previous long-term weight loss and exercise trials of knee OA, our intensive diet-induced weight loss and exercise intervention was twice as effective at reducing pain intensity. Whether these results can be generalized to less intensively monitored cohorts is unknown...
February 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227469/building-a-more-diverse-biomedical-engineering-workforce-biomedical-engineering-at-the-university-of-the-district-of-columbia-a-historically-black-college-university
#5
Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty, Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty, A Segun Adebayo, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Lara A Thompson, Devdas Shetty, Nian Zhang
Biomedical Engineering (BME) is a new, multidisciplinary, and rapidly growing field, however, the BME Workforce suffers from limited ethnic and gender diversity. Despite the demand and growth of this new field due to its public health importance, only 4 out of the 107 Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) nationwide offers a Bachelor's of Science (B.S.) in Bio-Engineering related fields. In order to contribute to a growing BME Workforce, HBCUs need to react and offer more degree-programs relevant to BME...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227153/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#6
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Janine Kesterson, Bala Natarajan, David Thompson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Kim Fowler, Jack Xin, Punit Prakash, Charles Carlson, Wayne Piersel
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225731/queer-frontiers-in-medicine-a-structural-competency-approach
#7
Cameron A Donald, Sayantani DasGupta, Jonathan M Metzl, Kristen L Eckstrand
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published a report proposing qualifiers of competence to guide medical educators towards training physicians to appropriately care for individuals who are or may be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT); gender nonconforming (GNC); and/or born with differences in sex development (DSD). These qualifiers provide content and context to an existing framework heavily used in competency-based medical education, emphasizing individual and interpersonal abilities to enhance care delivered to individuals identifying as LGBT, GNC, and/or born with DSD...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224453/national-estimates-and-correlates-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-us-cancer-survivors
#8
Taghrid Asfar, Kristopher L Arheart, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Margaret M Byrne, Noella A Dietz, Charles Jeng Chen, David J Lee
PURPOSE: Cancer survivors comprise a vulnerable population for exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). This study examined and compared the prevalence, time trends, and predictors of SHS exposure between nonsmoking adult cancer survivors and nonsmoking adults without cancer history (control group). METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2001-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (survivors: n = 2168; controls: n = 19,436). All adults ≥20 years of age who reported not smoking and had a serum cotinine level of 0...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223263/apps-for-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-to-monitor-their-disease-activity-a-review-of-apps-for-best-practice-and-quality
#9
Rebecca Grainger, Hermaleigh Townsley, Bonnie White, Tobias Langlotz, William J Taylor
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis requiring long-term treatment with regular monitoring by a rheumatologist to achieve good health outcomes. Since people with RA may wish to monitor their own disease activity with a smartphone app, it is important to understand the functions and quality of apps for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the features and quality of apps to assist people to monitor their RA disease activity by (1) summarizing the available apps, particularly the instruments used for measurement of RA disease activity; (2) comparing the app features with American College of Rheumatology and European League against Rheumatism (ACR and EULAR) guidelines for monitoring of RA disease activity; and (3) rating app quality with the Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS)...
February 21, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223153/evaluations-of-implementation-at-early-adopting-lung-cancer-screening-programs-lessons-learned
#10
Yaron B Gesthalter, Elisa Koppelman, Rendelle Bolton, Christopher G Slatore, Sue H Yoon, Hilary C Cain, Nichole T Tanner, David H Au, Jack A Clark, Renda Soylemez Wiener
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend lung cancer screening and it is currently being adopted nationwide. The American College of Chest Physicians advises inclusion of specific programmatic components to ensure high-quality screening. However, little is known about how lung cancer screening has been implemented in practice. We sought to evaluate the experience of early-adopting programs, characterize barriers faced, and identify strategies to achieve successful implementation. METHODS: We performed qualitative evaluations of lung cancer screening implementation at three Veterans Health Administration facilities, conducting semi-structured interviews with key staff (n=29)...
February 18, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219965/a-public-health-response-to-opioid-use-in-pregnancy
#11
Stephen W Patrick, Davida M Schiff
The use of opioids during pregnancy has grown rapidly in the past decade. As opioid use during pregnancy increased, so did complications from their use, including neonatal abstinence syndrome. Several state governments responded to this increase by prosecuting and incarcerating pregnant women with substance use disorders; however, this approach has no proven benefits for maternal or infant health and may lead to avoidance of prenatal care and a decreased willingness to engage in substance use disorder treatment programs...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#12
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217871/secukinumab-in-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-and-active-comparator-controlled-phase-3-study
#13
Francisco J Blanco, Rüdiger Möricke, Eva Dokoupilova, Christine Codding, Jeffrey Neal, Mats Andersson, Susanne Rohrer, Hanno Richards
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of secukinumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had an inadequate response or intolerance to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNF-inhibitors). METHODS: In this phase 3 study, 551 patients were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive intravenous secukinumab 10 mg/kg (baseline, weeks 2, 4) followed by subcutaneous secukinumab 150 mg or 75 mg every 4 weeks or abatacept or placebo at the same dosing schedule...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217544/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-on-fixed-dose-combinations-among-postgraduate-dental-students
#14
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217515/reported-hypoglycemia-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-prevalence-and-practices-a-hospital-based-study
#15
Vanishree Shriraam, Shriraam Mahadevan, M Anitharani, Nalini Sirala Jagadeesh, Sreelekha Bhaskara Kurup, T A Vidya, Krishna G Seshadri
INTRODUCTION: Hypoglycemia tops the list of hurdles in preventing tight glycemic control in diabetic patients. It is even considered as a cardiovascular risk factor. However, it continues to be a neglected complication with very limited epidemiological data in our country. AIM: To study the self-reported prevalence of hypoglycemia among type 2 diabetic patients and the practices adopted by them during and after the episodes to manage and avert future occurrences...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217273/mental-health-literacy-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-saudi-tertiary-institution-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Mohamed S Mahfouz, Abdulwahab Aqeeli, Anwar M Makeen, Ramzi M Hakami, Hatim H Najmi, Abdullkarim T Mobarki, Mohammad H Haroobi, Saeed M Almalki, Mohammad A Mahnashi, Osayd A Ageel
The issue of mental health literacy has been widely studied in developed countries, with few studies conducted in Arab countries. In this study we aimed to investigate mental health literacy and attitudes towards psychiatric patients among students of Jazan University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A crosssectional study was conducted among undergraduate students using a validated Arabicversion questionnaire. A total of 557 students were recruited from different Jazan university colleges. The majority of students (90...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216721/methodology-series-module-7-ecologic-studies-and-natural-experiments
#17
Maninder Singh Setia
In this module, we have discussed study designs that have not been covered in the previous modules - ecologic studies and natural experiments. In an ecologic study, the unit of analysis is a group or aggregate rather than the individual. It may be the characteristics of districts, states, or countries. For example, per capita income across countries, income quintiles across districts, and proportion of college graduates in states. If the data already exist (such as global measures and prevalence of diseases, data sets such as the National Family Health Survey, census data), then ecologic studies are cheap and data are easy to collect...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216583/effects-of-sleep-quality-on-the-association-between-problematic-mobile-phone-use-and-mental-health-symptoms-in-chinese-college-students
#18
Shuman Tao, Xiaoyan Wu, Yukun Zhang, Shichen Zhang, Shilu Tong, Fangbiao Tao
Problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) is a risk factor for both adolescents' sleep quality and mental health. It is important to examine the potential negative health effects of PMPU exposure. This study aims to evaluate PMPU and its association with mental health in Chinese college students. Furthermore, we investigated how sleep quality influences this association. In 2013, we collected data regarding participants' PMPU, sleep quality, and mental health (psychopathological symptoms, anxiety, and depressive symptoms) by standardized questionnaires in 4747 college students...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216072/smoking-and-pre-existing-organ-damage-reduce-the-efficacy-of-belimumab-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
REVIEW
Ioannis Parodis, Christopher Sjöwall, Andreas Jönsen, Daniel Ramsköld, Agneta Zickert, Martina Frodlund, Azita Sohrabian, Laurent Arnaud, Johan Rönnelid, Vivianne Malmström, Anders A Bengtsson, Iva Gunnarsson
OBJECTIVES: Belimumab is the first biologic drug approved for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Here, we aimed to investigate the effects of belimumab on clinical and serologic outcomes, and sought to identify predictors of treatment response in three Swedish real-life settings. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients were enrolled at initiation of belimumab and followed longitudinally for up to 53months. Surveillance outcomes included the SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K), 100mm Visual Analogue Scales for Physician"s Global Assessment (PGA), fatigue, pain and general health, and the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI)...
February 12, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215491/predictors-of-hepatitis-c-testing-intention-among-african-american-baby-boomers
#20
Mohamed Rashrash, Mary Maneno, Anthony Wutoh, Earl Ettienne, Monika Daftary
Baby Boomers (BBs) are responsible for three-quarters of hepatitis C (HCV) infections in the United States; however, HCV testing is distinctly underused by them. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HCV testing and to evaluate predictors of HCV testing intention among African-American BBs. The study was guided by the Health Belief Model and theory of reasoned action frameworks. Of the 137 participants included in the study, 44.8% had at least a college education; 13.9% received prior to 1992 blood transfusion...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
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