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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644340/committee-opinion-no-708-improving-awareness-of-and-screening-for-health-risks-among-sex-workers
#1
(no author information available yet)
The population of women who sell or exchange sex or intimate sexual services for material goods or services, also called "sex work," often is unrecognized in the typical obstetric and gynecologic practice. The prevalence of this behavior among adult women is difficult to quantify because of its frequent omission from the routine sexual history by women and clinicians. Data on the prevalence of sex work in the United States are largely lacking. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports increasing awareness about the health risks, preventive care needs, and limited health care services for female sex workers...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644335/practice-bulletin-number-179-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#2
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644333/committee-opinion-no-708-summary-improving-awareness-of-and-screening-for-health-risks-among-sex-workers
#3
(no author information available yet)
The population of women who sell or exchange sex or intimate sexual services for material goods or services, also called "sex work," often is unrecognized in the typical obstetric and gynecologic practice. The prevalence of this behavior among adult women is difficult to quantify because of its frequent omission from the routine sexual history by women and clinicians. Data on the prevalence of sex work in the United States are largely lacking. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports increasing awareness about the health risks, preventive care needs, and limited health care services for female sex workers...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644328/practice-bulletin-no-179-summary-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#4
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643268/sexual-health-in-a-social-and-cultural-context-a-qualitative-study-of-young-latina-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#5
Christie A Santos, Emily C Williams, Julius Rodriguez, India J Ornelas
Previous research on sexual minority and Latina women suggests that Latina lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ) women may be at high risk for sexually associated and transmitted infections, but research on the sexual health and practices of this population is limited. This qualitative study explored the knowledge, attitudes, and values related to sexual health among a purposive sample of Latina LBQ women living in Seattle, WA. Latina LBQ women (N = 14) were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews about their sexual health through community organizations, flyers posted on college campuses, email and social media advertisements, and participant referrals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643034/assessing-internet-based-information-used-to-aid-patient-decision-making-about-surgery-for-perianal-crohn-s-fistula
#6
J H Marshall, D M Baker, M J Lee, G L Jones, A J Lobo, S R Brown
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in perianal Crohn's fistula (pCD) is preference sensitive. Patients use the internet to access healthcare information. The aim of this study was to assess the online information and patient decision aids relating to surgery for pCD. METHODS: A search of Google™ and the Decision Aids Library Inventory (DALI) was performed using a predefined search strategy. Patient-focussed sources providing information about pCD surgery were included in the analysis...
June 22, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#7
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641039/an-empirical-investigation-of-campus-demographics-and-reported-rapes
#8
Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley, Kristen N Jozkowski, Taylor Martinez
OBJECTIVE: Rape on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health issue with approximately 11% of women experiencing rape while in college. As such, it is important to examine factors unique to college campuses that influence the occurrences of rape. METHODS: Using data from 1,423 four-year universities (public and private with at least 1,000 students) from the Office of Education and the Clery Act (2014), we examined institutional risk factors, such as tuition, liquor violations, Greek-life, athletic programs, institution type (public vs...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640034/using-a-simulation-of-a-frustrated-faculty-member-during-department-chair-searches-a-proof-of-concept-project
#9
Daniel E Shapiro, Lisa M Abbott, Daniel R Wolpaw, Michael J Green, Benjamin H Levi
PROBLEM: Vitae reviews, interviews, presentations, and reference checks are typical components of searches used to screen and select new department chairs/heads, but these strategies may fail to identify leaders who can communicate effectively with faculty in common, tense situations. APPROACH: Between May 2015 and November 2016, the authors piloted simulation scenarios in four department chair searches at Penn State College of Medicine/Penn State Health to assess candidates' skill at handling common, challenging situations with faculty members...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639535/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
Cawley N, Tur C, Prados F, et al. Spinal cord atrophy as a primary outcome measure in phase II trials of progressive multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. Epub ahead of print 18 May 2017. DOI: 10.1177/1352458517709954. On page 9 of this article, the Declaration of Conflicting Interests and Funding statements were incorrect. The correct declarations are shown below. Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author(s) declared the following potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: A...
June 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638553/a-review-of-640-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cases-in-nigeria
#11
Ahmed-Oluwatoyin Lawal, Akinyele-Olumuyiwa Adisa, Olajumoke-Ajibola Effiom
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent malignant neoplasm in the oral cavity and accounts for 70% to 90% of all oral malignant neoplasms. The aim of this study was to examine the demographic distribution of OSCC in five Tertiary Health centres in Nigeria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cases diagnosed as OSCC during the period from 1970 -2014 were retrieved from the records of five teaching hospitals in Nigeria. Hematoxylin and eosin stained histological slides of all cases that had a diagnosis of OSCC were reviewed for confirmation and inclusion...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637993/association-between-excessive-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-injuries-in-college-students-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#12
Hisashi Yoshimoto, Ayumi Takayashiki, Ryohei Goto, Go Saito, Kyoko Kawaida, Rika Hieda, Yoshihiro Kataoka, Maie Aramaki, Naoto Sakamoto, Tetsuhiro Maeno, Yoshinao Kobayashi, Yousuke C Takemura
Alcohol-related injuries in college students are a major public health problem worldwide. We clarified the association between excessive drinking and alcohol-related injuries in Japanese college students. This was a cross-sectional study with a self-administered questionnaire. From January to March 2013, we sampled all college students and graduate students aged 20 years or older during annual health examinations at three colleges in Mie Prefecture in Japan. The questionnaire assessed the frequency of alcohol drinking, amount of alcohol consumed per day, binge drinking during the past year, alcohol-related injuries during the past year, and demographic data...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637571/workforce-issues-in-pediatric-surgery
#13
Don K Nakayama
High salaries indicate a demand for pediatric surgeons in excess of the supply, despite only a slight growth in the pediatric-age population and a sharp increase in numbers of trainees. Top-level neonatal intensive care units require 24-hour-7-day pediatric surgical availability, so hospitals are willing to pay surgeons a premium and engage high-priced locum tenens surgeons to fill vacancies in coverage. With increased supply comes an erosion of the numbers of cases performed by trainees and surgeons in practice...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637558/travel-time-influences-readmission-risk-geospatial-mapping-of-surgical-readmissions
#14
Florence E Turrentine, Patrick J Buckley, Min-Woong Sohn, Michael D Williams
The University of Virginia (UVA) has recently become an Accountable Care Organization (ACO), intensifying efforts to provide better care for individuals. UVA's ACO population resides across the entire Commonwealth, with a large percentage of patients living in rural areas. To provide better health for this population, the central tenet of the ACO mission, we identified geographic risk factors influencing hospital readmission. We analyzed the relationship between the distance of patients' residence to the nearest hospital and 30-day readmission in general surgery patients...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637557/nomogram-derived-prediction-of-postoperative-ileus-after-colectomy-an-assessment-from-nationwide-procedure-targeted-cohort
#15
Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Cigdem Benlice, Meagan Costedio, Feza H Remzi, Emre Gorgun
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a clinical burden to health-care system. This study aims to evaluate the incidence and predictors of POI in patients undergoing colectomy and create a nomogram by using recently released procedure-targeted nationwide database. Patients who underwent elective colectomy in 2012 and 2013 were identified from American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program using the new procedure-targeted database. Demographics, comorbidities, and 30-day postoperative outcomes were evaluated...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635495/analysis-of-audiometric-notch-as-a-noise-induced-hearing-loss-phenotype-in-us-youth-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2010
#16
Ishan S Bhatt, O'neil Guthrie
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral audiometric notch (BN) at 4000-6000 Hz was identified as a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) phenotype for genetic association analysis in college-aged musicians. This study analysed BN in a sample of US youth. DESIGN: Prevalence of the BN within the study sample was determined and logistic-regression analyses were performed to identify audiologic and other demographic factors associated with BN. Computer-simulated "flat" audiograms were used to estimate potential influence of false-positive rates in estimating the prevalence of the BN...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634769/decision-making-capacity-and-unusual-beliefs-two-contentious-cases-australasian-association-of-bioethics-and-health-law-john-mcphee-law-student-essay-prize-2016
#17
Brent Hyslop
Decision-making capacity is a vital concept in law, ethics, and clinical practice. Two legal cases where capacity literally had life and death significance are NHS Trust v Ms T [2004] and Kings College Hospital v C [2015]. These cases share another feature: unusual beliefs. This essay will critically assess the concept of capacity, particularly in relation to the unusual beliefs in these cases. Firstly, the interface between capacity and unusual beliefs will be examined. This will show that the "using and weighing of information" is the pivotal element in assessment...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#18
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629199/association-of-education-and-smoking-status-on-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jin-Hyeong Kim, Juhwan Noh, Jae-Woo Choi, Eun-Cheol Park
Background: Exposure to smoke, including environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), is a well-known risk factor for diabetes. Low socioeconomic status, especially lack of education, is also a risk factor for diabetes. Therefore, we assessed the association of demographic, socioeconomic, clinical, and behavior risk factor-related variables and smoking status, including ETS exposure, with the prevalence of diabetes. Methods: Data were from the 2007-2013 Korea National Health and Nutritional Evaluation Survey (KNHANES)...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628148/-changes-of-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-related-knowledge-attitudes-behaviors-and-their-influencing-factors-among-college-students-in-beijing
#20
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To compare acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and their influencing factors among college students in different years in Beijing, and to provide evidence for targeted health education among college students in future. METHODS: College students were selected by the stratified cluster sampling method, and a questionnaire survey was conducted among college students in year 2006 and 2016 in Beijing. The sample sizes were 1 800 and 3 001 college students, respectively...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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