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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035901/ce-preeclampsia-current-approaches-to-nursing-management
#1
Cindy M Anderson, Mandy J Schmella
A clinical review of risk factors, diagnostic criteria, and patient care. ABSTRACT: Preeclampsia, one of four hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, has traditionally been characterized as new-onset hypertension and proteinuria developing after 20 weeks' gestation. It is, however, now understood to be a complex, progressive, multisystem disorder with a highly variable presentation and a number of potentially life-threatening complications. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Task Force on Hypertension in Pregnancy has refined preeclampsia diagnostic criteria accordingly, and as the disorder's pathogenesis has been more clearly defined, new targets for screening, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment have emerged...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035666/examination-of-risk-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-among-college-football-players
#2
Bailey Peck, Timothy Renzi, Hannah Peach, Jane Gaultney, Joseph S Marino
CONTEXT: Professional football linemen are at risk for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) compared to other types of athletes. It is currently unknown whether collegiate football linemen display a similar risk profile. OBJECTIVE: 1) Determine for the first time whether collegiate football linemen show risk for SDB, and 2) Test the hypothesis that SDB risk is higher in collegiate football linemen compared to an athletic comparison group. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034100/prevalence-of-mental-health-conditions-and-relationship-with-general-health-in-a-whole-country-population-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-compared-with-the-general-population
#3
Laura A Hughes-McCormack, Ewelina Rydzewska, Angela Henderson, Cecilia MacIntyre, Julie Rintoul, Sally-Ann Cooper
BACKGROUND: There are no previous whole-country studies on mental health and relationships with general health in intellectual disability populations; study results vary. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of mental health conditions and relationships with general health in a total population with and without intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Ninety-four per cent completed Scotland's Census 2011. Data on intellectual disabilities, mental health and general health were extracted, and the association between them was investigated...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033801/heavy-drinking-in-college-students-is-associated-with-accelerated-gray-matter-volumetric-decline-over-a-2-year-period
#4
Shashwath A Meda, Alecia D Dager, Keith A Hawkins, Howard Tennen, Sarah Raskin, Rebecca M Wood, Carol S Austad, Carolyn R Fallahi, Godfrey D Pearlson
Background: Heavy and/or harmful alcohol use while in college is a perennial and significant public health issue. Despite the plethora of cross-sectional research suggesting deleterious effects of alcohol on the brain, there is a lack of literature investigating the longitudinal effects of alcohol consumption on the adolescent brain. We aim to probe the longitudinal effects of college drinking on gray matter change in students during this crucial neurodevelopmental period. Methods: Data were derived from the longitudinal Brain and Alcohol Research in College Students (BARCS) study of whom a subset underwent brain MRI scans at two time points 24 months apart...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033460/mortality-and-morbidity-in-the-21-st-century
#5
Anne Case, Angus Deaton
We build on and extend the findings in Case and Deaton (2015) on increases in mortality and morbidity among white non-Hispanic Americans in midlife since the turn of the century. Increases in all-cause mortality continued unabated to 2015, with additional increases in drug overdoses, suicides, and alcohol-related liver mortality, particularly among those with a high-school degree or less. The decline in mortality from heart disease has slowed and, most recently, stopped, and this combined with the three other causes is responsible for the increase in all-cause mortality...
2017: Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033308/2017-annual-meeting-of-the-american-college-of-radiology-moreton-lecture-forecasting-the-futures-of-radiology
#6
Jeffrey C Bauer
PURPOSE: The traditional forces of change in health care are no longer working as they did in the past. Political gridlock has destroyed Washington's ability to create sensible policy for reforming the medical marketplace, creating chaos for providers. Fortunately, chaos creates opportunity. The idea of creating one's future has never been more relevant and necessary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Predicting-the science of extrapolating future values from historical data-is not a valid method for looking ahead when causal relationships that explained change in the past are themselves being redefined (the current situation)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033146/the-prevalence-and-performance-of-resistance-exercise-training-activities-in-an-australian-population-in-relation-to-health-authority-guidelines
#7
Brendan Humphries, Rob Stanton, Aaron Scanlan, Mitch J Duncan
OBJECTIVES: Resistance training research highlights the importance of training intensity to resistance exercise training (RET) and the associated benefits to health and function for healthy and at-risk populations. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommend specific intensities, frequencies, repetitions, and number of exercises of RET to be performed to maintain health. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of achieving recommended levels of RET in relation to ACSM guidelines for intensity, frequency, repetitions, and number of exercises in a regional Australian population...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030806/palliative-care-in-the-management-of-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure
#8
Susan E Lowey
Globally, there are 18-million individuals living with heart failure, a disease that is responsible for 12-15 million office visits and 6.5 million inpatient hospitalizations each year. As HF becomes advanced or end-stage, patients often live in a cycle of frequent transitions between care settings, and with unmet needs, including distress from inadequately managed symptoms. Prognostication in patients with heart failure can be challenging due to the unpredictable exacerbating-remitting illness trajectory that is associated with this progressive disease...
October 14, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028555/shifting-characteristics-of-ecstasy-users-ages-12-34-in-the-united-states-2007-2014
#9
Joseph J Palamar, Pia M Mauro, Benjamin H Han, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Ecstasy/MDMA has been one of the most prevalent party drugs for decades, and powder ecstasy recently increased in popularity. We examined trends in use to determine who to best target for prevention and harm reduction. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the 2007-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a repeated cross-sectional, nationally representative probability sample, was conducted. Linear trends in past-year ecstasy use and trends in demographic and other past-year substance use characteristics among ecstasy users were examined among participants ages 12-34 (N=332,560)...
October 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027602/combining-risk-communication-strategies-to-simultaneously-convey-the-risks-of-four-diseases-associated-with-physical-inactivity-to-socio-demographically-diverse-populations
#10
Eva Janssen, Robert A C Ruiter, Erika A Waters
A single risk factor can increase the risk of developing multiple diseases, but most risk communication research has been conducted in the context of a single disease. We explored which combination of three recommended risk communication strategies is most effective in simultaneously conveying risk estimates of four diseases associated with physical inactivity: colon cancer, stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. Participants (N = 1161, 50% no college experience, 50% racial/ethnic minority) were shown hypothetical risk estimates for each of the four diseases...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027304/sexual-behavior-and-heavy-episodic-drinking-across-the-transition-to-adulthood-differences-by-college-attendance
#11
Sara A Vasilenko, Ashley Linden-Carmichael, Stephanie T Lanza, Megan E Patrick
Despite a growing literature on college students' sexual behaviors, little is known about how sexual behaviors, and their associations with alcohol, differ for college and noncollege attenders, and whether these patterns represent changes during college or an extension of pre-college behaviors. This paper applied time-varying effect models to data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to examine (1) prevalence of four sexual behaviors from ages 14 to 24 and (2) how their association with frequent heavy episodic drinking varied across these ages for college and noncollege attenders...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027043/clinical-psychological-features-and-quality-of-life-of-fibromyalgia-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-chinese-sample
#12
Ying Zhang, Dongfeng Liang, Ronghuan Jiang, Xiaojian Ji, Yiwen Wang, Jian Zhu, Jianglin Zhang, Feng Huang
This study aimed to determine the clinical, psychological features, and quality of life in Chinese fibromyalgia (FM) patients who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2010 FM classification criteria at initial diagnosis. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) General Hospital. A hundred and seven Chinese FM patients (86 females, 21 males) were included. Eighty-six patients completed the questionnaires. Descriptive, differences, and correlation analyses were performed...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026060/unmet-needs-in-health-training-among-nurses-in-rural-chinese-township-health-centers-a-cross-sectional-hospital-based-study
#13
Yan Mo, Guijie Hu, Yanhua Yi, Yanping Ying, Huiqiao Huang, Zhongxian Huang, Jiafeng Lin
Purpose: Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is important in Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have involved in the health training status and needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses in great transformations of health policy. This study is to explore the current health training status and to ascertain needs perceived by nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs). Methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted to 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, China from March 2014 to August 2014...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025698/college-freshmen-students-perspectives-on-weight-gain-prevention-in-the-digital-age-web-based-survey
#14
Courtney M Monroe, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Chelsea A Larsen, Karen Magradey, Heather M Brandt, Sara Wilcox, Beth Sundstrom, Delia Smith West
BACKGROUND: College freshmen are highly vulnerable to experiencing weight gain, and this phenomenon is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality in older adulthood. Technology offers an attractive and scalable way to deliver behavioral weight gain prevention interventions for this population. Weight gain prevention programs that harness the appeal and widespread reach of Web-based technologies (electronic health or eHealth) are increasingly being evaluated in college students...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025531/-endocrinology-in-portugal-census-2016-board-of-the-portuguese-college-of-endocrinology-and-nutrition-of-the-portuguese-medical-association
#15
Joana Guimarães, António Afonso, Davide Carvalho, Ana Paula Marques, Teresa Martins, Mário Rui Mascarenhas, Conceição Pereira, Dírcea Rodrigues, Catarina Saraiva, Helena Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: On September 2016, the Board of the College of Endocrinology and Nutrition of the Portuguese Medical Association carried out a national survey, about all Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Departments of the public hospitals included in the Portuguese National Health Service and a simplified version of this survey was sent to all endocrinologists working in Portugal and registered with the Portuguese Medical Association. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data related to organizational and human resources were collected, reporting the situation by the end of year 2015...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025498/survey-development-to-assess-college-students-perceptions-of-the-campus-environment
#16
Morgan F Sowers, Sarah Colby, Geoffrey W Greene, Mackenzie Pickett, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Melissa D Olfert, Karla Shelnutt, Onikia Brown, Tanya M Horacek, Tandalayo Kidd, Kendra K Kattelmann, Adrienne A White, Wenjun Zhou, Kristin Riggsbee, Wangcheng Yan, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
OBJECTIVE: We developed and tested a College Environmental Perceptions Survey (CEPS) to assess college students' perceptions of the healthfulness of their campus. METHODS: CEPS was developed in 3 stages: questionnaire development, validity testing, and reliability testing. Questionnaire development was based on an extensive literature review and input from an expert panel to establish content validity. Face validity was established with the target population using cognitive interviews with 100 college students...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025270/design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-decision-aid-to-promote-appropriate-screening-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Christine E Kistler, Carol Golin, Carolyn Morris, Alexandra F Dalton, Russell P Harris, Rowena Dolor, Renée M Ferrari, Noel T Brewer, Carmen L Lewis
BACKGROUND: Appropriate colorectal cancer screening in older adults should be aligned with the likelihood of net benefit. In general, patient decision aids improve knowledge and values clarity, but in older adults, they may also help patients identify their individual likelihood of benefit and foster individualized decision-making. We report on the design of a randomized clinical trial to understand the effects of a patient decision aid on appropriate colorectal cancer screening. This report includes a description of the baseline characteristics of participants...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024958/a-computable-pathology-report-for-precision-medicine-extending-an-observables-ontology-unifying-snomed-ct-and-loinc
#18
Walter S Campbell, Daniel Karlsson, Daniel J Vreeman, Audrey J Lazenby, Geoffrey A Talmon, James R Campbell
Background: The College of American Pathologists (CAP) introduced the first cancer synoptic reporting protocols in 1998. However, the objective of a fully computable and machine-readable cancer synoptic report remains elusive due to insufficient definitional content in Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) and Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC). To address this terminology gap, investigators at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) are developing, authoring, and testing a SNOMED CT observable ontology to represent the data elements identified by the synoptic worksheets of CAP...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023252/partner-notification-for-youth-living-with-hiv-in-14-cities-in-the-united-states
#19
Jacob J van den Berg, Marjan Javanbakht, Pamina M Gorbach, Bret J Rudy, Andrew O Westfall, Craig M Wilson, Michelle A Lally
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors associated with partner notification among youth living with HIV is critical for effective HIV prevention and treatment strategies. METHODS: A total of 924 male and female behaviorally-infected youth ages 13-24 across 14 U.S. cities completed an audio-computer assisted self-interview including questions about demographics and experiences with patient- and provider-referral partner notification. RESULTS: The majority of participants self-identified as male (82...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021777/circulating-cholesterol-levels-may-link-to-the-factors-influencing-parkinson-s-risk
#20
Lijun Zhang, Xue Wang, Ming Wang, Nick W Sterling, Guangwei Du, Mechelle M Lewis, Tao Yao, Richard B Mailman, Runze Li, Xuemei Huang
OBJECTIVES: A growing literature suggests that circulating cholesterol levels have been associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we investigated a possible causal basis for the cholesterol-PD link. METHODS: Fasting plasma cholesterol levels were obtained from 91 PD and 70 age- and gender-matched controls from an NINDS PD Biomarkers Program cohort at the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine. Based on the literature, genetic polymorphisms in selected cholesterol management genes (APOE, LDLR, LRP1, and LRPAP1) were chosen as confounding variables because they may influence both cholesterol levels and PD risk...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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