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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913317/evaluation-of-knowledge-regarding-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-bangladeshi-study
#1
B Bhowmik, F Afsana, T Ahmed, T Siddiquee, T Ahmed, F Pathan, H Mahtab, A K A Khan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Bangladeshi people. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study involving 1374 participants was conducted in 15 outpatient clinics of Diabetic Association of Bangladesh and its affiliated associations, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and four medical college hospitals in Bangladesh from August 2015 to December 2015...
June 15, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911506/a-systematic-review-of-dating-violence-risk-factors-among-undergraduate-college-students
#2
Alicia Duval, Beth A Lanning, Megan S Patterson
College students are a vulnerable population for dating violence (DV) because of the social environment in which they live and interact with other students. Campus climate surveys are considered best practice for gathering information about the severity and cause of college DV; however, there are still unanswered questions as to why DV remains an alarming public health concern among college students. The aim of this systematic literature review was to examine DV risk factors specific to college students with a special focus on methodological factors and gaps in the literature...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908449/embracing-diversity-and-transcultural-society-through-community-health-practicum-among-college-nursing-students
#3
Luna Chang, Shu-Chuan Chen, Shu-Ling Hung
Based on 2015 annual report of foreign spouse populations were above 507,266 people in Taiwan. Most of them (68%) came from Mainland China, 29% from south-east Asia. 92% of foreign spouses were female (2015). Therefore, a challenge arises for nursing students to provide care to clients with multiple cultural variations in Taiwan. The study objectives were to explore the related factors of cultural care competence and estimate the effects of a short-term reinforced cultural course. The study used a quasi-experimental design...
May 19, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907629/cataract-surgery-refractive-outcomes-representative-standards-in-a-national-health-service-setting
#4
Kerr Brogan, Charles J M Diaper, Alan P Rotchford
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To report refractive outcomes from an National Health Service (NHS) cataract surgery service and assess if results meet suggested benchmark standard. METHODS: Details of all patients undergoing cataract surgery in the Southern General and New Victoria hospitals in Glasgow, UK, between November 2006 and December 2016 were prospectively entered into an electronic database. Patients were reviewed 4 weeks postoperatively in the eye clinic and underwent refraction at their local optometrist prior to this appointment...
June 15, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907448/identification-of-surgical-site-infections-using-electronic-health-record-data
#5
Kathryn L Colborn, Michael Bronsert, Elise Amioka, Karl Hammermeister, William G Henderson, Robert Meguid
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for identifying surgical site infections (SSIs) using independent variables from electronic health record data and outcomes from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program to supplement manual chart review. METHODS: We fit 3 models to data from patients undergoing operations at the University of Colorado Hospital between 2013 and 2015: a similar model reported previously in the literature, a comprehensive model with 136 possible predictors, and a combination of those...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905590/are-college-students-told-by-health-care-providers-about-their-risk-factors-for-developing-diabetes
#6
Jennifer L Saylor, Christina J Calamaro, Thomas Hardie, Michelle Ness, Janice Selekman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Communication about risk factors for diabetes between nurse practitioners and college students may not be occurring as the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to evaluate if college students are being told of their risk for diabetes based on known risk factors of weight, sleep, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study was completed using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905145/workload-of-french-speaking-family-physicians-in-francophone-rural-and-northern-communities-in-ontario
#7
Patrick E Timony, Alain P Gauthier, Boroma Sanou, Elizabeth F Wenghofer
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that French-speaking family physicians (FSPs) in Ontario are less numerous in areas with high proportions of francophones. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether the degree of concordance between physicians' language of competence and the linguistic profile of the community in which they practise is associated with workload and to explore variations in this relation in rural and northern regions of the province. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of the 2013 College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario Annual Membership Renewal Survey...
2018: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903303/-an-intervention-study-of-college-student-dietary-behavior-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach
#8
Chichen Zhang, Xiao Zheng, Huining Zhao, Chunhui Su, Zhiguang Duan, Jianzhong Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a stage-matched intervention study on dietary behavior based on the Health Action Process Approach( HAPA), in order to verify the effectiveness of the intervention on improving the dietary behavior of college students. METHODS: The study recruited 184 medical university 's students who were admitted between 2013 and 2015 from Shanxi, including 37 males and 147 females to participate the intervention of dietary behavioral based on HAPA from October 2015 to May 2016 by method of random sampling...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902949/the-consideration-of-future-consequences-and-health-behaviour-a-meta-analysis
#9
Lisa Murphy, Samantha Dockray
The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the direction and strength of associations between the Consideration of Future Consequences (CFC) scale and intended and actual engagement in three categories of health-related behaviour: health risk, health promotive, and illness preventative/detective behaviour. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that measured CFC and health behaviour. In total, sixty-four effect sizes were extracted from 53 independent samples. Effect sizes were synthesised using a random-effects model...
June 14, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902051/-implicit-alcohol-associations-especially-drinking-identity-predict-drinking-over-time-correction-to-lindgren-et-al-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Implicit alcohol associations, especially drinking identity, predict drinking over time" by Kristen P. Lindgren, Clayton Neighbors, Bethany A. Teachman, Scott A. Baldwin, Jeanette Norris, Debra Kaysen, Melissa L. Gasser and Reinout W. Wiers ( Health Psychology , 2016[Aug], Vol 35[8], 908-918). This erratum reports that two responses for item 9 of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT; Babor et al., 2001) were coded incorrectly. Specifically, the response options "Yes, but not in the last year" and "Yes, during the last year" were coded 1 and 2, respectively, instead of 2 and 4, respectively...
July 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900906/knowledge-and-awareness-of-dental-implants-as-a-treatment-choice-in-adult-population-in-south-india-a-hospital-based-study
#11
Anoop Mayya, Joana D'Souza, Ann Mary George, Kamalakanth Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Shreemathi S Mayya
Context: Implant-supported prosthesis improves the self-confidence and quality of life of the patient by giving them masticatory comfort and a high level of satisfaction. For any professional community, it is essential to know whether patients feel well informed and whether what they know reflects on the current advances in dental health care. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental implants as a treatment choice in patients visiting a dental college situated in Mangalore, Karnataka, India...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900540/contemporary-prenatal-aneuploidy-screening-practice-in-australia-frequently-asked-questions-in-the-cell-free-dna-era
#12
REVIEW
Wawrzyniec Rieder, Scott White, George McGillivray, Lisa Hui
Cell-free DNA screening has quickly become established in Australia as an accurate - albeit costly - prenatal screening test for trisomy 21, 18 and 13. It is also commonly used for the detection of sex chromosome abnormalities. The increasing number of prenatal screening pathways available to women has increased the complexity of pretest counselling. Concurrent advances in diagnostic testing with the widespread use of chromosomal microarrays create further challenges for the continuing education of clinicians and health consumers...
June 13, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899611/prevalence-study-of-cognitive-impairment-and-its-associated-sociodemographic-variables-using-mini-mental-status-examination-among-elderly-population-residing-in-field-practice-areas-of-a-medical-college
#13
Rakesh M Patel, Uday Shankar Singh
Context: The world is aging rapidly through "demographic transition." The aging leads to CI Refers as Cognitive Impairment (CI) - a risk factor for dementia. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among the elderly aged ≥50 years. Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction among the elderly and to identify the associated sociodemographic variables. Settings and Design: This was a community-based cross-sectional study in rural and urban field areas of a medical college...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899377/the-new-2017-acc-aha-guideline-for-classification-of-hypertension-changes-in-prevalence-of-hypertension-among-adults-in-bangladesh
#14
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Krystal Swasey, Allysha Choudhury, Vanessa Burrowes, Kristen A Stafford, S M Iftekhar Uddin, Mohammadhassan Mirbolouk, Atia Sharmeen, Angela Kc, Dipak K Mitra
We analyzed the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 data to examine absolute differences in hypertension prevalence according to the hypertension definition of the "2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (2017 ACC/AHA) Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults" and "Seventh Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7)" 2003 guidelines. Among 7839 participants ≥35 years, the JNC7 and 2017 ACC/AHA classified 25...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898277/physicians-perception-of-their-medical-college
#15
John Wilson, Anthony Talbot
The relevance of medical colleges has been questioned and their ability to respond to members' needs and system failures is unknown. We hypothesise that members believe that medical colleges are relevant to the current health agenda. We conducted a survey by email to determine satisfaction with the current state of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) relevance and tested agreement with suggestions for change. We found that of 21 000 survey links sent, 13.1% of addressees replied. When questioned regarding the current state, less than 50% of respondents agreed with any of eight positive statements...
June 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898219/association-of-patient-perceptions-of-cardiovascular-risk-and-beliefs-on-statin-drugs-with-racial-differences-in-statin-use-insights-from-the-patient-and-provider-assessment-of-lipid-management-registry
#16
Michael G Nanna, Ann Marie Navar, Pearl Zakroysky, Qun Xiang, Anne C Goldberg, Jennifer Robinson, Veronique L Roger, Salim S Virani, Peter W F Wilson, Joseph Elassal, L Veronica Lee, Tracy Y Wang, Eric D Peterson
Importance: African American individuals face higher atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk than white individuals; reasons for these differences, including potential differences in patient beliefs regarding preventive care, remain unknown. Objective: To evaluate differences in statin use between white and African American patients and identify the potential causes for any observed differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using the 2015 Patient and Provider Assessment of Lipid Management (PALM) Registry data, we compared statin use and dosing between African American and white outpatient adults who were potentially eligible for primary or secondary prevention statins...
June 13, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897314/strategies-used-for-making-healthy-eating-choices-among-veterinary-medical-students
#17
Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne Hunt, Valery Scharf, Maria Correa, Christopher Mariani
Healthy eating is a challenge for most college students, and students in the field of veterinary medicine are no exception. Health experts have recommended that universities emphasize the importance of healthy eating and promote healthy eating habits among students. However, before we can begin offering targeted interventions to promote healthy eating strategies and behaviors, we must first understand students' current strategies used for making healthy eating choices, self-reported eating habits, and perceptions of diet quality...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897007/an-economic-evaluation-of-tofacitinib-treatment-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-after-methotrexate-or-after-1-or-2-tnf-inhibitors-from-a-u-s-payer-perspective
#18
Lindsay Claxton, Matthew Taylor, Arif Soonasra, Jeffrey A Bourret, Robert A Gerber
BACKGROUND: Treatment cycling with biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, such as tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi), is common among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and can result in reduced clinical efficacy and increased economic burden. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the economic effect of tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily (BID) treatment directly after methotrexate (MTX) in the MTX-inadequate responder population, or after MTX and 1 TNFi (adalimumab [ADA] or etanercept [ETN]) or 2 TNFi (ADA and ETN) in TNF-inadequate responder patients with RA, from a U...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895763/complementary-medicine-risks-to-infants-and-children
#19
Terry Polevoy
Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) that targets infants and children can place them at grave risk. Our plan is to review some of the major cases of CAM used by parents, and by unlicensed and even licensed health professionals. Complications from CAM are rarely the focus of regulatory bodies, or even the courts. Even regulated health professionals, who have profited by misrepresenting science-based evidence for treatment or prevention of disease, have been rarely sanctioned by their respective Boards or Colleges...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895472/access-to-medication-abortion-among-california-s-public-university-students
#20
Ushma D Upadhyay, Alice F Cartwright, Nicole E Johns
PURPOSE: A proposed California law will require student health centers at public universities to provide medication abortion. To understand its potential impact, we sought to describe current travel time, costs, and wait times to access care at the nearest abortion facilities. METHODS: We projected total medication abortion use based on campus enrollment figures and age- and state-adjusted abortion rates. We calculated distance and public transit time from campuses to the nearest abortion facility...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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