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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655955/employment-and-paid-work-among-participants-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-diacetylmorphine-and-hydromorphone
#1
Mohammadali Nikoo, Marc Vogel, Fiona Choi, Michael J Song, Jensen Burghardt, Zafar Zafari, Katarina Tabi, Anastasia Frank, Skye Barbic, Christian Schütz, Kerry Jang, Michael Krausz
BACKGROUND: Employment is one of the less studied but a significant outcome of medication-assisted treatment. Thus, we aimed to explore employment outcomes of medication-assisted treatment with hydromorphone (HDM) or diacetylmorphine (DAM). The secondary aim was to estimate characteristics of this population as well as treatment-related factors associated with these outcomes. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized, double blind controlled trial. A total of 102 and 100 participants were randomized to receive injectable DAM or HDM for 6 months respectively...
April 12, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655640/how-are-ocular-signs-and-symptoms-of-dry-eye-associated-with-depression-in-women-with-and-without-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#2
John A Gonzales, Annie Chou, Jennifer R Rose-Nussbaumer, Vatinee Y Bunya, Lindsey A Criswell, Caroline H Shiboski, Thomas M Lietman
PURPOSE: To determine whether ocular phenotypic features of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and/or participant-reported symptoms of dry eye disease are associated with depression in women participants enrolled in the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Women enrolled in the SICCA registry from 9 international research sites. Participants met at least one of five inclusion criteria for registry enrollment (including complaints of dry eyes or dry mouth, a previous diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), abnormal serology (positive anti-Sjögren's syndrome-related antigen A and/or B (anti-SSA and/or anti-SSB), or elevated anti-nuclear antibody and rheumatoid factor), bilateral parotid gland enlargement, or multiple dental caries)...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653433/mindfulness-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-alcohol-use-and-consequences
#3
Emma I Brett, Hannah C Espeleta, Susanna V Lopez, Eleanor L S Leavens, Thad R Leffingwell
One-third of college students report past-year heavy episodic drinking, making college student alcohol use an important area for continued research. Research has consistently linked early experiences of adversity to problematic substance use in adolescence and adulthood. Given the negative health consequences associated with heavy episodic drinking, it is imperative to identify mechanisms that contribute to this relation. Low levels of mindfulness have been linked to early adversity as well as impulsivity and alcohol use, therefore, the current study aims to examine the mediating role of mindfulness in the relation between early adversity and current alcohol use and consequences...
April 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653301/the-moderating-role-of-resilience-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-binge-eating-symptoms-among-young-adult-women
#4
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Rebecca C Kamody, Sylvia Herbozo, Caroline Kaufman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence and young adulthood are developmental periods during the life course that are sometimes associated with heightened stress and engagement in binge eating. Binge eating has been linked to psychiatric comorbidity, poorer physical health, and lower quality of life. However, less is known about protective factors that could buffer against binge eating behaviors. The current study examined the moderating role of resilience on the relationship between perceived stress and binge eating symptoms among emerging adult female college students...
April 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653067/who-is-willing-to-come-back-college-students-willingness-to-seek-help-after-using-campus-mental-health-services
#5
Sara B Oswalt, Alyssa M Lederer, Kimberly Chestnut-Steich
OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics of college students who have previously received mental health (MH) services on campus and are willing to seek help again in the future. PARTICIPANTS: Spring 2015 ACHA-NCHA II (N = 12,501) undergraduate respondents who had previously used MH services on their current campus. METHODS: Binary logistic regression with willingness to seek MH services in the future as the dependent variable Results: Among students who had already utilized campus MH services, significant predictors for future help-seeking were: female, white, gay/lesbian, those not working for pay, having the college/university health insurance plan, and not currently/previously serving in the military (p<...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652650/the-alcohol-contexts-of-consent-wanted-sex-sexual-pleasure-and-sexual-assault-results-from-a-probability-survey-of-undergraduate-students
#6
Debby Herbenick, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, J Dennis Fortenberry
OBJECTIVE: To examine, in a probability sample of undergraduate students, characteristics of students' most recent sexual experiences (including alcohol use) as well as their experiences with non-consensual sex. PARTICIPANTS: In January and February 2015, 22,046 students were invited to participate in an anonymous, cross-sectional, Internet-based survey; 7,032 surveys were completed (31.9%). METHODS: Measures included background characteristics (age, gender, sexual orientation), most recent sexual event items (sexual pleasure, wantedness, alcohol use), and experiences with nonconsensual sex (since college and lifetime)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652638/efficacy-of-interventions-targeting-alcohol-drug-and-smoking-behaviors-in-university-and-college-students-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Ronald C Plotnikoff, Sarah A Costigan, Sarah G Kennedy, Sara Robards, John Germov, Cam Wild
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions targeting alcohol consumption, drug use and smoking for college/university students. PARTICIPANTS: College/University students Methods: Studies were eligible if: (1)included students attending universities/colleges; (2)implemented in a university/college setting; (3)aimed to improve at least one of the following behaviors: alcohol and/or drug use and/or smoking; (4)were RCTs. The effect of the interventions on behaviors was determined by the percentage of studies that reported an effect...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652631/-this-is-not-a-drill-activation-of-a-student-led-influenza-vaccination-point-of-distribution
#8
Lavonne M Adams, Sharon Canclini, Kelle Tillman
OBJECTIVE: To describe activation of a Point of Distribution (POD) in response to an influenza outbreak, highlighting the use of a student-led model. PARTICIPANTS: Faculty, staff, and students of X College of Nursing and Health Sciences, X University, as well as those located in its primary building. METHODS: In response to an August 2017 influenza outbreak, a vaccination clinic was conducted for a target population through POD activation...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652617/heart-checks-in-college-age-students-link-poor-sleep-to-cardiovascular-risk
#9
Kate Gawlik, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Alai Tan, Megan Amaya
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationships between the cardiovascular health, lifestyle behaviors, and lifestyle beliefs among college-age students. PARTICIPANTS: 729 college-aged students participated between October 2016 and April 2017. METHODS: Heart Checks, consisting of a cross-sectional survey and biometric screening, were conducted on a large Midwestern university campus. RESULTS: A small proportion of students (24...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652615/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-relationships-among-daytime-dysfunction-fatigue-and-depression-in-college-students
#10
Eun-Jung Shim, Hae-Lim Noh, Jungmin Yoon, Han Sol Mun, Bong-Jin Hahm
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal trajectory of daytime dysfunction (DD) and its relationship with fatigue by depression status in university students. PARTICIPANTS: 243 students completed online surveys from September- December 2016. METHODS: Surveys were conducted at three time points over a semester period: the beginning of the semester, the end of mid-term and the end of the semester. RESULTS: Results indicated that the DD significantly increased in all students over the semester...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652614/a-web-based-review-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-available-at-colleges-and-universities-in-georgia
#11
Katherine F Cushing, Anna E Carson, Tyiesha D Short, Stefanie N Kot, Merete Tschokert, Jessica M Sales
OBJECTIVE: Although two-thirds of graduating high school seniors attend college or university in the U.S., there is a paucity of national or state specific research regarding SRH services available on or near college and university campuses. METHODS: A review of websites for all colleges and universities in Georgia was conducted to evaluate sexual health services available on campuses and evidence of referral to community providers. RESULTS: Of 96 colleges in Georgia, 44░had campus-located health centers, with only 3 at two-year colleges...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652611/an-assisted-living-interprofessional-education-and-practice-geriatric-screening-clinic-ipep-gsc-a-description-and-evaluation
#12
Jeannie Lee, Hannah Cioltan, Patty Goldsmith, Beverly Heasley, Marlene Dermody, Mindy Fain, Jane Mohler
As the U.S. population ages and lives longer, we need to assure that future providers are prepared to work in highly functioning interprofessional teams to deliver person-centered care for older adults with complex chronic conditions. Assisted living facilities are ideal venues in which to train interprofessional health sciences students in providing such care. After monthly clinics involving interprofessional students (from the colleges of medicine, nursing, pharmacy, public health, and school of social work) providing team-based care to older adults, students' post-clinic evaluations indicated perceived improvements in knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about aging and care of older adults...
April 13, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652600/social-network-analysis-for-assessing-college-aged-adults-health-a-systematic-review
#13
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Go Odson
OBJECTIVE: Social network analysis (SNA) is a useful, emerging method for studying health. College students are especially prone to social influence when it comes to health. This review aimed to identify network variables related to college student health and determine how SNA was used in the literature. PARTICIPANTS: A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted in October 2015. METHODS: Studies employing egocentric or whole network analysis to study college student health were included...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651013/information-about-peer-choices-shapes-human-risky-decision-making
#14
Livia Tomova, Luiz Pessoa
Humans frequently make choices that involve risk for health and well-being. At the same time, information about others' choices is omnipresent due to new forms of social media and information technology. However, while past research has shown that peers can exert a strong influence on such risky choices, understanding how information about risky decisions of others affects one's own risky decisions is still lacking. We therefore developed a behavioral task to measure how information about peer choices affects risky decision-making and call it the social Balloon Analogue Risk Task (sBART)...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650807/perceptions-of-health-care-transition-care-coordination-in-patients-with-chronic-illness
#15
Monika Lemke, Rachel Kappel, Robert McCarter, Lawrence D'Angelo, Lisa K Tuchman
OBJECTIVES: Expert consensus jointly authored in 2011 by the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, and American College of Physicians supports the use of health care transition (HCT) care coordination (CC). Although gaps in care are addressed in these practice-based implementation recommendations, such recommendations have never undergone rigorous assessment. We assessed the effectiveness of implementation on quality of chronic illness care and CC during HCT for adolescents and young adults...
April 12, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650603/top-studies-relevant-to-primary-care-practice
#16
REVIEW
Danielle Perry, Michael R Kolber, Christina Korownyk, Adrienne J Lindblad, Jamil Ramji, Joey Ton, G Michael Allan
OBJECTIVE: To summarize 10 high-quality studies from 2017 that have strong relevance to primary care practice. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Study selection involved routine literature surveillance by a group of primary care health professionals. This included screening abstracts of important journals and Evidence Alerts, as well as searching the American College of Physicians Journal Club. MAIN MESSAGE: Topics of the 2017 articles include whether treating subclinical hypothyroidism improves outcomes or symptoms; whether evolocumab reduces cardiovascular disease as well as low-density lipoprotein levels; whether lifestyle interventions reduce medication use in patients with diabetes; whether vitamin D prevents cardiovascular disease, cancer, or upper respiratory tract infections; whether canagliflozin reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; how corticosteroid injections affect knee osteoarthritis; whether drained abscesses benefit from antibiotic treatment; whether patients with diabetes benefit from bariatric surgery; whether exenatide reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; and whether tympanostomy tubes affect outcomes in recurrent acute otitis media or chronic otitis media...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650248/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-china-the-china-pulmonary-health-cph-study-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#17
Chen Wang, Jianying Xu, Lan Yang, Yongjian Xu, Xiangyan Zhang, Chunxue Bai, Jian Kang, Pixin Ran, Huahao Shen, Fuqiang Wen, Kewu Huang, Wanzhen Yao, Tieying Sun, Guangliang Shan, Ting Yang, Yingxiang Lin, Sinan Wu, Jianguo Zhu, Ruiying Wang, Zhihong Shi, Jianping Zhao, Xianwei Ye, Yuanlin Song, Qiuyue Wang, Yumin Zhou, Liren Ding, Ting Yang, Yahong Chen, Yanfei Guo, Fei Xiao, Yong Lu, Xiaoxia Peng, Biao Zhang, Dan Xiao, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Zuomin Wang, Hong Zhang, Xiaoning Bu, Xiaolei Zhang, Li An, Shu Zhang, Zhixin Cao, Qingyuan Zhan, Yuanhua Yang, Bin Cao, Huaping Dai, Lirong Liang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: Although exposure to cigarette smoking and air pollution is common, the current prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unknown in the Chinese adult population. We conducted the China Pulmonary Health (CPH) study to assess the prevalence and risk factors of COPD in China. METHODS: The CPH study is a cross-sectional study in a nationally representative sample of adults aged 20 years or older from ten provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in mainland China...
April 9, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649348/development-of-the-american-college-of-rheumatology-electronic-clinical-quality-measures-for-gout
#19
John D Fitzgerald, Ted R Mikuls, Tuhina Neogi, Jasvinder A Singh, Mark Robbins, Puja P Khanna, Amy S Turner, Rachel Myslinski, Lisa G Suter
OBJECTIVE: Electronic clinical quality measures (eCQMs) are increasingly used by health registries and third parties to evaluate and improve the quality of health care. To complete these eCQMs, data are extracted from electronic health records (EHRs). The treatment of gout has been an area identified with gaps in quality of care. On behalf of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), we sought to develop and test eCQMs to evaluate gout care. METHODS: Drawing from the 2012 ACR gout guidelines, a working group developed candidate gout process measures that were evaluated by an interdisciplinary panel of health care stakeholders, the ACR Quality Measures Subcommittee (QMS), and ultimately the ACR Board of Directors for formal validity testing...
April 12, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649001/trends-in-characteristics-of-women-choosing-contraindicated-home-births
#20
Kelly B Zafman, Joanne L Stone, Stephanie H Factor
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) contraindicated home births and the women who are receiving these births in hopes of identifying venues for intervention. METHODS: The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) birth certificate records from 1990 to 2015 were used. "Planned home births" were defined as those births in which birthplace was coded as "residence" and birth attendant was coded as "certified nurse midwife (CNM)" or "other midwife"...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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