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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226120/teaching-undergraduate-students-to-visualize-and-communicate-public-health-data-with-infographics
#1
Justin D Shanks, Betty Izumi, Christina Sun, Allea Martin, Carmen Byker Shanks
The purpose of this study was to explore the degree to which an infographic assignment facilitated student learning around health science issues, as well as the ways in which the assignment was an effective teaching tool. The objectives of the assignment were to (1) understand the purposes of and potential uses for infographics, (2) cultivate creative visual communication skills, and (3) disseminate a complex health topic to diverse audiences. The infographic assignment was developed at Montana State University and piloted at Portland State University...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225948/collecting-data-for-global-surgical-indicators-a-collaborative-approach-in-the-pacific-region
#2
REVIEW
Glenn Douglas Guest, Elizabeth McLeod, William R G Perry, Vilami Tangi, Joao Pedro, Ponifasio Ponifasio, Johnny Hedson, Jemesa Tudravu, Douglas Pikacha, Eric Vreede, Basil Leodoro, Noah Tapaua, James Kong, Bwabwa Oten, Deacon Teapa, Stephanie Korin, Leona Wilson, Samson Mesol, Kabiri Tuneti, John G Meara, David A Watters
In 2015, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) recommended six surgical metrics to enable countries to measure their surgical and anaesthesia care delivery. These indicators have subsequently been accepted by the World Bank for inclusion in the World Development Indicators. With support from the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Pacific Islands Surgical Association, 14 South Pacific countries collaborated to collect the first four of six LCoGS indicators. Thirteen countries collected all four indicators over a 6-month period from October 2015 to April 2016...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224241/cost-effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-in-the-uk
#3
M Panca, R M Viner, B White, T Pandya, H Melo, M Adamo, R Batterham, D Christie, S Kinra, S Morris
Evidence shows that surgery for severe obesity in adults improves health and psychological functioning, and is cost-effective. Data on bariatric surgery for adolescents with severe obesity are extremely limited, with no evidence on cost-effectiveness. We evaluated the lifetime cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery compared with no surgery in adolescents with severe obesity from the UK's National Health Service perspective. Eighteen adolescents with body mass index ≥40 kg m-2 who underwent bariatric surgery (laparoscopic Roux en Y Gastric Bypass [RYGB] [N = 9], and laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy [SG] [N = 9]) at University College London Hospitals between January 2008 and December 2013 were included...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223481/can-breast-cancer-patients-with-her2-dual-equivocal-tumours-be-managed-as-her2-negative-disease
#4
Yiwei Tong, Xiaosong Chen, Xiaochun Fei, Lin Lin, Jiayi Wu, Ou Huang, Jianrong He, Li Zhu, Weiguo Chen, Yafen Li, Kunwei Shen
BACKGROUND: Increasing human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) immunohistochemistry (IHC)/fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) dual-equivocal breast tumours are reported after the 2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) guideline update. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinico-pathologic characteristics, treatment patterns and disease outcome of these patients with HER2 dual-equivocal tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with HER2 IHC 2+ and available FISH results were retrospectively analysed from the Comprehensive Breast Health Center, Shanghai Ruijin Hospital...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223184/older-marijuana-users-marijuana-risk-perceptions-associations-with-marijuana-use-patterns-and-marijuana-and-other-substance-use-disorders
#5
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: Compared to their non-using age peers, older marijuana users are known to have lower marijuana risk perceptions. We examined associations of older marijuana users' risk perceptions with their marijuana use patterns and substance use disorders. METHODS: Data are from 2013 to 2015 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N = 24,057 respondents aged 50+ years). Bivariate logistic regression was used to compare risk perceptions among never users, former users, and past-year users aged 50+ years...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222077/can-facebook-reduce-perceived-anxiety-among-college-students-randomized-controlled-exercise-trial-using-the-transtheoretical-model-of-behavior-change
#6
Emily Frith, Paul Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest social media may be an attractive strategy to promote mental health and wellness. There remains a need to examine the utility for individually tailored wellness messages posted to social media sites such as Facebook to facilitate positive psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to extend the growing body of evidence supporting the potential for social media to enhance mental health. We evaluated the influence of an 8-week social media intervention on anxiety in college students and examined the impact of dynamic (active) versus static (passive) Facebook content on physical activity behaviors...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221709/the-use-of-contact-lenses-among-university-students-in-chengdu-knowledge-and-practice-of-contact-lens-wearers
#7
Qiurong Zhu, Bi Yang, Nan Deng, Yifan Li, Tingwei Wang, Huang Qi, Longqian Liu
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and general knowledge of contact lens wearers among college students in Chengdu, a metroplolitan of Chinaand find out the routine habits of use and hygienic conditions when wearing contact lenses. METHOD: The questionnaire was distributed to 1,600 ametropic participants who were from 8 different universities. Data about demographics, general contact lens handling habits, personal attitudes, hygiene behaviors and eye health conditions were collected...
December 5, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219880/the-health-information-technology-competencies-tool-does-it-translate-for-nursing-informatics-in-the-united-states
#8
Carolyn Sipes, Kathleen Hunter, Dee McGonigle, Karen West, Taryn Hill, Toni Hebda
Information technology use in healthcare delivery mandates a prepared workforce. The initial Health Information Technology Competencies tool resulted from a 2-year transatlantic effort by experts from the US and European Union to identify approaches to develop skills and knowledge needed by healthcare workers. It was determined that competencies must be identified before strategies are established, resulting in a searchable database of more than 1000 competencies representing five domains, five skill levels, and more than 250 roles...
December 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216206/the-psychometric-properties-of-a-shortened-dutch-version-of-the-consequences-scale-used-in-the-core-alcohol-and-drug-survey
#9
Sara De Bruyn, Edwin Wouters, Koen Ponnet, Joris Van Damme, Guido Van Hal
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and drug misuse among college students has been studied extensively and has been clearly identified as a public health problem. Within more general populations alcohol misuse remains one of the leading causes of disease, disability and death worldwide. Conducting research on alcohol misuse requires valid and reliable instruments to measure its consequences. One scale that is often used is the consequences scale in the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey (CADS). However, psychometric studies on the CADS are rare and the ones that do exist report varying results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215604/dietary-factors-and-female-breast-cancer-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Ji Hyun Kim, Jeonghee Lee, So-Youn Jung, Jeongseon Kim
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer in females and has become a major global health priority. This prospective cohort study investigated the association of dietary factors, including food items and dietary habits, with the risk of breast cancer in Korean women. Study participants were women aged 30 years or older, recruited from the National Cancer Center in South Korea between August 2002 and May 2007. They were followed until December 2014 using the Korea Central Cancer Registry to identify breast cancer cases...
December 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215402/quality-and-safety-in-health-care-part-xxxiv-the-pinnacle-registry
#11
Jay A Harolds
The PINNACLE (Practice INNovation And Clinical Excellence) program was started in 2008 by the American College of Cardiology and its National Cardiovascular Data Registry. This was the first and now the largest countrywide prospective registry to improve care quality for cardiac outpatients. The registry focuses on reporting about the adherence to guidelines in treating individuals with high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease, and/or cardiac failure.
December 5, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214852/factor-structure-of-the-brief-comprehensive-effects-of-alcohol-scale-in-adolescents
#12
Lindsay S Ham, Byron L Zamboanga, Alan Meca, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Sam A Hardy, Lauren E Hurd
Alcohol use among adolescents is a public health concern; therefore, it is important that studies that examine factors associated with adolescent drinking behaviors utilize measures that are well-validated for use with this population. The current study examined the factor structure and convergent validity of the Brief Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol scale, a measure of alcohol outcome expectancies and evaluations of expected outcomes, among adolescents ( N = 1,074; 50% girls; Mage = 15.96 years, SD = 1.13, range = 13-18; 74% White) drawn from three independent studies ( nsite 1 = 594; nsite 2 = 97; and nsite 3 = 383)...
March 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214827/the-impact-of-protective-behavioral-strategy-use-frequency-on-blood-alcohol-concentrations-among-student-drinkers-nationwide
#13
Adam E Barry, Ashley L Merianos
PURPOSE: This study assessed whether college student (1) protective behavioral strategy (PBS) use differed between those who reached legal intoxication during their most recent drinking episode compared to those who did not reach the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) threshold, and (2) frequency of PBS use could explain the variance associated with BAC during the most recent drinking episode, above and beyond one's sex, age, and involvement in the Greek system. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of the American College of Health Association's National College Health Assessment...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214813/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-active-lions-a-campaign-to-promote-active-travel-to-a-university-campus
#14
Melissa Bopp, Dangaia Sims, Stephen A Matthews, Liza S Rovniak, Erika Poole, Joanna Colgan
PURPOSE: To outline the development, implementation, and evaluation of a multistrategy intervention to promote active transportation, on a large university campus. DESIGN: Single group pilot study. SETTING: A large university in the Northeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: University students (n = 563), faculty and staff (employees, n = 999) were included in the study. INTERVENTION: The Active Lions campaign aimed to increase active transportation to campus for all students and employees...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212483/fast-food-consumption-and-its-associations-with-obesity-and-hypertension-among-children-results-from-the-baseline-data-of-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#15
Yaling Zhao, Liang Wang, Hong Xue, Huijun Wang, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: China has seen rapid increase in obesity and hypertension prevalence and fast food consumption over the past decade. We examined status and risk factors for Western- and Chinese fast food consumption and their associations with health outcomes in Chinese children, and examined how maternal factors were associated with child health outcomes. METHODS: Data of 1626 students aged 7-16 (11.6 ± 2.0) years and their parents in four mega-cities across China (Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an) were collected in the 2015 baseline survey of the Childhood Obesity Study in China Mega-cities...
December 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210592/the-recent-pathology-residency-graduate-job-search-experience-a-synthesis-of-5-years-of-college-of-american-pathologists-job-market-surveys
#16
Dita Gratzinger, Kristen A Johnson, Mark D Brissette, David Cohen, Amyn M Rojiani, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cindy B McCloskey, Cory A Roberts, Ronald E Domen, Michael L Talbert, Suzanne Z Powell
CONTEXT: - Pathology residents and fellows tailor their training and job search strategies to an actively evolving specialty in the setting of scientific and technical advances and simultaneous changes in health care economics. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the experience and outcome of the job search process of pathologists searching for their first non-fellowship position. DESIGN: - The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Graduate Medical Education Committee has during the past 5 years sent an annual job search survey each June to CAP junior members and fellows in practice 3 years or less who have actively searched for a non-fellowship position...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210207/prevalence-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-a-suburban-srilankan-adult-female-population-a-population-based-study
#17
Akalanka Prashansanie Hettihewa, Nalika S Gunawardena, Inoshi Atukorala, Fazliya Hassan, Indra N Lekamge, David J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) has not been assessed in Sri Lanka, since 2006. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of clinical KOA and radiographic KOA and to assess the severity of it, among adult females of a suburban setting in Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a representative sample of 666 females aged 50 years or more resident in Pita Kotte Medical Officer of Health area. Four physiotherapy graduates applied American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria by performing the clinical assessment in the households...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210133/health-disparities-across-education-the-role-of-differential-reporting-error
#18
Anna Choi, John Cawley
One of the most robust findings in health economics is that higher educated individuals tend to be in better health. This paper tests whether health disparities across education are to some extent due to differences in reporting error across education. We test this hypothesis using data from the pooled National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 1999-2012, which include both self-reports and objective verification for an extensive set of health behaviors and conditions, including smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes...
December 6, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209668/salivary-parameters-among-arabian-snuff-shammah-users
#19
Mohammed S Al-Ak'hali, Esam S Halboub, Osama H Mujam, Noor M Alahmar, Salehah A Jerah, Fahad A Mutawwam
To evaluate the salivary flow rate (SFR),  pH, and buffer capacity (BC) among healthy shammah users (SU) in comparison with healthy non-shammah users (NSU). Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between March 2016 and May 2017. A sample of 27 SU and 30 NSU were recruited. Unstimulated saliva was collected and SFR, pH, and BC were determined. Dental health was assessed using the decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index.  Results: Shammah users were slightly older than NSU (28...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208881/clinicopathological-assessment-of-colorectal-carcinoma-in-mymensingh-medical-college-hospital-bangladesh
#20
M M Mahamud, F Wahed, J Ferdous, M K Khan
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in both men and women in the US. It is mainly a disease of the developed countries with a western culture, yet the disease is not uncommon in developing countries. There is substantial geographical variation in the incidence and demographic characteristics of the disease. Variations are also observed in the risk factors, mode of presentation, sub site distribution and stage of the disease at presentation...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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