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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031090/recreational-drug-use-and-risk-of-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shenzhen-china
#1
Chenlin Duan, Lan Wei, Yitian Cai, Lin Chen, Zhengrong Yang, Wei Tan, Yongxia Gan, William W Au, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: Recreational drug use has increased in recent years, especially among MSM, and has been found to be associated with higher risk of HIV infection. However, there is limited information about current recreational drug use among MSM in Shenzhen which is an international gateway city to China with a rapidly expanding MSM population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among MSM in Shenzhen was conducted and was used to collected information on demographics, sexual behavior and drug use via questionnaires...
October 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030321/destination-specific-risks-of-acquisition-of-notifiable-food-and-waterborne-infections-or-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-finnish-international-travellers-1995-2015
#2
Viktor Zöldi, Jussi Sane, Anu Kantele, Ruska Rimhanen-Finne, Saara Salmenlinna, Outi Lyytikäinen
BACKGROUND: Overnight international travels made by Finns more than doubled during 1995-2015. To estimate risks and observe trends of travel-related notifiable sexually transmitted and food- and water-borne infections (STIs and FWIs) among travellers, we analysed national reports of gonorrhoea, syphilis, hepatitis A, shigellosis, campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis cases and related them to travel statistics. METHOD: Cases notified as travel-related to the Finnish infectious diseases register were used as numerators and overnight stays of Statistics Finland surveys as denominator...
October 10, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030149/clinical-management-of-women-presenting-with-field-effect-of-hpv-and-intraepithelial-disease
#3
REVIEW
T S Adams, N H Mbatani
Anogenital human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted infection acquired through skin-to-skin contact. Most infections are cleared by an intact immune system. Persistence of these infections results in precancerous lesions and, eventually, to cancers of the cervix, vagina, vulva, and perianal area. The introduction of the prophylactic human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccinations may reduce the incidence of these infections, but the effect of these vaccinations will be seen only in the decades that follow...
September 6, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029645/on-the-implications-of-desexualizing-vaccines-against-sexually-transmitted-diseases-reflections-from-a-practicing-pediatrician
#4
Amanda F Dempsey
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination holds great promise for drastically reducing the incidence of HPV-associated cancers of the genital tract, and possibly also certain head and neck cancers. Unfortunately, rates of HPV vaccine utilization among adolescents are low in many countries. Many research studies have identified the fact that HPV is a sexually transmitted infection as a barrier to higher vaccination rates. This is related to providers' and parents' reluctance to discuss or consider the burgeoning sexuality of their child...
October 13, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028416/differences-in-risky-sexual-behavior-according-to-sexual-orientation-in-korean-adolescents
#5
Ji-Su Kim, Kyunghee Kim, Yeunhee Kwak
Adolescents in sexual minority groups are known to be at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases through risky sexual behavior. However, few studies have examined associations between sexual orientation and risky sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases in Korean adolescents. Therefore, this cross-sectional study used raw data from the Tenth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey to explore these relationships. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations between risky sexual behavior and sexual orientation in adolescents...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025633/association-between-male-circumcision-and-women-s-biomedical-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#6
Jonathan M Grund, Tyler S Bryant, Inimfon Jackson, Kelly Curran, Naomi Bock, Carlos Toledo, Joanna Taliano, Sheng Zhou, Jorge Martin Del Campo, Ling Yang, Apollo Kivumbi, Peizi Li, Sherri Pals, Stephanie M Davis
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV and some sexually transmitted infections from heterosexual exposure, and is essential for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have also investigated associations between male circumcision and risk of acquisition of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in women. We aimed to review all evidence on associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes to benefit women's health programmes. METHODS: In this systematic review we searched for peer-reviewed and grey literature publications reporting associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes up to April 11, 2016...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020835/quantifying-benefits-of-using-health-information-exchange-to-support-public-health-sti-reporting-and-treatment-in-western-new-york
#7
Saira N Haque, Heather Territo, Robert Bailey, Barbara Massoudi, Ross Loomis, Gale Burstein
OBJECTIVE: To calculate average savings of using health information exchange (HIE) for demographic and treatment requests for chlamydia and gonorrhoea in Western New York, specifically the Erie County Department of Health and its catchment area. METHOD: We conducted a mixed-method case study. Qualitative methods included interviews, document review, and workflow mapping, which were used as the inputs to identify time savings. Case rates, time savings, and salary averages were used to calculate average savings...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018586/sex-practices-and-awareness-of-ebola-virus-disease-among-male-survivors-and-their-partners-in-guinea
#8
Mandy Kader Kondé, Moustapha Keita Diop, Marie Yvonne Curtis, Abdoulaye Barry, Saidou Kouyaté, Ludovica Ghilardi, Sékou Kouyaté, Aissatou Malal Diallo, N'faly Magassouba, Isadora Quick, Mory Keïta, Miles W Carroll, Josep Jansa, Lorenzo Subissi
INTRODUCTION: Towards the end of the 2013-2016 West African outbreak, sexually-transmitted Ebola virus re-emerged from Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors in all three hardest hit countries. We explore sex practices and awareness of the risk of Ebola virus transmission among EVD survivors and their partners. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited a convenience sample of study participants aged >15 years who were male EVD survivors, their sexual partners and a comparison group...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991940/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-often-missed-in-primary-care
#9
Adrienne A Williams
DeSean W, a 47-year-old man, returned to his primary care clinic with a new complaint of epigastric burning that had been bothering him for the past 4 months. He had tried several over-the-counter remedies, which provided no relief. He also remained concerned--despite assurances to the contrary at previous clinic visits--that he had contracted a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) after going to a bar one night 4 to 5 months ago. At 2 other clinic visits since that time, STD test results were negative. At this current visit, symptoms and details of sexual history were unchanged since the last visit, with the exception of the epigastric pain...
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989988/a-risk-based-model-for-predicting-the-impact-of-using-condoms-on-the-spread-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#10
Asma Azizi, Karen Ríos-Soto, Anuj Mubayi, James M Hyman
We create and analyze a mathematical model to estimate the impact of condom-use and sexual behavior on the prevalence and spread of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). STIs remain a significant public health challenge globally with a high burden of some Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) in both developed and undeveloped countries. Although condom-use is known to reduce the transmission of STIs, there are a few quantitated population-based studies on the protective role of condom-use in reducing the incidence of STIs...
February 2017: Infectious disease modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985234/pathogenesis-and-sexual-transmission-of-spondweni-and-zika-viruses
#11
Erin M McDonald, Nisha K Duggal, Aaron C Brault
The Spondweni serogroup of viruses (Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) is comprised of Spondweni virus (SPONV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), which are mosquito-borne viruses capable of eliciting human disease. Numerous cases of ZIKV sexual transmission in humans have been documented following the emergence of the Asian genotype in the Americas. The African ZIKV genotype virus was previously implicated in the first reported case of ZIKV sexual transmission. Reports of SPONV infection in humans have been associated with non-specific febrile illness, but no association with sexual transmission has been reported...
October 6, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983958/management-of-syphilis-in-pregnancy-knowledge-and-practices-of-health-care-providers-and-barriers-to-the-control-of-disease-in-teresina-brazil
#12
Danielle Carvalho Rodrigues, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues
AIMS: The aim of the study is to verify the knowledge and practices of health professionals working in prenatal care (PNC) related with syphilis during pregnancy and to identify the main barriers to the implementation of protocols for the control of this disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in Teresina, Brazil, from January to May 2015, was conducted with 366 physicians and nurses working in PNC, corresponding to 70% of eligible professionals. We evaluated 20 knowledge and practice criteria related to the diagnosis and treatment of syphilis during pregnancy with a 95% compliance standard...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983400/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-uptake-in-canada-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Yelena Bird, Olatunji Obidiya, Razi Mahmood, Chijioke Nwankwo, John Moraros
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most commonly sexually transmitted infection in the world and the primary cause of cervical cancer. Canada introduced publicly funded HPV vaccination programs in 2006. The objectives of this study are twofold and aim to (1) determine the levels and (2) examine the various factors influencing vaccine uptake among the general Canadian population. A literature search was conducted on seven databases, followed by screening, methodological quality review (using modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale), and data extraction...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982092/health-outcomes-associated-with-crack-cocaine-use-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#14
REVIEW
Ainslie J Butler, Jürgen Rehm, Benedikt Fischer
BACKGROUND: Crack-cocaine use is prevalent largely in socio-economically marginalized populations in the Americas. Its use has been associated with diverse health outcomes, yet no recent or systematic reviews of these exist. METHODS: A systematic review of health outcomes associated with crack-cocaine use was performed, using MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and LILACS up to October 2016. Search terms included crack-cocaine and health outcome-related keywords, targeting peer-reviewed studies on quantified health outcomes associated with crack-cocaine use...
September 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980376/hepatitis-a-outbreak-in-barcelona-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-january-june-2017-a-hospital-perspective
#15
Sergio Rodríguez-Tajes, Elena Perpiñán, Berta Caballol, Sabela Lens, Zoe Mariño, Josep Costa, Anna Vilella, Sofía Pérez-Del-Pulgar, Xavier Forns, George Koutsoudakis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute hepatitis A is transmitted mainly via the fecal-oral route and/or contaminated aliment. Furthermore, several outbreaks in the men who have sex with men (MSM) population classified hepatitis A as a sexually transmitted disease (STD). We aimed to clarify an ongoing hepatitis A outbreak in Barcelona with respect to patients' characteristics and viral phylogenetic analysis. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 46 cases of hepatitis A infection that were registered in our hospital between January and June 2017...
October 4, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976126/unilateral-angiokeratoma-of-vulva-a-rare-clinic-entity
#16
Aytekin Tokmak, Demet Kokanalı, Nagihan Özcan Cengaver, Gülçin Yıldırım, Ali I Rfan Güzel, Nafiye Yılmaz
The aim of this study is to present a very rare dermatologic condition of the vulva. Angiokeratoma is a benign dilation of ectatic thin-walled blood vessels and congested capillaries in the superficial dermal layer of skin. It occurs predominantly in men and extremely rare in women. Angiokeratoma presents as single or multiple papular lesions on the vulva with smooth or verrucous surface. These lesions are easily confused with infectious disease, inflammatory lesions, and epithelial tumors. In this report, we presented a 42 year old unmarried woman who was admitted to our clinic with complaints of two papuler lesions of the right labium majus with vaginal discharge, vulvar pruritis, and vulvar edema...
September 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975968/underserved-populations-and-bacterial-and-protozoal-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-lost-health-care-opportunity
#17
V Fiore, G Latte, G Madeddu, G Galleri, G Rocchitta, S Nuvoli, D Calvisi, P Bagella, R Manetti, P A Serra, A Spanu, S Babudieri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our review is an update about the burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among various types of underserved populations, such as migrants, substance abusers, homeless and incarcerated inmates. First-line test and treatment based on the latest available evidence according to the revised guidelines of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have also been considered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive research using scientific databases such as Medline and Pubmed, followed by a review of citations and reference list...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973120/costing-essential-services-package-provided-by-a-non-governmental-organization-network-in-bangladesh
#18
Wu Zeng, Yara A Halasa, Marion Cros, Halida Akhter, Allyala Krishna Nandakumar, Donald S Shepard
The health profile of Bangladesh has improved remarkably, yet gaps in delivering quality health care remain. In response to the need for evidence to quantify resources for providing health services in Bangladesh, this study estimates unit costs of providing the essential services package (ESP) in the not-for-profit sector. This study used a stratified sampling approach to select 18 static clinics, which had fixed facilities, from 330 non-profit clinics under Smiling Sun network in Bangladesh. Costs were estimated from the providers' perspective, using both top-down and bottom-up methods, from July 2014 to June 2015...
August 31, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965098/study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-rape-on-women-s-health-and-their-use-of-health-services-in-south-africa
#19
Naeemah Abrahams, Soraya Seedat, Carl Lombard, Andre P Kengne, Bronwyn Myers, Alesha Sewnath, Shibe Mhlongo, Gita Ramjee, Nasheeta Peer, Claudia Garcia-Moreno, Rachel Jewkes
INTRODUCTION: South Africa is a country known for its high levels of HIV infection and sexual violence. Although the interface between gender-based violence, HIV and mental health has been described, there are substantial gaps in knowledge of the medium-term and long-term health impact. The 2010 Global Burden of Disease study excluded many health outcomes associated with rape and other forms of gender-based violence because systematic reviews revealed huge gaps in data and poor evidence of health effects...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956167/the-genetic-diversity-of-metronidazole-susceptibility-in-trichomonas-vaginalis-clinical-isolates-in-an-egyptian-population
#20
Aida A Abdel-Magied, El-Said I El-Kholya, Salwa M Abou El-Khair, Eman S Abdelmegeed, Marwa M Hamoudaa, Sara A Mohamed, Nora Labeeb El-Tantawy
Trichomoniasis is the most common curable sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Resistance to metronidazole in treating trichomoniasis is a problematic health issue. We aimed to determine the minimum lethal concentration (MLC) of metronidazole for Trichomonas vaginalis isolates detected in Mansoura, Egypt and studied the genotypic profile of these isolates. Vaginal swab specimens were obtained from 320 symptomatic and 100 asymptomatic females, for whom clinical examination, vaginal discharge wet mount, Giemsa stain, and culture in modified Diamond's media were performed...
September 27, 2017: Parasitology Research
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