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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211266/-non-febrile-syndromes-in-the-traveler-returning-from-tropical-regions-admitted-in-a-monographic-unit
#1
A Anula-Morales, B Martin-Giner, M Hernández-Cabrera, C Carranza-Rodríguez, E Pisos-Álamo, N Jaén-Sánchez, J L Pérez-Arellano
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyse those syndromes without fever in travellers who return from tropical regions evaluated at our Department of Infectology and Tropical Medicine. Clarifying these conditions intends to reach earlier diagnoses and, perhaps, to avoid the emergence and spread of imported diseases, as well as to establish appropriate preventive measures. METHODS: An observational descriptive transversal study was performed, selecting those patients who returned from tropical regions without fever (n = 281), amongst all travellers evaluated in our department between 1998 and 2013...
February 17, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209207/recombinant-%C3%AE-actinin-subunit-antigens-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-as-potential-vaccine-candidates-in-protecting-against-trichomoniasis
#2
Yi-Ting Xie, Jiang-Mei Gao, Ya-Ping Wu, Petrus Tang, Geoff Hide, De-Hua Lai, Zhao-Rong Lun
BACKGROUND: Human trichomoniasis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases with more than 200 million cases worldwide. It has caused a series of health problems to patients. For prevention and control of infectious diseases, vaccines are usually considered as one of the most cost-efficient tools. However, until now, work on the development of T. vaginalis vaccines is still mainly focused on the screening of potential immunogens. Alpha-actinin characterized by high immunogenicity in T...
February 16, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201979/wide-variation-in-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-and-counselling-at-aboriginal-primary-health-care-centres-in-australia-analysis-of-longitudinal-continuous-quality-improvement-data
#4
Barbara Nattabi, Veronica Matthews, Jodie Bailie, Alice Rumbold, David Scrimgeour, Gill Schierhout, James Ward, Rebecca Guy, John Kaldor, Sandra C Thompson, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are readily treatable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) which continue to occur at high rates in Australia, particularly among Aboriginal Australians. This study aimed to: explore the extent of variation in delivery of recommended STI screening investigations and counselling within Aboriginal primary health care (PHC) centres; identify the factors associated with variation in screening practices; and determine if provision of STI testing and counselling increased with participation in continuous quality improvement (CQI)...
February 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198345/-a-woman-with-mohawks-on-the-vaginal-wall
#5
T C M de Sutter, A Logmans, I Dierickx
A 27-year-old female was seen with exophytic protrusions on the vaginal wall. Biopsy showed a squamous papilloma. This benign tumour is an expression of a non-oncogenic human papillomavirus infection. Although treatment is not necessary, screening for sexual transmitted diseases is advised.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196298/human-to-human-transmission-of-brucella-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Felipe F Tuon, Regina B Gondolfo, Natacha Cerchiari
OBJECTIVE: The most common form of transmitting human brucellosis is through contaminated food or direct contact with infected animals. Human-to-human transmission (HHT) has been described as isolated case reports. The aim of this systematic review was to describe all cases of HHT of human brucellosis reported in the medical literature. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Scopus and Scielo databases using specific search terms published until March 2016...
February 14, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188030/unveiling-of-hiv-dynamics-among-transgender-women-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#7
Beatriz Grinsztejn, Emilia M Jalil, Laylla Monteiro, Luciane Velasque, Ronaldo I Moreira, Ana Cristina F Garcia, Cristiane V Castro, Alícia Krüger, Paula M Luz, Albert Y Liu, Willi McFarland, Susan Buchbinder, Valdilea G Veloso, Erin C Wilson
BACKGROUND: The burden of HIV in transgender women (transwomen) in Brazil remains unknown. We aimed to estimate HIV prevalence among transwomen in Rio de Janeiro and to identify predictors of newly diagnosed HIV infections. METHODS: We recruited transwomen from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by respondent-driven sampling. Eligibility criteria were self-identification as transwomen, being 18 years of age or older, living in Rio de Janeiro or its metropolitan area, and having a valid peer recruitment coupon...
February 7, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185995/study-protocol-community-links-to-establish-alcohol-recovery-clear-for-women-leaving-jail
#8
Jennifer E Johnson, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Bradley Anderson, Megan Kurth, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
PURPOSE: This article describes the protocol for a randomized effectiveness trial of a method to link alcohol use disordered women who are in pretrial jail detention with post-release 12-step mutual help groups. BACKGROUND: Jails serve 15 times more people per year than do prisons and have very short stays, posing few opportunities for treatment or treatment planning. Alcohol use is associated with poor post-jail psychosocial and health outcomes including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, especially for women...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185741/clearance-of-tritrichomonas-foetus-in-experimentally-infected-heifers-protected-with-vaccines-based-on-killed-t-foetus-with-different-adjuvants
#9
Lumila I Fuchs, Marcelo C Fort, Dora Cano, Carina M Bonetti, Hugo D Giménez, Pablo M Vázquez, Diana Bacigalupe, Javier D Breccia, Carlos M Campero, Jorge A Oyhenart
Tritrichomonas foetus is a flagellated protozoan that causes a sexually transmitted disease in cattle. Trichomonosis is characterized by early abortions, subfertility and a significant decrease in productivity. Vaccine preparations containing whole T. foetus can reduce the time of residence of the pathogen in the host cervix after experimental infection. Here, T. foetus vaccines prepared with different adjuvants were tested, in parallel with a commercial vaccine, for their efficacy to clear the infection. The median time for clearance of infection was 69days in non-immunized animals, 55days in animals treated with aluminum hydroxide, 41days with oil-in-water or saponin based vaccines or with a commercial vaccine and 27days in animals treated with saponin plus aluminum hydroxide...
February 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178398/delphi-survey-of-clinical-nursing-and-midwifery-research-priorities-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#10
Carolyn Sun, Jennifer Dohrn, Arwa Oweis, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Fathieh Abu-Moghli, Hania Dawani, Cheherezade Ghazi, Elaine Larson
PURPOSE: As the shortage of nurses and midwives is expected to worsen in the Eastern Mediterranean region concomitantly with a growing focus on achievement of universal health coverage, nurses and midwives are expected to fill major gaps in health care. Hence, the need for a solid evidence base for nursing practice and a clear direction for clinical nursing research are paramount. Therefore, a Delphi survey was conducted to determine clinical (research focused on patient outcomes) nursing and midwifery priorities for research within this region...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176645/prevention-interventions-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-military-settings
#11
Michael Grillo, Margo Sloan, Che Wankie, Kelly Woodland, Elizabeth Reader, Bruce Porter, Caroline Macera, Richard Shaffer
Military prevention programs and healthy living programs were developed in the mid-1980s to manage and support newly HIV-positive military personnel in the US military. Since then, a program developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with support from the Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP), called Positive Health, Dignity and Prevention (PHDP), is currently being rolled out by DHAPP in partner militaries. The program, designed to reduce HIV transmission, is a package of interventions for people living with HIV (PLHIV), including risk reduction counseling, condom provision, disclosure counseling, testing of sexual partner(s) and children, adherence counseling, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, and provision of family planning services...
February 7, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168593/a-community-needs-index-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-program-planning-application-of-spatial-generalized-linear-mixed-models
#12
Glen D Johnson, Kristine Mesler, Marilyn A Kacica
Objective The objective is to estimate community needs with respect to risky adolescent sexual behavior in a way that is risk-adjusted for multiple community factors. Methods Generalized linear mixed modeling was applied for estimating teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) incidence by postal ZIP code in New York State, in a way that adjusts for other community covariables and residual spatial autocorrelation. A community needs index was then obtained by summing the risk-adjusted estimates of pregnancy and STD cases...
February 6, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167539/chemically-modified-human-serum-albumin-potently-blocks-entry-of-ebola-pseudoviruses-and-virus-like-particles
#13
Haoyang Li, Fei Yu, Shuai Xia, Yufeng Yu, Qian Wang, Ming Lv, Yan Wang, Shibo Jiang, Lu Lu
Ebola virus (EBOV), causative pathogen of the deadly Ebola virus disease (EVD), can be transmitted via contact with EVD patients, including sexual contact with EVD survivors. At present, no licensed vaccine or therapeutic is available. In this study, we compared eight anhydride-modified proteins for their inhibitory activity against entry of the pseudovirus (PsV) carrying the envelope glycoprotein (GP) of EBOV Zaire or Sudan species. We found that 3-hydroxyphthalic anhydride-modified human serum albumin (HP-HSA) was most effective in inhibiting entry of both Zaire-PsV and Sudan-PsV, with EC50 at nanomolar level, more potent than EBOV-neutralizing antibody, MIL77-2 (4G7)...
February 6, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166759/sexual-health-status-of-women-who-have-regular-sexual-relations-with-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-mainland-china
#14
Xiufang Li, Beichuan Zhang, Juan Wang, Yang Li, Xianhong Li, Peiheng Yu, Minghua Liu, Xinqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk group for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In China, the vast majority of MSM feel forced to marry or plan to marry women, according to traditional Chinese culture. Women who have regular sexual relations with MSM, called tongqi in mainland China, live with a high risk of STDs or HIV infection, but these risks are often ignored. Our investigation of this group of the women is a preliminary study that aims to understand the sexual health problems of tongqi and related factors...
February 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166738/knowledge-of-hiv-infection-and-other-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-finland
#15
Tarja Suominen, Teppo Heikkinen, Marja Pakarinen, Anne-Mari Sepponen, Jari Kylmä
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe what is known about HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, infection transmission routes, care, and sources of information, from the viewpoint of men having sex with men. METHODS: National data (n = 2,072) was collected from June to August 2010 in Finland as part of a joint internet-based survey conducted in 38 countries (EMIS, European MSM Internet Sex Survey). RESULTS: The respondents' age, place of residence, highest education and employment status were statistically significantly related to how often the respondent sought information on HIV, testing and treatments, and what they knew about infection transmission routes...
February 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163288/clinical-significance-of-human-intestinal-spirochetosis-a-retrospective-study
#16
Satoko Umeda, Hiroshi Serizawa, Taku Kobayashi, Takahiko Toyonaga, Eiko Saito, Masaru Nakano, Hajime Higuchi, Satoshi Tsunematsu, Noriaki Watanabe, Toshifumi Hibi, Shojiro Morinaga
The clinical and pathological features of human intestinal spirochetosis (HIS) are not well known. Here we report 55 patients with HIS who were diagnosed at our institution during the past 5 years. Seven patients presented with symptoms such as abdominal pain or diarrhea, while the others were incidentally diagnosed during screening colonoscopy. Most patients had non-specific endoscopic findings, including intestinal edema or erosion. The diagnosis of HIS was histologically confirmed via hematoxylin and eosin staining, periodic acid-Schiff staining, and/or immunohistochemistry using anti-Treponema pallidum antibody...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161356/a-retrospective-cross-sectional-quantitative-molecular-approach-in-biological-samples-from-patients-with-syphilis
#17
Miguel Pinto, Minia Antelo, Rita Ferreira, Jacinta Azevedo, Irene Santo, Maria José Borrego, João Paulo Gomes
Syphilis is the sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a pathogen highly adapted to the human host. As a multistage disease, syphilis presents distinct clinical manifestations that pose different implications for diagnosis. Nevertheless, the inherent factors leading to diverse disease progressions are still unknown. We aimed to assess the association between treponemal loads and dissimilar disease outcomes, to better understand syphilis. We retrospectively analyzed 309 DNA samples distinct anatomic sites associated with particular syphilis manifestations...
February 2, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153038/priority-gaps-and-promising-areas-in-maternal-health-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-summary-findings-of-a-mapping-of-2292-publications-between-2000-and-2012
#18
EDITORIAL
Matthew F Chersich, Greg Martin
This commentary sums the findings of a series of papers on a study that mapped the global research agenda for maternal health. The mapping reviewed published interventional research across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from 2000 to 2012, specifically focusing on investigating the topics covered by this research, the methodologies applied, the funding landscape and trends in authorship attribution.The overarching aim underpinning the mapping activities was to evaluate whether research and funding align with causes of maternal mortality, and thereby highlight gaps in research priorities and governance...
February 2, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151066/-i-don-t-want-to-be-that-guy-walking-in-the-feminine-product-aisle-a-photovoice-exploration-of-college-men-s-perceptions-of-safer-sex-responsibility
#19
Jean M Breny, Deirdre C Lombardi
Incidence and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to increase among young heterosexual men and women in the United States. Although research studies examine the reasons why these young people are not engaging in safe sex behavior, many have not explored factors beyond individual behaviors. Much of the current research focuses on young women, for the most part leaving men out of the equation. In this study, a Photovoice methodology was used to examine social norms, media messaging and perceptions of responsibility surrounding safe sex practices, specifically condom use, among male heterosexual undergraduate students...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149137/clinico-epidemiological-analysis-of-hiv-aids-patients
#20
Baris Ertunc, Selcuk Kaya, Iftihar Koksal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine clinico-epidemiological properties of HIV/AIDS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this purpose, 115 HIV/AIDS patients monitored in our clinic between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 2013, were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: For the 115 patients with a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS that we monitored, the mean age at the time of presentation was 34.5±13.21 (10-79) years. Eighty-nine (76.5%) patients were male and 27 (23...
October 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
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