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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630768/plastic-surgery-inclusion-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-perception-challenges-and-career-choice-a-comparative-study
#1
M Farid, R Vaughan, S Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The undergraduate medical curriculum has been overcrowded with core learning outcomes with no formal exposure to plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare medical students from two educational settings for the basic understanding, preferred learning method, and factors influencing a career choice in plastic surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study based on a web-based anonymous questionnaire sent to final year medical students at Birmingham University (United Kingdom), McGill University (Canada), and a control group (non-medical staff)...
2017: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626745/investigating-the-effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-reducing-chronic-pain-in-patients-with-pes-anserine-bursitis-a-randomized-clinical-controlled-trial
#2
Saeid Khosrawi, Parisa Taheri, Marziyeh Ketabi
BACKGROUND: Knee pain, is one of the most common causes of patients' referring to physiatric clinics, and several factors, are involved in its creation. One of these factors is pes anserine bursitis (PAB) for which various treatment methods are used. This study aims to investigate the effect of this method on reducing chronic pain in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted in 2013- 2014 on patients with PAB referring to academic, physical medicine clinics...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626601/long-term-efficacy-of-gmp-grade-xeno-free-hesc-derived-rpe-cells-following-transplantation
#3
Trevor J McGill, Osnat Bohana-Kashtan, Jonathan W Stoddard, Michael D Andrews, Neelay Pandit, Lior R Rosenberg-Belmaker, Ofer Wiser, Limor Matzrafi, Eyal Banin, Benjamin Reubinoff, Nir Netzer, Charles Irving
PURPOSE: Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) dysfunction underlies the retinal degenerative process in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and thus RPE cell replacement provides an optimal treatment target. We characterized longitudinally the efficacy of RPE cells derived under xeno-free conditions from clinical and xeno-free grade human embryonic stem cells (OpRegen) following transplantation into the subretinal space of Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats. METHODS: Postnatal (P) day 20 to 25 RCS rats (n = 242) received a single subretinal injection of 25,000 (low)-, 100,000 (mid)-, or 200,000 (high)-dose xeno-free RPE cells...
June 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#4
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615999/development-and-validation-of-arabic-version-of-the-short-form-mcgill-pain-questionnaire
#5
Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Siny Tsang, Abdullah Abolkhair, Mohammed Alsharif, Mousa Alswiti, Adwa Alsadoun, Usama Saleh AlZoraigi, Saleh F Aldhahri, Tariq Al-Zhahrani, Khaild Ali Altirkawi
INTRODUCTION: The Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) is a widely used tool for qualitative and quantitative pain assessment. Our aim was to translate, culturally adapt, and validate the SF-MPQ in Arabic. METHODS: A systematic translation process was used to translate the original English SF-MPQ into Arabic. After the pilot study, we validated our version in patients with chronic pain at two tertiary care centers. We tested the reliability of our version using internal consistency and test-retest reliability...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614969/short-hospitalization-after-caesarean-delivery-effects-on-maternal-pain-and-stress-at-discharge
#6
Vincenzo Zanardo, Lara Giliberti, Francesca Volpe, Alphonse Simbi, Pietro Guerrini, Matteo Parotto, Gianluca Straface
PURPOSE: To characterize predischarge maternal pain and stress after Caesarean delivery and short hospitalization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study with 60 women in the postoperative period of Caesarean section and 60 control women after vaginal delivery. Pain and stress were measured by McGill Pain Questionnaire (MGPQ, Melzack and Torgerson, 1971) and by the Stress Measure (Psychological Stress Measure (PSM), Lemyre, 1987), respectively at mother-infant dyad discharge, scheduled at 36 hours after delivery...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614952/phirst-trial-pharmacist-consults-prioritization-of-hiv-patients-with-a-referral-screening-tool
#7
Catherine Awad, Arnaud Canneva, Charles-Olivier Chiasson, Annie Galarneau, Mireille E Schnitzer, Nancy L Sheehan, Alison Yj Wong
The role of pharmacists in HIV outpatient clinics has greatly increased in the past decades. Given the limited resources of the health system, the prioritization of pharmacist consults is now a main concern. This study aimed to create a scoring system allowing for standardized prioritization of pharmacist consults for patients living with HIV. Data was retrospectively collected from 200 HIV patients attending the Chronic Viral Illness Service at the McGill University Health Center. An expert panel consisting of four pharmacists working in the field of HIV prioritized each patient individually, after which a consensus was established and was considered as the gold standard...
June 14, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601269/the-bougie-and-first-pass-success-in-the-emergency%C3%A2-department
#8
Brian Driver, Kenneth Dodd, Lauren R Klein, Ryan Buckley, Aaron Robinson, John W McGill, Robert F Reardon, Matthew E Prekker
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The bougie may improve first-pass intubation success in operating room patients. We seek to determine whether bougie use is associated with emergency department (ED) first-pass intubation success. METHODS: We studied consecutive adult ED intubations at an urban, academic medical center during 2013. Intubation events were identified by motion-activated video recording. We determined the association between bougie use and first-pass intubation success, adjusting for neuromuscular blockade, video laryngoscopy, abnormal airway anatomy, and whether the patient was placed in the sniffing position or the head was lifted off the bed during intubation...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599901/esrd-after-heart-failure-myocardial-infarction-or-stroke-in-type%C3%A2-2-diabetic-patients-with-ckd
#9
David M Charytan, Scott D Solomon, Peter Ivanovich, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Mark E Cooper, Janet B McGill, Hans-Henrik Parving, Patrick Parfrey, Ajay K Singh, Emmanuel A Burdmann, Andrew S Levey, Dick de Zeeuw, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, John J V McMurray, Brian Claggett, Eldrin F Lewis, Marc A Pfeffer
BACKGROUND: How cardiovascular (CV) events affect progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), particularly in the setting of type 2 diabetes, remains uncertain. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 4,022 patients with type 2 diabetes, anemia, and chronic kidney disease from the Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp Therapy (TREAT). PREDICTOR: Postrandomization CV events. OUTCOMES: ESRD (defined as initiation of dialysis for >30 days, kidney transplantation, or refusal or nonavailability of renal replacement therapy) and post-ESRD mortality within 30 days and during overall follow-up after an intercurrent CV event...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594632/high-prevalence-of-physical-pain-among-treatment-seeking-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Laura M Heath, Joel Paris, Lise Laporte, Kathryn J Gill
Research has demonstrated that about 30% of chronic pain patients suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD), yet pain is not often discussed in research on the treatment of BPD. Sixty-five patients entering outpatient treatment for BPD were assessed at baseline for the prevalence of DSM-IV lifetime pain disorder, current medical problems, and the experience of current pain as measured by the McGill Pain Questionnaire. DSM-IV lifetime pain disorder diagnosis was present in 65% of patients. Current pain was experienced by 89% of participants, with intensity ranging from mild (19%) to excruciating (2%)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585875/continuous-glucose-monitoring-with-multiple-daily-insulin-treatment-outcome-studies
#11
Janet B McGill, Andrew Ahmann
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is developing into an increasingly useful tool for glucose monitoring and therapeutic guidance in the treatment of diabetes. Multiple daily doses of insulin (MDI) is the most common method for intensive insulin treatment of type 1 diabetes and is also becoming more common in the treatment of type 2 diabetes as an increasing population with type 2 diabetes experiences progressive beta cell loss. The clinical evidence demonstrating the benefit of CGM in the outcomes of patients treated with MDI is becoming clearer, particularly with the recent completion of several randomized clinical trials addressing both type 1 and 2 diabetes...
June 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581346/therapeutic-alliance-and-group-cohesion-in-an-online-support-program-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-lessons-from-recapture-life
#12
Brittany C McGill, Ursula M Sansom-Daly, Claire E Wakefield, Sarah J Ellis, Eden G Robertson, Richard J Cohn
Psychological support services for adolescent and young adults (AYAs) with cancer are moving online and are increasingly peer based. It is unclear whether online service delivery impacts critical therapeutic elements such as collaborative patient-therapist rapport and group cohesion. AYA cancer survivors (N = 39) participating in a six-week online cognitive-behavioral therapy group program-"Recapture Life"-rated their perception of therapeutic alliance and group cohesion. Participant-rated alliance and group cohesion were high throughout the program, and therapist-rated participant openness, trust, and motivation strengthened over time...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572763/a-statistical-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-harmonic-surprise-and-preference-in-popular-music
#13
Scott A Miles, David S Rosen, Norberto M Grzywacz
Studies have shown that some musical pieces may preferentially activate reward centers in the brain. Less is known, however, about the structural aspects of music that are associated with this activation. Based on the music cognition literature, we propose two hypotheses for why some musical pieces are preferred over others. The first, the Absolute-Surprise Hypothesis, states that unexpected events in music directly lead to pleasure. The second, the Contrastive-Surprise Hypothesis, proposes that the juxtaposition of unexpected events and subsequent expected events leads to an overall rewarding response...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566193/efficacy-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-primary-motor-cortex-anode-and-contralateral-supraorbital-area-cathode-on-clinical-pain-severity-and-mobility-performance-in-persons-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-experimenter-and-participant-blinded-randomized
#14
Hyochol Ahn, Adam J Woods, Mark E Kunik, Abhishek Bhattacharjee, Zhiguo Chen, Eunyoung Choi, Roger B Fillingim
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with anode over motor cortex (M1) and cathode over contralateral supraorbital region (SO) may be effective in reducing pain, but these studies are limited in number and have not focused on older adults with osteoarthritis (OA). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preliminary efficacy and safety of M1-SO applied tDCS on clinical pain severity and mobility performance in adults with knee OA pain...
May 19, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542317/systematic-review-of-dietary-salt-reduction-policies-evidence-for-an-effectiveness-hierarchy
#15
Lirije Hyseni, Alex Elliot-Green, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Chris Kypridemos, Martin O'Flaherty, Rory McGill, Lois Orton, Helen Bromley, Francesco P Cappuccio, Simon Capewell
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention strategies now prioritise four major risk factors: food, tobacco, alcohol and physical activity. Dietary salt intake remains much higher than recommended, increasing blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and stomach cancer. Substantial reductions in salt intake are therefore urgently needed. However, the debate continues about the most effective approaches. To inform future prevention programmes, we systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of possible salt reduction interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541548/unidirectional-cross-resistance-in-german-cockroach-blattodea-blattellidae-populations-under-exposure-to-insecticidal-baits
#16
Dangsheng Liang, Jade McGill, Jose E Pietri
Insect pests, including the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), are prone to the development of physiological resistance when exposed to a number of insecticide sprays, and cross-resistance is frequently observed. Toxic baits are often used as a primary method of controlling German cockroaches, also resulting in heavy selection pressure from insecticidal baits. In response to this pressure, cockroach populations have developed aversion to specific inert ingredients in bait. Here, we examined the effect of exposure to baits containing fipronil, indoxacarb, or hydramethylnon on the development of physiological resistance to the same and other insecticides in a number of German cockroach strains...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539886/corrigendum-mechanosensory-neuron-aging-differential-trajectories-with-lifespan-extending-alaskan-berry-and-fungal-treatments-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#17
Courtney Scerbak, Elena Vayndorf, Alicia Hernandez, Colin McGill, Barbara Taylor
[This corrects the article on p. 173 in vol. 8, PMID: 27486399.].
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539693/quality-based-procedures-for-knee-replacement-hip-replacement-and-hip-fracture-physiotherapists-perceptions-of-adherence-barriers-and-facilitators
#18
Kirsti J E Reinikka, Denise Taylor, Sylvia Daniel, Stacey Burns-Hogan, Brittany DePass, Laura McGill, Michael McLeod, Susan Safadi, Sandy Veit
Purpose: This mixed-methods study examined the perceived barriers to and facilitators of implementing best-practice guidelines (BPGs) and adhering to provincial Quality-Based Procedures (QBPs) by Ontario physiotherapists working with patients after total knee replacement (TKR), total hip replacement (THR), and hip fracture (HF). Method: Using snowball sampling, 93 hospital and home care physiotherapists working with patients after TKR, THR, or HF completed a Web-based survey. A subset of these participated in follow-up semi-structured telephone interviews...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533569/the-influence-of-concrete-support-on-child-welfare-program-engagement-progress-and-recurrence
#19
Whitney L Rostad, Tia McGill Rogers, Mark J Chaffin
Families living in poverty are significantly more likely to become involved with child welfare services, and consequently, referred to interventions that target abusive and neglectful parenting practices. Program engagement and retention are difficult to achieve, possibly because of the concrete resource insufficiencies that may have contributed to a family's involvement with services in the first place. Various strategies have been used to enhance program completion, such as motivational interventions, monetary incentives, and financial assistance with concrete needs...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529110/the-double-cup-construct-a-novel-treatment-strategy-for-the-management-of-paprosky-iiia-and-iiib-acetabular-defects
#20
Jonathan E Webb, Robert J McGill, Brian T Palumbo, Wayne E Moschetti, Daniel M Estok
BACKGROUND: Treatment of massive acetabular bone loss in revision total hip arthroplasty is complex, and various treatment strategies have been described. We describe a novel technique of using a Trabecular Metal Revision Shell as a buttress augment creating a "double-cup" construct rather than the use of custom triflanges or cup-cage constructs for Paprosky types IIIA and IIIB acetabular defects. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 double-cup cases at a mean of 2...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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