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encephalomyelitis disseminata

Gerwyn Morris, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: 'Encephalomyelitis disseminata' (multiple sclerosis) and myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) are both classified as diseases of the central nervous system by the World Health Organization. This review aims to compare the phenomenological and neuroimmune characteristics of MS with those of ME/CFS. DISCUSSION: There are remarkable phenomenological and neuroimmune overlaps between both disorders. Patients with ME/CFS and MS both experience severe levels of disabling fatigue and a worsening of symptoms following exercise and resort to energy conservation strategies in an attempt to meet the energy demands of day-to-day living...
September 17, 2013: BMC Medicine
C Sandig, C Flechtenmacher, W Stremmel, C Eisenbach
A female patient receiving pantoprazole during a corticosteroid therapy for encephalomyelitis disseminata developed severe acute hepatitis one month after initiation of pantoprazole treatment. Other causes of hepatic dysfunction including viral hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, haemochromatosis or Wilson's disease were excluded. Liver biopsy showed severe hepatic lesions with extensive necroses of the parenchyma. One week after discontinuation of pantoprazole the liver function began to improve and gradually the patient fully recovered...
February 2011: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
W Winkelmüller, M Winkelmüller
INTRODUCTION: From 1 August 1983 to 6 June 1992, 284 patients underwent decompression of the trigeminal root in the rear part of the skull as treatment for tic douloureux. According to preoperative diagnosis and intraoperative inspection, a space-occupying process was the cause of the typical neuralgia in 13 cases (4 meningiomas, 3 epidermoid tumours, 3 acoustic neuromas and 2 trigeminal neuromas). In 271 cases (95.4%) microsurgical vascular decompression according to Jannetta was carried out...
December 1994: Der Schmerz
Uta Dierssen, Fabienne Rehren, Cornelia Henke-Gendo, Gabi Harste, Albert Heim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study provides a one-step transcription/real-time (TaqMan probe) PCR assay (TM-PCR) with new consensus primer and probe sequences for generic detection of human pathogenic enteroviruses including difficult to detect ones like for instance Echovirus 30. The amplicon included parts of domain IV and V of the highly conserved internal ribosomal entry site. Generic detection was confirmed by testing a panel of 41 prototypes representing all five human enterovirus/poliovirus species...
May 2008: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
S Robinson, A Pitkäranta
AIM: To compile imaging findings in patients with vocal fold paralysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical charts of 100 consecutive patients, admitted to our department with vocal fold paralysis was undertaken. After laryngoscopy, patients were referred for radiological work-up depending on their clinical history and clinical findings. Ultrasound of the neck and/or contrast-enhanced spiral computed tomography (CT) of the neck and mediastinum was performed, extending to include the whole chest if necessary...
October 2006: Clinical Radiology
H Barth, A Guseo, R Klein
BACKGROUND: Proteolytic enzymes such as bromelain and trypsin are used as an adjuvant therapeutic approach in the treatment of chronic inflammatory, malignant and autoimmune diseases. In vitro studies have shown that proteolytic enzymes modulate surface adhesion molecules on T-cells. In this study we analysed the influence of bromelain and trypsin on the cytokine production and proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with a classical cellular mediated autoimmune disorder, namely encephalomyelitis disseminata (ED) as well as from healthy controls...
August 17, 2005: European Journal of Medical Research
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1950: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 1954: HNO
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 1954: Münchener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Beate Dick, Wolfgang Schreiber, Ulrich Schu, Kiyoshi Shiratori, Jürgen-Christian Krieg
The frequent occurrence of psychiatric syndromes in encephalomyelitis disseminata is known to obscure its diagnosis. We here report on the case of a 19-year-old female patient presenting symptoms of anorexia nervosa and subsequently diagnosed as suffering from encephalomyelitis disseminata. High dose corticoid treatment resulted in a nearly complete remission of the neurological symptoms as well as the normalization of her eating behaviour. Our case report underscores the importance of considering 'organic' aetiology in patients with symptoms of distinct eating disorders...
October 2002: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
S Merkelbach, C Kölmel, K Schimrigk
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered as a T-cell mediated autoimmune disease. Caused by central nervous system demyelination and axonal damage varying clinical signs do occur either with relapsing-remitting or with chronic progressive course. Based on pathogenetic considerations immunomodulative and immunosuppressive therapeutical approaches are used to limit the disease progression. Clinical symptoms, diagnostic criteria, pathogenetical considerations, and consecutive therapeutical interventions are summarized...
November 2000: Der Radiologe
F L Welter, I Meyer-Hoepfel, S Preis
Owing to the changes in the laws governing the health care system, medical rehabilitation for patients treated as in-patients is becoming increasingly a subject of discussion, especially for chronic illnesses. Using multiple sclerosis (encephalomyelitis disseminata) as an example, a special database is used to examine the courses, contents, improvements or deteriorations seen in in-patient rehabilitation as experienced by 901 patients who were in rehabilitation clinic in the years 1995-1998. This period was selected to allow the ascertainment of possible effects of far-reaching changes in the law taking effect from autumn 1996 onward...
February 2000: Die Rehabilitation
M Brunken, S Sagehorn, A Leppien, A Müller-Jensen, E Halves
We report the clinical course of a 48 year old woman, who underwent a cranial MRI-examination in 1995, which confirmed the diagnosis of encephalomyelitis disseminata, but also showed a left temporal venous malformation without evidence of prior hemorrhage. Three month after immunosuppressive treatment with Methotrexate in 1997 begun, first hemorrhage in the left temporal lobe occurred with de novo formation of a cavernoma in association to the known venous malformation. The lesion was totally removed after stereotactic guided craniotomy without any complication...
1999: Zentralblatt Für Neurochirurgie
R J Boerner, H P Kapfhammer
Two hundred and twelve patients with clinically evidenced encephalomyelitis disseminata (ED), hospitalized in a neurological hospital, were observed with regard to psychopathological characteristics and cognitive changes in conformity with ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. The basis of this investigation was a standardized psychiatric interview. The age of the patients averaged 47 years whereas the duration of the disease averaged 14.3 years. 83.5% of the patients had a disease history of more than 6 years. The medium range of EDSS scores was 5...
1999: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
G Häring, S Behrendt, B Nölle, G Ciriack
BACKGROUND: Bilateral simultaneous acute amaurosis as a primary manifestation of demyelinating disease is extremely rare. PATIENT: The clinical course of a 24-year-old patient who initially presented with a bilateral complete loss of vision is demonstrated. Morphologically both optic discs appeared slightly blurred and prominent. Otherwise there were no anterior and posterior segment abnormalities. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid revealed an increased number of cells and protein without oligoclonal bands...
May 1998: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
M Stieve, T Stöver, C Nölle, T Lenarz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1997: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
R J Boerner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1996: Psychiatrische Praxis
U Zwergel, W H Jost, T Lindenmeir, T Zwergel
Patients with disseminated encephalomyelitis have various urological presentations, ranging from pollakisuria to urge incontinence. After detailed evaluation (neuro-urological examination, urodynamic investigation) drug therapy and various interventional methods must be adapted to the individual manifestations. Patients with detrusor hyperreflexia are treated with oral anticholinergic agents (oxybutynin, trospium chloride, propiverine). Patients with urinary retention are recommended to be managed with clean intermittent (self)-catheterisation...
December 1995: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
K W Fritz, T Hau, S Zielazek, P Diesener, M Voigt
We report an oesophageal foreign body in a patient with a seizure disorder secondary to encephalitis disseminata who was transferred to our department of neurosurgery because of rising intracranial pressure. He presented with confusion, motor aphasia, and dysphagia. However, the diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure could not be confirmed clinically or by computed tomography. A routine chest X-ray film showed a dental prosthesis projecting on the area of the hypopharynx. Bronchoscopy and oesophagoscopy showed the denture to be lodged in the hypopharynx, but it was impossible to remove it endoscopically...
October 1994: Der Anaesthesist
H C Estler, J Deckert, G Riedmann, T Becker, K P Lesch
A patient who showed Lilliputian hallucinations and negative hallucinations in the course of probable disseminated encephalomyelitis is described. At the age of 14 years the patient experienced a transient, flaccid paresis of the right leg. Eighteen years later she suddenly developed paranoid-hallucinatory symptoms accompanied by atypical visual hallucinations. She did not recover completely and until now she has suffered at least once every year from an episode with psychotic symptoms. During the most recent of these episodes, MRI revealed several disseminated supra- and infratentorial foci in the brain...
1995: Psychopathology
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