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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345409/osteoarthritis-in-football
#1
Gian M Salzmann, Stefan Preiss, Marcy Zenobi-Wong, Laurent P Harder, Dirk Maier, Jirí Dvorák
Football is currently the most popular sporting activity in the world. Multiple reports have shown that a high incidence of osteoarthritis is found in football players. Evidence clearly shows that traumatic injury significantly predisposes players for such pathophysiology. Injuries are frequent in amateur as well as professional football players, with knee and ankle accounting for the most severe injuries. Many professional athletes lose playing time due to injuries and many are forced into early retirement...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341726/rest-and-treatment-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Kathryn J Schneider, John J Leddy, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Tad Seifert, Michael McCrea, Noah D Silverberg, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Grant L Iverson, Alix Hayden, Michael Makdissi
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence regarding rest and active treatment/rehabilitation following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL (EbscoHost), PsycInfo (OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (OVID), SPORTDiscus (EbscoHost), EMBASE (OVID) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses Global (Proquest) were searched systematically...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338405/physiological-responses-to-treadmill-running-with-body-weight-support-in-hypoxia-compared-to-normoxia
#3
Ben J Lee, Charles Douglas Thake
CONTEXT: Anecdotal reports suggest elite sports clubs combine lower body positive pressure (LBPP) rehabilitation with a hypoxic stimulus in order to maintain or increase physiological and metabolic strain, which are reduced during LBPP. However the effects of hypoxia on cardiovascular and metabolic response during LBPP rehabilitation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the use of normobaric hypoxia as a means to increase physiological strain during body weight supported (BWS) running...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331375/negative-psychological-responses-of-injury-and-rehabilitation-adherence-effects-on-return-to-play-in-competitive-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Andreas Ivarsson, Ulrika Tranaeus, Urban Johnson, Andreas Stenling
Previous research offers evidence that psychological factors influence an injured athlete during the rehabilitation process. Our first objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the results from all published studies that examined the relationships among negative affective responses after sport injuries, rehabilitation adherence, and return to play (RTP). The second objective was to use a meta-analytic path analysis to investigate whether an indirect effect existed between negative affective responses and RTP through rehabilitation adherence...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325087/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-of-45-studies
#5
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: Understanding barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS is an essential first step in order to devise effective interventions. The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the physical activity correlates in people with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched till August 2016. Keywords included "physical activity" or "exercise" or "sports" and "AIDS" or "HIV". RESULTS: Out of 55 correlates from 45 studies (N = 13,167; mean age range = 30...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325082/-i-do-like-the-activities-which-i-can-do%C3%A2-leisure-participation-experiences-of-children-with-movement-impairments
#6
Parimala S Kanagasabai, Hilda Mulligan, Leigh A Hale, Brigit Mirfin-Veitch
AIM: To explore in depth the leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. METHODS: We used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach to interpret and understand the experiences of 22 children with movement impairments, aged between 6 and 12 years. Children expressed their views through flexible child-centred methods of data collection that allowed the children to draw, paint, use stickers, and demonstrate their leisure activities and equipment while communicating about their experiences...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324999/surface-electromyography-based-muscle-fatigue-analysis-for-stroke-patients-at-different-brunnstrom-stages
#7
Yinjun Tu, Zhe Zhang, Xudong Gu, Qiang Fang
Muscle fatigue analysis has been an important topic in sport and rehabilitation medicine due to its role in muscle performance evaluation and pathology investigation. This paper proposes a surface electromyography (sEMG) based muscle fatigue analysis approach which was specifically designed for stroke rehabilitation applications. 14 stroke patients from 5 different Brunnstrom recovery stage groups were involved in the experiment and features including median frequency and mean power frequency were extracted from the collected sEMG samples for investigation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323803/patient-response-to-an-integrated-orthotic-and-rehabilitation-initiative-for-traumatic-injuries-the-prioriti-mtf-study
#8
Joseph R Hsu, Johnny G Owens, Jennifer DeSanto, John R Fergason, Kevin M Kuhn, Benjamin K Potter, Daniel J Stinner, Robert G Sheu, Sandra L Waggoner, Jason M Wilken, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
Although limb salvage is now possible for many high-energy open fractures and crush injuries to the distal tibia, ankle, hindfoot, and midfoot, orthotic options are limited. The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom, energy-storing carbon fiber orthosis developed for trauma patients undergoing limb salvage. The IDEO differs from other orthoses in that it allows patients with ankle weakness to have more normal ankle biomechanics and increased ankle power. This article describes the design of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the IDEO when delivered together with a high-intensity, sports medicine-based approach to rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322596/motor-imagery-during-action-observation-increases-eccentric-hamstring-force-an-acute-non-physical-intervention
#9
Matthew Scott, Stephen Taylor, Paul Chesterton, Stefan Vogt, Daniel Lloyd Eaves
PURPOSE: Rehabilitation professionals typically use motor imagery (MI) or action observation (AO) to increase physical strength for injury prevention and recovery. Here we compared hamstring force gains for MI during AO (AO + MI) against two pure MI training groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 3-week intervention physically fit adults imagined Nordic hamstring exercises in both legs and synchronized this with a demonstration of the same action (AO + MI), or they purely imagined this action (pure MI), or imagined upper-limb actions (pure MI-control)...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306643/accuracy-and-reliability-of-assessing-lateral-compartmental-leg-composition-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#10
Christiana J Raymond, Tyler A Bosch, Foster K Bush, Lisa S Chow, Donald R Dengel
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the accuracy and reliability of a novel dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning method in the frontal plane for total, fat, and lean mass quantification of the anterior and posterior upper leg compartments. METHODS: Twenty-one (11 females; X¯age = 20.3 ± 1.3 yr) college athletes were assessed for total and regional body composition using DXA. The segmentation of anterior/posterior thigh compartments was measured with participants lying on their right and left sides and the scanned leg elevated with two foam pads...
April 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303744/tibial-fixation-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Wei Wen Timothy Teo, Ching Sing Nicholas Yeoh, Teck Huat Andy Wee
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether supplementary tibial graft fixation with a staple is routinely necessary for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a series of consecutive patients who underwent ACL reconstruction at our institution from April 2012 to July 2013. Patients who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into two groups, of which one with tibial fixation of the graft with a biointerference screw alone (biointerference screw group) and the other with tibial fixation of the graft with a biointerference screw and supplementary extra tunnel staple fixation (biointerference screw and staple group)...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301433/a-comparison-of-bilateral-muscular-imbalance-ratio-calculations-using-functional-tests
#12
Theodoros M Bampouras, Susan Dewhurst
Bilateral muscular imbalance can increase the risk of injury and negatively impact sporting performance. Bilateral muscular imbalances are typically calculated as ((side 1-side 2)/reference value) x 100, to provide a percentage value of the difference between limbs. Using different numerator (right-left or strong-weak) or reference values (left, right, strong, weak, average of the two) could mask or inflate the true difference value. The present study aimed to compare the bilateral muscular imbalance ratio calculations, using the absolute difference between limbs as the numerator and the five different options as reference values...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290704/predicting-manual-therapy-treatment-success-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-improving-self-reported-function
#13
Eric A Wikstrom, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT: Therapeutic modalities that stimulate sensory receptors around the foot-ankle complex improve chronic ankle instability (CAI)-associated impairments. However, not all patients have equal responses to these modalities. Identifying predictors of treatment success could improve clinician efficiency when treating patients with CAI. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a response analysis on existing data to identify predictors of improved self-reported function in patients with CAI...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290466/incidence-of-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-czech-republic-a-prospective-epidemiological-study-2006-2015
#14
J Kriz, M Kulakovska, H Davidova, M Silova, A Kobesova
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of epidemiological data about acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in the Czech Republic over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). METHODS: A data collection system was implemented in the rehabilitation centres which provides care to patients with acute SCI in the Czech Republic. The recorded variables are as follows: age at time of SCI; gender; cause of injury; neurological level of injury (NLI); and its severity (ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS))...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286964/factors-impacting-participation-in-sports-for-children-with-limb-absence-a-qualitative-study
#15
Batoul Sayed Ahmed, Marena Lamy, Debra Cameron, Lisa Artero, Sandra Ramdial, Matthew Leineweber, Jan Andrysek
BACKGROUND: Individuals with limb absence benefit from participating in sports. While barriers and facilitators affecting sport participation are well documented for adults, they have not been explored for children with limb absence. PURPOSE: To identify the perceived factors impacting participation in sports according to children with limb absence and their parents. METHODS: This study uses a descriptive qualitative study design. Nineteen participants, consisting of children and their parents, were recruited from an outpatient hospital clinic for semi-structured interviews...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284238/applying-current-concepts-in-pain-related-brain-science-to-dance-rehabilitation
#16
Sarah B Wallwork, Valeria Bellan, G Lorimer Moseley
Dance involves exemplary sensory-motor control, which is subserved by sophisticated neural processing at the spinal cord and brain level. Such neural processing is altered in the presence of nociception and pain, and the adaptations within the central nervous system that are known to occur with persistent nociception or pain have clear implications for movement and, indeed, risk of further injury. Recent rapid advances in our understanding of the brain's representation of the body and the role of cortical representations, or "neurotags," in bodily protection and regulation have given rise to new strategies that are gaining traction in sports medicine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279267/astronaut-adherence-to-exercise-based-reconditioning-psychological-considerations-and-future-directions
#17
Carly D McKay, Martyn Standage
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-based reconditioning is essential for mitigating the negative physiological and functional effects of spaceflight. Astronaut adherence to prescribed reconditioning programmes is imperative, but there has been limited research in this area. PURPOSE: This commentary discusses adherence predictors in analogous terrestrial populations (sport, clinical rehabilitation, general exercise) that may translate to spaceflight environments. IMPLICATIONS: Reconditioning programmes should foster intrinsic motivation, realistic outcome expectancies, self-regulation skills, and strong therapeutic alliances to promote ongoing exercise adherence...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277402/a-multifactorial-criteria-based-progressive-algorithm-for-hamstring-injury-treatment
#18
Jurdan Mendiguchia, Enrique Martinez-Ruiz, Pascal Edouard, Jean-Benoît Morin, Francisco Martinez-Martinez, Fernando Idoate, Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
INTRODUCTION: Given the prevalence of hamstring injuries in football, a rehabilitation program that effectively promotes muscle tissue repair and functional recovery is paramount to minimize re-injury risk and optimize player performance and availability. PURPOSE: To assess the concurrent effectiveness of administering an individualized and multifactorial criteria-based algorithm (RA) on hamstring injury rehabilitation in comparison to employing a general rehabilitation protocol (RP)...
March 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269683/classification-of-squat-quality-with-inertial-measurement-units-in-the-single-leg-squat-mobility-test
#19
Rezvan Kianifar, Alex Lee, Sachin Raina, Dana Kulic
Many assessment and diagnosis protocols in rehabilitation, orthopedic surgery and sports medicine rely on mobility tests like the Single Leg Squat (SLS). In this study, a set of three Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) were used to estimate the joint pose during SLS and to classify the SLS as poor, moderate or good. An Extended Kalman Filter pose estimation method was used to estimate kinematic joint variables, and time domain features were generated based on these variables. The most important features were then selected and used to train Support Vector Machine (SVM), Linear Multinomial Logistic Regression, and Decision Tree classifiers...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267929/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
Failla MJ, Logerstedt DS, Grindem H, et al. Does extended pre-operative rehabilitation influence outcomes 2 years after ACL reconstruction? A comparative effectiveness study between MOON and Delaware-Oslo ACL cohorts. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(10):2608-2614. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546516652594 ).
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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