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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458150/pink1-protects-auditory-hair-cells-and-spiral-ganglion-neurons-from-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity-via-inducing-autophagy-and-inhibiting-jnk-signaling-pathway
#1
Qianqian Yang, Gaoying Sun, Haiyan Yin, Hongrui Li, Zhixin Cao, Jinghan Wang, Meijuan Zhou, Haibo Wang, Jianfeng Li
Phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) gene encodes a serine/threonine kinase, which acts as a molecular sensor of mitochondrial health necessary for mitochondrial quality control. The present study was designed to examine whether PINK1 expressed in C57BL/6 murine cochlea and HEI-OC1 cells and, if so, to investigate the possible mechanisms underlying the action of PINK1 in cisplatin-induced death of sensory hair cells (HCs) and spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) in vitro. The expression pattern of PINK1, formation of parkin particles, and autophagy were determined by immunofluorescent staining...
February 16, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457563/novel-use-of-the-cochlear-%C3%A2-hybrid-ci24reh-cochlear-implant
#2
Yahya Atiya, Mohamed Razwi Ahmed, Dani Schlesinger-Michelow
Cochlear implantation is becoming more widespread. From its early days to date, huge strides have been made in the technology and surgical technique. However, one challenge remains: implanting malformed or abnormal cochleae. Even more challenging is a cochlea that appears normal at first glance, but is not. We present a case of a child with chondrodysplasia punctata, who had apparently morphologically normal inner ears, but with one major obstacle: the cochlea was smaller than normal in all dimensions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case described, and the solution is a novel one as well...
May 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456935/radiological-evaluation-of-cochlear-orientation-and-its-implications-in-cochlear-implantation
#3
Avvaru Satya Kiran, Ajoy Mathew Varghese, Aparna Irodi, Anjali Lepcha, John Mathew, Visalakshi Jeyaseelan
To test whether there are variations in cochlear orientation with respect to age and sex, and its relevance in cochlear implant surgery. Implant otologists rely upon the anatomic landmarks including the facial recess and round window niche and round window membrane for accessibility and placement of electrode array into scala tympani of basal turn of cochlea. Anecdotally, surgeons note variations in cochlear orientation with respect to age. Cochlear orientation studied radiologically by pre-operative CT scan of temporal bone can guide a Surgeon's approach to cochlear implantation...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455623/rare-case-of-bilateral-aural-atresia-and-cochlear-dysplasia-when-cochlear-implantation-is-not-the-answer
#4
Maja Svrakic
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Reports of patients with concurrent middle and inner ear anomalies are rare. These patients present a surgical challenge for cochlear implantation. The surgical risk must be weighed against the predicted benefit of the patient's hearing outcome and subsequent development of speech and language as well as their quality of life. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Thirteen-year-old boy presented to the Otology clinic for auditory rehabilitation options...
February 17, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452830/usefulness-of-reconstructed-3d-images-for-cochlear-implantation-in-a-case-with-a-facial-nerve-anomaly
#5
Kenichi Nakamura, Mari Shimada Dias, Toru Sasaki, Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Makoto Ito
Facial nerve anomalies are a potential problem in patients with cochleovestibular malformations. A case of cochlear implant (CI) surgery in the presence of intra-temporalbone facial nerve bifurcation is presented. During the first surgery, the facial nerve bifurcation obscured the promontory and round window. It was difficult to perform cochleostomy because of the lack of landmarks of the basal turn of the cochlea, and the first surgical attempt at cochleostomy was abandoned. A repeat CT scan was performed after the first surgery with reconstructed 3D images of the temporal bone and the cochlea, and then the cochlea was successfully opened at revision surgery...
February 14, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451905/otoacoustic-emissions-from-ears-with-spontaneous-activity-behave-differently-to-those-without-stronger-responses-to-tone-bursts-as-well-as-to-clicks
#6
W Wiktor Jedrzejczak, Krzysztof Kochanek, Henryk Skarzynski
It has been reported that both click-evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOAEs) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) have higher amplitudes in ears that possess spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs). The general aim of the present study was to investigate whether the presence of spontaneous activity in the cochlea affected tone-burst evoked otoacoustic emissions (TBOAEs). As a benchmark, the study also measured growth functions of CEOAEs. Spontaneous activity in the cochlea was measured by the level of synchronized spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SSOAEs), an emission evoked by a click but closely related to spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs, which are detectable without any stimulus)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451220/critical-role-of-sdf-1-cxcr4-signaling-pathway-in-stem-cell-homing-in-the-deafened-rat-cochlea-after-acoustic-trauma
#7
Ali Asghar Peyvandi, Navid Ahmady Roozbahany, Hassan Peyvandi, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh, Niloofar Majdinasab, Mohammad Faridan, Somayeh Niknazar
Previous animal studies have shown that stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) signaling pathway plays an important role in the targeted migration of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to the injured area. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of chemotactic SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling pathway in the homing of transplanted BMSCs to the injured cochlea after noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in a rat model. White noise exposure (110 dB) paradigm was used for hearing loss induction in male rats for 6 hours in 5 days...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449721/bi-allelic-inactivating-variants-in-the-coch-gene-cause-autosomal-recessive-prelingual-hearing-impairment
#8
Sebastien P F JanssensdeVarebeke, Guy Van Camp, Nils Peeters, Ellen Elinck, Josine Widdershoven, Tony Cox, Kristof Deben, Katrien Ketelslagers, Tom Crins, Wim Wuyts
Pathogenic variant in COCH are a known cause of DFNA9 autosomal dominant progressive hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction with adult onset. Hitherto, only dominant nonsynonymous variants and in-frame deletions with a presumed dominant negative or gain-of-function effect have been described. Here, we describe two brothers with congenital prelingual deafness and a homozygous nonsense c.292C>T(p.Arg98*) COCH variant, suggesting a loss-of-function effect. Vestibular dysfunction starting in the first decade was observed in the older patient...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447806/pediatric-meniere-s-disease
#9
Chi Wang, Chien-Hao Wu, Po-Wen Cheng, Yi-Ho Young
OBJECTIVE: This study adopted an inner ear test battery comprising audiometry, and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP), cervical VEMP (cVEMP), and caloric tests to investigate the sequence of inner ear deficits in pediatric Meniere's disease (MD). METHODS: From 2005 to 2016, a total of 24 MD children aged <15 years old underwent otoscopy, CT scan, blood test, and an inner ear test battery. Nine subjects were males and 15 were females, with mean age of 12 years...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445157/enhanced-viral-mediated-cochlear-gene-delivery-in-adult-mice-by-combining-canal-fenestration-with-round-window-membrane-inoculation
#10
Hidekane Yoshimura, Seiji B Shibata, Paul T Ranum, Richard J H Smith
Cochlear gene therapy holds promise for the treatment of genetic deafness. Assessing its impact in adult murine models of hearing loss, however, has been hampered by technical challenges that have made it difficult to establish a robust method to deliver transgenes to the mature murine inner ear. Here in we demonstrate the feasibility of a combined round window membrane injection and semi-circular canal fenestration technique in the adult cochlea. Injection of both AAV2/9 and AAV2/Anc80L65 via this approach in P15-16 and P56-60 mice permits robust eGFP transduction of virtually all inner hair cells throughout the cochlea with variable transduction of vestibular hair cells...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445111/fluvastatin-protects-cochleae-from-damage-by-high-level-noise
#11
Claus-Peter Richter, Hunter Young, Sonja V Richter, Virginia Smith-Bronstein, Stuart R Stock, Xianghui Xiao, Carmen Soriano, Donna S Whitlon
Exposure to noise and ototoxic drugs are responsible for much of the debilitating hearing loss experienced by about 350 million people worldwide. Beyond hearing aids and cochlear implants, there have been no other FDA approved drug interventions established in the clinic that would either protect or reverse the effects of hearing loss. Using Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) in a guinea pig model, we demonstrate that fluvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonate pathway, protects against loss of cochlear function initiated by high intensity noise...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443515/tuning-inner-ear-tip-link-affinity-through-alternatively-spliced-variants-of-protocadherin-15
#12
Yoshie Narui, Marcos Sotomayor
Human hearing relies upon the tip-to-tip interaction of two non-classical cadherins, protocadherin-15 (PCDH15) and cadherin-23 (CDH23). Together, these proteins form a filament called the tip link that connects neighboring stereocilia of mechanosensitive hair cells. As sound waves enter the cochlea, the stereocilia deflect and tension is applied to the tip link opening nearby transduction channels. Disruption of the tip link by loud sound or calcium chelators eliminates transduction currents and illustrates that tip-link integrity is critical for mechanosensing...
February 14, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436610/decreased-expression-of-tert-correlated-with-postnatal-cochlear-development-and-proliferation-reduction-of-cochlear-progenitor-cells
#13
Yong-Li Song, Ke-Yong Tian, Wen-Juan Mi, Zhong-Jia Ding, Yang Qiu, Fu-Quan Chen, Ding-Jun Zha, Jian-Hua Qiu
Cochlear progenitor cells are considered as one of the best candidates for hair cell regeneration, thus, the regulation of cochlear progenitor cell proliferation has become a focus in this field. Several genes expressed in the inner ear during postnatal development have been demonstrated to be involved in maintaining the proliferative potential of progenitor cells, but the mechanism for regulating the proliferation and differentiation of cochlear progenitor cells remains poorly understood. Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) has rate limiting telomerase activity and the overexpression of TERT has been shown to promote cell proliferation in series of cell lines...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434534/assessment-of-cochlear-function-during-cochlear-implantation-by-extra-and-intracochlear-electrocochleography
#14
Adrian Dalbert, Flurin Pfiffner, Marco Hoesli, Kanthaiah Koka, Dorothe Veraguth, Christof Roosli, Alexander Huber
Objective: The aims of this study were: (1) To investigate the correlation between electrophysiological changes during cochlear implantation and postoperative hearing loss, and (2) to detect the time points that electrophysiological changes occur during cochlear implantation. Material and Methods: Extra- and intracochlear electrocochleography (ECoG) were used to detect electrophysiological changes during cochlear implantation. Extracochlear ECoG recordings were conducted through a needle electrode placed on the promontory; for intracochlear ECoG recordings, the most apical contact of the cochlear implant (CI) electrode itself was used as the recording electrode...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429820/direct-bone-conduction-stimulation-ipsilateral-effect-of-different-transducer-attachments-in-active-transcutaneous-devices
#15
Cristina Rigato, Sabine Reinfeldt, Bo Håkansson, Karl-Johan Fredén Jansson, Erik Renvall, Måns Eeg-Olofsson
Active transcutaneous bone conduction devices, where the transducer is implanted, are used for rehabilitation of hearing impaired patients by directly stimulating the skull bone. The transducer and the way it is attached to the bone play a central role in the design of such devices. The actual effect of varying the contact to bone has not been addressed yet. The aim of this study is therefore to compare how different attachment methods of the transducer to the bone for direct stimulation affect the ear canal sound pressure and vibration transmission to the ipsilateral cochlea...
January 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429181/-effect-of-melatonin-on-expression-of-prestin-protein-in-the-inner-ear-of-mice-following-radiotherapy
#16
T Chen, W Zhang, Y Liang, Q Li, C Yang, Y X Yuan, M L Ban
Objective: To investigate the effect of melatonin on the expression of prestin protein in the inner ear of mice following a single dose radiation therapy, so as to provide the basis for the mechanism study of radiation induced inner ear injury and its prevention. Methods: Sixty 4-week-old male mice were randomly divided into six groups, including the control group (A group), 50 mg/kg MLT group (B group), 5 mg/kg MLT group (C group), 50 mg/kg MLT + radiotherapy group (D group), 5 mg/kg MLT+ radiotherapy group (E group), and 16 Gy radiotherapy group (F group)...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429180/-the-experimental-study-on-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-participated-outer-hair-cell-apoptosis-in-cadherin-23-gene-mutant-mice
#17
J Hu, Z C Chen, Y Z Zhang, P Han, W J Ma, Q Zhang, M Xu
Objective: To test the mechanism and upstream pathway of outer hair cell apoptosis in Cadherin 23 (Cdh23) gene mutant mice. Method: The mutant Cdh23(erl/erl)(erl) mice were collected as the study group, while the C57BL/6J (B6) mice were chosen as the control group. A total of 70 mice per group were used in this study. The study group and control group underwent auditory-evoked brainstem response (ABR) tests at the same age. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to detect outer hair cell(OHC) apoptosis...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423998/opposing-expression-gradients-of-calcitonin-related-polypeptide-alpha-calca-cgrp%C3%AE-and-tyrosine-hydroxylase-th-in-type-ii-afferent-neurons-of-the-mouse-cochlea
#18
Jingjing Sherry Wu, Pankhuri Vyas, Elisabeth Glowatzki, Paul Albert Fuchs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414719/forward-and-reverse-waves-modeling-distortion-products-in-the-intracochlear-fluid-pressure
#19
Thomas Bowling, Julien Meaud
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions are sounds that are emitted by the cochlea due to the nonlinearity of the outer hair cells. These emissions play an important role both in clinical settings and research laboratories. However, how distortion products propagate from their generation location to the middle ear remains unclear; whether distortion products propagate as a slow reverse traveling wave, or as a fast compression wave, through the cochlear fluid has been debated. In this article, we evaluate the contributions of the slow reverse wave and fast compression wave to the propagation of intracochlear distortion products using a physiologically based nonlinear model of the gerbil cochlea...
February 6, 2018: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411526/assessment-of-multi-criteria-optimization-mco-for-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-vmat-in-hippocampal-avoidance-whole-brain-radiation-therapy-ha-wbrt
#20
Stephen Zieminski, Melin Khandekar, Yi Wang
This study compared the dosimetric performance of (a) volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) with standard optimization (STD) and (b) multi-criteria optimization (MCO) to (c) intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with MCO for hippocampal avoidance whole brain radiation therapy (HA-WBRT) in RayStation treatment planning system (TPS). Ten HA-WBRT patients previously treated with MCO-IMRT or MCO-VMAT on an Elekta Infinity accelerator with Agility multileaf collimators (5-mm leaves) were re-planned for the other two modalities...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
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