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Videofluoroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319716/screening-protocol-for-dysphagia-in-adults-comparison-with-videofluoroscopic-findings
#1
Fernanda C Sassi, Gisele C Medeiros, Bruno Zilberstein, Shri Krishna Jayanthi, Claudia R F de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To compare the videofluoroscopic findings of patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia with the results of a clinical screening protocol. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on all consecutive patients with suspected oropharyngeal dysphagia between March 2015 and February 2016 who were assigned to receive a videofluoroscopic assessment of swallowing. All patients were first submitted to videofluoroscopy and then to the clinical assessment of swallowing...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212356/does-the-total-dysphagia-risk-score-correlate-with-swallowing-function-examined-by-video-fluoroscopy
#2
D Nevens, A Goeleven, F Duprez, R Braeken, E Decabooter, M De Smet, L Lutters, E Dejaeger, W De Neve, S Nuyts
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to correlate the total dysphagia risk score (TDRS) with swallowing function as measured by videofluoroscopy of swallowing using the swallowing performance scale (SPS) and the penetration aspiration scale (PAS). METHODS: Sixty-three patients from 2 different centers treated with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer were evaluated in the current study. Swallowing videofluoroscopies at baseline, 6 and 12 months following radiotherapy were evaluated by 2 observers...
December 7, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211112/postswallow-voice-modification-compatibility-with-videofluoroscopy-findings
#3
Karoline Weber Dos Santos, Betina Scheeren, Antônio Carlos Maciel, Mauriceia Cassol
PURPOSE: Verify whether voice modification after swallowing is associated with videofluoroscopic examination data. METHODS: 27 patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia underwent recording of sustained phonation of vowel /a/ before and after swallowing during videofluoroscopy. The GRBAS scale and the wet voice parameter were used to evaluate the data. Videofluoroscopy results showed stasis of food in the valleculae and piriform recesses, laryngeal penetration, tracheal aspiration, and degree of dysphagia...
December 4, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201816/quantitative-analysis-of-swallowing-function-between-dysphagia-patients-and-healthy-subjects-using-high-resolution-manometry
#4
Chul-Hyun Park, Don-Kyu Kim, Yong-Taek Lee, Youbin Yi, Jung-Sang Lee, Kunwoo Kim, Jung Ho Park, Kyung Jae Yoon
Objective: To compare swallowing function between healthy subjects and patients with pharyngeal dysphagia using high resolution manometry (HRM) and to evaluate the usefulness of HRM for detecting pharyngeal dysphagia. Methods: Seventy-five patients with dysphagia and 28 healthy subjects were included in this study. Diagnosis of dysphagia was confirmed by a videofluoroscopy. HRM was performed to measure pressure and timing information at the velopharynx (VP), tongue base (TB), and upper esophageal sphincter (UES)...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162502/vagus-nerve-magnetic-modulation-facilitates-dysphagia-recovery-in-patients-with-stroke-involving-the-brainstem-a-proof-of-concept-study
#5
Wang-Sheng Lin, Chen-Liang Chou, Miao-Hsiang Chang, Yuh-Mei Chung, Fu-Gong Lin, Po-Yi Tsai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Stroke involving the brainstem (SBS) causes severe oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). Research on the therapeutic efficacy of vagus nerve modulation (VNM) by using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in SBS patients with OD has been limited thus far. We aimed to assess the effect of VNM by using rTMS in improving swallowing function after SBS. METHOD: We conducted a sham-controlled, double-blinded, parallel pilot study in 28 SBS patients with OD randomly allocated to a real rTMS group (n = 13; TMSreal) or a sham group (n = 15; TMSsham)...
November 7, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147919/alterations-to-swallowing-physiology-as-the-result-of-effortful-swallowing-in-healthy-seniors
#6
Sonja M Molfenter, Chuan-Ya Hsu, Ying Lu, Cathy L Lazarus
A significant proportion of healthy seniors report difficulty swallowing, thought to result from age-related decline in muscle bulk/function. Effortful Swallowing (ES) is used both as a compensatory maneuver to improve pharyngeal propulsion/clearance and has been proposed as an exercise to improve pharyngeal strength. This study sought to quantify the immediate kinematic, temporal, and functional changes during an ES maneuver to quantify its exercise potential to combat age-related changes in swallowing. Videofluoroscopy data were collected from 44 healthy seniors (21 male) over 65 years old (mean = 76...
November 17, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143418/identification-of-swallowing-disorders-in-early-and-mid-stage-parkinson-s-disease-using-pattern-recognition-of-pharyngeal-high-resolution-manometry-data
#7
C A Jones, M R Hoffman, L Lin, S Abdelhalim, J J Jiang, T M McCulloch
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) can cause severe dysphagia, especially later in disease progression. Early identification of swallowing dysfunction may lead to earlier intervention. Pharyngeal high-resolution manometry (HRM) provides complementary information to videofluoroscopy, with advantages of being quantitative and objective. Artificial neural network (ANN) classification can examine non-linear relationships among multiple variables with relatively low bias. We evaluated if ANN techniques could differentiate between patients with PD and healthy controls...
November 16, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129487/-evaluation-of-dysphagia-results-after-one-year-of-incorporating-videofluoroscopy-into-its-study-introduction
#8
Ruth García Romero, Ignacio Ros Arnal, María José Romea Montañés, José Antonio López Calahorra, Cristina Gutiérrez Alonso, Beatriz Izquierdo Hernández, Carlos Martín de Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia is very common in children with neurological disabilities. These patients usually suffer from respiratory and nutritional problems. The videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is the most recommended test to evaluate dysphagia, as it shows the real situation during swallowing. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the results obtained in our centre after one year of the implementation of VFSS, the clinical improvement after confirmation, and the prescription of an individualised treatment for the patients affected...
November 9, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101012/a-review-of-swallow-timing-in-the-elderly
#9
REVIEW
Ashwini M Namasivayam-MacDonald, Carly E A Barbon, Catriona M Steele
Many studies evaluate dysphagia in elderly patients and compare their swallowing to younger controls to assess the degree of swallowing impairment. Previous research suggests that changes should be expected in swallowing due to aging, and these changes need to be considered when performing swallowing assessments. A systematic review was conducted to elucidate the timing of swallowing in healthy. A comprehensive multiengine literature search was conducted to find articles studying swallowing in the healthy elderly, which yielded 22,852 articles of which 11 were judged to be relevant...
October 27, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097820/electrical-stimulation-of-hyoid-muscles-in-post-stroke-dysphagia
#10
Petr Konecny, Milan Elfmark
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate swallowing changes in post-stroke patients with dysphagia after four weeks of suprahyoid muscles electrical stimulation. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study of early stage stroke patients with dysphagia. Electrical stimulation of suprahyoid muscles was given to a group of 54 patients (26 men, average age 70 years) for 20 minutes a day, 5 days a week. Standard orofacial rehabilitation without electrical stimulation was carried out on a control group of 54 patients (31 men, average age 69 years)...
November 2, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082044/effect-of-modified-shaker-exercise-on-the-amplitude-and-duration-of-swallowing-sounds-evidence-from-cervical-auscultation
#11
Sonia Babu, Radish Kumar Balasubramaniam, Ancy Varghese
OBJECTIVE: Anecdotal evidence shows that the Shaker exercise and its modifications improve pharyngeal muscle contraction. However, there is no experimental evidence for the same. Thus, the present study examined the effect of modified Shaker exercise on the amplitude and duration of pharyngeal muscle contraction using cervical auscultation. DESIGN: The study follows a cross-sectional study design, where 50 healthy individuals (23 males and 27 females) performed modified Shaker exercise and noneffortful swallow during 10 ml water swallowing...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069232/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-oropharyngeal-swallowing-in-down-syndrome
#12
André Vinicius Marcondes Natel Sales, Célia Maria Giacheti, Paula Cristina Cola, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
PURPOSE: To describe the qualitative and quantitative temporal analysis of oropharyngeal swallowing in children diagnosed with Down syndrome (DS) through a case series study of six individuals aged 4 to 17 months (mean age = 11.16 months; median = 12 months). METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative temporal analysis of swallowing using videofluoroscopy and specific software. The following parameters were assessed: presence or absence of oral incoordination, labial sphincter sealing incompetence, oral residue, posterior oral spillage, laryngotracheal penetration and aspiration, pharyngeal and total oral transit time (TOTT)...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066662/dysphagia-management-in-bilateral-frontal-opercular-syndrome-foix-chavany-marie-syndrome
#13
Thomas Richards, Thomas Tudor Hughes, Jake Moss, Tessa Lomax
An 80-year-old woman was admitted to hospital with acute anarthria and severe dysphagia, characterised by loss of voluntary control of the muscles of facial expression, mastication, bolus manipulation (tongue) and pharyngeal constriction, with relative preservation of involuntary movements. Brain imaging revealed an acute infarct in the left frontal operculum and an area of gliosis consistent with an old infarct in the right frontal operculum. A clinical and radiological diagnosis of bilateral anterior frontal opercular syndrome (Foix-Chavany-Marie-syndrome) was made...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059939/development-of-semi-automatic-procedure-for-detection-and-tracking-of-fiducial-markers-for-orofacial-kinematics-during-natural-feeding
#14
Filiz Bunyak, Naru Shiraishi, Kannappan Palaniappan, Teresa E Lever, Limor Avivi-Arber, Kazutaka Takahashi
Feeding is a highly complex, essential behavior for survival in all species. Characterization of feeding behaviors has implications in basic science and translational medicine. We have been developing methods to study feeding behaviors using high speed videofluoroscopy (XROMM) in rats while self-feeding radiopaque flavored kibble. The rat is a popular model in translational medicine; however, it has not been studied using this methodology. Towards this goal, we surgically implanted radiopaque fiducial markers into the skull, mandible, and tongue of rats to enable motion tracking...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052050/inter-rater-reliability-of-the-dysphagia-outcome-and-severity-scale-doss-effects-of-clinical-experience-audio-recording-and-training
#15
Angeliki Zarkada, Julie Regan
The Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Scale (DOSS) is widely used to measure dysphagia severity based on videofluoroscopy (VFSS). This study investigated inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the DOSS. It also determined the effect of clinical experience, VFSS audio-recording and training on DOSS IRR. A quantitative prospective research design was used. Seventeen speech and language pathologists (SLPs) were recruited from an acute teaching hospital, Dublin (> 3 years' VFSS experience, n = 10) and from a postgraduate dysphagia programme in a university setting (< 3 years' VFSS experience; n = 7)...
October 19, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040487/pedunculated-liposarcoma-of-the-esophagus
#16
G B Salis, J C Albertengo, M Bruno, G Palau, R González Villaveirán, D Lombardo, V Villafañe, C Zorraquín, M Ghigliani
Polypoid tumours of the esophagus present diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Liposarcomas are infrequent among them. We report a recent case. A 73-year-old male patient was seen in May 1995 in the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Clinica Modelo de Morón, with intermittent dysphagia and dyspnoea due to recurrent vomiting. A laryngeal lineal tomography showed a subglottic obstruction due to extrinsic compression. The patient was referred to the Gastroenterology Department, where an upper gastrointestinal (upper GI) series demonstrated mega-esophagus with abundant retained food...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016647/a-moving-fluoroscope-to-capture-tibiofemoral-kinematics-during-complete-cycles-of-free-level-and-downhill-walking-as-well-as-stair-descent
#17
Renate List, Barbara Postolka, Pascal Schütz, Marco Hitz, Peter Schwilch, Hans Gerber, Stephen J Ferguson, William R Taylor
Videofluoroscopy has been shown to provide essential information in the evaluation of the functionality of total knee arthroplasties. However, due to the limitation in the field of view, most systems can only assess knee kinematics during highly restricted movements. To avoid the limitations of a static image intensifier, a moving fluoroscope has been presented as a standalone system that allows tracking of the knee during multiple complete cycles of level- and downhill-walking, as well as stair descent, in combination with the synchronous assessment of ground reaction forces and whole body skin marker measurements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887707/correlations-between-patient-reported-dysphagia-screening-and-penetration-aspiration-scores-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-post-oncological-treatment
#18
Johanna Hedström, Lisa Tuomi, Caterina Finizia, Caroline Olsson
Dysphagia is a common and severe toxicity after oncological treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC). The study aim was to investigate relationships between patient-reported dysphagia and clinically measured swallowing function in HNC after modern curative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy to identify possible alarm symptoms for clinically manifest dysphagia. Patients with tumors of the tonsil, base of tongue, hypopharynx, and larynx treated in 2007-2015 were assessed for dysphagia post-treatment by telephone interview and videofluoroscopy (VFS)...
September 8, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864498/new-ultrasonographic-screening-method-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-tissue-doppler-imaging
#19
Noriaki Manabe, Ken Haruma, Rui Nakato, Hiroaki Kusunoki, Tomoari Kamada, Jiro Hata
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound Tissue Doppler imaging (US-TDI) has been used to diagnose regional wall motion (WM) abnormalities in coronary artery disease, but has not been applied to oropharyngeal diseases. This study aimed first to validate an US-TDI method to assess cervical esophageal (CE) WM, and secondly to use the method to evaluate CE WM in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). METHODS: First, we enrolled 22 healthy men (mean age: 59.7 years) who all underwent both US-TDI and videofluoroscopy (VF) and then esophageal high-resolution manometry (HRM) in the same week...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821940/videoendoscopy-worsens-swallowing-function-a-videofluoroscopic-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Kazuo Adachi, Toshiro Umezaki, Yoshikazu Kikuchi
Aspiration pneumonia is a cause of mortality in the elderly. Evaluating swallowing function is important. Videofluoroscopy and flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing are comparable; however, observing all swallowing dynamics is impossible using the latter approach. We examined the significance of flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing using videofluoroscopy. Thirty-seven patients with dysphagia [70.0 ± 8.9 (range 49-84) years] were included. In random order, patients underwent videofluoroscopy with 10 cc contrast material, once without, and once with an endoscope inserted...
August 18, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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