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Videofluoroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738991/digital-tracking-algorithm-reveals-the-influence-of-structural-irregularities-on-joint-movements-in-the-human-cervical-spine
#1
Christian Balkovec, Jim Veldhuis, John W Baird, G Wayne Brodland, Stuart M McGill
BACKGROUND: Disc height loss and osteophytes change the local mechanical environment in the spine; while previous research has examined kinematic dysfunction under degenerative change, none has looked at the influence of disc height loss and osteophytes throughout movement. METHODS: Twenty patients with pain related to the head, neck or shoulders were imaged via videofluoroscopy as they underwent sagittal-plane flexion and extension. A clinician graded disc height loss and osteophytes as "severe/moderate", "mild", or "none"...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725802/quality-of-life-in-oropharyngeal-cancer-a-structured-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Evelyne Roets, Karina Tukanova, Anouk Govarts, Pol Specenier
PURPOSE: To summarize the literature on quality of life (QoL) in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). METHODS: The PubMed database was searched using the inclusion criteria "oropharyngeal cancer," "quality of life," "human," and "English," the exclusion criterion "recurrent," and publication date between January 1, 2005 and October 26, 2015. RESULTS: The search yielded 98 articles of which 17 fulfilled all selection criteria...
May 3, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725764/a-preliminary-videofluoroscopic-investigation-of-swallowing-physiology-and-function-in-individuals-with-oculopharyngeal-muscular-dystrophy-opmd
#3
Ashley A Waito, Catriona M Steele, Melanie Peladeau-Pigeon, Angela Genge, Zohar Argov
Dysphagia is one of the primary symptoms experienced by individuals with Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (OPMD). However, we lack understanding of the discrete changes in swallowing physiology that are seen in OPMD, and the resulting relationship to impairments of swallowing safety and efficiency. This study sought to describe the pathophysiology of dysphagia in a small sample of patients with OPMD using a videofluoroscopy examination (VFSS) involving 3 × 5 mL boluses of thin liquid barium (22% w/v)...
May 3, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716653/esophageal-pulmonary-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-radiation-therapy-a-case-report
#4
Laetitia Buemi, Salvatore Stefanelli, Philippe Bichard, Mickaël Luscher, Minerva Becker
BACKGROUND: Esophageal respiratory fistulae are abnormal communications between the esophagus and the respiratory system. They are either congenital or acquired. Most acquired esophageal respiratory fistulae are of the esophageal tracheal and esophageal bronchial type and are caused by infections or malignant neoplasms, whereas esophageal pulmonary fistulae are rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 72-year-old Caucasian man with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung presenting with abrupt-onset dyspnea during localized mediastinal radiotherapy...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713896/pink1-rats-show-early-onset-swallowing-deficits-and-correlative-brainstem-pathology
#5
Kaylee P Cullen, Laura M Grant, Cynthia A Kelm-Nelson, Alexander F L Brauer, Luke B Bickelhaupt, John A Russell, Michelle R Ciucci
Parkinson disease (PD) compromises oropharyngeal swallowing, which negatively affects quality of life and contributes to aspiration pneumonia. Dysphagia often begins early in the disease process, and does not improve with standard therapies. As a result, swallowing deficits are undertreated in the PD population. The Pink1 -/- rat is used to model PD, and demonstrates widespread brainstem neuropathology in combination with early-onset sensorimotor dysfunction; however, to date, swallowing behaviors have not been evaluated...
April 30, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696919/-therapeutic-effects-of-acupuncture-combined-with-rehabilitation-training-on-dysphagia-in-post-stroke-pseudobulbar-palsy
#6
Dan Chen, Haiying Guo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effects on dysphagia in post-stroke pseudobulbar palsy between the combined treatment with acupuncture and rehabilitation training and the combined treatment with low-frequency electrical therapy and rehabilitation training and to explore its more effective therapy, using the ultrasonographic examination. METHODS: A total of 60 patients of dysphagia in post-stroke pseudobulbar palsy were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one...
April 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687354/swallow-event-sequencing-comparing-healthy-older-and-younger-adults
#7
Erica G Herzberg, Cathy L Lazarus, Catriona M Steele, Sonja M Molfenter
Previous research has established that a great deal of variation exists in the temporal sequence of swallowing events for healthy adults. Yet, the impact of aging on swallow event sequence is not well understood. Kendall et al. (Dysphagia 18(2):85-91, 2003) suggested there are 4 obligatory paired-event sequences in swallowing. We directly compared adherence to these sequences, as well as event latencies, and quantified the percentage of unique sequences in two samples of healthy adults: young (< 45) and old (> 65)...
April 23, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668302/clinical-factors-impacting-on-late-dysphagia-following-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#8
Sarah Deschuymer, Daan Nevens, Fréderic Duprez, Annouschka Laenen, Eddy Dejaeger, Wilfried De Neve, Ann Goeleven, Sandra Nuyts
OBJECTIVE: Patient and treatment characteristics of patients with head and neck cancer (HNSCC) were correlated with dysphagia scored on swallowing-videofluoroscopy (VFS) and with patient and physician scored dysphagia. METHODS: Sixty-three HNSCC patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) were evaluated at baseline, 6 and 12 months post-RT. VFS was scored with Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Swallowing Performance Scale (SPS). Physician and patient scored dysphagia were prospectively recorded according to CTCAE scoring system, RTOG/EORTC scoring system and EORTC-QLQ H&N35 questionnaire...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668108/sonographic-assessment-of-swallowing-in-irradiated-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients
#9
Dennis T H Cheng, Kathy Y S Lee, Anil T Ahuja, Michael C F Tong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Ultrasonography is an emerging clinical tool to study the dysfunction of swallowing muscles. This was the first sonographic study to assess the relationship between suprahyoid muscle contraction, hyoid bone displacement, and penetration-aspiration status (PAS) during swallowing in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). The study also aimed to establish reliability data for the sonographic technique described. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605373/swallowing-outcomes-in-children-after-slide-tracheoplasty
#10
Alexandra J Stewart, Colin R Butler, Nagarajan Muthialu, Debbie Sell, Joseph Marchant, Richard J D Hewitt, Martin J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Slide tracheoplasty is now considered gold standard treatment for long segment congenital tracheal stenosis. Outcomes are typically focused upon airway patency. Dysphagia is often reported in children undergoing cardiothoracic surgery, but not specifically after slide tracheoplasty. This study was carried out to describe the nature and prevalence of dysphagia following slide tracheoplasty for long segment congenital tracheal stenosis. METHODS: Retrospective case note review was conducted on a series of patients who underwent swallow evaluation following slide tracheoplasty between 2006 and 2014...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572573/longitudinal-evaluation-of-swallowing-with-videofluoroscopy-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-after-chemoradiation
#11
Ekaterini Xinou, Ioannis Chryssogonidis, Anna Kalogera-Fountzila, Dimitra Panagiotopoulou-Mpoukla, Athanasia Printza
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity, and pattern of evolution of swallowing impairments encountered in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients before and after chemoradiation (CRT) with videofluoroscopy of swallowing study (VFSS), using the modified barium swallow impairment profile (MBSImP) protocol and scoring system, and to determine the appropriate time points in which these patients should undergo VFSS post-CRT. A prospective cohort of 69 patients with locally advanced HNC underwent VFSS with the MBSImP protocol at 5 evaluation points: pre-CRT, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-CRT...
March 23, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572522/non-invasive-quantification-of-human-swallowing-using-a-simple-motion-tracking-system
#12
Hiroaki Hashimoto, Masayuki Hirata, Kazutaka Takahashi, Seiji Kameda, Yuri Katsuta, Fumiaki Yoshida, Noriaki Hattori, Takufumi Yanagisawa, Jason Palmer, Satoru Oshino, Toshiki Yoshimine, Haruhiko Kishima
The number of patients with dysphagia is rapidly increasing due to the ageing of the population. Therefore, the importance of objectively assessing swallowing function has received increasing attention. Videofluoroscopy and videoendoscopy are the standard clinical examinations for dysphagia, but these techniques are not suitable for daily use because of their invasiveness. Here, we aimed to develop a novel, non-invasive method for measuring swallowing function using a motion tracking system, the Kinect v2 sensor...
March 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561977/swallowing-in-patients-with-laryngitis
#13
Isabela Moda, Hilton Marcos Alves Ricz, Lilian Neto Aguiar-Ricz, Roberto Oliveira Dantas
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is described as a complaint in 32% of patients with laryngitis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this investigation was to evaluate oral and pharyngeal transit of patients with laryngitis, with the hypothesis that alteration in oral-pharyngeal bolus transit may be involved with dysphagia. METHODS: Videofluoroscopic evaluation of the swallowing of liquid, paste and solid boluses was performed in 21 patients with laryngitis, 10 of them with dysphagia, and 21 normal volunteers of the same age and sex...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554452/treatment-of-stress-velopharyngeal-incompetence-with-injection-of-hyaluronic-acid
#14
Steven Koprowski, Michael J VanLue, Michael E McCormick
Stress velopharyngeal incompetence (VPI) is a challenging clinical entity that can be managed by a variety of surgical and nonsurgical approaches. We describe the case of a clarinetist who presented with nasal air escape while playing. She had successful improvement in her symptoms after targeted injection of a hyaluronic acid compound to her posterior pharyngeal wall. Our objective is to describe the safety and efficacy of this technique, to emphasize the multidisciplinary management of patients with stress VPI, and to review the importance of both nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy in their evaluation...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513871/correlation-between-bulbar-functionality-and-laryngeal-penetration-and-or-laryngotracheal-aspiration-on-motor-neuron-disease
#15
Bárbara Carolina Brandão, Alline de Sousa Galdino, Luciano Garcia Lourenção, Glaucia Santana Trindade, Magali Aparecida Orate Menezes da Silva, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Describe and correlate bulbar functionality with laryngeal penetration and/or laryngotracheal aspiration for different food consistencies in Motor Neuron Disease (MND). METHODS: Study participants were 18 individuals diagnosed with MND regardless of the type and time of onset of disease. The Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale - Revised/BR (ALSFRS-R/BR) was applied, and only the bulbar parameter, which includes speech, salivation and swallowing, was analyzed, with scores raging from 0 (disability) to 12 (normal functionality)...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502135/correlation-of-patient-and-physician-scored-dysphagia-with-videofluoroscopies-in-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#16
D Nevens, A Goeleven, F Duprez, A Laenen, E Dejaeger, W De Neve, S Nuyts
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between patient-scored dysphagia and physician-scored dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. Furthermore, we wanted to compare both patient- and physician-scored dysphagia with dysphagia evaluated on swallowing videofluoroscopies. Sixty-three patients from two different centers treated with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer were evaluated in the current study. Swallowing videofluoroscopies at baseline, 6, and 12 months following radiotherapy were evaluated by 2 observers using the Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Swallowing Performance Status Scale (SPS) and correlated with patient and physician scored dysphagia...
March 3, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476275/maturation-of-the-coordination-between-respiration-and-deglutition-with-and-without-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-lesion-in-an-animal-model
#17
Ashley Ballester, François Gould, Laura Bond, Bethany Stricklen, Jocelyn Ohlemacher, Andrew Gross, Katherine DeLozier, Randall Buddington, Karyl Buddington, Nicole Danos, Rebecca German
The timing of the occurrence of a swallow in a respiratory cycle is critical for safe swallowing, and changes with infant development. Infants with damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve, which receives sensory information from the larynx and supplies the intrinsic muscles of the larynx, experience a significant incidence of dysphagia. Using our validated infant pig model, we determined the interaction between this nerve damage and the coordination between respiration and swallowing during postnatal development...
February 24, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476195/-inflammatory-diseases-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-role-of-radiology-in-diagnostics
#18
REVIEW
G Böhm
BACKGROUND: The radiological evaluation of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) is a diagnostic challenge. Although endoscopy has pushed radiographic methods into the background, these methods continue to play a key role in the diagnosis of dysphagia. In addition, cross-sectional imaging (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) is increasingly used in complex clinical cases to evaluate surrounding tissue changes. METHODS: By combining conventional double-contrast techniques with a video recording, the entire upper GI tract can be assessed both anatomically and functionally in one examination procedure...
April 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423749/swallowing-evaluation-after-surgery-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty-vs-expansion-pharyngoplasty
#19
Anne M B Corradi, Liciane P Valarelli, Thaís H Grechi, Alan L Eckeli, Davi C Aragon, Daniel S Küpper, Leila A Almeida, Heidi H Sander, Luciana V V Trawitzki, Fabiana C P Valera
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of pharyngeal surgery on swallowing pattern in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and to compare two surgical techniques: uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and expansion pharyngoplasty (EP), through videofluoroscopy. METHODS: Longitudinal prospective cohort, in a tertiary referral center. 17 adult patients were enrolled this study, divided into two groups: patients who underwent UPPP (n = 10) or EP (n = 7)...
April 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409082/-orophagyngeal-dysphagia-in-older-persons-evaluation-and-therapeutic-options
#20
Rainer Wirth, Gero Lueg, Rainer Dziewas
The prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia in older persons is high. Because it is frequently undetected, screening tests should be applied in risk groups. If the screening test is positive or typical risk factors are present, an instrumental assessment should be utilized. Objective diagnostic tools such as endoscopic evaluation and videofluoroscopy allow the description of the individual dysphagia pattern, which is the basis for an individualized treatment. The endoscopic evaluation of swallowing is increasingly used because it includes several advantages...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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