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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231668/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-adults-in-2010-2012
#1
Y N He, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao, D M Yu, J Zhang, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults. Methods: Cross-sectional data on 104 098 men and women aged 18 years or above was gathered from 150 monitoring sites from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities from the China National Health and Nutrition Surveillance (2010-2012) Project. Data was randomly selected by multi-stage stratified and Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) cluster random sampling method. Prevalence of MS was defined under the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society (CDS)...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231667/-association-between-body-mass-index-and-both-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-china-findings-from-data-through-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#2
L X Wang, M Y Fan, C Q Yu, Y Guo, Z Bian, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, J Lyu, L M Li
Objective: To evaluate the associations between body mass index (BMI) and both total and cause-specific mortality. Methods: After excluding participants with heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes at baseline study, 428 593 participants aged 30-79 in the China Kadoorie Biobank study were chosen for this study. Participants were categorized into 9 groups according to their BMI status. Cox regression analysis was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of mortality on BMI...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231597/predictors-of-cesarean-delivery-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Carmem Luiza Lucht Gascho, Danieli Mayumi Kimura Leandro, Thiago Ribeiro E Silva, Jean Carl Silva
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate which risk factors may lead patients with gestational diabetes mellitus to cesarean delivery. Methods This was a retrospective, descriptive study. The subjects of the study were pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus attending a public maternity hospital in the south of Brazil. The primary outcomes assessed were based on maternal and fetal characteristics. The data were correlated using an odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI), calculated using multinomial logistic regression...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231583/prevalence-of-impaired-kidney-function-in-the-german-elderly-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii-base-ii
#4
Maximilian König, Maik Gollasch, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
BACKGROUND: In aging populations with an ever-growing burden of risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise. However, little is known about its exact prevalence among elderly adults, and often albuminuria is not included in the definition of CKD. Moreover, novel equations for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have recently emerged, which have not been applied comprehensively to older adults. Data on CKD awareness among the elderly are sparse...
February 24, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231308/diet-diversity-and-nutritional-status-among-adults-in-southwest-china
#5
Qiang Zhang, Xinguang Chen, Zhitao Liu, Deepthi S Varma, Rong Wan, Shiwen Zhao
BACKGROUND: With rapid urbanization in the past decades, diet diversity continues to increase in China. The present cross-sectional study aims to explore the association between dietary diversity and nutritional status among adults in southwest China. METHODS: This study used data from 2011-2012 National Nutritional Survey in Yunnan Province, southwest China (N = 1105).Data of three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls were used to calculate dietary diversity scores (DDS) and nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231265/resist-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial-for-resistance-training-maintenance-in-adults-with-prediabetes
#6
Brenda M Davy, Richard A Winett, Jyoti Savla, Elaina L Marinik, Mary Elizabeth Baugh, Kyle D Flack, Tanya M Halliday, Sarah A Kelleher, Sheila G Winett, David M Williams, Soheir Boshra
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a social cognitive theory (SCT)-based intervention improves resistance training (RT) maintenance and strength, and reduces prediabetes prevalence. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Sedentary, overweight/obese (BMI: 25-39.9 kg/m2) adults aged 50-69 (N = 170) with prediabetes participated in the 15-month trial. Participants completed a supervised 3-month RT (2×/wk) phase and were randomly assigned (N = 159) to one of two 6-month maintenance conditions: SCT or standard care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231178/stimulatory-effects-of-cinnamon-extract-cinnamomum-cassia-during-the-initiation-stage-of-3t3-l1-adipocyte-differentiation
#7
Sang Gil Lee, Joanna A Siaw, Hye Won Kang
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia) has an anti-diabetic effect by possibly increasing the lipid storage capacity of white adipocytes; however, this effect remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine which stage of adipogenesis is critical for the stimulatory effect of cinnamon in adipogenesis using 3T3-L1 cells. Cells were treated with cinnamon extract during three different stages of adipogenesis. We found that genes related to adipogenesis and lipogenesis were enhanced when cinnamon extract was administered during the initiation stage of differentiation but not when administered during the preadipocyte and post stages of differentiation...
December 6, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231175/mushroom-polysaccharides-chemistry-and-antiobesity-antidiabetes-anticancer-and-antibiotic-properties-in-cells-rodents-and-humans
#8
REVIEW
Mendel Friedman
More than 2000 species of edible and/or medicinal mushrooms have been identified to date, many of which are widely consumed, stimulating much research on their health-promoting properties. These properties are associated with bioactive compounds produced by the mushrooms, including polysaccharides. Although β-glucans (homopolysaccharides) are believed to be the major bioactive polysaccharides of mushrooms, other types of mushroom polysaccharides (heteropolysaccharides) also possess biological properties. Here we survey the chemistry of such health-promoting polysaccharides and their reported antiobesity and antidiabetic properties as well as selected anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial, and antiviral effects that demonstrate their multiple health-promoting potential...
November 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231135/changes-in-food-intake-in-australia-comparing-the-1995-and-2011-national-nutrition-survey-results-disaggregated-into-basic-foods
#9
Bradley Ridoutt, Danielle Baird, Kathryn Bastiaans, Gilly Hendrie, Malcolm Riley, Peerasak Sanguansri, Julie Syrette, Manny Noakes
As nations seek to address obesity and diet-related chronic disease, understanding shifts in food intake over time is an imperative. However, quantifying intake of basic foods is not straightforward because of the diversity of raw and cooked wholefoods, processed foods and mixed dishes actually consumed. In this study, data from the Australian national nutrition surveys of 1995 and 2011, each involving more than 12,000 individuals and covering more than 4500 separate foods, were coherently disaggregated into basic foods, with cooking and processing factors applied where necessary...
May 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231078/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-ace-and-adrb2-gene-expression-plasma-angiotensin-ii-level-and-flow-mediated-dilation-a-study-on-obese-postmenopausal-women-with-prehypertension
#10
Noushin Azadpour, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Şükran Nazan Koşar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of 10 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (MIET) on blood pressure (BP), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) gene expression in leukocytes, plasma angiotensin II (Ang II), and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in obese postmenopausal women (PMW) with prehypertension. METHODS: Twenty-four obese prehypertensive PMW (aged 50-70 y; body mass index ≥30 kg/m) randomly assigned to control (n = 12) and exercise (n = 12) groups...
March 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230924/self-reported-health-enhancing-physical-activity-recommendation-adherence-among-64-380-finnish-adults
#11
Jason A Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Jaana H Suni, Kari Tokola, Pauliina Husu, Stuart J H Biddle, Tommi Vasankari
The Finnish recommendations for health-enhancing physical activity (PA) for adults (≥18 years) recommend: (i) ≥150 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA); and (ii) activities that develop muscle strength and balance ≥2 days per week. However, adherence to these recommendations among the Finnish adults is currently unknown. This paper reports on the self-reported adherence to the PA recommendations and associations with sociodemographic factors among Finnish adults. Data were used from the Finnish 'Regional Health and Well-being Study'...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230728/optimistic-bias-risk-factors-and-development-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-african-american-adolescents-in-mississippi-usa
#12
Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230704/muscle-metaboreflex-control-of-sympathetic-activity-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Linda M Ueno-Pardi, Renan S Guerra, Thiago T Goya, Rosyvaldo F Silva, Elisangela M Gara, Marta F Lima, Thais S Nobre, Maria J N N Alves, Ivani C Trombetta, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho
PURPOSE: Previous studies report abnormal muscle metaboreflex control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in obesity, hypertension, and heart failure. We hypothesized that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with augmented metaboreflex control of MSNA. METHODS: Thirty-one sedentary individuals with no comorbidities (age = 52±1 y, body mass index = 28±1 kg/m) without (control, n = 14) and with OSA (n = 17) defined by polysomnography, underwent echocardiography...
February 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230654/surgical-endoscopy-versus-endoscopic-surgery-for-obesity
#14
Bogdan Silviu Ungureanu, Ştefan Pătraşcu, Valeriu Şurlin, Adrian Săftoiu
BACKGROUND: Obesity treatment options are of great interest worldwide with major developments in the past 20 years. From general surgery to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery intervention nowadays, obesity surgical therapies have surely developed and are now offering a variety of possibilities. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: Although surgery is the only proven approach for weight loss, a joint decision between the physician and patient is required before proceeding to such a procedure...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230630/update-on-the-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-and-its-relevance-to-schizophrenia
#15
Lily Van, Erik Boot, Anne S Bassett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Schizophrenia occurs in ∼25% of individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), the strongest known molecular genetic risk factor for schizophrenia. This review highlights recent literature in 22q11.2DS as it pertains to psychosis and schizophrenia. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in noninvasive prenatal testing allow for early detection of 22q11.2DS in utero, whereas premature birth has been shown to be a significant risk factor for development of psychotic illness in 22q11...
February 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230607/effects-of-probiotics-on-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#16
Fatemeh Famouri, Zainab Shariat, Mahin Hashemipour, Mojtaba Keikha, Roya Kelishadi
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the effects of some probiotics on sonographic and biochemical nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: This randomized triple-blind trial was conducted among 64 obese children with sonographic NAFLD. They were randomly allocated to receive probiotic capsule (containing Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC B3208, 3 × 10 colony forming units [CFU]; Bifidobacterium lactis DSMZ 32269, 6 × 10 CFU; Bifidobacterium bifidum ATCC SD6576, 2 × 10 CFU; Lactobacillus rhamnosus DSMZ 21690, 2 × 10 CFU) or placebo for 12 weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230568/obesity-hepatic-steatosis-and-their-impact-on-fat-infiltration-of-the-trunk-musculature-using-unenhanced-computed-tomography
#17
Ronnie Sebro
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess whether hepatic steatosis predicts muscle fat content independent of body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Regions of interest were drawn over several trunk muscles and over the right lobe of the liver to obtain the computed tomography (CT) density in 100 subjects with unenhanced CT studies of the abdomen and pelvis. Univariate and multivariate linear regression were used to examine the associations between BMI and hepatic steatosis and between BMI and trunk muscle density...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230504/peripheral-neuropathy-and-leptin-receptor-defect-demyelination-of-the-sciatic-nerve-of-the-obese-zucker-rat
#18
Jacques Gilloteaux, Kritika Subramanian, Nadia Solomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#19
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230360/capsaicin-reduces-blood-glucose-by-increasing-insulin-levels-and-glycogen-content-better-than-capsiate-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#20
Shiqi Zhang, Xiaohan Ma, Zhang Lei, Hui Sun, Xiong Liu
Chili peppers exhibit anti-obesity, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, and pain- and itchiness-relieving effects on animals and humans; these effects are due to capsaicin, which is the main pungent and biologically active component of pepper. Capsiate, a nonpungent capsaicin analogue and is similar to capsaicin in terms of structure and biological activity. In this study, we investigated whether capsaicin and capsiate exhibit the same hypoglycemic effects on rats with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Experimental rats were categorized into four groups: control, model, capsaicin, and capsiate groups...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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