keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668049/surgical-management-of-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fistulas-and-encephaloceles-of-the-temporal-bone
#1
Joe Walter Kutz, Andrew K Johnson, Cameron C Wick
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation, surgical findings, and outcomes in patients with spontaneous temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas and encephaloceles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated for a spontaneous temporal bone CSF fistula and/or encephalocele over a 10-year period was performed. Data recorded included demographic information, presenting signs and symptoms, radiographic and laboratory studies, surgical approach, materials used for repair, surgical complications, and successful closure of the CSF fistula...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668028/reallocating-time-between-sleep-sedentary-and-active-behaviours-associations-with-obesity-and-health-in-canadian-adults
#2
Rachel C Colley, Isabelle Michaud, Didier Garriguet
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep are positively associated with adults' health, while the association with sedentary behaviour (SED) is negative. Light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is emerging as an independent predictor of improved cardiovascular health. The health impacts of each of these factors have been examined in isolation, but interest has increased in associations between health and movement behaviours collectively. DATA AND METHODS: This analysis examines how reallocating time between movement behaviours is associated with obesity and with self-rated general and mental health...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667936/automated-algorithms-for-detecting-sleep-period-time-using-a-multi-sensor-pattern-recognition-activity-monitor-from-24-h-free-living-data-in-older-adults
#3
Veronica Cabanas-Sanchez, Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, Miguel Ángel De La Camara, Oscar L Veiga, David Martinez-Gomez
The aims of the present study were: (i) to develop automated algorithms to identify the sleep period time in 24-h data from the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) in older adults, and (ii) to analyze the agreement of these algorithms to identify the sleep period time as compared to self-reported data and expert visual analysis of accelerometer raw data.
 Approach. This study comprised 50 participants, aged 65 to 85 years. Fourteen automated algorithms were developed. Participants reported their bedtime and wake time in the days wearing the device...
April 18, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667917/recent-trends-in-weight-loss-attempts-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
Hyoung-Ji Lim, Hee-Taik Kang, Jae-Woo Lee
Obesity is global health concern. It is important to understand trends in weight loss attempts from a preventive health standpoint. This study aimed to investigate trends in weight loss attempts among Korean adults. Data from 81 605 adults ≥18 years who participated in the 2005 to 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Participants were classified into 5 groups by body mass index. The percentage of weight loss attempts was standardized with the 2010 Korean Housing Census...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667734/celastrol-reverses-palmitic-acid-pa-caused-tlr4-md2-activation-dependent-insulin-resistance-via-disrupting-md2-related-cellular-binding-to-pa
#5
Xue Zhang, Ying Wang, Hui-Ya Ge, Yi-Jun Gu, Fan-Fan Cao, Chun-Xin Yang, Georges Uzan, Bin Peng, Deng-Hai Zhang
Elevated plasma statured fatty acids (FFAs) cause TLR4/MD2 activation-dependent inflammation and insulin tolerance, which account for the occurrence and development of obesity. It has been confirmed that statured palmitic acid (PA) (the most abundant FFA) could bind MD2 to cause cellular inflammation. The natural compound celastrol could improve obesity, which is suggested via inhibiting inflammation, yet the detailed mechanism for celastrol is still unclear. As celastrol is reported to directly target MD2, we thought disrupting the binding between FFAs and MD2 might be one of the ways for celastrol to inhibit FFAs-caused inflammation and insulin resistance...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667480/the-human-gut-microbiota-metabolism-and-perspective-in-obesity
#6
Aline Corado Gomes, Christian Hoffmann, João Felipe Mota
The gut microbiota has been recognized as an important factor in the development of metabolic diseases such as obesity and is considered an endocrine organ involved in the maintenance of energy homeostasis and host immunity. Dysbiosis can change the functioning of the intestinal barrier and the gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT) by allowing the passage of structural components of bacteria, such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS), which activate inflammatory pathways that may contribute to the development of insulin resistance...
April 18, 2018: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667453/impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-and-related-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-with-asthma
#7
Cynthia A Pate, Hatice S Zahran, Cathy M Bailey
Objective This study assessed Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and related risk factors among adults with asthma in the United States. Using the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), we examined the association between four domains of impaired HRQoL and selected explanatory factors.  Methods A BRFSS sample of 39 321 adults with asthma was used in this study. We examined the association between fair/poor health, ≥14 mentally unhealthy days, ≥14 physically unhealthy days, and ≥14 days of activity limitation and selected explanatory variables (sex, race/ethnicity, age, annual household income, healthcare coverage, physical activity, smoking status, Body Mass Index (BMI), having a coexisting disease, and being diagnosed with depression) using multivariable logistic regression models...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667441/long-term-consumption-of-western-diet-contributes-to-endothelial-dysfunction-and-aortic-remodeling-in-rats-implication-of-rho-kinase-signaling
#8
Rania A Elrashidy, Jing Zhang, Guiming Liu
Western diet (WD), rich in saturated fat and sugars, has become a risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome, however, its effect on endothelial function and vascular remodeling is not fully elucidated. Recent evidence suggests cross-talk between Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway and cardiovascular system. We aimed to investigate the effect of WD on aortic remodeling and the contribution of ROCK signaling. Eight week old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either standard chow diet (SD) or high fructose/ high-fat diet, typically as in WD...
April 18, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667238/diet-quality-and-10-year-healthcare-costs-by-bmi-categories-in-the-mid-age-cohort-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#9
A Patterson, A Hure, T Burrows, J Jackson, C Collins
BACKGROUND: Better diets, as evaluated by diet quality indices, are associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. Although governments and researchers alike recognise the burden that obesity incurs for increased healthcare spending, there is insufficient evidence for the role of diet quality on healthcare costs. METHODS: Diet quality was assessed by the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) for 6328 women aged 50-55 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667237/the-trends-and-prevalence-of-obesity-and-morbid-obesity-among-australian-school-aged-children-1985-2014
#10
Joshua Xu, Louise L Hardy, Cici Z Guo, Sarah P Garnett
AIM: Children with obesity have a greater risk of adverse social and physical health outcomes. We examined temporal changes in body mass index (BMI) z-scores and the prevalence obesity and morbid obesity in children from 1985 to 2014. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of BMI data for children aged 7-15 years from five cross-sectional Australian datasets. Changes in age- and gender-adjusted BMI (BMI z-scores) and nutritional status were categorised using the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667178/cost-utility-analysis-of-bariatric-surgery
#11
O Borisenko, V Lukyanov, A R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate the cost-utility of bariatric surgery in England. METHODS: A state-transition Markov model was developed to compare the costs and outcomes of two treatment approaches for patients with morbid obesity: bariatric surgery, including gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and adjustable gastric banding; and non-surgical usual care. Parameters of the effectiveness of surgery and complications were informed by data from the UK National Bariatric Surgery Registry, the Scandinavian Obesity Registry and the Swedish Obese Subjects study...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667158/obesity-prevention-and-management-strategies-in-canada-shifting-paradigms-and-putting-people-first
#12
REVIEW
Arya M Sharma, Ximena Ramos Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review public and private sector obesity policies in Canada and to make recommendations for future evidence-based obesity prevention and management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthesis of obesity prevention and management policies and research studies are presented in three primary themes: (1) Increased awareness about the impact of weight bias and obesity stigma in Canada; (2) Inadequate government obesity prevention and management policies and strategies; and (3) Lack of comprehensive private sector obesity prevention and management policies...
April 17, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667157/devices-and-endoscopic-bariatric-therapies-for-obesity
#13
REVIEW
Katherine H Saunders, Leon I Igel, Monica Saumoy, Reem Z Sharaiha, Louis J Aronne
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we describe the FDA-approved and investigational devices and endoscopic bariatric therapies for the treatment of obesity. We focus on literature published in the past few years and present mechanisms of action as well as efficacy and safety data. RECENT FINDINGS: Devices and endoscopic procedures are emerging options to fill the significant treatment gap in the management of obesity. Not only are these devices and procedures minimally invasive and reversible, but they are potentially more effective than antiobesity medications, often safer for poor surgical candidates and possibly less expensive than bariatric surgery...
April 17, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667152/falls-in-mexican-older-adults-aged-60-years-and-older
#14
Luis M Valderrama-Hinds, Soham Al Snih, Nai-Wei Chen, Martin A Rodriguez, Rebeca Wong
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of disability, morbidity, institutionalization, and mortality in older adults. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the risk factors for falls among Mexican older adults aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study included 6247 participants and their spouse or partner aged 60 years and older from the Mexican Health and Aging Study, an ongoing longitudinal study (2001-2012) conducted in Mexico...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667132/obesity-and-episodic-memory-function
#15
REVIEW
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
Obesity-related lifestyle factors, such as physical activity behavior and dietary intake, have been shown to be associated with episodic memory function. From animal work, there is considerable biological plausibility linking obesity with worse memory function. There are no published systematic reviews evaluating the effects of obesity on episodic memory function among humans, and examining whether physical activity and diet influences this obesity-memory link. Thus, the purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the totality of research examining whether obesity is associated with episodic memory function, and whether physical activity and dietary behavior confounds this relationship...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667113/lack-of-association-between-obesity-and-aggressiveness-of-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#16
G Grani, L Lamartina, T Montesano, G Ronga, V Maggisano, R Falcone, V Ramundo, L Giacomelli, C Durante, D Russo, M Maranghi
PURPOSE: Aim of this study was to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and aggressive features of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in a prospective cohort. METHODS: Patients with DTC were prospectively enrolled at a tertiary referral center and grouped according to their BMI. Aggressive clinic-pathological features were analyzed following the American Thyroid Association Initial Risk Stratification System score. RESULTS: The cohort was composed of 432 patients: 5 (1...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667027/neonatal-overfeeding-impairs-differentiation-potential-of-mice-subcutaneous-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#17
Isabelle Dias, Ísis Salviano, André Mencalha, Simone Nunes de Carvalho, Alessandra Alves Thole, Laís Carvalho, Erika Cortez, Ana Carolina Stumbo
Nutritional changes in the development (intrauterine life and postnatal period) may trigger long-term pathophysiological complications such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. Metabolic programming leads to organs and tissues modifications, including adipose tissue, with increased lipogenesis, production of inflammatory cytokines, and decreased glucose uptake. However, stem cells participation in adipose tissue dysfunctions triggered by overfeeding during lactation has not been elucidated. Therefore, this study was the first to evaluate the effect of metabolic programming on adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ASC) from mice submitted to overfeeding during lactation, using the litter reduction model...
April 17, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667023/liraglutide-effects-on-upper-gastrointestinal-investigations-implications-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#18
Renuca Modi, Peter Rye, Sarah Cawsey, Daniel W Birch, Arya M Sharma
Liraglutide is a glucagon-like peptide type 1 (GLP-1) analogue that is approved for long-term obesity management in North America. While bariatric surgery remains the gold standard for weight loss, an increasing number of patients are on liraglutide in the setting of ongoing workup for bariatric surgery. The presence of gastrointestinal symptoms prior to bariatric surgery may prompt testing for dysmotility, which affects surgical decision making. Here we report six cases where treatment with liraglutide was associated with reversible reduction in gastric and esophageal motility in screening for bariatric surgery...
April 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667012/bone-marrow-adipocyte-developmental-origin-and-biology
#19
REVIEW
Joanna Bukowska, Trivia Frazier, Stanley Smith, Theodore Brown, Robert Bender, Michelle McCarthy, Xiying Wu, Bruce A Bunnell, Jeffrey M Gimble
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores how the relationships between bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) adipogenesis with advancing age, obesity, and/or bone diseases (osteopenia or osteoporosis) contribute to mechanisms underlying musculoskeletal pathophysiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have re-defined adipose tissue as a dynamic, vital organ with functions extending beyond its historic identity restricted solely to that of an energy reservoir or sink. "State of the art" methodologies provide novel insights into the developmental origin, physiology, and function of different adipose tissue depots...
April 18, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666954/clinical-characteristics-of-a-japanese-patient-with-bardet-biedl-syndrome-caused-by-bbs10-mutations
#20
Kentaro Kurata, Katsuhiro Hosono, Akiko Hikoya, Akihiko Kato, Hirotomo Saitsu, Shinsei Minoshima, Tsutomu Ogata, Yoshihiro Hotta
PURPOSE: Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by retinal dystrophy, renal dysfunction, central obesity, mental impairment, polydactyly, and hypogonadism. Only limited information on BBS is available from Japanese patients. In addition, there are currently no reports of Japanese patients with BBS caused by BBS10 mutations. The purpose of this study was to present the characteristics of a Japanese patient with BBS caused by BBS10 mutations. PATIENT AND METHODS: The patient was a 22-year-old Japanese woman...
April 17, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
30689
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"