keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Swallowing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684933/-dysphagia-from-a-gastroenterologist-s-perspective
#1
Marcus Hollenbach, Jürgen Feisthammel, Joachim Mössner, Albrecht Hoffmeister
Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) comprise a common cause of medical consultation and are defined as a subjective sensation of difficulty or abnormality of swallowing. In the initial step, a clear differentiation of dysphagia from odynophagia and globus sensation for further diagnostic procedures is mandatory. The careful questioning of patients symptoms and complaints is often helpful for the differentiation of oropharyngeal and esophageal dysphagia. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is mainly caused by neurological disorders (cerebral ischemia, Parkinson's disease, dementia) or local compression of malignancies, thyroid gland or lymph nodes...
May 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684897/reproductive-and-developmental-changes-in-tree-swallows-tachycineta-bicolor-are-influenced-by-multiple-stressors-including-polycyclic-aromatic-compounds-in-the-athabasca-oil-sands
#2
K J Fernie, S C Marteinson, C Soos, D Chen, L Cruz-Martinez, J E G Smits
Mining in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region (AOSR) has contributed extensively to increased exposure of wildlife to naturally occurring polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs), yet little is known about the toxicity of PACs to wildlife in this region. We identified reproductive and developmental changes in tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) breeding in close proximity to mining-related activities in the AOSR, and determined these changes in relation to the birds' exposure and accumulation of 41 PACs (parent-, alkylated-PAHs), dibenzothiophenes (DBTs; previously published), diet (carbon (δ13 C), nitrogen (δ15 N)), volatile organic compounds, and weather variables...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684415/the-effect-of-mastication-on-food-intake-satiety-and-body-weight
#3
James H Hollis
As mastication is the major component of the oral processing of solid foods a better understanding of its influence on ingestion, digestion and metabolism may lead to new approaches to improve health. A growing number of studies provide evidence that mastication may influence energy balance through several routes: activation of histaminergic neurons, reducing eating rate, altered digestion kinetics, and changes in macronutrient availability. Indeed, accumulating evidence indicates that increasing the number of masticatory cycles before swallowing reduces food intake and increases satiety...
April 20, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683051/a-bitter-pill-to-swallow-how-price-hiking-drug-companies-exploit-the-national-health-service
#4
Billy Kenber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681829/dysphagia-causes-symptom-fluctuations-after-oral-l-dopa-treatment-in-a-patient-with-parkinson-disease
#5
Hiromasa Sato, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Masako Sato, Yoshihiko Furusawa, Miho Murata
Objective: The causes of "delayed-on" and "no-on" phenomena in Parkinson disease (PD) are thought to have some impact on the progress of L-DOPA from the time of ingestion until it reaches the brain and is converted to dopamine. Dysphagia can cause fluctuating symptom expression in L-DOPA therapy for PD. Case Description: A 69-year-old man with PD presented with "delayed-on" and "no-on" phenomena. The patient developed a gait disorder at age 60 years, and he began coughing on his food during breakfast at age 64 years...
January 2018: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681813/hyperprogressive-disease-in-the-irradiation-field-after-a-single-dose-of-nivolumab-for-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#6
Takatsugu Ogata, Hironaga Satake, Misato Ogata, Yukimasa Hatachi, Hisateru Yasui
Following the ATTRACTION-2 study, nivolumab was approved for advanced gastric cancer in Japan. However, pseudoprogression and hyperprogressive disease have been reported in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors. We report a patient with gastric cancer who received nivolumab after radiotherapy only to experience rapid progression within the irradiation field after the first immunotherapy session. A 66-year-old man with dysphagia visited our hospital and was diagnosed with stage IV gastroesophageal cancer (human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 score = 0)...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681623/lack-of-improvement-of-impaired-chemical-clearance-characterizes-ppi-refractory-reflux-related-heartburn
#7
Marzio Frazzoni, Leonardo Frazzoni, Salvatore Tolone, Nicola De Bortoli, Vincenzo Savarino, Edoardo Savarino
OBJECTIVE: Heartburn is the most specific symptom of reflux disease and is highly responsive to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Some patients do not respond to PPIs, but mechanisms of refractoriness have not yet been fully elucidated. Impedance-pH monitoring, allowing comprehensive on-therapy assessment of reflux, represents a valuable test to investigate PPI refractoriness. METHODS: Prospective multicenter study comparing endoscopy-negative patients with PPI-refractory and PPI-responsive heartburn...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675685/laplace-based-modeling-of-fiber-orientation-in-the-tongue
#8
Arnold D Gomez, Nahla Elsaid, Maureen L Stone, Jiachen Zhuo, Jerry L Prince
Mechanical modeling of tongue deformation plays a significant role in the study of breathing, swallowing, and speech production. In the absence of internal joints, fiber orientations determine the direction of sarcomeric contraction and have great influence over real and simulated tissue motion. However, subject-specific experimental observations of fiber distribution are difficult to obtain; thus, models of fiber distribution are generally used in mechanical simulations. This paper describes modeling of fiber distribution using solutions of Laplace equations and compares the effectiveness of this approach against tractography from diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging...
April 19, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675017/-de-novo-fatty-acid-synthesis-during-mycobacterial-infection-is-a-prerequisite-for-the-function-of-highly-proliferative-t-cells-but-not-for-dendritic-cells-or-macrophages
#9
Philipp Stüve, Lucía Minarrieta, Hanna Erdmann, Catharina Arnold-Schrauf, Maxine Swallow, Melanie Guderian, Freyja Krull, Alexandra Hölscher, Peyman Ghorbani, Jochen Behrends, Wolf-Rainer Abraham, Christoph Hölscher, Tim D Sparwasser, Luciana Berod
Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( Mtb ), the causative agent of human tuberculosis, is able to efficiently manipulate the host immune system establishing chronic infection, yet the underlying mechanisms of immune evasion are not fully understood. Evidence suggests that this pathogen interferes with host cell lipid metabolism to ensure its persistence. Fatty acid metabolism is regulated by acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) 1 and 2; both isoforms catalyze the conversion of acetyl-CoA into malonyl-CoA, but have distinct roles...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674293/protein-adsorption-and-macrophage-uptake-of-zwitterionic-sulfobetaine-containing-micelles
#10
Aijing Lu, Zhengzhong Wu, Xianglin Luo, Suming Li
Micelles of poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-poly(N,N-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate)/(N-(3-sulfopropyl-N-methacryloxyethy-N,N-diethylammonium betaine)) (PCL-PDEAPS) and poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PCL-PEG) were prepared and characterized. The interactions of micelles with model proteins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA), lysozyme (Ly), fibrinogen (Fg) and plasma were studied from adsorption quantity, micelle size, polydispersity index (PDI) and zeta-potential measurements. The adsorption quantity of negatively charged proteins on PCL-PDEAPS micelles containing zwitterionic sulfobetaine is larger than on non-ionic PEG-PCL micelles...
April 9, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673563/management-of-laryngeal-cleft-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-severe-comorbidities
#11
Rumi Ueha, Takao Goto, Asako Kaneoka, Tomonori Takano, Taku Sato, Yoichiro Hirata, Takaharu Nito, Tatsuya Yamasoba
Laryngeal clefts are rare congenital malformations of the posterior part of the larynx. The severities are correlated with the downward extension of the cleft and can involve numerous clinical symptoms including dysphagia and respiratory distress. As significant comorbidities may be present, individual treatments depend on the child's general condition and type of cleft involved. Herein, we describe two cases of children with laryngeal clefts and severe comorbidities requiring mechanical ventilation. One child with type III laryngeal cleft was successfully managed with the lateral pharyngotomy approach...
April 16, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672224/nocturnal-swallowing-and-arousal-threshold-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Aliza Rizwan, Abdulghani Sankari, Amy T Bascom, Sarah Vaughan, M Safwan Badr
Respiratory complications are potential causes of death in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Nocturnal swallowing could be related to transient arousals, and lead to fragmented sleep in SCI patients. However, the impact of nocturnal swallowing on breathing and sleep physiology in SCI is unknown. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine whether nocturnal swallowing is more common in SCI than in able-bodied subjects, (2) to determine the role of nocturnal swallowing on arousal threshold in SCI individuals with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), (3) to determine the effect of CPAP treatment on nocturnal swallowing...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670741/coexisting-sublingual-dermoid-cyst-and-heterotopic-gastrointestinal-cyst-case-report
#13
Göksel Şimşek-Kaya, İrem-Hicran Özbudak, Dinçer Kader
A heterotopic oral gastrointestinal cyst coexisting with a lingual dermoid cyst is a rare condition, with only 3 reported cases in the English-language literature. Clinically, both gastrointestinal and dermoid cysts tend to manifest as an asymptomatic swelling. Cysts above the mylohyoid often present with sublingual swelling, whereas those below the mylohyoid present with submental swelling. Increased salivation, altered speech, dyspnea and difficulties in eating, swallowing and respiration may be present, depending on the size of the cyst...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670413/quality-of-life-after-esophageal-resection
#14
Wendy Jo Svetanoff, Rose McGahan, Saurabh Singhal, Carrie Bertellotti, Sumeet K Mittal
Introduction: Esophageal resection is the primary treatment for malignant esophageal disease and the last resort for benign end-stage esophageal disease. There is a paucity of research comparing the long-term quality of life (QoL) following surgery among these two populations. The aim of this study was to examine the patient reported QoL after esophageal resection using questionnaires focusing on general well-being and esophageal-specific symptoms. Methods: A prospectively maintained database of post-operatively administered European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) with supplemental esophageal cancer-specific questionnaires (OES-18) was queried after institutional review board approval through Creighton University School of Medicine...
2018: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670357/dronabinol-oral-solution-in-the-management-of-anorexia-and-weight-loss-in-aids-and-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Melissa E Badowski, Paa Kwesi Yanful
The true incidence of anorexia secondary to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and cancer is not well classified owing to the fact that there is a lack of standardized definitions and recent clinical data in these settings. Dronabinol, or Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is a synthetic molecule that closely mimics the action of Cannabis sativa L., a naturally occurring compound activated in the central nervous system by cannabinoid receptors. Dronabinol exerts its effects by directly acting on the vomiting and appetite control centers in the brain, which in turn increases appetite and prevents vomiting...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669540/predictive-values-of-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-alarm-symptoms-in-the-general-population-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#16
Sanne Rasmussen, Peter Fentz Haastrup, Kirubakaran Balasubramaniam, René DePont Christensen, Jens Søndergaard, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl
BACKGROUND: Survival rates for upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer are poor since many are diagnosed at advanced stages. Fast track endoscopy has been introduced to prompt diagnosis for patients with alarm symptoms that could be indicative of upper GI cancer. However, these symptoms may represent benign conditions and little is known about the predictive values of alarm symptoms of upper GI cancer in the general population. METHODS: The study is a nationwide cohort study of 60,562 individuals aged 45 years or above randomly selected from the Danish general population...
April 18, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668302/clinical-factors-impacting-on-late-dysphagia-following-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#17
Sarah Deschuymer, Daan Nevens, Fréderic Duprez, Annouschka Laenen, Eddy Dejaeger, Wilfried De Neve, Ann Goeleven, Sandra Nuyts
OBJECTIVE: Patient and treatment characteristics of patients with head and neck cancer (HNSCC) were correlated with dysphagia scored on swallowing-videofluoroscopy (VFS) and with patient and physician scored dysphagia. METHODS: Sixty-three HNSCC patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) were evaluated at baseline, 6 and 12 months post-RT. VFS was scored with Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Swallowing Performance Scale (SPS). Physician and patient scored dysphagia were prospectively recorded according to CTCAE scoring system, RTOG/EORTC scoring system and EORTC-QLQ H&N35 questionnaire...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668108/sonographic-assessment-of-swallowing-in-irradiated-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients
#18
Dennis T H Cheng, Kathy Y S Lee, Anil T Ahuja, Michael C F Tong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Ultrasonography is an emerging clinical tool to study the dysfunction of swallowing muscles. This was the first sonographic study to assess the relationship between suprahyoid muscle contraction, hyoid bone displacement, and penetration-aspiration status (PAS) during swallowing in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). The study also aimed to establish reliability data for the sonographic technique described. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663804/piezoelectric-polyacrylonitrile-nanofiber-film-based-dual-function-self-powered-flexible-sensor
#19
Gengrui Zhao, Xiaodi Zhang, Xin Cui, Shu Wang, Zhirong Liu, Lin Deng, Anhui Qi, Xiran Qiao, Lijie Li, Caofeng Pan, Yan Zhang, Linlin Li
To meet the growing demands in flexible and wearable electronics, various sensors have been designed for detecting and monitoring the physical quantity changes. However, most of these sensors can only detect one certain kind of physical quantity based on a single mechanism. In this paper, we have fabricated a multifunctional sensor made from carbonized electrospun polyacrylonitrile/barium titanate (PAN-C/BTO) nanofiber film. It can detect two physical quantities (pressure and curvature), independently and simultaneously, by integrating piezoresistive, piezoelectric and triboelectric effect...
April 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663160/swallowing-dysfunction-as-risk-factor-for-undernutrition-in-older-people-admitted-to-swedish-short-term-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Patricia Hägglund, Anna Fält, Mary Hägg, Per Wester, Eva Levring Jäghagen
BACKGROUND: Swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition increase the risk of pneumonia, morbidity, and mortality. Short-term care is an unexplored care context, where many older people stay yearly. AIM: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe and analyze the relationship between swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition among older people in short-term care, including potential gender-related differences. METHODS: In total, 391 people (209 women), aged ≥ 65 years (median age 84 years) and admitted to short-term care in five Swedish counties participated...
April 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
keyword
keyword
3068
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"