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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913029/pharmacovigilance-and-biomedical-informatics-a-model-for-future-development
#1
Paul Beninger, Michael A Ibara
PURPOSE: The discipline of pharmacovigilance is rooted in the aftermath of the thalidomide tragedy of 1961. It has evolved as a result of collaborative efforts by many individuals and organizations, including physicians, patients, Health Authorities, universities, industry, the World Health Organization, the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, and the International Conference on Harmonisation. Biomedical informatics is rooted in technologically based methodologies and has evolved at the speed of computer technology...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880746/notice-to-readers-nndss-tables-have-updated-n-indicators-for-2015-and-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
CDC's National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) maintains and annually updates information about whether each Nationally Notifiable Infectious Condition (NNIC) is considered "reportable" (by health care providers, hospitals, laboratories, or other public health reporters) in each reporting jurisdiction. NNDSS personnel within the Division of Health Informatics and Surveillance performed assessments with each reporting jurisdiction to ascertain the reportable disease status of each NNIC for 2015 and 2016...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863959/transmission-of-staphylococcus-aureus-between-health-care-workers-the-environment-and-patients-in-an-intensive-care-unit-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-based-on-whole-genome-sequencing
#3
James R Price, Kevin Cole, Andrew Bexley, Vasiliki Kostiou, David W Eyre, Tanya Golubchik, Daniel J Wilson, Derrick W Crook, A Sarah Walker, Timothy E A Peto, Martin J Llewelyn, John Paul
BACKGROUND: Health-care workers have been implicated in nosocomial outbreaks of Staphylococcus aureus, but the dearth of evidence from non-outbreak situations means that routine health-care worker screening and S aureus eradication are controversial. We aimed to determine how often S aureus is transmitted from health-care workers or the environment to patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) and a high-dependency unit (HDU) where standard infection control measures were in place. METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study, we systematically sampled health-care workers, the environment, and patients over 14 months at the ICU and HDU of the Royal Sussex County Hospital, Brighton, England...
November 15, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832780/public-responses-to-the-sharing-and-linkage-of-health-data-for-research-purposes-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#4
Mhairi Aitken, Jenna de St Jorre, Claudia Pagliari, Ruth Jepson, Sarah Cunningham-Burley
BACKGROUND: The past 10 years have witnessed a significant growth in sharing of health data for secondary uses. Alongside this there has been growing interest in the public acceptability of data sharing and data linkage practices. Public acceptance is recognised as crucial for ensuring the legitimacy of current practices and systems of governance. Given the growing international interest in this area this systematic review and thematic synthesis represents a timely review of current evidence...
November 10, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830258/some-innovative-approaches-for-public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#5
L Toubiana, N Griffon
OBJECTIVES: Summarize excellent current research published in 2015 in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. METHODS: The complete 2015 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics has been searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to allow the editorial team an enlightened selection of the best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830257/public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#6
A Flahault, A Bar-Hen, N Paragios
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this manuscript is to provide a brief overview of the scientific challenges that should be addressed in order to unlock the full potential of using data from a general point of view, as well as to present some ideas that could help answer specific needs for data understanding in the field of health sciences and epidemiology. METHODS: A survey of uses and challenges of big data analyses for medicine and public health was conducted. The first part of the paper focuses on big data techniques, algorithms, and statistical approaches to identify patterns in data...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830254/clinical-research-informatics-contributions-from-2015
#7
C Daniel, R Choquet
OBJECTIVES: To summarize key contributions to current research in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) and to select best papers published in 2015. METHOD: A bibliographic search using a combination of MeSH and free terms search over PubMed on Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) was performed followed by a double-blind review in order to select a list of candidate best papers to be then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting between the two section editors and the editorial team was finally organized to conclude on the selection of best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830253/clinical-research-informatics-for-big-data-and-precision-medicine
#8
C Weng, M G Kahn
OBJECTIVES: To reflect on the notable events and significant developments in Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) in the year of 2015 and discuss near-term trends impacting CRI. METHODS: We selected key publications that highlight not only important recent advances in CRI but also notable events likely to have significant impact on CRI activities over the next few years or longer, and consulted the discussions in relevant scientific communities and an online living textbook for modern clinical trials...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830228/methods-for-addressing-technology-induced-errors-the-current-state
#9
E Borycki, J W Dexheimer, C Hullin Lucay Cossio, Y Gong, S Jensen, J Kaipio, S Kennebeck, E Kirkendall, A W Kushniruk, C Kuziemsky, R Marcilly, R Röhrig, K Saranto, Y Senathirajah, J Weber, H Takeda
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper are to review and discuss the methods that are being used internationally to report on, mitigate, and eliminate technology-induced errors. METHODS: The IMIA Working Group for Health Informatics for Patient Safety worked together to review and synthesize some of the main methods and approaches associated with technology- induced error reporting, reduction, and mitigation. The work involved a review of the evidence-based literature as well as guideline publications specific to health informatics...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828727/palliative-care-for-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Sarah Gebauer, Sarah Knox Morley, Emily A Haozous, Esme Finlay, Chris Camarata, Bridget Fahy, Erin FitzGerald, Kimberly Harlow, Lisa Marr
BACKGROUND: Little is known about optimal palliative and end-of-life care for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane library, EBSCOhost, (PsycINFO, CINAHL Complete), and the University of New Mexico (UNM) Health Sciences Library and Informatics Center Native Health Database for search terms related to palliative care and AIs/ANs as of December 1, 2015. We included English language, peer-reviewed articles describing palliative care projects, programs, or studies in AI/AN populations or communities...
December 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798532/barriers-to-local-public-health-chronic-disease-surveillance-through-health-information-exchange-a-capacity-assessment-of-health-departments-in-the-health-information-network-of-south-texas
#11
Saad Khan, Christopher M Shea, Hibah Khalid Qudsi
Health information exchanges (HIEs) offer potential data sources for public health agencies to improve chronic disease surveillance; however, public health has not yet capitalized on these data. This study identified barriers that public health departments participating in the Health Information Network of South Texas face regarding HIE and community-level surveillance of chronic diseases. This study focused on 2 health departments participating in the Health Information Network of South Texas. We administered a survey to inventory the technology infrastructure of health departments and conducted semistructured interviews of the local, state, and national officials...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752295/observations-illustrating-the-use-of-health-informatics-to-link-public-health-immunization-registries-and-pharmacies-to-increase-adult-immunization-rates-and-improve-population-health-outcomes
#12
Michael Popovich, Brandy Altstadter, Lara Hargraves Popovich
The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act encourages health information exchange between clinical care and public health through Meaningful Use measures. Meaningful Use specifically identifies objectives to support a number of public health programs including immunizations, cancer registries, syndromic surveillance, and disease case reports. The objective is to improve public and population health. Stage 2 of Meaningful Use focused on compliance to sending of information to public health...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713905/a-harmonized-data-quality-assessment-terminology-and-framework-for-the-secondary-use-of-electronic-health-record-data
#13
Michael G Kahn, Tiffany J Callahan, Juliana Barnard, Alan E Bauck, Jeff Brown, Bruce N Davidson, Hossein Estiri, Carsten Goerg, Erin Holve, Steven G Johnson, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Marianne Hamilton-Lopez, Daniella Meeker, Toan C Ong, Patrick Ryan, Ning Shang, Nicole G Weiskopf, Chunhua Weng, Meredith N Zozus, Lisa Schilling
OBJECTIVE: Harmonized data quality (DQ) assessment terms, methods, and reporting practices can establish a common understanding of the strengths and limitations of electronic health record (EHR) data for operational analytics, quality improvement, and research. Existing published DQ terms were harmonized to a comprehensive unified terminology with definitions and examples and organized into a conceptual framework to support a common approach to defining whether EHR data is 'fit' for specific uses...
2016: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694648/health-departments-engagement-in-emergency-preparedness-activities-the-influence-of-health-informatics-capacity
#14
Gulzar H Shah, Bobbie Newell, Ruth E Whitworth
BACKGROUND: Local health departments (LHDs) operate in a complex and dynamic public health landscape, with changing demands on their emergency response capacities. Informatics capacities might play an instrumental role in aiding LHDs emergency preparedness. This study aimed to explore the extent to which LHDs' informatics capacities are associated with their activity level in emergency preparedness and to identify which health informatics capacities are associated with improved emergency preparedness...
April 30, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684627/the-methods-behind-2015-informatics-capacity-and-needs-assessment-study
#15
Gulzar H Shah
The 2015 Informatics Needs and Capacity of Local Health Departments (LHDs) survey is the most recent comprehensive source of quantitative data on LHD informatics. Conducted by the National Association of County & City Health Officials (NACCHO), this is the third nationally representative quantitative study of LHD informatics since 2009. The previous 2 comprehensive quantitative assessments were conducted by NACCHO in 2009-2010 and 2011. Given that public health informatics is rapidly evolving, the 2015 Informatics survey is a much-needed country-wide assessment of the current informatics needs and capacities of LHDs...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684620/urgent-challenges-for-local-public-health-informatics
#16
P Joseph Gibson, Gulzar H Shah, Laura C Streichert, Linda Verchick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684619/public-health-staff-development-needs-in-informatics-findings-from-a-national-survey-of-local-health-departments
#17
Barbara L Massoudi, Kelley Chester, Gulzar H Shah
CONTEXT: Public health practice is information-intensive and information-driven. Public health informatics is a nascent discipline, and most public health practitioners lack necessary skills in this area. OBJECTIVE: To describe the staff development needs of local health departments (LHDs) related to informatics. DESIGN: Data came from the 2015 Informatics Capacity and Needs Assessment Survey, conducted by Georgia Southern University in collaboration with the National Association of County & City Health Officials...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684618/assessing-skills-and-capacity-for-informatics-activities-most-commonly-performed-by-or-for-local-health-departments
#18
Kate Drezner, Lisa McKeown, Gulzar H Shah
OBJECTIVE: To describe the informatics activities performed by and for local health departments. DESIGN: Analysis of data from the 2015 Informatics Capacity and Needs Assessment Survey of local health departments conducted by the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health at Georgia Southern University in collaboration with the National Association of County & City Health Officials. PARTICIPANTS: 324 local health departments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Informatics activities performed at or for local health departments in use and analysis of data, system design, and routine use of information systems...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684617/local-health-departments-partners-and-challenges-in-electronic-exchange-of-health-information
#19
Gulzar H Shah, Joshua R Vest, Kay Lovelace, J Mac McCullough
BACKGROUND: Unprecedented amounts of data are produced by the health care and other sectors, presenting opportunities for local health departments (LHDs) to access these data. LHDs will need to participate in health information exchange (HIE) with a number of partners in order to benefit from these data resources. LHDs' participation in HIEs with specific partners has not been studied. OBJECTIVES: To describe the level of and challenges in LHD participation in HIE with other partners, and variation by LHD population size and governance type...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684614/electronic-health-records-and-meaningful-use-in-local-health-departments-updates-from-the-2015-naccho-informatics-assessment-survey
#20
Karmen S Williams, Gulzar H Shah
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are evolving the scope of operations, practices, and outcomes of population health in the United States. Local health departments (LHDs) need adequate health informatics capacities to handle the quantity and quality of population health data. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain an updated view using the most recent data to identify the primary storage of clinical data, status of data for meaningful use, and characteristics associated with the implementation of EHRs in LHDs...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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