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Public health informatics

Michael Popovich, Brandy Altstadter, Lara Hargraves Popovich, B S Biology
The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act encourages health information exchange between clinical care and public health through Meaningful Use measures. Meaningful Use specifically identifies objectives to support a number of public health programs including immunizations, cancer registries, syndromic surveillance, and disease case reports. The objective is to improve public and population health. Stage 2 of Meaningful Use focused on compliance to sending of information to public health...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Michael G Kahn, Tiffany J Callahan, Juliana Barnard, Alan E Bauck, Jeff Brown, Bruce N Davidson, Hossein Estiri, Carsten Goerg, Erin Holve, Steven G Johnson, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Marianne Hamilton-Lopez, Daniella Meeker, Toan C Ong, Patrick Ryan, Ning Shang, Nicole G Weiskopf, Chunhua Weng, Meredith N Zozus, Lisa Schilling
OBJECTIVE: Harmonized data quality (DQ) assessment terms, methods, and reporting practices can establish a common understanding of the strengths and limitations of electronic health record (EHR) data for operational analytics, quality improvement, and research. Existing published DQ terms were harmonized to a comprehensive unified terminology with definitions and examples and organized into a conceptual framework to support a common approach to defining whether EHR data is 'fit' for specific uses...
2016: EGEMS
Gulzar H Shah, Bobbie Newell, Ruth E Whitworth
BACKGROUND: Local health departments (LHDs) operate in a complex and dynamic public health landscape, with changing demands on their emergency response capacities. Informatics capacities might play an instrumental role in aiding LHDs emergency preparedness. This study aimed to explore the extent to which LHDs' informatics capacities are associated with their activity level in emergency preparedness and to identify which health informatics capacities are associated with improved emergency preparedness...
April 30, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Gulzar H Shah
The 2015 Informatics Needs and Capacity of Local Health Departments (LHDs) survey is the most recent comprehensive source of quantitative data on LHD informatics. Conducted by the National Association of County & City Health Officials (NACCHO), this is the third nationally representative quantitative study of LHD informatics since 2009. The previous 2 comprehensive quantitative assessments were conducted by NACCHO in 2009-2010 and 2011. Given that public health informatics is rapidly evolving, the 2015 Informatics survey is a much-needed country-wide assessment of the current informatics needs and capacities of LHDs...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
P Joseph Gibson, Gulzar H Shah, Laura C Streichert, Linda Verchick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Barbara L Massoudi, Kelley Chester, Gulzar H Shah
CONTEXT: Public health practice is information-intensive and information-driven. Public health informatics is a nascent discipline, and most public health practitioners lack necessary skills in this area. OBJECTIVE: To describe the staff development needs of local health departments (LHDs) related to informatics. DESIGN: Data came from the 2015 Informatics Capacity and Needs Assessment Survey, conducted by Georgia Southern University in collaboration with the National Association of County & City Health Officials...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Kate Drezner, Lisa McKeown, Gulzar H Shah
OBJECTIVE: To describe the informatics activities performed by and for local health departments. DESIGN: Analysis of data from the 2015 Informatics Capacity and Needs Assessment Survey of local health departments conducted by the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health at Georgia Southern University in collaboration with the National Association of County & City Health Officials. PARTICIPANTS: 324 local health departments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Informatics activities performed at or for local health departments in use and analysis of data, system design, and routine use of information systems...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Gulzar H Shah, Joshua R Vest, Kay Lovelace, J Mac McCullough
BACKGROUND: Unprecedented amounts of data are produced by the health care and other sectors, presenting opportunities for local health departments (LHDs) to access these data. LHDs will need to participate in health information exchange (HIE) with a number of partners in order to benefit from these data resources. LHDs' participation in HIEs with specific partners has not been studied. OBJECTIVES: To describe the level of and challenges in LHD participation in HIE with other partners, and variation by LHD population size and governance type...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Karmen S Williams, Gulzar H Shah
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are evolving the scope of operations, practices, and outcomes of population health in the United States. Local health departments (LHDs) need adequate health informatics capacities to handle the quantity and quality of population health data. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain an updated view using the most recent data to identify the primary storage of clinical data, status of data for meaningful use, and characteristics associated with the implementation of EHRs in LHDs...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
J Mac McCullough, Kate Goodin
CONTEXT: Numerous software and data storage systems are employed by local health departments (LHDs) to manage clinical and nonclinical data needs. Leveraging electronic systems may yield improvements in public health practice. However, information is lacking regarding current usage patterns among LHDs. OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical and nonclinical data storage and software types by LHDs. DESIGN: Data came from the 2015 Informatics Capacity and Needs Assessment Survey, conducted by Georgia Southern University in collaboration with the National Association of County and City Health Officials...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Kelley Chester, Barbara L Massoudi, Gulzar H Shah
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in information technology (IT) infrastructure in public health, there is still much that can be done to improve the adoption of IT in state and local health departments, by better understanding the impact of governance and control structures of physical infrastructure. OBJECTIVE: To report out the current status of the physical infrastructure control of local health departments (LHDs) and to determine whether there is a significant association between an LHD's governance status and control of the physical infrastructure components...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Karen DeSalvo, Y Claire Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
C Nithikathkul, A Trevanich, T Wongsaroj, C Wongsawad, P Reungsang
At the beginning of the new millennium, helminth infections continue to be prevalent, particularly among impoverished populations. This study attempts to create the first health informatics model of helminthiasis in Thailand. The authors investigate how a health informatics model could be used to predict the control and eradication in a national control campaign. Fish-borne helminthiasis caused by Opisthorchis viverrini remains a major public health problem in many parts of South-East Asia, including Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Cambodia...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
Badeia Jawhari, Dave Ludwick, Louanne Keenan, David Zakus, Robert Hayward
BACKGROUND: The intent of this review is to discover the types of inquiry and range of objectives and outcomes addressed in studies of the impacts of Electronic Medical Record (EMR) implementations in limited resource settings in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A state-of-the-art review characterized relevant publications from bibliographic databases and grey literature repositories through systematic searching, concept-mapping, relevance and quality filter optimization, methods and outcomes categorization and key article analysis...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
(no author information available yet)
The present study is primarily aimed at an audience of evolutionary biologists in the broad sense for Parts 1-3, as well as at scientists from other professional disciplines looking for new approaches to explore phenomena in nature. However, the content is in general not written as technical text or filled with equations that make it utterly incomprehensible for 'normal' people, although they would have to skip strictly professional biochemical and biological terms that are a constituent part of the evidence in a scientific sense...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Jinoos Yazdany, Mark Robbins, Gabriela Schmajuk, Sonali Desai, Diane Lacaille, Tuhina Neogi, Jasvinder A Singh, Mark Genovese, Rachel Myslinski, Natalie Fisk, Melissa Francisco, Eric Newman
BACKGROUND: Electronic clinical quality measures (eCQMs) rely on computer algorithms to extract data from electronic health records (EHRs). On behalf of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), we sought to develop and test eCQMs for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Drawing from published ACR guidelines, a working group developed candidate RA process measures and subsequently assessed face validity through an interdisciplinary panel of health care stakeholders...
August 26, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
José M Merigó, Alicia Núñez
BACKGROUND: There is a wide range of intellectual work written about health research, which has been shaped by the evolution of diseases. This study aims to identify the leading journals over the last 25 years (1990-2014) according to a wide range of bibliometric indicators. METHODS: The study develops a bibliometric overview of all the journals that are currently indexed in Web of Science (WoS) database in any of the four categories connected to health research...
2016: Globalization and Health
Michael Y Lin, William E Trick
Informatics tools are becoming integral to routine infection control activities. Informatics has the potential to improve infection control outcomes in surveillance, prevention, and connections with public health. Surveillance activities include fully or semiautomated surveillance of infections, surveillance of device use, and hospital/ward outbreak investigation. Prevention activities include awareness of multidrug-resistant organism carriage on admission, enhanced interfacility communication, identifying inappropriate infection precautions, reducing device use, and antimicrobial stewardship...
September 2016: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
Stefan Gogaert, Axel Vande Veegaete, Annelies Scholliers, Philippe Vandekerckhove
First aid (FA) services are provisioned on-site as a preventive measure at most public events. In Flanders, Belgium, the Belgian Red Cross-Flanders (BRCF) is the major provider of these FA services with volunteers being deployed at approximately 10,000 public events annually. The BRCF has systematically registered information on the patients being treated in FA posts at major events and mass gatherings during the last 10 years. This information has been collected in a web-based client server system called "MedTRIS" (Medical Triage and Registration Informatics System)...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Guillermo Molina Recio, Laura García-Hernández, Rafael Molina Luque, Lorenzo Salas-Morera
BACKGROUND: Several studies have estimated the potential economic and social impact of the mHealth development. Considering the latest study by Institute for Healthcare Informatics, more than 165.000 apps of health and medicine are offered including all the stores from different platforms. Thus, the global mHealth market was an estimated $10.5 billion in 2014 and is expected to grow 33.5 percent annually between 2015 and 2020s. In fact, apps of Health have become the third-fastest growing category, only after games and utilities...
2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
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