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Endometrial uterine cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729098/a-multicentre-retrospective-review-of-clinical-characteristics-of-uterine-sarcoma
#1
Marta Wais, Elissa Tepperman, Marcus Q Bernardini, Lilian T Gien, Waldo Jimenez, Ally Murji
OBJECTIVE: Professional societies have recently urged gynaecologists to counsel patients about the risks of encountering uterine sarcoma at fibroid surgery especially when morcellation is used. Our objective was to learn the preoperative and postoperative characteristics of patients with uterine sarcoma to better counsel patients undergoing surgery for presumably benign fibroids. METHODS: This is a multicentre, retrospective cohort study. Three academic tertiary cancer centres in Southern Ontario over a 13-year period (2001-2014)...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727134/biological-markers-with-potential-clinical-value-in-endometrial-cancer-review-of-the-literature
#2
Nadia Taoussi, Ali Alghamdi, Konrad Futyma, Tomasz Rechberger
Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract encountered in western countries, making it the fourth most common cancer in women. The incidence of uterine cancer is on the rise throughout the developed world where diagnosis is increasingly observed among younger patients. With regard to this, attention has been focused on conducting more studies to achieve a better understanding of the molecular genetics related to endometrial carcinogenesis. Over the years, EC has been classified into two broad histopathological subtypes based on the mechanism of development, and we can therefore observe specific biomarkers related to the respective subtype...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721180/adenomyosis-back-to-the-future
#3
Z Ferraz, N Nogueira-Martins, F Nogueira-Martins
Adenomyosis is a benign invasion of endometrium into the myometrium. It produces a diffusely enlarged uterus and predominantly affects women in the late reproductive age. It has recently been associated with a negative impact on female fertility. Diagnosis is challenging because nonspecific symptoms can be present. However, it is asymptomatic in the majority of women. Medical treatment with GnRH agonist seems to be promising, particularly in subfertile women. A retrospective study was performed (182 patients) by examination of histopathological results with "adenomyosis" between January/2013 and September/2016...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719132/endometrial-biopsy-american-college-of-nurse-midwives
#4
(no author information available yet)
Endometrial biopsy can be used to diagnose endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer, and uterine infections. This cost-effective procedure has minimal side effects, and complications are rare. The purpose of this clinical bulletin is to provide clinicians with guidance about endometrial biopsy including the procedure's advantages and disadvantages, indications and contraindications, and side effects. In addition, step-by-step instructions for performing endometrial biopsy, the equipment required, selection of sampling devices, and care before and after the procedure are discussed...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708790/trends-of-gynecological-cancers-in-turkey-towards-europe-or-asia
#5
Murat Gultekin, Irem Kucukyildiz, Mujdegul Zayifoglu Karaca, Selin Dundar, Guledal Boztas, Semra Hatice Turan, Ezgi Hacikamiloglu, Bekir Keskinkilic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate nationwide gynecological cancer trends in Turkey. METHODS: National cancer registry data (2009-2013) of Turkish Ministry of Health were evaluated. Ovarian, cervical, endometrial, vulvar, vaginal, and tubal cancers are evaluated with respect to age of diagnosis, incidence rates within years, stage, histological distributions, and mortality rates. Data were collected from active cancer registry centers, which increased from 23% in 2009 to 47...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702779/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-fallopian-tube-metastases-from-primary-endometrial-cervical-and-nongynecological-malignancies-a-single-institutional-experience
#6
Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
This study was aimed at investigating the clinicopathological characteristics of tubal metastases originating from primary endometrial, cervical, and nongynecological malignancies. We performed a 4-year retrospective study in which fallopian tube tissues obtained from 60 patients with tubal metastases were examined. In addition, we compared the number of tubal metastasis cases detected during periods of representative or whole tubal sampling. Twenty-three and 37 tubal metastases were found in cases examined after representative and whole tubal sampling techniques, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696169/can-the-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-differentiate-the-grade-of-endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-and-the-histological-subtype-of-endometrial-cancer
#7
Bin Yan, Tingting Zhao, Xiufen Liang, Chen Niu, Caixia Ding
Background Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) provides useful information for the identification of benign and malignant uterine lesions. However, the use of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for histopathological grading of endometrial cancer is controversial. Purpose To explore the use of ADC values in differentiating the preoperative tumor grading of endometrioid adenocarcinomas and investigate the relationship between the ADC values of endometrial cancer and the histological tumor subtype. Material and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 98 patients with endometrial cancers, including both endometrioid adenocarcinomas (n = 80) and non-endometrioid adenocarcinomas (n = 18)...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696085/does-fibroids-surgery-by-endoscopy-or-laparotomy-represent-a-malignancy-threat
#8
Liselotte Mettler, Khulkar Abdusattarova, Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND: 1) to estimate the incidence of unsuspected uterine sarcoma in patients after myomectomies and hysterectomies for benign uterine fibroids. 2) to assessed the incidence of uterine sarcomas among patient who had uterine fibroids or a suspicion of uterine sarcoma before undergoing the surgical procedures. METHODS: Retrospective study in single center university hospital. Patient 's records with uterine fibroids and uterine sarcoma from 2003 to 2015 collected...
July 10, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693005/george-papanicolaou-s-efforts-to-develop-novel-cytologic-methods-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-endometrial-carcinoma
#9
R Marshall Austin
Toward the end of his career, Dr. George Papanicolaou became interested in human endometrial explants placed into tissue culture. The initial focus of his studies was on phagocytic cells emanating from endometrial explants and their role in cleansing the uterine cavity after each menstrual cycle and in sterilizing the uterine cavity in the face of infection. Papanicolaou also observed that growth rates of explanted normal and pathologic endometrial tissues differed considerably. Explants of endometrial malignancies exhibited not only increased growth rates but also visible proliferation of cells with readily identifiable cytologic features of malignancy...
July 11, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673864/analysis-of-endometrial-carcinoma-in-young-women-at-a-high-volume-cancer-center
#10
Alper Biler, Ulas Solmaz, Selcuk Erkilinc, Mehmet Gokcu, Mustafa Bagci, Orhan Temel, Tugba Karadeniz, Muzaffer Sanci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment, survival, and prognosis of endometrial cancer in women aged ≤40 years. METHODS: Women who underwent surgery for endometrial cancer at a single high-volume cancer center between January 1995 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Women aged >40, patients with missing data, and those who did not undergo surgical staging were excluded. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to identify the risk factors for overall survival and progression-free survival...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657223/unenhanced-region-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-represents-tumor-progression-in-uterine-carcinosarcoma
#11
Ayami Inoue, Ken Yamaguchi, Yasuhisa Kurata, Ryusuke Murakami, Kaoru Abiko, Junzo Hamanishi, Eiji Kondoh, Tsukasa Baba, Aki Kido, Ikuo Konishi, Noriomi Matsumura
OBJECTIVE: Carcinosarcoma of the uterine corpus has a poor prognosis. Although pathological necrosis is a prognostic factor of endometrial cancer, the clinicopathological influences of an unenhanced region observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are inconclusive. The aim of our study was to determine the clinicobiological impact of the presence of an unenhanced region on MRI, which can represent necrosis, in uterine carcinosarcoma. METHODS: The clinicopathological factors of 29 patients diagnosed with uterine carcinosarcoma were assessed retrospectively...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656791/impact-of-laparoscopy-on-the-biological-behavior-and-gene-expression-of-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-cells
#12
Shouguo Huang, Jie Qin, Jin Chen, Hong Cheng, Qiu Meng, Jing Zhang, Haiyan Wang
The current study investigated the effect of laparoscopy on the biological behavior and gene expression of endometrial adenocarcinoma cells. Totally, 40 patients with stage I endometrial adenocarcinoma and 20 patients with benign uterine diseases were enrolled in this study. For patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma, laparoscopy was performed in 20 cases and laparotomy was carried out in the other 20 cases. Total laparoscopic hysterectomy was performed in patients with benign diseases. Cell apoptotic rate and the gene expression of N-myc, Fas, metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1), and nm23-H1 were determined in the normal and cancerous endometrial tissues both preoperatively and postoperatively...
June 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637507/dysregulated-expression-of-long-noncoding-rnas-in-gynecologic-cancers
#13
REVIEW
Elahe Seyed Hosseini, Matthieu Meryet-Figuiere, Hamed Sabzalipoor, Hamed Haddad Kashani, Hossein Nikzad, Zatollah Asemi
Cancers of the female reproductive system include ovarian, uterine, vaginal, cervical and vulvar cancers, which are termed gynecologic cancer. The emergence of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are believed to play a crucial role in several different biological processes, has made the regulation of gene expression more complex. Although the function of lncRNAs is still rather elusive, their broad involvement in the initiation and progression of various cancers is clear. They are also involved in the pathogenesis of cancers of the female reproductive system...
June 21, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624984/the-senhance%C3%A2-surgical-robotic-system-senhance-for-total-hysterectomy-in-obese-patients-a-pilot-study
#14
Salvatore Gueli Alletti, C Rossitto, S Cianci, E Perrone, S Pizzacalla, G Monterossi, G Vizzielli, S Gidaro, G Scambia
This pilot study was aimed to value the feasibility and safety of Senhance Robotic Platform for hysterectomy in obese patients. Ten obese patients (30 < BMI < 40) underwent elective Senhance total extrafascial hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at the Division of Gynecologic Oncology of "Policlinico A. Gemelli" Foundation, Rome, Italy. Perioperative and postoperative outcomes data were recorded. The median age was 60 years (range 51-75) and the median BMI was 33.3 kg/m(2) (range 30...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620008/pten-dicer1-fh-and-their-associated-tumor-susceptibility-syndromes-clinical-features-genetics-and-surveillance-recommendations-in-childhood
#15
REVIEW
Kris Ann P Schultz, Surya P Rednam, Junne Kamihara, Leslie Doros, Maria Isabel Achatz, Jonathan D Wasserman, Lisa R Diller, Laurence Brugières, Harriet Druker, Katherine A Schneider, Rose B McGee, William D Foulkes
PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS), DICER1 syndrome, and hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) syndrome are pleiotropic tumor predisposition syndromes that include benign and malignant neoplasms affecting adults and children. PHTS includes several disorders with shared and distinct clinical features. These are associated with elevated lifetime risk of breast, thyroid, endometrial, colorectal, and renal cancers as well as melanoma. Thyroid cancer represents the predominant cancer risk under age 20 years...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603472/endometrial-cancer-in-a-woman-undergoing-hysteroscopy-for-recurrent-ivf-failure
#16
Pietro Gambadauro, Johannes Gudmundsson
BACKGROUND: Hysteroscopy, despite being the undisputed gold standard for the examination of the uterine cavity, is controversial as a routine procedure in infertile women. However, benign intrauterine conditions are common in women suffering repeated in vitro fertilization (IVF) failure, and growing evidence suggests a unique diagnostic and therapeutic role for hysteroscopy. Endometrial malignancy, on the contrary, is unreported by large published series of women with repeated IVF failures undergoing hysteroscopy, and its impact on fertility, for obvious reasons, has not been studied...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599884/comparing-single-site-and-multiport-robotic-hysterectomy-with-sentinel-lymph-node-mapping-for-endometrial-cancer-surgical-outcomes-and-cost-analysis
#17
Lea A Moukarzel, Abdulrahman K Sinno, Amanda N Fader, Edward J Tanner
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare operative times, surgical outcomes, and costs of robotic laparo-endoscopic single-site (R-LESS) versus multiport robotic (MPR) total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for low risk endometrial cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force Classification Level II-2) SETTING: Academic university hospital PATIENTS: Patients with biopsy proven diagnosis of complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH) or low grade (1 or 2) endometrial cancer with body mass index less than 30 kg/m(2) and a undergoing robotic TLH and SLN mapping between 2012 and 2016 were included...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596011/emmenagogue-properties-of-milicia-excelsa-welw-c-c-berg-moraceae-based-at-least-in-part-on-its-ability-to-correlate-the-activity-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-axis-to-that-of-the-ovaries
#18
Marie Alfrede Mvondo, Aude Jaelle Touomo Sakock, Sylvin Benjamin Ateba, Charline Florence Awounfack, Telesphore Nanbo Gueyo, Dieudonné Njamen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C. Berg (Moraceae) is a medicinal plant recommended over tropical Africa as a cure for several ailments including amenorrhea. This is the hallmark of an ovarian lesion or a dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis which may lead to infertility, osteoporosis or endometrial cancer. However, regardless these traditional claims, no scientific report dealing with emmenagogue properties has been reported yet. AIM OF THE STUDY: To bring scientific evidence to the curative action of the plant, we proposed evaluating the effects of a root aqueous extract of Milicia excelsa on female Wistar rat sexual maturation...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594645/novel-imaging-techniques-in-gynaecological-cancer
#19
Vincent Vandecaveye, Raphaëla Dresen, Frederik De Keyzer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the added value of novel functional MRI techniques towards detection, staging, characterization, response monitoring and prognostication in gynaecological cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Functional MRI including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-MRI and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI adds structural, hemodynamic and physiological information to anatomical MRI. In endometrial and cervical cancer, the addition of DWI-MRI and DCE-MRI improves tumour detection as well as staging of uterine and extra-uterine pelvic spread...
June 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593776/-ultrasound-staging-of-stage-i-ii-endometrial-cancer-analysis-of-own-file-in-the-years-2012-2016
#20
O Míka, J Kožnarová, P Sak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound staging of early stage endometrial cancer depending on grading, evaluation of ultrasound examination accuracy growing overtime with gained experience of examiners and comparison of subjective versus objective modalities of deep myometrial invasion assessment in the file of patients who were referred in The Oncogyneacologic Center, Department of Gyneacology and Obstetrics in České Budějovice. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
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