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sleep obesity in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904026/inverse-relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-in-children
#1
Noriteru Morita, Isao Kambayashi, Tomoyasu Okuda, Shiro Oda, Shingo Takada, Toshihiro Nakajima, Noriyuki Shide, Hisashi Shinkaiya, Koichi Okita
AIM: Poor sleep has been shown to be associated with the development of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, in both adults and children. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and arterial stiffness indices in Japanese children and early adolescents. METHODS: The data on 102 students (56 males, 46 females; mean age, 11.9±1.8 years) were analyzed. As non-invasive arterial stiffness parameters, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and heart-ankle pulse wave velocity (haPWV) were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890604/gender-dimorphism-in-pediatric-osa-is-it-for-real
#2
REVIEW
Pablo E Brockmann, Dorit Koren, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, David Gozal
In epidemiologic studies focused on adults, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has higher prevalence in men than in women. The evidence supporting a gender-related discrepant prevalence of OSA is however much more tenuous in children. Here, we aimed to review the evidence concerning gender- based differences in the prevalence of OSA in children, and if so, to examine the evidence with the intent to identify potential factors that may account for this putative association. Gender-based perception and reporting of clinical manifestations of OSA may be modulated by several social and cultural factors in children...
November 23, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830581/erratum-to-internet-addiction-sleep-and-health-related-life-quality-among-obese-individuals-a-comparison-study-of-the-growing-problems-in-adolescent-health
#3
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816422/is-sleep-education-an-effective-tool-for-sleep-improvement-and-minimizing-metabolic-disturbance-and-obesity-in-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Teresa Arora, Shahrad Taheri
The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased significantly in recent years. Obesity is associated with a range of adverse physiological, psychological and social outcomes and places a huge economical burden on healthcare systems around the world. Insufficient sleep duration is common in adolescents and exacerbated by contemporary lifestyles, but may be a contributor to obesity onset and metabolic disruption. We briefly review the current evidence surrounding the associations between sleep and obesity as well as diabetes...
August 30, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769209/study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-family-based-behavioral-treatment-of-childhood-and-adolescent-obesity-the-fabo-study
#5
Hanna F Skjåkødegård, Yngvild S Danielsen, Mette Morken, Sara-Rebekka F Linde, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, Pétur B Júlíusson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the FABO-study is to evaluate the effect of family-based behavioral social facilitation treatment (FBSFT), designed to target children's family and social support networks to enhance weight loss outcomes, compared to the standard treatment (treatment as usual, TAU) given to children and adolescents with obesity in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which families (n = 120) are recruited from the children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years) referred to the Obesity Outpatient Clinic (OOC), Haukeland University Hospital, Norway...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757931/internet-addiction-sleep-and-health-related-life-quality-among-obese-individuals-a-comparison-study-of-the-growing-problems-in-adolescent-health
#6
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in the global prevalence of obesity suggests that environmental factors may be responsible. The increased use of technology is associated with increased rates of obesity due to declines in physical activity and significant sedentary life style. Internet addiction is also a growing health issue associated with diminished physical activity and poor sleep quality as well as various health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine associations between Internet addiction and adolescent obesity-related problems...
October 18, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720196/early-improvement-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-increase-in-orexin-levels-after-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#7
Raouf Amin, Narong Simakajornboon, Rhonda Szczesniak, Thomas Inge
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) associated with obesity is known to improve after bariatric surgery, but little is known about early changes in this condition after surgery. OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical course of OSA after bariatric surgery SETTING: Children's hospital in the United States METHODS: Adolescents and young adults with obstructive sleep apnea undergoing vertical sleeve gastrectomy (n = 6) or gastric bypass (n = 1) were enrolled in this prospective study...
May 30, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715325/social-jet-lag-chronotype-and-body-mass-index-in-14-17-year-old-adolescents
#8
Susan Kohl Malone, Babette Zemel, Charlene Compher, Margaret Souders, Jesse Chittams, Aleda Leis Thompson, Allan Pack, Terri H Lipman
The relationship between sleep duration and obesity in adolescents is inconclusive. This may stem from a more complex relationship between sleep and obesity than previously considered. Shifts toward evening preferences, later sleep-wake times and irregular sleep-wake patterns are typical during adolescence but their relationship to body mass index (BMI) has been relatively unexplored. This cross-sectional study examined associations between sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and social jet lag (estimated from 7 days of continuous actigraphy monitoring), and morningness/eveningness with BMIs (BMI z-scores) and waist-to-height ratios in 14-17-year-old adolescents...
August 11, 2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707447/consensus-statement-of-the-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-on-the-recommended-amount-of-sleep-for-healthy-children-methodology-and-discussion
#9
Shalini Paruthi, Lee J Brooks, Carolyn D'Ambrosio, Wendy A Hall, Suresh Kotagal, Robin M Lloyd, Beth A Malow, Kiran Maski, Cynthia Nichols, Stuart F Quan, Carol L Rosen, Matthew M Troester, Merrill S Wise
ABSTRACT: Members of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine developed consensus recommendations for the amount of sleep needed to promote optimal health in children and adolescents using a modified RAND Appropriateness Method. After review of 864 published articles, the following sleep durations are recommended: Infants 4 months to 12 months should sleep 12 to 16 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health. Children 1 to 2 years of age should sleep 11 to 14 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697327/the-benefit-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-obese-adolescents-on-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-hepatic-fibrosis
#10
Melania Manco, Antonella Mosca, Francesco De Peppo, Romina Caccamo, Renato Cutrera, Ugo Giordano, Cristiano De Stefanis, Anna Alisi, Ulrich Baumann, Gianfranco Silecchia, Valerio Nobili
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether bariatric surgery is effective for the treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in adolescence, we compared the efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) with that of lifestyle intervention (nonsurgical weight loss [NSWL]) for NASH reversal in obese adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Obese (body mass index ≥ 35 kg/m(2)) adolescents (13-17 years of age) with biopsy-proven NAFLD underwent LSG, lifestyle intervention plus intragastric weight loss devices (IGWLD), or only NSWL...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669980/lack-of-sleep-as-a-contributor-to-obesity-in-adolescents-impacts-on-eating-and-activity-behaviors
#11
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Caroline Dutil
BACKGROUND: Sleep is an important contributor to physical and mental health; however, chronic sleep deprivation has become common in adolescents, especially on weekdays. Adolescents aged 14-17 years are recommended to sleep between 8 and 10 h per night to maximize overall health and well-being. Although sleep needs may vary between individuals, sleep duration recommendations are important for surveillance and help inform policies, interventions, and the population of healthy sleep behaviors...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666468/determination-of-restless-legs-syndrome-prevalence-in-children-aged-13-16years-in-the-provincial-center-of-kayseri
#12
Huseyin Per, Neslihan Gunay, Sevda Ismailogullari, Didem Behice Oztop, Osman Gunay
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and associated factors in adolescents aged 13-16years in the provincial center of Kayseri. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample included 5720 adolescents who were selected from among 74,421 grade 7-10 students aged 13-16years in the provincial center of Kayseri. Overall, datas from 4792 subjects were included into analysis. Data were collected by using a self reported questionnaire and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
September 22, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651112/inflammation-mediates-the-association-between-visceral-adiposity-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-adolescents
#13
Jordan Gaines, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Susan L Calhoun, Fan He, Duanping Liao, Marjorie D Sawyer, Edward O Bixler
Only a handful of studies, primarily in clinical samples, have reported an association between obesity, inflammation, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children and adolescents. No studies, however, have examined the pathogenetic link between visceral adiposity, systemic inflammation, and incident OSA in a large general population sample using objective measures of sleep and body fat. Adolescents (n = 392; mean age 17.0 ± 2.2 yr, 54.0% male) from the Penn State Child Cohort (PSCC) underwent 9-h overnight polysomnography; a DXA scan to assess body fat distribution; and a single fasting blood draw for the assessment of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-6 soluble receptor (IL-6 sR), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), tumor necrosis factor receptor 1A (TNFR1), C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, and adiponectin levels via ELISA...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629938/osa-screening-with-the-pediatric-sleep-questionnaire-for-adolescents-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-in-teen-labs
#14
Stacey Ishman, Christine Heubi, Todd Jenkins, Marc Michalsky, Narong Simakajornboon, Thomas Inge
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is reported in 70% of adolescents who present for bariatric surgery. The Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) was developed to identify children at risk for OSA but is not validated in adolescents with obesity. The aims of this study were: (1) to assess validity of the PSQ to detect OSA and (2) to determine the correlation between anthropometric and polysomnography measurements. METHODS: A cross-sectional assessment of Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery participants at high risk for OSA was performed...
November 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579611/school-start-time-influences-melatonin-and-cortisol-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-a-community-based-study
#15
Alicia Carissimi, Alessandra Castro Martins, Fabiane Dresch, Lilian Corrêa da Silva, Cristian Patrick Zeni, Maria Paz Hidalgo
School start time influences sleep parameters. Differences between circadian sleep parameters on weekends and weekdays have been associated with obesity, sleep, and psychiatric disorders. Moreover, circadian rhythm dysregulation affects the secretion of some hormones, such as melatonin and cortisol. In the current study, we investigate the effect of school start time on cortisol and melatonin levels in a community sample of Brazilian children and adolescents. This was a cross-sectional study of 454 students (mean age, 12...
2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571858/determinants-of-childhood-obesity-anibes-study
#16
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo
Obesity is a major public health problem, which is associated with physical, psychological and social problems. The prevalence in children and adolescents has increased dramatically in developed countries and economies in transition in recent decades. It is more common in population groups with lower educational and socioeconomic status. The increase has been attributed to changes in eating habits, with higher consumption of highly processed energy dense foods and low consumption of fruits and vegetables. It has also been associated with low levels of physical activities and with sedentary lifestyles...
July 12, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556114/prevalence-and-consequences-of-insomnia-in-pediatric-population
#17
REVIEW
Magda Kaczor, Michał Skalski
Insomnia presents an increasing and significant health issue in paediatric population. As the problem had grown over past decade, it became recognised by the specialists dealing with children and adolescents. In a recent study American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry members were asked about their experience with patients complaining about sleep disturbances. Doctors reported that sleep was a problem for 1/3 of their patients out of which 1/4 required pharmacotherapy [1]. Multiple studies concerning adults confirmed significance of healthy sleep in optimal cognitive, emotional, social and biological functioning...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544835/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-nocturnal-hypoxemia-in-young-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#18
P L Whitesell, O Owoyemi, P Oneal, M Nouraie, E S Klings, A Rock, T A Mellman, T Berihun, J Lavella, R E Taylor, S P Perrine
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is reported in up to 69% of adolescents and children with sickle cell disease (SCD) [1], but data regarding the prevalence of SDB in adults with SCD are limited. In order to obtain a preliminary assessment of the frequency and degree of sleep-related hypoxemia and potential associations with cardiovascular function in adults with SCD, we conducted overnight sleep studies, 6-min walk tests, echocardiograms, and hematologic and chemistry panels, calculated the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), and conducted fatigue- and health-related quality-of-life measurement in 20 young adults with SCD visiting a sickle cell clinic for routine care...
June 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503232/the-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-in-adolescents
#19
Carole L Marcus, Brendan T Keenan, Jingtao Huang, Haibo Yuan, Swaroop Pinto, Ruth M Bradford, Christopher Kim, Sheila Bagchi, Francois-Louis Comyn, Stephen Wang, Ignacio E Tapia, Greg Maislin, Christopher M Cielo, Joel Traylor, Drew A Torigian, Richard J Schwab
BACKGROUND: The obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) results from a combination of structural and neuromotor factors; however, the relative contributions of these factors have not been studied during the important developmental phase of adolescence. We hypothesised that adenotonsillar volume (ATV), nasopharyngeal airway volume (NPAV), upper airway critical closing pressure (Pcrit) in the hypotonic and activated neuromotor states, upper airway electromyographic response to subatmospheric pressure and the ventilatory response to CO2 during sleep would be major predictors of OSAS risk...
August 8, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501738/nocturnal-hypoxia-induced-oxidative-stress-promotes-progression-of-pediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Shikha S Sundaram, Ann Halbower, Zhaoxing Pan, Kristen Robbins, Kelley E Capocelli, Jelena Klawitter, Colin T Shearn, Ronald J Sokol
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oxidative stress is proposed as a central mediator in NAFLD pathogenesis, but the specific trigger for reactive oxygen species generation has not been clearly delineated. In addition, emerging evidence shows that obesity related obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and nocturnal hypoxia are associated with NAFLD progression in adults. The aim of this study was to determine if OSA/nocturnal hypoxia-induced oxidative stress promotes the progression of pediatric NAFLD. METHODS: Subjects with biopsy proven NAFLD and lean controls were studied...
September 2016: Journal of Hepatology
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