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sleep obesity in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773212/associations-between-rev-erb%C3%AE-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-in-european-adolescents
#1
Marcus Vinicius Nascimento Ferreira, Louisa Goumidi, Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho, Augusto César F De Moraes, Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Anthony Kafatos, Denes Molnar, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Stefaan De Henauw, Angel Gutierrez, Laura Censi, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Frederic Gottrand, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Aline Meirhaeghe, Luis A Moreno
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Although the REV-ERBα is considered an important regulator of both clock function and metabolism, its relationship with sleep duration and obesity is less clear. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the REV-ERBα clock gene and two outcomes - sleep duration and body mass index (BMI) - in European adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 831 adolescents (392 boys) aged 11.5-18.8 years from 10 European centers was used...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762538/insufficient-sleep-duration-and-overweight-obesity-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-population
#2
Qing-Hai Gong, Si-Xuan Li, Hui Li, Jun Cui, Guo-Zhang Xu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and overweight/obesity among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Chinese adolescents in 2016. In total, 2795 school-aged Chinese children aged 12 to 13 years participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete self-administered surveys during a 45-min class period in their classroom. Details of the questionnaire about health-related behaviors included sleep habits, physical activity, screen time, cigarette use, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752170/treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-improves-the-severity-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children
#3
Shikha S Sundaram, Ann C Halbower, Jelena Klawitter, Zhaoxing Pan, Kristen Robbins, Kelley E Capocelli, Ronald J Sokol
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of treating obstructive sleep apnea/nocturnal hypoxia on pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity and oxidative stress. STUDY DESIGN: Biopsy proven participants (n = 9) with NAFLD and obstructive sleep apnea/hypoxia were studied before and after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for sleep disordered breathing, including laboratory testing and markers of oxidative stress, urine F(2)-isoprostanes...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717377/a-systematic-review-of-sleep-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Aaron D Fobian, Lindsey Elliott, Tinnie Louie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many of the risk factors for heart disease have recently been shown to develop during childhood such as left ventricular hypertrophy and fibrous plaque lesions. As risk for cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents has risen, sleep duration has decreased, and inadequate sleep in children and adolescents has been found to be associated with cardiovascular disease risk. The aims of this manuscript are to provide an updated systematic review of the literature assessing sleep, hypertension, and cardiovascular risk and evaluate the strength of the evidence based on the available research...
May 1, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709336/short-term-metabolic-control-and-sleep-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Martina Kostkova, Peter Durdik, Miriam Ciljakova, Jarmila Vojtkova, Anna Sujanska, Katarina Pozorciakova, Zuzana Snahnicanova, Maria Jancinova, Peter Banovcin
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine sleep in T1D children and in healthy controls by polysomnographic (PSG) examination and to determine the influence of short-term metabolic compensation on sleep quality and sleep disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: The prospective cross-sectional study included 44 T1D subjects and 60 healthy controls, aged 10-19 years. Subjects underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory testing and standard overnight in-laboratory video polysomnography with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673929/sleep-disorders-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-insights-into-types-relationship-to-obesity-and-high-altitude-and-possible-lines-of-management
#6
REVIEW
Ahmed M Kabel, Amani M Al Thumali, Khayriah A Aldowiala, Raghad D Habib, Shoroq S Aljuaid, Huda A Alharthi
A sleep disorder is a medical disorder of the sleep pattern of a person that may be serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of causes, from teeth grinding to night terrors. Sleep disorders are usually prevalent among adolescents and young adults, possibly due to factors related to life style, dietary habits, hormonal and emotional disturbances. Other factors that may precipitate sleep disorders include environmental, psychological and genetic factors...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#7
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664932/obesity-and-unhealthy-lifestyle-associated-with-poor-executive-function-among-malaysian-adolescents
#8
Joyce Ying Hui Tee, Wan Ying Gan, Kit-Aun Tan, Yit Siew Chin
The understanding on the roles of obesity and lifestyle behaviors in predicting executive function of adolescents has been limited. Low executive function proficiency may have adverse effects on adolescents' school academic performance. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between BMI-for-age and multiple lifestyle behaviors (operationalized as meal consumption, physical activity, and sleep quality) with executive function (operationalized as inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) on a sample of Malaysian adolescents aged between 12 and 16 years (N = 513)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650509/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-clustering-in-children-and-adolescents-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Young-Gyun Seo, Min-Kyu Choi, Jae-Heon Kang, Hye-Ja Lee, Han Byul Jang, Sang Ick Park, Young Soo Ju, Kyung Hee Park
OBJECTIVE: The early identification of predictors related to cardiovascular disease risk factor clustering (CVD-RFC) can help prevent chronic disease. We aimed to identify the risk factors for CVD-RFC in adolescents. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study design was used to obtain data included in these analyses from school-aged children who participated in the Korean Child-Adolescent Study 2008-2014. A total of 1309 children aged 6-15 years were enrolled...
April 12, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603040/screening-for-childhood-adversity-the-what-and-when-of-identifying-individuals-at-risk-for-lifespan-health-disparities
#10
Kate Ryan Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Julienne E Bower, Judith E Carroll
Existing research on childhood adversity and health risk across the lifespan lacks specificity regarding which types of exposures to assess and when. The purpose of this study was to contribute to an empirically-supported framework to guide practitioners interested in identifying youth who may be at greatest risk for a lifelong trajectory of health disparities. We also sought to identify the point in childhood at which screening for adversity exposure would capture the largest group of at risk individuals for triage to prevention and intervention services...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555128/sleep-problems-in-adolescence-and-overweight-obesity-in-young-adults-is-there-a-causal-link
#11
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore if there is a causal association between adolescence sleep problems and overweight/obesity (Ow/Ob) in young adults. METHODS: Youth self-reports were used to explore if adolescence (mean age 13.90 years, SD ±0.32) sleep problems lead to general Ow/Ob, computed from body mass index (n = 1075), or abdominal Ow/Ob, computed from waist circumference and waist to height ratio (n = 1179), in young adults (mean age 20.65 years, SD±0...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543749/the-relationship-between-obesity-sleep-and-physical-activity-in-chinese-preschool-children
#12
Meimei Ji, Amber Tang, Yefu Zhang, Jiaojiao Zou, Guangyu Zhou, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Jihua Chen, Hong Qin, Qian Lin
BACKGROUND: Pediatric overweight and obesity has become a major public health problem in China. The goal of this study is to understand overweight and obesity in preschool children in Changsha City in the context of their sleep and physical activity. These results offer feasible proposals to reduce levels of overweight and obesity among preschool children. METHODS: A total of 112 preschoolers aged three to six years old were investigated using multiple stage stratified cluster sampling and simple random sampling...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526815/weight-loss-trajectories-and-adverse-childhood-experience-among-obese-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#13
Dana L Rofey, Nermeen E El Nokali, Lovie J Jackson Foster, Emily Seiler, Heather L McCauley, Elizabeth Miller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of childhood trauma and family history of psychiatric illness on weight loss trajectories of obese, female adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: PCOS and adolescent medicine outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were, on average, 15.8 years of age, 80% Caucasian (39/49 participants), and had a body mass index of 36.8 ± 8...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522445/some-socioeconomic-factors-and-lifestyle-habits-influencing-the-prevalence-of-obesity-among-adolescent-male-students-in-the-hail-region-of-saudi-arabia
#14
Awfa Y Alazzeh, Eyad M AlShammari, Majdi M Smadi, Firas S Azzeh, Bandar T AlShammari, Suneetha Epuru, Shahidah Banu, Rafia Bano, Shadi Sulaiman, Jerold C Alcantara, Syed A Ashraf, Samir Qiblawi
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effect of some socioeconomic factors and lifestyle habits on the prevalence of obesity among adolescent male students in the Hail region, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was filled by 1495 male adolescents distributed among 12 schools in the Hail region. Body weight and height were taken, and the Z -score of students was measured using Anthroplus software with a cutoff 1-2 and +2 standard deviations to determine overweight and obesity, respectively. The study revealed that 21...
March 9, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522206/in-field-assessment-of-sodium-oxybate-effect-in-pediatric-type-1-narcolepsy-an-actigraphic-study
#15
Marco Filardi, Fabio Pizza, Elena Antelmi, Raffaele Ferri, Vincenzo Natale, Giuseppe Plazzi
Study Objectives: Sodium oxybate (SXB) is a GABAergic agent widely used as off-label treatment in pediatric type 1 narcolepsy (NT1). Here we aimed at analyzing by wrist actigraphy the sleep/wake profile of NT1 children and adolescents in drug-naïve condition and after 1 year of SXB treatment. As secondary aim, we investigated changes on sleepiness, cataplexy and children's anthropometric profile after 1 year of SXB treatment. Methods: Twenty-four drug-naïve NT1 children underwent seven days of actigraphy during the school week...
March 7, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518206/the-science-of-obesity-management-an-endocrine-society-scientific-statement
#16
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
April 1, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512449/sodium-oxybate-treatment-in-pediatric-type-1-narcolepsy
#17
Monica Moresco, Fabio Pizza, Elena Antelmi, Giuseppe Plazzi
Narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) is a rare chronic neurologic disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, hallucinations and disrupted nocturnal sleep, usually with onset during childhood/adolescence. Pediatric NT1 is associated with limitations on children's activities and achievements, especially poor performance at school, difficulty with peers due to disease symptoms and comorbidities including depression, obesity, and precocious puberty. NT1 disease is caused by the selective loss of hypocretin-producing neurons in the lateral hypothalamus, most probably related to an autoimmune pathophysiology...
March 5, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502877/clinical-predictors-of-residual-sleep-apnea-after-weight-loss-therapy-in-obese-adolescents
#18
Annelies Van Eyck, Ann De Guchtenaere, Luc Van Gaal, Wilfried De Backer, Stijn L Verhulst, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical factors that could predict residual sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) after weight loss. STUDY DESIGN: Obese subjects between 10 and 19 years of age were recruited while entering an in-patient weight loss treatment program. All subjects underwent anthropometry and sleep screening using a portable device at baseline and after 4-6 months of therapy. Sleep and International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaires were completed at baseline...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502302/sleep-duration-body-composition-dietary-profile-and-eating-behaviours-among-children-and-adolescents-a-comparison-between-portuguese-acrobatic-gymnasts
#19
Maria-Raquel G Silva, Hugo-Henrique Silva, Teresa Paiva
Sleep, body composition and dietary intake are crucial for athletes' health and performance but have never been investigated in acrobatic gymnasts. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate sleep, body composition, dietary intake and eating behaviours of acrobatic gymnasts. Using a cross-sectional study, 82 Portuguese acrobatic gymnasts (12.8 ± 3.1 years, 61 females and 21 males) were evaluated during the competitive period to collect training data, sleep duration, body composition, dietary intake and eating behaviours before, during and after practices...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499467/adverse-physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-screen-time-on-children-and-adolescents-literature-review-and-case-study
#20
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
July 2018: Environmental Research
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