keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Personality types

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245081/safety-in-stigmatizing-instrumental-stigma-beliefs-and-protective-sexual-behavior-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
David A Cort, Hsin Fei Tu
How are people's expression of HIV stigma beliefs connected to their own personal decisions concerning safe sexual practices? Does this relationship vary across countries and by the national context in which people reside? To answer these questions, we develop and test individual, contextual, and cross-level interactional hypotheses of the impact of instrumental HIV stigma attitudes on several measures of protective sexual behavior. Using Demographic and Health Survey data from 467,656 unpartnered individuals across 34 sub-Saharan African countries, we first find that counterintuitively, conservative HIV stigma attitudes are associated with lower likelihoods of participating in all types of protective sexual behaviors...
December 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244264/personality-traits-and-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-medication-overuse-headache-versus-episodic-migraine
#2
Nima Mohseni, Mansooreh Togha, Seyed Masoud Arzaghi, Sepideh Nekooie, Mehrnaz Fallah Tafti, Farzad Fatehi
Objective: An episodic migraine (EM) may lead to medication-overuse headache (MOH), an abnormal behavioral pattern of noncompliance. Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and disorders caused by psychoactive substances other than analgesics all have been reported with MOH at higher rates than with EM. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationships between personality traits and anxiety and depressive disorders and headache type. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 55 patients with EM and 50 patients with MOH were recruited from were recruited from 2 university hospital clinics in Tehran, Iran, from January 2013 to November 2015...
December 14, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243114/effect-of-cytochrome-p450-2c19-polymorphism-on-adverse-cardiovascular-events-after-drug-eluting-stent-implantation-in-a-large-hakka-population-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-receiving-clopidogrel-in-southern-china
#3
Zhixiong Zhong, Jingyuan Hou, Qifeng Zhang, Bin Li, Cunren Li, Zhidong Liu, Min Yang, Wei Zhong, Xuebo He, Hesen Wu, Miaocai Zhong, Pingsen Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphism on adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in Hakka patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receiving clopidogrel who had undergone coronary drug-eluting stent placement after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in southern China. METHODS: Genotyping of CYP2C19 and MACE of 934 ACS patients with PCI on clopidogrel maintenance therapy were analyzed...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242985/increasing-risk-of-psychiatric-morbidity-after-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Daniel Dybdal, Janne S Tolstrup, Stine M Sildorf, Kirsten A Boisen, Jannet Svensson, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Grete K Teilmann
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric morbidity following childhood onset of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a matched, population-based cohort study based on Danish national registers, we identified children and adolescents who had been diagnosed as an in- or outpatient with type 1 diabetes before the age of 18, and afterwards diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder (n = 5084). Control individuals were matched according to sex and date of birth (n = 35,588)...
December 14, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242807/parents-and-child-s-concussion-history-as-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-concussion-recognition-and-response
#5
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Cassie B Ford, Richelle M Williams, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Background: Parents' knowledge of and attitudes toward concussions are often vital factors that affect care for injured adolescent athletes. It is important to understand the role that parents' personal experiences with concussions play with regard to current concussion knowledge and attitudes so that clinicians may tailor their educational approaches. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine an association between parents' personal experiences and their child's experiences with concussions as well as parental concussion knowledge and attitudes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242282/patient-reported-comorbidity-and-survival-in-older-adults-with-cancer
#6
Grant R Williams, Allison M Deal, Jennifer L Lund, YunKyung Chang, Hyman B Muss, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Emily J Guerard, Shlomit Strulov Shachar, Yue Wang, Kelly Kenzik, Hanna K Sanoff
BACKGROUND: Our ability to optimize the care of older adults with cancer and comorbid illnesses is insufficient because most clinical trials lack systematic measurement. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between patient-reported comorbidity and all-cause mortality using various comorbidity scoring algorithms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Carolina Senior Registry was linked with the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry to obtain mortality data...
December 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241887/basal-insulin-regimens-for-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cost-utility-analysis
#7
Dalia Dawoud, Elisabetta Fenu, Bernard Higgins, David Wonderling, Stephanie A Amiel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of basal insulin regimens for adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus in England. METHODS: A cost-utility analysis was conducted in accordance with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence reference case. The UK National Health Service and personal and social services perspective was used and a 3.5% discount rate was applied for both costs and outcomes. Relative effectiveness estimates were based on a systematic review of published trials and a Bayesian network meta-analysis...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241886/pcsk9-inhibitors-show-value-for-patients-and-the-us-health-care-system
#8
Wei-Han Cheng, Étienne Gaudette, Dana P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as cholesterol-lowering therapies for patients with familial hypercholesterolemia or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the long-term health and economic value of PCSK9 inhibitors for Americans (51 years and older). METHODS: We conducted simulations using the Future Elderly Model, an established dynamic microsimulation model to project the lifetime outcomes for the US population aged 51 years and older...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241884/the-use-of-decomposition-methods-in-real-world-treatment-benefits-evaluation-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-initiating-different-injectable-therapies-findings-from-the-initiator-study
#9
Lee Brekke, Erin Buysman, Michael Grabner, Xuehua Ke, Lin Xie, Onur Baser, Wenhui Wei
BACKGROUND: Determining characteristics of patients likely to benefit from a particular treatment could help physicians set personalized targets. OBJECTIVES: To use decomposition methodology on real-world data to identify the relative contributions of treatment effects and patients' baseline characteristics. METHODS: Decomposition analyses were performed on data from the Initiation of New Injectable Treatment Introduced after Antidiabetic Therapy with Oral-only Regimens (INITIATOR) study, a real-world study of patients with type 2 diabetes started on insulin glargine (GLA) or liraglutide (LIRA)...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241554/primary-patient-derived-cancer-cells-and-their-potential-for-personalized-cancer-patient-care
#10
David P Kodack, Anna F Farago, Anahita Dastur, Matthew A Held, Leila Dardaei, Luc Friboulet, Friedrich von Flotow, Leah J Damon, Dana Lee, Melissa Parks, Richard Dicecca, Max Greenberg, Krystina E Kattermann, Amanda K Riley, Florian J Fintelmann, Coleen Rizzo, Zofia Piotrowska, Alice T Shaw, Justin F Gainor, Lecia V Sequist, Matthew J Niederst, Jeffrey A Engelman, Cyril H Benes
Personalized cancer therapy is based on a patient's tumor lineage, histopathology, expression analyses, and/or tumor DNA or RNA analysis. Here, we aim to develop an in vitro functional assay of a patient's living cancer cells that could complement these approaches. We present methods for developing cell cultures from tumor biopsies and identify the types of samples and culture conditions associated with higher efficiency of model establishment. Toward the application of patient-derived cell cultures for personalized care, we established an immunofluorescence-based functional assay that quantifies cancer cell responses to targeted therapy in mixed cell cultures...
December 12, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241502/recruitment-and-retention-of-a-challenging-population-lessons-learned-and-design-implications
#11
Denise Soltow Hershey, Sarah L Hession
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is share the lessons learned from recruiting and retaining adults with type 2 diabetes and solid tumor cancer into a longitudinal study exploring the relationship among chemotherapy, glycemic control, and symptoms. DESIGN/METHODS: Twelve-week longitudinal study, recruited thirty-four adults 21years or older with pre-existing type 2 diabetes and a solid tumor cancer, from three community based cancer centers who were eligible to receive outpatient chemotherapy...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241359/antidepressant-outcomes-predicted-by-genetic-variation-in-corticotropin-releasing-hormone-binding-protein
#12
Chloe P O'Connell, Andrea N Goldstein-Piekarski, Charles B Nemeroff, Alan F Schatzberg, Charles Debattista, Tania Carrillo-Roa, Elisabeth B Binder, Boadie W Dunlop, W Edward Craighead, Helen S Mayberg, Leanne M Williams
OBJECTIVE: Genetic variation within the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been linked to risk for depression and antidepressant response. However, these associations have yet to produce clinical gains that inform treatment decisions. The authors investigated whether variation within HPA axis genes predicts antidepressant outcomes within two large clinical trials. METHOD: The test sample comprised 636 patients from the International Study to Predict Optimized Treatment in Depression (iSPOT-D) who completed baseline and 8-week follow-up visits and for whom complete genotyping data were available...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240855/lawrence-transfer-factor-transference-of-specifc-immune-memory-by-dialyzable-leukocyte-extract-from-a-cd8-t-cell-line
#13
Jason F Wang, Andrew J Park, Tina Rendini, William R Levis
<p>Lawrence transfer factor (TF) is defned as dialyzable leukocyte extract (DLE) that can transfer antigen-specifc cell-mediated immunity from a person testing positive for the antigen in a delayed type hypersensitivity skin test manner to a person negative for the same antigen.</p> <p>A recent article by Myles et al1 has identifed a DLE isolated from an established CD8+ T cell line capable of transferring antigen-specifc immunity. The DLE contains a portion of the beta chain of the T cell receptor and additional nucleotide and protein factors that are being subjected to further modern biochemical analysis...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240798/the-cost-of-comorbidities-in-treatment-for-hiv-aids-in-california
#14
David S Zingmond, Kodi B Arfer, Jennifer L Gildner, Arleen A Leibowitz
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy has increased longevity for people living with HIV (PLWH). As a result, PLWH increasingly experience the common diseases of aging and the resources needed to manage these comorbidities are increasing. This paper characterizes the number and types of comorbidities diagnosed among PLWH covered by Medicare and examines how non-HIV comorbidities relate to outpatient, inpatient, and pharmaceutical expenditures. METHODS: The study examined Medicare expenditures for 9767 HIV-positive Californians enrolled in Medicare in 2010 (7208 persons dually covered by Medicare and Medicaid and 2559 with Medicare only)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240700/high-speed-video-system-for-micro-expression-detection-and-recognition
#15
Diana Borza, Radu Danescu, Razvan Itu, Adrian Darabant
Micro-expressions play an essential part in understanding non-verbal communication and deceit detection. They are involuntary, brief facial movements that are shown when a person is trying to conceal something. Automatic analysis of micro-expression is challenging due to their low amplitude and to their short duration (they occur as fast as 1/15 to 1/25 of a second). We propose a fully micro-expression analysis system consisting of a high-speed image acquisition setup and a software framework which can detect the frames when the micro-expressions occurred as well as determine the type of the emerged expression...
December 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240655/evaluation-of-a-person-centered-theory-based-intervention-to-promote-health-behaviors
#16
Chiraporn Worawong, Mary Jo Borden, Karen M Cooper, Oscar A Pérez, Diane Lauver
BACKGROUND: Effective promotion of health behaviors requires strong interventions. Applying person-centered approaches and concepts synthesized from two motivational theories could strengthen the effects of such interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the effect sizes, fidelity, and acceptability of a person-centered, health behavior intervention based on self-regulation and self-determination theories. METHODS: Using a pre- and postintervention design, with a 4-week follow-up, advanced practice registered nurses made six weekly contacts with 52 volunteer participants...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239779/gender-differences-in-residual-effect-of-prior-drop-jumps-on-oxygen-uptake-during-heavy-cycling-exercise
#17
Neringa Baranauskienė, Sandra Kilikevičienė, Loreta Stasiulė, Genuvaitė Civinskienė, Arvydas Stasiulis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed eccentric or eccentric-concentric exercise leaves us stiff and sore the next day and can cause muscle damage. The data about the residual effect of prior eccentric-concentric exercises on oxygen uptake (VO2) during constant cycling exercise in women or the data about differences of such effect between genders are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess differences of the residual effect of PDJ on VO2 during HCE and indirect muscle damage parameters between women and men...
November 1, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239667/the-prevalence-of-radiological-glenohumeral-osteoarthritis-in-long-term-type-1-diabetes-the-dialong-shoulder-study
#18
N G Juel, J I Brox, J C Hellund, K B Holte, T J Berg
OBJECTIVES: This study compares the prevalence of radiological osteoarthritis (OA) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) for > 45 years and controls, and explores the association with shoulder pain and glycaemic burden in patients with DM1. METHOD: The Dialong study is a cross-sectional, observational study with 30 years of historical data on long-term glycaemic control. We included 102 patients with DM1 and 73 diabetes-free controls. Demographic data, worst shoulder pain last week [numeric rating scale (NRS) 0-10], pain on abduction at examination (NRS 0-10), and current and historical glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were collected...
December 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239630/a-meta-analytic-review-of-two-modes-of-learning-and-the-description-experience-gap
#19
Dirk U Wulff, Max Mergenthaler-Canseco, Ralph Hertwig
People can learn about the probabilistic consequences of their actions in two ways: One is by consulting descriptions of an action's consequences and probabilities (e.g., reading up on a medication's side effects). The other is by personally experiencing the probabilistic consequences of an action (e.g., beta testing software). In principle, people taking each route can reach analogous states of knowledge and consequently make analogous decisions. In the last dozen years, however, research has demonstrated systematic discrepancies between description- and experienced-based choices...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239626/maternal-psychological-control-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#20
Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie B Kors, Meredith L Simmons, Jenny Macfie
Linehan (1993) theorized that the experience of invalidating parenting interacts with emotional vulnerability in the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Parental psychological control is a type of invalidating parenting, defined as manipulation by parents of their offspring's psychological and emotional expression and experience (Barber, 1996). In a normative sample of adolescent females, adolescent-reported maternal psychological control was related to maternal borderline symptoms (Zalewski et al...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
keyword
keyword
30652
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"