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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822326/second-malignant-neoplasms-after-childhood-non-central-nervous-system-embryonal-tumours-in-north-america-a%C3%A2-population-based-study
#1
Xuchen Zong, Jason D Pole, Paul E Grundy, Salaheddin M Mahmud, Louise Parker, Rayjean J Hung
BACKGROUND: Few studies in North America have quantified the risks of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) among survivors of childhood non-central nervous system (non-CNS) embryonal tumours due to their rarity. We aimed to investigate these risks by combining population-based data from the United States of America and Canada. METHODS: We evaluated patients with childhood non-CNS embryonal tumours reported to the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results program and eight Canadian cancer registries from 1969 to 2010...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822322/caffeine-s-influence-on-gambling-behavior-and-other-types-of-impulsivity
#2
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a developmental period frequently associated with occurrence of impulsive behaviors including gambling. It is estimated that 73% of children and 87% of adults in the United States regularly use caffeine. Questions remain, however, concerning the role of caffeine in the development and maintenance of impulsive behaviors such as gambling. METHODS: Sixty-one young adults with at least some degree of disordered gambling were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
August 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821519/ten-year-follow-up-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-efficacy-against-the-most-stringent-cervical-neoplasia-end-point-registry-based-follow-up-of-three-cohorts-from-randomized-trials
#3
Matti Lehtinen, Camilla Lagheden, Tapio Luostarinen, Tiina Eriksson, Dan Apter, Katja Harjula, Marjo Kuortti, Kari Natunen, Johanna Palmroth, Tiina Petäjä, Eero Pukkala, Mari Siitari-Mattila, Frank Struyf, Pekka Nieminen, Jorma Paavonen, Gary Dubin, Joakim Dillner
OBJECTIVE: Due to long lag time between infection/cancer diagnoses human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs will deliver vaccine efficacy (VE) estimates against cancer end-points late. Cancer registry follow-up of population-based, randomised trial cohorts of vaccinated and unvaccinated women was undertaken for the estimation of VE against cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade three and invasive cancer (CIN3+). METHODS: We report interim results with 98 561 person years of Finnish Cancer Registry -based follow-up of individually and/or cluster randomised cohorts of HPV-16/18 vaccinated and unvaccinated adolescent women enrolled in June 2003/2005, and between May 2004 and April 2005, respectively...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821468/design-and-development-of-a-stepped-care-behavioral-intervention-to-support-parents-of-young-children-newly-diagnosed-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Marisa E Hilliard, Carrie Tully, Maureen Monaghan, Jichuan Wang, Randi Streisand
One of the most common chronic conditions of childhood, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in young children is increasing. Early childhood development complicates optimal T1D management and glycemic outcomes. Parents are at risk for elevated psychological distress, especially immediately following diagnosis. Few empirically supported interventions are available to support parents and promote optimal T1D management during this vulnerable period. This paper reports on the development and study design of First STEPS: Study of Type 1 in Early childhood and Parenting Support...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820618/college-women-s-responses-to-a-celebrity-health-disclosure
#5
Julia H Drizin, Vanessa L Malcarne, Melody K Schiaffino, Kristen J Wells
Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819720/immunohistochemical-null-phenotype-for-mismatch-repair-proteins-in-colonic-carcinoma-associated-with-concurrent-mlh1-hypermethylation-and-msh2-somatic-mutations
#6
Tao Wang, Zsofia K Stadler, Liying Zhang, Martin R Weiser, Olca Basturk, Jaclyn F Hechtman, Efsevia Vakiani, Lenard B Saltz, David S Klimstra, Jinru Shia
Microsatellite instability, a well-established driver pathway in colorectal carcinogenesis, can develop in both sporadic and hereditary conditions via different molecular alterations in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. MMR protein immunohistochemistry (IHC) is currently widely used for the detection of MMR deficiency in solid tumors. The IHC test, however, can show varied staining patterns, posing challenges in the interpretation of the staining results in some cases. Here we report a case of an 80-year-old female with a colonic adenocarcinoma that exhibited an unusual "null" IHC staining pattern with complete loss of all four MMR proteins (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2)...
August 17, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819351/a-systematic-analysis-of-term-reuse-and-term-overlap-across-biomedical-ontologies
#7
Maulik R Kamdar, Tania Tudorache, Mark A Musen
Reusing ontologies and their terms is a principle and best practice that most ontology development methodologies strongly encourage. Reuse comes with the promise to support the semantic interoperability and to reduce engineering costs. In this paper, we present a descriptive study of the current extent of term reuse and overlap among biomedical ontologies. We use the corpus of biomedical ontologies stored in the BioPortal repository, and analyze different types of reuse and overlap constructs. While we find an approximate term overlap between 25-31%, the term reuse is only <9%, with most ontologies reusing fewer than 5% of their terms from a small set of popular ontologies...
2017: Semantic Web
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818916/a-pathology-atlas-of-the-human-cancer-transcriptome
#8
Mathias Uhlen, Cheng Zhang, Sunjae Lee, Evelina Sjöstedt, Linn Fagerberg, Gholamreza Bidkhori, Rui Benfeitas, Muhammad Arif, Zhengtao Liu, Fredrik Edfors, Kemal Sanli, Kalle von Feilitzen, Per Oksvold, Emma Lundberg, Sophia Hober, Peter Nilsson, Johanna Mattsson, Jochen M Schwenk, Hans Brunnström, Bengt Glimelius, Tobias Sjöblom, Per-Henrik Edqvist, Dijana Djureinovic, Patrick Micke, Cecilia Lindskog, Adil Mardinoglu, Fredrik Ponten
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death, and there is great interest in understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of individual tumors. We used systems-level approaches to analyze the genome-wide transcriptome of the protein-coding genes of 17 major cancer types with respect to clinical outcome. A general pattern emerged: Shorter patient survival was associated with up-regulation of genes involved in cell growth and with down-regulation of genes involved in cellular differentiation...
August 18, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818849/egfr-and-the-risk-of-community-acquired-infections
#9
Hong Xu, Alessandro Gasparini, Junichi Ishigami, Khaled Mzayen, Guobin Su, Peter Barany, Johan Ärnlöv, Bengt Lindholm, Carl Gustaf Elinder, Kunihiro Matsushita, Juan Jesús Carrero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Community-acquired infections are common, contributing to adverse outcomes and increased health care costs. We hypothesized that, with lower eGFR, the incidence of community-acquired infections increases, whereas the pattern of site-specific infections varies. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Among 1,139,470 health care users (mean age =52±18 years old, 53% women) from the Stockholm CREAtinine Measurements Project, we quantified the associations of eGFR with the risk of infections, overall and major types, over 12 months...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818475/oseltamivir-use-and-severe-abnormal-behavior-in-japanese-children-and-adolescents-with-influenza-is-a-self-controlled-case-series-study-applicable
#10
Wakaba Fukushima, Kotaro Ozasa, Akihisa Okumura, Masaaki Mori, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Takashi Nakano, Takuya Tanabe, Naoto Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Suzuki, Mitsuru Mori, Hideaki Hatayama, Hirotaka Ochiai, Kyoko Kondo, Kazuya Ito, Satoko Ohfuji, Yosikazu Nakamura, Yoshio Hirota
OBJECTIVE: Since the 1990s, self-controlled designs including self-controlled case series (SCCS) studies have been occasionally used in post-marketing evaluation of drug or vaccine safety. An SCCS study was tentatively applied to evaluate the relationship between oseltamivir use and abnormal behavior Type A (serious abnormal behavior potentially leading to an accident or harm to another person) in influenza patients. METHODS: From the original prospective cohort study with approximately 10,000 Japanese children and adolescents with influenza (aged <18years), 28 subjects (mean age: 7...
August 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818277/economics-of-self-measured-blood-pressure-monitoring-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Verughese Jacob, Sajal K Chattopadhyay, Krista K Proia, David P Hopkins, Jeffrey Reynolds, Anilkrishna B Thota, Christopher D Jones, Daniel T Lackland, Kimberly J Rask, Nicolaas P Pronk, John M Clymer, Ron Z Goetzel
CONTEXT: The health and economic burden of hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is substantial. This systematic review evaluated the economic evidence of self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring interventions to control hypertension. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The literature search from database inception to March 2015 identified 22 studies for inclusion with three types of interventions: SMBP used alone, SMBP with additional support, and SMBP within team-based care (TBC)...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817783/the-association-between-insurance-type-and-cost-related-delay-in-care-a-survey
#12
Sora Al Rowas, Michael B Rothberg, Benjamin Johnson, Joel Miller, Mohanad AlMahmoud, Jennifer Friderici, Sarah L Goff, Tara Lagu
OBJECTIVES: Massachusetts has insurance rates similar to those projected under the Affordable Care Act, but many of the state's patients are insured through private insurance plans with high out-of-pocket costs. We aimed to explore the relationship between insurance type (private vs public) and delays in care due to cost, stratified by income. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted a study of English-speaking adults recruited from the waiting rooms of the emergency department or outpatient clinics of a large healthcare system in western Massachusetts...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817589/relationship-between-atherosclerosis-and-occlusal-support-of-natural-teeth-with-mediating-effect-of-atheroprotective-nutrients-from-the-sonic-study
#13
Sayaka Tada, Kazunori Ikebe, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Chisato Inomata, Hajime Takeshita, Ken-Ich Matsuda, Masahiro Kitamura, Shinya Murakami, Mai Kabayama, Ryousuke Oguro, Chikako Nakama, Tatsuo Kawai, Koichi Yamamoto, Ken Sugimoto, Ayumi Shintani, Takuma Ishihara, Yasumichi Arai, Yukie Masui, Ryutaro Takahashi, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
Whereas most of studies investigating relationship between oral health and atherosclerosis have focused on periodontitis, very few of them were examined about occlusal status of natural teeth which possibly influence dietary habit. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between the occlusal support of posterior teeth and the prevalence of atherosclerosis in community-dwelling septuagenarians. Also, the second aim was to test the hypothesis that the intake of key nutrients for atherosclerosis prevention would have a mediating effect on the relationship between the occlusal status and atherosclerosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817155/genetic-variation-of-15-autosomal-strs-in-a-population-sample-of-bedouins-residing-in-the-area-of-the-fourth-nile-cataract-sudan
#14
Andrzej Ossowski, Jaroslaw Piatek, Miroslaw Parafiniuk, Aleksandra Pudlo, Witold Pepinski, Malgorzata Skawronska, Michal Szeremeta, Anna Niemcunowicz-Janica, Ireneusz Soltyszewski
The purpose of the paper was to report allelic frequencies of 15 autosomal STR markers (AmpFlSTR NGM PCR Amplification Kit) for Bedouin inhabitants in the area of the Fourth Nile Cataract in Sudan, and compute commonly used population and forensic biostatistical parameters. Buccal swabs were collected from 117 unrelated individuals. DNA was extracted using DNA QIAamp(®) DNA Mini Kit, and quantitated with Quantifiler Human Quantification Kit in a 7500 Real-Time PCR System. Amplification of 15 AmpFlSTR NGM PCR Kit loci was performed in PCR System 9700...
August 17, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816517/targeted-areas-for-improving-health-literacy-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Megan Moore, Taniga Kiatchai, Rajiv C Ayyagari, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To develop a framework to identify targeted areas for improving health literacy for caregivers after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Qualitative study using inductive and deductive qualitative content analysis was conducted in a large, urban, level I trauma centre. Interviews were conducted with 23 caregivers of persons with TBI. Participants' perspectives on communication and preparation for discharge were explored and understanding of commonly used words and discharge instructions were assessed...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815922/the-pregnancy-in-neurofibromatosis-1-a-retrospective-register-based-total-population-study
#16
Jussi Leppävirta, Roope A Kallionpää, Elina Uusitalo, Tero Vahlberg, Minna Pöyhönen, Susanna Timonen, Juha Peltonen, Sirkku Peltonen
The objective of this retrospective total population study was to form a view of the pregnancies of the patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). A cohort of 1,410 Finnish patients with NF1 was acquired by searching NF1-related inpatient and outpatient hospital visits and confirming the diagnoses by reviewing the medical records. Ten matched control persons per patient with NF1 were collected from Population Register Centre. Study persons were linked to data from Medical Birth Register and Care Register for Health Care through the personal identity code...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815176/strategies-for-retinal-cell-generation-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#17
REVIEW
Lindsey S Weed, Jason A Mills
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are specialized self-renewing cells that are generated by exogenously expressing pluripotency-associated transcription factors in somatic cells such as fibroblasts, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, or lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). iPSCs are functionally similar to naturally pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in their capacity to propagate indefinitely and potential to differentiate into all human cell types, and are devoid of the associated ethical complications of origin...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815175/platelet-rich-plasma-an-elixir-for-treatment-of-alopecia-personal-experience-on-117-patients-with-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Suruchi Garg, Shweta Manchanda
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a new treatment modality in regenerative plastic surgery and dermatology. PRP is a simple, cost-effective and feasible treatment option with high patient satisfaction for hair loss and can be regarded as a valuable adjuvant treatment modality for androgenic alopecia and other types of non-scarring alopecias. Authors have proposed a hair model termed "Golden anchorage with 'molecular locking' of ectodermal and mesenchymal components for survival and integrity of hair follicle (HF)" in this article...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815150/identifying-psychiatric-comorbidities-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-biomedical-literature-and-electronic-health-record
#19
Jessica M Haddad, Elizabeth S Chen
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common diseases among Americans, affecting between 5 and 20% of the population. While there is existing evidence of numerous comorbid conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure, the vast majority of this evidence has focused explicitly on cardiovascular morbidities and excluded any mental or behavioral disorders. The goal of this study was to examine psychiatric comorbidities of OSA in two types of sources: (1) biomedical literature in the MEDLINE/PubMed database (focusing on MeSH descriptors) and Semantic MEDLINE Database (SemMedDB; for semantic predications), and (2) electronic health record data in the MIMIC-III database...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815038/management-of-desmoid-tumours-a-large-national-database-of-familial-adenomatous-patients-shows-a-link-to-colectomy-modalities-and-low-efficacy-of-medical-treatments
#20
T Walter, C Zhenzhen Wang, O Guillaud, E Cotte, A Pasquer, O Vinet, G Poncet, T Ponchon, J-C Saurin
BACKGROUND: Desmoid tumours represent a major complication of familial adenomatous polyposis. Our aims were to study the factors associated with the development of desmoid tumours in familial adenomatous polyposis patients, and to describe presentation and management of desmoid tumours. METHODS AND PATIENTS: We reviewed all patients with familial adenomatous polyposis followed at our institution between 1965-2013, with either identified adenomatous polyposis coli gene mutation, or a personal and family history suggesting adenomatous polyposis coli-related polyposis...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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