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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031185/diet-quality-and-depression-risk-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#1
REVIEW
Marc Molendijk, Patricio Molero, Felipe Ortuño Sánchez-Pedreño, Willem Van der Does, Miguel Angel Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: It has been claimed that the quality of a diet is associated with the incidence of depressive disorders. We sought to investigate the evidence for this claim. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed up to March 6th, 2017 in order to identify prospective cohort studies that reported on exposure to dietary patterns or food groups and the incidence of depression/depressive symptoms. Data from 24 independent cohorts (totalling 1,959,217 person-years) were pooled in random-effects meta-analyses...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027836/developing-macroindicators-of-palliative-care-development-in-africa-a-process-with-in-country-and-international-experts
#2
John Y Rhee, Eduardo Garralda, Eve Namisango, Emmanuel Luyirika, Liliana de Lima, Richard A Powell, Carlos Centeno
BACKGROUND: Indicators specific to the African context are important to measure palliative care (PC) development accurately. OBJECTIVE: To describe the process used to develop a set of PC macroindicators for Africa. DESIGN: Open-ended interviews on national PC development were conducted with five African Country Experts. Indicators were rated (1-4) by 14 Country Experts for validity and feasibility. An additional 11 interviews were conducted to ensure indicator saturation...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027812/use-of-a-novel-remotely-connected-diabetes-management-system-is-associated-with-increased-treatment-satisfaction-reduced-diabetes-distress-and-improved-glycemic-control-in-individuals-with-insulin-treated-diabetes-first-results-from-the-personal-diabetes-management
#3
Pablo Mora, Ann Buskirk, Maureen Lyden, Christopher G Parkin, Lena Borsa, Bettina Petersen
BACKGROUND: The ability to automatically transfer data to clinicians and receive timely guidance in therapy adjustments through remote and in-office consults can positively impact patients' perceptions about quality of care, which is positively associated with clinical outcomes. We assessed the impact of using the Accu-Chek Connect diabetes management system on treatment satisfaction, diabetes distress, and glycemic control in adults with type 1 diabetes and insulin-treated type 2 diabetes...
October 13, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027313/patient-experiences-with-care-across-various-types-of-mental-health-care-questionnaire-development-measurement-invariance-and-patients-reports
#4
Luk Bruyneel, Sabine Van Houdt, Ellen Coeckelberghs, Walter Sermeus, Else Tambuyzer, Peter Cosemans, Gert Peeters, Kris Van den Broeck, Ilse Weeghmans, Kris Vanhaecht
To describe the development, validation, and findings of a patient experience questionnaire across 7 types of residential and ambulatory mental health care services. Thirty-five items were hypothesized to cover information, participation, therapeutic relationship, personalized care, organization and collaboration, safety, patient rights, outcomes of care, and discharge preparation and after-care. Also included were 2 overall rating items (scoring and recommending the organization). This Dutch questionnaire was applied in 79 organizations in Belgium (N patients = 5,168)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027263/on-the-use-of-a-six-level-scale-for-physical-activity
#5
REVIEW
G Grimby, K Frändin
The four-level questionnaire to assess leisure time physical activity (PA) originally described by Saltin and Grimby has been extended to a six (or seven) level questionnaire, especially for the elderly or other persons with a low level of PA, expanded to include household activities. There are currently two main versions, one used in Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian studies and one with further modifications used in Finnish studies. In this review, predictive validity for mortality and different aspects of physical performance are demonstrated...
October 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#6
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026996/does-personality-influence-learning-a-case-study-in-an-invasive-lizard
#7
Melinda Chung, Celine T Goulet, Marcus Michelangeli, Brooke Melki-Wegner, Bob B M Wong, David G Chapple
Learning is a change in state resulting from new experiences enabling behavioural responses to be adjusted in alignment with external cues. Individuals differ in the speed and accuracy at which they learn. Personality has been postulated as being a major influence on learning ability in terms of attention and encounter rates of environmental cues. This link forms the basis of the cognitive style hypothesis (CSH), predicting that an individual's cognitive style will occur along a fast-slow behavioural gradient...
October 12, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026754/medication-discrepancies-and-potentially-inadequate-prescriptions-in-elderly-adults-with-polypharmacy-in-ambulatory-care
#8
Juan Víctor Ariel Franco, Sergio Adrián Terrasa, Karin Silvana Kopitowski
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe the frequency and type of medication discrepancies (MD) through medication reconciliation and to describe the frequency of potentially inadequate prescription (PIP) medications using screening tool of older persons' prescriptions criteria. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of electronic medical record (EMR) medication lists and patient's self-report of their comprehensive medication histories obtained through telephone interviews...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026609/ketosis-prone-diabetes-and-sle-co-presenting-in-an-african-lady-with-previous-gestational-diabetes
#9
S Hussain, S Keat, S V Gelding
We describe the case of an African woman who was diagnosed with ketosis-prone diabetes with diabetes-associated autoantibodies, after being admitted for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) precipitated by her first presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). She had a seven-year history of recurrent gestational diabetes (GDM) not requiring insulin therapy, with return to normoglycaemia after each pregnancy. This might have suggested that she had now developed type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the diagnosis of SLE prompted testing for an autoimmune aetiology for the diabetes, and she was found to have a very high titre of GAD antibodies...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026449/emotional-impact-on-the-results-of-brca1-and-brca2-genetic-test-an-observational-retrospective-study
#10
Sara Mella, Barbara Muzzatti, Riccardo Dolcetti, Maria Antonietta Annunziata
BACKGROUND: BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are associated with a higher risk of breast and ovarian tumors. This study evaluated the emotional states of women 1 month after having received the results of the genetic test and assessed eventual associations with the type of outcome, personal/familiar disease history and major socio-demographic variables. METHODS: The study, an observational retrospective one, involved 91 women, evaluated 1 month after receiving their results...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025877/low-incidence-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-followed-for-up-to-42-years
#11
Vibeke Gagnum, Maryam Saeed, Lars C Stene, Torbjørn Leivestad, Geir Joner, Torild Skrivarhaug
OBJECTIVE: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is one of the most severe complications in type 1 diabetes. We aimed to estimate the cumulative incidence of ESRD in individuals with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes followed for up to 42 years. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were based on the nationwide, population-based Norwegian Childhood Diabetes Registry and included case patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (age <15 years) who had received a diagnosis during the periods 1973-1982 and 1989-2012...
October 12, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025693/characterizing-active-ingredients-of-ehealth-interventions-targeting-persons-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-behavior-change-techniques-taxonomy-scoping-review
#12
Mihiretu M Kebede, Tatjana P Liedtke, Tobias Möllers, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: The behavior change technique taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1; Michie and colleagues, 2013) is a comprehensive tool to characterize active ingredients of interventions and includes 93 labels that are hierarchically clustered into 16 hierarchical clusters. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the active ingredients in electronic health (eHealth) interventions targeting patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and relevant outcomes...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025556/patients-with-brugada-syndrome-and-implanted-cardioverter-defibrillators-long-term-follow-up
#13
Jaime Hernandez-Ojeda, Elena Arbelo, Roger Borras, Paola Berne, Jose M Tolosana, Andrea Gomez-Juanatey, Antonio Berruezo, Oscar Campuzano, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Lluis Mont, Ramon Brugada, Josep Brugada
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) indications for primary prevention in Brugada syndrome (BrS) are still debated. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the long-term outcome after ICD implantation in a large cohort of BrS patients. METHODS: Of a total of 370 patients with BrS in follow-up (age 43 ± 14 years; 74% male), 104 patients (28.1%) were treated with ICDs. The authors analyzed the long-term incidence of shocks and complications...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025298/twelve-tips-for-using-applied-improvisation-in-medical-education
#14
Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, Jonathan P Rossing, Elizabeth Weinstein
Future physicians will practice medicine in a more complex environment than ever, where skills of interpersonal communication, collaboration and adaptability to change are critical. Applied improvisation (or AI) is an instructional strategy which adapts the concepts of improvisational theater to teach these types of complex skills in other contexts. Unique to AI is its very active teaching approach, adapting theater games to help learners meet curricular objectives. In medical education, AI is particularly helpful when attempting to build students' comfort with and skills in complex, interpersonal behaviors such as effective listening, person-centeredness, teamwork and communication...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024742/cyp-mediated-drug-metabolism-in-the-brain-impacts-drug-response
#15
REVIEW
Douglas M McMillan, Rachel F Tyndale
The functional role of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in the brain is an exciting and evolving field of research. CYPs are present and active in the brain, with heterogeneous patterns of expression, activity, and sensitivity to modulation across cell types, regions, and species. Despite total brain CYP expression being a fraction of hepatic CYP expression, the expanding literature of in vitro and in vivo experiments have provided evidence that brain CYPs can impact acute and chronic drug response, susceptibility to damage by neurotoxins, and are associated with altered personality, behaviour, and risk of neurological disease...
October 9, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024577/interpersonal-barriers-to-recovery-from-borderline-personality-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-patient-perspectives
#16
Adam Carmel, Nicole I Torres, Samantha Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
Social-environmental factors have been found to be an integral part in the recovery process for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. There are few studies that have obtained patient perspectives of how their social and treatment environments help facilitate or impede the recovery process. The following study examined the self-reported interpersonal barriers to recovery among a sample of individuals (N = 31) with borderline personality disorder who were receiving dialectical behaviour therapy. The goal of study was to identify self-reported problematic behaviour that interferes with recovery goals and identify types of family, friend and/or provider behaviours that increased the likelihood of patients engaging in these problematic behaviours...
October 12, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024286/modelling-cumulative-exposure-for-inference-about-drug-effects-in-observational-studies
#17
Bassam Farran, Stuart McGurnaghan, Helen C Looker, Shona Livingstone, Eva Lahnsteiner, Helen M Colhoun, Paul M McKeigue
PURPOSE: To demonstrate a modelling approach that controls for time-invariant allocation bias in estimation of associations of outcome with drug exposure. METHODS: We show that in a model that includes terms for both ever-exposure versus never-exposure and cumulative exposure, the parameter for ever-exposure represents the effect of time-invariant allocation bias, and the parameter for cumulative exposure represents the effect of the drug after adjustment for this unmeasured confounding...
October 12, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024284/how-do-people-with-long-term-mental-health-problems-negotiate-relationships-with-network-members-at-times-of-crisis
#18
Sandra Walker, Anne Kennedy, Ivaylo Vassilev, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Social network processes impact on the genesis and management of mental health problems. There is currently less understanding of the way people negotiate networked relationships in times of crisis compared to how they manage at other times. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the patterns and nature of personal network involvement at times of crises and how these may differ from day-to-day networks of recovery and maintenance. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with 25 participants with a diagnosis of long-term mental health (MH) problems drawn from recovery settings in the south of England...
October 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024277/how-intraspecific-variation-in-seed-dispersing-animals-matters-for-plants
#19
Rafał Zwolak
Seed dispersal by animals is a complex phenomenon, characterized by multiple mechanisms and variable outcomes. Most researchers approach this complexity by analysing context-dependency in seed dispersal and investigating extrinsic factors that might influence interactions between plants and seed dispersers. Intrinsic traits of seed dispersers provide an alternative way of making sense of the enormous variation in seed fates. I review causes of intraspecific variability in frugivorous and granivorous animals, discuss their effects on seed dispersal, and outline likely consequences for plant populations and communities...
October 10, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024276/large-plaque-type-blue-nevus-with-cellular-nodules-a-rare-unrecognized-melanocytic-tumor
#20
C Baraldi, B Corti, M Lambertini, P A Fanti, A Patrizi, E Dika
A 24-year-old Caucasian woman referred to us due to the modification of a congenital skin lesion in her right scapular area over the past 10 months. Physical examination disclosed multiple blue/whitish nodules arising on a bluish oval plaque, 6 cm in maximum diameter (fig. 1). The patient's personal and family medical history were unremarkable and negative for melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers. The entire lesion was totally excised. Microscopy revealed a multifocal dermal proliferation of fusiform and dendritic melanocytes arranged in irregular nodules characterized by many individual foci with the histologic appearance of common blue nevus involving the reticular dermis (fig...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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