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Personality and leadership

Donald M Hilty, Terry Rabinowitz, Robert M McCarron, David J Katzelnick, Trina Chang, Amy M Bauer, John Fortney
INTRODUCTION: In this era of patient-centered care, telepsychiatry (TP; video or synchronous) provides quality care with outcomes as good as in-person care, facilitates access to care, and leverages a wide range of treatments at a distance. METHOD: This conceptual review article explores TP as applied to newer models of care (e.g., collaborative, stepped, and integrated care). RESULTS: The field of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) has developed clinical care models, educates interdisciplinary team members, and provides leadership to clinical teams...
December 26, 2017: Psychosomatics
Athar Omid, Fariba Haghani, Peyman Adibi
In this paper, a novel model of clinical teachers with social and emotional competency which is emphasized on the importance of clinical teacher's social and emotional competence is presented. In this model, we supposed that a teacher with social and emotional competence can manage her/his emotions and has the ability to personal development and well-being. Such teacher has the competency of empathy, communication with the patients, teamwork, and collaboration to provide successful patient-centered care and relationship-centered care...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Latha Poonamallee, Alex M Harrington, Manisha Nagpal, Alec Musial
Emotional intelligence is established to predict success in leadership effectiveness in various contexts and has been linked to personality factors. This paper introduces Dharma Life Program, a novel approach to improving emotional intelligence by targeting maladaptive personality traits and triggering neuroplasticity through the use of a smart-phone application and mentoring. The program uses neuroplasticity to enable users to create a more adaptive application of their maladaptive traits, thus improving their emotional intelligence...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sietske M Grol, Gerard R M Molleman, Anne Kuijpers, Rob van der Sande, Gerdine A J Fransen, Willem J J Assendelft, Henk J Schers
BACKGROUND: In the western world, a growing number of the older people live at home. In the Netherlands, GPs are expected to play a pivotal role in the organization of integrated care for this patient group. However, little is known about how GPs can play this role best. Our aim for this study was to unravel how GPs can play a successful role in elderly care, in particular in multidisciplinary teams, and to define key concepts for success. METHODS: A mixed qualitative research model in four multidisciplinary teams for elderly care in the Netherlands was used...
March 10, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Thomas H Costello, Ansley Unterberger, Ashley L Watts, Scott O Lilienfeld
Despite widespread assumptions that psychopathy is associated with serious and repeated law-breaking, individuals with psychopathic personality traits do not invariably become chronic criminal offenders. As a partial explanation for this finding, Lykken (1995) ventured that a fearless temperament underlies both psychopathic traits and heroic behavior, and that heroic individuals' early exposure to effective socializing forces such as warm parenting or healthy self-esteem often fosters a characteristic adaption that tends to beget "successful" behaviors, thereby differentiating heroes from convicts...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Fathima Ahmed
The ever-evolving nature of nursing requires professionals to keep their knowledge up to date and uphold the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) Code by engaging themselves in ongoing personal and professional development (PPD). This article aims to highlight the importance of good leadership and management in healthcare and to explore the literature surrounding leadership and management, such as the current NHS healthcare leadership model ( NHS Leadership Academy 2013 ), the Leading Change, Adding Value Framework underpinned by the 10 commitments and 6Cs ( NHS England 2016 ) and the NMC Code ( NMC 2015a ) in relation to PPD...
March 7, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
Magali Fassiotto, Yvonne Maldonado, Joseph Hopkins
Purpose Physician leadership programs serve to develop individual capabilities and to affect organizational outcomes. Evaluations of such programs often focus solely on short-term increases in individual capabilities. The purpose of this paper is to assess long-term individual and organizational outcomes of the Stanford Leadership Development Program. Design/methodology/approach There are three data sources for this mixed-methods study: a follow-up survey in 2013-2014 of program participants ( n=131) and matched (control) non-participants ( n=82) from the 2006 to 2011 program years; promotion and retention data; and qualitative in-person interview data...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Edward E Cornwell
On March 19-20, 2017; Howard University hosted a Festschrift inspired by Dr. Leffall's writings (Fig. 1). The celebrants highlighted the broad spectrum of Dr. Leffall's contributions in mentorship, leadership in American Surgery, breast cancer, endocrine cancer, pancreatic cancer, and familial polyposis coli. Perhaps most inspirational was the awe inspiring consistency the presenters demonstrated in describing the personal characteristics Dr. Leffall brings to his academic discourse: his encyclopedic knowledge and recall, his charm, eloquence, humility, and his total dedication to the patient, his students, and trainees...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Colin P West, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Tait D Shanafelt
Physician burnout, a work-related syndrome involving emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a sense of reduced personal accomplishment, is prevalent internationally. Rates of burnout symptoms that have been associated with adverse effects on patients, the health care workforce, costs, and physician health exceed 50% in studies of both physicians-in-training and practicing physicians. This problem represents a public health crisis with negative impacts on individual physicians, patients, and health care organizations and systems...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
Savanna L Carson, Kate Perkins, Maura R Reilly, Myung-Shin Sim, Su-Ting T Li
BACKGROUND: Residency program leaders are required to support resident well-being, but often do not receive training in how to do so. OBJECTIVE: Determine frequency in which program leadership provides support for resident well-being, comfort in supporting resident well-being, and factors associated with need for additional training in supporting resident well-being. METHODS: National cross-sectional web-based survey of pediatric program directors, associate program directors, and coordinators in June 2015, on their experience supporting resident well-being...
February 27, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Terence Mitchell
Presents an obituary for Fred Edward Fiedler, who died June 8, 2017. Fiedler made four truly significant contributions to the field of psychology. First, he changed the way psychologists think about successful leadership. His book A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness (1967) provided the foundation for much of his later work. Second, at both the University of Illinois and the University of Washington, Fiedler had his own research building and facility. Third, he had an outstanding reputation. He was known around the world for his writing, lectures, and consulting work...
February 2018: American Psychologist
Cheryl H Silver, Andreana Benitez, Kira Armstrong, Chriscelyn M Tussey
OBJECTIVE: Inspired by panel discussions at various neuropsychology conferences, the aim of this paper is to share wisdom that women in neuropsychology acquired from their leadership experiences. METHOD: We identified 46 women leaders in governance and academic research through reviews of organizational websites and journal editorial boards, and requested their response to brief questions via email. Twenty-one leaders provided responses to three questions formulated by the authors...
February 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Hale Z Toklu, Jacklyn C Fuller
Scholarly activities (i.e., the discovery of new knowledge; development of new technologies, methods, materials, or uses; integration of knowledge leading to new understanding) are intended to measure the quality and quantity of dissemination of knowledge. A successful mentorship program is necessary during residency to help residents achieve the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills) required by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
December 5, 2017: Curēus
Martin Pielach, Hans-Joachim Schubert
BACKGROUND: Leadership in social services and healthcare organizations is marked by high levels of complexity and contradiction, which cannot be fully explained by politically, economically, and socially induced changes. Rather, it is the particularities of service provision in healthcare and social services that confront executives with specific demands. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to capture and prioritize required leadership competencies in healthcare and social services organizations...
February 7, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Melinda M Davis, Rose Gunn, L Kris Gowen, Benjamin F Miller, Larry A Green, Deborah J Cohen
Integrated behavioral health and primary care is a patient-centered approach designed to address a person's physical, emotional, and social healthcare needs. Increasingly, practices are integrating care to help achieve the Quadruple Aim, yet no studies have examined, using qualitative methods, patients' experiences of care in integrated settings. The purpose of this study was to examine patients' experiences of care in community-based settings integrating behavioral health and primary care. This is a qualitative study of 24 patients receiving care across five practices participating in Advancing Care Together (ACT)...
February 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Claire A Surr, Alys W Griffiths, Rachael Kelley
Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) is an observational tool set within a practice development process. Following training in the method, DCM is implemented via a cyclic process of briefing staff, conducting mapping observations, data analysis and report preparation, feedback to staff and action planning. Recent controlled studies of DCM's efficacy have found heterogeneous results, and variability in DCM implementation has been indicated as a potential contributing factor. This review aimed to examine the primary research evidence on the processes and the barriers and facilitators to implementing DCM as a practice development method within formal dementia care settings...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Akhil Narang, Poonam Velagapudi, Bharath Rajagopalan, Bryan LeBude, Aaron P Kithcart, David Snipelisky, Shashank S Sinha
Lifelong learning is essential for the practicing cardiologist. Present lifelong learning mechanisms are stagnant and at risk for not meeting the needs of currently practicing cardiologists. With the increasing burden of cardiovascular disease, growing complexity of patient care, and ongoing pressures of nonclinical responsibilities, educational programming must evolve to meet the demands of the contemporary cardiovascular professional. A paradigm shift, replete with modern and practical educational tools, is needed in the lifelong learning armamentarium...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Matthew J Loscalzo
Illness, health and wellness happens in social contexts. The present political environment is highly divisive and plays to the most primitive fears of people. Never have the stakes been so high. History is replete with putative leaders who create walls that separate people in ways that inevitably leads to dehumanization, suffering and eventually violence. Timely and openly shared psychosocial insights by experts in mental health into the evil consequences of "wall builders" are essential to the physical, mental and spiritual health of individuals and nations...
February 1, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Bonnie C Sachs, Andreana Benitez, Melissa T Buelow, Amanda Gooding, Lynn A Schaefer, Anita H Sim, Chriscelyn M Tussey, Paula K Shear
OBJECTIVE: Although psychology has become a female-dominated field, this pattern of gender representation has not held true within the specialty of neuropsychology. In recent years more women have been pursuing careers in neuropsychology, and while the balance of male and female neuropsychologists as a whole has shifted, it is unclear whether the gender composition of leadership has also changed. Our goal was to survey various neuropsychological organizations, training programs, editorial boards, and organizations granting board certification to determine the current gender composition of leadership positions within neuropsychology...
January 28, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Lucette Lanyon, Linda Worrall, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Participation in a group environment is an inherently complex undertaking for people with aphasia. It involves engaging in multi-person interactions with other people who may have a range of communication strengths and strategies at their disposal. The potential challenges of community aphasia-group participation and practice has had limited attention in the research literature. Evidence from group users have primarily been drawn from the perspective of long-term members or those participating in highly specific and time-bound groups...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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