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Personality and leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092473/changing-the-culture-of-academic-medicine-critical-mass-or-critical-actors
#1
Deborah L Helitzer, Sharon L Newbill, Gina Cardinali, Page S Morahan, Shine Chang, Diane Magrane
PURPOSE: By 2006, women constituted 34% of academic medical faculty, reaching a critical mass. Theoretically, with critical mass, culture and policy supportive of gender equity should be evident. We explore whether having a critical mass of women transforms institutional culture and organizational change. METHODS: Career development program participants were interviewed to elucidate their experiences in academic health centers (AHCs). Focus group discussions were held with institutional leaders to explore their perceptions about contemporary challenges related to gender and leadership...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088211/innovation-contests-to-promote-sexual-health-in-china-a-qualitative-evaluation
#2
Wei Zhang, David Schaffer, Lai Sze Tso, Songyuan Tang, Weiming Tang, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests call on non-experts to help solve problems. While these contests have been used extensively in the private sector to increase engagement between organizations and clients, there is little data on the role of innovation contests to promote health campaigns. We implemented an innovation contest in China to increase sexual health awareness among youth and evaluated community engagement in the contest. METHODS: The sexual health image contest consisted of an open call for sexual health images, contest promotion activities, judging of entries, and celebrating contributions...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074984/-wellbeing-of-chilean-older-adults-is-associated-with-group-participation
#3
Oskarina Palma-Candia, César Hueso-Montoro, Azucena Ortega-Valdivieso, Rafael Montoya-Juárez, Francisco Cruz-Quintana
BACKGROUND: Subjective aspects such as personal growth and the development of their potential are relevant for the perception of wellbeing of older adults. These dimensions appear to be connected with meaningful group participation. AIM: To assess the perception of psychological wellbeing of older adults in a Chilean region and determine its association with socio-demographic variables and participation in organizations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ryff's scale of psychological wellbeing perception was applied to 101 adults (43 men) from Magallanes, aged 60 and 88 years...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071867/identifying-effective-nurse-led-care-transition-interventions-for-older-adults-with-complex-needs-using-a-structured-expert-panel
#4
Lianne Jeffs, Kerry Kuluski, Madelyn Law, Marianne Saragosa, Sherry Espin, Ella Ferris, Jane Merkley, Brenda Dusek, Monika Kastner, Chaim M Bell
BACKGROUND: Nursing plays a central role in facilitating care transitions for complex older adults, yet there is no consensus of the components of nurse-led care transitions interventions to facilitate high quality care transitions among complex older adults. A structured expert panel was established with the purpose of identifying effective nurse-led care transition interventions. METHODS: A modified Delphi consensus technique based on the RAND method was employed...
January 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068999/intention-to-leave-profession-psychosocial-environment-and-self-rated-health-among-registered-nurses-from-large-hospitals-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Daiana Rangel de Oliveira, Rosane Härter Griep, Luciana Fernandes Portela, Lucia Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Nurses' intention to leave their profession is a worldwide concern. Studies have shown that it can take the form of a chain reaction: many nurses first leave the unit, then the hospital, and finally the profession. Organisation and other labour factors, personal and conjunctural, have been associated with the intention to quit nursing. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with the intention to leave the profession among registered nurses (RNs) at large public hospitals in Brazil...
January 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068789/pragmatic-trial-of-video-education-in-nursing-homes-the-design-and-rationale-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#6
Vincent Mor, Angelo E Volandes, Roee Gutman, Constantine Gatsonis, Susan L Mitchell
Background/Aims Nursing homes are complex healthcare systems serving an increasingly sick population. Nursing homes must engage patients in advance care planning, but do so inconsistently. Video decision support tools improved advance care planning in small randomized controlled trials. Pragmatic trials are increasingly employed in health services research, although not commonly in the nursing home setting to which they are well-suited. This report presents the design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated the "real world" application of an Advance Care Planning Video Program in two large US nursing home healthcare systems...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067030/personal-protective-equipment-use-and-hazardous-drug-spills-among-ambulatory-oncology-nurses
#7
Bei He, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, Marjorie McCullagh, Christopher Friese
Purpose/Objectives: To examine patterns and organizational correlates of personal protective equipment (PPE) use and hazardous drug spills. Design: Cross-sectional mailed survey. Setting: Ambulatory practices in California, Georgia, and Michigan. Sample: 252 Oncology Nursing Society members who administer hazardous drugs. Methods: Bivariate and multivariable regression analyses. Main Research Variables: Outcomes were PPE use and hazardous drug spills...
6, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052985/experiences-of-using-life-histories-with-health-workers-in-post-conflict-and-crisis-settings-methodological-reflections
#8
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Haja Wurie, Sally Theobald, Wilson Mashange, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Richard Mangwi, Tim Martineau
INTRODUCTION: Life history is a research tool which has been used primarily in sociology and anthropology to document experiences of marginalized individuals and communities. It has been less explored in relation to health system research. In this paper, we examine our experience of using life histories to explore health system trajectories coming out of conflict through the eyes of health workers. METHODS: Life histories were used in four inter-related projects looking at health worker incentives, the impact of Ebola on health workers, deployment policies, and gender and leadership in the health sector...
January 4, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043078/a-qualitative-study-investigating-training-requirements-of-nurses-working-with-people-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes
#9
Analisa Smythe, Catharine Jenkins, Magdalena Galant-Miecznikowska, Peter Bentham, Jan Oyebode
BACKGROUND: The care home workforce (over half a million people in the UK) has a pivotal role in the quality of care provided to the residents. Much care in this setting is inadequate, lacks a person-centred focus and neglects the dignity of residents. A combination of factors leads to burnout in nurses working in nursing homes, contributing to poor quality care. Recent reports have indicated that cultures of care need to be addressed through training, improved workforce support and supervision and that improving the quality of care for people with dementia can be achieved by the development of leadership in nursing and clarifying professional values...
December 22, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038975/-impact-of-leadership-in-implementing-person-centered-therapy-for-the-elderly
#10
Valle Coronado-Vázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027058/rasch-analysis-of-the-malaysian-secondary-school-student-leadership-inventory-m3sli
#11
Mei-Teng Ling
The importance of instilling leadership skills in students has always been a main subject of discussion in Malaysia. Malaysian Secondary School Students Leadership Inventory (M3SLI) is an instrument which has been piloted tested in year 2013. The main purpose of this study is to examine and optimize the functioning of the rating scale categories in M3SLI by investigating the rating scale category counts, average and expected rating scale category measures, and steps calibrations. In detail, the study was aimed to (1) identify whether the five-point rating scale was functioning as intended and (2) review the effect of a rating scale category revision on the psychometric characteristics of M3SLI...
2016: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027033/willard-and-spackman-s-enduring-legacy-for-future-occupational-therapy-pathways
#12
Wanda J Mahoney, Christine O Peters, Peggy M Martin
Helen Willard (1894-1980) and Clare Spackman (1909-1992) paved the way for modern and future occupational therapy. This article validates the need for historical research in occupational therapy and presents a historical study on how the personal and professional collaboration of Willard and Spackman influenced occupational therapy. Data were gathered from archival documents, private papers, and 10 oral histories with colleagues, students, family, and friends. We used text analysis with triangulation to develop themes to reconstruct a proximity of the historical story...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017895/mobbing-among-care-workers-in-nursing-homes-a-cross-sectional-secondary-analysis-of-the-swiss-nursing-homes-human-resources-project
#13
Myriam Tong, René Schwendimann, Franziska Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: As a category of bullying, mobbing is a form of violence in the workplace that damages the employing organization as well as the targeted employee. In Europe, the overall prevalence of mobbing in healthcare is estimated at 4%. However, few studies have explored mobbing among long-term care workers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the frequency of mobbing in Swiss nursing homes and its relationships with care workers' (i.e. registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, assistant nurse, nurse aide) health status, job satisfaction, and intention to leave, and to explore the work environment as a contributing factor to mobbing...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012614/changes-in-the-professional-lives-of-cardiologists-over-2-decades
#14
REVIEW
Sandra J Lewis, Laxmi S Mehta, Pamela S Douglas, Martha Gulati, Marian C Limacher, Athena Poppas, Mary Norine Walsh, Anne K Rzeszut, Claire S Duvernoy
The American College of Cardiology third decennial Professional Life Survey was completed by 2,313 cardiologists: 964 women (42%) and 1,349 men (58%). Compared with 10 and 20 years ago, current results reflect a substantially lower response rate (21% vs. 31% and 49%, respectively) and an aging workforce that is less likely to be in private practice. Women continue to be more likely to practice in academic centers, be pediatric cardiologists, and have a noninvasive subspecialty. Men were more likely to indicate that family responsibilities negatively influenced their careers than previously, whereas women remained less likely to marry or have children...
December 16, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002351/associations-between-supportive-leadership-behavior-and-the-costs-of-absenteeism-and-presenteeism-an-epidemiological-and-economic-approach
#15
Johannes Albert Schmid, Marc Nicolas Jarczok, Diana Sonntag, Raphael Manfred Herr, Joachim Ernst Fischer, Burkhard Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates associations between supportive leadership behavior (SLB) and presenteeism/absenteeism, and estimates related costs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from a German industrial sample (n = 17,060) assessing SLB and presenteeism/absenteeism were used. Adjusted interval regressions were performed. The study population was split into tertiles with respect to SLB, and minimum and maximum costs for each tertile were estimated on the basis of national industry averages...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993140/post-doctoral-research-fellowship-as-a-health-policy-and-systems-research-capacity-development-intervention-a-case-of-the-chesai-initiative
#16
Martina Lembani, Gina Teddy, Dintle Molosiwa, Boroto Hwabamungu
BACKGROUND: Building capacity in health policy and systems research (HPSR), especially in low- and middle-income countries, remains a challenge. Various approaches have been suggested and implemented by scholars and institutions using various forms of capacity building to address challenges regarding HPSR development. The Collaboration for Health Systems Analysis and Innovation (CHESAI) - a collaborative effort between the Universities of Cape Town and the Western Cape Schools of Public Health - has employed a non-research based post-doctoral research fellowship (PDRF) as a way of building African capacity in the field of HPSR by recruiting four post-docs...
December 20, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978808/molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects-of-biomaterials-in-dentistry-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-internationalization-of-higher-education-and-research-perspective
#17
Lidia M Wisniewska, David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Jesús Domingo Segovia, Francesco Inchingolo, Hom-Lay Wang, Manuel Fernándes-Cruz
In dentistry and oral and maxillofacial surgery, the development of implantable biomaterials and the understanding of their molecular, cellular and pharmaceutical aspects are currently major fields of research and education, with a considerable impact on the daily clinical practice and the evolution of therapeutic strategies. In the era of globalized economy of knowledge and science, this scientific domain needs the development of global cooperation and a paradigm evolution in the organizational culture of the dental sciences and related dental industry...
December 13, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977346/developing-person-centred-practice-in-hip-fracture-care-for-older-people
#18
Jane Christie, Maureen Macmillan, Colin Currie, Gerardine Matthews-Smith
AIM: To facilitate a multidisciplinary collaborative approach to developing person-centred practice in hip fracture care for older people. METHOD: Collaborative inquiry, a form of action research, was used to collect data for this study. It involved exploration of dilemmas, questions and problems that are part of human experience. Clinical leaders from different disciplines (n=16), who work with older people with hip fractures at different stages of the care pathway, participated in a series of facilitated action meetings...
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942746/building-leadership-capacity-to-prevent-and-control-noncommunicable-diseases-evaluation-of-an-international-short-term-training-program-for-program-managers-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Agnes Erzse, Pascal Bovet, Fred Paccaud, Oleg Chestnov, Nicholas Banatvala
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a 1-week training seminar jointly developed and conducted by the World Health Organization and the University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine of Lausanne targeting senior policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries on public health aspects of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). METHODS: A short qualitative questionnaire was emailed to all participants to one of the nine seminars organized between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: From the 195 participants from 96 different countries, 122 (63%) completed the questionnaire...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938369/achieving-development-goals-for-hiv-tuberculosis-and-malaria-in-sub-saharan-africa-through-integrated-antenatal-care-barriers-and-challenges
#20
EDITORIAL
Freya J I Fowkes, Bridget L Draper, Margaret Hellard, Mark Stoové
BACKGROUND: The global health community is currently transitioning from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Unfortunately, progress towards maternal, newborn and infant health MDGs has lagged significantly behind other key health goals, demanding a renewed global effort in this key health area. The World Health Organization and other institutions heralded integrated antenatal care (ANC) as the best way to address the inter-related health issues of HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria in the high risk groups of pregnant women and infants; integrated ANC services also offer a mechanism to address slow progress towards improved maternal health...
December 12, 2016: BMC Medicine
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