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Personality and leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349852/what-really-matters-to-people-with-aphasia-when-it-comes-to-group-work-a-qualitative-investigation-of-factors-impacting-participation-and-integration
#1
Lucette Lanyon, Linda Worrall, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Participation in a group environment is an inherently complex undertaking for people with aphasia. It involves engaging in multi-person interactions with other people who may have a range of communication strengths and strategies at their disposal. The potential challenges of community aphasia-group participation and practice has had limited attention in the research literature. Evidence from group users have primarily been drawn from the perspective of long-term members or those participating in highly specific and time-bound groups...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344050/the-lived-experiences-of-becoming-first-line-nurse-managers-a-phenomenological-study
#2
Joko Gunawan, Yupin Aungsuroch, Nazliansyah, Ade Sukarna
Background: Designated roles of first-line nurse managers (FLNMs) are very complex, this study aimed to develop a deeper understanding of their meaningful lived experiences. Materials and Methods: This study employed a phenomenological study using semi-structured interviews with FLNMs (n = 7) at the General Hospital of Belitung, Indonesia. The data analysis was thematic. Results: Four major themes were identified from the analysis of textual data: Feeling extraordinary, the inability to do, desire to leave the unit, and influenced by work motivation...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334149/evidence-based-practice-readiness-a-concept-analysis
#3
Jessica D Schaefer, John M Welton
AIM: To analyse and define the concept "evidence based practice readiness" in nurses. BACKGROUND: Evidence based practice readiness is a term commonly used in health literature, but without a clear understanding of what readiness means. Concept analysis is needed to define the meaning of evidence based practice readiness. METHOD: A concept analysis was conducted using Walker and Avant's method to clarify the defining attributes of evidence based practice readiness as well as antecedents and consequences...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318699/-it-breaks-your-soul-an-in-depth-exploration-of-workplace-injustice-in-nursing
#4
Natalie Skinner, Paul Van Dijk, Christina Stothard, Erich C Fein
AIM(S): To understand nurses' experiences of injustice in the workplace and to identify the impact of injustice on well-being. BACKGROUND: Little is known about how nurses view injustice or its effects on their well-being, although research indicates that such perceptions are central to workplace practices such as performance management and outcomes such as employee well-being. METHOD(S): A qualitative study was conducted with semi-structured interviews for nurses employed in Australian public hospitals...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317384/identifying-opinion-leaders-to-promote-organ-donation-on-social-media-network-study
#5
Jingyuan Shi, Charles T Salmon
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, social networking sites (SNSs, also called social media) have been adopted in organ donation campaigns, and recruiting opinion leaders for such campaigns has been found effective in promoting behavioral changes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to focus on the dissemination of organ donation tweets on Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter, and to examine the opinion leadership in the retweet network of popular organ donation messages using social network analysis...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308457/training-impact-on-novice-and-experienced-research-coordinators
#6
Linda S Behar-Horenstein, JoNell Efantis Potter, Alena Prikhidko, Stephanie Swords, Stephen Sonstein, H Robert Kolb
Competency-based training and professional development is critical to the clinical research enterprise. Understanding research coordinators' perspectives is important for establishing a common core curriculum. The purpose of this study was to describe participants' perspectives regarding the impact of online and classroom training sessions. 27 participants among three institutions, completed a two-day classroom training session. 10 novice and seven experienced research coordinators participated in focus group interviews...
December 2017: Qualitative Report: An Online Journal Dedicated to Qualitative Research Since 1990
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304869/improving-local-health-through-community-health-workers-in-cambodia-challenges-and-solutions
#7
Kim Ozano, Padam Simkhada, Khem Thann, Rose Khatri
BACKGROUND: Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are an important link between the public health system and the community. The 'Community Participation Policy for Health' in Cambodia identifies CHWs as key to local health promotion and as a critical link between district health centres and the community. However, research on the challenges CHWs face and identifying what is required to optimise their performance is limited in the Cambodian context. This research explores the views of CHWs in rural Cambodia, on the challenges they face when implementing health initiatives...
January 6, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302515/chasing-viruses-feverishly
#8
Chandrakant Lahariya
A number of viral diseases have emerged and re-emerged in India and globally, in the last few years. Effective prevention and control of these diseases require, in addition to a functioning disease surveillance system, interventions both before and after disease occurrence, and a combination of personal and population services. However, the current efforts to control emerging viral diseases in India has major therapeutic focus (and attention on diagnostic and curative services) and there is limited attention on preventive and promotive components...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294943/transformational-leadership-and-incivility-a-multilevel-and-longitudinal-test
#9
Julien S Bureau, Marylène Gagné, Alexandre J S Morin, Geneviève A Mageau
This research examines group-level perceptions of transformational leadership (TFL) as negative longitudinal predictors of witnessing person-related (e.g., insults/affronts) and work-related (e.g., negation/intentional work overload) acts of incivility at work. Witnessing workplace incivility was also postulated to negatively predict employee need satisfaction. Data were collected among production employees in different Canadian plants of a major manufacturing company ( N = 344) who worked for 42 different managers ( Mgroup size = 9...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289752/maintaining-the-fire-but-avoiding-burnout-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-resident-well-being-program
#10
Taylor S Riall, Joshua Teiman, Michelle Chang, Denzel Cole, Tambre Leighn, Hilary McClafferty, Valentine N Nfonsam
BACKGROUND: There have been few programs designed to improve surgical resident wellbeing and such efforts often lack formal evaluation. STUDY DESIGN: General Surgery residents participated in the Energy Leadership Wellbeing and Resiliency Program. They were assessed at baseline and one year after implementation using the Energy Leadership Index (ELI, measures emotional intelligence), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) General Survey, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the annual required ACGME resident survey...
December 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283890/environmental-health-advancing-emancipatory-policies-for-the-common-good
#11
Sarah K Valentine-Maher, Patricia G Butterfield, Gary Laustsen
Human health is substantially impacted by the state of the environment, and environmental degradation has a disproportionate impact on persons with less immediate access to financial and social power. This article calls for upstream nursing action to address the natural environment in order to turn about health injustices and improve health for all. Such action would move nursing towards a greater actualization of the nursing environmental domain. The health impacts of climate change, air and water quality, and toxic chemical exposure are substantiated and specific policy leadership recommendations are proposed...
December 27, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283474/the-work-and-challenges-of-care-managers-in-the-implementation-of-collaborative-care-a-qualitative-study
#12
Gritt Overbeck, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Annette Sofie Davidsen
INTRODUCTION: In collaborative care models for anxiety and depression the care manager (CM), often a mental health nurse, has a key role. However, the work and challenges related to this role remain poorly investigated. AIM: To explore CMs' experiences of their work and the challenges they face when implementing their role in a collaborative care intervention in the Capital Region of Denmark. METHODS: Interviews with eight CMs, a group-interview with five CMs, and a recording of one supervision session were analyzed by thematic analysis...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279028/helping-smokers-quit-the-smoking-cessation-leadership-center-engages-behavioral-health-by-challenging-old-myths-and-traditions
#13
Steven A Schroeder, Brian Clark, Christine Cheng, Catherine B Saucedo
Smoking is much more common among persons with behavioral health conditions (mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders). Persons with these disorders are more likely to die from smoking-related causes than any other reason. Studies have shown that stopping smoking can improve mental health function, as well as improve outcomes for substance use disorders. Yet, for a variety of reasons, smoking cessation has not been integrated into the treatment of behavioral health conditions, and in many instances tobacco use was not only condoned but encouraged...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277953/emergent-leadership-among-tenants-with-psychiatric-disabilities-living-in-supported-housing
#14
Myra Piat, Judith Sabetti, Deborah Padgett
The overall aim of this study was to explore the experiences of people with psychiatric disabilities living as tenants in independent, supported apartments for the first time. Supported housing provides an alternative to structured, custodial housing models, such as foster homes, or board-and-care homes, for clients in public mental health systems. This article reports findings on how leadership emerged among tenants after making the transition from custodial to supported housing. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with tenants (n = 24) and included questions on their housing history, current living situation, relationships with staff, participation, and understanding or experience of leadership...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233447/reflections-on-a-year-long-student-and-pharmacist-paired-mentorship-program
#15
Rashi C Waghel, Jennifer A Wilson, Dawn M Battise, Jared Frye
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mentorship programs can play a significant role in the professional development of a variety of individuals, including student pharmacists and practitioners. Many mentorship programs have been described in the literature, but the literature pertaining to mentorship programs for student pharmacists specifically is varied. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A leadership society at one school of pharmacy established a formal mentorship program to aid the professional development of student pharmacists...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229317/team-based-simulations-for-new-surgeons-does-early-and-often-make-a-difference
#16
Kareem R AbdelFattah, M Chance Spalding, David Leshikar, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: Current work hour restrictions and the expansion of requirements for surgery residents has led to decreased time on high-acuity rotations such as trauma and acute care surgery. In an effort to improve resident competency, we examined the efficacy of a new team-based trauma curriculum for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents. METHODS: After completing required Advanced Trauma Life Support certification, PGY1s participated in a series of trauma simulations in 3-person teams from June to August...
December 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225582/significant-need-for-a-french-network-of-expert-centers-enabling-a-better-characterization-and-management-of-treatment-resistant-depression-fondation-fondamental
#17
Antoine Yrondi, Djamila Bennabi, Emmanuel Haffen, Marion Garnier, Frank Bellivier, Thierry Bourgerol, Vincent Camus, Thierry D'Amato, Olivier Doumy, Frédéric Haesebaert, Jérôme Holtzmann, Christophe Lançon, Philippe Vignaud, Fanny Moliere, Isabel Nieto, Raphaëlle Marie Richieri, Philippe Domenech, Corentin Rabu, Luc Mallet, Liova Yon, Laurent Schmitt, Florian Stephan, Guillaume Vaiva, Michel Walter, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Philippe Courtet, Marion Leboyer, Wissam El-Hage, Bruno Aouizerate
Background: Major depression is characterized by (i) a high lifetime prevalence of 16-17% in the general population; (ii) a high frequency of treatment resistance in around 20-30% of cases; (iii) a recurrent or chronic course; (iv) a negative impact on the general functioning and quality of life; and (v) a high level of comorbidity with various psychiatric and non-psychiatric disorders, high occurrence of completed suicide, significant burden along with the personal, societal, and economic costs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214860/a-comparison-of-unidimensionality-and-measurement-precision-of-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-and-the-narcissistic-admiration-and-rivalry-questionnaire
#18
Michael P Grosz, Wilco H M Emons, Eunike Wetzel, Marius Leckelt, William J Chopik, Norman Rose, Mitja D Back
The current study compares the closeness to unidimensionality (CU) and measurement precision (MP) of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI)-with either a pairwise forced-choice or 5-point Likert-type scale response format-to the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ). Minimum rank factor analysis and item information curves from item response models were utilized. The results mainly confirmed our expectations that NPI subscales are lower in CU and MP compared with NARQ subscales when the NPI was administered with its traditional forced-choice response format...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205331/first-person-julie-vose-md-mba-the-lymphoma-specialist-is-focused-on-patients-as-well-as-organizational-leadership
#19
Carrie Printz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198221/person-centered-care-in-norwegian-nursing-homes-and-its-relation-to-organizational-factors-and-staff-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Irene Røen, Øyvind Kirkevold, Ingelin Testad, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal, Sverre Bergh
BACKGROUND: Person-centered care (PCC) is regarded as good quality care for persons with dementia. This study aimed to explore and understand the association between PCC and organizational, staff and unit characteristics in nursing homes (NHs). METHODS: Staff from 175 NH units in Norway (n = 1,161) completed a survey, including measures of PCC and questions about staff characteristics and work-related psychosocial factors. In addition, data about organizational and structural factors and assessment of the physical environment in the units were obtained...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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