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Personality and leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774000/does-despotic-leadership-harm-employee-family-life-exploring-the-effects-of-emotional-exhaustion-and-anxiety
#1
Shazia Nauman, Tasneem Fatima, Inam Ul Haq
Research has not focused on the negative effects of despotic leadership on subordinates' life satisfaction and the interface between work and family. Drawing on the Conservation of Resources theory, this research investigates the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion through which despotic leadership transcends from the workplace to subordinates' personal lives, resulting in work-family conflict and decreased life satisfaction. The research also examines the moderating effect of subordinates' anxiety on the relationship of their perceptions of despotic leadership with work-family conflict and life satisfaction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770106/perceptions-about-authentic-leadership-development-south-african-occupational-therapy-students-camp-experience
#2
Fatima Hendricks, Susan Toth-Cohen
Background: Twenty-three years into democracy, concern is deepening regarding the slow progress of Occupational Therapy (OT) in South Africa, especially with regard to diversity and inclusion within OT. Methods: This study explores authentic leadership development primarily among Black OT students attending a pilot Occupational Therapy Association of South Africa (OTASA) National Student Leadership Camp. It seeks to ascertain their perceptions on leadership and leadership development...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764326/why-gerontology-and-geriatrics-can-teach-us-a-lot-about-mentoring
#3
Phillip G Clark
Gerontology, geriatrics, and mentoring have a lot in common. The prototype of this role was Mentor, an older adult in Homer's The Odyssey, who was enlisted to look after Odysseus' son, Telemachus, while his father was away fighting the Trojan War. Portrayed as an older man, the name "mentor" literally means "a man who thinks," which is not a bad characterization generally for faculty members in gerontology! In particular, gerontological and geriatrics education can teach us a lot about the importance of mentoring and provide some critical insights into this role: (1) the importance of interprofessional leadership and modeling, (2) the application of the concept of "grand-generativity" to mentoring, (3) "it takes a community" to be effective in mentoring others, and (4) the need to tailor mentorship styles to the person and the situation...
May 15, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764276/-it-s-our-everyday-life-the-perspectives-of-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-norway
#4
Aud Elisabeth Witsø, Brit Hauger
This study illuminates how adults with intellectual disabilities understand and describe their everyday life and its shortcomings when it comes to equal rights in the context of Norwegian community living. An inclusive research design, including nine persons with mild intellectual disability, two university researchers and two intellectual disability nurses from the municipality, was undertaken. An inductive thematic analysis of data identified three key themes: everyday life - context, rhythm and structure, social participation and staff - an ambiguous part of everyday life...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758291/dr-elliot-f-ellis-initiating-personalized-asthma-management-in-children
#5
Stanley J Szefler
Elliot F. Ellis is indeed a giant in the field of allergy and immunology. From his leadership role in developing a pediatric allergy and immunology fellowship at National Jewish Health and his seminal work in theophylline pharmacokinetics, he trained many excellent clinicians and researchers. He assumed the role of Chair of Pediatrics at the Children's Hospital of Buffalo in 1974 and transformed that training program in pediatrics to a top-rated program in the country along with his own training program in allergy and immunology...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758117/associations-among-nursing-work-environment-and-health-promoting-behaviors-of-nurses-and-nursing-performance-quality-a-multilevel-modeling-approach
#6
Hyeonmi Cho, Kihye Han
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationships among the unit-level nursing work environment and individual-level health-promoting behaviors of hospital nurses in South Korea and their perceived nursing performance quality. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires from 432 nurses in 57 units at five hospitals in South Korea. Nursing performance quality, nursing work environment, and health-promoting behaviors were measured using the Six Dimension Scale of Nursing Performance, Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index, and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II, respectively...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752825/salutogenic-service-user-involvement-in-nursing-research-a-case-study
#7
Nina Helen Mjøsund, Hege Forbech Vinje, Monica Eriksson, Mette Haaland-Øverby, Sven Liang Jensen, Solveig Kjus, Irene Norheim, Inger-Lill Portaasen, Geir Arild Espnes
AIM: The aim was to explore the process of involving mental healthcare service users in a mental health promotion research project as research advisors and to articulate features of the collaboration which encouraged and empowered the advisors to make significant contributions to the research process and outcome. BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in evaluating aspects of service user involvement in nursing research. Few descriptions exist of features that enable meaningful service user involvement...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750933/regional-thoracic-surgery-quality-collaboration-formation-providence-thoracic-surgery-initiative
#8
John R Handy, Kimberly Costas, Robert McKenna, Steven Nisco, Raymond Schaerf, Kenton Stephens, Eric Vallières, Kasia Konieczny, Roshanthi Weerasinghe, Mansen Wang, Katherine Lothrop, Cathy Betzer
BACKGROUND: Surgery quality initiatives improve clinical outcomes in cardiac and general surgery. No mature thoracic surgery (TS) regional effort has been described. METHODS: An intramural grant funded the Thoracic Surgery Initiative (TSI). Using professional organization, site specific administrative and clinical databases, surgeons performing TS across a large western health system were identified. Participants were recruited through stakeholder surveys, personal contact and meetings...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735205/-i-don-t-really-have-any-issue-with-masculinity-older-canadian-men-s-perceptions-and-experiences-of-embodied-masculinity
#9
Laura Hurd Clarke, Maya Lefkowich
The article explores what older Canadian men consider to be the definition of masculinity, how they evaluate their own masculinity relative to their definition, and how and why they use particular forms of body work in response to aging and their understandings of masculinity. Data are presented from qualitative interviews with 29 community-dwelling men aged 65-89. The men in our study defined masculinity relationally with femininity and homosexuality and identified three hallmarks of masculinity, namely: physical strength, leadership, and virility...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727377/cardiovascular-nursing-science-priorities-a-statement-from-the-american-heart-association-council-on-cardiovascular-and-stroke-nursing
#10
Mariann R Piano, Nancy T Artinian, Holli A DeVon, Susan T Pressler, Kathleen T Hickey, Deborah A Chyun
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's (AHA) Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing (CVSN) plays a critical role in advancing the mission of the AHA in the discovery of new scientific knowledge. The aim was to identify priority research topics that would promote and improve cardiovascular (CV) health, provide direction for the education of future nurse scientists, and serve as a resource and catalyst for federal and organizational funding priorities. METHODS: A Qualtrics survey, which included 3 questions about priorities for CVSN nurse researchers, was sent to the CVSN Leadership Committee and all CVSN Fellows of the AHA (n = 208)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724985/-it-all-started-from-worms-korea-japan-parasite-control-cooperation-and-asian-network-1960s-1980s
#11
Junho Jung, Ock-Joo Kim
The Korea Association of Health Promotion and Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP), and Taiwan's Chinese Foundation of Health all originated from parasite control organizations. Currently these organizations hold no apparent relations to parasite control activities. However, many of the senior leaderships of these organizations including presidents, have parasitology as their background. Kunii Chojiro (the founder of Japan Association of Parasite Control (JAPC) and JOICFP) explained it as "it all started from worms...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722999/cleansing-my-abuse-a-reparative-response-model-of-perpetrating-abusive-supervisor-behavior
#12
Zhenyu Liao, Kai Chi Yam, Russell E Johnson, Wu Liu, Zhaoli Song
Research on abusive supervision has predominantly focused on the consequences for victims while overlooking how leaders respond to their own abusive behavior. Drawing from the literature on moral cleansing, we posit that supervisors who engage in abusive behavior may paradoxically engage in more constructive leadership behaviors subsequently as a result of feeling guilty and perceiving loss of moral credits. Results from two experience sampling studies show that, within leaders on a daily basis, perpetrating abusive supervisor behavior led to an increase in experienced guilt and perceived loss of moral credits, which in turn motivated leaders to engage in more constructive person-oriented (consideration) and task-oriented (initiating structure) leadership behaviors...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717650/the-shadows-in-healthcare-leadership
#13
Tracey Lynn Nigro
This article outlines personality traits such as psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, and sadism which, when elevated in health leaders, may have negative effects upon teams, the organizations they work for, and ultimately the public. The implications of such traits for specific core health leadership competency domains are explored as well as potential mitigation approaches to minimize and possibly redirect such personality traits.
May 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708796/recruiting-the-next-generation-applying-a-values-based-approach-to-recruitment
#14
Georgina Ritchie, Lisa Ashworth, Annette Bades
The qualified district nurse (DN) role demands high levels of leadership. Attracting the right candidates to apply for the Specialist Practice Qualification District Nursing (SPQDN) education programme is essential to ensure fitness to practice on qualification. Anecdotal evidence suggested that the traditional panel interview discouraged candidates from applying and a need to improve the quality of the overall interview process was identified by the authors. The University of Central Lancashire in partnership with Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust adopted the National Values Based Recruitment (VBR) Framework to select candidates to gain entry onto the SPQDN course...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707237/pilot-study-of-a-training-program-to-enhance-transformational-leadership-in-spinal-cord-injury-peer-mentors
#15
Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Robert B Shaw, Matthew J Stork, Alfiya Battalova, Christopher B McBride
Study design: Experimental, pragmatic design. Objectives: (1) To determine the effects of a transformational leadership (TFL) training program on spinal cord injury (SCI) peer mentors and their mentees; (2) To document characteristics of mentorship within a community-based SCI peer mentor program. Methods: In total 23 SCI peer mentors (70% male; M age = 47.4 ± 12.1) were randomly allocated to an Experimental or Control condition. Experimental condition mentors received a half-day TFL workshop and bi-weekly emailed information on using TFL in SCI peer mentorship...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703314/nursing-leadership-in-academic-nursing-the-wisdom-of-development-and-the-development-of-wisdom
#16
Daniel J Pesut, Sarah A Thompson
The purpose of this article is to discuss insights derived from adult cognitive developmental theories and relate the insights to vertical leadership development in academic nursing contexts. Equipped with developmental understanding, academic leaders are in a better position to support the vertical leadership development of one's self, faculty, peers, and colleagues. From a cognitive developmental perspective, the authors' reason as leaders develop, grow, and evolve, sense making becomes more sophisticated and nuanced resulting in the development of wisdom...
March 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698029/power-increases-the-socially-toxic-component-of-narcissism-among-individuals-with-high-baseline-testosterone
#17
Nicole L Mead, Roy F Baumeister, Anika Stuppy, Kathleen D Vohs
The corrosive effects of power have been noted for centuries, but the self-related changes responsible for those effects have remained somewhat elusive. Narcissists tend to rise to-and abuse-positions of power, so we considered the possibility that positions of power may corrupt because they inflate narcissism. Two pathways were considered: Powerholders abuse their power because having power over others makes them feel superior (grandiosity pathway) or deserving of special treatment (entitlement pathway). Supporting the entitlement pathway, assigning participants to a position of power (vs...
April 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685866/using-social-media-to-generate-and-collect-primary-data-the-showsworkplacecompassion-twitter-research-campaign
#18
Wendy Clyne, Sally Pezaro, Karen Deeny, Rosie Kneafsey
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core value embedded in the concept of quality in healthcare. The need for compassion toward healthcare staff in the workplace, for their own health and well-being and also to enable staff to deliver compassionate care for patients, is increasingly understood. However, we do not currently know how healthcare staff understand and characterize compassion toward themselves as opposed to patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use social media for the generation and collection of primary data to gain understanding of the concept of workplace compassion...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682857/fifth-year-dental-students-visions-of-leadership-a-qualitative-study
#20
H Taipale, T A Tuononen, A L Suominen
INTRODUCTION: Leadership skills are important in dentists' work. Leadership education already in undergraduate curriculum is noteworthy. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe dental students' visions of leadership: how they imagined they end up in leadership position, factors supporting either staying in or leaving the position and their future views. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were gathered after participants, fifth-year dental students, attended a "Dentist as a Leader" study module...
April 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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