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Personality and leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192056/the-psychosocial-challenges-of-caring-for-patients-with-ebola-virus-disease
#1
Matthew W Smith, Philip W Smith, Christopher J Kratochvil, Shelly Schwedhelm
Caring for highly infectious patients in biocontainment units is a new phenomenon, and little is known about the behavioral health of workers in this setting. This is a qualitative study exploring the unique experiences of workers involved in the care of patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) at Nebraska Medicine during the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Twenty-one in-depth interviews were conducted focused on topics of personal memories, interpersonal experiences, stress response, and patient management. Five themes were identified: (1) positive experiences were emotional while challenges were technical; (2) a significant percentage of workers encountered interpersonal stressors, with 29% of respondents having feelings of isolation, 33% having alterations in home life, and 25% experiencing at least 1 episode of discrimination; (3) physicians and nurses had stressors primarily related to patient care; (4) mental health was an important supportive service, with 45% of respondents using behavioral health counseling; and (5) working in the biocontainment unit during activation was more stressful than everyday work for 60% of respondents...
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187021/on-the-road-to-professionalism
#2
David H Chestnut
Many observers have concluded that we have a crisis of professionalism in the practice of medicine. In this essay, the author identifies and discusses personal attributes and commitments important in the development and maintenance of physician professionalism: humility, servant leadership, self-awareness, kindness, altruism, attention to personal well-being, responsibility and concern for patient safety, lifelong learning, self-regulation, and honesty and integrity. Professionalism requires character, but character alone is not enough...
February 10, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178958/informing-the-implementation-of-evidence-informed-decision-making-interventions-using-a-social-network-analysis-perspective-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Lynne Lohfeld, Alexandra Marin, Robert Hanneman, Maureen Dobbins
BACKGROUND: Workforce development is an important aspect of evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) interventions. The structure of formal and informal social networks can influence, and be influenced, by the implementation of EIDM interventions. METHODS: In a mixed methods study we assessed the outcomes of a targeted training intervention to promote EIDM among the staff in three public health units in Ontario, Canada. This report focuses on the qualitative phase of the study in which key staff were interviewed about the process of engagement in the intervention, communications during the intervention, and social consequences...
February 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164406/improving-patient-participation-in-a-challenging-context-a-2-year-evaluation-study-of-an-implementation-project
#4
Eva Jangland, Lena Gunningberg
AIM: To evaluate an implementation project on patient participation. BACKGROUND: Patient participation is one of the cornerstones of person-centred care. A previous intervention study resulted in improved patient participation in a surgical department in a large university hospital in Sweden. A subsequent implementation project was guided by the PARiSH framework and included several strategies over 2 years. METHOD: Patients (n = 198) in five units completed a questionnaire and nurse managers (n = 5) were interviewed...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161976/exploring-senior-nurses-understanding-of-compassionate-leadership-in-the-community
#5
Sulekha Ali, Louise Terry
Developing compassionate leadership is a priority since high profile failings in older people care have come to light. Little is known regarding how compassionate leadership is perceived in community health care organisations. The aim was to understand how leaders and senior staff within a Community NHS Trust perceive compassionate leadership and its importance. This qualitative study employed semi-structured, audio-recorded interviews analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Purposive sampling was used to recruit nursing leaders (n=11) within one Community NHS Trust...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156560/improvements-in-communication-and-engagement-of-advance-care-planning-in-adults-with-metastatic-cancer-through-a-targeted-team-approach
#6
Lalan S Wilfong, Margaret Rhoads, Mary Ann Cagle, Cynthia B Taniguchi
: 14 Background: Advance care planning (ACP) continues to be a vital part of comprehensive, person-centered cancer care. A large community oncology practice performed a targeted approach to improve patient engagement of ACP. A process improvement project with three goals was set: increasing ACP referrals, ACP counseling visits and completed Values Assessment (VA) instrument. A leadership team consisting of practice director, physician, nurse manager, and nurse practitioner was developed with ownership of roles and responsibilities...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156196/the-potential-for-political-leadership-in-hiv-aids-communication-campaigns-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Abraar Karan, Emily Hartford, Thomas J Coates
BACKGROUND: The HIV/AIDS epidemic has become a point of important political concern for governments especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical and public health interventions to curb the epidemic can be greatly enhanced with the strategic support of political leaders. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the role of national political leadership in large-scale HIV/AIDS communications campaigns in 14 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We primarily reviewed grey and white literature published from 2005-2014...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152772/learning-from-and-engaging-patients-families-during-the-implementation-of-a-new-medical-record-system
#8
Kathleen Horvath, Patricia Jahoda Stahl
: 66 Background: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute implemented a new medical record system to improve clinical and revenue cycle services. Through the formation of a Patient Experience (PX) committee we thoughtfully and methodically revised materials and processes putting patient and family perspectives first. METHODS: Formed PX committee with PFAC members, executive leadership, Patient/Family Relations (PFR), Volunteer Services, Management operations, and Quality/ Patient Safety representation...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134440/what-happens-after-the-demonstration-phase-the-sustainability-of-canada-s-at-home-chez-soi-housing-first-programs-for-homeless-persons-with-mental-illness
#9
Geoffrey Nelson, Rachel Caplan, Timothy MacLeod, Eric Macnaughton, Rebecca Cherner, Tim Aubry, Christian Méthot, Eric Latimer, Myra Piat, Erin Plenert, Scott McCullough, Sarah Zell, Michelle Patterson, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Paula Goering
This research examined the sustainability of Canada's At Home/Chez Soi Housing First (HF) programs for homeless persons with mental illness 2 years after the end of the demonstration phase of a large (more than 2000 participants enrolled), five-site, randomized controlled trial. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 142 participants (key informants, HF staff, and persons with lived experience) to understand sustainability outcomes and factors that influenced those outcomes. Also, a self-report HF fidelity measure was completed for nine HF programs that continued after the demonstration project...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128047/dual-leadership-in-a-hospital-practice
#10
Bettina Ravnborg Thude, Svend Erik Thomsen, Egon Stenager, Erik Hollnagel
Purpose Despite the practice of dual leadership in many organizations, there is relatively little research on the topic. Dual leadership means two leaders share the leadership task and are held jointly accountable for the results of the unit. To better understand how dual leadership works, this study aims to analyse three different dual leadership pairs at a Danish hospital. Furthermore, this study develops a tool to characterize dual leadership teams from each other. Design/methodology/approach This is a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128045/the-new-frontier-of-public-health-education
#11
David Birnbaum, Kathryn Gretsinger, Ursula Ellis
Purpose The aim of this paper is to describe the experience and educational benefits of a course that has several unique educational design features. Design/methodology/approach This includes narrative description of faculty and student experience from participants in a flipped-instructional-design inter-professional education course. Findings "Improving Public Health - An Interprofessional Approach to Designing and Implementing Effective Interventions" is an undergraduate public health course open to students regardless of background...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128041/barriers-and-enablers-to-academic-health-leadership
#12
Aleem Bharwani, Theresa Kline, Margaret Patterson, Peter Craighead
Purpose This study sought to identify the barriers and enablers to leadership enactment in academic health-care settings. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interviews ( n = 77) with programme stakeholders (medical school trainees, university leaders, clinical leaders, medical scientists and directors external to the medical school) were conducted, and the responses content-analysed. Findings Both contextual and individual factors were identified as playing a role in affecting academic health leadership enactment that has an impact on programme development, success and maintenance...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127783/up-and-left-as-a-spatial-cue-of-leadership
#13
Maria Paola Paladino, Mara Mazzurega, Claudia Bonfiglioli
Cues of leadership are features that signal who is (or who is expected to be) the leader in a specific context. Although their use is widespread, empirical research is scarce, especially for spatial positioning as a sign of leadership. Based on work on spatial biases, we suggest here that the upper-left corner of a page is a spatial position associated with leadership. In the present studies (N = 455), we investigated this hypothesis and showed that a layout with a photograph positioned in the upper-left corner (compared to the upper-right, lower-left, or lower-right corner) led people to infer that the person portrayed in the photograph had a leading (vs...
January 27, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127708/associations-between-hunter-type-a-b-personality-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-from-adolescence-through-young-adulthood
#14
Benjamin D Pollock, Wei Chen, Emily W Harville, Lydia A Bazzano
PURPOSE: Type A personality, characterized by action-oriented tendencies, has been linked to cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly adults. Alternatively, limited research has tested whether personality type A/B and cardiovascular (CVD) risk are linked prior to adulthood. Therefore, we used the Hunter-Wolf A/B personality score to determine whether personality type A/B is associated with traditional CVD risk factors during adolescence, and more importantly if personality type, or its individual type A components, are associated with cardiovascular risk through young adulthood...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126250/the-effects-of-authentic-leadership-organizational-identification-and-occupational-coping-self-efficacy-on%C3%A2-new-graduate-nurses-job-turnover-intentions%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-canada
#15
Fatmah Fallatah, Heather K S Laschinger, Emily A Read
BACKGROUND: Nurses' turnover has a costly impact on organizations, patients, and nurses. Numerous studies have highlighted the critical role of nursing leadership in enhancing new nurses' retention. PURPOSE: To examine the influence of authentic leadership on new nurses' job turnover intentions through their personal identification with the leader, organizational identification, and occupational coping self-efficacy. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional national study of Canadian new graduate nurses was conducted using structural equation modeling...
December 8, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125904/structured-mentoring-for-workforce-engagement-and-professional-development-in-public-health-settings
#16
Stephanie A Dopson, Sue Griffey, Neelam Ghiya, Susan Laird, Aubrey Cyphert, John Iskander
Mentoring is commonly used to facilitate professional growth and workforce development in a variety of settings. Organizations can use mentoring to help achieve broader personnel goals including leadership development and succession planning. While mentorship can be incorporated into training programs in public health, there are other examples of structured mentoring, with time commitments ranging from minutes to months or longer. Based on a review of the literature in public health and aggregated personal subject matter expertise of existing programs at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we summarize selected mentoring models that vary primarily by time commitments and meeting frequency and identify specific work situations to which they may be applicable, primarily from the federal job experience point of view...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123136/association-of-adaptive-and-maladaptive-narcissism-with-personal-burnout-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Roland VON Känel, Raphael M Herr, Annelies E M VAN Vianen, Burkhard Schmidt
Burnout is associated with poor mental and physical functioning and high costs for societies. Personality attributes may critically increase the risk of personal burnout. We specifically examined whether narcissism associates with personal burnout in a working population. We studied n=1461employees (mean age 41.3±9.4 years, 52% men) drawn from a random sample of a pharmaceutical company in Germany. All participants completed the personal burnout subscale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess maladaptive (entitlement/exploitativeness) and adaptive (leadership/authority) narcissism...
January 25, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122925/interprofessional-primary-care-team-meetings-a-qualitative-approach-comparing-observations-with-personal-opinions
#18
Jerôme Jean Jacques van Dongen, Marloes Amantia van Bokhoven, Ramon Daniëls, Stephanie Anna Lenzen, Trudy van der Weijden, Anna Beurskens
BACKGROUND: The number of people with multiple chronic conditions requiring primary care services increases. Professionals from different disciplines collaborate and coordinate care to deal with the complex health care needs. There is lack of information on current practices regarding interprofessional team (IPT) meetings. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to improve our understanding of the process of interprofessional collaboration in primary care team meetings in the Netherlands by observing the current practice and exploring personal opinions...
February 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121985/career-satisfaction-and-perceived-salary-competitiveness-among-individuals-who-completed-postdoctoral-research-training-in-cancer-prevention
#19
Jessica M Faupel-Badger, David E Nelson, Grant Izmirlian
Studies examining career satisfaction of biomedical scientists are limited, especially in the context of prior postdoctoral training. Here we focused on career satisfaction defined as satisfaction with one's career trajectory and perceived salary competitiveness among a predominantly Ph.D.-trained population of scientists who completed cancer prevention-related postdoctoral training between 1987-2011. National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program (CPFP) alumni (n = 114), and previous recipients of NCI-sponsored Ruth L...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120137/smart-choices-for-cancer-education-professional-development-your-voice-and-visibility-for-leadership
#20
Cynthia Kratzke
The purpose of this article is to provide reflections about the important and exciting opportunities for cancer education career advancement and professional development. Advancement in professional, personal, and career growth for clinicians and health professionals is critical to improve quality cancer care and updated health communication with patients and families. Valuable insights from my recent 2-year term as treasurer, Board of Directors, Cancer Patient Education Network, are shared inspiring others to build their rewarding professional development...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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