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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909354/the-comprehension-of-sentences-with-unaccusative-verbs-in-aphasia-a-test-of-the-intervener-hypothesis
#1
Natalie Sullivan, Matthew Walenski, Tracy Love, Lewis P Shapiro
BACKGROUND: It is well accepted that individuals with agrammatic Broca's aphasia have difficulty comprehending some sentences with filler-gap dependencies. While investigations of these difficulties have been conducted with several different sentence types (e.g., object relatives, Wh-questions), we explore sentences containing unaccusative verbs, which arguably have a single noun phrase (NP) that is base-generated in object position but then is displaced to surface subject position. Unaccusative verbs provide an ideal test case for a particular hypothesis about the comprehension disorder-the Intervener Hypothesis-that posits that the difficulty individuals with agrammatic Broca's aphasia have comprehending sentences containing filler-gap dependencies results from similarity-based interference caused by the presence of an intervening NP between the two elements of a syntactic chain...
2017: Aphasiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905242/constant-therapy
#2
(no author information available yet)
Designed by scientists at Boston University, the aim of this therapy app is to improve everyday speech, memory and focus skills in people recovering from traumatic brain injury, or who have aphasia, dementia or a speech-language disorder.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904489/speech-and-language-therapy-for-aphasia-following-subacute-stroke
#3
Engin Koyuncu, Pınar Çam, Nermin Altınok, Duygu Ekinci Çallı, Tuba Yarbay Duman, Neşe Özgirgin
The aim of this study was to investigate the time window, duration and intensity of optimal speech and language therapy applied to aphasic patients with subacute stroke in our hospital. The study consisted of 33 patients being hospitalized for stroke rehabilitation in our hospital with first stroke but without previous history of speech and language therapy. Sixteen sessions of impairment-based speech and language therapy were applied to the patients, 30-60 minutes per day, 2 days a week, for 8 successive weeks...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#4
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899886/relearning-and-retaining-personally-relevant-words-using-computer-based-flashcard-software-in-primary-progressive-aphasia
#5
William S Evans, Megan Quimby, Michael Walsh Dickey, Bradford C Dickerson
Although anomia treatments have often focused on training small sets of words in the hopes of promoting generalization to untrained items, an alternative is to directly train a larger set of words more efficiently. The current case study reports on a novel treatment for a patient with semantic variant Primary Progressive Aphasia (svPPA), in which the patient was taught to make and practice flashcards for personally-relevant words using an open-source computer program (Anki). Results show that the patient was able to relearn and retain a large subset of her studied words for up to 20 months, the full duration of the study period...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896904/contrast-induced-encephalopathy-following-cardiac-catheterization
#6
Roberto Spina, Neil Simon, Romesh Markus, David Wm Muller, Krishna Kathir
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management of contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) following cardiac catheterization. BACKGROUND: CIE is an acute, reversible neurological disturbance directly attributable to the intra-arterial administration of iodinated contrast medium. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched and all cases in the literature were retrieved and reviewed. RESULTS: 52 reports of CIE following cardiac catheterization were found...
November 29, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#7
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891083/toward-a-p300-based-brain-computer-interface-for-aphasia-rehabilitation-after-stroke-presentation-of-theoretical-considerations-and-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#8
Sonja C Kleih, Lea Gottschalt, Eva Teichlein, Franz X Weilbach
People with post-stroke motor aphasia know what they would like to say but cannot express it through motor pathways due to disruption of cortical circuits. We present a theoretical background for our hypothesized connection between attention and aphasia rehabilitation and suggest why in this context, Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) use might be beneficial for patients diagnosed with aphasia. Not only could BCI technology provide a communication tool, it might support neuronal plasticity by activating language circuits and thereby boost aphasia recovery...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882642/identifying-mechanisms-of-change-in-a-conversation-therapy-for-aphasia-using-behaviour-change-theory-and-qualitative-methods
#9
Fiona M Johnson, Wendy Best, Firle Christina Beckley, Jane Maxim, Suzanne Beeke
BACKGROUND: Conversation therapy for aphasia is a complex intervention comprising multiple components and targeting multiple outcomes. UK Medical Research Council (MRC) guidelines published in 2008 recommend that in addition to measuring the outcomes of complex interventions, evaluation should seek to clarify how such outcomes are produced, including identifying the hypothesized mechanisms of change. AIMS: To identify mechanisms of change within a conversation therapy for people with aphasia and their partners...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875715/common-and-divergent-neural-correlates-of-anomia-in-amnestic-and-logopenic-presentations-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Cristian E Leyton, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Kirrie J Ballard
The majority of logopenic variant primary progressive aphasia (lv-PPA) cases harbour Alzheimer pathology, suggesting that lv-PPA constitutes an atypical presentation of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, even if caused by Alzheimer pathology, the clinical manifestations of lv-PPA differ from those observed in the typical or amnestic AD presentation: in lv-PPA, aphasia is the main feature while amnestic AD is characterised by impaired episodic memory. Anomia or impaired naming, however, is present in both AD presentations...
November 5, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872588/conversation-therapy-with-people-with-aphasia-and-conversation-partners-using-video-feedback-a-group-and-case-series-investigation-of-changes-in-interaction
#11
Wendy Best, Jane Maxim, Claudia Heilemann, Firle Beckley, Fiona Johnson, Susan I Edwards, David Howard, Suzanne Beeke
Conversation therapies employing video for feedback and to facilitate outcome measurement are increasingly used with people with post-stroke aphasia and their conversation partners; however the evidence base for change in everyday interaction remains limited. We investigated the effect of Better Conversations with Aphasia (BCA), an intervention that is freely available online at https://extend.ucl.ac.uk/. Eight people with chronic agrammatic aphasia, and their regular conversation partners participated in the tailored 8 week program involving significant video feedback...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869560/syncope-seizure-or-both
#12
Paraskevi Koutrolou-Sotiropoulou, Abhijeet Singh, Mason Leeman-Markowski, Eric J Rashba
Ictal asystole (IA) is a rare phenomenon in patients with seizures with an incidence of 0.27-0.4% and has been proposed as a possible mechanism of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy patients (SUDEP). We present a case of a 53-year-old woman who initially presented with episodes of expressive aphasia and was treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). While on therapy she experienced episodes of syncope. During her hospitalization for tapering of AEDs and 24-hour EEG monitoring, the patient developed a seizure followed by sinus bradycardia and an 18-second sinus pause, resulting in loss of consciousness and slowing of cerebral activity...
November 21, 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867260/tracking-sentence-comprehension-test-retest-reliability-in-people-with-aphasia-and-unimpaired-adults
#13
Jennifer E Mack, Andrew Zu-Sern Wei, Stephanie Gutierrez, Cynthia K Thompson
PURPOSE: Visual-world eyetracking is increasingly used to investigate online language processing in normal and language impaired listeners. Tracking changes in eye movements over time also may be useful for indexing language recovery in those with language impairments. Therefore, it is critical to determine the test-retest reliability of results obtained using this method. METHODS: Unimpaired young adults and people with aphasia took part in two eyetracking sessions spaced about one week apart...
November 2016: Journal of Neurolinguistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866120/evidence-based-guidelines-on-the-therapeutic-use-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs
#14
REVIEW
Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Andrea Antal, Samar S Ayache, David H Benninger, Jérôme Brunelin, Filippo Cogiamanian, Maria Cotelli, Dirk De Ridder, Roberta Ferrucci, Berthold Langguth, Paola Marangolo, Veit Mylius, Michael A Nitsche, Frank Padberg, Ulrich Palm, Emmanuel Poulet, Alberto Priori, Simone Rossi, Martin Schecklmann, Sven Vanneste, Ulf Ziemann, Luis Garcia-Larrea, Walter Paulus
A group of European experts was commissioned by the European Chapter of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology to gather knowledge about the state of the art of the therapeutic use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) from studies published up until September 2016, regarding pain, Parkinson's disease, other movement disorders, motor stroke, poststroke aphasia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, consciousness disorders, Alzheimer's disease, tinnitus, depression, schizophrenia, and craving/addiction...
October 29, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865707/a-comprehensive-database-of-published-tdcs-clinical-trials-2005-2016
#15
REVIEW
Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a technique of noninvasive cortical stimulation allowing significant modification of brain functions. Clinical application of this technique was reported for the first time in March 2005. This paper presents a detailed list of the 340 articles (excluding single case reports) which have assessed the clinical effect of tDCS in patients, at least when delivered to cortical targets. The reviewed conditions were: pain syndromes, Parkinson's disease, dystonia, cerebral palsy, post-stroke limb motor impairment, post-stroke neglect, post-stroke dysphagia, post-stroke aphasia, primary progressive aphasia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, consciousness disorders, Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, tinnitus, depression, auditory hallucinations and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, addiction and craving, autism, and attention disorders...
December 2016: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864027/patterns-of-neural-activity-predict-picture-naming-performance-of-a-patient-with-chronic-aphasia
#16
Yune Sang Lee, Jihad T Zreik, Roy H Hamilton
Naming objects represents a substantial challenge for patients with chronic aphasia. This could be in part because the reorganized compensatory language networks of persons with aphasia may be less stable than the intact language systems of healthy individuals. Here, we hypothesized that the degree of stability would be instantiated by spatially differential neural patterns rather than either increased or diminished amplitudes of neural activity within a putative compensatory language system. We recruited a chronic aphasic patient (KL; 66 year-old male) who exhibited a semantic deficit (e...
November 15, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859982/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-effects-on-neural-processing-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#17
Robert Darkow, Andrew Martin, Anna Würtz, Agnes Flöel, Marcus Meinzer
Non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can enhance recovery after stroke. However, fundamental knowledge about how tDCS impacts neural processing in the lesioned human brain is currently lacking. In the present study, it was investigated how tDCS modulates brain function in patients with post-stroke language impairment (aphasia). In a cross-over, randomized trial, patients named pictures of common objects during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Concurrently, excitatory (anodal-) or sham-tDCS (1 mA, 20 min, or 30 s, respectively) was administered to the left primary motor cortex, a montage with demonstrated potential to improve aphasic language...
November 11, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859539/clinicopathologic-heterogeneity-in-ftdp-17-due-to-mapt-p-p301l-mutation-including-a-patient-with-globular-glial-tauopathy
#18
Pawel Tacik, Monica Sanchez-Contreras, Michael DeTure, Melissa E Murray, Rosa Rademakers, Owen A Ross, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Joseph E Parisi, David S Knopman, Ronald C Petersen, Dennis W Dickson
AIM: The p.P301L mutation in microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) is a common cause of frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). We compare clinicopathologic features of five unrelated and three related (brother, sister and cousin) patients with FTDP-17 due to p.P301L mutation. METHODS: Genealogical, clinical, neuropathologic, and genetic data were reviewed from eight individuals RESULTS: The series consisted of five men and three women with an average age of death of 58 years (52-65 years) and average disease duration of 9 years (3-14 years)...
November 8, 2016: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858708/cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-as-a-diagnostic-tool-of-the-underlying-pathology-of-primary-progressive-aphasia
#19
George P Paraskevas, Dimitrios Kaselimis, Evie Kourtidou, Vasilios Constantinides, Anastasia Bougea, Costas Potagas, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Elisabeth Kapaki
BACKGROUND: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) may present with three main clinical variants, namely nonfluent agrammatic (nfaPPA), semantic (sPPA), and logopenic (lPPA) subtypes. Frontotemporal lobar degenerations (FTLD) or Alzheimer's disease (AD) are the most common etiologies. OBJECTIVE: To study the potential of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for identifying the underlying pathology in patients with PPA. METHODS: CSF levels of total tau protein (τT), amyloid-β peptide (Aβ42), and tau phosphorylated at threonine-181 (τP - 181) were measured by double sandwich, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 43 patients with PPA, 26 patients with AD, and 17 healthy controls...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855768/-cognitive-deficits-are-underestimated-in-children-with-benign-epilepsy-with-centro-temporal-spikes
#20
Mary Doreen Atkins, Kirsten Juul
Benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BECTS) is, as the name suggests, usually considered benign. However, there is a growing awareness that this is not the case in all instances. Many of the children with BECTS have neuropsychological and linguistic dysfunctions, even after remission of the disease. In patients with classic BECTS, an association with GRIN2A-mutations is reported by several groups, suggesting a possible placement of BECTS at the mild end of an epileptic-aphasia spectrum. Awareness of the possible neuropsychological consequences of BECTS should be considered when treating these children...
November 7, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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