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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770543/impairment-in-toileting-behavior-after-a-stroke
#1
Eri Kawanabe, Makoto Suzuki, Satoshi Tanaka, Shotaro Sasaki, Toyohiro Hamaguchi
AIM: Dependence for toileting is the most problematic aspect for patients after a stroke. However, the relative difficulty of each component of toileting and the predictors for independent performance of these activities are unknown. We investigated these issues in stroke patients using Boltzmann sigmoid and generalized linear modeling. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional correlation study, including 107 adult inpatients, hospitalized for a stroke. We assessed the activity components of toileting, as well as evaluated physical impairment using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, impairments in balance using the Berg Balance Scale, cognitive impairments using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the presence or absence of unilateral spatial neglect or aphasia...
May 17, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765567/effects-of-multimodal-communication-program-on-patients-with-chronic-aphasia-a-single-subject-a-b-a-design-study
#2
Shohre Kaviani, Afshin Samaei, Masoomeh Salmani, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Farnaz Dehnavi, Ehsan Shahverdi
Background and aim: Aphasia as a common consequence of stroke, is an acquired neurologic communication disorder that can affect symbol language processing. Different types of intervention approaches have been introduced. Multimodal Communication Program (MCP) is a new augmentative alternative communication approach in chronic aphasia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of MCP on communication skills of patients with chronic aphasia. Methods: This prospective, single subject, A-B-A design study was done during 2016 in Semnan, Iran...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765397/lvis-jr-device-for-y-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-wide-neck-intracranial-aneurysms-a-multicenter-experience
#3
Edgar A Samaniego, Aldo A Mendez, Thanh N Nguyen, Vladimir Kalousek, Waldo R Guerrero, Sudeepta Dandapat, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Ameer E Hassan, Alexander Drofa, Evgueni Kouznetsov, David Leedahl, David Hasan, Alberto Maud, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez
Background and Purpose: Complex wide-neck intracranial aneurysms are challenging to treat. We report a multicenter experience using the LVIS Jr stent for "Y-stent"-assisted coiling embolization of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms. Methods: Seven centers provided retrospective data on patients who underwent Y-stenting. Technical complications, immediate posttreatment angiographic results, clinical outcomes, and imaging follow-up were assessed. Results: Thirty patients/aneurysms were treated: 15 basilar tip, 8 middle cerebral artery, 4 anterior communicating artery, 1 pericallosal, and 2 posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms...
April 2018: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761598/the-effects-of-enactment-on-communicative-competence-in-aphasic-casual-conversation-a-functional-linguistic-perspective
#4
Rimke Groenewold, Elizabeth Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that speakers with aphasia rely on enactment more often than non-brain-damaged language users. Several studies have been conducted to explain this observed increase, demonstrating that spoken language containing enactment is easier to produce and is more engaging to the conversation partner. This paper describes the effects of the occurrence of enactment in casual conversation involving individuals with aphasia on its level of conversational assertiveness...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760288/-neuropathologic-subtypes-of-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration
#5
Mari Tada, Akiyoshi Kakita
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a heterogeneous disease entity encompassing a wide variety of histopathological features and genetic backgrounds. The last two decades have seen the discovery of causative genes and the identification of relevant proteins. The current histopathological classification is based on the major types of protein deposition in the brain, and most FTLD cases can be placed into one of three pathological subgroups: FTLD-tau, FTLD-TDP, and FTLD-FUS. Further sub-classification within each subgroup is based on the morphology of neuronal and glial inclusions and lesion distribution...
May 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760004/clinical-reasoning-a-77-year-old-man-presenting-with-episodic-expressive-aphasia
#6
Alice Shanklin, Andrew Cox, Hamdy M A Ahmed, Alicia Lieberman, Ania Busza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755904/radiation-induced-cavernous-malformation-as-a-late-sequelae-of-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-epilepsy
#7
Ethan A Winkler, Caleb Rutledge, Mariann Ward, Tarik Tihan, Patricia K Sneed, Nicholas Barbaro, Paul Garcia, Michael McDermott, Edward F Chang
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a promising treatment for medically intractable mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. SRS for epilepsy has had an acceptable safety profile with reports of radiation-induced vascular malformations confined to central nervous system pathologies with prominent angiogenesis - namely, primary brain tumors, metastases, and arteriovenous malformations. Theoretical risks for radiation-induced lesions following radiosurgery for epilepsy have yet to be established. Of 13 patients treated in a pilot trial for medial temporal lobe epilepsy, one developed multiple delayed radiation-induced cavernous malformations following radiosurgery...
March 11, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753915/the-eyes-reveal-uncertainty-about-object-distinctions-in-semantic-variant-primary-progressive-aphasia
#8
Andreia V Faria, David Race, Kevin Kim, Argye E Hillis
At least three distinct variants of primary progressive aphasia (PPA) have been described, but they are difficult to distinguish early in the course, when individuals experience primarily anomia. People with svPPA are often the hardest to care for, because they have impaired comprehension of words and objects and often have negative changes in comportment. We sought to identify an early marker of semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA) and to enhance the understanding of the semantic deficit in svPPA...
April 3, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749688/effect-of-type-of-language-therapy-on-expressive-language-skills-in-patients-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#9
Jasmina Vuksanović, Tanja Milovanović, Ljubica Konstantinović, Saša R Filipović
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced (language) aphasia therapy (CIAT), based on constraint usage of the language channel only, massed practice and shaping through therapeutic language games, has been suggested as a more efficient therapy approach than traditional aphasia therapies. AIMS: To examine the comparative efficacy of CIAT and a traditional therapy approach on expressive language ability, with the intensity of therapy controlled and matched, in the treatment of post-stroke aphasia...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749596/-jose-ingenieros-and-the-amusias-the-beginning-of-the-neuropsychology-in-argentina
#10
REVIEW
R F Allegri, F N Roman
The Argentine neuropsychological school is born of the hand of the European school and is part of the beginning of the Experimental Psychology. In 1896 Horacio Pinero creates the first Department of Psychology at the University of Buenos Aires and in 1898 the first laboratory of Experimental Psychology is annexed. Jose Ingeniero, psychiatrist, neurologist, politician and above all sociologist publishes in France his work about the musical aphasia, the first neuropsychological work with international significance...
May 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749112/technology-enhanced-writing-therapy-for-people-with-aphasia-results-of-a-quasi-randomized-waitlist-controlled-study
#11
Jane Marshall, Anna Caute, Katie Chadd, Madeline Cruice, Katie Monnelly, Stephanie Wilson, Celia Woolf
BACKGROUND: Acquired writing impairment, or dysgraphia, is common in aphasia. It affects both handwriting and typing, and may recover less well than other aphasic symptoms. Dysgraphia is an increasing priority for intervention, particularly for those wishing to participate in online written communication. Effective dysgraphia treatment studies have been reported, but many did not target, or did not achieve, improvements in functional writing. Functional outcomes might be promoted by therapies that exploit digital technologies, such as voice recognition and word prediction software...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744573/diagnostic-utility-of-fdg-pet-in-the-differential-diagnosis-between-different-forms-of-primary-progressive-aphasia
#12
Femke Bouwman, Stefania Orini, Federica Gandolfo, Daniele Altomare, Cristina Festari, Federica Agosta, Javier Arbizu, Alexander Drzezga, Peter Nestor, Flavio Nobili, Zuzana Walker, Silvia Morbelli, Marina Boccardi
PURPOSE: A joint effort of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) and the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) aims at clinical guidance for the use of FDG-PET in neurodegenerative diseases. This paper addresses the diagnostic utility of FDG-PET over clinical/neuropsychological assessment in the differentiation of the three forms of primary progressive aphasia (PPA). METHODS: Seven panelists were appointed by the EANM and EAN and a literature search was performed by using harmonized PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) question keywords...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744128/fatal-case-of-amoebic-encephalitis-masquerading-as-herpes
#13
Rikesh Baral, Binit Vaidya
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a rare, fulminating, hemorrhagic infection of the brain caused by Naegleria fowleri , a thermophilic, free-living amoeba. A 74-year male presented with sudden severe global headache and fever with features of anomic aphasia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested herpes encephalitis and acyclovir (IV) was started but the patient developed altered sensorium, agitation and progressive weakness of lower limbs with gradual truncal weakness. Repeat MRI showed increase in lesion size and edema with confluent blood areas...
May 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737425/haemorrhagic-stroke-related-to-the-use-of-4-fluoroamphetamine
#14
C H W Wijers, M C Visser, R T H van Litsenburg, R J M Niesink, R B Willemse, Esther A Croes
INTRODUCTION: The use of the new psychoactive substance 4-fluoroamphetamine (4-FA) and the number of 4-FA-related intoxications substantially increased in The Netherlands in recent years. We describe two patients with severe 4-FA-related complications and the characteristics of a large sample of 4-FA-intoxicated patients. METHODS: Information on patients with 4-FA-related intoxications between January 2009 and June 2017 was available from the Monitor Drug-related Incidents...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736552/comparison-of-two-configurations-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-aphasia-treatment
#15
Kerstin Spielmann, W Mieke van de Sandt-Koenderman, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Gerard M Ribbers
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 configurations of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for treatment of aphasia. DESIGN: Randomized cross-over study. SUBJECTS: Patients with chronic post-stroke aphasia (n = 13). METHODS: tDCS was combined with word-finding therapy in 3 single sessions. In session 1, sham-tDCS/pseudo-stimulation was applied. In sessions 2 and 3, 2 active configurations were provided in random order: anodal tDCS over the left inferior frontal gyrus (l-IFG) and anodal tDCS over the left posterior superior temporal gyrus (l-STG)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731052/a-38-year-old-woman-with-global-aphasia-and-migraine
#16
Jialei Yang, Xiaoyong Huang, Shimin Yin, Lei Wang, Mingyang Zhou
A 38-year-old right-handed woman presented to the hospital with subtle right facial palsy and global aphasia of 4 days' duration. She found that she had aphasia when she suddenly woke up at midnight and reported a headache lasting for several hours. She had no fever, vomiting, seizures, or limb paralysis. She had had migraines with an occasional visual aura for > 10 years. She was not taking any medication and was a nondrinker and nonsmoker. She had no other significant medical background and family history...
May 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727462/a-chinese-version-of-the-language-screening-test-clast-for-early-stage-stroke-patients
#17
Hongyan Yang, Shenghua Tian, Constance Flamand-Roze, Ling Gao, Wei Zhang, Yan Li, Jiajia Wang, Zhou Sun, Ying Su, Libin Zhao, Zhihou Liang
There is a severe lack of aphasia screening tools for bedside use in Chinese. A number of aphasia assessment tools have recently been developed abroad, but some of these scales were not suitable for patients with acute stroke. The Language Screening Test (which includes two parallel versions [a/b]) in French has been proven to be an effective and time-saving aphasia screening scale for early-stage stroke patients. Therefore, we worked out a Chinese version of the LAST taking into consideration Chinese language and culture...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726775/parietal-association-deficits-in-patients-harboring-parietal-lobe-gliomas-a-prospective-study
#18
Evangelia Liouta, George Stranjalis, Aristotelis V Kalyvas, Christos Koutsarnakis, Stavroula Pantinaki, Faidon Liakos, Spyros Komaitis, Lampis C Stavrinou
OBJECTIVE Although the parietal lobe is a common site for glioma formation, current literature is scarce, consists of retrospective studies, and lacks consistency with regard to the incidence, nature, and severity of parietal association deficits (PADs). The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics and incidence of PADs in patients suffering from parietal lobe gliomas through a prospective study and a battery of comprehensive neuropsychological tests. METHODS Between 2012 and 2016 the authors recruited 38 patients with glioma confined in the parietal lobe...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725611/fingolimod-associated-pml-with-mild-iris-in-ms-a-clinicopathologic-study
#19
Shuhei Nishiyama, Tatsuro Misu, Yukiko Shishido-Hara, Kazuo Nakamichi, Masayuki Saijo, Yoshiki Takai, Kentarou Takei, Naoki Yamamoto, Hiroshi Kuroda, Ryuta Saito, Mika Watanabe, Teiji Tominaga, Ichiro Nakashima, Kazuo Fujihara, Masashi Aoki
Objective: To clarify the clinical, neuropathologic, and virologic characteristics of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and its immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in a patient with fingolimod-treated MS. Methods: A case study. Results: A 34-year-old patient with MS using fingolimod for 4 years had a gradual progression of right hemiparesis and aphasia with a new subcortical white matter lesion in the precentral gyrus by initial MRI...
January 2018: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724159/word-repetition-and-retrieval-practice-effects-in-aphasia-evidence-for-use-dependent-learning-in-lexical-access
#20
Julia Schuchard, Erica L Middleton
This study tested the hypothesis that a use-dependent learning mechanism operates at each of two stages of lexical access: retrieval of a word from semantics ("Stage 1"), followed by retrieval of the word's constituent phonemes ("Stage 2"). Two participants with aphasia were selected due to their contrasting types of naming impairment (Stage 1 versus Stage 2 difficulty). For each participant, items were assigned to naming training that involved retrieval practice (retrieval of the name from semantics) or repetition practice (hear the name and orally repeat it)...
May 4, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychology
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