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USV electrophysiology

Moon Yi Ko, Eun Young Jang, June Yeon Lee, Soo Phil Kim, Sung Hun Whang, Bong Hyo Lee, Hee Young Kim, Chae Ha Yang, Hee Jung Cho, Young S Gwak
Spinal cord injury (SCI) frequently results in chronic neuropathic pain (CNP). However, the understanding of brain neural circuits in CNP modulation is unclear. The present study examined the changes of ventral tegmental area (VTA) putative GABAergic and dopaminergic neuronal activity with CNP attenuation in rats. SCI was established by T10 clip compression injury (35 g, 1 min) in rats, and neuropathic pain behaviors, in vivo extracellular single-cell recording of putative VTA gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)/dopamine neurons, extracellular GABA level, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), and vesicular GABA transporters (VGATs) were measured in the VTA, respectively...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Erikson G Neilans, David P Holfoth, Kelly E Radziwon, Christine V Portfors, Micheal L Dent
The function of ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) produced by mice (Mus musculus) is a topic of broad interest to many researchers. These USVs differ widely in spectrotemporal characteristics, suggesting different categories of vocalizations, although this has never been behaviorally demonstrated. Although electrophysiological studies indicate that neurons can discriminate among vocalizations at the level of the auditory midbrain, perceptual acuity for vocalizations has yet to be determined. Here, we trained CBA/CaJ mice using operant conditioning to discriminate between different vocalizations and between a spectrotemporally modified vocalization and its original version...
2014: PloS One
John A Saunders, Valerie M Tatard-Leitman, Jimmy Suh, Eddie N Billingslea, Timothy P Roberts, Steven J Siegel
Autism is a disabling neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social deficits, language impairment, and repetitive behaviors with few effective treatments. New evidence suggests that autism has reliable electrophysiological endophenotypes and that these measures may be caused by n-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR) disruption on parvalbumin (PV)-containing interneurons. These findings could be used to create new translational biomarkers. Recent developments have allowed for cell-type selective knockout of NMDARs in order to examine the perturbations caused by disrupting specific circuits...
April 2013: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
L Dahan, H Husum, O Mnie-Filali, J Arnt, P Hertel, N Haddjeri
The atypical antipsychotic bifeprunox is a partial dopamine D(2) and 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist. Using in-vivo electrophysiological and behavioural paradigms in the rat, the effects of bifeprunox and aripiprazole were assessed on ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine and dorsal raphe serotonin (5-HT) cell activity and on foot shock-induced ultrasonic vocalisation (USV). In VTA, bifeprunox and aripiprazole decreased (by 20-50%) firing of dopamine neurons. Interestingly, bursting activity was markedly reduced (by 70-100%), bursting being associated with a larger synaptic dopamine release than single spike firing...
March 2009: Journal of Psychopharmacology
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